Photograph made from a framed print depicting American Indians at groundbreaking ceremonies for Rodman Wanamaker's proposed National Memorial to the First Americans on Staten Island, on February 22, 1913. Included in the image are Cheyenne chief Wooden Leg, Cheyenne chief Two Moons, Rodman Wanamaker, Crow chief Plenty Coups, Crow chief Medicine Crow, Crow Indian White Man Runs Him, and Oglala Sioux chief Jack Red Cloud. The original photograph may have been made by the Bain News Service.
In 1913, department store owner Rodman Wanamaker (1863-1928) sponsored a project that brought American Indians to New York for the groundbreaking of a proposed National Memorial to the First Americans on Staten Island; however, the monument was never built. Wanamaker also sponsored three photographic expeditions between 1908 and 1913, intending to document the "vanishing race" of American Indians.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot R82-55
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Photographs collected by Wanamaker can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 64.
Additional photographs of this event can be found in the Library of Congress in the George Grantham Bain Collection.
The collection is open for research.
Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Photo lot R82-55, Copy photograph of Memorial to First Americans groundbreaking, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Sitting left to right: Black Bear, Little Wound, Black Bird, High Hawk, and Conquering Bear; standing left to right: Hard Heart, Lone Bear, Jack Red Cloud, Shot In The Eye, and Last Horse.
Studio portrait. "[Orig. No.] 346. Copy 1899 by Heyen Photo. Omaha / Black Bear, Hard Heart, Little Wound, Lone Bear, Black Bird, High Hawk, Jack Red Cloud, Shot in the Eye, Conquering Bear, Last Horse / Little Wound & Chiefs Ogallala Sioux," appears handwritten on face of print.