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Jackson & Sharp Car Company Records and American Car & Foundry Company Collection

Creator:
American Car and Foundry Co. (Jackson & Sharp Car Co.)  Search this
Jackson & Sharp Car Co.  Search this
Source:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Transportation  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Transportation  Search this
Extent:
2.5 Cubic feet (6 boxes, 21 volumes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Cost account books
Albumen prints
Account books
Photographs
Order books
Lists
Place:
Delaware
Date:
1884-1948
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains order books, including design details of a wide variety of passenger, freight and specialty cars (including self-propelled electric cars), and cost accounts for the production department. Also included are 21 volumes of photographs of finished cars, arranged by lot number. These have separate indexes arranged alphabetically and by photograph number.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into two series.

Series 1: Records,

Series 2: Photographs
Biographical / Historical:
The Jackson and Sharp Car Company, a manufacturer of railroad passenger cars, street railway cars, and ships, was incorporated in Delaware on February 24, 1869, as the successor to the partnership of Jackson & Sharp. Job H. Jackson (1833 1901), a tinsmith and mechanic, and Jacob F. Sharp (ca. 1815 1888), an experienced car builder, opened a small car building shop in Wilmington, Delaware, in 1863. Wilmington was a major center for the manufacture of railroad passenger cars prior to the development of Pullman, Illinois, in 1881. Sharp retired from the business in 1870. Soon after, Jackson erected the larger Delaware Car Works facility at the foot of 8th Street. A shipyard was added in 1875. By the late 1880s, the company was turning out about 400 cars per year, as well as sash work and panelling for buildings.

The American Car & Foundry Company purchased Jackson and Sharp in 1901 when Jackson died. American Car & Foundry, incorporated in New Jersey in 1899, was a typical late 19th century merger of many small car building companies. The Jackson and Sharp plant in Wilmington was used primarily for the construction of railroad cars for export orders until around 1920. From the end of World War One until 1938, the plant was kept open by building small pleasure boats. During World War Two the plant produced minesweepers. The plant was closed around 1945.
Related Materials:
The Delaware State Archives

Collection of approximately 3,000 negatives and photographs from Jackson and Sharp and American Car & Foundry. These include views of ships, electric railway cars, and railroad equipment. A description of the Delaware State Archives' collection can be found in the control file for coll. #156 and a copy of the microfiche listing of these photos is available in the Archives Center's microfiche cabinet. The Archives also holds over 160 drawings and blueprints for cars and ships, dating from 1881 1937 The Hagley Museum and Library of Wilmington, Delaware, contains several collections of Jackson & Sharp records. These include historical materials; contracts for car orders, 1898 1905; and drawings and blueprints, 1895 1930. A smaller body of Jackson & Sharp records is in the Historical Society of Delaware, in Wilmington.

New Jersey Historical Society

Manuscript Group 802, William F. Cone (1874-1966), Business records and negatives, 1880s-1966

Series 6 documents the production of railroad cars and marine vessels by the Jackson & Sharpe Plant of the American Car & Foundry Co., Wilmington, Delaware mostly between 1913-1929. Images of railroad cars the company produced include wooden and steel open platform cars, baggage cars, refrigerator cars, Pullman cars, railway post offices, sleeping cars, dining cars, engine rooms, parlor cars, box cars, gondola cars, flat cars, four-wheel trucks (the sets of wheels under train cars), underframes, interior furnishings for railroad cars, mantles, moldings and medallions. These products were made for railroad companies in the U.S., South America, Central America, and Cuba. Also included are images of the marine vessels the company produced including tugboats, scows and dredges, and several "named" vessels.
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Special care required in handling photographs, as the bound volumes are in poor condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Railroads -- Cars  Search this
Genre/Form:
Cost account books
Albumen prints
Account books
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver albumen -- 1850-1900
Order books
Lists -- Photographs
Citation:
Jackson and Sharp Car Co. Records and American Car and Foundry Co. Collection, 1884-1948, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0156
See more items in:
Jackson & Sharp Car Company Records and American Car & Foundry Company Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0156

John H. White, Jr. Railroad Reference Collection

Collector:
Watkins, J. Elfreth (John Elfreth), 1852-1903  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Transportation  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Transportation  Search this
Creator:
White, John H., 1933-  Search this
Extent:
31.33 Cubic feet (94 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Ephemera
Manuscripts
Writings
Articles
Photographs
Photocopies
Research
Date:
1880s-1990
Scope and Contents:
The archivist has arranged the collection into five separate series: Series 1: CAR BUILDERS, arranged alphabetically by company or individual. Series 2: EQUIPMENT - ROLLING STOCK, arranged in two sections: alphabetically by White's heading: Articles in Progress and alphabetical by type of railroad car under White's heading: Research Files for Book in Progress. Series 3: LOCOMOTIVES, arranged alphabetically by Locomotive builders in two sections, first by individual company and second by individuals. Series 4: RAILROAD COMPANIES AND LINES, arranged alphabetically by railroad companies and railroad lines. Series 5: PUBLICATIONS, White's files for his book The American Railroad Freight Car, which are arranged into two sections, Illustrations and Text. Both sections are arranged numerically by chapters or sections of the book.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into five series. Most material arranged alphabetically and chronologically.

Series 1: Car Builders

Series 2: Equipment--Rolling Stock

Subseries 2.1: Articles in progress

Subseries 2.2: Research Files for Books in Progress

Series 3: Locomotives

Series 4: Railroad Companies and Lines

Series 5: Publications
Biographical / Historical:
John H. White, Jr., (1933- ), historian and museum curator, was born in Cincinnati, Ohio. He graduated with a B.A. in history from Miami University, Ohio, in 1958. Shortly after receiving his degree, White joined the staff of the Smithsonian Institution as Assistant Curator of the Division of Transportation, Department of Science and Technology, National Museum of History and Technology (NMHT). White became Associate Curator of the Division, 1961-1966, Curator, 1967-1985, and Senior Historian, 1986-1989. White specialized in land transportation, particularly the history of railroads. He retired in 1990. His papers, the John H. White, Jr., Papers, circa 1959-1989 are at the Smithsonian Institution Archives.

This collection of railroad materials was begun many years ago by employees of the Smithsonian Institution, and maintained later by curators and museum specialists working in the Division of Transportation, NMHT, later named the National Museum of American History (NMAH).

Some of the clippings date back to the time of J. Elfreth Watkins in the 1880-1890s. In 1885 Watkins was appointed Curator of the Section of Steam Transportation, which was successively known as Transportation and Engineering, and Technological Collections. Other portions of White's collection were clearly from Carl Mitman, author of several hundred entries on inventors and engineers in the Dictionary of American Biography and a Smithsonian employee who served as Curator of Mechanical Technology in 1919. In 1921 Mitman took the title of Curator of the Divisions of Mineral and Mechanical Technology, serving in this capacity until 1931. In 1931 the Division of Engineering was established. Mitman served as Curator of the Division and in charge of Mineral Technology, 1931-1938, Head Curator of the Department of Arts and Industries, 1932-1938, and Head Curator of the Department of Engineering and Industries, 1938-1948.

Some portions of this collection were acquired under the time of Frank A. Taylor (Mitman's protégé) who was Assistant Curator, 1928-1931, Assistant Curator for Mechanical Technology, 1932, Curator of the Division and in charge of Mechanical Technology, 1932-1948, Head Curator of the Division of Engineering and Industry, 1948-1957. In 1955 Taylor was appointed Assistant Director, United States National Museum (USNM), with special responsibility for planning the new NMHT, and in 1958 was appointed the first Director of the new museum. In 1962 Taylor became Director of the USNM with responsibility for both the National Museum of Natural History and NMHT.

Smith Hempstone Oliver of the Division of Transportation also kept up the files to a degree, though his main interest was in automobiles.

When White started employment at the Museum in June, 1958, there were, perhaps, two file cabinets on railroads. As Mr. White mentions in a letter to the archivist in March of 2002, "It was and is a great mix of odds and ends -- photos, news clippings, small prints, manufacturing catalogs, post cards, etc. Some junk and some treasure."

White found the material very useful for research and greatly expanded the collection. It more than doubled in size during his years in the Division, 1958-1990. The collection was White's working file and was set up to meet his needs. According to White, the collections greatest lack was cross referencing -- which was mostly in his head. He could usually find things but the organization might be confusing to other users. It was not intended for public use.

White is the author of many books on railroads, including:

American Locomotives: An Engineering History, 1830-1880. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1968; 1997.

Early American Locomotives, with 147 engraving. New York: Dover Publications, 1972.

American Single Locomotives and the "Pioneer". Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1973.

The Pioneer, Chicago's First Locomotive. Chicago: Chicago Historical Society, 1976.

The American Railroad Passenger Car. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1978.

The John Bull, 150 Years a Locomotive. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1981.

A Short History of American Locomotive Builders in the Steam Era. Washington, D.C.: Bass, 1982.

Great Yellow Fleet: A History of American Railroad Refrigerator Cars. Golden West Books, 1986

The American Railroad Freight Car: From the Wood-Car Era to the Coming of Steel. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993.
Provenance:
The manuscript was donated by Jack White in 1995.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Railroads -- History  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ephemera
Manuscripts
Writings
Articles
Photographs -- 19th century
Photocopies
Research
Citation:
John H. White, Jr. Railroad Reference Collection, ca. 1830-1980, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0523
See more items in:
John H. White, Jr. Railroad Reference Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0523
Online Media:

Drawing # RS-4001A Gilbert Car Manufacturing Co./Lake Street Elevated Railroad Lake Street elevated railroad passenger car November 1883

Collection Creator:
Chicago City Railway Company.  Search this
West Chicago Street Railroad Company.  Search this
Pennsylvania & West Virginia Railway.  Search this
Chicago Transit Authority.  Search this
Chicago Surface Lines.  Search this
Collection Source:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Transportation  Search this
Container:
Map-folder 13
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Chicago Surface Lines Drawings, 1880-1948, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Chicago Surface Lines Drawings
Chicago Surface Lines Drawings / Series 7: Miscellaneous
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0212-ref220

Drawing # RS 4003 Lake Street Elevated Railroad Passenger car, gas and vacuum brake, piping lettering, striping August 17, 1895

Collection Creator:
Chicago City Railway Company.  Search this
West Chicago Street Railroad Company.  Search this
Pennsylvania & West Virginia Railway.  Search this
Chicago Transit Authority.  Search this
Chicago Surface Lines.  Search this
Collection Source:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Transportation  Search this
Container:
Map-folder 13
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Chicago Surface Lines Drawings, 1880-1948, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Chicago Surface Lines Drawings
Chicago Surface Lines Drawings / Series 7: Miscellaneous
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0212-ref222

Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection

Collector:
Kovan, Florice Whyte  Search this
Author:
Whyte, Virgil (bandleader)  Search this
Names:
United Service Organizations (U.S.)  Search this
Virgil Whyte's "All-Girl" Band  Search this
Extent:
3 Cubic feet (11 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Postage stamps
Videotapes
Audiotapes
Postcards
Soap
Labels
Letterheads
Announcements
Clippings
Photomechanical prints
Photographs
Packages
Diaries
Place:
Racine (Wis.) -- 1940-1950
Date:
1942-1948, 1991-1993
Scope and Contents:
Includes 7 VHS videotapes and 1 audio tape produced by Florice Whyte Kovan, containing interviews and recollections by some band members. Studio portraits and snapshot photographs in 3 scrapbooks, which also contain display advertisements and newspaper clippings from about the band, 1940s. Snapshots include documentation of the band's travels and leisure activities while on the road, including swimming, horseback riding, etc. Packaged hotel soap bars collected by Betty Hansen during the bands' touring documents their itinerary, as do picture postcards written by Alice Smaus Jacoby.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into seven series.

Series 1: Unmounted snapshots

Series 2: Scrapbooks

Series 3: Alice Smaus Jacoby's postcards

Series 4: Packaged soap samples

Series 5: Audiovisual Materials

Series 6: Framed Portrait Photoprints

Series 7: Oversized Photoprints

The scrapbook pages are arranged in original order, apparently partly chronological, but series 1 snapshots are in topical order.
Biographical / Historical:
Founded 1942 in Racine, Wis., by Virgil Whyte, his "all-girl" band was composed of young Racine women. Whyte was instructor, manager, and the initial leader on drums; later his sister Alice took over as drummer. After initial success in Racine and elsewhere in Wisconsin, the band began to accept engagements in other parts of the country, eventually touring the U.S. The band's success drew other acts and performers, including Jill Fontaine and the Wilford Mae Trio, Sam Hearn (known as "Schlepperman"), the Woodson Sisters, and Paul La Verre and Bro. They did U.S.O. tours, entertaining servicemen.

The principal donor, a free-lance researcher and writer, is the daughter of Virgil Whyte.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Florice Kovan, 1993.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Occupation:
Tap dancers -- 1940-1950  Search this
Topic:
Travel photography -- 1940-1950 -- U.S.  Search this
Barracks -- 1940-1950  Search this
Railroad passenger cars  Search this
Horseback riding -- 1940-1950  Search this
Singers -- 1940-1950  Search this
Comedians -- 1940-1950  Search this
Jazz musicians -- 1940-1950  Search this
Band music -- 1940-1950  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Musicians  Search this
Horses -- 1940-1950  Search this
Women musicians -- 1930-1950  Search this
Beaches -- 1940-1950  Search this
Swimming pools -- 1940-1950  Search this
Swimming -- 1940-1950  Search this
Jazz -- 1940-1950  Search this
Portraits -- Women  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postage stamps
Videotapes
Audiotapes
Postcards
Soap -- Packaged
Labels
Letterheads
Announcements
Clippings
Photomechanical prints
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1940-1950
Packages
Diaries
Citation:
Virgil Whyte's "All-Girl" Band Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0503
See more items in:
Virgil Whyte "All-Girl" Band Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0503
Online Media:

Don't Waste Transportation of the 6,800 Pullman Sleeping Cars ... A Large Part Are Assigned to Troop Service ...

Issuing body:
Association of American Railroads  Search this
Creator:
Association of American Railroads  Search this
Collection Creator:
Princeton University  Search this
Extent:
1 Poster (1/2 size; Multi-color, 71 x 56 cm)
Container:
Map-folder 431
Type:
Archival materials
Posters
Place:
United States
Image:
Main Image: U.S. soldiers in a railroad passenger car
Local numbers:
Princeton Poster# 3345
General:
Issued by: Association of American Railroads

Artist(s): Anon
Printing Info:
Property of Princeton [...] Received MAY 1 1943
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Copyright status of items varies. Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Travel  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- Posters -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Posters
Posters -- World War, 1939-1945 -- United States
Collection Citation:
Princeton University Posters Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Princeton University Poster Collection
Princeton University Poster Collection / Series 4: World War Two / United States
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0433-ref14683

[Pullman car sleeping compartment : photoprint]

Creator:
Pullman Palace Car Co.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Pullman Palace Car Co.  Search this
Pullman, George M., 1831-1897  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (9.7" x 7.8")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
circa 1935
Scope and Contents:
Three women in sleeping compartment, showing bunk bed and door to lavatory. Caption: "Compartment made up for night occupancy. Door at right is wardrobe. The door next to it open[s?] into enclosed toilet and lavatory."
Arrangement:
In Box 3, Folder 21?
Local Numbers:
AC0181-0000010 (AC Scan No.)
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment. Photographs must be handled with cotton gloves unless protected by sleeves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Railroad passenger cars  Search this
Railroad cars  Search this
Bunk beds  Search this
beds  Search this
Railroad travel  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1930-1940 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
Pullman Palace Car Company Collection, 1867-1982, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Pullman Palace Car Company Collection
Pullman Palace Car Company Collection / Series 7: Photographs / Passengers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0181-ref633

Private car "Grassmere." [interior view: [lithograph]

Collector:
Pullman Palace Car Co.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Pullman Palace Car Co.  Search this
Pullman, George M., 1831-1897  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (approx. 6.6" x 9.2")
Type:
Archival materials
Lithographs
Date:
undated
Arrangement:
In series ?, box ?, folder ?.
Local Numbers:
AC0181-0000016 (AC Scan No.)
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment. Photographs must be handled with cotton gloves unless protected by sleeves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Railroad cars  Search this
Railroad passenger cars  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lithographs
Collection Citation:
Pullman Palace Car Company Collection, 1867-1982, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Pullman Palace Car Company Collection
Pullman Palace Car Company Collection / Series 1: Historical Background Materials / Wagner Palace Car Company, An Illustrated Descriptive List of Sleeping, Drawing-Room, Hotel, Private, and Special Plan Cars
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0181-ref648

Private car "Ellsmere" [description and floor plan: document]

Collector:
Pullman Palace Car Co.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Pullman Palace Car Co.  Search this
Pullman, George M., 1831-1897  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (approx. 6.5" x 9.3")
Type:
Archival materials
Documents
Floor plans
Date:
undated
Arrangement:
In series ?, box ?, folder ?.
Local Numbers:
AC0181-0000015.tif (AC Scan No.)
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment. Photographs must be handled with cotton gloves unless protected by sleeves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Railroad cars  Search this
Railroad passenger cars  Search this
Genre/Form:
Documents
Floor plans
Collection Citation:
Pullman Palace Car Company Collection, 1867-1982, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Pullman Palace Car Company Collection
Pullman Palace Car Company Collection / Series 1: Historical Background Materials / Wagner Palace Car Company, An Illustrated Descriptive List of Sleeping, Drawing-Room, Hotel, Private, and Special Plan Cars
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0181-ref649

Railroad Passenger Car by Jack White, 6/1978

Collection Creator:
National Museum of American History, Office of Public Affairs  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 360, National Museum of American History, Office of Public Affairs, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Box 4
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0360-refd1e1643

Press Releases, 1973-1978 (4 folders), including:

Collection Creator:
National Museum of American History, Office of Public Affairs  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 360, National Museum of American History, Office of Public Affairs, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Box 7
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0360-refd1e2018

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Tours

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
3.68 Cubic feet (consisting of 8 boxes, 1 folder, 3 oversize folders.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Travel brochures
Commercial correspondence
Letterheads
Receipts
Print advertising
Business cards
Invoices
Business letters
Publications
Business records
Business ephemera
Ephemera
Correspondence
Advertising fliers
Advertisements
Advertising
Advertising mail
Advertising cards
Printed ephemera
Place:
Australia -- Description and Travel
Austria -- description and travel
Spain -- description and travel
Scotland -- description and travel
Colorado -- description and travel
Ireland -- description and travel
England -- description and travel
Europe -- description and travel -- 1910-1950
China -- Description and Travel
Mexico -- description and travel
Europe -- description and travel
Canada -- Description and Travel
United States -- description and travel
Date:
1844-1966
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Accounting and Bookkeeping forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents:
Tours consists of business records and advertisements created by tourism companies and rail lines, travel guides to varied countries and geographic areas, and other select items such as travel advice, resources on hotels and resorts, and travel-related events or lectures.

No expansive business documentation exists for any company represented within the records. The strength of the collection lies in its breadth of information about other countries, states, or geographic locations provided for the purposes of informing travelers. While no substantial material concerning the history and development of the tourism industry exists within the collection, this subject category provides substantial resources for researchers interested in sorts of information that was made available to tourists, types of travel and tours available, and background about resources and perceptions of promoted vacation destinations over a long time period.
Arrangement:
Tours is arranged in three subseries.

Business Records and Marketing Material

Genre

Subject
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
Tours is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Railroads -- 19th century  Search this
Railroads -- 20th century  Search this
Health resorts  Search this
Automobile travel  Search this
Railroads -- 1860-1900  Search this
Railroads -- 1874-1910  Search this
Travel  Search this
Hotels  Search this
Automobile travel -- United States  Search this
Railroads -- Dining-car service  Search this
Railroads  Search this
Railroad companies  Search this
Tourist trade -- 1900-1910  Search this
Tourism  Search this
Maps, Tourist  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Railroads -- History  Search this
Railroads -- Trains  Search this
Sleeping cars (Railroads)  Search this
Air travel  Search this
Travel -- 1890-1930  Search this
Tourist trade -- Postcards  Search this
Travel -- 1910-1920  Search this
Railroad travel  Search this
Description and Travel  Search this
Family vacations  Search this
Tourist trade -- 1910-1940  Search this
Railroad stations  Search this
Tourist trade -- 1900-1910 -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
advertising -- Transportation  Search this
Vacations  Search this
Railroad passenger cars  Search this
Genre/Form:
Travel brochures
Commercial correspondence
Letterheads
Receipts
Print advertising
Business cards
Invoices
Business letters
Publications -- Business
Business records
Publications
Business ephemera
Ephemera
Correspondence
Advertising fliers
Advertisements
Advertising
Advertising mail
Advertising cards
Printed ephemera
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Tours, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Tours
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Tours
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-tours

Railway Express Agency Records

Author:
Railway Express Agency.  Search this
Donor:
Karl, Roger F. R.  Search this
Collector:
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of  Search this
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of  Search this
Names:
Adams Express Company  Search this
American Railway Express Agency  Search this
REA Express  Search this
Extent:
3 Cubic feet (10 boxes, 7 map-folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1860-1970
Scope and Contents:
Mainly forms, manuals, federal regulations, accounting instructions, and personnel materials. Included are labor agreements, an employee handbook, and information on the employees' sick benefit association. Other materials include drawings of property owned; and photographs, engineering drawings, technical publications relating to railroad passenger car brake equipment; also a public relations publication, "The Pony Express Story."
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into eight series.

Series 1, Adams Express Company, 1899-1913

Series 2, Railway Express Agency Printed Material, 1914-1965

Series 3, Engineering drawings and publications, 1898-1952

Series 4, Air and Mail Forms, 1954-1964

Series 5, Personnel materials, 1864-1879

Series 6, Schedules and routes, 1929-1967

Series 7, Rates, Rules, and Regulations, 1860-1962

Series 8, Notebook--Bulletins and Circulars, 1929-1958

Series 9, Drawings, 1873-1970
Biographical / Historical:
In 1860 there were three principal transcontinental mail and express routes: By ship from New York to Panama then by portage across the Isthmus to the West Coast and finally back to sea for the last leg to San Francisco; Second, the Butterfield and Fargo Stageline operating from St. Louis through the Indian Territory along the Santa Fe Trail and up to Los Angeles to San Francisco; and third the stageline of Russell, Majors, and Waddell, which traveled from Ft. Levenworth, Kansas to Denver, then over the mountains to Salt Lake City and California terminating in San Francisco. Early in 1860 the Pony Express concept was formed and operated from St. Joseph, Missouri to Sacremento, California. The end of the Pony Express came in 1861 when the telegraph line connected Omaha and San Francisco and officially ended on Oct. 26, 1861.

On November 1, 1866 Wells Fargo & Co. purchased the stage and Pony Express operations from Ben Holladay. At this time there were several express companies; however, by 1914 there were only seven. During World War I these seven companies were consolidated at the direction of the Federal Government into one nationwide organization, the American Railway Express Agency. In 1929 the nations railroads bought the express business and changed the name to Railway Express Agency, Inc. In November 1960 REA Express was adopted as the Company's trade name. In October 1960 acquired Fast Service Shipping Terminals Inc. In January 1961 formed REA Leasing Corp a trailer leasing company. In February 1965 formed with Seven Arts Associated Corp. and Travel Theaters Inc. REA Express Seven Arts Transvision, Inc. In 1965 sold 32 terminals and leased them back. In April 1967 formed REA Express Canada, Ltd. In May 1967 formed Rexco Supply Corp. to conduct tire recapping and automotive parts distribution business. In February 1970 formed The Express Co., Inc. as a subsidiary of REA Holding Corp to conduct an international air freight forwarding business.

On February 21, 1975 the Company filed a petition under Chapter XI of the Bankruptcy Act in Federal Court in New York County listing assets of $41,000,000 and liabilities of $55,000,000. Company said the reasons for the petition included losses created by years of railroad domination as well as high rate of inflation, a recent decline in express shipments, and limited availability of credit.
Provenance:
Gift from Roger F.R. Karl, consulting engineer.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Pony express  Search this
Railroads -- Brakes  Search this
Railroads -- Freight  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Blueprints  Search this
Citation:
Railway Express Agency Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0260
See more items in:
Railway Express Agency Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0260
Online Media:

Century Tavern

Measurements:
average spatial: 3 1/2 in x 2 1/2 in x 21 1/2 in; 8.89 cm x 6.35 cm x 54.61 cm
average spatial: 90 mm x 64 mm x 546 mm; 3 9/16 in x 2 1/2 in x 21 1/2 in
Object Name:
Model, Railroad Car
model, railroad passenger car
Other Terms:
Model, Railroad Car; Railroad; Railroad Car
ID Number:
1994.0239.01
Catalog number:
1994.0239.01
Accession number:
1994.0239
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Transportation, Railroad
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a9-f3a7-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1167944

City of Indianapolis

Measurements:
average spatial: 3 1/2 in x 2 1/2 in x 21 1/2 in; 8.89 cm x 6.35 cm x 54.61 cm
average spatial: 90 mm x 64 mm x 546 mm; 3 9/16 in x 2 1/2 in x 21 1/2 in
Object Name:
Model, Railroad Car
model, railroad passenger car
Other Terms:
Model, Railroad Car; Railroad; Railroad Car
ID Number:
1994.0239.02
Catalog number:
1994.0239.02
Accession number:
1994.0239
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Transportation, Railroad
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a9-f3a8-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1167945

City of Chicago

Measurements:
average spatial: 3 1/2 in x 2 1/2 in x 21 1/2 in; 8.89 cm x 6.35 cm x 54.61 cm
average spatial: 90 mm x 64 mm x 546 mm; 3 9/16 in x 2 1/2 in x 21 1/2 in
Object Name:
Model, Railroad Car
model, railroad passenger car
Other Terms:
Model, Railroad Car; Railroad; Railroad Car
ID Number:
1994.0239.03
Catalog number:
1994.0239.03
Accession number:
1994.0239
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Transportation, Railroad
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a9-f3a9-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1167946

Cascade Grotto

Measurements:
average spatial: 3 1/2 in x 2 1/2 in x 21 1/2 in; 8.89 cm x 6.35 cm x 54.61 cm
average spatial: 90 mm x 64 mm x 546 mm; 3 9/16 in x 2 1/2 in x 21 1/2 in
Object Name:
Model, Railroad Car
model, railroad passenger car
Other Terms:
Model, Railroad Car; Railroad; Railroad Car
ID Number:
1994.0239.04
Accession number:
1994.0239
Catalog number:
1994.0239.04
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Transportation, Railroad
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746aa-0ad6-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1167947

Imperial Fountain

Measurements:
average spatial: 3 1/2 in x 2 1/2 in x 21 1/2 in; 8.89 cm x 6.35 cm x 54.61 cm
average spatial: 90 mm x 65 mm x 546 mm; 3 9/16 in x 2 9/16 in x 21 1/2 in
Object Name:
Model, Railroad Car
model, railroad passenger car
Other Terms:
Model, Railroad Car; Railroad; Railroad Car
ID Number:
1994.0239.05
Catalog number:
1994.0239.05
Accession number:
1994.0239
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Transportation, Railroad
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746aa-0ad4-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1167948

Imperial Falls

Measurements:
average spatial: 3 1/2 in x 2 1/2 in x 21 1/2 in; 8.89 cm x 6.35 cm x 54.61 cm
average spatial: 90 mm x 65 mm x 546 mm; 3 9/16 in x 2 9/16 in x 21 1/2 in
Object Name:
Model, Railroad Car
model, railroad passenger car
Other Terms:
Model, Railroad Car; Railroad; Railroad Car
ID Number:
1994.0239.06
Catalog number:
1994.0239.06
Accession number:
1994.0239
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Transportation, Railroad
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746aa-0ad5-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1167949

Cascade Valley

Measurements:
average spatial: 3 1/2 in x 21 1/2 in; 8.89 cm x 54.61 cm
average spatial: 90 mm x 65 mm x 546 mm; 3 9/16 in x 2 9/16 in x 21 1/2 in
Object Name:
Model, Railroad Car
model, railroad passenger car
Other Terms:
Model, Railroad Car; Railroad; Railroad Car
ID Number:
1994.0239.07
Catalog number:
1994.0239.07
Accession number:
1994.0239
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Transportation, Railroad
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746aa-0eae-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1167950

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