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Ray, G. Carleton, 1977-1992

Collection Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Division of Vertebrate Paleontology  Search this
Container:
Box 11 of 14
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 01-060, National Museum of Natural History. Division of Vertebrate Paleontology, Curatorial Records
See more items in:
Curatorial Records
Curatorial Records / Box 11
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa01-060-refidd1e7120

Records

Creator::
United States Marine Mammal Program  Search this
Extent:
5.5 cu. ft. (11 document boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Clippings
Manuscripts
Date:
circa 1967-1973 and undated
Descriptive Entry:
These records consist of files maintained in the office of the program director of the United States Marine Mammal Program concerning the administration of the Program. Records include administrative files; handwritten notes by the program director; general correspondence; research proposals; records of an international conference; newsletters; reports; copies of legislation concerning marine mammal protection; and publications, newspaper clippings, and miscellany.

Correspondents include Suzanne M. Contos; William E. Evans; Charles O. Handley, Jr.; Kenneth S. Norris; Clayton E. Ray; G. Carleton Ray; William E. Schevill.
Historical Note:
The United States Marine Mammal Program was established in 1969 by the United States National Committee of the International Biological Program (USNC/IBP) and the International Marine Mammal Working Group of the International Biological Program.

In 1964 the International Council of Scientific Unions, a nongovernmental organization, created a Special Committee for the International Biological Program (SCIBP) whose theme was the "Biological Basis for Productivity and Human Welfare." Programs focusing on this theme were developed by SCIBP and were operational from 1967 to 1972, with a later extension to 1974. Participation by the United States government in the International Biological Program began in 1965 when a National Academy of Sciences' ad hoc committee recommended the formation of USNC/IBP.

USNC/IBP's activities were coordinated by the National Science Foundation, which also provided most of the funding. Support funds were also contributed by the Atomic Energy Commission, Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Department of Agriculture, Department of Defense, Smithsonian Institution, and private industry. In 1967, USNC/IBP began a study of marine mammals that finally resulted in the formation of the United States Marine Mammal Program.

The United States Marine Mammal Program was directed by an eleven-member Marine Mammal Council (MMC) appointed by the United States Marine Mammal Working Group. The Council, in turn, named a four-member Executive Committee to oversee daily operations; an office was set up in the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History. Members of the Executive Committee included Program Director G. Carleton Ray of The Johns Hopkins University; Kenneth S. Norris of The Oceanic Institute, Hawaii; Charles O. Handley of the Smithsonian Institution; and William E. Schevill of Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. The program director also served as a member of the International Marine Mammal Working Group. As overseer of the Program, the MMC served as a catalyst for marine mammal studies by aiding in developing a Marine Mammal Study Center at the Smithsonian for the study of fossil and recent mammals; publishing The Marine Mammal Newsletter; sponsoring marine mammal conferences; cooperating with other phases of the United States International Biological Program; and coordinating existing and new research through its Integrated Research Program. By providing information needed for the rational international management of marine mammals, the Marine Mammal Program emphasized the opportunity for ecological studies rather than those having an economic or political basis.

Other related activities of the Council included assisting and advising the United States Congress on marine mammal affairs following the introduction of bills and resolutions. Several Council members also testified before Congressional committee hearings.

On June 30, 1974, the United States' participation in the International Biological Program was officially terminated when funding from the National Science Foundation ceased.
Topic:
Mammalogy  Search this
Genre/Form:
Clippings
Manuscripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7229, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 7229
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7229

Diminishing sea ice

Author:
Krupnik, Igor  Search this
Hufford, Gary L.  Search this
Overland, James E.  Search this
Ray, G. Carleton  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
2008
Topic:
Natural History  Search this
Anthropology  Search this
See others in:
Anthropology
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_73994

Pacific walruses, indigenous hunters, and climate change: Bridging scientific and indigenous knowledge

Author:
Ray, G. Carleton  Search this
Krupnik, Igor  Search this
Object Type:
Smithsonian staff publication
Electronic document
Year:
2007
Topic:
Anthropology  Search this
Natural History  Search this
See others in:
Anthropology
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILSRO_52525

Coastal-marine conservation : science and policy / [edited by] G. Carleton Ray and Jerry McCormick-Ray ; illustrations by Robert L. Smith

Author:
Ray, G. Carleton  Search this
McCormick-Ray, Jerry  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 327 p. : ill., maps ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2003
2004 [i.e. 2003], c2004
Topic:
Coastal ecology  Search this
Nature conservation  Search this
Endangered ecosystems  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_729816

A field guide to Atlantic Coast fishes of North America / C. Richard Robins, G. Carleton Ray ; illustrations by John Douglass and Rudolf Freund; sponsored by the National Audubon Society and the National Wildlife Federation

Author:
Robins, C. Richard  Search this
Ray, G. Carleton  Search this
Douglass, John  Search this
Freund, Rudolf  Search this
National Audubon Society  Search this
National Wildlife Federation  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 354 p., [127] p. of plates : ill. (some col.) ; 19 cm
Type:
Identification
Place:
Atlantic Coast (North America)
Date:
1986
Topic:
Fishes  Search this
Call number:
QL621.5.R63 1986X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_280038

The submarine ecology, acoustics, and parasitology of Antarctic seals : final technical report made to Office of Antarctic Programs, National Sciences [sic] Foundation / submitted by Carleton Ray

Author:
Ray, G. Carleton  Search this
Physical description:
14 leaves ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Antarctica
Date:
1968
Topic:
Seals (Animals)  Search this
Call number:
QL737.P6 R26
QL737.P6R26
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_135574

Wildlife of the polar regions / Carleton Ray

Author:
Ray, G. Carleton  Search this
Physical description:
232 p. : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Polar regions
Polar Regions
Date:
1981
Topic:
Zoology  Search this
Botany  Search this
Call number:
QL84.75 .R39X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_139741

Marine parks for Tanzania. Text and photos. by Carleton Ray

Author:
Ray, G. Carleton  Search this
Tanzania National Parks Board of Trustees  Search this
Conservation Foundation  Search this
New York Zoological Society  Search this
Physical description:
47 p. illus. (part col.), col. map. 21 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Tanzania
Indian Ocean
Date:
1968
Topic:
Marine parks and reserves  Search this
Call number:
QH91.75.T3R3X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_194051

The whale problem; a status report. William E. Schevill, editor. G. Carleton Ray and Kenneth S. Norris, consulting editors

Author:
International Conference on the Biology of Whales (1971 : Shenandoah National Park, Va)  Search this
Schevill, William Edward 1906-  Search this
Ray, G. Carleton  Search this
Norris, Kenneth S (Kenneth Stafford)  Search this
United States Department of the Interior  Search this
Physical description:
x, 419 p. illus. 25 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1974
Topic:
Whales  Search this
Wildlife conservation  Search this
Call number:
QL737.C4 I48 1971X
QL737.C4I48 1971X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_48174

The underwater guide to marine life [by] Carleton Ray and Elgin Ciampi

Author:
Ray, G. Carleton  Search this
Ciampi, Elgin  Search this
Physical description:
xiii, 338 p. illus., col. plates, maps, profiles. 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1956
[1956]
Topic:
Marine biology  Search this
Deep diving  Search this
Call number:
QH91 .R26
QH91.R26
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_50513

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