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The Secretary of the Colonies Dahomey

Extent:
1 Postcard (b&w, 9 x 14 cm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Postcards
Picture postcards
Place:
Africa
Date:
[ca. 1908]
Scope and Contents:
Photographed by Edmond Fortier and published by Collection générale Fortier, Dakar.
Original caption reads, "Voyage du Ministre des Colonies à la Côte d'Afrique - Dahomey - Visite aux Travaux d'Avancement du Chemin de Fer Au Pont d'Agouagou en construction sur l'Ouémé." Translated original caption reads, "The Secretary of the Colonies' journey to the Western African Coast - Dahomey - Abomey - Visit to the railroad construction works on the Agouagou bridge."
Local Numbers:
Fortier 2658
General:
Title source: Translated from postcard caption.
Image indexed by negative number.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Collection Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Leaders  Search this
Transportation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Picture postcards
Collection Citation:
African Postcard collection, EEPA 1985-014, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.1985-014, Item EEPA F2658
See more items in:
African Postcard Collection
African Postcard Collection / Series 49: Fortier postcard collection
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7a93cdd6c-73ce-4b00-9818-74e29e3b6e05
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-eepa-1985-014-ref4471

Elkins -- Halliehurst

Former owner:
Elkins, Stephen B. (Stephen Benton)  Search this
Architect:
Mott, Charles T.  Search this
Collection Collector:
Marchand, Richard  Search this
Extent:
3 Slides (photographs)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Postcards
Place:
Halliehurst (Elkins, West Virginia)
United States of America -- West Virginia -- Randolph County -- Elkins
General:
Halliehurst was situated on a the 450-acre estate in Elkins, West Virginia. The mansion was the summer home of the lawyer, industrialist, and politician, Senator Stephen Benson Elkins and his wife Hallie Davis Elkins. The mansion was named for Mrs. Elkins, who had the distinction of being a daughter, wife, and mother to members of the US Senate. The 16,000 square-foot mansion was designed by the notable New York architect, Charles T. Mott after a Rhineland castle admired by Mrs. Elkins. The site for the mansion was chosen for its proximity to the upcoming terminal of one of Elkins railroads. Construction began on the baronial mansion in 1890 using locally sourced hardwoods and stone. While the turreted structure, with towers, columns, dormers, chimneys, and a steep hipped roof defies any direct architectural style, its closest relation is the Shingle style. The grounds around the mansion were extensively planted for the Elkins family, and the estate also functioned as a farm.

Soon after its construction, Senator Henry Gassaway Davis, the father of Mrs. Elkins and business partner of Senator Elkins, constructed his summer home, Graceland, on the estate next door. This pair of mansions is representative of the wealth and influence of two Gilded-Age businessmen-politicians, and as a result of their enterprises the town of Elkins grew up around them. The mansion and 60 acres of the land were deeded to Davis and Elkins College in 1923, by Senator Elkins widow, and it has served as dormitory, classroom space, home of the college president, and today houses the offices of the President, Admission, and Development. Halliehurst was listed individually on the National Register of Historic Landmarks in 1982, at which point the mansion was completely restored. In 1996, Halliehurst was incorporated into the Davis & Elkins National Historic Landmark District, a discontinuous district comprised of four separate historic buildings on the campus of Davis and Elkins College.

Persons associated include: Senator Stephen Benton Elkins (former owner), Baldwin and Pennington (architects), and Davis & Elkins College (owner).

National Register of Historic Places, Davis & Elkins National Historic Landmark District, Elkins, Randolph County, West Virginia, National Register #70000666 and #96001129.
See also Elkins -- Graceland Mansion (AAG# WV009). Graceland Masion is also pictured in postcard WV022_MAR003.
Postcards circa 1915-1945.
Varying Form:
Also known as Hallihurst and Senator Stephen Benton Elkins' House.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- West Virginia -- Elkins  Search this
Mansions  Search this
Formal gardens  Search this
Driveways  Search this
Hedges  Search this
Landscape gardening  Search this
Hillsides  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Richard Marchand historical postcard collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MAR, File WV022
See more items in:
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides)
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides) / West Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6a3376a4d-e42c-4995-a1d5-eb14baa6ad4a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-mar-ref1808

Elkins -- Graceland Mansion

Former owner:
Davis, Henry Gassaway  Search this
Architect:
Baldwin and Pennington  Search this
Collection Collector:
Marchand, Richard  Search this
Extent:
1 Slides (photographs)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Postcards
Place:
Halliehurst (Elkins, West Virginia)
United States of America -- West Virginia -- Randolph County -- Elkins
General:
Graceland Mansion was situated on a 360-acre estate in Elkins, West Virginia. The estate was home to the US senator, railroad builder, industrialist, and candidate for vice president in 1904, Henry Gassaway Davis. Graceland was named for his daughter Grace, and was located just west of Halliehurst, the home and namesake of Senator Davis' daughter Hallie Davis Elkins. The grounds housed gardens, a nine-hole golf course, two tennis courts, stables, and a bowling alley for amusement. Orchards, greenhouses, livestock, a dairy, and an icehouse stocked with ice from its own pond made the estate practically self-sufficient. Graceland Mansion was prominently positioned high on a hill overlooking Gassaway's railroad yards, allowing the Senator to oversee his enterprises and contemplate future developments. The mansion was designed by architects, Baldwin and Pennington, of Baltimore, Maryland, with whom Davis had an association through their works, which included depots of the B&O railroad. Construction began in 1891 and was completed in 1893. Graceland mansion exemplifies the late Victorian Queen Anne style with its contrasting materials of locally sourced sandstone and timbers, picturesque massing, and varied forms including projecting bays, steeply pitched hipped roofs, dormers, gables, turrets, and broad porches. House has a total of thirty-five rooms for family use, including thirteen master bedrooms, ten master bathrooms, in addition spaces for the servants use and storage. Porches around the home overlooked the town of Elkins, and featured palms and rare orchids that were kept in the two greenhouses during the winter. In front of the home was once a heart-shaped driveway, that has since been paved over for a parking lot.

Graceland was enjoyed by two generations of the Davis family, until it was acquired by the West Virginia Presbyterian Educational Fund in 1941. In 1945, the mansion and immediate grounds were presented to Davis & Elkins College and used for student housing. Graceland was listed individually on the National Register of Historic Landmarks in 1970, at which point the mansion was completely restored and is now operated as an inn on the college campus. In 1996, Graceland was incorporated into the Davis & Elkins National Historic Landmark District, a discontinuous district comprised of four separate historic buildings on the campus of Davis and Elkins College.

Persons associated include: Henry Gassaway Davis (former owner), Baldwin and Pennington (architect), West Virginia Presbyterian Educational Fund (former owner), and Davis & Elkins College (owner).

National Register of Historic Places, Davis & Elkins National Historic Landmark District, Elkins, Randolph County, West Virginia, National Register #70000666 and #96001129.
See also Elkins -- Halliehurst (AAG# WV022). Graceland Masion is also pictured in postcard WV022_MAR003.
Postcard was published by F.S. Johnston Drug Co. circa 1900-1930.
Varying Form:
Also known as Graceland Inn and Mansion of Senator Henry Gassaway Davis.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- West Virginia -- Elkins  Search this
Mansions  Search this
Driveways  Search this
Lawns  Search this
Formal gardens  Search this
Genre/Form:
Postcards
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, Richard Marchand historical postcard collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MAR, File WV009
See more items in:
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides)
Richard Marchand historical postcard collection (35mm slides) / West Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6bc02cca2-8e2c-43de-bf08-75b951b83159
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-mar-ref1823

Stock Holders and Financial Relation Program

Collection Creator:
Wheatland, Richard, II, 1923-2009  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 24
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
New York Airways Collection, Acc. NASM.1992.0052, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
New York Airways Collection
New York Airways Collection / Series 1: 1992 Acquisition
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2b36f3abc-c7c9-4100-b142-896673c936bb
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1992-0052-ref573
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  • View Stock Holders and Financial Relation Program digital asset number 1

Uriah A. Boyden Papers

Creator:
Boyden, Uriah A. (Uriah Atherton), 1804-1879  Search this
Francis, Joseph Sidney  Search this
Schultze, Bernhard  Search this
Names:
American Association for the Advancement of Science  Search this
Ames Manufacturing Company  Search this
Amoskeag Manufacturing Company.  Search this
Atlantic Cotton Mills  Search this
Boston and Lowell Railroad Corporation  Search this
Boston and Roxbury Mill Corporation  Search this
Boston and Worcester Railroad Corporation  Search this
Hamilton Manufacturing Company (Lowell, Mass.).  Search this
Jackson Manufacturing Company.  Search this
Lawrence Company.  Search this
Lowell Appleton Company.  Search this
Lowell Manufacturing Company.  Search this
Manchester Printing Works.  Search this
Merrimack Manufacturing Company.  Search this
New England Glass Company.  Search this
Saco Water Power Company.  Search this
Salmon Falls Manufacturing Company.  Search this
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Stark Mills  Search this
Suncook Mills Company.  Search this
Tilestons & Holllingsworth Upper Mill.  Search this
Boyden, Seth  Search this
Francis, James B. (James Bicheno), 1815-1892  Search this
Nobel, Alfred Bernhard, 1833-1896  Search this
Sawyer, Edward  Search this
Storrow, Charles S. (Charles Storer), 1809-1904  Search this
Straw, Ezekiel Albert, 1819-1882  Search this
Extent:
21 Cubic feet (20 boxes, 45 map folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Patents
Newspapers
Correspondence
Clippings
Articles
Drawings
Financial records
Legal documents
Notebooks
Place:
Nashua (N.H.)
Lowell (Mass.)—Industries
Manchester (N.H.)
Brookline (Mass.)
Brandon (Vt.)
Charlestown (Boston, Mass.)
Boston (Mass.)
Foxborough (Mass. : Town)
Date:
1806-1879
bulk 1830-1879
Summary:
Papers of Uriah A. Boyden (1804-1879), a Boston civil and mechanical engineer and the inventor of the Boyden turbine. Materials include correspondence, notes, calculations, articles, notebooks, legal documents, financial documents, patents and patent assignments, design drawings, newspaper clippings, pamphlets, business cards, and a print of a daguerreotype.
Scope and Content:
This collection documents the activities of Uriah Atherton Boyden (1804-1879), a Boston civil and mechanical engineer. The papers cover the span of Boyden's life, but the bulk of the papers date from between 1830 and 1879. The materials relate to his professional engineering life, including his work as an engineer for the Nashua and Lowell Railroad Corporation and his work with turbines at New England mills and manufacturing companies. The collection also contains papers that illustrate his scientific interests, including sound, meteorology, chemistry, and physics. Materials include correspondence, notes, calculations, articles, notebooks, legal documents, financial documents, patents and patent assignments, design drawings, newspaper clippings, pamphlets, business cards, and a print of a daguerreotype.

Series 1, Correspondence, 1823-1879, consists of three subseries: Subseries 1, Outgoing Correspondence, 1830-1879; Subseries 2, Incoming Correspondence, 1823-1879; and Subseries 3, Miscellaneous Correspondence, 1825-1879. The bulk of the series is comprised of letters, although some telegrams are included. The majority of Boyden's letters discuss his business dealings and scientific interests, but some correspondence is related to family matters. Family correspondents include his brothers Seth Boyden (1788-1870), William Pitts Boyden, Otis Boyden, Benjamin F. Boyden, and Alexander Boyden (1791-1881); his sisters Sarah Boyden (d. 1834) and Sabra Smith; and his parents Seth (1764-1840) and Susanna Boyden. He also corresponded with his niece Susan Boyden Burnet and sister-in-law Abigail Boyden. Subjects discussed include Seth Boyden's illness, death, and will in 1840 and Sarah Boyden's death in 1834.

Correspondence from the 1830s discusses the construction of the dry dock at the Charlestown Navy Yard, Massachusetts; experiments conducted at the Boston and Roxbury Mill Dam; Boyden's work as Chief Engineer for the Nashua and Lowell Railroad Corporation and his subsequent lawsuit against the Nashua and Lowell Railroad Corporation over a pay dispute; the employment of assistants; and the construction of a mill at the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company.

Frequent correspondents include William Livingston, who was deposed in Boyden's lawsuit of the Nashua and Lowell Railroad Company; F. George Stark of Amoskeag Village; John Jacques of Worcester, Massachusetts; R. Read of Amoskeag Manufacuring Company; and Ezekial Albert Straw (1819-1882), a civil engineer and agent for the Amoskeag Manufacuring Company and the governor of New Hampshire from 1872-1874. Correspondence from the 1840s is primarily about turbines. Subjects include the development of the Boyden Turbine at the Lowell Appleton Company and Boyden's patents (US Patents 5,068, 5,090, 5,114, 10,026, and 10,027).

Other topics include the Merrimack Manufacturing Company's new mill; the Stark Company's turbine; turbine pits for the Merrimack Company's Picking House; Boyden's design for a turbine built at the Lowell Machine Shop and used at Tilestons & Hollingsworth Upper Mill; and requests for books. During this period, Boyden sent letters to various manufacturing companies and mills, informing them he would be willing to sell his patent rights for turbine improvements and provide plans and specifications, although he would not oversee the construction of turbines. Recipients of these letters include hydraulic engineer James B. Francis, P. T. Jackson, treasurer of the Proprietors of Locks and Canals; T. G. Cary, treasurer of the Appleton Company; John Avery, agent of the Hamilton Manufacturing Company; Alexander Wright, agent of the Lowell Manufacturing Company; Charles T. Storrow, treasurer of the Essex Company and the Atlantic Cotton Mills; R. Read, agent of the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company; Amos A. Lawrence, treasurer of Salmon Falls Manufacturing Company; John Mixer, treasurer of the Suncook Manufacturing Company; and William Dwight, treasurer of the Saco Water Power Company.

Letters relating to the Atlantic Cotton Mills turbine design, testing, and lawsuit comprise a portion of the correspondence from the late 1840s and 1850s. Other correspondence from the 1850s includes letters to and from Boyden's employee Norman W. Stearns, who traveled to California and Australia; discussion of the testing of a turbine at the Hamilton Manufacturing Company Mills at Lowell; an extract from a report on the power derived from the tides at the Boston and Roxbury Mill Dam; a letter from the Smithsonian Institution encouraging Boyden to publish his research on turbines; and the difficulties with turbine experiments at the Nashua Manufacturing Company's mills. Boyden continued to offer his patent rights to various companies, including James T. Ames, agent of the Ames Manufacturing Company, and Ezekial Albert Straw, agent of the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company.

Some letters were written by assistant Edward Sawyer on behalf of Uriah Boyden. Letters from the 1860s include Boyden's correspondence with the Franklin Institute in Philadelphia concerning the prize he created for any resident of North America who could determine by experiment whether all rays of light are transmitted at the same velocity. Common subjects include turbines; physics; Henri Giffard's invention of the injector; an apparatus for atmospheric electrical experiments; expanding gas; and the purchase of chemical substances.

There are many letters to the Bailliere Brothers, importers of periodicals; and E. G. Wallis, the Assistant Assessor of the third district of Boston for taxes. In 1862, Boyden wrote a letter to Massachusetts Governor John A. Andrew offering a letter of recommendation for hydraulic engineer James B. Francis. Boyden also paid for a lecture in 1862 given by George Boutwell on liberating some Southern slaves. Letters from the 1870s discuss a variety of topics, including patents, the New England Glass Company, and the purchase of books. Finally, a folder of miscellaneous materials includes several letters of recommendation and introduction for Boyden, and a few letters neither to nor from Boyden.

Series 2, Notes on Turbines, 1833-1870, contains primarily Boyden's notes and calculations relating to the design, development, construction, and testing of turbines. There are also drawings of turbines, excerpts from scholarly journals about turbines, and the manuscript article about turbines for American Cabinet authored by Boyden. A published copy of this article is located in Series 10, Printed Material, 1835-1879. Some materials are in French.

A large portion of the papers are the calculations and results of experiments on Turbine No. 3 of the Atlantic Cotton Mills. More information on these experiments can be found in the Series 5, Notebooks, 1819-1867, and Series 6, Lawsuits, 1836-1864. Experiments conducted at the Appleton Company, where Boyden developed the Boyden turbine, appear in this series.

The turbine notes also contain measurements and computations for turbines for the Chicopee Manufacturing Company; designs and calculations for the Tileston and Hollingsworth's turbine in Dorchester, Massachusetts; an estimate for installing turbines for the Jackson Company; and a report to the Boston Water Power Company on the estimate of power from the Boston and Roxbury Mill Dam. Boyden was assisted in his calculations and experiments by Maximilian L. G. Wilde, Edward Sawyer, [Neil?], W. Mertz, David Dows, and James Emerson. The series contains an oversize miscellaneous folder comprised of calculations and tables.

Series 3, Subject Files, circa 1827-1875, contains groups of papers that Boyden assembled into packets and numbered and labeled with topical categories. The papers cover a wide range of topics. A large portion of the materials are excerpts or notes from published sources, although some packets contain Boyden's own calculations, tables, and surveys. Some materials are in French, German, and Greek and some have been translated from French and German into English.

One subject Boyden explores in depth is tobacco, including the tobacco trade, taxes on tobacco, consumption statistics from the United States and Europe, different varieties of plants, and tobacco's effect on health, including whether or not it contributes to mental illness. In addition, he discusses alcohol's effect on health; whether crime is connected with drinking alcohol, liquor licensing laws, and the option of prohibition in Massachusetts. He was also interested in the early history of the Bible, including how it was translated from the original Hebrew and how Egyptian connects to Old Testament history. Boyden compares different religious practices, including Islam, Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism, and ancient Greek and Egyptian religion.

Boyden collected a great deal of information from census data in the United States and Great Britain. In the Boston area, he looks at the number of births among Irish immigrants compared to native born Americans, and in particular explores whether tobacco use increases or decreases births among Irish immigrants. He also utilizes population statistics to discuss mental illness in both Europe and the United States. Like Series 4, Notes and Papers, 1806-1879, the Subject Files contain statistics on the cause of and response to fires in Boston.

Finally, the Subject Files include information on a variety of scientific subjects. For instance, a portion of materials discuss hydraulic lime, atomic theory and molecules, chemistry, thermoelectricity, meteorology, astronomy, batteries, and water pressure through pipes. Boyden quotes from Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species in his explorations of natural history. Several packets are comprised of surveys of property lots in Brookline, Massachusetts and the Longwood area of Boston. Sources Boyden utilized include publications such as the Encyclopaedia Britannica, the Bible, the New York Herald, The Boston Daily Advertiser, L'Annales des Ponts et Chaussées (The Annals of the Department of Civil Engineering), Brockhaus's Encyclopaedia, Annals of Chemistry and Pharmacy, Les Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences (The Proceedings of the French Academy of Sciences), Annales de Chimie et de Physique (Annals of Chemistry and Physics), Annales d'Hygiène (Annals of Hygiene), Appleton's Cyclopaedia, Hunt's Merchant's Magazine, Esquirol's Treatise on Mental Maladies, The London Times, and Poggendorff's Annals. The packets also contain call slips from the Boston Athenaeum and the Boston Public Library.

Series 4, Notes and Papers, 1806-1879, consists of a wide range of material. Some papers are in French and German, or translated from published French and German into English. The series encompasses notes from Boyden's scientific experiments and observations. One subject Boyden studied indepth was meteorology, and the series contains weather observations, recordings of temperature and air pressure, and eyewitness accounts of unusual weather.

In addition, Boyden conducted experiments on the effect of a dam in the Merrimack River, the specific heat of steam, electricity, the effects of rays on bisulphide of carbon, glass making, and oils. Five notebooks document experiments on the chemical combination of oxygen with liquids at atmospheric temperatures. Furthermore, the series contains information on sound experiments made at Chelsea, Massachusetts, and at the Charlestown, Massachusetts aqueduct, which are also discussed in Series 5, Notebooks, 1819-1867, and Series 9, Drawings, circa 1835-1872. Boyden conducted surveys of various industrial projects, including the Jackson Manufacturing Company's mill work and dam; the sewers of Lowell, Massachusetts; the Nashua Mills; the aqueduct, cistern and pumping apparatus for the Boston Iron Company; the Lewiston Water Power Company; the bursting of a locomotive for the Boston and Lowell Railroad; and the cold well at Brandon, Vermont.

The series consists of several folders of drawings, including sketches of an apparatus for making signal sounds, and a design for a mercurial pump, and various scientific instruments. There are also copies of drawings of a differential galvanometer, dynamometer, pneumatic apparatus, and pneumatic glasses. The originals are located in Series 9, Drawings, circa 1835-1872. A significant portion of the series consists of Boyden's investigations of the causes of fires in Boston, including statistics and eyewitness accounts. The series also contains Boyden's computations and design for a chronometer.

Boyden is the author of several published papers found in this series, including "Researches in Meteorology," "Paper on Mechanical force," "An Essay on Caloric's Repulsing Caloric and its Attracting Ponderable Matter," and "Paper on Sound." "Explosions produced by Niter in Burning Buildings" appeared in The Boston Post May 9, 1862. Boyden also wrote Researches in Physics, which was printed in 1863. The series also contains translations and copies of papers and articles on various scientific subjects, including magnetism, electricity, heat, light, meteorology, and physics. These include articles from the Annales de Chimie et de Physique (Annals of Chemistry and Physics), the Bulletin des Sciences Mathématiques (Bulletin of the Mathematical Sciences), the Annalen der Physik und Chemie (Annals of Physics and Chemistry), Mémoires de l'Academie Royale (Imperial) des Sciences de l'Institut de France, and Les Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences (The Proceedings of the French Academy of Sciences). Boyden also collected single works, including A Treatise on the Heat of Permanent Gases by John Plana, New Branch of Physics, or Studies Concerning Bodies in the Spheroidal State by P. H. Boutigny, and Thermochrosis, or Calorific Coloration by Macedoine Melloni.

Nine miscellaneous folders contain citations from encyclopedias, notes from scientific articles and newspapers, calculations, notes on laws, notes from experiments, a tide table, accounts of the weather, directions for experiments, specifications for a section of a canal built in Lowell by the Proprietors of the Locks and Canals, and a description of a heliostat. One oversize miscellaneous folder contains a legal document concerning lease from the Boston and Roxbury Mill Corporation to Horace Gray, a plan of a screwdriver, a table of experiments made in grinding rye at the City Mills, and experiments on the flow of water over dams made at the Lower Locks in Lowell, Massachusetts.

Series 5, Notebooks, 1819-1867, consists of bound notebooks ranging in size from 5" x 7" to 7" x 8". The notebooks demonstrate Boyden's wide-ranging scientific interests. They contain primarily technical information, such as experiments on sound, electromagnetism, and thermometers and include drawings and tables with data. His notebooks include excerpts from scientific journals on physics and chemistry, including some materials in French.

The personal memoranda feature notes from his travels around New England and the Mid-Atlantic States, including descriptions of railroads, dams, and mills; bridges in Georgetown, Washington, District of Columbia; a smelting furnace in Pottsville, Pennsylvania; and the Baltimore Water Works aqueduct. Several additional personal notebooks document Boyden's property and expenditures. Many notebooks were written or corrected by others, presumably Boyden's assistants, including Edward Sawyer, Levi York, Maximilian S. G. Wilde, Charles Leonard, Charles Mason, Jeremiah Dickson, L.W. Cushing, and A. Neill. One common subject is Boyden's work with turbines and water-wheels at New England mills and manufacturing companies. Many notebooks record turbine experiments at the Lowell Appleton Company, where Boyden developed the Boyden turbine, and at the Atlantic Cotton Mills. For more information on Boyden's work at the Atlantic Cotton Mills, see Series 6, Lawsuits, 1836-1864 and Series 2, Notes on Turbines, 1833-1870.

Other notebooks document Boyden's involvement in the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company in Manchester, New Hampshire, where he developed a hydraulic power system. Other mills Boyden studied include the Stark Mills, the Lawrence Company's mills, and the Boston and Roxbury Mill Dam. Boyden was interested in the construction of canals and locks, including the Weston Canal near Lowell, Massachusetts. Railroad surveys comprise a significant portion of the notebooks' content and include his work with railroad companies, including the Boston and Lowell Railroad Corporation and the Boston and Worcester Railroad Corporation. Boyden conducted a survey of a cold well at Brandon, Vermont. More information about that well can be found in Series 3, Subject Files, circa 1827-1875, and Series 3, Notes and Papers, 1806-1879.

Series 6, Lawsuits, 1836-1864, consists of legal materials related to lawsuits Boyden was involved in, both as a plaintiff and as a witness. The majority of the series is comprised of documents relating to Boyden's Atlantic Cotton Mills lawsuit, a conflict over whether Boyden had a right to conduct tests on turbines built from his design at the Atlantic Cotton Mills. The suit also involved a dispute over Boyden's patent rights to his turbine improvements used at the Atlantic Cotton Mills. On February 14, 1856, the court decided in favor of Boyden, and required the Atlantic Cotton Mills to award him reparations.

The series contains copies of correspondence related to Boyden's dealings with the Atlantic Cotton Mills, including letters to and from Charles S. Storrow and William Gray, treasurers of the Atlantic Cotton Mills. Also included are depositions; replies to allegations; Boyden's drafts of his answers to interrogatories; and calculations, notes, and drawings, presumably used as evidence in court. Bernhard Schultze (see Series 12, Bernhard Schultze Materials, 1837-1857) compared and corrected Boyden's November 21, 1855 reply to the answer of the Atlantic Cotton Mills and a statement of some expenses in measuring the power expended in actuating turbine No. 3 of the Atlantic Cotton Mills.

Also included are letters of reference for Boyden, probably related to his lawsuit of the Nashua and Lowell Railroad; Boyden's answers to interrogatories filed by the Boston Water Power Company in the case of Boston Water Power Company v. Horace Gray, which also includes his answers to interrogatories filed by the Boston and Worcester Railroad Company in regard to the receiving basin of the Boston Water Power Company; and Boyden's deposition in the case of Oswego Canal Company v. Henry M. Ames & Isaac L. Merriam.

Series 7, Financial Papers, 1820-1876, contains both personal and business financial papers. A large portion documents the New England Glass Company, including records of the stockholders meetings and end of year reports on the financial state of the company. There are also copies of receipts of bills Boyden sent to companies he worked for, including the Atlantic Cotton Mills, the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company, the Boston and Lowell Railroad Corporation, the Ames Manufacturing Company, the Salmon Falls Manufacturing Company, the Lowell Machine Shop, and the Holyoke Water Power Company. Boyden also received stock dividends from some of the same companies and others, including the Merrimack Manufacturing Company, the New England Glass Company, the Old Colony Railroad Company, Stark Manufacturing Company, the Lancaster Mills, the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company, the Boston and Lowell Railroad Corporation, and the Boston Gas Light Company.

Another aspect of the papers includes Boyden's requests to buy certain items, including metals, glass cylinders, and wire for his experiments; books in English, French and German; and periodicals. There are also reports of Boyden's income for the Internal Revenue Service dating from 1864-1871. One document is a quitclaim deed for the Savin Hill property in Dorchester, Massachusetts, which Boyden surveyed. Surveying records can be found in Series 3, Subject Files, circa 1827-1875.

Series 8, Patents, 1838-1847, consists of three subseries, Subseries 1, Boyden's Patents, 1843-1847; Subseries 2, Other Patents, 1838-1843; and Subseries 3, Patent Assignments, 1849-1856.

Subseries 1, Boyden's Patents, 1843-1847, consists of issued patents for Boyden's turbine improvements with attached drawings and specifications, including patents for improvement in turbines, September 20, 1843 (US Patent 10,026); improvement in hydraulic motors, September 20, 1843 (US Patent 10,027); improvements in hanging shafts of waterwheels, April 17, 1847 (US Patent 5,068); and improvement in diffuser for waterwheels, May 1, 1847 (US Patent 5,090).

Subseries 2, Other Patents, 1838-1843, consists of a patent granted to John R. Wheeler for an improved waterwheel on April 14, 1838, and a patent granted to Amasa B. Beckwith for improvement in waterwheels on October 20, 1843.

Subseries 3, Patent Assignments, 1849-1856, consists of legal documents giving various companies the right to use Boyden's patented turbine improvements in their mills in exchange for royalties. Companies include the Great Falls Manufacturing Company, the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company, the Appleton Company, the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company, the Merrimack Manufacturing Company, the Lowell Manufacturing Company, and the Lowell Machine Shop.

Series 9, Drawings, circa 1835-1872, contains oversize drawings and some tables, ranging in size from approximately 48'' x 30'' to 21'' x 30''. Some of the papers are brittle and crumble easily. The series contains one work in German, "Werke Theorie und Bau der Wasserraeder" (A Work on the Theory and Construction of Waterwheels).

A significant portion of the series consists of Boyden's designs for turbines used at various mills throughout New England, including the Ames Manufacturing Company; the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company; the Appleton Company, the Atlantic Cotton Mills; the Hamilton Manufacturing Company; the Essex Company Machine Shop and Blacksmith Shop; the Lancaster Mill; the Manchester Printing Works; the Merrimack Manufacturing Company; the Merrimack Print Works; the Perkins Mills the Salmon Falls Manufacturing Company; the Stark Mills; and the New England Worsted Company and Suncook Manufacturing Company. More information on Boyden's work designing turbines for these companies can be found in Series 1, Correspondence, 1823-1879; Series 2, Notes on Turbines, 1833-1870; and Series 5, Notebooks, 1819-1867.

Of particular note are drawings from "Lowell Hydraulic Experiments", a work published in 1855 by James B. Francis. Francis developed an improved turbine based on the inward flow Poncelet turbine, which became known as the Francis turbine and was more efficient than the outward flow Boyden turbine. Boyden was an associate of Francis's, but it is unclear how closely involved he was in the development of the Francis turbine. One subseries, Boyden's improvements, contains drawings that demonstrate Boyden's development of new turbines.

The series also includes records from Boyden's experiments on sound in Charlestown, Massachusetts. Notes from other experiments on sound can be found in Series 4, Notes and Papers, 1806-1879, and Series 5, Notebooks, 1819-1867. Included in the series are designs for various tools, including a chronometer, differential galvanometer, hydraulic apparatus, and pneumatic glasses. Smaller copies of some of these drawings can be found in Series 4, Notes and Papers, 1806-1879.

Two folders of miscellaneous materials include several tables documenting people admitted to mental hospitals, the observation of tides made at the Charlestown Navy Yard; a table of fires in Boston; experiments on the wheel of the Poncelet System; a plan and sections for showing the results of surveys at the cold well in Brandon, Vermont; and designs for a brass apparatus, a rack of reflectors, an apparatus for measuring the heights of water, a glass scale, and a dynamometer. Nine folders contain unidentified drawings.

Series 10, Printed Material, 1835-1879, contains newspaper clippings and other printed material collected by Boyden. The major subjects covered by the newspaper clippings include a campaign to supply Boston with drinking water, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the Smithsonian Institution. Other newspaper clippings discuss the career of Patrick Tracy Jackson, the founder of the Merrimack Manufacturing Company; Boyden's turbine wheel; railway accidents; a court case involving an escaped slave; the rotation of the earth; the establishment of a public library in Boston; the American Academy of Arts and Sciences; the Louisiana imbroglio of 1874-1875; and smoking. Boyden frequently clipped from the Daily Evening Traveller, the Boston Advertiser, The Boston Atlas, the Boston Post, and the Boston Evening Transcript. Some newspapers have been saved and placed in a folder in a map case drawer.

The series also includes a pamphlet entitled Martin's Twenty-One Years in the Boston Stock Market, or Fluctuations Therein from January 1835 to January 1856, two bulletins of new books offered by the Boston Public Library and marked up by Boyden, patents for Alfred Nobel's new explosive compound, several of Boyden's business cards, a print portrait of Boyden, and a metal sign that hung outside his office in Boston. The series contains one miscellaneous file that includes items such as a price list for mechanists' tools, an article on the phenomena of sound, and a table of the work and expenses on the Boston and Lowell Railroad.

Series 11, Seth Boyden Materials, 1840-1841, is comprised of documents related to the death of Uriah Boyden's father, Seth Boyden (1764-1840). Included are drawings of the headstones for the graves of Seth Boyden (1764-1840) and Uriah Boyden's sister, Sarah Boyden; Seth Boyden's last will and testament; a poster for an executer's sale; and the account of Uriah Boyden and Benjamin F. Boyden, the executers of Seth Boyden's (1764-1840) last will and testament.

Series 12, Bernhard Schultze Materials, 1837-1857, contains the letters and papers of Bernhard Schultze, a man employed by Boyden as a translator from around November 26, 1853 until his death in August 1857. Schultze was a witness in the case of Boyden v. Atlantic Cotton Mills and compared and corrected materials related to the case. These can be found in Series 6, Lawsuits, 1836-1864. He died from a head injury that occurred in Boyden's offices at 81 Washington Street.

More information about the accident in Boyden's official statement, August 17, 1857, to the coroner and the jury investigating Schultze's death, in Series 1, Correspondence, 1823-1879. Half of the materials are in German and consist of correspondence, receipts, registered letter slips, a medical bill, and a program for the Paine Festival and Annual Ball in 1857. Several of the documents relate to politics in the late 1850s and the election of 1856. Included is a newspaper article reporting on a pro-German James Buchanan rally; a circular supporting John C. Fremont and William L. Dayton, the Republican ticket in the election of 1856; and the by-laws of the Boston Kansas Club.

Series 13, Joseph Sidney Francis Materials, circa 1855-1872, consists of drawings made by Joseph Sidney Francis while studying at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. They are labeled as the property of James B. Francis, the hydraulic engineer and inventor of the Francis turbine who worked closely with Boyden. Included in this series are tables documenting the number of fires in Boston and the number of people admitted to French mental hospitals.
Arrangement:
The papers are arranged into thirteen series. The contents of each series or subseries is arranged chronologically, with the exception of Series 3, which is arranged numerically, and Series 9, which is arranged alphabetically by subject. The series and subseries arrangement of the papers are as follows:

Series 1, Correspondence, 1823-1879

Subseries 1, Outgoing, 1830-1879

Subseries 2, Incoming, 1823-1879

Subseries 3, Miscellaneous, 1825-1879

Series 2, Notes on Turbines, 1833-1870

Series 3, Subject Files, circa 1827-1875

Series 4, Notes and Papers, 1806-1879

Series 5, Notebooks, 1819-1867

Series 6, Lawsuits, 1836-1864

Series 7, Financial Papers, 1820-1876

Series 8, Patents, 1838-1847

Subseries 1, Boyden Patents, 1843-1847

Subseries 2, Other Patents, 1838-1843

Subseries 3, Patent Assignments, 1849-1856

Series 9, Drawings, circa 1835-1872

Series 10, Printed Material, 1835-1879

Series 11, Seth Boyden (1764-1840) Materials, 1840-1841

Series 12, Bernhard Schultze Materials, 1837-1857

Series 13, Joseph Sidney Francis Materials, circa 1855-1872
Administrative/Biographical History:
Civil and mechanical engineer and multi-faceted scientist, Uriah Atherton Boyden was born on February 17, 1804 in Foxborough, Massachusetts. His father Seth Boyden (1764-1849) was a farmer and blacksmith and invented a machine to split leather (Reynolds 2010). His brother Seth Boyden (1788-1870) was a noted inventor in Newark, New Jersey, and in 1825 Boyden worked for him in a "leather and sheepskin bookbinding business" (Reynolds 2010). Boyden moved back to Massachusetts in 1828 and worked with James Hayward on surveys for the Boston and Providence Railroad, and with Loammi Baldwin on a dry dock for the Charlestown Navy Yard (now Boston Navy Yard) (Reynolds 2010). In the 1830s he opened his own engineering practice and worked on mills in the growing industrial center of Lowell, Massachusetts and was the chief engineer from 1836-1838 on the Nashua and Lowell Railroad. He designed a hydraulic power system for the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company in Manchester, New Hampshire around 1840 (American Society of Mechanical Engineers 1975, 5).

Boyden is best known for inventing the Boyden turbine, "the first turbine to be manufactured in quantity in the United States"(American Society of Mechanical Engineers 1975, 1). Boyden developed this turbine around 1844 while working for the Appleton Company in Lowell, Massachusetts(American Society of Mechanical Engineers 1975, 5). Boyden improved the efficiency of the Fourneyron outward flow turbine by "providing a conical approach passage for the incoming water… providing guide vanes in the outlet passages and by adding a submerged diffuser" (American Society of Mechanical Engineers 1975, 2). Boyden assigned his patent rights to a number of mills and manufacturing companies in New England and provided them with plans and specifications for turbines, although he did not oversee construction.

The Boyden turbine was superseded in 1849 by the more efficient inward flow Francis turbine, developed by James B. Francis with Boyden's assistance (American Society of Mechanical Engineers 1975, 2-3). The Francis turbine is now used throughout the world (Reynolds 2010).

After 1850, Boyden focused on scientific pursuits, including chemistry, physics, and meteorology. His other interests included the causes of fires in Boston, tobacco's effect on people's health, and mental illness in Europe and the United States. However, he rarely published the results of his research (Reynolds 2010). In 1874, Boyden "deposited $1,000 with the Franklin Institute of Philadelphia to be awarded to any resident of North America who should determine by experiment whether light and other physical rays are transmitted at the same velocity" (American Society of Mechanical Engineers 1975, 5). No one has claimed the prize. Boyden died on October 17, 1879 in Boston. In his will, he bequeathed approximately $250,000 to Harvard University, which it used to build an observatory in Peru (Reynolds 2010). The Boyden Observatory is now located in South Africa.

Reference List

1975. The 102-inch Boyden Hydraulic Turbines at Harmony Mill No. 3, Cohoes, New York. The American Society of Mechanical Engineers. http://files.asme.org/ASMEORG/Communities/History/Landmarks/5507.pdf, (accessed 18 July 2010).

Reynolds, Terry S. 2010. Boyden, Uriah Atherton. American National Biography Online. Oxford University Press. http://www.anb.org/articles/13/13-00178.html (accessed 18 July 2010).
Provenance:
Unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rules may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply.
Topic:
Water-wheels  Search this
Tobacco  Search this
Thermometers  Search this
Thermoelectricity  Search this
Specific heat  Search this
Sound  Search this
Religions  Search this
Railroads -- Surveying  Search this
Railroads -- Construction  Search this
Radiometers  Search this
Pneumatics  Search this
Physics  Search this
Optics  Search this
Ozone  Search this
Natural history  Search this
Mental illness  Search this
Mills and mill-work  Search this
Dividends  Search this
Civil engineers  Search this
Chemistry  Search this
Chronometer  Search this
Census  Search this
Atomic theory  Search this
Fires -- Massachusetts -- Boston  Search this
Drinking of alcoholic beverages -- Law and legislation  Search this
Hydraulic turbines  Search this
Inventions -- 19th century  Search this
Glass manufacture  Search this
Hydraulic engineering and engineers  Search this
Lawsuits  Search this
Inventors -- 19th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Patents -- 1840-1850
Newspapers
Correspondence -- 19th century
Clippings
Articles
Drawings
Financial records
Legal documents
Notebooks
Citation:
Uriah A. Boyden Papers, 1806-1879, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0982
See more items in:
Uriah A. Boyden Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep885c5f4ab-b3e4-41bb-b41e-da133b559eae
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0982
Online Media:

George Gustav Heye

Collection Creator:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Collection Director:
Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1863-1962, undated
Scope and Contents:
The George Gustav Heye subseries includes correspondence and subject files from before the founding of MAI through Heye's death in 1957. The bulk of his correspondence consists of purchase receipts and inquiries about Native American artifacts. There is a small amount of personal correspondence. George Heye subject files contain biographical information as well as various personal documents. Also included are eleven scrapbooks of newspaper clippings on the museum compiled by Heye between 1916 and 1947.
Biographical / Historical:
George Gustav Heye (1874--957) was the son of Carl Friederich Gustav Heye, a German immigrant who accumulated his wealth in the petroleum industry, and Marie Antoinette Lawrence Heye of Hudson, N.Y. George Gustav graduated from Columbia College in 1896 with a degree in electrical engineering. While on a engineering assignment on a railroad construction job in Arizona in 1897, he acquired an Apache deerskin shirt, marking the beginning of his passion for collecting. Initially, it was a hobby. Heye acquired single pieces until 1903, when he began collecting material in huge numbers. In 1901, he began a career in investment banking that would last until 1909. By then his passion for acquiring Indian cultural materials had become more important to him than banking. Throughout the remainder of his life, his energy and fortune were spent accumulating the largest private collection of Native American objects in the world. Heye enjoyed his visits to American Indian communities, buying everything in sight. While other collectors focused on what was considered to be the highly significant object, Heye often bought every object he could find, shipping the items back to New York. The collection was initially stored in Heye's Madison Avenue apartment in New York City, and later, in a rented room. Eventually, the collection was moved to the Heye Foundation's Museum of the American Indian at 155th Street and Broadway. A life member of the American Anthropological Association and the American Museum of Natural History, Heye was also a life fellow of the American Geographical Society, a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and an honorary fellow of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain. He received an honorary doctorate (1929) of philosophy from the University of Hamburg. Heye's life and character is often defined by his passion for collecting. But the way he handled the collection indicates how complex and relatively unique Heye was as a museum director. Heye served as director of the Museum of the American Indian until his health failed in 1956.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation Records, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001, Subseries 1.1
See more items in:
Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records
Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records / Series 1: Directors
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv41618732a-0874-4f0d-a905-29143dc86cc3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-ref14

Erie Railroad Collection

Creator:
Erie Railroad Company  Search this
Olevsky, Walter  Search this
Donor:
ConRail  Search this
Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Work and Industry  Search this
Extent:
57 Cubic feet (60 boxes, 97 map-folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Blueprints
Mechanical drawings
Tracings
Glass negatives
Photographs
Drawings
Date:
circa 1880-1980
Scope and Contents:
Collection consists of six hundred sixty-eight (668) glass negatives relating to the Erie Railroad. Subjects include stations, train cars, railroad employees, employees' recreational activities, ferries, construction, street scenes, and resort hotels; drawings of structures built by the various railroads which, at the time of the donation, constituted the Consolidated Rail Corporation. Included are linen tracings, blueprints, and mechanical copies; and two cubic feet of photoprints made from negatives in the Erie Railroad Collection.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into seven series. Series 1: Photographs

Series 2: Glass Plate Negatives Series 3: Lists Series 4: Subject Files Series 5: Specifications for Bridges, Buildings and Terminals Series 6: Drawings Series 7: Bridge Notebooks
Biographical / Historical:
The Erie Railroad was founded in 1832 by large group of investors from the Southern Tier Counties of New York. Among these investors, businessman Eleazar Lord had been among the originators and later became the first president of the company. The railroad's construction took place from 1832 to 1851 with a seven-year pause between 1842 and 1849.

At the time of its completion, the Erie Railroad was the largest railway system in the United States, both in length, 446 miles, and in gauge, six feet. Thanks to its tracks span from New Jersey to Illinois and itsabove-average gauge, it could transport larger cargo.

Throughout its history the company underwent numerous bankruptcies and merged with several companies. The first merger was in 1960 with the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad creating the Erie Lackawanna Railroad. The second was in 1976 when the once-again bankrupt company merged with five other lines to create Conrail.

Source

Allegany County Historical Society, Andover, New York

https://www.alleganyhistory.org/culture/transportation/railroads/erie-railroad/1060-the-erie-railroad (Last accessed on Decemeber 3, 2019)
Provenance:
Originally collected by the National Museum of American History's Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering's reference collection.

In 1978, 668 glass plate negatives documenting Erie railroad stations were purchaed from Walter Olevsky; in 1987 drawings of structures built by the various railroads which, at the time of the donation, constituted the Consolidated Rail Corporation were donated; and in 2007, two cubic feet of photoprints and nine cubic feet of archival records were transferred from the Division of Work and Industry to the Archives Center.
Restrictions:
Collection open for research on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Railroads -- Buildings and structures  Search this
Railroads -- Employees  Search this
Railroads -- Rolling-stock  Search this
Railroad tracksdrawings  Search this
Railroad stations -- United States  Search this
Railroads -- 20th century  Search this
Railroads -- 19th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Blueprints
Mechanical drawings
Tracings
Glass negatives
Photographs -- 19th century
Photographs -- 20th century
Drawings
Citation:
Erie Railroad Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1082
See more items in:
Erie Railroad Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep867520079-bbe3-4fbe-9b75-cf3ba7872c37
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1082
Online Media:

Phineas Gage

Artist:
Unidentified Artist  Search this
Sitter:
Phineas Gage, 1822/23 - May 1860  Search this
Medium:
Daguerreotype
Dimensions:
Estimate: 8.3 × 7cm (3 1/4 × 2 3/4")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1845-1860
Topic:
Equipment  Search this
Phineas Gage: Male  Search this
Phineas Gage: Business and Finance\Transportation\Railroad Construction Foreman  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Private Collection
Object number:
PC991444
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4bd636878-b398-4c59-8908-a41eff613683
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_PC991444

Leland Stanford

Artist:
Charles Milton Bell, 03 Apr 1848 - 12 May 1893  Search this
Sitter:
Leland Stanford, 1824 - 1893  Search this
Medium:
Albumen silver print
Dimensions:
Image: 14.3 x 10.2cm (5 5/8 x 4")
Mount: 16.5 x 10.8cm (6 1/2 x 4 1/4")
Mat: 45.7 x 35.6cm (18 x 14")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1885
Topic:
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Leland Stanford: Male  Search this
Leland Stanford: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Financier  Search this
Leland Stanford: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Executive\Railroad  Search this
Leland Stanford: Politics and Government\US Senator\California  Search this
Leland Stanford: Politics and Government\Governor\California  Search this
Leland Stanford: Education\Founder\University  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: George R. Rinhart
Object number:
EXH.FR.20
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm40376f988-e48c-4419-8b4a-60be24311d9a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_EXH.FR.20

Seated Man with Chinese Servant

Artist:
Unidentified Maker  Search this
Sitter:
Unidentified Man  Search this
Medium:
Daguerreotype
Dimensions:
Frame: 12.4 x 11.1 x 1.9cm (4 7/8 x 4 3/8 x 3/4")
Type:
Photograph
Date:
c. 1855
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Table  Search this
Human Figures\Servant  Search this
Unidentified Man: Male  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art
Object number:
EXH.FR.22
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4f635c0ce-4096-488e-8cc5-f1400dd6d64d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_EXH.FR.22

[Trade catalogs from Bates & Rogers Const. Co.]

Company Name:
Bates & Rogers Const. Co.  Search this
Notes content:
General constractors ; major construction company that builds bridges, structures associated for railroads, tunnels, military installations, dams, etc. ; book celebrating 25 years of business.
Includes:
Trade catalog and histories
Black and white images
Physical description:
2 pieces; 2 boxes
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Chicago, Illinois, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Bridges  Search this
Railroad; streetcar; subway and tramway equipment and supplies  Search this
Construction and earth-moving machinery  Search this
Topic:
Bridge construction industry  Search this
Construction equipment  Search this
Earthmoving machinery  Search this
Railroad equipment industry  Search this
Street-railroads  Search this
Subways  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_7674
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_7674

[Trade catalogs from Baume et Marpent]

Company Name:
Baume et Marpent  Search this
Notes content:
Iron foundry: wheels, axles, railway appliances, bridges, wagons
Includes:
Trade catalog
Black and white images
Physical description:
1 piece; 1 box
Language:
German
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Germany
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Construction and earth-moving machinery  Search this
Materials handling equipment (includes barrels; bottling and filling; casters; chains; etc.)  Search this
Railroad; streetcar; subway and tramway equipment and supplies  Search this
Topic:
Barrels  Search this
Bottling  Search this
Construction equipment  Search this
Earthmoving machinery  Search this
Industrial equipment  Search this
Railroad equipment industry  Search this
Street-railroads  Search this
Subways  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_7727
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_7727

[Trade catalogs from R.C. Products Co., Inc.]

Company Name:
R.C. Products Co., Inc.  Search this
Notes content:
Provides retaining wall construction cribbing for railroad construction (1926)
Includes:
Trade catalog
Black and white images
Physical description:
1 piece; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Cleveland, Ohio, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Railroad; streetcar; subway and tramway equipment and supplies  Search this
Topic:
Railroad equipment industry  Search this
Street-railroads  Search this
Subways  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_8361
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_8361

[Trade catalogs from Call Switch Co.]

Company Name:
Call Switch Co.  Search this
Notes content:
Call switches for steam, inter-urban and industrial railroad construction.
Includes:
Trade catalog
Black and white images
Physical description:
1 piece; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
New York, New York, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Railroad; streetcar; subway and tramway equipment and supplies  Search this
Topic:
Railroad equipment industry  Search this
Street-railroads  Search this
Subways  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_9170
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_9170

[Trade catalogs from Ohio Locomotive Crane Co.]

Company Name:
Ohio Locomotive Crane Co.  Search this
Notes content:
Locomotive cranes.
Includes:
Trade catalog
Black and white images
Physical description:
10 pieces; 2 boxes
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Bucyrus, Ohio, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Construction and earth-moving machinery  Search this
Railroad; streetcar; subway and tramway equipment and supplies  Search this
Topic:
Construction equipment  Search this
Earthmoving machinery  Search this
Railroad equipment industry  Search this
Street-railroads  Search this
Subways  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_28935
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_28935

[Trade catalogs from Moran Bolt & Nut Mfg. Co.]

Company Name:
Moran Bolt & Nut Mfg. Co.  Search this
Notes content:
Nuts and bolts ; railroad trestle ; pile drivers ; other equipment .
Includes:
Trade catalog and price lists
Black and white images
Physical description:
1 piece; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
St. Louis, Missouri, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Hardware and hand tools  Search this
Railroad; streetcar; subway and tramway equipment and supplies  Search this
Construction and earth-moving machinery  Search this
Topic:
Construction equipment  Search this
Earthmoving machinery  Search this
Hardware  Search this
Railroad equipment industry  Search this
Street-railroads  Search this
Subways  Search this
Tools  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_32199
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_32199

[Trade catalogs from William Jones Ltd.]

Company Name:
William Jones Ltd.  Search this
Notes content:
Conveying equipment ; railway layouts ; rocker dump wagons ; wagons and carts ; trollies ; locomotives ; excavators ; "Dobbin" wagons ; etc.
Includes:
Trade catalog
Black and white images
Physical description:
13 pieces; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
London, United Kingdom
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Construction and earth-moving machinery  Search this
Railroad; streetcar; subway and tramway equipment and supplies  Search this
Materials handling equipment (includes barrels; bottling and filling; casters; chains; etc.)  Search this
Topic:
Barrels  Search this
Bottling  Search this
Construction equipment  Search this
Earthmoving machinery  Search this
Industrial equipment  Search this
Railroad equipment industry  Search this
Street-railroads  Search this
Subways  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_24486
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_24486

[Trade catalogs from Thew Shovel Co.]

Company Name:
Thew Shovel Co.  Search this
Related companies:
Thew Automatic Shovel Co. ; Thew-Lorain Co., Div. of Koehring Co. ; Thew-Lorain Div., Koehring Co. ; Universal Crane Div. ; Universal Crane Co. ; Lorain Steel Co.  Search this
Notes content:
"Lorain," convertible shovel-hoe-drag-clam-crane ; power shovels ; excavators ; dredges ; cranes ; electric railway shovels
Includes:
Trade catalog
Black and white images
Physical description:
91 pieces; 2 boxes
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Lorain, Ohio, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Construction and earth-moving machinery  Search this
Electrical apparatus and equipment  Search this
Mining machinery; equipment and supplies  Search this
Railroad; streetcar; subway and tramway equipment and supplies  Search this
Topic:
Construction equipment  Search this
Earthmoving machinery  Search this
Electric apparatus and appliances  Search this
Mining machinery industry  Search this
Railroad equipment industry  Search this
Street-railroads  Search this
Subways  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_25148
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_25148

[Trade catalogs from Lima Locomotive Works, Inc.]

Variant company name:
Multiple locations: New York, NY  Search this
Company Name:
Lima Locomotive Works, Inc.  Search this
Related companies:
Lima Machine Works ; Lima Locomotive Works Inc. , Shovel & Crane Div. ; Lima Locomotive & Machine Co. ; Lima Locomotive Corp. ; Lima-Hamilton ; Baldwin-Lima-Hamilton  Search this
Notes content:
Locomotive engines , cars , wheels , axles , etc. ; "Shay" geared and rod locomotives ; locomotive stacks ; "Shay Industrials" brand name ; locomotive cars ; gears and pinions and other repair parts ; "Shay" geared locomotives for industrial railways ; locomotives for construction work ; "Lima Locomotive Works, Inc." company bulletins ; gasoline powered locomotives ; wood burning locomotives ; custom built locomotives for railway companies ; Southern Pacific Railway Co. ; "Lima Super-Power" steam locomotives ; locomotives for logging ; "Lima Super-Paymaster" ; cranes ; convertible shovel-dragline-crane ; "Photographic Impressions of Lima Locomotive Works, Inc." ; diesel engine and dual fuel engine data
Includes:
Trade catalog
Black and white images
Color images
Physical description:
52 pieces; 2 boxes
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Lima, Ohio, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Construction and earth-moving machinery  Search this
Engines and motors: steam; oil; gas; etc.  Search this
Railroad; streetcar; subway and tramway equipment and supplies  Search this
Topic:
Construction equipment  Search this
Earthmoving machinery  Search this
Engines  Search this
Motors  Search this
Railroad equipment industry  Search this
Street-railroads  Search this
Subways  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_26891
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_26891

[Trade catalogs from Lowell Corp.]

Variant company name:
"Lowell Corporation was founded as the Lowell Wrench Company in 1869 by John E. Sinclair after he obtained a patent for a new style of wrench, the Lowell Ratchet..." Source: In Lowell Corp. record .  Search this
Company Name:
Lowell Corp.  Search this
Related companies:
Lowell Machinery Component Div. ; Lowell Wrench Co.  Search this
Notes content:
"Ratchet Devices" ; socket wrenches ; torque wrenches ; ratchet clutches ; roller clutches ; "reversible ratchet wrenches" ; hand vises ; boiler ratchets ; "Lowell Red Ratchet Wrenches" ; "Warnock" and "Simplex" strap wrenches ; bridge wrenches ; bridge builders' tools ; "Red Socket" wrenches ; "SWACO" "safety hopper car wrench" and "safety car mover" ; other parts and accessories .
Includes:
Trade catalog and price lists
Black and white images
Color images
Physical description:
11 pieces; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Worcester, Massachusetts, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Construction and earth-moving machinery  Search this
Mining machinery; equipment and supplies  Search this
Railroad; streetcar; subway and tramway equipment and supplies  Search this
Hardware and hand tools  Search this
Industrial equipment or mechanical machinery (including supplies and components)  Search this
Topic:
Construction equipment  Search this
Earthmoving machinery  Search this
Hardware  Search this
Industrial equipment  Search this
Machinery  Search this
Mining machinery industry  Search this
Railroad equipment industry  Search this
Street-railroads  Search this
Subways  Search this
Tools  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_27801
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_27801

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