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Oral history interview with Edith Gregor Halpert

Interviewee:
Halpert, Edith Gregor, 1900-1970  Search this
Interviewer:
Phillips, Harlan B. (Harlan Buddington), 1920-  Search this
Names:
C.W. Kraushaar Art Galleries  Search this
Daniel Gallery  Search this
Downtown Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Ferargil Galleries  Search this
Grand Central Art Galleries  Search this
M. Knoedler & Co.  Search this
Montross Gallery  Search this
New Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Bacon, Peggy, 1895-1987  Search this
Barr, Alfred H., Jr., 1902-1981  Search this
Barrie, Erwin S., 1886-1983  Search this
Benton, Thomas Hart, 1889-1975  Search this
Brackman, Robert, 1898-  Search this
Bridgman, George Brant, 1864-1943  Search this
Brixey, Richard de Wolfe  Search this
Cahill, Holger, 1887-1960  Search this
Calder, Alexander, 1898-1976  Search this
Cary, Elisabeth Luther, 1867-1936  Search this
Chase, William Merritt, 1849-1916  Search this
Coleman, Glenn O., 1887-1932  Search this
Crowninshield, Frank, 1872-1947  Search this
Daniel, Charles, 1878-1971  Search this
Davis, Stuart, 1892-1964  Search this
Demuth, Charles, 1883-1935  Search this
Deskey, Donald, 1894-  Search this
Dove, Arthur Garfield, 1880-1946  Search this
Dudensing, F. Valentine, 1892-1967  Search this
Fergusson, John Duncan, 1874-1961  Search this
Field, Hamilton Easter  Search this
Force, Juliana, 1876-1948  Search this
Ford, Ford Madox, 1873-1939  Search this
Frost, Robert, 1874-1963  Search this
Fuller, R. Buckminster (Richard Buckminster), 1895-1983  Search this
Goodyear, A. Conger (Anson Conger), 1877-1964  Search this
Greenberg, Clement, 1909-1994  Search this
Halpert, Samuel, 1884-1930  Search this
Hartley, Marsden, 1877-1943  Search this
Hirsch, Stefan, 1899-1964  Search this
Hopkinson, Charles, 1869-1962  Search this
Hopper, Edward, 1882-1967  Search this
Johns, Jasper, 1930-  Search this
Kline, Franz, 1910-1962  Search this
Knox, Seymour H., 1898-1990  Search this
Kroll, Leon, 1884-1974  Search this
Kuhn, Walt, 1877-1949  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo, 1889-1953  Search this
Laurent, Robert, 1890-1970  Search this
Lawrence, Jacob, 1917-2000  Search this
Levine, Jack, 1915-2010  Search this
Levy, Julien  Search this
Locke, Charles, 1899-  Search this
Luks, George Benjamin, 1867-1933  Search this
Léger, Fernand, 1881-1955  Search this
Marin, John, Jr., 1915?-1988  Search this
McBride, Henry, 1867-1962  Search this
Mellon, Paul  Search this
Mercer, Henry Chapman  Search this
Montross, N. E. (Newman E), 1849-1932  Search this
Noguchi, Isamu, 1904-1988  Search this
O'Keeffe, Georgia, 1887-1986  Search this
Pascin, Jules, 1885-1930  Search this
Picasso, Pablo, 1881-1973  Search this
Pollock, Jackson, 1912-1956  Search this
Pound, Ezra, 1885-1972  Search this
Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957  Search this
Robinson, Edward G., 1893-1973  Search this
Rockefeller, Abby Aldrich  Search this
Saarinen, Aline B. (Aline Bernstein), 1914-1972  Search this
Saklatwalla, Beram K.  Search this
Sandburg, Carl, 1878-1967  Search this
Shahn, Ben, 1898-1969  Search this
Sheeler, Charles, 1883-1965  Search this
Siporin, Mitchell, 1910-1976  Search this
Soutine, Chaim, 1893-1943  Search this
Steichen, Edward, 1879-1973  Search this
Stein, Gertrude, 1874-1946  Search this
Stella, Frank  Search this
Stern, Louis E., 1886-1962  Search this
Stieglitz, Alfred, 1864-1946  Search this
Tannahill, Robert Hudson  Search this
Vollard, Ambroise, 1867-1939  Search this
Weber, Max, 1881-1961  Search this
Whitney, Gertrude Vanderbilt, 1875-1942  Search this
Williams, William Carlos, 1883-1963  Search this
Wittenberg, Philip, 1895-1987  Search this
Zerbe, Karl, 1903-1972  Search this
Zorach, Marguerite, 1887-1968  Search this
Zorach, William, 1887-1966  Search this
Extent:
436 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
1962-1963
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Edith Halpert conducted 1962-1963, by Harlan Phillips, for the Archives of American Art.
Halpert speaks of her childhood in Russia and growing up in New York City; working at Bloomindale's, Macy's, Stern Brothers, and Cohen Goldman; her marriage to artist Sam Halpert, his health, and living in Paris in 1925; becoming an art student at the Academy of Design and feeling that Leon Kroll was an excellent art teacher until he began to correct her drawings; when George Bridgman thought she was ruining his class; the Lincoln Square Arcade, when she and Ernest Fiener and Robert Brackman would rent Conan's studio evenings and bring in instructors; how Newman Montross influenced her more than anybody about showing her art that she loved; burning all of her work because Kroll said she had no talent; receiving a painting from John Marin; her friendship and working relationship with Abby Rockefeller and other family members.
She recalls opening the Downtown Gallery, in Greenwich Village, in 1926; a brief history of modern art; many artists helping decorate the new Daylight Gallery in 1930 and the first show being called "Practical Manifestations of Art"; meeting Robert and Sonia Delaunay in France; when she refused to allow Ezra Pound to speak at one of the gallery lectures because of his anti-Semite remarks and William Carlos Williams and Ford Madox Ford argued with her over it; experiencing jealousy and professional attacks from other dealers; the successful "Pop" Hart show and book in 1929; the "Thirty-three Moderns" show in 1930 at the Grand Central Galleries; the Jules Pascin show in 1930; in America, most of the art buyers supporters of culture were women, until the WPA and World War II, when it became fashionable for men to be involved; Ambroise Vollard's advice on selling art; handling the frustrations of working in the art field; friendships with Stuart Davis,Charles Sheeler, and Ben Shahn; how artists work through dry periods in their creativity and the "Recurrent Image" show; a discussion on modern art galleries of New York City, such as Daniel, Knoedler, Ferargil, the New Gallery, 291, the Grand Central, Kraushaar, and Montross; her travels through Pennsylvania and Maine for good examples of folk art for the gallery; the "The Artist Looks at Music" show; the non-competitive spirit of the early modern American artists; of being saved financially in 1940 by selling a William Harnett painting to the Boston Museum and then renting new space for the gallery.
Also, Mitchell Siporin bringing Halpert and Edmund Gurry to Mitchell Field during World War II for a camouflage show and consequently Downtown Gallery artists and others were enlisted in the camouflage corps for the U.S. Air Force; Charles Sheeler and his wife find Halpert a house in Newtown, Conn.; her decision in 1933 to push folk art for acquisition by the William Rockhill Nelson Gallery in Kansas City, Missouri; her great concern about what to do with her folk art literature collection; dismay and that no one writes about the history of folk art and those responsible for its creation and popularity; Louis Stern hiring her to organize a municipal exhibit in Atlantic City, N.J., with Donald Deskey designing the furniture and Holger Cahill managing the publicity; Joe Lillie helping her meet Fiorello La Guardia and Joe McGoldrick in 1934 about a municipal show in New York City, but it is moved to Radio City Music Hall through Nelson Rockefeller; the "Salons of America" show; wanting articles written about art for love rather than art for investment; working with Aline Saarinen on her book, "Proud Possessors;" letters from Stuart Davis, William Zorach and others that hurt her feelings; enjoying giving educational lectures and considering retirement because of ill health; the desire to write a book on the history of trade signs in folk art; feeling that the young artists are being ruined by too much support without working for it; planning to write a book entitled, "Unsung Heroes," about artists brave enough to experiment; organizing a show in Russia at her own expense; later representing the U.S. in art at the "American National Exposition"; the agitators and success of the exposition; Alfred Stieglitz and Georgia O'Keeffe.
Halpert also recalls Juliana Force, Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Buckminster Fuller, George Luks, Edsel Ford, Max Weber, Danny Diefenbacker, Hamilton Easter Field, Frank Stella, Glenn Coleman, Margaret Zorach, Diego Rivera, Frida Kahlo, Henry Mercer, Romany Marie, Edward G. Robinson, Paul Mellon, Charles Pollet, Alex Brook, Lunca Curass, Dorothy Lambert, Duncan Candler, Frank Rhen, Louis Rittman, Bea Goldsmith, Arthur Craven, Robert Frost, Philip Wittenberg, Caesar de Hoke, Richard deWolfe Brixey, Seymour Knox, Walt Kuhn, Elisabeth Luther Cary, Charles Locke, Duncan Fergusson, Mrs. Solomon Guggenheim, Bob Tannahill, David Thompson, Marsden Hartley, Erwin Barrie, Robert Laurent, Conger Goodyear, Henry McBride, Edward Hopper, Charles Daniel, William Merritt Chase, Charles Hopkinson, Thomas Hart Benton, Frank Crowninshield, Alfred Barr, Lord Duveen, Jacob Lawrence, John Marin Jr., Karl Zerbe, Franz Kline, Arthur Dove, Julian Levy, Jack Levine, Valentine Dudensing, Peggy Bacon, Stefan Hirsch, Gertrude Stein, Isamu Noguchi, Jasper Johns, Chaim Soutine, B. K. Saklatwalla; Fernand Leger, Pablo Picasso, Ben Shahn, Charles Demuth, Alexander Calder, Jackson Pollock, Edward Steichen, Carl Sandburg, Clement Greenberg, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Edith Halpert (1900-1970) was an art dealer from New York, N.Y.
General:
Originally recorded on 7 tape reels. Reformatted in 2010 as 27 digital wav files. Duration is 32 hrs., 27 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others. The transcript was microfilmed in 1996.
Occupation:
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Economic aspects  Search this
Camouflage  Search this
Folk art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Women art dealers  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.halper62
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw94b057b9a-c3f9-4586-8d44-ee2d58857127
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-halper62
Online Media:

Aline and Eero Saarinen papers, 1906-1977

Creator:
Saarinen, Aline B. (Aline Bernstein), 1914-1972  Search this
Saarinen, Eero, 1910-1961  Search this
Subject:
White, Stanford  Search this
Saarinen, Eero  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Motion pictures (visual works)
Sound recordings
Interviews
Citation:
Aline and Eero Saarinen papers, 1906-1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Architecture -- United States  Search this
Architects -- Michigan -- Bloomfield Hills  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- United States  Search this
Women architectural critics  Search this
Women art critics  Search this
Women art historians  Search this
Theme:
Architecture & Design  Search this
Research and writing about art  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5589
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211237
AAA_collcode_saaralin
Theme:
Architecture & Design
Research and writing about art
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211237
Online Media:

Eero Saainen to his wife Aline Saarinen

Creator:
Saarinen, Eero, 1910-1961  Search this
Saarinen, Aline B. (Aline Bernstein), 1914-1972  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1953 Aug.
Citation:
Eero Saarinen. Eero Saainen to his wife Aline Saarinen, 1953 Aug.. Aline and Eero Saarinen papers, 1906-1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)1127
See more items in:
Aline and Eero Saarinen papers, 1906-1977
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_1127

Illustrated card from Eero Saarinen to Aline Saarinen

Creator:
Saarinen, Eero, 1910-1961  Search this
Saarinen, Aline B. (Aline Bernstein), 1914-1972  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Place:
Spain
Date:
ca. 1955
Citation:
Eero Saarinen. Illustrated card from Eero Saarinen to Aline Saarinen, ca. 1955. Aline and Eero Saarinen papers, 1906-1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)11298
See more items in:
Aline and Eero Saarinen papers, 1906-1977
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_11298

Handwritten card from Eero Saarinen to Aline Saarinen

Creator:
Saarinen, Eero, 1910-1961  Search this
Saarinen, Aline B. (Aline Bernstein), 1914-1972  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
between 1953 and 1961
Citation:
Eero Saarinen. Handwritten card from Eero Saarinen to Aline Saarinen, between 1953 and 1961. Aline and Eero Saarinen papers, 1906-1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)11299
See more items in:
Aline and Eero Saarinen papers, 1906-1977
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_11299

Now Saarinen the son

Creator:
Saarinen, Aline B. (Aline Bernstein), 1914-1972  Search this
Subject:
Saarinen, Eero  Search this
Saarinen, Eliel  Search this
Type:
Printed Materials
Date:
1953 April 26
Citation:
Aline B. (Aline Bernstein) Saarinen. Now Saarinen the son, 1953 April 26. Aline and Eero Saarinen papers, 1906-1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Gateway Arch (Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)11300
See more items in:
Aline and Eero Saarinen papers, 1906-1977
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_11300

Interview with Isamu Noguchi by Aline Saarinen on The Today Show

Creator:
Saarinen, Aline B. (Aline Bernstein), 1914-1972  Search this
National Broadcasting Company  Search this
Subject:
Noguchi, Isamu  Search this
Type:
Sound Recording
Date:
1968
Citation:
Aline B. (Aline Bernstein) Saarinen and National Broadcasting Company. Interview with Isamu Noguchi by Aline Saarinen on The Today Show, 1968. Dorothy Gees Seckler Collection of Sound Recordings Relating to Art and Artists, 1962-1976. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)13834
See more items in:
Dorothy Gees Seckler Collection of Sound Recordings Relating to Art and Artists, 1962-1976
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_13834

Eero Saarinen letter to Aline Saarinen

Creator:
Saarinen, Eero, 1910-1961  Search this
Saarinen, Aline B. (Aline Bernstein), 1914-1972  Search this
Subject:
Saarinen, Lilian Swann  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1953
Citation:
Eero Saarinen. Eero Saarinen letter to Aline Saarinen, 1953. Aline and Eero Saarinen papers, 1906-1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Divorce  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)15327
See more items in:
Aline and Eero Saarinen papers, 1906-1977
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_15327
Online Media:

Eero Saarinen letter to Aline Saarinen

Creator:
Saarinen, Eero, 1910-1961  Search this
Saarinen, Aline B. (Aline Bernstein), 1914-1972  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1953
Citation:
Eero Saarinen. Eero Saarinen letter to Aline Saarinen, 1953. Aline and Eero Saarinen papers, 1906-1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Architectural drawing  Search this
Architecture, American  Search this
Love letters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)15328
See more items in:
Aline and Eero Saarinen papers, 1906-1977
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_15328

Eero Saarinen letter to Aline B. (Aline Bernstein) Saarinen

Creator:
Saarinen, Eero, 1910-1961  Search this
Saarinen, Aline B. (Aline Bernstein), 1914-1972  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
16 May 1953
Citation:
Eero Saarinen. Eero Saarinen letter to Aline B. (Aline Bernstein) Saarinen, 16 May 1953. Aline and Eero Saarinen papers, 1906-1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Love letters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)17594
See more items in:
Aline and Eero Saarinen papers, 1906-1977
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_17594

Envelope

Creator:
Saarinen, Eero, 1910-1961  Search this
Saarinen, Aline B. (Aline Bernstein), 1914-1972  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1953
Citation:
Eero Saarinen. Envelope, 1953. Aline and Eero Saarinen papers, 1906-1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Love letters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)18009
See more items in:
Aline and Eero Saarinen papers, 1906-1977
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_18009
Online Media:

Eero Saarinen letter to Aline B. (Aline Bernstein) Saarinen

Creator:
Saarinen, Eero, 1910-1961  Search this
Saarinen, Aline B. (Aline Bernstein), 1914-1972  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1953 June 3
Citation:
Eero Saarinen. Eero Saarinen letter to Aline B. (Aline Bernstein) Saarinen, 1953 June 3. Aline and Eero Saarinen papers, 1906-1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Love letters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)18448
See more items in:
Aline and Eero Saarinen papers, 1906-1977
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_18448
Online Media:

Eero Saarinen letter to Aline B. (Aline Bernstein) Saarinen

Creator:
Saarinen, Eero, 1910-1961  Search this
Saarinen, Aline B. (Aline Bernstein), 1914-1972  Search this
Subject:
Saarinen, Aline B. (Aline Bernstein)  Search this
Saarinen, Eero  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Place:
Bloomfield Hills, Mich.
Date:
1954
Citation:
Eero Saarinen. Eero Saarinen letter to Aline B. (Aline Bernstein) Saarinen, 1954. Aline and Eero Saarinen papers, 1906-1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Love letters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)20175
See more items in:
Aline and Eero Saarinen papers, 1906-1977
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_20175

Aline B. (Aline Bernstein) Saarinen letter to Eero Saarinen

Creator:
Saarinen, Aline B. (Aline Bernstein), 1914-1972  Search this
Saarinen, Eero, 1910-1961  Search this
Subject:
Saarinen, Aline B. (Aline Bernstein)  Search this
Saarinen, Eero  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Place:
New York, N.Y.
Date:
1953
Citation:
Aline B. (Aline Bernstein) Saarinen. Aline B. (Aline Bernstein) Saarinen letter to Eero Saarinen, 1953. Aline and Eero Saarinen papers, 1906-1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)20177
See more items in:
Aline and Eero Saarinen papers, 1906-1977
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_20177
Online Media:

Eero Saarinen letter to Aline B. Saarinen

Creator:
Saarinen, Eero, 1910-1961  Search this
Saarinen, Aline B. (Aline Bernstein), 1914-1972  Search this
Subject:
Saarinen, Eero  Search this
University of Michigan  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1953
Citation:
Eero Saarinen. Eero Saarinen letter to Aline B. Saarinen, 1953. Aline and Eero Saarinen papers, 1906-1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)3380
See more items in:
Aline and Eero Saarinen papers, 1906-1977
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_3380

Frank Lloyd Wright to Aline B. (Aline Bernstein) Saarinen

Creator:
Wright, Frank Lloyd, 1867-1959  Search this
Saarinen, Aline B. (Aline Bernstein), 1914-1972  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1958 May 24
Citation:
Frank Lloyd Wright. Frank Lloyd Wright to Aline B. (Aline Bernstein) Saarinen, 1958 May 24. Aline and Eero Saarinen papers, 1906-1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)5323
See more items in:
Aline and Eero Saarinen papers, 1906-1977
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_5323
Online Media:

Eero Saarinen letter to Aline Saarinen

Creator:
Saarinen, Eero, 1910-1961  Search this
Saarinen, Aline B. (Aline Bernstein), 1914-1972  Search this
Subject:
Saarinen, Aline B. (Aline Bernstein)  Search this
Saarinen, Eero  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1954
Citation:
Eero Saarinen. Eero Saarinen letter to Aline Saarinen, 1954. Aline and Eero Saarinen papers, 1906-1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Love letters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)8765
See more items in:
Aline and Eero Saarinen papers, 1906-1977
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_8765
Online Media:

Eero Saarinen letter to Aline B. (Aline Bernstein) Saarinen

Creator:
Saarinen, Eero, 1910-1961  Search this
Saarinen, Aline B. (Aline Bernstein), 1914-1972  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1954
Citation:
Eero Saarinen. Eero Saarinen letter to Aline B. (Aline Bernstein) Saarinen, 1954. Aline and Eero Saarinen papers, 1906-1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)8766
See more items in:
Aline and Eero Saarinen papers, 1906-1977
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_8766

Eero Saarinen letter to Aline B. (Aline Bernstein) Saarinen

Creator:
Saarinen, Eero, 1910-1961  Search this
Saarinen, Aline B. (Aline Bernstein), 1914-1972  Search this
Type:
Correspondence
Date:
1953 Apr 10-11
Citation:
Eero Saarinen. Eero Saarinen letter to Aline B. (Aline Bernstein) Saarinen, 1953 Apr 10-11. Aline and Eero Saarinen papers, 1906-1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)9317
See more items in:
Aline and Eero Saarinen papers, 1906-1977
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_9317

Aline and Eero Saarinen papers

Creator:
Saarinen, Aline B. (Aline Bernstein), 1914-1972  Search this
Names:
Saarinen, Eero, 1910-1961  Search this
White, Stanford, 1853-1906  Search this
Extent:
14.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Motion pictures (visual works)
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1906-1977
Summary:
The Aline and Eero Saarinen papers measure approximately 14.2 linear feet and date from 1906 to 1977. The bulk of the collection consists of Aline Saarinen's papers which document her relationship with her husband Eero Saarinen and other aspects of their personal lives, as well as Aline's work as an art and architectural critic, author, and television correspondent. Papers include research files for published and planned books (in which can be found scattered original letters of Stanford White, John Quinn and Edward Root) and other projects, NBC correspondent files, writings, committee files, correspondence, photographs, printed material, and miscellaneous personal papers.
Scope and Content Note:
The Aline and Eero Saarinen papers measure approximately 14.2 linear feet and date from 1906 to 1977. The bulk of the collection consists of Aline Saarinen's papers which document her relationship with her husband Eero Saarinen and other aspects of their personal lives, as well as Aline's work as an art and architectural critic, author, and television correspondent. Papers include research files for published and planned books (in which can be found scattered original letters of Stanford White, John Quinn and Edward Root) and other projects, NBC correspondent files, writings, committee files, correspondence, photographs, printed material, and miscellaneous personal papers.

The portion of the collection relating to personal aspects of Aline and Eero Saarinen's lives consists of: Aline Saarinen's diary, guest book, notebooks, personal writings, biographical material, awards and honorary degrees; scattered papers of Eero Saarinen, including biographical material, drawings of furniture designs, various sketches and drawings, and some project timelines and notes; correspondence between Aline and Eero Saarinen (the bulk of which dates from the year they met and married), as well as general and family correspondence received by Aline Saarinen and some miscellaneous and personal correspondence of Eero Saarinen; printed material, mostly clippings, documenting aspects of the life, work, and achievements of both Aline and Eero Saarinen; and photographs, including ones of Aline Saarinen, Eero Saarinen, Aline and Eero Saarinen together, and family members, as well as ones from various trips and of various residences, and various slides.

The bulk of the collection consists of material, including research and writing files, NBC correspondent files, and committee files, stemming from Aline Saarinen's various professional activities. Writings include manuscripts, typescripts, notes, notecards, and clippings of Aline Saarinen's various articles, lectures and speeches on art and architecture, scripts for television, creative and college writing. Research files include material for Saarinen's published book on art collectors, The Proud Possessors, and her planned, but never completed, biography of the architect, Stanford White. Research material for The Proud Possessors includes files of notes, manuscripts, correspondence, photographs and printed material on art collectors, and related material such as scrapbooks of correspondence and clippings in response to the book. Files also include scattered original material, such as correspondence and photographs, belonging to the collectors, John Quinn and Edward Root. Research material on Stanford White includes correspondence, notebooks, writings, printed material, photographs, and copies of architectural drawings. Also found is scattered original material belonging to Bessie White, Stanford White, and the firm of McKim, Mead and White. NBC material consists of files, including correspondence, printed material, notes, scripts, motion picture films and video transfers, and photographs, kept by Aline Saarinen while working as a television correspondent. Also found are miscellaneous research files on artists that may relate to television or other projects and files stemming from her involvement in various arts-related and other committees.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into two series:

Missing Title

Series 1: Aline and Eero Saarinen Personal Papers, 1928-1977 (Boxes 1-4, 15, OV 16; 3.7 linear feet)

Series 2: Aline Saarinen Professional Papers, 1906-1969 (Boxes 4-15, OV 16, FC 17-18; 10 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Aline Bernstein Saarinen was born on March 25, 1914 in New York City. She attended Vassar College, where she took art courses and became interested in journalism, and graduated with a B.A. in 1935. She went on to receive her M.A. in the history of architecture from the Institute of Fine Arts at New York University in 1941. She married Joseph H. Louchheim in 1935, and they had two sons, Donald and Harry (or Hal). They divorced in 1951.

Aline joined the staff of Art News Magazine in 1944 and served as managing editor from 1946 to 1948. She edited and provided commentary for the book, 5000 Years of Art in Western Civilization, which was published in 1946. She served as associate art editor and critic at The New York Times from 1948 to 1953 and then as associate art critic from 1954 to 1959. She received awards for her newspaper work, including the International Award for Best Foreign Criticism at the Venice Biennale in 1951, the Frank Jewett Mather Award for best newspaper art criticism in 1953, and the American Federation of Arts Award for best newspaper criticism in 1956.

In 1953, Aline interviewed the architect Eero Saarinen for an article. Eero was born in 1910 in Kirkkonummi, Finland, and received his B.F.A. in Architecture from Yale University in 1934. He began work as an architect in his father Eliel Saarinen's firm and went on to start his own firm, Eero Saarinen and Associates. Among his best-known works are the Gateway Arch in St. Louis, Missouri, the Trans World Air Lines Terminal Building at John F. Kennedy Airport in New York, and Dulles International Airport in Chantilly, Virginia.

Aline and Eero became romantically involved shortly after they met and were married in December 1953. The following year, they had a son, Eames (named after Eero's friend, the designer and architect Charles Eames). After their marriage, Aline relocated to Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, where she continued to work as associate art critic for The New York Times and where she served as Director of Information Service in the office of Eero Saarinen and Associates (from 1954 to 1963).

In 1957, she received a Guggenheim Fellowship to work on a book about major American art collectors, The Proud Possessors, which was published by Random House in 1958. Thereafter, she began work on a biography of the architect, Stanford White, also for Random House; this work continued for several years, but the book was never completed. Over the years, she wrote numerous freelance articles on art, architecture, socio-cultural history, travel, and theater for magazines such as Atlantic Monthly, Vogue, Saturday Review of Literature, Reader's Digest, and Cosmopolitan.

After Eero's sudden death in 1961, Aline edited the book, Eero Saarinen on His Work (1962). She then embarked upon a new career in television, appearing on shows such as "Today" and "Sunday" where she reported on manners, morals, culture, and the arts, and eventually becoming, in 1964, an NBC News correspondent for such shows as "The Huntley-Brinkley Report" and "The Frank McGee Report" in addition to the shows on which she was already appearing. In 1971, she was appointed chief of the NBC News Paris Bureau, becoming the first woman to hold such a position in television.

In the 1960s, Aline served on various arts-related committees, including the Design Advisory Committee of the Federal Aviation Administration, the Fine Arts Commission, and the New York State Council of the Arts. She received honorary degrees from the University of Michigan in 1964 and Russell Sage College in 1967.

Aline Saarinen died from a brain tumor on July 13, 1972.

This biographical notes draws from the one on Aline Bernstein Saarinen by Seymour Brody in Jewish Heroes and Heroines of America: 150 True Stories of American Jewish Heroism, and from the one on Eero Saarinen in the Guide to the Eero Saarinen Collection at Yale University Library.
Related Material:
Also found in the Archives are: the Museum of Modern Art exhibition correspondence concerning Eero Saarinen, 1958-1959; the Lily Swann Saarinen papers, 1924-1974; an oral history interview with Lily Swann Saarinen, 1979-1981; and an oral history interview on Aline Saarinen with Charles Alan, 1973 February 17.

Other related material includes: Eero Saarinen Collection, Manuscripts and Archives, Yale University Library.
Separated Material:
Two exhibition catalogs and various clippings that were donated as part of the collection were transferred to the Smithsonian American Art Museum Library in 1981.
Provenance:
The Aline and Eero Saarinen papers were donated in 1973 by Charles Alan, Aline Saarinen's brother and executor of her estate, and microfilmed. In 1966 five photographs of Eliel Saarinen's home in Helsinki, Finland were donated by Florence Davis and were subsequently integrated into the collection. The NBC material was donated in 1974 by NBC Studios via Charles Alan. Additional material, which had originally been donated to the Parrish Museum by Aline Saarinen, was donated to the Archives in 1991 by the Museum.
Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website. Use of material not digitized requires an appointment.
Rights:
NBC TV scripts or film prepared for television: Authorization to publish, quote or reproduce requires written permission from NBC Studios. Contact Reference Services for more information.
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Architectural historians -- Michigan  Search this
Topic:
Architecture -- United States  Search this
Architects -- Michigan -- Bloomfield Hills  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting -- United States  Search this
Women architectural critics  Search this
Women art critics  Search this
Women art historians  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Motion pictures (visual works)
Sound recordings
Interviews
Citation:
Aline and Eero Saarinen Papers, 1906-1977. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.saaralin
See more items in:
Aline and Eero Saarinen papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9ab34d23d-c985-4fd3-a40e-682175cb4a4d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-saaralin
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