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Division of Cultural History Judaica Collection

Donor:
Cohen, Henry, Reverand  Search this
Ahlborn, Richard E., 1933-2015  Search this
Harris, Michael  Search this
Deinard, Ephraim  Search this
Adler, Cyrus, 1863-1940  Search this
Luchs, Leopold  Search this
Lipkowitz, Sylvia E.  Search this
Marks, Michael Neil  Search this
Marks, Cara Goldberg  Search this
Howland, S. S.  Search this
Hartogensis, Henry S.  Search this
Krauss, S., Father  Search this
Kantrowitz, J.H.  Search this
Neeman, Zipora  Search this
Sulzberger, Mayer, 1843-1923  Search this
Sulzberger, S.  Search this
Extent:
22 Cubic feet (32 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Eulogies
Etchings
Lithographs
Letters
Ketubahs
Greeting cards
Prayers
Photographs
Petitions
Manuscripts
Posters
Poems
Proclamations
Prints
Sermons
Sukkah decorations
Wills
Envelopes
Betrothal contracts
Calendars
Receipts
Amulets
Divorce records
Engravings
Certificates
Deeds
Place:
Russia
Palestine
Syria
Slovakia
Crimea
France
India
Israel
Germany
Holland
Italy
Date:
1639-1980
Scope and Contents:
The collection is a compilation of gifts from numerous donors, of documents relating to Judaism in numerous countries and the United States. Documents include betrothal contracts, bills of divorcement, eulogies, memorial plaques, candle labels, Jewish calendars, sukkah decorations, certificates of ritual slaughter, prayers, poems, sermons, and other types of documents.
Arrangement:
Collection is unarranged.
Historical Note:
The Judaica Collection at the Smithsonian is the oldest of its type in the United States. The archival collection is comprised of various documents, prints, sukkah decorations, marriage contracts, and memorial candle labels from Europe and the Middle East. The bulk of the collection was transferred in the 1960's to the National Museum of History and Technology (later, the National Museum of American History). A portion of the collection (artifact-related) still resides in the National Museum of Natural History. For a detailed description of items found in the collection see Cohen Grossman, Grace and Richard Ahlborn. "Judaica at the Smithsonian: Cultural Politics as Cultural Model." Smithsonian Studies in History and Technology, Number 52, 1997.

The first Judaica collections were acquired by the Smithsonian specifically for the World's Columbian Exposition in 1890. The next large Judaica collection was acquired in 1902 with the purchase of a torah case and Sukkah ornaments from Ephraim Deinard, bibliophile, Hebrew author and independent book dealer. A native of Latvia, Deinard immigrated to the United States in 1888. By 1913, Deinard had amassed a large collection of Judaica from Europe and the Middle East. He eventually deposited, between 1920 and 1927, almost 600 objects to the Smithsonian. The collection remained on loan until 1955 when Deinard's heirs donated the collection. It was 10 years later with the opening of the National Museum of History and Technology (National Museum of American History), that there was a renewed interest in collecting Judaica objects. A small number of Judaica objects have been acquired since then. The archival collection is housed at the Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Related Materials:
Cohen Grossman, Grace and Richard Ahlborn. "Judaica at the Smithsonian: Cultural Politics as Cultural Model." Smithsonian Studies in History and Technology, Number 52, 1997.

See: https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/2452
Separated Materials:
This collection has related artifacts in the Division of Home and Community Life.
Provenance:
The collection was donated by the following donors:

J.H. Kantrowitz.,Purchase,1889; Mrs. S. Sulzberger, Gift; Leopold Luchs, Gift; Dr. Cyrus Adler ,Gift; Mayer Sulzberger, Purchase; Rev. Henry Cohen, Gift.,1897; William Wesley and Son, Purchase; Father S. Krauss, Gift.,1902; S.S. Howland, Bequest.,1902; Ephraim Deinard, Purchase.,1902; Mrs. Simon Kann,Gift.,1920; Henry S. Hartogensis,Gift,1920; Ms. L. Lieberman,Gift,1924; Ephraim Deinard,Gift; Cara Goldberg Marks, Michael Neil Marks.,Gift; Michael Harris, Gift, 1982; Richard E. Ahlborn,Gift, 1986; Sylvia E. Lipkowitz, Gift, 1987; and Neeman, Zipora,Gift, 1988.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Jewish funeral rites and ceremonies  Search this
Jewish mourning customs  Search this
Art, Jewish  Search this
Jewish art and symbolism  Search this
Jews -- Social life and customs  Search this
Judaism  Search this
Genre/Form:
Eulogies
Etchings
Lithographs
Letters
Ketubahs
Greeting cards
Prayers
Photographs -- 19th century
Petitions
Manuscripts
Posters
Poems
Proclamations
Prints
Sermons
Sukkah decorations
Wills
Envelopes
Betrothal contracts
Calendars
Receipts
Amulets
Divorce records
Engravings
Certificates
Deeds
Citation:
Division of Cultural History Judaica Collection, 1639-1980, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1160
See more items in:
Division of Cultural History Judaica Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1160
Online Media:

Ceremony honoring a chief's son who has killed a lion with a spear. 10474 Interpositive

Topic:
EAST AFRICAN HUNTING TRIP
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (5" x 8")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Africa
Local Numbers:
RSN 24097
General:
Currently stored in box 3.2.36 [31].
Copy and Version Identification Note:
115361
Collection Restrictions:
The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Rites and ceremonies  Search this
hunters  Search this
Jungles  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 24081-24180
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref21864

The Gelede masked dance and Ketu society : the role of the transvestite masquerade in placating powerful women while maintaining the patrilineal ideology

Author:
Babatunde, Emmanuel D  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Benin
Date:
1988
Topic:
Gelede (Yoruba rite)  Search this
Gelede dance  Search this
Cross-dressing in art  Search this
Ketu masquerades  Search this
Masks, Yoruba  Search this
Call number:
GN654.A4 T332
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_514042

Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection

Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Extent:
6567 Slides (photographs) (11 Binders, color)
14 Documents (1 Binder)
Culture:
Yoruba (African people)  Search this
Nigerians  Search this
Tuaregs  Search this
Fulani  Search this
Nuba  Search this
Igbo (African people)  Search this
Turkana  Search this
Pokot  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Documents
Color slides
Photographic prints
Photographs
Place:
Nigeria
Africa
Lagos (Nigeria)
Date:
1961-circa 2005
Summary:
The collection consists of 6,567 color slides taken by Dr. Marilyn Houlberg during various field studies among the Yoruba in southwest Nigeria between 1961 and circa 2005. The images depict Yoruba art and culture with a special focus on artisans, art objects, body arts, costume, festivals, hairstyles, indigenous photography, weaving and textiles. Cultural events depicted include Balufon festivals, Egungun and Gelede masquerades, social events (weddings, christenings, funerals), and religious ceremonies (initiation and animal sacrifice). Also included are various scenes of daily life, architecture, food preparation, markets, portraits and landscapes. Houlberg extensively documented Yoruba artists in the process of creating their art, including carvers Yesufu Ejigboye, Runshewe, and Lamidi Fakeye, as well as the final pieces themselves. Houlberg documentated art in situ, such as Yoruba house posts, shrines, wall art and wood doors and art objects, including Gelede masks, Ibeji (twin) and Eshu figures, Osanyin staffs, and Ogboni and Shango shrines. Manuscript and printed materials, including Houlberg's resume, thesis, and numerous published articles are also available in this collection.
Scope and Contents note:
This 6,567 slide collection documents Houlberg's studies in Southwestern Nigeria spanning from 1961 to circa 2005. The collection primarily includes photos of people, including the Ogboni, Pokot, Yoruba, Turkana and Igbo, shrines, festivals and rituals, art objects, and artists. A particular strength of the collection are photos of Balufon festivals, Egungun and Gelede masquerades, social events (weddings, christenings, funerals), and religious ceremonies (initiation and animal sacrifice). Also included are various scenes of daily life, architecture, food preparation, markets, portraits and landscapes. Houlberg mostly photographed in Ilishan, Ikenne, Ilara, Shagamu, Lagos, Ijebu-Ode, and Egbe.

Houlberg extensively documented Yoruba artists in the process of creating their art, including carvers Yesufu Ejigboye, Runshewe, and Lamidi Fakeye, as well as the final pieces themselves. Houlberg documentated art in situ, such as Yoruba house posts, shrines, wall art, wood doors and art objects, including Gelede masks, Ibeji (twin) and Eshu figures, Osanyin staffs, and Ogboni and Shango shrines. Several Yoruba art forms, including photography, scarification tattoos, and textiles (both cloth and dress), are represented in the collection. Additionally, there are numerous slides of Yoruba hairstyles, many of which she published in her article, Social Hair: Tradition and Change in Yoruba Hairstyles in Southwestern Nigeria.

Yoruba ritual specialists, such as Ife-olu Solaru, Olufunke, and Yesufu Ejigboye, appear frequently throughout the collection. Houlberg documented her many stays with these individuals over the years.

There is also one binder of manuscript and printed materials, including Houlberg's resume, thesis, and numerous published articles.
Arrangement note:
The collection is organized into 29 series according to subject. The series descriptions correspond with particular subjects used in Houlberg's teaching and lectures. All slides were kept in the order in which they were donated.

Series 1: African Hairstyles, circa 1973-1994 (Binder 1; 212 slides)

Series 2: Egungun Festival, 1961-circa 1988 (Binder 1; 362 slides)

Series 3: Gelede, circa 1969-circa 1989 (Binder 2; 301 slides)

Series 4: Ibeji Twins, circa 1969-circa 1990 (Binders 2-3; 854 slides)

Series 5: Ogboni Art Objects and Shrines, circa 1969-circa 1982 (Binder 4; 92 slides)

Series 6: Art Objects Depicting Ogun, circa 1969-circa 1983 (Binder 4; 56 slides)

Series 7: Olojufoforo Art and Festivities, circa 1968-circa 1975 (Binder 4; 21 slides)

Series 8: Yoruba People, Architecture, and Art, circa 1969-circa 1985 (Binder 4; 260 slides)

Series 9: Carving, Art Objects and Artists, and Scenes of Daily Life, circa 1973-circa 1988 (Binder 4; 201 slides)

Series 10: Yoruba Art, circa 1971-circa 1983 (Binder 5; 49 slides)

Series 11: Yoruba Textiles, circa 1973-circa 1983 (Binder 5; 84 slides)

Series 12: Yoruba, Miscellaneous, circa 1967-circa 1989 (Binder 5; 251 slides)

Series 13: African Art, Textiles People, and Dwellings, circa 1963-circa 1983 (Binder 6; 58 slides)

Series 14: Ibo Mbari and Igbo Peoples and Artwork, circa 1967-circa 1985 (Binder 6; 212 slides)

Series 15: Art and Ceremonies, circa 1967-circa 1991 (Binder 6; 493 slides)

Series 16: Body Arts, Nuba People (Sudan) and Fulani and Bororo People (Niger), circa 1973-circa 1979 (Binder 7; 64 slides)

Series 17: People, Scenic Views and Animals of Kenya, Sudan, Angola, and Ghana, circa 1972-circa 1985 (Binder 7; 168 slides)

Series 18: Peoples and Arts of Ghana, Mali, and the Ivory Coast, circa 1966-circa 1992 (Binder 7; 406 slides)

Series 19: Published Maps and Photos, circa 1968-circa 1985 (Binder 8; 70 slides)

Series 20: Nigerian Masks and Art Objects, circa 1967-circa 1978 (Binder 8; 396 slides)

Series 21: Yoruba Festivals, People, and Art in Nigeria, circa 1967-circa 1988 (Binders 8-9; 128 slides)

Series 22: Yoruba Photography and Textiles, circa 1975-circa 1983 (Binder 9; 54 slides)

Series 23: Ife-Olu, Ilishan, circa 1980-circa 1988 (Binder 9; 87 slides)

Series 24: Yoruba Festivals, People, Hairstyles, Ibeji Objects, Eshu Figures, and Oya and Orishala Priests, Priestesses, and Shrines, circa 1966-circa 1988 (Binder 9; 168 slides)

Series 25: Shango, circa 1970-circa 1983 (Binder 10, 162 slides)

Series 26: Ara Festival, 1975 (Binder 10; 174 slides)

Series 27: Ceremonies and Festivals, Portraits, Art and Ceremonial Objects, Domestic and Market Scenes, circa 1969-circa 2005 (Binders 10-11; 759 slides)

Series 28: Yoruba Art Objects, and Domestic, Work, and Festival Scenes, circa 1971-circa 1983 (Binder 11; 104 slides)

Series 29: Manuscript and Printed Materials, 1973-circa 2005 (Binder 12)
Biographical/Historical note:
Artist, anthropologist, and art historian Dr. Marilyn Hammersley Houlberg was born in Chicago, Illinois, in 1939. Houlberg received an Associate of Arts degree from Wright Junior College (1959) and a BFA from the University of Chicago (1963). After graduating, she traveled to North Africa and explored Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt. In 1964, Houlberg researched Haitian art, religion, and indigenous photography in Haiti and in 1965 was awarded a scholarship for graduate study from the University of Chicago. There she completed her MAT in Art History in 1967. Following graduation, Houlberg worked at the Nigerian Museum in Lagos, where she documented Yoruba sculpture, masquerades, religion, body art, and indigenous photography.

She began her teaching career at the University of Chicago as a lecturer on African art and African civilization, working there from 1971 to 1973. At the University of London, Houlberg earned a Masters in Anthropology, producing the thesis Yoruba Twin Sculpture and Ritual (1973). She also extensively photographed her travels abroad in Yorubaland. Between 1974 and 1990, Houlberg taught at the University of Chicago, Columbia College, Kalamazoo College, and Northwestern University. From 1974 to 2008 she continued teaching at The School of the Art Institute of Chicago, lecturing on Yoruba art and ritual in West Africa and the New World, and the art and ritual of Vodou in Haiti.

Houlberg has lectured worldwide at numerous museums and symposiums since 1972, including in Lagos, Nigeria; Jacmel, Haiti; Toronto, Canada; Salvador, Bahia, Brazil; and Cologne, Germany. Her essays have been published in several issues of African Arts. Some of Houlberg's significant publications include Arts of the Water Spirits of Haitian Vodou, in Sacred Waters: Arts for Mami Wata and Other Divinities in Africa and the Diaspora (2008) and Water Spirits of Haitian Vodou: Lasiren, Queen of Mermaids, in Mami-Wata: Arts for Water Spirits in Africa and the African-Atlantic World (2008). The exhibition Mami-Wata at the Smithsonian National Museum of African Art (2009) featured her photographs.
Provenance:
Marilyn Houlberg, 733 West 18th St., Chicago, IL 60616, Donation, 20050320, 2005-0002
Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Occupation:
Weavers  Search this
Artists  Search this
Topic:
Shrines  Search this
Masks  Search this
Domestic scenes  Search this
Egúngún (Cult)  Search this
Ethnology -- Nigeria  Search this
Gelede (Yoruba rite)  Search this
Hairstyles -- Africa  Search this
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Clothing and dress -- Africa  Search this
Marketplaces  Search this
Masquerades  Search this
Ere ibeji  Search this
Works of art in situ  Search this
Art, African  Search this
Vernacular architecture  Search this
Festivals  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Photographic prints
Photographs
Citation:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria Collection, EEPA 2005-002, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2005-002
See more items in:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-eepa-2005-002

Funeral, Igbo-Ora, Nigeria

Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35mm.)
Culture:
Yoruba (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Nigeria
Africa
Date:
1970
Scope and Contents:
Original title reads,"R6-4, Igbo-Ora funeral."
Local Numbers:
R6-4
General:
Title source: Marilyn Houlberg and EEPA staff based on slide information
Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Email: elisofonarchives@si.edu
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Clothing and dress -- Africa  Search this
Mod. architecture/cityscape -- Photographs  Search this
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Collection Citation:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria Collection, EEPA 2005-002, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2005-002, Item EEPA 2005-0002-00219
See more items in:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection / Series 2: Egungun Festivals / Egungun
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2005-002-ref1237

Funeral, Igbo-Ora, Nigeria

Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35mm.)
Culture:
Yoruba (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Music
Color slides
Place:
Nigeria
Africa
Date:
1970
Scope and Contents:
Original title reads,"R6-5, Igbo-Ora funeral."
Local Numbers:
R6-5
General:
Title source: Marilyn Houlberg and EEPA staff based on slide information
Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Email: elisofonarchives@si.edu
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Clothing and dress -- Africa  Search this
Mod. architecture/cityscape -- Photographs  Search this
Musical instruments  Search this
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Music
Color slides
Collection Citation:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria Collection, EEPA 2005-002, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2005-002, Item EEPA 2005-0002-00220
See more items in:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection / Series 2: Egungun Festivals / Egungun
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2005-002-ref1238

Funeral, Igbo-Ora, Nigeria

Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35mm.)
Culture:
Yoruba (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Nigeria
Africa
Date:
1970
Scope and Contents:
Original title reads,"R6-6, Igbo-Ora funeral."
Local Numbers:
R6-6
General:
Title source: Marilyn Houlberg and EEPA staff based on slide information
Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Email: elisofonarchives@si.edu
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Clothing and dress -- Africa  Search this
Mod. architecture/cityscape -- Photographs  Search this
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Collection Citation:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria Collection, EEPA 2005-002, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2005-002, Item EEPA 2005-0002-00221
See more items in:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection / Series 2: Egungun Festivals / Egungun
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2005-002-ref1239

Egungun [masquerader], Otu, Nigeria

Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35mm.)
Culture:
Yoruba (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Nigeria
Africa
Date:
1970
Scope and Contents:
Original title reads,"R8-2, Egungun at Otu - Carved at Iseyin by Akano in Isalu, Iseyin. Eleru = 'owner of load'."
Local Numbers:
R8-2
General:
Title source: Marilyn Houlberg and EEPA staff based on slide information
Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Email: elisofonarchives@si.edu
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Egúngún (Cult)  Search this
Headdresses -- headgear -- Africa  Search this
Masquerades  Search this
Wood-carving  Search this
Sculpture  Search this
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Clothing and dress -- Africa  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Collection Citation:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria Collection, EEPA 2005-002, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2005-002, Item EEPA 2005-0002-00232
See more items in:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection / Series 2: Egungun Festivals / Egungun
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2005-002-ref1250

[Ilari Egungun headdress, subtype Eleru/Alate], Oyo area, town of Iganna, Nigeria

Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35mm.)
Culture:
Yoruba (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Nigeria
Africa
Date:
1970
Scope and Contents:
This photograph was taken by Dr. Marilyn Houlberg while conducting research among the Yoruba of southwestern Nigeria in 1970-1971, 1973, and 1975. At the time Dr. Houlberg was on a Kress Foundation Research grant and on a Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research grant.
Original title reads,"R9-25, Egungun at Iganna. Owner: Agoare of Iganna, female in foreground."
Publication title reads, "[Fig.] 4. Ilari Egungun headdress, subtype Eleruialate. The carved wooden tray depicts an Ilari, or court messenger, whose triangular crested hairstyle is visible at rear, and his wife, a worshipper of Orisa Oko, God of the farm, as indicated by the double marks on her forehead. They are flanked by two monkey heads. Blood and feathers on the center of the headdress indicate that it has recently recived a chicken sacrifice. Attached to the headdress are appliqued panels of cloth and leather. Iganna, 1970."
Local Numbers:
R9-25
General:
Title source: Marilyn Houlberg and EEPA staff based on slide information
Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Email: elisofonarchives@si.edu
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Egúngún (Cult)  Search this
Headdresses -- headgear -- Africa  Search this
Animals in art -- Monkeys  Search this
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Clothing and dress -- Africa  Search this
Decoration and ornament  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Collection Citation:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria Collection, EEPA 2005-002, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2005-002, Item EEPA 2005-0002-00246
See more items in:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection / Series 2: Egungun Festivals / Egungun
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2005-002-ref1263

Funeral, Ilishan, Nigeria

Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35mm.)
Culture:
Yoruba (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Nigeria
Africa
Date:
1973
Scope and Contents:
Original title reads,"SL 7-3, Ilishan, 10/14/73, Sunday, 6 PM, Funeral of traditional woman at Ilishan, Old woman died 12/13 - Sat. and put into ground - floor in the house - at 9 PM, Sun. nite. Plastic windows on side, coffin empty and Egungun collecting money at main intersection at Ilishan."
Local Numbers:
SL 7-3
General:
Title source: Marilyn Houlberg and EEPA staff based on slide information
Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Email: elisofonarchives@si.edu
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Egúngún (Cult)  Search this
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Clothing and dress -- Africa  Search this
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Collection Citation:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria Collection, EEPA 2005-002, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2005-002, Item EEPA 2005-0002-00249
See more items in:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection / Series 2: Egungun Festivals / Egungun
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2005-002-ref1266

Funeral, Ilishan, Nigeria

Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35mm.)
Culture:
Yoruba (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Nigeria
Africa
Date:
1973
Scope and Contents:
Original title reads,"SL 7-4, Ilishan, 10/14/73, Sunday, Trad. funeral at Ilishan, a priest of some sort with corpe and food on brass bed. Outside house of deceased. Saw this man earlier leading drummers though Ife-olu's comp., he is shown in SL 7-13."
Local Numbers:
SL 7-4
General:
Title source: Marilyn Houlberg and EEPA staff based on slide information
Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Email: elisofonarchives@si.edu
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Egúngún (Cult)  Search this
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Clothing and dress -- Africa  Search this
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Collection Citation:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria Collection, EEPA 2005-002, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2005-002, Item EEPA 2005-0002-00250
See more items in:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection / Series 2: Egungun Festivals / Egungun
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2005-002-ref1267

Funeral, Ilishan, Nigeria

Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35mm.)
Culture:
Yoruba (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Nigeria
Africa
Date:
1973
Scope and Contents:
Original title reads,"SL 7-6, Ilishan, 10/14/73, Sunday, 6 PM, Trad. funeral at Ilishan, guests and family on left. musicians on right - corpse is on brass bed. coffin top is to the right of the bed. (bottom was being carried around town.)"
Local Numbers:
SL 7-6
General:
Title source: Marilyn Houlberg and EEPA staff based on slide information
Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Email: elisofonarchives@si.edu
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Egúngún (Cult)  Search this
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Clothing and dress -- Africa  Search this
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Collection Citation:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria Collection, EEPA 2005-002, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2005-002, Item EEPA 2005-0002-00251
See more items in:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection / Series 2: Egungun Festivals / Egungun
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2005-002-ref1268

Funeral, Ilishan, Nigeria

Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35mm.)
Culture:
Yoruba (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Nigeria
Africa
Date:
1973
Scope and Contents:
Original title reads,"SL 7-7, Ilishan, 10/14/73, Sunday, 6 PM, Egunguns seated to the left side - when looking at the corpse. They have just brought back the coffin with money in it."
Local Numbers:
SL 7-7
General:
Title source: Marilyn Houlberg and EEPA staff based on slide information
Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Email: elisofonarchives@si.edu
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Egúngún (Cult)  Search this
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Clothing and dress -- Africa  Search this
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Collection Citation:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria Collection, EEPA 2005-002, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2005-002, Item EEPA 2005-0002-00252
See more items in:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection / Series 2: Egungun Festivals / Egungun
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2005-002-ref1269

Funeral, Ilishan, Nigeria

Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35mm.)
Culture:
Yoruba (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Nigeria
Africa
Date:
1973
Scope and Contents:
Original title reads,"SL 7-9, Ilishan, 10/14/73, Sunday, 6 PM, Trad. funeral, Ife-olu with 'her family' at funeral. they are guests seated in front of the house.
Local Numbers:
SL 7-9
General:
Title source: Marilyn Houlberg and EEPA staff based on slide information
Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Email: elisofonarchives@si.edu
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Egúngún (Cult)  Search this
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Clothing and dress -- Africa  Search this
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Collection Citation:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria Collection, EEPA 2005-002, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2005-002, Item EEPA 2005-0002-00253
See more items in:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection / Series 2: Egungun Festivals / Egungun
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2005-002-ref1270

Funeral, Ilishan, Nigeria

Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35mm.)
Culture:
Yoruba (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Nigeria
Africa
Date:
1973
Scope and Contents:
Original title reads,"SL 7-10, Ilishan, 10/14/73, Sunday, 6 PM, Trad. funeral, an Egungun getting paid by member of deceased womans family - the one who took it out of the coffin."
Local Numbers:
SL 7-10
General:
Title source: Marilyn Houlberg and EEPA staff based on slide information
Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Email: elisofonarchives@si.edu
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Egúngún (Cult)  Search this
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Clothing and dress -- Africa  Search this
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Collection Citation:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria Collection, EEPA 2005-002, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2005-002, Item EEPA 2005-0002-00254
See more items in:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection / Series 2: Egungun Festivals / Egungun
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2005-002-ref1271

Funeral, Ilishan, Nigeria

Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35mm.)
Culture:
Yoruba (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Nigeria
Africa
Date:
1973
Scope and Contents:
Original title reads,"SL 7-11, Ilishan, 10/14/73, Sunday, 6 PM, Trad. funeral, Egunguns milling around after payment. The one with red and orange striped sleeves had carried coffin in SL 7-3."
Local Numbers:
SL 7-11
General:
Title source: Marilyn Houlberg and EEPA staff based on slide information
Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Email: elisofonarchives@si.edu
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Egúngún (Cult)  Search this
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Clothing and dress -- Africa  Search this
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Collection Citation:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria Collection, EEPA 2005-002, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2005-002, Item EEPA 2005-0002-00255
See more items in:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection / Series 2: Egungun Festivals / Egungun
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2005-002-ref1272

Funeral, Ilishan, Nigeria

Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35mm.)
Culture:
Yoruba (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Nigeria
Africa
Date:
1973
Scope and Contents:
Original title reads,"SL 7-12, Ilishan, 10/14/73, Sunday, 6 PM, Trad. funeral, Egunguns posing, one with red and orange sleeves had carried coffin in SL 7-3."
Local Numbers:
SL 7-12
General:
Title source: Marilyn Houlberg and EEPA staff based on slide information
Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Email: elisofonarchives@si.edu
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Egúngún (Cult)  Search this
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Clothing and dress -- Africa  Search this
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Collection Citation:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria Collection, EEPA 2005-002, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2005-002, Item EEPA 2005-0002-00256
See more items in:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection / Series 2: Egungun Festivals / Egungun
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2005-002-ref1273

Funeral, Ilishan, Nigeria

Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35mm.)
Culture:
Yoruba (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Nigeria
Africa
Date:
1973
Scope and Contents:
Original title reads,"SL 7-13, Ilishan, 10/14/73, Sunday, 6 PM, Trad. funeral, In white - man who officiated at funeral - sat by corpse in SL 7-5 and 6, and led drummers through town at about 4:45 PM."
Local Numbers:
SL 7-13
General:
Title source: Marilyn Houlberg and EEPA staff based on slide information
Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Email: elisofonarchives@si.edu
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Egúngún (Cult)  Search this
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Clothing and dress -- Africa  Search this
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Collection Citation:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria Collection, EEPA 2005-002, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2005-002, Item EEPA 2005-0002-00257
See more items in:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection / Series 2: Egungun Festivals / Egungun
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2005-002-ref1274

Funeral, Ilishan, Nigeria

Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35mm.)
Culture:
Yoruba (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Nigeria
Africa
Date:
1973
Scope and Contents:
Original title reads,"SL 7-14, Ilishan, 10/14/73, Sunday, 6 PM, Trad. funeral, A guest in trad. dress with embroidered gown with his car. he holds ostrich and leather fan,boy in background with bl+wh shirt was at Mayflower yesterday (groovy style)."
Local Numbers:
SL 7-14
General:
Title source: Marilyn Houlberg and EEPA staff based on slide information
Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Email: elisofonarchives@si.edu
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Egúngún (Cult)  Search this
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Clothing and dress -- Africa  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Collection Citation:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria Collection, EEPA 2005-002, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2005-002, Item EEPA 2005-0002-00258
See more items in:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection / Series 2: Egungun Festivals / Egungun
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2005-002-ref1275

Egungun [masquerader], Ikenne, Nigeria

Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Collection Photographer:
Houlberg, Marilyn  Search this
Extent:
1 Slide (col., 35mm.)
Culture:
Yoruba (African people)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Color slides
Place:
Nigeria
Africa
Date:
1975
Scope and Contents:
Original title reads,"75R 2-35, 6/8/75 Sun., Egungun in 75 R2-32-34 at a distance joining a funerary procession."
Local Numbers:
75 R2-35
General:
Title source: Marilyn Houlberg and EEPA staff based on slide information
Restrictions:
Access by appointment only. Email: elisofonarchives@si.edu
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Egúngún (Cult)  Search this
Cultural landscapes  Search this
Mod. architecture/cityscape -- Photographs  Search this
Headdresses -- headgear -- Africa  Search this
Rites and ceremonies -- Africa  Search this
Genre/Form:
Color slides
Collection Citation:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria Collection, EEPA 2005-002, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2005-002, Item EEPA 2005-0002-00309
See more items in:
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection
Marilyn Houlberg Nigeria collection / Series 2: Egungun Festivals / Egungun
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-2005-002-ref1326

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