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Lehigh Valley Railroad Records

Creator:
Lehigh Valley Railroad Company  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Work and Industry  Search this
Extent:
3.25 Cubic feet (7 boxes, 1 map-folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Correspondence
Payrolls
Blueprints
Reports
Date:
1860-1940
Summary:
Papers and photographs documenting the Lehigh Valley Railroad.
Scope and Contents note:
The collection consists of papers and photographs relating to the infrastructure of the Lehigh Valley Railroad, including correspondence, blueprints, inspection reports, plat and profile books, and photographs of tracks and bridges.
Biographical/Historical note:
Originally known as the Delaware, Lehigh, Schuylkill and Susquehanna Railroad, the Lehigh Valley Railroad (LVRR) competed for the lucrative anthracite coal transport trade in northeastern Pennsylvania. It dominated the industry in eastern Pennsylvania, New York and New Jersey, becoming known as the "Route of the Black Diamond." The Delaware, Lehigh, Schuylkill and Susquehanna Railroad was first suggested by prominent members of Lehigh and Northampton Counties, and the bill was carried through the legislature by Dr. Jesse Samuel, then a representative from Lehigh County. In August 1847, the necessary certificate to the Governor was signed for the purpose of obtaining a charter of incorporation. The name of the company was changed to Lehigh Valley Railroad Company by an act of assembly on January 7, 1853. Although the railroad did carry passengers, it depended mainly on the transportation of coal as its source of profit. The demise of the coal industry and the rise of auto and air transportation in the 1950s led to its financial ruin and a takeover by the Pennsylvania Railroad in 1960. The records were acquired over the course of several years from the main offices of the LVRR.

Source

Historical note courtesy the Lehigh Valley Railroad (LVRR) Company Records Collection MG-274, Pennsylvania State Archives
Related Archival Materials:
Materials at the Archives Center

Coxe Brothers Collection (NMAH.AC.1002)

Girard Estate Records (NMAH.AC.1011)

Lehigh Valley Coal Company Records (NMAH.AC.1106)

Materials at Other Organizations

Lehigh Valley Railroad (LVRR) Company Records Collection MG-274, 1849-1962, undated

The bulk of the records are 703 volumes of minutes, reports, journals, ledgers, cash books, company history, records of lands owned by the LVRR, and other records pertaining to everyday operations. Major series include: Minutes of the Board of Directors, 1850-1962 (which, among other things, contain information on accidents); Annual Reports, 1852-1975; Trustee Files, [ca. 1900-1982]; Cash Books, 1855-1952; Ledger, 1853-1955; and Real Estate Department Records, 1878-1951. (For records documenting personnel see Robert Dructor's publication: Guide to Genealogical Sources at the Pennsylvania State Archives, 2nd ed.) Records of Subsidiary Companies, consisting of 1,421 volumes, are organized by transportation companies, 1851-1950, and non-transportation, 1844-1947, then arranged alphabetically by company name. For each company there are minutes and/or financial accounts. Also included are three cubic feet (over five-hundred items) of photographic negatives taken by staff photographers. Subjects include construction of the Claremont Terminal, Jersey City, New Jersey, 1917-1923; ruins of the Morris Canal near Washington, New Jersey; the 1902 Lehigh River flood near Easton; and construction of an unidentified engine and freight-house, probably in Buffalo, 1915.
Provenance:
Original provenance unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Railroad bridges  Search this
Railroads -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Railroads -- Maintenance and repair  Search this
Railroads -- Buildings and structures  Search this
Railroad tracks  Search this
Railroad companies -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1920-1940
Correspondence
Payrolls
Blueprints
Reports
Citation:
Lehigh Valley Railroad Records, 1882-1936, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1046
See more items in:
Lehigh Valley Railroad Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8d5609b35-34e7-4134-b61d-f2df06a8ca39
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1046

Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Company Records

Creator:
Philadelphia & Reading Railroad Co.  Search this
Names:
Atlantic City Railroad  Search this
Mine Hill & Schuylkill Haven Railroad  Search this
Reading Belt Railroad  Search this
Bines, William H.  Search this
Boggs, George B.  Search this
Buckholz, Charles W.  Search this
Byers, Charles E.  Search this
Chamberlain, E.C.  Search this
Davis, N.M.  Search this
Gowen, Franklin B.  Search this
Jamison, Robert  Search this
Keim, George DeB  Search this
Lorenz, William  Search this
Manning, Charles P.  Search this
Nichols, Henry K.  Search this
Rice, George  Search this
Richardson, F.E.  Search this
Royers, John H.  Search this
Steele, J. Dutton  Search this
Thompson, J.W.  Search this
Whitney, E.S.  Search this
Wilson, H.T.  Search this
Wootten, John E.  Search this
Yarington, T.O.  Search this
Zacharias, H.C.  Search this
Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Transportation  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Engineering and Industry  Search this
Extent:
18 Cubic feet (78 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Right of way deeds
Reports
Letterpress copybooks
Mechanical drawings
Estimates
Financial statements
Circular letters
Bills
Accident reports
Correspondence
Place:
Lackawanna County (Pa.)
Luzerne County (Pa.)
Cressona (Pa.)
Harrisburg (Pa.)
Norristown (Pa.)
Philadelphia (Pa.)
New Jersey
Sumerton (Pa.)
Cheltenham (Pa.)
Sunbury (Pa.)
Reading (Pa.)
Trenton (N.J.)
Schuylkill County (Pa.)
Pennsylvania
Date:
1860-1936
Summary:
Collection of engineering reports and correspondence from the Engineering Department of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Company. The Philadelphia and Reading Railroad was most used for the transportation of anthracite coal within Pennsylvania from 1833 through the early 1970s.
Scope and Contents:
Primarily outgoing correspondence from the Engineering Department of the Philadelphia & Reading Railroad Company, the remainder being engineering reports and other miscellaneous papers.

Series 1: Letterpress Copybooks consists of 219 volumes from various engineers, each with own index (1865-1892): were generated by Chief Engineer, Assistant Chief Engineer, various resident engineers, other lower-level engineers, and the Chief Road-Master. Bulk of copybooks created by William H. Bines and Henry K. Nichols during long careers with the Philadelphia & Reading. Other volumes contain letters and reports by Charles W. Buckholz, Charles E. Byers, William Lorenz, and others. Correspondence covers all aspects of the engineering operations of the railroad, much of it at highest levels, being addressed to the Presidents of the Reading. Also includes one letterbook from John E. Wooten (1865), Superintendent.

Series 2: Reports of Chief Engineer to Auditor, 1908-1910; structural design calculation notebooks, 1901-1935; right of way deeds, 1903; and tracings of assorted machine parts.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into five series.

Series 1: Letterpress Copybooks, 1866-1870

Series 2: Chief Engineer Standard Plans, 1904-1942 Series 3: Construction Reports, 1901-1913

Series 4: Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) Valuation of Railroads, 1913-1922

Series 5: Reports and Miscellaneous Papers, 1860-1936
Biographical / Historical:
This railroad was chartered in 1833 to provide low-cost transportation from the Schuylkill and Mahanoy anthracite coal fields in eastern Pennsylvania to Philadelphia. Main line from Philadelphia to Pottsville opened 1842. Reading expanded by acquiring other railroads, and by 1869 had monopoly of coal traffic from Schuylkill anthracite region.

Expansion accelerated when Franklin B. Gowen became president (1869) and attempted to dominate entire anthracite trade. Purchased Schuylkill Canal (1870) to eliminate competition for coal trade; then organized the Philadelphia & Reading Coal & Iron Company in 1871 to purchase and operate coal mines; secured over 40 percent of U.S. anthracite reserves, but debt incurred led railroad to bankruptcy and receivership (1880). Gowen's reckless style drove the Reading into second receivership (1886), and he was forced to resign.

Gowen's Successor, Archibald A. McLeod, tried to increase company control over anthracite trade (1892-1893), then control of several New England railroads. The Reading went bankrupt again and McLeod was ousted. In a reorganization (1896), the Philadelphia & Reading Railroad and the Coal & Iron Company became properties of the Reading Company, a holding company. Later additions to system were infrequent and largely confined to short branches and improvements inalignment. Due to anti-trust proceedings, company divested mining subsidiary (1923) and merged wholly owned railroad companies into an operating company. Acquired Lehigh & Susquehanna Railroad 1963, went bankrupt in early 1970s, and conveyed portions of its lines to Conrail (1976). The reorganized Reading Company retains real estate and other non-rail holdings.
Related Materials:
Hagley Museum & Library, Manuscripts & Archives Department, P.O. Box 3630, Wilmington, Delaware 19807.
Provenance:
Collection donated by the Reading Company, Philadelphia, Pa., 1960s.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Railroad accidents  Search this
Railroad engineering  Search this
Railroads -- New Jersey  Search this
Railroads -- Buildings and structures  Search this
Coal mines and mining -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Coal -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Railroad companies -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Engineering  Search this
Engineers  Search this
Railroad engineers  Search this
Coal -- Transportation  Search this
Anthracite coal industry  Search this
Railroads -- Surveying  Search this
Railroad tracks  Search this
Railroads -- Maintenance and repair  Search this
Railroads -- Signalling  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Railroads -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Genre/Form:
Right of way deeds
Reports
Letterpress copybooks
Mechanical drawings
Estimates
Financial statements
Circular letters
Bills
Accident reports
Correspondence -- 1930-1950
Citation:
Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Company Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0208
See more items in:
Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8e44f13bf-04bf-4b9e-a922-1f180aa7a596
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0208

Railway maintenance : the men and machines that keep the railroads running / Brian Solomon

Author:
Solomon, Brian 1966-  Search this
Physical description:
127 p. : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2001
Topic:
Railroads--Equipment and supplies  Search this
Railroads--Maintenance and repair  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_716480

[Trade catalogs on track tools ... ]

Author:
Woodings-Verona Tool Works  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries American History Trade Literature Collection DSI  Search this
Physical description:
<2> v. : ill
Type:
Catalogs
Trade catalogs
Date:
1933
1933-
Topic:
Railroads--Track--Maintenance and repair--Equipment and supplies  Search this
Call number:
054172
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_730882

A record of the transportation exhibits at the World's Columbian Exposition of 1893 [microform] / by James Dredge

Author:
Dredge, James 1840-1906  Search this
World's Columbian Exposition (1893 : Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
Physical description:
lii, 779 p. : ill. ; 38 cm
Type:
Microforms
Date:
1894
Topic:
Transportation  Search this
Locomotives  Search this
Horse-drawn rail cars  Search this
Railroad cars--Maintenance and repair  Search this
Railroad cars  Search this
Ship models  Search this
Ordnance  Search this
Call number:
mfm 003107.117.13
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_484372

[Trade catalogs on turret lathes, turret lathe tools and equipment: turning equipment, turret screw machines, chucking tools, bushings and bearings, bar tools, cross slide tools, holding devices, dimension drawings; iron and brass working machine tools; crawler, rubber-tired, self-propelled and railroad model construction, excavating and maintenance equipment: hydraulic backhoes, 4-wheel drive hyd...

Author:
Warner & Swasey  Search this
G.A. Gray Co  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries American History Trade Literature Collection DSI  Search this
Physical description:
<186> v. : ill. (some col.)
Type:
Catalogs
Trade catalogs
Date:
1887
1887-
Topic:
Lathes  Search this
Lathes--Equipment and supplies  Search this
Turning--Equipment and supplies--Catalogs  Search this
Construction equipment  Search this
Excavating machinery  Search this
Railroads--Maintenance and repair--Equipment and supplies--Catalogs  Search this
Cleaning--Equipment and supplies  Search this
Machine-tools  Search this
Planer saws--Catalogs  Search this
Milling machinery  Search this
Drilling and boring machinery  Search this
Astronomical instruments  Search this
Grinding machines  Search this
Grinding machines--Equipment and supplies--Catalogs  Search this
Duplex Beaver (Brand name)  Search this
Hopto (Brand name)  Search this
Insta-Hitch (Brand name)  Search this
Snap-Mount (Brand name)  Search this
Hopto Snap-Mount (Brand name)  Search this
Gradall (Brand name)  Search this
Hydro-Scopic (Brand name)  Search this
Call number:
47919
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_469206

Assessment data and treatment recommendations report : B & O Railroad Bridge Piers Stabilization Design Project, Harpers Ferry National Historical Park, National Capital Region : final report / prepared by Williamsport Historic Preservation Training Center, Harpers Ferry Center

Author:
Williamsport Historic Preservation Training Center (Harpers Ferry Center)  Search this
Physical description:
48, [83] leaves : ill. (some col.), plans (most folded) ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
West Virginia
Harpers Ferry
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park
Date:
1994
[1994]
Topic:
Railroad bridges--Foundations and piers  Search this
Historic bridges--Maintenance and repair  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_472481

Tracking R&D, research & development / by Allan M. Zarembski

Author:
Zarembski, A. M (Allan Mark)  Search this
Physical description:
x, 211 p. : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1993
Topic:
Railroads--Track--Maintenance and repair  Search this
Railroads--Rails--Maintenance and repair  Search this
Railroad engineering  Search this
Call number:
TF530 .Z36 1993
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_461366

Construction and maintenance of railway roadbed and track : arranged and compiled from authoritative sources with an exhaustive description of railway surveys and construction / by Frederick J. Prior

Author:
Prior, Frederick John 1858-  Search this
Physical description:
iii, 569, xv p., [7] leaves of plates (folded) : ill. ; 17 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1908
Topic:
Railroads--Design and construction  Search this
Railroads--Maintenance and repair  Search this
Railroad engineering  Search this
Call number:
TF200 .P95 1908
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_485954

Public works equipment [videorecording] : in retrospect / American Public Works Association

Author:
American Public Works Association  Search this
Public Works Historical Society  Search this
Physical description:
1 videocassette (15 min.) : sd., col. ; 1/2 in
Type:
Videorecordings
Place:
United States
Date:
1991
Topic:
Public works--Equipment and supplies--History  Search this
Municipal services--History  Search this
Streets--Maintenance and repair--History  Search this
Municipal engineering--Equipment and supplies  Search this
Call number:
video 000253
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_461503

Railway reporter

Author:
Railway Reporter Company  Search this
Physical description:
v. : ill. ; 32-39 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Place:
United States
Date:
1880
1880-
Topic:
Railroads  Search this
Railroads--Employees--Periodicals  Search this
Railroads--Maintenance and repair--Periodicals  Search this
Railroads--Equipment and supplies--Periodicals  Search this
Call number:
HE1001 .R153
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_487326

Manual of recommended practice for railway engineering and maintenance of way, containing the definitions, specifications and principles of practice adopted and recommended by the American railway engineering and maintenance of way association. Publication approved by the Board of direction

Author:
American Railway Engineering Association  Search this
Physical description:
291 p. illus., fold. tables, diagrs. 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1907
[1907?]
Topic:
Railway Engineering  Search this
Railroads--Maintenance and repair  Search this
Call number:
TF145 .A51 1907
TF145.A51 1907
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_436659

Improvements at Defiance, Ohio, June-November 1916 / Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company

Author:
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company  Search this
Physical description:
[35] leaves : all ill. ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Ohio
Defiance
Date:
1916
[1916]
Topic:
Railroads--Maintenance and repair  Search this
Call number:
TF530 .B19 1916
TF530.B19 1916
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_401762

Railway engineering and maintenance cyclopedia

Author:
American Railway Engineering Association  Search this
Physical description:
6 v. ill. 30 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Date:
1921
Topic:
Railroads--Maintenance and repair  Search this
Call number:
TF530.A1 R15
TF530.A1R15
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_84002

Maintenance of way rules, Military Railway Service / War Department, 4 February 1944

Author:
United States War Department  Search this
Subject:
United States War Department Military Railway Service  Search this
Physical description:
175 p. : ill. ; 18 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1944
Topic:
Military railroads  Search this
Railroads--Maintenance and repair  Search this
Call number:
UG345 .U58 1944
UG345.U58 1944
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_321085

Car builders c̕yclopedia of American practice : definitions and typical illustrations of railroad and industrial cars, their parts and equipment ; cars built in America for export to foreign countries ; descriptions and illustrations of shops and equipment employed in the construction and repair of cars / editor, C.L. Combes

Author:
Combes, C. L  Search this
Association of American Railroads Mechanical Division  Search this
Physical description:
1114 p. : ill. ; 31 cm
Type:
Encyclopedias
Date:
1957
C1957
Topic:
Railroad cars--Design and construction  Search this
Railroad cars--Maintenance and repair  Search this
Call number:
TF373 .C25 1957
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1012928

Catalogue of injectors, injector attachments, lubricators, oilers, engine and boiler fittings

Author:
Nathan Manufacturing Company  Search this
Physical description:
175 p., [3] fold. leaves of plates : ill., diagrs. ; 32 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1907
Topic:
Locomotives--Maintenance and repair  Search this
Railroads--Equipment and supplies  Search this
Call number:
TJ608.N27
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_103982

Car builders' dictionary and cyclopedia definitions and illustrations of American railway cars, their parts and equipment compiled and edited for the Master car builders' association by Roy V. Wright and Charles N. Winter

Author:
Winter, Charles N  Search this
Wright, Roy V (Roydon Vincent),) 1876-  Search this
Master Car Builders' Association  Search this
Physical description:
1334 pages illustrations, plates, plans 30 cm
Type:
Encyclopedias
Date:
1919
Topic:
Railroad cars--Design and construction  Search this
Railroad cars--Maintenance and repair  Search this
Call number:
TF373 .C25 1919
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1012930

Car builders' cyclopedia of American practice definitions and typical illustrations of cars, their parts and equipment; descriptions and illustrations of shops and tools employed in their construction and repair; cars built in America for industrial operations and foreign railroads compiled and edited for the American Railway association--Division V, Mechanical(formerly Master car builders' associ...

Author:
Winter, Charles Nicholas 1877-  Search this
American Railway Association Mechanical Division  Search this
Contributor:
Wright, Roy V (Roydon Vincent) 1876-  Search this
Physical description:
1,192 pages illustrations 31 cm
Type:
Dictionaries
Encyclopedias
Place:
United States
Date:
1922
Topic:
Railroad cars  Search this
Railroad cars--Construction  Search this
Railroad cars--Design and construction  Search this
Railroad cars--Maintenance and repair  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1007372

Car builders c̕yclopedia of American practice : definitions and typical illustrations of railroad and industrial cars, their parts and equipment ; cars built in America for export to foreign countries ; descriptions and illustrations of shops and equipment employed in the construction and repair of cars / editor, C.B. Peck ... [et al.]

Author:
Peck, C. B  Search this
Association of American Railroads Mechanical Division  Search this
Physical description:
1280 p. : ill. ; 30 cm
Type:
Encyclopedias
Date:
1953
C1953
Topic:
Railroad cars--Design and construction  Search this
Railroad cars--Maintenance and repair  Search this
Call number:
TF373 .C25 1953
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1012929

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