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Ernst Herzfeld Papers

Topic:
Papyrus
Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Kaiser-Friedrich-Museum  Search this
Verlag Philipp von Zabern  Search this
Anistas Mari, al-Karmili, ab, 1866-1947  Search this
Becker, Carl Heinrich, 1876-1933  Search this
Bell, Gertrude Lowthian, 1868-1926  Search this
Berchem, Max van, 1863-1921  Search this
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Krefter, Friedrich, 1898-1995  Search this
Meyer, Eduard, 1855-1930  Search this
Sarre, Friedrich Paul Theodor, 1865-1945  Search this
Extent:
150 Linear feet (circa 30,000 items)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Blueprints
Journals (accounts)
Photographs
Clippings
Notebooks
Drawings
Sketchbooks
Articles
Paper squeezes
Correspondence
Diaries
Sketches
Rubbings
Place:
Turkey
Mesopotamia
Bakun, Tall-e (Iran)
Iran
Iraq
Lebanon
Persepolis (Iran)
Pasargadae (Extinct city)
Taq-e Bostan Site (Iran)
Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq)
Syria
Date:
1903-1947
Summary:
An outstanding scholar in the field of Iranian studies, Ernst Herzfeld (1879--1948) explored all phases of Near Eastern culture from the prehistoric period to Islamic times. This collection documents Herzfeld's excavations at Samarra, Persepolis, Pasargadae, and Aleppo and includes correspondence; field notebooks; drawings; sketchbooks; inventories of objects; "squeeze" copies of architectural details; and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
Papers (1899--1962) of German born archaeologist Ernst Emil Herzfeld (1879--1948), a preeminent scholar of Near Eastern and Iranian studies. The collection measures 150 linear feet (circa 30,000 items) and documents Herzfeld's work as a pioneer in the field and sheds light on his excavations at Samarra, Persepolis, Pasargadae, and Aleppo. Formats include correspondence; field notebooks; drawings; sketchbooks; inventories of objects; "squeeze" copies of architectural details; and photographs.
Arrangement:
This collection is organized into seven series.

Series 1: Travel journals

Series 2: Sketchbooks

Series 3: Notebooks

Series 4: Photographic files 1-42

Series 5: Drawings and maps

Series 6: Squeezes

Series 7: Samarra Expedition
Biographical / Historical:
The Ernst Herzfeld Papers document the career of Ernst Herzfeld (1879--1948), a German architect, archaeologist, and historian of Islamic and Pre-Islamic studies. After training as an architect he studied archaeology under Delitzch from 1903 to 1906 at the excavations at Assur in Mesopotamia. A student of Latin, Greek, Arabic, Persian, Turkish, and Hebrew, Herzfeld received a doctorate in Humanistic Studies at universities in Munich and Berlin in 1907. His work with Friedrich Sarre to survey the monuments of the Tigris-Euphrates valleys resulted in landmark studies in architectural history, published in 1911 and 1920.

In 1920 Herzfeld was appointed to the chair of Historical Geography in Berlin and began his excavation at Samarra. Herzfeld's work there led to a six-volume publication. He published widely throughout his life on the sources of Islamic architecture and ornament, including the Royal Palace at Persepolis.

From 1934 until the end of his life Herzfeld spent his time producing many books and articles, lecturing, and working at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton (1936--1945.) Many of his works continue to be published post-humously.

1879 July 23 -- Born in Celle, Germany.

1897 -- Received diploma from Joachimsthaler Gymnasium, Berlin.

1897-circa 1898 -- Fulfilled military service.

circa 1899 -- Studied architecture at the Technical University and Assyriology, art history, and philosophy at the Friedrich-Wilhems Universität in Berlin.

1903 -- Passed exam in structural engineering.

1903-1905 -- Assistant to Walter Andrae (1875-1956) in Assur.

1905-1906 -- Traveled throughout Iran and Iraq.

1907 -- Excavation in Cilicia. Passed oral exam in February. Awarded doctorate in Humanistic Studies by Friedrich-Wilhems Universtät zu Berlin. After receiving Ph.D. traveled extensively in Syria and Iraq with Friedrich Sarre, director of the Islamic Museum in Berlin.

1910 -- Herzfeld and Sarre jointly publish, Iranische Felsreliefs (Berlin, 1910).

1911-1913 -- Field Director under direction of Sarre during expedition to Samarra.

circa 1914 -- Drafted into service in France and Poland during World War I. Sent to Iraq where he functioned as a surveyor.

1916 -- Father died.

1917 -- Appointed associate professor for Historical Geography and Art History of the Ancient Orient at Berlin. Along with Friedrich Sarre and others, founded the German-Persian Society to increase cultural and economic exchange between Germany and Persia.

1920 -- Appointed world's first full professor of Near Eastern Archeology. Begins excavation at Samarra.

1922 -- Mother died.

1923-1934 -- In Persia, where he completed many excavations and studies.

1928 -- Excavation at Pasargadae.

1931-1934 -- Appointed director of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago and moved to Persepolis.

1934 -- As grandson of Jews, Nazi legislation expelling state employees of Jewish descent forced Herzfeld to retire as a professor employed by the state. Moved to London.

1936 -- Delivered Lowell Lectures. Moved to Boston. Lectured on Iranian history and appointed a member of the Princeton Institute for Advanced Study.

1944 -- Retired from Princeton University.

1948 January 20 -- Died.
Provenance:
Ernst Herzfeld donated his papers to the Freer Gallery of Art in 1946.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Ayyubids  Search this
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
History  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Pottery  Search this
Description and Travel  Search this
Decoration and ornament  Search this
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Aerial photography  Search this
Abbasids  Search this
Religious buildings  Search this
Numismatics  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Architectural drawing  Search this
Genre/Form:
Blueprints
Journals (accounts)
Photographs
Clippings
Notebooks
Drawings
Sketchbooks
Articles
Paper Squeezes
Correspondence
Diaries
Sketches
Rubbings
Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-fsa-a-06
Online Media:

A medieval Islamic city reconsidered : an interdisciplinary approach to Samarra / edited by Chase F. Robinson

Author:
Robinson, Chase F  Search this
University of Oxford Faculty of Oriental Studies Board  Search this
Physical description:
206 p. : ill., maps, plans ; 26 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Iraq
Sāmarrāʼ
Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq)
Date:
2001
C2001
Topic:
Islamic architecture  Search this
Cities and towns, Medieval--History  Search this
History  Search this
Call number:
NA380 .M43 2001
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_852958

Die Keramik von Samarra / Friedrich Sarre ; unter Mitwirkung von Ernst Herzfeld, mit Beiträgen vom Materialprüfungsamt der technischen Hochschule, Berlin, und von Hans Arnold

Author:
Sarre, Friedrich Paul Theodor 1865-1945  Search this
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948  Search this
Arnold, Hans  Search this
Technische Hochschule Berlin  Search this
Physical description:
ix, 103 p., [39] leaves of plates : ill. (some col.) ; 32 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Iraq
Sāmarrāʼ
Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq)
Date:
1925
Topic:
Pottery  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Call number:
738.55 .S24
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_863324

Excavation of Samarra / Thomas Leisten

Author:
Leisten, Thomas  Search this
Physical description:
v. <1 > : ill., maps, plans ; 36 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Iraq
Sāmarrāʼ
Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq)
Date:
2003
2003-
Topic:
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Call number:
DS79.9.S3 L45 2003
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_865402

Geschichte der Stadt Samarra

Author:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948  Search this
Physical description:
290 p. illus., plates (part in pocket) maps (part fold.) 34 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq)
Date:
1948
Topic:
Islamic art  Search this
History  Search this
Call number:
DS51.S2 H58
DS51.S2H58
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_124531

Samarra; aufnahmen und untersuchungen zur islamischen archaeologie, von Ernst Herzfeld

Author:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 92 p. illus., 8 pl. (incl. fold. map, plan) 32 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq)
Date:
1907
Topic:
Antiquities  Search this
Call number:
DS51.S2 H5X
DS51.S2H5X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_125498

Der Wandschmuck der Bauten von Samarra und seine Ornamentik / Mit 321 Textbildern und 101 Tafeln

Author:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 236 p., 1 ℓ. illus., CI pl. (part fold., part col.) 32 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq)
Date:
1923
Topic:
Islamic decoration and ornament  Search this
Mural painting and decoration  Search this
Call number:
ND2819.I7 H58
723.3 .H5
ND2819.I7H58
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_133011

Die vorgeschichtlichen töpfereien von Samarra; mit 240 textbildern und 47 tafeln, darunter 6 in farbendruck

Author:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948  Search this
Physical description:
vii, 110 p. illus., XLVII pl. (6 col.) 32 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Iraq
Samarra
Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq)
Date:
1930
Topic:
Pottery  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Call number:
NK3820 .H58
NK3820.H58
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_133012

Erster vorläufiger Bericht über die Ausgrabungen von Samarra / von Ernst Herzfeld ; mit einem Vorwort von Friedrich Sarre ; Herausgegeben von der General-Verwaltung der Königlichen Museen

Author:
Herzfeld, Ernst 1879-1948  Search this
Physical description:
49 p., [15] leaves of plates : ill., map, plans ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq)
Date:
1912
Topic:
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_957949

The historical topography of Samarra / Alastair Northedge

Author:
Northedge, Alastair  Search this
Physical description:
375 p., [48] p. of plates : ill., maps ; 30 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq)
Date:
2007
Topic:
History  Search this
Geography  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_978299

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