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United States Army Medical Museum photographs of skulls

Creator:
Army Medical Museum (U.S.)  Search this
Collector:
Billings, John Shaw, 1838-1913  Search this
Hayden, F. V. (Ferdinand Vandeveer), 1829-1887  Search this
Matthews, Washington, 1843-1905  Search this
Palmer, Edward, 1829-1911  Search this
Putnam, F. W. (Frederic Ward), 1839-1915  Search this
Rolleston, George, 1829-1881  Search this
Schumacher, Paul J. F.  Search this
Depicted:
Guiteau, Charles J. (Charles Julius), 1841-1882  Search this
Extent:
100 Negatives (circa, glass)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Ute  Search this
Chinook  Search this
Choptank Indians -- depicted  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Eskimos -- depicted  Search this
Tonkawa  Search this
Africans -- United States -- depicted  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Taiwan aborigines -- depicted  Search this
Pomo  Search this
Taiwanese -- depicted  Search this
Pueblo  Search this
Nisqually  Search this
Hawaiians -- depicted  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives
Photographs
Date:
probably 1870s-1880s
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs of skulls in the United States Army Medical Museum collection, which appear to have been collected for physical anthropological purposes. Included are archeological remains and remains of Native American tribes and some other ethnic groups. Other than tribe or location, data for the specimens include Army Medical Museum specimen number, AMM negative number, and sex; for some, there is also collection data and information on physical or medical conditions. There are also notes identifying donors who included army officers, physicians, scientists, and explorers such as Ferdinand Vandiveer Hayden, Edward Palmer, Frederic Ward Putnam, George Rolleston, Paul Schumacher, and many others. Some of the photographs may have been made as part of the Army Medical Museumʹs program of distributing images of its specimens.

Represented are Africans, Chinook, Choptank, Dakota, Eskimo of Greenland, Taiwanese peoples, Hawaiians, Hidatsa, Nisqually, Philippine peoples, Ponca, Potowatomi, Pueblo, Tonkawa, and Ute. Archeological specimens are from the Aleutian Islands, California, the Dakotas, England (Roman period), Florida, Illinois, Mississippi, New Mexico, Peru, Vancouver Island, and Vermont. For some, there is also information about the status or physical condition of the individual or observations of medical conditions shown in the specimens. Some additional photographs appear to show specimens at the American Museum of Natural History.
Biographical/Historical note:
The United States Army Medical Museum (AMM, renamed the National Museum of Health and Medicine in 1989) was established by US Army Surgeon General William A. Hammond in 1862. Its initial focus was on collecting specimens of unusual pathology, mostly taken from victims of the American Civil War. By 1867, the museum had expanded to include medical, microsopical, anatomical, comparative anatomics, and other sections. The anatomical collection grew in part as a result of Circular No. 2 of 1867, which authorized military medical officers to collect cranial specimens from deceased Native Americans. Additionally, the AMM made an arrangement with the Smithsonian Institution, by which the Smithsonian transferred their collection of human remains in exchange for ethnological artifacts. AMM photographed and measured many of the specimens in its collection as part of the museum's anthropological research.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 73-26C, NAA Photo Lot 73-26D
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Photographs previously filed in Photo Lot 73-26D have been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 73-26C. These are also Army Medical Museum negatives of skulls and form part of this collection.
Additional Army Medical Museum photographs of skulls can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 6A, Photo Lot 6B, Photo Lot 78-42, Photo Lot 83-41, and Photo Lot 97.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 73-26C, United States Army Medical Museum photographs of skulls, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.73-26C
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-73-26c

30: Rolleston, George (1829-1881), undated [SI Neg. #85-4456]

Collection Creator::
Carus, Julius Victor, 1823-1903  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 4
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7315, Julius Victor Carus Photograph Album Collection
See more items in:
Julius Victor Carus Photograph Album Collection
Julius Victor Carus Photograph Album Collection / Series 1: Julius Victor Carus Photograph Album, circa 1854-1902 and undated / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7315-refidd1e583

Forms of animal life; being outlines of zoological classification based upon anatomical investigation and illustrated by descriptions of specimens and of figures, by George Rolleston ..

Author:
Rolleston, George 1829-1881  Search this
Physical description:
clxviii, 268 p. XII pl., fold. tab. 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1870
Topic:
Zoology  Search this
Call number:
QL47.R75X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_240839

British barrows: a record of the examination of sepulchral mounds in various parts of England, by William Greenwell ... together with description of figures of skulls, general remarks on prehistoric crania and an appendix, by George Rolleston ..

Author:
Greenwell, William 1820-1918  Search this
Rolleston, George 1829-1881  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 763 p. illus. 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
England
Great Britain
Date:
1877
C1877
Topic:
Mounds  Search this
Craniology  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Call number:
GN796.G7G7X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_253898

Scientific papers and addresses, by George Rolleston ... Arranged and ed. by William Turner ... with a biographical sketch by Edward B. Tylor ... With portrait, plates, and woodcuts ..

Author:
Rolleston, George 1829-1881  Search this
Turner, Wm (William) Sir 1832-1916  Search this
Tylor, Edward B (Edward Burnett) 1832-1917  Search this
Physical description:
2 v. front. (port.) illus., V. pl. 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Great Britain
Date:
1884
Topic:
Zoology  Search this
Anatomy, Comparative  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Call number:
QH9 .R75
QH9.R75
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_165477

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