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Bendix Air Races Collection

Creator:
Bendix Corporation.  Search this
Bendix Aviation Corp  Search this
Names:
All-Women Trans-Continental Air Race  Search this
Bendix Air Races  Search this
First Annual Aircraft Show (Cleveland, 1946)  Search this
Gordon Bennett Balloon Race  Search this
Intercollegiate Air Meet  Search this
Medallic Art Company  Search this
National Aeronautics and Space Administration. John F. Kennedy Space Center  Search this
National Air Races  Search this
National Intercollegiate Flying Association  Search this
National Soaring Contest  Search this
Soaring Society of America  Search this
Cochran, Jacqueline  Search this
Doolittle, James Harold, 1896-1993  Search this
Mantz, Paul  Search this
Stewart, James  Search this
Thaden, Iris Louise McPhetridge  Search this
Extent:
7.28 Cubic feet (5 records center boxes, 1 16 x 20 x 3 inch flatbox, 1 12 x 16 x 3 inch flatbox)
7.66 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Manuscripts
Photographs
Publications
Financial records
Audiotapes
Telegrams
Ephemera
Date:
1931-1985
bulk 1931-1939
bulk 1946-1962
Summary:
The Bendix Corporation (1924-1983), manufacturers of devices for the automotive and aviation industries, sponsored the Bendix Trophy Race—a transcontinental speed competition for aircraft—annually from 1931-1939, then sporadically from 1946-1962. This collection includes race-related materials from the Bendix Advertising and Publicity department, along with materials from other aviation events for which Bendix was a sponsor. Approximately a third of the collection relates to the corporation's activities from circa 1960 to 1983, including military and commercial avionics and communications systems, and support for the Unites States space program, particularly the construction of Kennedy Space Center (KSC) Launch Complex 39.
Scope and Contents:
This collection centers on the activities of the Bendix Advertising and Publicity department (later Advertising and Public Relations), for many years directed by William A. Mara (later Eldon E. Fox) and assisted by the New York public relations firm Carl Byoir and Associates, Inc. Materials include correspondence, telegrams, documents, brochures, press releases, photographs, and black and white and color negatives and transparencies. As the Bendix Trophy Races were closely associated with the National Air Races, the collection includes race programs, schedules, entry forms, and related air racing ephemera, as well as a number of photographs by Robert E. Burke and Associates, for many years the official photographer of the National Air Races in Cleveland, Ohio. Similar materials relate to the National Soaring Contest held in Elmira, New York (1935-1946), and the All Woman Transcontinental Air Race (1956-1962) for which Bendix was a sponsor, various National Aircraft Shows and National Aviation Shows, and Bendix's membership in the Aircraft Industries Association of America (AIAA). The collection also includes materials relating to the design and production of the Vincent Bendix Trophy and related replicas and engraved plaques by the Medallic Art Company (New York, NY) and plaster models and plaques by The Potter-Bentley Studios, Inc. (Cleveland, Ohio). Also included are photographs and two sets of 11 audio cassette tape recordings each of interviews made as part of the 1985 program "The Golden Years," and photographs taken at the related October 30, 1985, event at the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum. The later third of the collection relates to Bendix's activities circa 1960-1985, with documents and photographs relating to the construction of Kennedy Space Center (KSC) Launch Complex 39, followed by a small amount of assorted advertising ephemera for various Bendix electronic products and services.
Arrangement:
The materials are arranged in the original physical order as received from the donor, and have been grouped into four series. Folders within a series generally run in chronological order, although the last series contains an assortment of materials many of which would be more logically placed in earlier series. Folders of correspondence are generally arranged in reverse chronological order within the folder. Many of the photographs appearing in Series 2 (Bendix Trophy Races, By Year) can be found duplicated elsewhere in the collection. Boxes 6 and 7 both contain oversized materials.
Biographical / Historical:
The Bendix Corporation, founded in 1924 by inventor Victor Bendix, began as a manufacturer of devices for use in the automotive industry, initially of engine-related items such as starting motors and carburetors, but soon expanding to brakes and hydraulic systems. In 1929, renamed as Bendix Aviation, the corporation branched out into the design and manufacture of equipment for the closely related aeronautics industry, including aircraft hydraulics for brake and flap systems, aircraft engine carburetors, and various electric and electronic instruments. In 1931, Bendix decided to sponsor the first Bendix Trophy Race—a transcontinental speed competition open to all comers, male or female—"to encourage experimental developments by airplane designers and to improve the skills of aviators in cross-country flying techniques such as weather plotting, high altitude and instrument flight." The Bendix Trophy Races were held in conjunction with the National Air Races, occurring with great fanfare annually from 1931-1939, but were suspended from 1940-1945 during World War II. In 1946, the races resumed, but now had to contend with the invention of the jet engine—accordingly, the Bendix Trophy Race was split into two categories: the "R" Division for reciprocating engine airplanes, and the "J" Division for U.S. military jet airplanes. Interest in air racing had declined in the post-war period, and no race was run in 1950. In 1951 the races resumed, and from this point on were limited to U.S. military jets only. Subsequent Bendix Trophy Races occurred in 1953-1957, and then (after a three-year gap) in 1961, with the last race held in 1962.

By this point in time, the Bendix Corporation—which had branched out to dominate the US market in aircraft radio and radar equipment during World War II—was producing missile and radar systems for the US military. In the 1960s Bendix was also building ground and airbourne telecommunications and telemetry systems for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The Bendix Field Engineering division worked on the construction of Kennedy Space Center (KSC) Launch Complex 39 at the Merritt Island Launch Area (MILA) adjacent to Cape Canaveral, Florida, including the Apollo Launch Control Center, Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB), and operational support equipment. In the 1970s, Bendix and its numerous Divisions were involved in a series of mergers, sales, and other changes involving the Raytheon and Allied (later Allied-Signal Aerospace) corporations, followed by a hostile takeover attempt in 1982 by Martin Marietta. In 1983, Bendix was acquired by Allied-Signal Aerospace (later Honeywell International) which retained the avionics part of the business.

The original Vincent Bendix Trophy was donated to the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum in 1985 [artifact number A19850368000]. On October 30, 1985, an event sponsored by Bendix/Allied-Signal was held at the museum in Washington, D.C., honoring aviators involved in the Bendix Trophy Races. Titled "The Golden Years," the program included interviews with several winners of the Bendix Trophy.
Provenance:
Allied-Signal Aerospace Corp, gift, 1988, NASM.1988.0115
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- Exhibitions  Search this
Periodicals  Search this
Mercury Project  Search this
Gemini Project  Search this
Apollo Project  Search this
Project Apollo (U.S.)  Search this
Aeronautics -- Competitions  Search this
Trophies  Search this
Saturn 5 Launch Vehicle  Search this
Radar air traffic control systems  Search this
Avionics  Search this
Gliding and soaring  Search this
McDonnell F-4 (F4H) Phantom II Family  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Manuscripts
Photographs
Publications
Financial records
Audiotapes
Telegrams
Ephemera
Citation:
Bendix Air Races Collection, Acc. NASM.1988.0115, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1988.0115
See more items in:
Bendix Air Races Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1988-0115
Online Media:

Glen A. Gilbert Collection

Creator:
Gilbert, Glen Alexander, 1913-1982  Search this
Names:
Gilbert, Glen Alexander, 1913-1982  Search this
Extent:
1.82 Cubic Feet (4 document boxes; 1 slim document box)
Type:
Archival materials
Collection descriptions
Publications
Date:
1935-1982
Summary:
This collection consists of a seven volume set representing a partial documentation of Gilbert's contribution to ATC development. The material was compiled by Gilbert's wife after his death in 1982. The collection also includes two books by Gilbert on air traffic control.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains seven bound volumes of Gilbert's written work. The volumes document Gilbert's contribution to ATC development from 1935 to 1982. The material was compiled by Gilbert's wife after his death in 1982. The collection also includes the following books:

Air Traffic Control, Glen A. Gilbert, Ziff-Davis Publishing Company, Chicago, 1945

Air Traffic Control: the Uncrowded Sky, Glen A. Gilbert, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC 1973

IEEE Transactions on Communications Special Issue on Aeronautical Communications, May 1978, ed. Sherman Karp, George G. Haroules & Leslie Klein, May 1973
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in Volume order.
Biographical/Historical note:
Glen A. Gilbert (1913-1982), pilot, administrator and aviation consultant, played a key role in the development of the United States and international Air Traffic Control (ATC) System. Following his graduation from the University of Wisconsin, Gilbert went to work in commercial aviation, including periods at Northwest Airways (communications installation and operations, flight operations, (1931-34)), and American Airlines (Communications Supervisor, 1934-36). During this period he helped develop and operate collision-avoidance procedures for aircraft operating under instrument conditions until this service was taken over buy the federal government. Gilbert became the first Director of the United States ATC System (Chief, Airway Traffic Control Section, 1936-40; Chief ATC Division, 1940-46) during which time he represented the United States at a number of international conferences on aviation and played a key role in the formation of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) in 1944. He then became Special Assistant to the Administrator of Civil Aeronautics (1946-1951), where he continued his involvement with international aviation issues, often under commission for the President or Secretary of State. In 1951, Gilbert became an aviation expert for ICAO (1951-57) and later founded Glen Gilbert and Associates (1957), an aviation consulting firm. Gilbert co-authored 28 patent claims for airborne and ground equipment to improve ATC safety and efficiency and wrote a number of books and articles on the subject.
General note:
Duplicate sets of documents in LC; History of Aviation Collection, University of TX at Dallas; FAA Library; Helicopter Association International. Archival material in History of Aviation Collection, UTX Dallas. One of the books in this collection was transferred to the NASM Library. The title is as follows: Instrument and Radio Flying by Karl S. Day.
Separated Materials:
Instrument and Radio Flying, Karl S. Day, Air Associates, Inc. Garden City, New Jersey, 1938 was transferred to the National Air and Space Museum Library Branch of the Smithsonian Libraries.
Provenance:
Gordon Gilbert, gift, 1984, XXXX-0187, Unknown
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Air traffic control  Search this
Airplanes -- Collision avoidance  Search this
Radar air traffic control systems  Search this
Genre/Form:
Publications
Citation:
Glen A. Gilbert Collection, Acc. XXXX-0187, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0187
See more items in:
Glen A. Gilbert Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0187
Online Media:

The story of GCA / by Chester F. Porterfield

Author:
Porterfield, Chester F  Search this
Physical description:
48 leaves : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
195u
1947
195-?]
Topic:
Radar air traffic control systems  Search this
Radar in aeronautics  Search this
Call number:
TL696.R25 P67 1950z
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_733467

[Technical reports on Doppler radar, Doppler navigation, gyrocompassing, SPAR radar equipment, and a landing assistance system]

Author:
Laboratory for Electronics (Boston, Mass.)  Search this
Physical description:
<8> v. : ill
Type:
Books
Date:
1954
1954-
Topic:
Doppler radar  Search this
Doppler navigation  Search this
Gyro compass  Search this
Radar air traffic control systems  Search this
Airplanes--Landing  Search this
Call number:
TL507 .L123
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_472808

[Technical reports on the XB70, emergency and escape procedures, air traffic control electronic equipment, ceramic foam and ceramic honeycomb, technical writing, microminiaturization, a height finder for air surveillance radar, redundancy, reliability, error correcting codes, a CP-256 (XA)/APN flare-out computer, landing of aircraft, atmospheric turbulence, reliability, x-ray studies of electronic components, microwave parametric amplifiers, response of human subjects to ground and water impact, and supersonic booms]

Author:
North American Aviation  Search this
Physical description:
<32> v. : ill
Type:
Books
Date:
1955
1955-
Topic:
B-70 bomber  Search this
Aeronautics--Safety measures  Search this
Air traffic control--Electronic equipment  Search this
Ceramic materials--Bibliography  Search this
Technical writing--Bibliography  Search this
Microelectronics--Bibliography  Search this
Radar air traffic control systems  Search this
Redundancy (Engineering)--Bibliography  Search this
Reliability (Engineering)--Bibliography  Search this
Error-correcting codes (Information theory)--Bibliography  Search this
Aeronautics--Computer programs  Search this
Airplanes--Landing  Search this
Atmospheric turbulence--Bibliography  Search this
Parametric amplifiers--Bibliography  Search this
Sonic boom  Search this
Call number:
TL507 .N8642
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_473308

[Technical reports on a visit to the Federal Aviation Administration, air traffic control, air traffic control simulators, and radar in air traffic control]

Author:
Great Britain National Air Traffic Control Services Air Traffic Control Evaluation Unit Bournemouth (Hurn) Airport  Search this
Subject:
United States Federal Aviation Administration  Search this
Physical description:
<29> v. : ill
Type:
Books
Date:
1965
1965-
Topic:
Air traffic control  Search this
Air traffic control simulators  Search this
Radar air traffic control systems  Search this
Call number:
TL507 .G7867
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_473958

[Technical reports on aeronautics: general flight information, notices to airmen (NTAMS), census of aircraft, aviation statistics and forecasts, cost studies, factbooks, air traffic surveys, air safety and air accident reports, lists of operators, aviation in defense, international restrictions and regulations, air traffic control and communications procedures, indexes of facilities, equipment outages, airline industry data, airline noise data, navigation systems ... ]

Author:
United States Federal Aviation Administration  Search this
Subject:
United States Federal Aviation Administration  Search this
Physical description:
<6425> v. : ill
Type:
Books
Date:
1959
1959-
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Air traffic rules  Search this
Navigation (Aeronautics)  Search this
Radar air traffic control systems  Search this
Airplanes--Landing  Search this
Airplanes--Piloting  Search this
Aeronautical instruments  Search this
Call number:
TL507 .U5256a
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_475876

[Technical reports on aeronautics : general flight information, international restrictions and regulations, air traffic control and communications procedures, indexes of facilities, notices to airmen (NOTAMS), safety practices in aeronautics, instrument approach procedures, radio frequency and identification listings, direction finding station data ... ]

Author:
United States Civil Aeronautics Administration  Search this
Physical description:
<167> v. : ill
Type:
Books
Date:
1938
1938-1958
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Air traffic rules  Search this
Air traffic control  Search this
Navigation (Aeronautics)  Search this
Radar air traffic control systems  Search this
Airplanes--Landing  Search this
Airplanes--Piloting  Search this
Aeronautical instruments  Search this
Languages, Artificial  Search this
Call number:
TL507 .U5181
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_475917

Radar procedures : operating procedures for control tower surveillance radar and ground controlled approach

Author:
United States Civil Aeronautics Administration  Search this
Institute of the Aeronautical Sciences (U.S.)  Search this
Physical description:
16 p., 6 leaves : ill. ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1948
1948]
Topic:
Radar air traffic control systems  Search this
Radar in aeronautics  Search this
Call number:
TL696.R25U52
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_92269

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