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Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews

Creator::
Reed, Theodore H., interviewee  Search this
Extent:
5.38 cu. ft. processed holdings.
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Videotapes
Motion pictures (visual works)
Date:
1989-1994
Introduction:
The Smithsonian Institution Archives began its Oral History Program in 1973. The purpose of the program is to supplement the written documentation of the Archives' record and manuscript collections with an Oral History Collection, focusing on the history of the Institution, research by its scholars, and contributions of its staff. Program staff conduct interviews with current and retired Smithsonian staff and others who have made significant contributions to the Institution. There are also interviews conducted by researchers or students on topics related to the history of the Smithsonian or the holdings of the Smithsonian Institution Archives.

Reed was interviewed for the Oral History Collection because of his distinguished veterinary and management career, contributions as a Smithsonian administrator, and long tenure as director of the National Zoological Park. Additional information about Reed can be found in the Records of the National Zoological Park which are also housed in Smithsonian Archives.
Descriptive Entry:
These interviews of Reed by Pamela M. Henson discuss his youth; education; veterinary practice; experiences at the Portland Zoo; and career at the NZP, including his tenure as Veterinarian and achievements as Director, especially renovation and modernization of facilities, development of the Cap-Chur Gun, acquisition of such animals as the Giant Pandas, Komodo dragon, and white tigers, development of research and educational programs, creation of an endangered species program and the CRC, participation in the Species Survival Program, his role in the American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums and the International Union of Directors of Zoological Gardens; and reminiscences of such colleagues as William Mann, John Perry, and Leonard Carmichael. An additional interview of Reed by Pamela M. Henson, Historian, Smithsonian Institution Archives, and Caroline Winslow, Graphics Department, National Zoological Department was conducted in 1992. Reed was interviewed about the 1958 Safety Brochure that was created by the Zoo in response to the death a little girl by a lion at NZP. The collection consists of 13 interviews totaling 31.5 hours of audio recordings and 790 pages of transcript.
Historical Note:
Theodore H. Reed (1922- ), veterinarian and zoo administrator, received the D.V.M. in 1945 from the School of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State College. From 1946 to 1955, he practiced as a veterinarian in Oregon and Idaho. He gained experience with exotic animals while serving as a veterinarian to the Portland Zoological Park from 1951 to 1955. In 1955, Reed was appointed Veterinarian at the National Zoological Park (NZP). In 1956, he was named Acting Director after the retirement of William M. Mann, and in 1958, he advanced to Director. During his tenure, Reed oversaw a capital renovation of the NZP; development of the Conservation and Research Center (CRC) in Front Royal, Virginia, in 1974; a transition from display of exotic specimens to breeding of endangered species; and many advances in exotic animal care and medicine. Reed retired from administration in 1983 and from the NZP in 1984.
Topic:
Cap-Chur Gun  Search this
Zoos  Search this
Records of meetings, organizations, and professional societies  Search this
Conservation of natural resources  Search this
Giant panda  Search this
Komodo dragon  Search this
Tigers  Search this
Oral history  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Veterinarians  Search this
Zoo directors  Search this
Endangered species  Search this
Genre/Form:
Videotapes
Motion pictures (visual works)
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9568, Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
Identifier:
Record Unit 9568
See more items in:
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru9568

Audio Recordings of Interviews: Total Recording Time: 2.5 hours

Collection Creator::
Reed, Theodore H., interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9568, Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9568-refidd1e1008

Interviews

Collection Creator::
Reed, Theodore H., interviewee  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9568, Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9568-refidd1e252

Interview 1: April 11, 1989

Collection Creator::
Reed, Theodore H., interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9568, Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9568-refidd1e259

Covers his family background, youth and education, and early career as veterinarian, including: Childhood and family; death of father and brother; years in Philippines; courtship of Elizabeth Crandall; early career as a vet, including Oregon work at ra...

Collection Creator::
Reed, Theodore H., interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9568, Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9568-refidd1e274

Transcript, pp. 1-60, of audiotape recording, 2.5 hours.

Collection Creator::
Reed, Theodore H., interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9568, Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9568-refidd1e293

Audio Recordings of Interviews: Total Recording Time: 2.5 hours

Collection Creator::
Reed, Theodore H., interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9568, Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9568-refidd1e304

Interview 2: April 12, 1989

Collection Creator::
Reed, Theodore H., interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9568, Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9568-refidd1e326

Covers his early career at the NZP, including: Joining NZP staff in 1955; staff of NZP when Reed arrived; limited budget when Reed arrived; learning about exotic animals; split appropriations to NZP; and appointment as acting director of the NZP.

Collection Creator::
Reed, Theodore H., interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9568, Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9568-refidd1e341

Transcript, pp. 1-48, of audiotape recording, 2.0 hours.

Collection Creator::
Reed, Theodore H., interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9568, Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9568-refidd1e352

Audio Recordings of Interviews: Total Recording Time: 2.0 hours

Collection Creator::
Reed, Theodore H., interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9568, Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9568-refidd1e363

Interview 3: April 12, 1989

Collection Creator::
Reed, Theodore H., interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9568, Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9568-refidd1e384

Continues discussion of his early years at the NZP, including: His role as acting director of NZP; role as liaison with community and founding of Friends of the National Zoo; lion tragedy; Reed's appointment as director; plans for improvement, especial...

Collection Creator::
Reed, Theodore H., interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9568, Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9568-refidd1e399

Transcript, pp. 1-30, of audiotape recording, 1.5 hours.

Collection Creator::
Reed, Theodore H., interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9568, Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9568-refidd1e411

Audio Recordings of Interviews: Total Recording Time: 1.5 hours

Collection Creator::
Reed, Theodore H., interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9568, Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9568-refidd1e422

Interview 4: April 14, 1989

Collection Creator::
Reed, Theodore H., interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9568, Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9568-refidd1e443

Discusses his role as director, including: Cap-Chur gun development; animal health at NZP; Reed's inventory of hoofed stock in U.S.; difficulties in securing permits for animals; loss of animals due to health threats; end of large expeditions with deve...

Collection Creator::
Reed, Theodore H., interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9568, Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9568-refidd1e458

Transcript, pp. 1-44, of audiotape recording, 2.0 hours.

Collection Creator::
Reed, Theodore H., interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9568, Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9568-refidd1e469

Audio Recordings of Interviews: Total Recording Time: 2.0 hours

Collection Creator::
Reed, Theodore H., interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9568, Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9568-refidd1e480

Interview 5: August 3, 1989

Collection Creator::
Reed, Theodore H., interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9568, Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews
Theodore H. Reed Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9568-refidd1e502

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