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Aplysia

Creator:
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2014-09-01T14:37:44.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Tropics;Biology  Search this
See more by:
BocasResearchStation
Data Source:
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute
YouTube Channel:
BocasResearchStation
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_7qfFnoQUEvQ

Absorption Spectra of Some Proteins and Protein-Containing Preparations

Collection Creator:
Halkett, James A. E. (physicist)  Search this
Wesolowski, Sigmund A.  Search this
Container:
Box 27, Item 60
Type:
Archival materials
Slides
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
James A. E. Halkett and Sigmund A. Wesolowski, M.D. Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
James A. E. Halkett Papers and Sigmund A. Wesolowski, M.D. Papers
James A. E. Halkett Papers and Sigmund A. Wesolowski, M.D. Papers / Series 1: James A.E. Halkett Papers / 1.3: Lantern Slides / 1.3.3: Experiments
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep893795816-8ca3-478a-9f7f-c5e0754382e0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0220-ref1267

[Trade catalogs from E. I. Du Pont De Nemours & Co. (Inc.)]

Variant company name:
Est. 1802  Search this
Company Name:
E. I. Du Pont De Nemours & Co. (Inc.)  Search this
Related companies:
Arlington Co. ; Electrochemicals Div. (or Dept.) ; Chlorine Products Div. ; Rubber Chemicals Div. ; R. & H. Chemicals Dept. ; Ceramic Products Div. ; Minerals Separation Div. ; Amonia Dept. ; Grasseli Chemicals Dept. ; Electroplating Div. ; Elastomers Div. ; Elastomer Chemicals Dept. ; Photo Products Dept. ; Defender Div. ; Du Pont Fibersilk Co.; Du Pont Film Mfg. Corp. ; Film Dept. - Sales Div., Industrial Sales Div., Building Materials Sales Div. ; Organic Chemicals Dept. (Div.) ; Fine Chemicals Div. ; Du Pont Viscoloid Co., Inc. ; Fabrikoid Div. ; Fabrics & Finishes Dept. ; Finishes Div. ; Organic Chemicals Dept. ; Dyestuffs Div. (Dept.) ; "Freon" Products Div. ; Semesan Section ; E. I. du Pont de Nemours Powder Co. ; DuPont Cellophane Co., Inc. ; "Cel-O-Seal" Div. ; Du Pont Co. PERMASEP Products, FASLOC sales, TYPAR Sales ; Du Pont Everdur Co. ; Patterson Screen Div. ; Acids and Heavy Chemicals Div. ; Petroleum Chemicals Div. ; Rayon Div. ; Industrial Products Div. ; Pigments Dept. ; Pyralin Dept. ; Agricultural Div. ; Plastics Dept. ; Polychemicals Dept. ; Biotechnology Systems Div. ; NEN Research Products ; Du Pont Radiopharmaceuticals ; Biomedical Products Dept. ; Explosives Dept. ; Agricultural Extension Section ; Military Sales Div. ; Qualicon ; Du Pont Style News Service (New York, NY)  Search this
Notes content:
OVERSIZE. Metal degreasing with chlorinated solvents ; sodium hydride descaling process ; "Cadalyte" cadmium plating salts ; "Zin-O-Lyte" zinc plating salts ; peroxide bleaching systems ; molten salt baths for heat treatment and case hardening of steel ; "Perclene" and "Ovalclene" dry cleaning fluid / detergent ; formaldehyde fungicide, germicide, and deodorant for the farm and home ; "Neoprene" chloroprene rubber. Minerals separation process for cleaning coal and concentrating minerals ; polyvinyl alcohol ; methyl chloride, a refrigerant ; glassware decoration ; gold and silver plating with precious metal cyanides. "Propionates" mold and rope inhibitors for bread ; "Uramon" ammonia liquors ; copperized wood preserver ; japenese beetle repellent ; electrotinning, the sodium stannate-sodium acetate process ; "Cadalyte," the complete salt for cadmium plating ; electroplating. "Hytrel" polyester elastomer ; urethane foam ; "Hypalon" synthetic rubber ; elastomers. Mylar polyester film ; Kapton polyimide film ; Tedlar PVF film ; professional motion picture films ; Cronaflex ; Mylar ; Tedlar. Dyes ; aromatics ; synthetics for perfumes. Lucite, Pyralin, Arlton boudoir accessories. "Ventube" mine ventilation ; apron cloth. Sealants ; industrial fabrics ; "Corfam" poromeric material and reinforced substrate. "Duco" and "Dulux" color finishes ; paint for cars ; dyes for paper. Freon solvents ; "Semesan" seed disinfectants, turf fungicides ; road construction and maintenance ; cellophane ; merchandise packaging ; PERMASEP products ; FASLOC resin anchored bolt systems ; TYPAR textile material for the construction industry ; "EVERDUR" metal ; lactic acid in leather tanning ; rayon ; moisture analyzers ; photometric analyzers ; paint ; "Pyralin" toiletware ; plastics ; Lucite. Sorvall centrifuges ; protein biochemistry products ; NEN nucleotides ; molecular biology products ; chromotography products ; magnetic products (incl. videotape) ; "Corfam" poromeric material for shoemaking ; The Story of... Neoprene, Farm Chemicals, Safety, Duco Finishes, Cellophane, Research, "Coal, Air and Water" ; explosives for farmers, quarry blasting, blasting ditches, field clearing, seismic prospectors ; blasting accessories ; munitions ; blasting rivets ; trapshooting supplies ; etc. "Leonard A. Yerkes: Fibersilk to Fiber 'A'". Genetic fingerprinting ; pathogen detection. Mass Spectrometer ; Data System. "The Super Show/97 Official Show Directory and Sports Product Guide" (February 1997) ; "Du Pont Rayon Reaches New Peak in Fashion Fabrics" (Fall 1937) with fabric samples
Includes:
Trade catalog, price lists, manual, samples and histories
Black and white images
Color images
Types of samples:
Mylar ; Ventube ; apron cloth ; paint samples ; paper dye colors ; cellophane ; TYPAR ; DUCO tinting colors ; Rayon fabric samples
Physical description:
699 pieces; 28 boxes
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Wilmington, Delaware, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Agricultural tools and machinery  Search this
Biotechnology and biochemical equipment and supplies  Search this
Brass; bronze and specialty metals  Search this
Chemicals and chemical products  Search this
Cleaning tools and supplies  Search this
Construction and earth-moving machinery  Search this
Cosmetics  Search this
Explosives and fireworks  Search this
Farm equipment and supplies (including dairy and poultry equipment)  Search this
Foods and beverage products and processing equipment (including brewing; distilleries; beer; wine; etc.)  Search this
Furniture and furnishings  Search this
Garden and lawn equipment and supplies  Search this
Industrial equipment or mechanical machinery (including supplies and components)  Search this
Iron and steel products (castings; sheet steel; steel wire; wire rope; pig iron and structural steel products )  Search this
Laboratories and laboratory supplies and equipment  Search this
Medical and surgical instruments and supplies  Search this
Military equipment and supplies (including uniforms)  Search this
Mills and milling supplies  Search this
Mining machinery; equipment and supplies  Search this
Packaging materials and shipping  Search this
Paint; varnishes; adhesives; coatings; etc.  Search this
Photographic equipment and supplies  Search this
Refrigeration and ice-making equipment  Search this
Road building machinery and equipment  Search this
Scientific and optical instruments  Search this
Shoe and Footware Machinery  Search this
Sporting goods  Search this
Textiles and textile machinery  Search this
Topic:
"Laboratories -- Furniture, equipment, etc."  Search this
Adhesives  Search this
Agricultural implements  Search this
Agricultural machinery  Search this
Armed Forces -- Equipment  Search this
Beverage industry  Search this
Biochemical engineering  Search this
Biotechnology  Search this
Brass  Search this
Bronze  Search this
Cameras  Search this
Chemicals  Search this
Cleaning compounds  Search this
Cleaning machinery and appliances  Search this
Construction equipment  Search this
Cosmetics  Search this
Dairying  Search this
Distilleries  Search this
Earthmoving machinery  Search this
Explosives industry  Search this
Farm equipment  Search this
Fireworks  Search this
Food industry and trade  Search this
Footwear industry  Search this
Furniture industry and trade  Search this
Garden ornaments and furniture  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_13778
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_13778

Food in the Garden 2014: The Chesapeake

Creator:
National Museum of American History  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2014-12-19T19:48:28.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
American History  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianAmHistory
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianAmHistory
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_fL697J6GxFI

Kjeldahl Digestion Rack

Maker:
Precision Scientific Company  Search this
Physical Description:
asbestos (overall material)
metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 54 cm x 5 cm; 21 1/4 in x 1 31/32 in
Object Name:
digestion rack
public health
Credit Line:
Gift of the City of New York Department of Health and Mental Hygiene
ID Number:
2017.0184.022.1
Catalog number:
2017.0184.022.1
Accession number:
2017.0184
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
The Antibody Initiative
Health & Medicine
Antibody Initiative: New York City Public Health Collections
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a5-5809-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_722499
Online Media:

Delegate

Published by:
MelPat Associates, American, 1965 - 1986  Search this
Created by:
C. Melvin Patrick, American, died 1985  Search this
Subject of:
Crispus Attucks, American, 1723 - 1770  Search this
Sojourner Truth, American, 1797 - 1883  Search this
Harriet Tubman, American, 1822 - 1913  Search this
Sarah C. Roberts, American, born 1844  Search this
Susan McKinney Steward, American, 1847 - 1918  Search this
Dred Scott, American, ca 1800 - 1858  Search this
Frederick Douglass, American, 1818 - 1895  Search this
Booker T. Washington, American, 1856 - 1915  Search this
George Washington Carver, American, 1860s - 1943  Search this
W.E.B. Du Bois, American, 1868 - 1963  Search this
Scott Joplin, American, 1867 - 1917  Search this
Marcus Garvey, Jamaican, 1887 - 1940  Search this
James Weldon Johnson, American, 1871 - 1938  Search this
Father Divine, American, ca. 1876 - 1965  Search this
A. Philip Randolph, American, 1889 - 1979  Search this
Adam Clayton Powell Jr., American, 1908 - 1972  Search this
Rosa Parks, American, 1913 - 2005  Search this
Medgar Evers, American, 1925 - 1963  Search this
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., American, 1929 - 1968  Search this
President Lyndon Baines Johnson, American, 1908 - 1973  Search this
Mary McLeod Bethune, American, 1875 - 1955  Search this
National Association of Black Social Workers, American, founded 1968  Search this
Congressional Black Caucus, American, founded 1971  Search this
Prince Hall Freemasonry, founded 1784  Search this
National Newspaper Publishers Association, American, founded 1827  Search this
Chi Delta Mu Fraternity, Inc., American, founded 1913  Search this
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, American, founded 1909  Search this
Lambda Kappa Mu Sorority, Inc., American, founded 1937  Search this
Shriners International, American, founded 1870  Search this
National Pan-Hellenic Council, American, founded 1930  Search this
National Dental Association, American, founded 1913  Search this
Improved Benevolent and Protective Order of the Elks of the World, American, founded 1898  Search this
Democratic Party, American, founded 1828  Search this
Republican Party, American, founded 1854  Search this
Chi Eta Phi Sorority, Inc., American, founded 1932  Search this
Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, American, founded 1920  Search this
National Association of Negro Business and Professional Women's Clubs, Inc., American, founded 1935  Search this
National United Church Ushers Association of America, Inc., American, founded 1919  Search this
Eta Phi Beta Sorority, Inc., American, founded 1943  Search this
Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc., American, founded 1906  Search this
National Urban League, American, founded 1910  Search this
Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority, Inc., founded 1922  Search this
National Medical Association, American, founded 1895  Search this
Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Inc., American, founded 1911  Search this
National Council of Negro Women, founded 1935  Search this
Daughters of Isis, American, founded 1910  Search this
Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, Inc., American, founded 1911  Search this
369th Veterans Association, American  Search this
Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, American, founded 1914  Search this
Langston Hughes, American, 1902 - 1967  Search this
Paul Robeson, American, 1898 - 1976  Search this
Ezzard Mack Charles, American, 1921 - 1975  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 10 13/16 × 8 7/16 × 3/8 in. (27.5 × 21.4 × 1 cm)
Type:
magazines (periodicals)
Place made:
Harlem, New York City, New York, United States, North and Central America
Date:
1976
Topic:
African American  Search this
Advertising  Search this
Associations and institutions  Search this
Black Press  Search this
Business  Search this
Communities  Search this
Fraternal organizations  Search this
Fraternities  Search this
Government  Search this
HBCUs (Historically Black Colleges and Universities)  Search this
Journalism  Search this
Labor  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Men  Search this
Political organizations  Search this
Politics  Search this
Professional organizations  Search this
Religion  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Sororities  Search this
U.S. History, 1969-2001  Search this
U.S. History, Colonial period, 1600-1775  Search this
United States History  Search this
Urban life  Search this
Women  Search this
Women's organizations  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Anne B. Patrick and the family of Hilda E. Stokely
Object number:
2012.167.10
Restrictions & Rights:
Public domain
Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Documents and Published Materials-Published Works
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5e57ffdd9-2ab1-46da-b6e7-10757007351f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2012.167.10
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View <I>Delegate</I> digital asset number 1

Research and Development: Protein Research - animal feeding experiments involving various ration mixing (The British Petroleum Co. Ltd.)

Collection Creator:
American Petroleum Institute.  Search this
Container:
Box 53, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1970
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: fees for commercial use.
Collection Citation:
American Petroleum Institute Photograph and Film Collection, 1860s-1990 (bulk 1955-1990), Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
American Petroleum Institute Photograph and Film Collection
American Petroleum Institute Photograph and Film Collection / Series 2: Modern Photographs, 1960s-1980s
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8edb94772-9aa2-40c1-8989-bccc0419d3a4
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0711-ref3172

Research and Development: Protein Research - baby chicks newly hatched from yeast-fed hens (the British Petroleum Co. Ltd.), 1978

Collection Creator:
American Petroleum Institute.  Search this
Container:
Box 53, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: fees for commercial use.
Collection Citation:
American Petroleum Institute Photograph and Film Collection, 1860s-1990 (bulk 1955-1990), Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
American Petroleum Institute Photograph and Film Collection
American Petroleum Institute Photograph and Film Collection / Series 2: Modern Photographs, 1960s-1980s
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8c0955cfd-155e-455a-a1b5-d8276805b373
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0711-ref3173

Research and Development: Protein Research - baby chicks receiving first yeast feed (A) (The British Petroleum Co. Ltd.), 1966

Collection Creator:
American Petroleum Institute.  Search this
Container:
Box 53, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: fees for commercial use.
Collection Citation:
American Petroleum Institute Photograph and Film Collection, 1860s-1990 (bulk 1955-1990), Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
American Petroleum Institute Photograph and Film Collection
American Petroleum Institute Photograph and Film Collection / Series 2: Modern Photographs, 1960s-1980s
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep834d3a9e9-10f5-41c2-98f0-279f8afaaf7e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0711-ref3174

Research and Development: Protein Research - baby chicks receiving their first yeast feed (B) (The British Petroleum Co. Ltd.), 1970

Collection Creator:
American Petroleum Institute.  Search this
Container:
Box 53, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: fees for commercial use.
Collection Citation:
American Petroleum Institute Photograph and Film Collection, 1860s-1990 (bulk 1955-1990), Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
American Petroleum Institute Photograph and Film Collection
American Petroleum Institute Photograph and Film Collection / Series 2: Modern Photographs, 1960s-1980s
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep81ecbcf0e-b450-4dbb-8456-dd9622d5e1a1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0711-ref3175

Research and Development: Protein Research - dried yeast research project (3 photos) (Chevron Corp.)

Collection Creator:
American Petroleum Institute.  Search this
Container:
Box 53, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: fees for commercial use.
Collection Citation:
American Petroleum Institute Photograph and Film Collection, 1860s-1990 (bulk 1955-1990), Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
American Petroleum Institute Photograph and Film Collection
American Petroleum Institute Photograph and Film Collection / Series 2: Modern Photographs, 1960s-1980s
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep833eb9ffb-8266-4a32-ab35-485548e5d672
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0711-ref3176

Research and Development: Protein Research - piglets taking their feed from yeast-fed gilt (The British Petroleum Co. Ltd.), 1978

Collection Creator:
American Petroleum Institute.  Search this
Container:
Box 53, Folder 9
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: fees for commercial use.
Collection Citation:
American Petroleum Institute Photograph and Film Collection, 1860s-1990 (bulk 1955-1990), Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
American Petroleum Institute Photograph and Film Collection
American Petroleum Institute Photograph and Film Collection / Series 2: Modern Photographs, 1960s-1980s
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8244a5b84-ed1b-49b7-be37-56fc039975fa
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0711-ref3177

Research and Development: Protein Research scientist at work on research project to manufacture protein from petroleum (Exxon Research and Engineering Co.)

Collection Creator:
American Petroleum Institute.  Search this
Container:
Box 53, Folder 10
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: fees for commercial use.
Collection Citation:
American Petroleum Institute Photograph and Film Collection, 1860s-1990 (bulk 1955-1990), Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
American Petroleum Institute Photograph and Film Collection
American Petroleum Institute Photograph and Film Collection / Series 2: Modern Photographs, 1960s-1980s
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8dc933d06-7bd9-40dc-8838-92d3b5edf6ab
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0711-ref3178

Research and Development: Protein Research - woman technician with microscope engaged in amino acid test relative to protein balance (Exxon Corp.)

Collection Creator:
American Petroleum Institute.  Search this
Container:
Box 53, Folder 11
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: fees for commercial use.
Collection Citation:
American Petroleum Institute Photograph and Film Collection, 1860s-1990 (bulk 1955-1990), Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
American Petroleum Institute Photograph and Film Collection
American Petroleum Institute Photograph and Film Collection / Series 2: Modern Photographs, 1960s-1980s
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep895db1c2f-4b9b-4169-900d-3cd04eae913f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0711-ref3179

H. Irving Crane Papers

Creator:
Crane, H. Irving  Search this
Extent:
5.5 Cubic feet (12 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1927-1950
bulk 1935-1945
Summary:
H. Irving Crane worked as a chemist for Atlantic Research Associates, Inc. (a division of National Dairy Corporation) from 1933-1940s on the production of several products utilizing casein, a protein found in milk. These products include Aralac (a synthetic fiber), Aracide (a fungicide and moth repellent), spray-dried milk, casein paints, and synthetic rubbers. The H. Irving Crane papers document Crane's work as a chemist at Atlantic Research Associates, Inc. and the development of Aralac and Aracide.
Scope and Contents:
The H. Irving Crane papers illuminate the development of casein products in the 1930s-1940s, particularly a fiber and fungicide. The collection is divided into two series:

Series 1, Atlantic Research Associates, Inc., 1927-1950, consists of material relating to Crane's research and experiments while a chemist at ARA. This series is divided into eight subseries:

Subseries 1, Aralac, 1938-1945, illuminates the development, testing, production, and uses of the casein fiber Aralac. Correspondence, memoranda, notes, and reports document the challenges associated with the initial production, dyeing, and adding of chemical washes to Aralac and the use of Aralac in manufacturing of cloth goods. Correspondence between ARA and customers documents the use of Aralac in carpet, military socks, lace, knitting yarn, and hats. Associated fiber samples from the dyeing process and material relating to the treatment of Aralac with Aracide are also included.

Subseries 2, Aracide, 1935-1945, consists of correspondence, memoranda, notes, and reports relating to the anti-fungal agent. Another ARA employee, Laura Adams, produced several reports on Aracide. Correspondence reflects its testing for use in carpets and an attempt to obtain a patent for the fungicide.

Subseries 3, Other products, 1937-1945, contains materials relating to all the products that Crane worked on, including a spray drying process for milk dehydration and casein paints. There is a small amount of documentation of Aralac and Aracide within this subseries.

Subseries 4, Laboratory notebooks, 1937-1945, documents Crane's daily activities on the projects he worked on. Arranged chronologically, test results, notes, graphs, and experimental procedures are recorded within these notebooks. There are significant gaps in the date range listed above.

Subseries 5, Correspondence, memoranda, and reports, 1937-1948, records activities and communication within ARA. Documents written by Crane relate to his work, but many other reports document projects that Crane was not directly involved with. Two letters from F. C. Atwood, the president of ARA, illuminate occurrences within ARA: the potential drafting of Crane into military service for World War II and the reorganization of the company into NARC.

Subseries 6, Reference materials, 1936-1948, is comprised of scientific resources that Crane utilized and created. He reviewed scientific literature, indexed and summarized chemical abstracts, and compiled bibliographies related to the fields of fiber production, casein usage, and anti-fungal agents.

Subseries 7, Photographs, 1937-1941, illustrates ARA company gatherings, staff, and facilities.

Subseries 8, Printed material, 1927-1950, contains advertisements, catalogs, pamphlets, and brochures for assorted chemicals and laboratory equipment that were available to industrial chemists at the time. ARA-produced products represented include Aralac and the paints Aratone, Aralux, and Casein Deep Colors. Additional periodicals and newsletters received by Crane are also included.

Series 2, Biographical Material, 1936-1947, documents Crane's educational background, insurance needs, banking, and time spent at work.

Fiber samples and oversize material have been separated from the collection for preservation concerns. Items separated are identified by folder.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into two series.

Series 1: Atlantic Research Associates, Inc., 1927-1950, undated

Subseries 1, Aralac, 1938-1945, undated

Subseries 2, Aracide, 1935-1945, undated

Subseries 3, Other products, 1937-1945, undated

Subseries 4, Laboratory notebooks, 1937-1945, undated

Subseries 5, Correspondence, memoranda, and reports, 1937-1948, undated

Subseries 6, Reference materials, 1936-1948, undated

Subseries 7, Photographs, 1937-1941, undated

Subseries 8, Printed materials, 1927-1950, undated

Series 2: Biographical Material, 1936-1947, undated
Biographical / Historical:
Horace Irving Crane (1912-1984) was born on May 12, 1912. In 1929, he enrolled at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) where he earned an undergraduate degree in Chemistry in 1933 and a Ph.D. in Chemistry in 1936.

In 1933, Crane began working at Atlantic Research Associates, Inc. (ARA) in Newtonville, Massachusetts as a chemist. ARA was a division of National Dairy Products Corporation, which was later absorbed by Kraft Foods. ARA specialized in the development of products from casein, a protein found in milk. ARA had manufactured casein-based paints since 1927 and continued to produce other casein products such as glues, plastics, films, and paper coatings. Most of these products were given a name beginning with the prefix "Ara-" taken from the company's name.

Crane and other chemists at ARA began research into the production of a casein fiber in 1937. Aralac was first manufactured at a plant in Bristol, Rhode Island. Patents were granted to the president of ARA, Francis Clarke Atwood, for Aralac ("Method of Making Proteinaceous Fibers" US Patent #2,342,994 and "Method of Treating Fibrous Material and Product Resulting Therefrom" US Patent #2,342,634). In 1941, production moved to a larger plant in Taftville, Connecticut. The production of the fiber was as follows:

First the pH value of the milk was lowered using acid. The protein reached its minimum solubility, and with swelling was precipitated out of the milk as curd. This curd was the raw material for the production of Aralac. The casein (curd) was collected in small creameries as well as large ones. One hundred pounds of milk produced 3.7 pounds of casein, which in turn produced 3.7 pounds of fiber. After the casein arrived at the plant, it was carefully blended with casein from other producers and dissolved in water with proper solvents. Adjustments were made to the viscosity in order to produce a uniform base and ensure the complete removal of foreign materials. The solution became syrup-like and was forced through a spinnerette into a coagulating bath and was carried away. It remained in tow form through a succession of hardening and molecular modifying treatments interspersed at times with washing and drying.

Aralac is in the Azlon class of fibers. Fibers in this class are made from regenerated, naturally-occurring proteins such as milk, corn, soybeans, and peanuts. It was hoped that Aralac would be considered a luxury fiber in direct competition with the best grades of wool. It was introduced just as the United States entered World War II; during the war, Aralac was blended with rayon and acetate for use in civilian dress fabric and in felted hats. It was tested for use in carpet, military socks, lace, and knitting yarn, but was not satisfactory. Due to its low strength and the difficulty in dyeing it, Aralac had a short life. Production of the fiber ended in 1948.

Crane also worked on Aracide, a moth and mildew repellant. Aracide was initially developed as a fungicide for casein paints in 1937, but was also used to prevent moths from infesting Aralac. ARA attempted to obtain a patent for Aracide, but was rejected due to similarities with another patented fungicide.

In addition to Aralac and Aracide, Crane worked on a spray drier to evaporate milk and other assorted ARA projects. In 1945, ARA was reorganized and consolidated into a larger company, National Atlantic Research Corporation.

Following his departure from ARA, Crane worked at Sylvania Electric Products, Clevite Transistor, Computer Controls Corporation, and Honeywell. In 1957, Crane received a patent for methods of treating Germanium in relation to semiconductors (US Patent #2,793,146) while at Sylvania Electric Products.

Crane married his ARA lab technician, Laura Soule, and they raised their children in Massachusetts. He retired in 1977 and died in Vermont on April 7, 1984.
Related Materials:
Materials at the National Museum of American History

The Division of Home and Community Life (now Division of Cultural and Community Life)holds artifacts including a suit made from Aralac (Accession #2006.0096A).
Separated Materials:
Material separated for preservation reasons:

Box 9, Folder 1, Casein fiber --dyeing, undated

Box 9, Folder 2, Aratex, Inc. --Bristol, Rhode Island plant, 1940, undated

Box 9, Folder 3, Aratex, Inc. --Bristol, Rhode Island plant and Aralac --customer contacts, 1941, undated

Box 9, Folder 4, Crane --Memoranda, reports, etc. and Reports --from H. I. Crane & others, 1940, undated

Box 9, Folder 5-6, Reports --from H. I. Crane and others, 1940-1941

Box 10, Folder 1, Oversize papers, 1944

Box 10, Folder 2-4, Reports --from H. I. Crane and others, 1941 and undated

Box 10, Folder 5, [Dyed fiber samples], undated

Box 11, Folder 1-4 , [Dyed fiber samples], undated

Box 12, Folder 1, [Loose fibers that detached from dyed fiber samples], undated

Box 12, Folder 2, [Aralac/rayon blend fabric samples], undated

Box 12, Folder 3-5, [Dyed fiber samples], undated
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Irving Crane's son, Andrew Crane, in 2007.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Chemists  Search this
Chemistry  Search this
Chemical abstracts -- Outlines, syllabi, etc.  Search this
Casein  Search this
Wool, Artificial  Search this
Textile fibers, Synthetic  Search this
Textile fibers, Synthetic -- Equipment and supplies  Search this
Textile fibers, Synthetic -- Laboratory manuals  Search this
Textile fibers, Synthetic -- Testing  Search this
Fungicides -- Testing  Search this
Spray drying  Search this
Synthetic fabrics  Search this
Synthetic fibers industry  Search this
Textile fibers, Synthetic Dyeing  Search this
Citation:
H. Irving Crane Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1119
See more items in:
H. Irving Crane Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep858638007-f321-4fbe-ac83-4a4ca9b829c1
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1119
Online Media:

Velberta Afro-Food with Hormones Conditioner

Maker:
Hair Research Laboratories  Search this
Physical Description:
plastic (jar material)
estrogenic hormones; vitamins; proteins from cholesterol; soybean oil; castor oil; sesame oil; lanolin anhydrous, USP; SG6 (product ingredients)
Measurements:
overall: 2 5/8 in x 2 1/8 in; 6.6675 cm x 5.3975 cm
Object Name:
Hair Dressing
biological
hair dressing
hair care product
Object Type:
Cosmetics
Place made:
United States: Alabama, Selma
Associated place:
United States: Louisiana, Saint Martinville
Date made:
ca 1970
Subject:
Hair Care Products  Search this
African American  Search this
Credit Line:
The Fournet Drugstore Collection
ID Number:
1985.0475.489
Catalog number:
1985.0475.489
Accession number:
1985.0475
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Pharmacy
Health & Medicine
American Enterprise
Beauty and Health
Beauty and Hygiene Products: Hair Care and Enhancement
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a0-dd27-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_209541
Online Media:

The future of the 20th century collecting, interpreting and conserving modern materials : postprints AHRC Research Centre for Textile Conservation and Textile Studies, second annual conference 26-28 July 2005 ; edited by Cordelia Rogerson and Paul Garside

Title:
Future of the twentieth century collecting, interpreting and conserving modern materials
AHRC Research Centre for Textile Conservation and Textile Studies: second annual conference 26-28 July 2005
Postprints
Author:
AHRC Research Centre for Textile Conservation and Textile Studies Conference (2nd : 2005)  Search this
Contributor:
Rogerson, Cordelia  Search this
Garside, Paul  Search this
Physical description:
vii, 143 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates illustrations (some color) 30 cm
Type:
Congresses
Congrès
Conference papers and proceedings
Date:
2006
Topic:
Textile fabrics--Conservation and restoration  Search this
Textiles et tissus--Conservation et restauration  Search this
Fibras  Search this
Arte têxtil (congressos)  Search this
Textiles et tissus--Recherche--Congrès  Search this
Textiles et tissus--Conservation et restauration--Congrès  Search this
Textilkonservering  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_797573

Body composition in animals and man : proceedings of a symposium held May 4, 5, and 6, 1967, at the University of Missouri, Columbia / Agricultural Board, Division of Biology and Agriculture, National Research Council

Author:
National Research Council (U.S.) Agricultural Board Division of Biology and Agriculture  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 521 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Type:
Congresses
Congrès
Congress
Actes de congrès
Conference papers and proceedings
Date:
1968
Topic:
Body composition  Search this
Body Composition--congresses  Search this
Composition corporelle  Search this
Call number:
QP521 .B59X
QP521.B59X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_324

CRIM-CVDA Assembly, Protein Crystal Growth Experiment Apparatus, Shuttle

Manufacturer:
University of Alabama at Birmingham, Center for Biophysical Sciences and Engineering  Search this
Materials:
steel, aluminum, plastic, foil, electronics, foam, velcro
Dimensions:
3-D: 50.8 x 45.7 x 26.7cm (20 x 18 x 10 1/2 in.)
Type:
EQUIPMENT-Scientific Devices
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Gift of the University of Alabama at Birmingham, Center for Biological Sciences and Engineering
Inventory Number:
A20120271000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9e6dcb0e7-746b-45a8-9cbc-2f4f6d05e7bf
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A20120271000
Online Media:

TES-COS Unit, Protein Crystal Growth Experiment Apparatus, Shuttle

Manufacturer:
University of Alabama at Birmingham, Center for Biophysical Sciences and Engineering  Search this
Materials:
Aluminum Alloys
Non-Magnetic White Metals
Copper Alloy
Ferrous Alloy
Glass
Plastics
Adhesive
Velcro
Paper
Inks
Dimensions:
3-D: 45.7 × 53.3 × 55.9cm (1 ft. 6 in. × 1 ft. 9 in. × 1 ft. 10 in.)
Type:
EQUIPMENT-Scientific Devices
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Credit Line:
Gift of the University of Alabama at Birmingham, Center for Biological Sciences and Engineering
Inventory Number:
A20120272000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv986f5e964-9ec4-493a-beb5-669f6b97131f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A20120272000
Online Media:

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