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Vernon Torrence Collection

Creator:
Donnald, Morrill  Search this
Torrence, Vernon Keith, 1921-1946  Search this
Kansas Wesleyan University  Search this
United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation  Search this
Extent:
0.8 Cubic feet (1 flat box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Programs
Pamphlets
Travelers' checks
Photographs
School yearbooks
Diplomas
Contracts
Commemoratives
Memorial service booklets
Diaries
Correspondence
Date:
1940-1942
Summary:
Photographs, a Kansas Wesleyan University yearbook (with personal messages and inscriptions), diplomas, correspondence regarding Torrence's disappearance, newspaper clippings, his memorial service booklet or program, and a diary which he kept during a week-long adventure as a "hobo" in Kansas.
Scope and Contents:
This small collection is comprised of several types of material including Vernon's high school and college diplomas, college yearbook with handwritten notes from classmates, photographs, correspondence, newspaper clippings about the discovery of his remains, and his memorial service booklet. Of special interest is a 1940 pocket diary containing Vernon's account of a week long adventure as a "hobo" in rural Kansas when he and a friend hopped freight trains, slept in boxcars and a hay stack, washed up in a "jungle," and met other men traveling the rails. In 2000 an attempt was made by the author of this finding aid to obtain additional information about Vernon from the FBI under the Freedom of Information and Privacy Acts (FOIA). The material obtained focused on the finding of his body and the process of identifying his remains; little information about his days as a conscientious objector was provided. The FOIA material is in this collection's control file.
Arrangement:
1 series.
Biographical / Historical:
Vernon Keith Torrence was born in McCune, Kansas, on November 18, 1921. After graduating from high school in Solomon, Kansas, Vernon entered Kansas Wesleyan University from which he graduated with honors in history in 1942. During his senior year he was the editor of the University's 1942 yearbook, the "Coyote." His pacifist beliefs were in place at least by his senior year as evidenced by the comments fellow students wrote in Vernon's copy of the yearbook. Vernon's father was a Methodist minister who also held anti war sentiments.

In September 1942 Vernon was drafted and joined the Civilian Public Service as a conscientious objector. His alternative service took him to Buck Creek, North Carolina, Gatlinburg, Tennessee, and Markleeville, California, under the auspices of the National Park and Forestry Service. In December 1943 he began work with the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, serving in Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona. In March 1945 he walked out of Conscientious Objector's Camp # 98 in Arizona; two months later he was picked up, arraigned, and released on bond by the U.S. District Court. That fall Vernon received a notice of dismissal of his court case, and he took this to mean that his alternative service was now complete and began working for a construction company in Los Angeles. The government felt otherwise and declared him absent without leave.

In the summer of 1946 Vernon put his savings into American Express Travelers Checks and began hitchhiking to Kansas to visit his family. He never arrived. On August 27, 1956 a ranger found his body in rugged terrain in Sequoia Kings Canyon National Park, California, where Vernon had apparently fallen while hiking alone. The FBI, which had continued to search for Vernon until 1951, identified the body from the travelers checks. Vernon was buried in Minneapolis, Kansas, on October 13, 1956.
Provenance:
The material in this collection was maintained by Vernon's parents, Ira and Madge Torrence, and his younger sister, Lois Torrence, a fellow student at Kansas Wesleyan University who was devoted to her older brother. Upon their deaths the material was obtained by the remaining sister, Margaret Torrence Donnald, whose husband, Morrill Donnald, donated the material to the Archives Center, NMAH, in January 2000.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Conscientious objectors -- World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Tramps -- 1940-1990  Search this
Public service employment  Search this
Genre/Form:
Programs -- Memorial services
Pamphlets
Travelers' checks
Photographs -- 1900-1950
School yearbooks
Diplomas
Contracts
Commemoratives
Memorial service booklets
Diaries -- 20th century
Correspondence -- 1930-1950
Citation:
Vernon Torrence Collection, 1930-1957, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0717
See more items in:
Vernon Torrence Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0717
Online Media:

Scrapbook: Return Surplus Lands to Indian People

Collection Creator:
Thorpe, Grace F.  Search this
Extent:
38 Photographic prints
Container:
Box 12
Box 2, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Date:
1971
Scope and Contents:
This scrapbook includes articles, newspaper clippings, letters and photographs from various events and marches Grace participated in regarding the fight for returning surplus lands to Native peoples. These events and materials include--Fishing Rights March (1970) in Yelm, Washington with the McCloud family; Fort Lawton "Surplus" March (1970) in Seattle, Washington; Pit River versus P.G..E. (1970) in Big Bend, California; DQU, Deganawidah Quetzalcoatl University founding (1971) in Davis, California; and documentation as National Commitee Director for the "Return Surplus Lands to Indian People".
Separated Materials:
The cover and back of the scrapbook binder are in Box 12 since they are oversized.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Grace F. Thorpe Collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Grace F. Thorpe Collection
Grace F. Thorpe Collection / Series 4: Working on Behalf of Native Americans and Activism
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-085-ref108
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Scrapbook: Return Surplus Lands to Indian People digital asset number 1

The WPA and federal relief policy / by Donald S. Howard

Author:
Howard, Donald S (Donald Stevenson) 1912-  Search this
Russell Sage Foundation  Search this
Subject:
United States Work Projects Administration  Search this
Physical description:
879 p. : ill., maps ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1943
Topic:
Public service employment  Search this
Unemployed  Search this
Public welfare  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_595809

Workfare or fair work : women, welfare, and government work programs / Nancy E. Rose

Author:
Rose, Nancy Ellen  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 263 p. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1995
C1995
20th century
Topic:
Women--Employment--History  Search this
Welfare recipients--Employment--History  Search this
Public service employment--History  Search this
Job creation--History  Search this
Occupational training for women--History  Search this
Welfare recipients--Employment--Law and legislation  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_488921

Work relief in New York State, 1931-1935 / by Alexander Leopold Radomski

Author:
Radomski, Alexander Leopold 1905-  Search this
Physical description:
x, 332 p. : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
New York (State)
Date:
1947
Topic:
Public service employment  Search this
Call number:
HV98.N7R3 1947aX
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_376025

The New Deal and the unemployed : the view from New York City / Barbara Blumberg

Author:
Blumberg, Barbara  Search this
Physical description:
332 p. : ill. ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
New York (State)
New York
New York (N.Y.)
Date:
1979
C1979
Topic:
Public service employment--History  Search this
Public works--History  Search this
Call number:
HD4606.N5 B58 1979X
HD4606.N5B58 1979X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_110269

Pickaxe and pencil : references for the study of the WPA / compiled by Marguerite D. Bloxom (Bibliography Section, General Reading Rooms Division, Library of Congress)

Author:
Bloxom, Marguerite D  Search this
Library of Congress General Reading Rooms Division Bibliography Section  Search this
Subject:
United States Works Progress Administration  Search this
Physical description:
vii, 87 pages : illustrations ; 29 cm
Type:
Bibliography
Place:
United States
Date:
1982
Topic:
Public service employment  Search this
Call number:
Z7164.P97 B65
HD5713.6 .U54B65 1982
Z7164.P97B65
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_147567

Report on the works program, Works progress administration. Harry L. Hopkins, administrator. Division of research, statistics, and records. March 16, 1936

Author:
United States Work Projects Administration  Search this
Physical description:
v, 106 p. incl. illus. (incl. maps) tables, diagrs. 29 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1936
[1936]
Topic:
Public service employment  Search this
Unemployed  Search this
Call number:
HD3881 .A56 1936adX
HD3881.A56 1936adX
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_72407

Minister of relief; Harry Hopkins and the depression

Author:
Charles, Searle F  Search this
Subject:
Hopkins, Harry L (Harry Lloyd) 1890-1946  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 286 pages illustrations, portrait 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1963
1933
Topic:
Depressions  Search this
Public service employment  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1056641

The WPA : creating jobs and hope in the Great Depression / Sandra Opdycke

Author:
Opdycke, Sandra  Search this
Subject:
United States Work Projects Administration History  Search this
Physical description:
xvi, 198 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
History
Place:
United States
Date:
2016
20th century
Topic:
Unemployment--History  Search this
Manpower policy--History  Search this
Public service employment--History  Search this
New Deal, 1933-1939  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1062476

The Works Progress Administration in Detroit / Elizabeth Clemens

Author:
Clemens, Elizabeth  Search this
Subject:
United States Works Progress Administration  Search this
Physical description:
127 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Pictorial works
Place:
Michigan
Detroit
Detroit (Mich.)
Date:
2008
C2008
20th century
Topic:
Job creation--History  Search this
Public service employment--History  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_909996

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