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Records of Samarra Expeditions

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Dietrich Reimer Verlag (Berlin, Germany)  Search this
Kaiser-Friedrich-Museum  Search this
Verlag Philipp von Zabern  Search this
Anistās Mārī, al-Karmilī, ab, 1866-1947  Search this
Becker, Carl Heinrich, 1876-1933  Search this
Bell, Gertrude Lowthian, 1868-1926  Search this
Berchem, Max van, 1863-1921  Search this
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Meyer, Eduard, 1855-1930  Search this
Sarre, Friedrich Paul Theodor, 1865-1945  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
186 Items (Field notes: drawings, sketches, sketchbooks, correspondence, notebooks, photographs, blueprints, notes, diaries, prints, journals (accounts), publications, articles, clippings, rubbings.)
Type:
Archival materials
Articles
Blueprints
Clippings
Correspondence
Drawings
Diaries
Journals (accounts)
Notebooks
Photographs
Rubbings
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Place:
Asia
Iran
Iraq
Lebanon
Syria
Mesopotamia
Bakun, Tall-e (Iran)
Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq)
Date:
1906-1945
Scope and Contents:
The material from the excavations at Samarra, except for the photographs mounted in Photo Files 19--3, and drawings which are in Series 5: Drawings.
"Two campaigns of excavation at Samarra in Iraq, carried out by Ernst Herzfeld on behalf of the Kaiser Friedrich Museum in Berlin between the years 1911 and 1913 mark the beginning of large-scale archaeological research on Islamic antiquities. During this time, Herzfeld was supported for brief periods by the swiss architect Samuel Guyer, Commander von Ludloff, various technical assistants, and finally Friedrich Sarre, who was the director of the Islamic department at the museum and initiator of the expedition. For most of the time, however, all tasks that today would be divided among a team of archaeologists rested solely on Herzfeld's shoulders: coordinating hundreds of workmen at various sites, measuring buildings, drawing architecture and objects, and cataloging finds, but also negociating with local authorities who were often uncooperative. Still working at a time when the success of a venture such as the Samarra expedition was measured by its spectacular finds in both architecture and precious objects, the immense responsibility for bringing this expedition through the unexplored territories of Islamic archaeology to a successful conclusion presented an enormous physical and psychological challenge. In an effort that from the perspective of modern archaeology must be called Herculean, he excavated and examined nineteen sites [Great Mosque of al-Mutawakkil, Congregational Mosque of Madinat al-Mutawakkiliyya, Shiite Shrine Complex, Qubbat al-Ṣulaibiyya; palaces of Balkuwārā, Ṣūr ʿĪṣā, and the Qaṣr al-ʿĀshiq; the Cemetery at Shabbat al-Hawā; Mausoleum of Imām al-Dūr; Tall al-ʿAlīq; Ḥarba Bridge and finally the residential architecture at al-Quraina, al-Qāṭūn, al-Jubairiyya, and west of Ṣūr ʿĪṣā, and the baths] and collected a stupendous corpus of material, one that in many respects still forms the foundation for our knowledge of the city of Samarra and ʼAbbāsid art in the 3rd/9th centuries. What is astonishing is that Herzfeld himself considered his achievements during the first campaign in Samarra to be merely a dress rehearsal for the more ambitious second campaign which focused on the Dār al-Khilāfa." [Leisten, Thomas, 2003: "Excavation of Samarra, v. I. Architecture : Final report of the first campaign 1910-1912. Verlag Philipp von Zabern, Mainz am Rhein, 2003. Preface, p.IX."]
Arrangement:
135 units of original materials; numbered subseries, kept in the order in which they arrived, and housed in document boxes.
Biographical / Historical:
"Ernst Emil Herzfeld (1879-1948) was an orientalist whose many talents led him to explore all phases of Near Eastern culture, from the prehistoric period to Islamic times and from linguistics and religion to art and architecture." [Margaret Cool Root, 1976: "The Herzfeld Archive of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Metropolitan Museum Journal, Vol. 11, pp. 119-124."]
Local Numbers:
FSA A.06 07
General:
- Title is provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive, Thomas Leisten's publication, "Excavation of Samarra, vol 1," and Alastair Northedge's publication, "An Interpretation of the Palace of the Caliph at Samarra (Dar Al-Khilafa or Jawsaq Al-Khaqani). In Ars Orientalis, Vol. 23."
Series title in Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive reads, "Records of Samarra Expeditions."
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
Field notes related primarly to the two campaigns of excavation at Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq), carried out by Ernst Herzfeld on behalf of the Kaiser Friedrich Museum in Berlin between the years 1911 and 1913.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Papyrus  Search this
Abbasids  Search this
Aerial photography  Search this
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Architectural drawing  Search this
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Decoration and ornament  Search this
Description and Travel  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
History  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Numismatics  Search this
Pottery  Search this
Religious buildings  Search this
Genre/Form:
Articles
Blueprints
Clippings
Correspondence
Drawings
Diaries
Journals (accounts)
Notebooks
Photographs
Rubbings
Sketchbooks
Sketches
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Series 7
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3580e42ce-5d00-4c2c-85db-fcaa3aa760e7
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref10431

Photographic Files

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
3609 Cyanotypes (photographic prints) (b&w, 16 cm. x 21.7 cm)
343 Copy prints (b&w)
3,890 Glass plate negatives (b&w, 13 cm. x 18 cm)
42 Lantern slides (color, 10 cm. x 15 cm)
8,541 Photographic prints (b&w, various dimensions)
Type:
Archival materials
Cyanotypes (photographic prints)
Copy prints
Glass plate negatives
Lantern slides
Photographic prints
Glass negatives
Place:
Asia
Iran
Iraq
Jordan
Lebanon
Syria
Turkey
Mesopotamia
Aleppo (Syria)
Bakun, Tall-e (Iran)
Baʻlabakk (Lebanon)
Bīshāpūr (Extinct city)
Bisutun Site (Iran)
Damascus (Syria)
Fīrūzābād (Iran)
Ḥimṣ (Syria)
Iṣfahān (Iran)
Luristān (Iran)
Nahāvand (Iran)
Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran)
Paikuli (Iraq)
Palmyra (Syria)
Pasargadae (Extinct city)
Persepolis (Iran)
Petra (Extinct city)
Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq)
Sīstān va Balūchistān (Iran)
Taq-e Bostan Site (Iran)
Tripoli (Lebanon)
Date:
1903-1947
1899-1947
Scope and Contents:
The prints are from three sources: (1) those from glass negatives; (2) those from cut film; and (3) those for which there are no negatives.

The Archive contains Herzfeld's glass negatives, numbered from 1 to 3850. Of most of these he had blueprints made which he had arranged in 16 binders by general categories--i.e. Prehistoric pottery, bronzes, stone; Persepolis; Sasanian monuments; Syrian monuments, Persian architecture and landscapes, etc.--irrespective of the number on the negative. These formed the nucleus for the preparation of the Photo Files. The 16 binders of blueprints have been replaced by Photo Files, Nos. 1--6. The prints in each File are arranged in the same order as the blueprints; and the number of the negative is enclosed in parentheses. Following a brief identification, is a reference to the place where the print has been published, if that is the case and such publication has been located.

In addition to the blueprint binders there were three Albums - Photo Files 25 (Sasanian buildings), 27 (Parthian and Sasanian sculptures) and 28 (Pre-Achaemenian monuments and Pasargadae)--in which Herzfeld had arranged prints in a sequence for study or publication purposes. The order in those Photo Files retains that in the Albums.

In addition to the glass negatives, there is an even larger number of cut films. On his archaeological study trips, Herzfeld was accustomed to supplement his photographs on glass plates with photographs on cut film--sometimes of the same subjects, often of other subjects. Some prints to these negative were identified on the back or could be identified from other prints; but in many instances, especially of landscapes, it has not been possible to place them, except in general categories.

Prints from the cut films have been organized, so far as feasible, in groups of related material and placed in the Photo Files of similar subject matter. The negative number appears in the Photo File. Herzfeld also collected prints from many sources for study purposes. Of those there are no negatives, So far as possible, the prints have been identified and placed in the appropriate Photo File.

The Samarra material, Photo Files 19--23, is in a special category. Files 22 and 23 were arranged in Albums labeled "Paläste und Moscheen-I and -II", respectively. The only identification was written on the backs of the prints, glued to the pages of the Albums. These notations have been transferred to the captions in the Photo Files. These two Albums apparently were arranged by Herzfeld with a view to a publication of the architecture of Samarra which was never prepared. The drawings for such a publication are in this collection.

With such a large number of prints, especially in view of the fact that some were arranged in different fashions for different purposes, it is inevitable that there should be some duplication and that related material may be found in several Photo Files. The only way a user can be sure he has not missed material concerning his particular interest is to examine the Photo File Lists where every print is recorded. Inasmuch as scholars study the same monument from different points of view, the fact that a photograph has been published in one context does not diminish its value in another context.

Note: Photo Files 35--42 consist of Oriental Institute prints of which the negatives are in Chicago. The prints may be published only with the written permission of the Oriental Institute.
- "Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 4: Photographic Files," which is composed of b&w glass negatives, color lantern slides, b&w photographic prints (both modern and original), b&w cyanotypes, large format b&w films, and b&w duplicate prints (both modern and original), iwas originally organized into three subseries, the glass n and covers Herzfeld's travels and surveys of the most major archaeological sites in Persia, Mesopotamia and Northern Syria, from 1923 to 1931. It also covers the field activities at Pasargadae (Spring 1928) and of the Persepolis Expedition (1931).
- The Herzfeld Papers in the Archives contains 3,890 glass negatives (FSA A.6 04.GN.0001- to FSA A.6 04.GN.5075), which includes eight sketchbooks (Skizzenbücher I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, and VIII), covers Herzfeld's travels and surveys of the most major archaeological sites in Persia from 1923 to 1924.
The Herzfeld Papers in the Archives contains 3,890 glass negatives, numbered from 1 to 5,066, without any apparent organization. Of most of these, Herzfeld had blueprints made which he had arranged in 16 binders by general categories&#x2014i.e. Prehistoric pottery, bronzes, stone; Persepolis; Sasanian monuments; Syrian monuments, Persian architecture and landscapes, etc.&#x2014irrespective of the number on the negative.
In addition to the glass negatives and blueprints, there are a series of 16 binders made of photographic prints (Photo Files, Nos. 1-16) and three albums (Photo Files, Nos. 25, 27, and 28). As well, approximately 1,069 photographic prints, which have no negatives, arranged in Photo Files 19-23, are in a special category. In File 19, prints of illustrations in Die Ausgrabungen von Samarra, vol. 1: Der Wandschmuck der Bauten von Samarra und seine Ornamentik. In File 20, prints of illustrations in Die Ausgrabungen von Samarra, vol.2: Die Keramik von Samarra von F. Sarre, supplemented by unpublished photos of ceramics. In the same file, prints of illustrations in Die Ausgrabungen von Samarra, vol.6: Die Geschichte der Stadt Samarra. In File 21, prints of illustrations in Die Ausgrabungen von Samarra, vol.3: Die Malereien von Samarra. At the end of the file, there are unpublished photographs. Files 22 and 23 were arranged in Albums labeled "Paläste und Moscheen-I and -II", respectively. These two Albums apparently were arranged by Herzfeld with a view to a publication of the architecture of the palaces, mosques and private houses of Samarra which was never prepared. The only identification, written on the backs of the prints which were glued to the Album page, had a first number in red crayon used in the captions as the negative number. In some cases, an additional number is given in blue crayon, possibly indicating a revision of the list or an alternative negative. The encircled number on the margin gives the position in the Album.
In addition to the glass negatives and the Photo Files, there is an even larger number of cut films and a package of duplicate prints which are, for the most part, unpublished. On his archaeological study trips, Herzfeld was accustomed to supplement his photographs on glass plates with photographs on cut film&#x2014sometimes of the same subjects, often of other subjects.
Arrangement:
- Glass Negatives, numbered from 1 to 5,075, originally stored in 80 wooden boxes of approximately 50 photographs each, are housed in document boxes and stored on shelves.
- Prints are organized in sequential number following publication series, "Die Ausgrabungen von Samarra." They are arranged in photo file folders which are housed in document boxes, and stored on shelves.
Biographical / Historical:
"Ernst Emil Herzfeld (1879-1948) was an orientalist whose many talents led him to explore all phases of Near Eastern culture, from the prehistoric period to Islamic times and from linguistics and religion to art and architecture." [Margaret Cool Root, 1976: "The Herzfeld Archive of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Metropolitan Museum Journal, Vol. 11, pp. 119-124."]
Local Numbers:
FSA A.06 4
General:
Titles are provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Ernst Herzfeld's publications and on Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive.
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
The Papers primarly relate to Herzfeld's survey of the monuments, artifacts, and inscriptions of Western Asia between 1903 and 1947 and particularly to his excavations at Istakhr (Iran), Paikuli (Iraq), Pasargadae (Iran), Persepolis (Iran), Samarra (Iraq) and Kuh-e Khwaja (Iran), as well as various archaeological expeditions throughout Cilicia, Mesopotamia, Northern Syria, and Persia. Additional research material, probably collected by Moritz Sobernheim and Max Freiherr von Oppenheim but preserved by Ernst Herzfeld, was part of a broader project, that of Max van Berchem's "Matériaux pour un Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Abbasids  Search this
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Architectural drawing  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Cartography  Search this
Decoration and ornament  Search this
Description and Travel  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Numismatics  Search this
Pottery  Search this
Relief (Sculpture)  Search this
Religious buildings  Search this
Royalty (Nobility)  Search this
Sassanids  Search this
Shrines  Search this
Textile design  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Glass negatives
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Series 4
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3589ce572-a594-42bf-99d6-d59bb6c660db
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref10847

Naqsh-i Rajab (Iran): Sasanian Rock Relief (Relief IV) Picturing High Priest Kartir and Middle Persian Inscription

Topic:
Early Photography of Iran
Creator:
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Sevruguin, Antoin, 1851-1933  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (photographic print, b&w, 22.5 cm. x 16.2 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Gelatin silver prints
Photographic prints
Place:
Asia
Iran
Date:
ca. 1900
Scope and Contents:
""I, Kartir, am known in the empire for righteousness and eminence, and known to have been of good service and good will to the Yazads and lords. Further I to the Yazads ward this also thus promised, that, if by the help of the Yazads I, Kartir, for the living upon highest rank were made to look then also by me further to the departed ward of heaven and hell the essential features would be outlined (or proclaimed or enlarged) for the sake, also, of these divine services as within the empire they are performed, for the sake of these also. Further, of whatever kind they may be, that were to be outlined by me by way of becoming more authoritative, and that thus, as I had promised to the Yazads. Further by me those which were established, even thus as by me it (was to be done for) heaven and hell, for these services also orthodoxy and heterodoxy (in) their essential features were (to be) outlined. Now for me then, when by the help of the Yazads this also was established, to the departed ward this thus was outlined, then (to) the Yazads of much better service and will have I become. And for my own soul I have become more provident and quiet. And also on these offerings and services which within the empire are performed much more authoritative have I become. And whosoever sees this inscription and reads it, that one for Yazads and lords and his own soul straight and right let him be. And beyond this, also, in the offerings and services and the Mazdayasnian religion, which is now performed for the living, let him become more authoritative. Now another matter; not everyone may issue a command at will. Let it be known what I have decided: There is a heaven and there is a hell. And whoever is a well doer shall go straight to heaven. And whoever is a sinner shall be cast down to hell. And whoever is a well doer and after well doing persistently runs, this one (in) this bone-endowed body good fame and prosperity shall attain and also (in) this bone-endowed spirit orthodoxy shall (he) overtake, as I, Kartir, have attained. Now I have written this inscription for this purpose, that since for me, Kartir, from of yore onward by rulers and lords many fires with (their) magi by imperial deeds were instituted and for me the great glory of my own name on imperial deeds and documents stands written, that whoever in future time imperial documents or deeds or other inscriptions may see, that one should know, that I am Kartir, who (under) Shapur, King of Kings, Kartir the Magupat [Magus-master] and Ehrpat was entitled; and under Hormizd, King of Kings, and Varahran, King of Kings, son of Shapur, Kartir, Ahura Mazda's Magupat was entitled; and under Varahran, [King of] Kings, son of Varahran, Kartir, Soul-savior of Varahran and Ahura Mazda's Magupat was entitled. Written by Buhtak, scribe of Kartir, the Lord."." [Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives, Curatorial Research Assistant]
- On recto of the print, handwritten number (inked, probably by Antoin Sevruguin) reads, "821."
- On recto of the print, scratched handwritten number (inked, probably by Antoin Sevruguin) reads, "51."
- On recto of the print, handwritten caption (probably written by Ernst Herzfeld) reads, "Naqsh i Rajab, Kartīr."
- On verso of the print, handwritten caption (probably written by Antoin Sevruguin) in French reads, "Nashché Radjab près Persepolis."
Arrangement:
The Archive contains Herzfeld's glass negatives which he arranged by general categories into 16 separate Photo files, irrespective of the number on the negative. He also collected photographic prints from many sources for study purposes. So far as possible, Joseph Upton has identified and placed these prints in the appropriate Photo file.
Biographical / Historical:
Antoin Sevruguin (1830s-1933) was an official photographer of the Imperial Court of Iran whose commercial photography studio was one of the most successful in Tehran from the late 1870s to about 1934. The astonishing range of Antoin Sevruguin's photographs, and the prolific output of the studio, provides today's viewer with an important resource for examining the cultural histories and hierarchical elements of Iranian society. They assist the scholar in studying architectural sites that may have been damaged or destroyed, or are unavailable for first-hand investigation. Increasingly, the prints are valued for their artistic elements that may sometimes overshadow their documentary value. Most significantly, Sevruguin's images form part of an ongoing history that links a distant past and place to the present.
Local Numbers:
Box 3, File 5, Folder 8, Image 17

FSA A.6 04.PF.05.v2.355
General:
Title and summary note are provided by Shabnam Rahimi-Golkhandan, FSg curatorial research specialist.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
headgear  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Relief (Sculpture)  Search this
Royalty (Nobility)  Search this
Sassanids  Search this
Genre/Form:
Gelatin silver prints
Photographic prints
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Item FSA A.6 04.PF.05.v2.355
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Ernst Herzfeld Papers / Series 4: Photographic Files / 4.5: Photo File 5: "Persepolis" / 4.5.2: Vol. 2
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3f0cc69b8-5fae-44f2-a55b-bcb71aa7339a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref29947

Travel Journals

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
8 Items (Travel journals, various dimensions)
Type:
Archival materials
Diaries
Place:
Asia
Europe
Croatia
Iran
Iraq
Syria
Turkey
Aleppo (Syria)
Baghdad (Iraq)
Damascus (Syria)
Dāmghān (Iran)
Estakhr (Extinct city)
Fīrūzābād (Iran)
Hamadān (Iran)
Ḥamāh (Syria)
Ḥimṣ (Syria)
Iṣfahān (Iran)
Khark Island (Iran)
Maʻarrat al-Nuʻmān (Syria)
Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran)
Pasargadae (Extinct city)
Persepolis (Iran)
Ray (Iran)
Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq)
Shīrāz (Iran)
Ṭūs (Iran)
Date:
1905-1928
1905-1929
Scope and Contents:
The travel journals are in Herzfeld's handwriting in German. They have been transliterated into typed versions of which each page is faced by a xerox copy of the original, showing sketches and inscriptions.
- "Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 1: Travel journals, 1905-1928" is composed of eight travel journals which contain descriptions of plant and animal life, as well as comments on the countless people Herzfeld encountered, their economic and their social activities. The journals also contain descriptions of the practical daily problems of travel, especially with a caravan; the dreams or nightmares he experienced on sleepless nights; and a great variety of thoughts on politics, people or history which crossed his mind during the sometimes tedious hours of travel. Finally facts with archaeological significance in the narrow sense of ruins, buildings and artifacts, as well as topographical notes for the preparation of maps, were noted to be ultimately incorporated in subsequent finished studies.
- FSA A.6 01.01, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "N-47", provides first an account of a trip (October 25 to November 19, 1928) to Khurramabad (Iran) in which Herzfeld accompanied Reza Shah, and second an account of a trip (February 17 to March 19, 1929) from Tehran (Iran) to Kuh-e Khwaja (Iran).
- FSA A.6 01.02, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "N-81", provides an account of an expedition (September 2 to November 18, 1905) from Assur (Iraq) to Shiraz (Iran) ("Von Kalat Schergat nach Schiraz, 1905").
- FSA A.6 01.03, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "N-82", provides an account of an expedition (November 23 to January 03, 1906) from Shiraz (Iran) to Constantinople (Turkey) ("Von Schiraz nach Teheran und Constantinopel, 1905").
- FSA A.6 01.04, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "N-83", provides an account of an expedition (February 14 to November 14, 1923) from Berlin to Pasargadae (Iran) ("Tagebuch. Persien I, 1923").
- FSA A.6 01.05, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "N-84", provides an account of an expedition (November 15, 1923 to April 30, 1924) from Pasargadae (Iran) to bushire (Iran) ("Tagebuch. Persien II, 1923-1924").
- FSA A.6 01.06, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "N-85", provides an account of an expedition (December 1, 1923 to March 21, 1924) from Kabul (Afghanistan) to Mashhad (Iran) ("Afghanistan -Ostpersien I, 1924-1925").
- FSA A.6 01.07, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "S-7", provides first an account of a roundtrip (June 3 to June 29, 1911) Samarra (Iraq) - Sulaimaniya (Iraq), and second an account of a trip (September 12 to September 19, 1911) from Balad (Iraq) to Seleucia - Ctesiphon ("Samarra Tagebuch 2, Reise nach Sulaymānīyah und nach Ktesiphon Baghdad").
- FSA A.6 01.08, on which Joseph Upton's classification mentions "S-10", provides an account of an expedition (July 8 to August 27, 1913) from Samarra (Iran) to Asadabad (Hamadan, Iran) ("Tagebuch der Rückreise von Samarra 1913").
Arrangement:
In the original arrangement of the Ernst Herzfeld Archive, Travel Journals were included in a larger body of diverse material acknowledged by Ernst Herzfeld as his study collection. In the early 1970s, Joseph Upton, for research purpose, rearranged the collection and created a specific series (Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 1: Travel Journals, 1905-1928) for eight travel journals. For some reason, Upton has given these journals an accession number related to the series he created for the notebooks (Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 3: Notebooks, 1904-1946, 1957, n.d.) and for the Samarra material (Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 7: Records of Samarra Expeditions, 1906-1945), probably following Herzfeld's original organization.
Biographical / Historical:
- "Ernst Emil Herzfeld (1879-1948) was an orientalist whose many talents led him to explore all phases of Near Eastern culture, from the prehistoric period to Islamic times and from linguistics and religion to art and architecture." [Margaret Cool Root, 1976: "The Herzfeld Archive of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Metropolitan Museum Journal, Vol. 11, pp. 119-124."]
General:
It is impractical to include in the Index the name of every person or place mentioned in the Journals. These were essentially short-hand notes intended to remind Herzfeld of facts to be incorporated in subsequent finished studies. Many of the items, especially in N-81 and N-82, are topographical notes for the preparation of maps. Herzfeld tended to note everything he saw and heard, so the Journals contain descriptions of plant and animal life, as well as comments on the countless people he encountered, their economic and their social activities. The Journals also contain descriptions of the practical daily problems of travel, especially with a caravan; the dreams or nightmares he experienced on sleepless nights; and a great variety of thoughts on politics, people or history which crossed his mind during the sometimes tedious hours of travel. He even includes snatches of poetry.

The items entered in the Index are, therefore, primarily those of archaeological significance in the narrow sense of ruins, buildings and artifacts, especially if Herzfeld inserted a sketch. He was accustomed on these exploratory trips to supplement the Journals with comprehensive photographic record (see the inventory to the photographic File) and sketchbooks (see the inventory to the sketchbooks).

The circumstances under which the Journals were written often led to inconsistencies in the spelling which was sometimes again modified in printed texts. It might also be mentioned that there are differences in the transliteration of Near Eastern script according to the French, German or English systems, not to speak of the "personal" systems sometimes adopted by writers in the field. Since Herzfeld published in all three languages, all three systems occur in the catalogues of the collection; but I am confident that that fact will cause no particular hardship for scholars.
- Travel journals titles are provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Ernst Herzfeld's handwritten sketchbooks captions and Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive.
- Series title in Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive reads, "Series 1: Travel Journals, 1905-1928."
Local Numbers:
FSA A.06 1
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Achaemenian inscriptions  Search this
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Cuneiform inscriptions  Search this
Cuneiform inscriptions, Akkadian  Search this
Cuneiform inscriptions, Elamite  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Arabic  Search this
Inscriptions, Pahlavi  Search this
Inscriptions, Parthian  Search this
Middle Persian language  Search this
Old Persian inscriptions  Search this
Relief (Sculpture)  Search this
Sassanids  Search this
Textile design  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Series 1
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc398b63d43-935a-4991-809e-ff136c473d6b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref6208

Sketchbooks

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
35 Items (Sketchbooks, various dimensions)
Type:
Archival materials
Sketchbooks
Drawings
Sketches
Place:
Asia
Europe
Croatia
Iran
Iraq
Syria
Turkey
Aleppo (Syria)
Baghdad (Iraq)
Damascus (Syria)
Dāmghān (Iran)
Estakhr (Extinct city)
Fīrūzābād (Iran)
Hamadān (Iran)
Ḥamāh (Syria)
Ḥimṣ (Syria)
Iṣfahān (Iran)
Khark Island (Iran)
Maʻarrat al-Nuʻmān (Syria)
Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran)
Pasargadae (Extinct city)
Persepolis (Iran)
Ray (Iran)
Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq)
Shīrāz (Iran)
Ṭūs (Iran)
Date:
1923-1931
undated
Scope and Contents:
All notes are in German.
- "Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 2: Sketchbooks, 1923-1931," which is composed of 35 sketchbooks (Skizzenbücher), is organized into thirteen subseries and covers Herzfeld's travels and surveys of the most major archaeological sites in Persia, Mesopotamia and Northern Syria, from 1923 to 1931. It also covers the field activities at Pasargadae (Spring 1928) and of the Persepolis Expedition (1931).
- FSA A.6 02.01, which includes eight sketchbooks (Skizzenbücher I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, and VIII), covers Herzfeld's travels and surveys of the most major archaeological sites in Persia from 1923 to 1924.
- FSA A.6 02.02, which includes three sketchbooks (Skizzenbücher IX, X, and XI), provides a succinct but seemingly comprehensive view of the site of Pasargadae where Herzfeld formal excavations only occupied twenty-eight days in April and May 1928.
- FSA A.6 02.03, which includes one sketchbook (Skizzenbüch XII), in part covers Herzfeld's years of travel and survey of most major archaeological sites in eastern Iran (Khorasan, Persia) in 1925.
- FSA A.6 02.04, which includes one sketchbook (Skizzenbüch XIII), in part covers Herzfeld's years of travel and survey of most major archaeological sites in eastern Iran (Sistan-Quhistan, Persia) in 1925.
- FSA A.6 02.05, which includes one sketchbook (Skizzenbüch XIV), provides records of Herzfeld's observations related to Isfahan (Iran), Kerman (Iran), Na'in (Iran), and Saweh (Iran).
- FSA A.6 02.06, which includes one sketchbook (Skizzenbüch XV), provides records of Herzfeld's observations during a campaign of excavation at Kuh-e Khwaja (Iran) and Sistan (Iran), carried out in February and March 1929.
- FSA A.6 02.07, which includes seven sketchbooks (Skizzenbücher XVI, XVII, XVIII, XIX, XX, XXI,and XXII), covers the field activities of the Persepolis Expedition, including excavations at Istakhr (Iran), Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran), and the terrace complex of Persepolis (Iran). The archaeological work was initiated by Professor Ernst Herzfeld in Spring 1931, until he was removed from his position as expedition director at the end of 1934.
- FSA A.6 02.08, which includes one sketchbook (Skizzenbüch XXIII), provides records of Herzfeld's observations on archaeological remains related to Split (Croatia).
- FSA A.6 02.09, which includes one sketchbook (Skizzenbüch XXIV), provides records of measurements for topographical maps with calculations related to Firuzabad (Iran), Khurha (Iran), Pasargadae (Iran), Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran), and Persepolis (Iran).
- FSA A.6 02.10, which includes one sketchbook (Skizzenbüch XXV), provides records of Herzfeld's observations on archaeological remains and prehistoric artifacts related to Nineveh (Iraq), Ur (Iraq), Samarra (Iraq), Hamadan (Iran), Harsin (Iran), Kermanshah (Iran), and Shiraz (Iran).
- FSA A.6 02.11, which includes one sketchbook (Skizzenbüch XXVI), provides records of Herzfeld's observations on archaeological remains, prehistoric artifacts and decorative motifs, some from the Hahn Collection.
- FSA A.6 02.12, which includes five sketchbooks (Skizzenbücher XXVII, XXVIII, XXIX, XXX, and XXXI), provides records of Herzfeld's observations on archaeological remains, reliefs and inscriptions, prehistoric artifacts and decorative motifs related to several archaeological sites in Persia and Mesopotamia, as well as to the prehistoric mound of Tepe Giyan (Iran) in particular.
- FSA A.6 02.13, which includes four sketchbooks (Skizzenbücher XXXII, XXXIII, XXXIV, and XXXV), provides records of Herzfeld's observations on inscriptions, archaeological remains, architecture, and decorative motifs related to Aleppo (Syria), Damascus (Syria), Hama (Syria), Hims (Syria), and Ma'arat al-Nu'man (Syria).
Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 2: Sketchbooks
Arrangement:
Sketchbooks, housed in five document boxes and stored on shelves, are organized by Joseph Upton into thirteen subdivisions.
Biographical / Historical:
- "Ernst Emil Herzfeld (1879-1948) was an orientalist whose many talents led him to explore all phases of Near Eastern culture, from the prehistoric period to Islamic times and from linguistics and religion to art and architecture." [Margaret Cool Root, 1976: "The Herzfeld Archive of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Metropolitan Museum Journal, Vol. 11, pp. 119-124."]
Local Numbers:
FSA A.06 02
General:
- Sketchbooks titles are provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Ernst Herzfeld's publications, handwritten sketchbooks captions and Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive.
- Series title in Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive reads, "Series 2: Sketchbooks, 1923-1931, n.d.."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Achaemenian inscriptions  Search this
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Cuneiform inscriptions  Search this
Cuneiform inscriptions, Akkadian  Search this
Cuneiform inscriptions, Elamite  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Arabic  Search this
Inscriptions, Pahlavi  Search this
Inscriptions, Parthian  Search this
Middle Persian language  Search this
Old Persian inscriptions  Search this
Relief (Sculpture)  Search this
Sassanids  Search this
Textile design  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketchbooks
Drawings
Sketches
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Series 2
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3d900ac97-bffa-48b3-a0c3-9fcf04fa848a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref6806

Notebooks

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
4 Items (Ledgers)
Type:
Archival materials
Notebooks
Ledgers (account books)
Sketches
Place:
Asia
Iran
Iraq
Syria
Turkey
Date:
1904-1946
1957
1899-1946
undated
Scope and Contents:
- "Ernst Herzfeld Papers, Series 3: Notebooks" is composed of 131 folders including a large variety of locations, names, topics, genres, and languages. As of today, only four inventories of objects (ledgers) have been digitized and are available online.
- FSA A.6 03.089 consists of an inventory book to which Ernst Herzfeld recorded archaeological remains, prehistoric artifacts and antiquities collected, acquired, or observed in several cities throughout Mesopotamia and Persia in 1923 and 1924.
- FSA A.6 03.090 consists of an inventory book which supplies an abbreviated and corrected version of FSA A.6 03.089 and a continuation of N-91.
- FSA A.6 03.091 consists of an inventory book which is a continuation of FSA A.6 03.089. Herzfeld added an inventory of objects collected, acquired, or observed in several cities throughout Persia in 1926 and 1927, 1929, and finally 1932 and 1933.
- FSA A.6 03.092 consists of an inventory book which displays two separate inventories of objects. The first list comprises a finds journal from the session of excavations at Pasargadae, carried out by Herzfeld and Krefter in April and May 1928. The second list, without dates, enumerates prehistoric artifacts and antiquities collected, acquired, or observed in Baghdad, Hamadan, Harsin, Kermanshah, Nihavand, Tehran, and possibly Ur.
Arrangement:
Notebooks, ledgers, notes, and sketches, housed in document boxes and stored on shelves, are organized by Joseph Upton into 131 subdivisions.
Biographical / Historical:
"Ernst Emil Herzfeld (1879-1948) was an orientalist whose many talents led him to explore all phases of Near Eastern culture, from the prehistoric period to Islamic times and from linguistics and religion to art and architecture." [Margaret Cool Root, 1976: "The Herzfeld Archive of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Metropolitan Museum Journal, Vol. 11, pp. 119-124."]
Local Numbers:
FSA A.06 03
General:
- Notebooks titles are provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive.
- Series title in Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive reads, "Series 3: Notebooks 1904-1946, 1957, n.d. ."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Achaemenian inscriptions  Search this
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Cuneiform inscriptions  Search this
Cuneiform inscriptions, Akkadian  Search this
Cuneiform inscriptions, Elamite  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Arabic  Search this
Inscriptions, Pahlavi  Search this
Inscriptions, Parthian  Search this
Middle Persian language  Search this
Old Persian inscriptions  Search this
Relief (Sculpture)  Search this
Sassanids  Search this
Textile design  Search this
Genre/Form:
Notebooks
Ledgers (account books)
Sketches
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Series 3
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3ce9dd36a-d500-43e3-b75f-88fb3e0a6bb0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref8055

Drawings and Maps

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Krefter, Friedrich, 1898-1995  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
1562 Drawings (visual works) (various dimensions)
70 Maps (various dimensions)
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings (visual works)
Maps
Drawings
Place:
Asia
Iran
Iraq
Lebanon
Syria
Turkey
Mesopotamia
Aleppo (Syria)
Bakun, Tall-e (Iran)
Baʻlabakk (Lebanon)
Bīshāpūr (Extinct city)
Bisutun Site (Iran)
Damascus (Syria)
Fīrūzābād (Iran)
Ḥimṣ (Syria)
Iṣfahān (Iran)
Luristān (Iran)
Nahāvand (Iran)
Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran)
Paikuli (Iraq)
Palmyra (Syria)
Pasargadae (Extinct city)
Persepolis (Iran)
Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq)
Sīstān va Balūchistān (Iran)
Taq-e Bostan Site (Iran)
Tripoli (Lebanon)
Date:
1903-1947
1899-1962
Scope and Contents:
The abbreviations used in captions of published drawings are:

IAE -- Iran in the Ancient East, Herzfeld

AMI -- Archaeologische Mitteilungen aus Iran, Herzfeld

Corpus -- Materiaux pour un Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum. Part II, Tome II (Aleppo), Herzfeld

ID -- Iranische Denkmä, Lieferung 3/4 Niphauanda, Herzfeld

SA-I -- Ars Islamica, IX, "Damascus:Studies in Architecture, I. The Mukarnas Dome. The Madrasa," Herzfeld

SA-II -- Ars Islamica, X. Same study, II."The Cruciform Plan. Syrian Architecture, Period of Nur al-din," Herzfeld

SA-III -- Ars Islamica, XI--II. Same study, III. "The Ayyubid Madrasa. The Turba," Herzfeld

SA-IV -- Ars Islamica, XIII--IV. Same study, IV. "The Mosque," Herzfeld

TA -- Am Tor von Asien, Herzfeld
Drawings D-405 through D-485 (water-colors) are mounted on mats numbered PI.XXXIII through PI.LXI. They were apparently prepared for some publication not yet located. Other water-colors have similar notations. The large numbers, such as No.3445, apparently refer to a catalogue or inventory, not located.
- Approximately 1,562 drawings and plans that reflect Herzfeld's fine draftmanship and architectural training , with observations on topography, landscape, archaeological remains, architecture, and artifacts. Renderings are in pencil, ink, and watercolor. The published and unpublished drawings reveal Herzfeld's working methodology, in which he often employed tracings to rework his original field sketches. In addition, there are drawings by Friedrich Krefter, the architect who worked in association with Herzfeld for many years, and by drafting assistant Karl Bergner and Donald E. McCown.
- Approximately 70 maps dating from 1899 to the 1930s, including original maps prepared by Herzfeld, Karl Bergner or Friedrich Krefter, as well as various maps from German archaeologists such as Moritz Sobernheim and Max Freiherr von Oppenheim.
Arrangement:
Drawings are arranged roughly by size and then in number sequences, housed in document boxes or in flat file folders and stored in map case drawers.
Biographical / Historical:
"Ernst Emil Herzfeld (1879-1948) was an orientalist whose many talents led him to explore all phases of Near Eastern culture, from the prehistoric period to Islamic times and from linguistics and religion to art and architecture." [Margaret Cool Root, 1976: "The Herzfeld Archive of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Metropolitan Museum Journal, Vol. 11, pp. 119-124."]
Local Numbers:
FSA A.06 05
General:
- Title is provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive."
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
The Papers primarly relate to Herzfeld's survey of the monuments, artifacts, and inscriptions of Western Asia between 1903 and 1947 and particularly to his excavations at Istakhr (Iran), Paikuli (Iraq), Pasargadae (Iran), Persepolis (Iran), Samarra (Iraq) and Kuh-e Khwaja (Iran), as well as various archaeological expeditions throughout Cilicia, Mesopotamia, Northern Syria, and Persia. Additional research material, probably collected by Moritz Sobernheim and Max Freiherr von Oppenheim but preserved by Ernst Herzfeld, was part of a broader project, that of Max van Berchem's "Matériaux pour un Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum."
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Abbasids  Search this
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Architectural drawing  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Cartography  Search this
Decoration and ornament  Search this
Description and Travel  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Numismatics  Search this
Pottery  Search this
Relief (Sculpture)  Search this
Religious buildings  Search this
Royalty (Nobility)  Search this
Sassanids  Search this
Shrines  Search this
Textile design  Search this
Genre/Form:
Drawings
Maps
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Series 5
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc38d88ed2a-bc91-4be4-b5f1-9b387b1af21f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref8672

Paper Squeezes of Inscriptions

Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Names:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Collection Creator:
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Extent:
393 Items (Squeezes, various dimensions)
Type:
Archival materials
Paper squeezes
Place:
Asia
Iraq
Iran
Iṣfahān (Iran)
Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran)
Paikuli (Iraq)
Pasargadae (Extinct city)
Persepolis (Iran)
Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq)
Taq-e Bostan Site (Iran)
Date:
1911-1934
undated
Scope and Contents:
The references to N- and SK-refer to Notebooks and Sketchbooks in the Collection. The squeezes are divided into Arabic script, Middle Persian and Cuneiform. The number of the squeeze comes first, followed by the negative number, when a photographic negative exists.
- Additional information related to paper squeezes in Arabic language reads, "100 paper squeezes taken at the following archaeological sites: Bistam (Iran), Congregational Mosque, 1 Inscription in Floral Kufic Script, 5 items. Isfahan (Iran), Tomb in Imamzada Ismail Mausoleum and Tomb in Masjid-i ʿAli, 4 inscriptions, in Kufic and Naskhi Script, 4 items. Kale i Khosrawi (Iran), unidentified building, 1 Inscription in Kufic Script, 1 item. Pasargadae (Iran), Mausoleum of Cyrus the Great, Mashhad-i-Madar-i-Suleiman, 9 inscriptions, 20 items. Pasargadae (Iran), Gate R (Palace with the Relief), 1 inscription, 1 item. Persepolis (Iran), Tachara, 5 Inscriptions, in Kufic and Naskhi Script, 6 items. Rayy (Iran), Tughril Mausoleum, 1 Inscription, 1 item. al-Dūr (Iraq), Mausoleum Imām al-Dūr, 1 inscription, 1 item. Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq), Balkuwārā Palace, 1 sgraffito, 1 item. Sāmarrāʼ (Iraq), unidentified building, 1 inscription, 4 items. Shiraz (Iran), Khatun Mausoleum, 2 inscriptions, in Naskhi Script, 2 items. Shiraz (Iran), Shāh Dāʿi, 3 inscriptions, 3 items. Sunghur (Iran), unidentified gravestone, 2 inscriptions, in Kufic Script, 4 items. Taq-i Bustan (Iran), Sassanid Rock Reliefs, 3 inscriptions, 4 items. Tus (Iran), Haruniya Mausoleum, 4 inscriptions, 10 items. Miscellaneous objects, 33 items related to unidentified Arabic inscriptions on diverse objects and 1 item related to unidentified Cuneiform inscription."
- Additional information related to paper squeezes in Cuneiform writing reads, "129 paper squeezes taken at the following archaeological sites: Naqsh-i Rustam (Iran), Tomb of Darius I, 3 inscriptions, DNb: Old Persian Version, 30 items; Akkadian Version, 30 items; Elamite Version, 9 items. Persepolis (Iran), Southern Terrace Wall, 4 "Foundation Inscriptions," DPd: Old Persian Version, 5 items, DPe: Old Persian Version, 7 items, DPf: Elamite Version, 7 items, DPg: Akkadian Version, 8 items. Persepolis (Iran), Apadana, 1 Inscription, XPba, Old Persian Version, 7 items. Persepolis (Iran), Tachara, 4 Inscriptions, XPca: Old Persian, Akkadian, and Elamite Version, 3 items; XPcb: Old Persian, Akkadian, and Elamite Version, 5 items; A3Pb: Old Persian Version, 3 items; DPa?: Elamite Version, 1 item. Persepolis (Iran), Hadish, 1 Inscription, XPd(west): Old Persian Version, 1 item. Persepolis (Iran), Palace H, 1 Inscription, A3Pc: Old Persian Version, 4 items. Persepolis (Iran), unidentified, 1 Inscription, XPb? or XPd?: Akkadian Version, 2 items. Sarpul (Iran), Rock Relief depicting Triumph of Annubanini, 1 inscription, Akkadian version, 1 item. Bonze tablets, 'Abdadana Tablet', 3 items; unidentified tablet, 2 items."
- Additional information related to paper squeezes from the Sassanian Inscription of Paikuli (Iraq) reads, "164 paper squeezes taken at the following archaeological sites: Paikuli (Iraq), 1 inscription, Middle-Persian version, 98 items. Paikuli (Iraq), 1 inscription, Parthian version, 63 items. . Paikuli (Iraq), Unidentified inscription, Unidentified version, 2 items. Persepolis (Iran), Tachara, 1 inscription, Middle-Persian version, 1 item."
Arrangement:
Papers squeezes are organized into three subdivisions: FSA A.6 06.A, 100 items, inscriptions in Arabic language. FSA A.6 06.C, 129 items, inscriptions in Cuneiform writing. FSA A.6 06.M, 164 items, Middle-Persian and Parthian inscriptions.
Biographical / Historical:
"Ernst Emil Herzfeld (1879-1948) was an orientalist whose many talents led him to explore all phases of Near Eastern culture, from the prehistoric period to Islamic times and from linguistics and religion to art and architecture." [Margaret Cool Root, 1976: "The Herzfeld Archive of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Metropolitan Museum Journal, Vol. 11, pp. 119-124."]
Local Numbers:
FSA A.06 6
General:
- For the Arabic inscriptions, titles are provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Ernst Herzfeld's publication, "Iran in the Ancient East. Archaeological Studies Presented in the Lowell Lectures at Boston. London: Oxford University Press, 1941," and Joseph Upton's Finding Aid.
- For the Cuneiform inscriptions, titles are provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on the publication, "Corpus Inscriptionum Iranicarum; Part I, Inscriptions of Ancient Iran; Vol. I, The Old Persian Inscriptions; Portfolio I: Plates i-xlviii. Old Persian Inscriptions of the Persepolis platform. Edited by A. Shapur Shahbazi. Published by Lund Humphries, London, 1985;" and Roland G. Kent's publication, "Old Persian. Grammar, Texts, Lexicon. 2nd Revised Edition. American Oriental Society, Vol. 33. American Oriental Society, New Haven, Connecticut, 1953," and Joseph Upton's Finding Aid.
- For the Middle-Persian and Parthian inscriptions, titles are provided by Xavier Courouble, FSg Archives cataloger, based on Ernst Herzfeld's publication, "Paikuli: Monument and Inscription of the Early History of the Sasanian Empire; Berlin: D. Reimer, 1924;" Helmut Humbach and Prods O. Skjærvø's publication, "The Sassanian Inscription of Paikuli; Supplement to Herzfeld's Paikuli. Wiesbaden: Reichert, 1980;" and Joseph Upton's Finding Aid.
Series title in Joseph Upton's Catalogue of the Herzfeld Archive reads, "Series VI: Paper Squeezes of Inscriptions."
Date/Time and Place of an Event Note:
For the Arabic inscriptions, Paper squeezes related primarly to several archaeological campaigns carried out by Ernst Herzfeld in the Middle East, from 1908 to 1934.
For the Cuneiform inscriptions, Paper squeezes related primarly to a trial excavation at Persepolis and several nearby sites carried out by Ernst Herzfeld from December 1923 through March 1924 as well as an excavation campaign carried out by Ernst Herzfeld in Persepolis under the auspice of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, from 1931 to 1934.
For the Middle-Persian and Parthian inscriptions, Paper squeezes related primarly to three expeditions to Paikuli (Iraq), in 1911, 1913, and 1923, as well as an excavation campaign carried out by Ernst Herzfeld in Persepolis and several nearby sites, from December 1923 through March 1924.
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Achaemenian inscriptions  Search this
Ancient Near Eastern Art  Search this
Archaeology  Search this
Architecture  Search this
Art of the Islamic World  Search this
Excavations (Archaeology)  Search this
Cuneiform inscriptions  Search this
Cuneiform inscriptions, Akkadian  Search this
Cuneiform inscriptions, Elamite  Search this
Inscriptions  Search this
Inscriptions, Arabic  Search this
Inscriptions, Pahlavi  Search this
Inscriptions, Parthian  Search this
Middle Persian language  Search this
Old Persian inscriptions  Search this
Relief (Sculpture)  Search this
Sassanids  Search this
Textile design  Search this
Genre/Form:
Paper Squeezes
Collection Citation:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Gift of Ernst Herzfeld, 1946
Identifier:
FSA.A.06, Series 6
See more items in:
Ernst Herzfeld Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc33c72b3d9-f22e-4617-9fec-2e0245574d41
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-06-ref9924

Francis P. Conant Papers

Creator:
Conant, Francis  Search this
Names:
Hunter College. Department of Anthropology  Search this
Goldschmidt, Walter, 1913-2010  Search this
Naguib, Mohammed, 1901-  Search this
Extent:
20 Linear feet ((43 boxes) plus 25 digital storage media and 5 map folders )
Culture:
Southern Bauchi languages  Search this
Suk (African people)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Field recordings
Maps
Field notes
Manuscripts
Electronic records
Correspondence
Sound recordings
Photographs
Place:
Africa, French-speaking West
Sahara
Egypt
Ethiopia
Uganda
West Pokot District (Kenya)
Bauchi Province (Nigeria)
Belgian Congo
Finland
Morocco
Sudan
Date:
1946-2011
bulk 1953-2008
Summary:
The papers of Francis P. Conant document his anthropological work and, to a lesser extent, his previous career as a journalist and photographer. Francis Paine Conant was a cultural anthropologist who pioneered the use of satellite data in anthropology. He conducted fieldwork in Nigeria and Kenya, and his research interests spanned cultural ecology, AIDS, malaria, and sex and gender studies. He was also Professor Emeritus of Anthropology at Hunter College, where he taught from 1962 to 1995.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Francis P. Conant document his anthropological work and, to a lesser extent, his previous career as a journalist and photographer. The bulk of the collection consists of his field work in Africa, specifically his doctoral research among the Barawa in Nigeria during the 1950s; his work among the Pokot in Kenya for Walter Goldschimdt's Culture and Ecology in East Africa Project during the 1960s; and his later research among the Pokot during the 1970s incorporating remote sensing tools. These materials include his dissertation, field notes, kinship charts, maps, correspondence, photographs, and sound recordings. The collection also contains photographs, correspondence, and writings relating to the Bernheim-Conant expedition through Africa. Among the photos are Polaroids of Mohammad Naguib, first president of Egypt. Also present in the collection are his published and unpublished academic writings, his writings and correspondence as a news correspondent in Finland, and files from courses that he taught. In addition, the collection contains some of Conant's digital files, which have not yet been examined. Overall there is little correspondence in the collection, aside from some letters scattered throughout the collection relating to his research and writings (both as an academic and a journalist).
Arrangement:
Collection is organized into 9 series: 1) Nigeria, 1956-1960, undated; 2) Kenya, 1961-1974, undated; 3) Remote Sensing, 1967, 1971, 1976-1984, 1991-1992, 2002; 4) Bernheim-Conant Expedition, 1953-1956; 5) Writings, 1960-1966, 1974-1995, 2000-2006, undated; 6) University Files, 1956-1957, 1961, 1970, 1972, 1982-1995, undated; 7) Biographical Files and Letters, circa 1940, CIRCA 1946-1947, 1951, 1955, 1979, 1989-1991, 1996-2000, 2007-2011, undated; 8) Sound Recordings, 1956-1965, 1971, 1977-1978, undated; 9) Digital Files
Biographical / Historical:
Francis Paine Conant was a cultural anthropologist who pioneered the use of satellite data in anthropology. He conducted fieldwork in Nigeria and Kenya, and his research interests spanned cultural ecology, AIDS, malaria, and sex and gender studies. He was also Professor Emeritus of Anthropology at Hunter College, where he taught from 1962 to 1995.

Conant was born on February 27, 1926 in New York City. After graduating from Phillips Exeter Academy, he deferred college to enlist in the U.S. Army in 1944. He served as a field artillery observer for the 294th Field Artillery Battalion and helped liberate two concentration camps during World War II. After he was honorably discharged in 1946, he attended Cornell University, where he obtained his B.A. in 1950. While at Cornell, a Finnish student invited Conant to Finland to help relocate families, farms, and livestock further from the Russian border, a protective measure against another Russian invasion. Conant accepted his invitation and took time off from his academic studies to spend several months in Finland in 1947, as well as a summer in 1949.

After graduating from Cornell, Conant attended University of Iowa's graduate writing program for a short time. Dissatisfied with the program, he worked briefly for the Carnegie Endowment, during which time he occasionally served as a personal driver for Alger Hiss. In 1951, he returned to Finland to pursue a career in journalism. He worked for United Press International until 1953.

From December 5, 1953 to May 26, 1954, Conant traveled throughout Africa as part of the Bernheim-Conant Expedition for the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH). The expedition was led by Claude Bernheim, the father of his first wife, Miriam. They traveled 16,000 miles through Northern Central and Eastern Africa, collecting film footage and material culture for the museum. Conant served as the writer and photographer for the expedition, publishing illustrated articles in the New York Times and Natural History Magazine.

He later returned to Africa as a doctoral student at Columbia University, where he earned his PhD in Anthropology in 1960. After studying the Hausa language at the International African Institute in London, he traveled to Nigeria as a Fellow of the Ford Foundation to carry out his fieldwork in Dass Independent District, Bauchi Province. Working among the Barawa that live in the mountains of Dass, he focused on their religion and its impact on the technology, social and political organization, and structure of their society. His dissertation was titled "Dodo of Dass: A Study of a Pagan Religion of Northern Nigeria." During his fieldwork, he also collected data on rock gongs, which were first identified and written about by Bernard Fagg in 1955.

In 1961 to 1962, Conant was a research associate for Walter Goldschmidt's Culture and Ecology in East Africa Project. The purpose of the project was to conduct a controlled comparison of four different East African societies and the farmers and pastoralists within each tribe. Conant was assigned to conduct ethnographic research among the Pokot in West Pokot District in Kenya. This research would form the basis of his remote sensing work in the same area more than a decade later. Conant was first introduced to remote sensing data in 1974 when his colleague Priscilla Reining showed him Landsat imagery of one his former fieldwork sites. He was inspired by the potential applications of satellite data to study cultural and ecological relationships. In 1975, he and Reining organized a workshop on "Satellite Potentials for Anthropological Studies of Subsistence Activities and Population Change." He incorporated remote sensing tools in his 1977 to 1980 study of the changing cultivation patterns and management of livestock in West Pokot District. His research combined traditional fieldwork (which included data he had collected in the 1960s), LANDSAT data, and geospatial data collected from the ground.

Later in his career, Conant's research interests expanded to include the spread of diseases, specifically AIDS and malaria. He, along with Priscilla Reining, John Bongaarts, and Peter Way found that uncircumcised men were 86% more likely to contract HIV than circumcised men. Their findings were published in their paper "The Relationship Between Male Circumcision and HIV Infection in African Populations" (1989). His research on malaria focused on the spread of the disease during African prehistory.

Conant taught briefly at Columbia University and was an Assistant Professor at University of Massachusetts, at Amherst in 1960-1961. Most of his academic career was spent at Hunter College, where he served as Chair of the Anthropology Department several times. He also founded and headed the college's Research Institute in Aruba.

Conant was a Fulbright Senior Research Fellow at Oxford University's Pitts Rivers Museum in 1968-1969. He was also a fellow of the American Anthropological Association, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the International African Institute, the New York Academy of Sciences, and the Royal Anthropological Institute. In addition, he was actively involved with the Human Ecology: An Interdisciplinary Journal.

Conant died at the age of 84 on January 29, 2011.

Sources Consulted

Bates, Daniel G. 2011. Francis P. Conant: A Tribute to a Friend of Human Ecology. Human Ecology 39(2): 115.

Bates, Daniel and Oliver Conant. Francis P. Conant. Anthropology News. 52(5): 25.

Conant, Veronika. Email message to Lorain Wang, October 22, 2013.

[Curriculum Vitae], Series 7. Biographical Files and Letters, Francis Conant Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Francis P. Conant. http://www.hunter.cuny.edu/anthropology/faculty-staff/in-remembrance/francis-p.-conant [accessed August 23, 2013].

1926 -- Born February 27 in New York City, New York

1944-1946 -- Enlists in Army and serves in World War II as a flash ranger in 294th Field Artillery Battalion

1950 -- Earns B.A. from Cornell University in English and Russian, minor in Engineering

1953-1954 -- AMNH Bernheim-Conant Expedition to northern Africa

1957 -- Conducts language studies at the International African Institute

1957-1959 -- Conducts fieldwork in northern Nigeria

1960 -- Earns PhD in Cultural Anthropology from Columbia University

1960-1961 -- Assistant Professor, Anthropology, University of Massachusetts at Amherst

1961-1962 -- Research Associate for Culture and Ecology in East Africa Project directed by Walter Goldschimdt

1962 -- Joins faculty at Hunter College

1968-1969 -- Fulbright Senior Research Fellow, Oxford University, Pitt-Rivers Museum

1977-1980 -- Sets up remote sensing monitoring area in West Pokot district in Kenya. Studies changing cultivation patterns and management of livestock

1995 -- Retires from Hunter College; Emeritus Professor

2011 -- Dies on January 29 at the age of 84
Related Materials:
For additional materials at the National Anthropological Archives relating to Francis Conant, see the papers of Priscilla Reining and John Lawrence Angel. His film collection is at the Human Studies Film Archives.

Artifacts and film collected during the Bernheim-Conant Expedition, his doctoral research in Nigeria, and his fieldwork in Kenya during the 1960s and 70s are at the American Museum of Natural History. He also deposited collections at the Pitts River Museum at the University of Oxford.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Francis Conant's widow Veronika Conant in 2012.
Restrictions:
The Francis P. Conant Papers are open for research. Access to the Francis P. Conant Papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Remote sensing  Search this
Journalism  Search this
Musical instruments -- Nigeria  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Subsistence farming -- Kenya  Search this
Subsistence herding -- Kenya  Search this
Human ecology  Search this
Landsat satellites  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field recordings
Maps
Field notes
Manuscripts
Electronic records
Correspondence
Sound recordings
Photographs
Citation:
Francis P. Conant Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2012-13
See more items in:
Francis P. Conant Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw353adee01-90b3-4434-ace0-16b4f5ce003f
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2012-13
Online Media:

Nigeria

Collection Creator:
Conant, Francis  Search this
Extent:
5.4 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1956-1960, undated
Scope and Contents note:
As a graduate student at Columbia University, Conant conducted his doctoral fieldwork in Dass Independent District, Bauchi Province in Nigeria in 1957-1959. His research focused on the religion of the Barawa mountaineers of Dass, studying its impact on the technology, social and political organization, and structure of Barawa society. While in Dass, Conant also excavated the old town Bununu-Kasa in Bula district and collected data on rock gongs, percussion instruments that were first identified and written about by Bernard Fagg in 1955. He also collected objects for the American Museum of Natural History and native medicines and botanical specimens for Smith, Kline & French, a pharmaceutical company.

This series contains documentation from Conant's field research, including field notebooks; language notes; transcripts and notes from his recordings; manuscripts; maps, some of which are hand-drawn; notes on his consultants in Dass; and field photographs. Conant numbered his field photographs and organized them on card files with accompanying notes and cross-references to his field notebooks. He also created a topical index to his photographs. This series also contains notes and permits for objects that he collected in Dass for the American Museum of Natural History.

See Series 5. Writings for his dissertation and Series 8. Sound Recordings for associated field recordings.
Collection Restrictions:
The Francis P. Conant Papers are open for research. Access to the Francis P. Conant Papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Francis P. Conant Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2012-13, Series 1
See more items in:
Francis P. Conant Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw359dc6593-1b7c-44f3-a42c-5e4d5ce917b9
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2012-13-ref11

University Files

Collection Creator:
Conant, Francis  Search this
Extent:
0.4 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1956-1957, 1961, 1970, 1972, 1982-1995, undated
Scope and Contents note:
This series contains syllabi, lecture notes, handouts, and reading materials for courses that Conant taught at Columbia University; University of Amherst, Massachusetts; and Hunter College. Course topics include primitive religion, African ethnology, cultural anthropology, history of anthropological theory, sex and gender studies, and remote sensing. The bulk of the files are from his courses at Hunter College, where he spent most of his academic career. This series also contains a letter inviting Conant to join the Presidential Task Force on AIDS at Hunter College and materials relating to a colloquium at the college on AIDS in Africa and USA. This series also contains slides of the exterior and interior of houses in Aruba. These appear to pertain to his position as founder and head of Hunter College's Aruba Research Center.
Collection Restrictions:
The Francis P. Conant Papers are open for research. Access to the Francis P. Conant Papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Francis P. Conant Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2012-13, Series 6
See more items in:
Francis P. Conant Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw392a274b8-fd1b-4905-bd5f-ea3b34037558
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2012-13-ref394

75

Collection Creator:
Conant, Francis  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (5" reel, Recording speed unknown)
Container:
Box 42
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Sound recordings
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents note:
RG Copy (films)

Religion Rock G Sampler

Dodo Religion Sampler
Collection Restrictions:
The Francis P. Conant Papers are open for research. Access to the Francis P. Conant Papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Francis P. Conant Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Francis P. Conant Papers
Francis P. Conant Papers / Series 8: Sound Recordings / 8.1: Nigeria
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3978fdc30-2c89-40be-86e3-0538d5426c59
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2012-13-ref587

98

Collection Creator:
Conant, Francis  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (5" reel, 1 7/8 ips, 3 3/4 ips)
Container:
Box 42
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Sound recordings
Date:
1978 July 29
Scope and Contents note:
Religion Sampler Copy

Nora Pokot
See also Series 3. Remote Sensing, folder "#1 Tape Transcriptions 29.7.78 - Nora Conant"

Contains interview by Conant's daughter Nora and songs
Collection Restrictions:
The Francis P. Conant Papers are open for research. Access to the Francis P. Conant Papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Francis P. Conant Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Francis P. Conant Papers
Francis P. Conant Papers / Series 8: Sound Recordings / 8.3: Kenya 1970s
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3daa5ed4e-0586-4f84-b5b5-93e8de416e4a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2012-13-ref638
Online Media:

99

Collection Creator:
Conant, Francis  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (5" reel, 3 3/4 ips)
Container:
Box 42
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Sound recordings
Date:
1957
Scope and Contents note:
4-D Religion

Rel. Talk

Reading of a paper, "Four-Dimensional Religion"; See Box 43 for original sound recording box
Collection Restrictions:
The Francis P. Conant Papers are open for research. Access to the Francis P. Conant Papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Francis P. Conant Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Francis P. Conant Papers
Francis P. Conant Papers / Series 8: Sound Recordings / 8.4: Other
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw343304bed-48a6-4add-91e3-bed5107c20ad
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2012-13-ref642

103

Collection Creator:
Conant, Francis  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound recording (7" reel, 7 1/2 ips)
Container:
Box 42
Type:
Archival materials
Audio
Sound recordings
Date:
1965 January 4
Scope and Contents note:
FC Broadcast Afr. Rel. Ch V

FMC Broadcast 1/4/65 7:30 am Channel 5 African Religion

Francis Conant interviewed on radio broadcast
Collection Restrictions:
The Francis P. Conant Papers are open for research. Access to the Francis P. Conant Papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Francis P. Conant Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Francis P. Conant Papers
Francis P. Conant Papers / Series 8: Sound Recordings / 8.4: Other
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw33010f292-d229-409d-9c68-d60a703225c4
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2012-13-ref650

[Original box for "4-D Religion" (Conant 99)]

Collection Creator:
Conant, Francis  Search this
Container:
Box 43
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1957
Collection Restrictions:
The Francis P. Conant Papers are open for research. Access to the Francis P. Conant Papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Francis P. Conant Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Francis P. Conant Papers
Francis P. Conant Papers / Series 8: Sound Recordings / 8.5: Separated Boxes
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw32dc008a7-9799-41a7-9c65-aefb886d7d38
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2012-13-ref676

[Encyclopedia of Women and World Religion]

Collection Creator:
Laderman, Carol  Search this
Container:
Box 7
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1996-1997
Collection Restrictions:
The Carol Laderman Papers are open for research. Access to the Carol Laderman Papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use. Permission to use sound recordings of Main Peteri ceremonies transcribed and published in Taming the Wind of Desire must be obtained from Columbia University's Center for Ethnomusicology.
Collection Citation:
Carol Laderman Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Carol Laderman Papers
Carol Laderman Papers / Series 2: Writings
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw34c1d67ac-41bd-4304-a835-f9f9fe1b9793
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2012-09-ref120

[Reading notes on religion]

Collection Creator:
Laderman, Carol  Search this
Container:
Box 6
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
The Carol Laderman Papers are open for research. Access to the Carol Laderman Papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use. Permission to use sound recordings of Main Peteri ceremonies transcribed and published in Taming the Wind of Desire must be obtained from Columbia University's Center for Ethnomusicology.
Collection Citation:
Carol Laderman Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Carol Laderman Papers
Carol Laderman Papers / Series 1: Research
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw39dc1d058-529a-432b-aa90-0bdfb8a5e275
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2012-09-ref90

Exhibition Catalog, "Exhibition of Pictorial Photography" by Chin-San Long

Creator:
Lang Jingshan, Photographer, 1892-1995  Search this
Ferguson, John Calvin, 1866-1945  Search this
Collection Creator:
Ferguson, John Calvin, 1866-1945  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (29 x 17.5 cm.)
Container:
Box 14, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
China
Shanghai (China)
China -- Shanghai -- Shanghai
Date:
1939
Scope and Contents:
John Calvin Ferguson listed as patron.
Catalog of 14 photographs of Lang Jingshan to commemorate the centenary of Daguerre, sponsored by l'Association Photographique de l'Université l'Aurore, Shanghai, 1939. Fourteen monochrome photographs and one color print; forward by Lang, dated October 10, 1939. Also includes brief notes of appreciation by John C. Ferguson; J. Hernault S.J.; Hsia Ching-Kwen (Xia Jingguan) and Chen Chuan-Lin (Chen Zhuanlin).
郎靜山
Exhibition of Pictorial Photography, by Chin-san Long
Biographical / Historical:
Lang Jingshan was a pioneering Chinese photographer active from the 1920s until his death in 1995. He is most noted for incorporating Chinese traditional painting styles and themes into his photographs. He also was noted for exploring modernist subjects and techniques such as 'composite photography' and nudes.
Admission tickets and sales profits from this 1939 exhibition were donated to purchase medical photography equipment and for refugees of the Japanese invasion of China.
Local Numbers:
FSA A1999.33 3.10.1
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce and publish an item from the Archives is coordinated through the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery's Rights and Reproductions department. Please contact the Archives in order to initiate this process.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
John Calvin Ferguson Family Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution. Washington, D. C., Gift of Peter Ferguson.
Identifier:
FSA.A1999.33, File FSA A1999.33 3.10.1
See more items in:
John Calvin Ferguson Family Papers
John Calvin Ferguson Family Papers / Series 5: Printed Material
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc33fa45cc9-2be4-4ff1-b5d9-d1509b8e33eb
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a1999-33-ref905
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  • View Exhibition Catalog,
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[Architecture in Burma.] 8784 Photonegative

Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Photographer:
Gridwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
2 pieces (5" x 8")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Burma
Date:
1906
Local Numbers:
RSN 14412

Video number 13780
General:
Company catalog card included.
Similar to RSN 22929; frames in separate envelopes.
Currently stored in box 3.1.32 [56].
Copy and Version Identification Note:
94408
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Architecture -- Burma  Search this
Religion -- Burma  Search this
Shrines -- Burma  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.1: Underwood and Underwood Negatives / RSN Numbers 14360-14431
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep89931a0e7-31fa-45fd-ac98-09820fb4a65d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref11013

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