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A. Scott Crossfield Papers

Creator:
Crossfield, A. Scott (Albert Scott), 1921-  Search this
Names:
Eastern Air Lines  Search this
National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA)  Search this
North American Aviation, Inc.  Search this
Extent:
20.23 Cubic feet (42 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Audiotapes
Correspondence
Manuscripts
Date:
1940 - 2004
Summary:
This collection consists of over nine cubic feet of material documenting Scott Crossfield's aviation career, with emphasis on his involvement with the North American X-15. The following types of material are included: correspondence; reel to reel tapes; papers, manuscripts; newspaper and magazine clippings; aviation manuals; photographs; film; and Crossfield's notes and reports.
Scope and Content note:
This collection encompasses the entirety of Albert Scott "Scotty" Crossfield, Jr.'s career as an engineer, test pilot, airline executive, and speaker and advocate for aerospace education. Records in the collection date from Crossfield's time at college in the 1940s through his death in 2006. Crossfield's papers were donated to the National Air and Space Museum (NASM) Archives by the Crossfield family in 2006 and a second batch of material was received in 2008. The collection was received without any apparent organizational scheme, but some items were received in labeled folders and these folder titles were retained when the collection was processed. One group of material was loaned by the family for copying and these items were photocopied and placed within the appropriate folder in the case of documents, or were scanned and entered into the National Air and Space Museum (NASM) Archives image database in the case of photographs.

After his retirement from North American Aviation, Inc., Crossfield gave his papers to a former secretary, Marion Brown, so that she could organize them for his use in future writing projects. In February 1973, a U.S. Navy Vought A-7E Corsair II crashed into the apartment building where Brown lived and all of Crossfield's papers in her possession were destroyed. Due to this incident, the collection has more material from Crossfield's time with Eastern Air Lines and onwards, although the prior years are still well represented through records that were either retained in Crossfield's possession or copies that were gathered after the fact. There is correspondence from Crossfield relating to the crash in Box 11 of the collection.

The archival materials in this collection are organized into four series. The first series is composed of personal materials and includes school records, correspondence, personal photographs, records relating to various organizations in which Crossfield was active, information relating to the publication of Crossfield's autobiography, Always Another Dawn, other writings by Crossfield, financial records, subject files assembled by Crossfield, philatelic materials (Crossfield was an active collector and was a founding member and officer of The Aviation Historical Foundation, a philatelic organization), and news clippings. The material in this series is largely organized chronologically. Personal photographs and subject files are organized by topic first and chronologically within each folder and organizations are arranged alphabetically by name first and also chronologically within the individual folders.

The second series contains items relating to Crossfield's professional life, organized chronologically by place of employment. This series includes materials relating to Crossfield's work at Boeing, the U.S. Navy, the Kirsten Wind Tunnel at the University of Washington Aeronautical Laboratory, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), North American Aviation, Inc., Eastern Air Lines, Hawker Siddeley Aviation, Crossfield's work as an Independent Technical Advisor, Crossfield's application for the position of Director of the National Air and Space Museum, Crossfield's time as a member of the United States Organizing Committee, and his work with organizations such as the Scott Crossfield Foundation and The Wright Experience. During the later part of his life, Crossfield toured the country extensively giving speeches, presenting awards, etc. and there is a large amount of material relating to these appearances in this part of the collection. These materials arrived already organized chronologically by individual trip and this organizational scheme was retained. Specifically, the professional life series includes flight reports, manuals, drawings, business correspondence, administrative records, presentations and papers, travel itineraries, notebooks, calendars, speeches delivered by Crossfield, and career related photographs (which are broken out as their own subseries). The professional life series also includes a section of miscellaneous professional items including job seeking correspondence, information on the patent for a power wheel braking or driving unit designed by Crossfield, and a folder of Crossfield's résumés.

The third series consists of audiotapes and is organized first by tape format and then chronologically within each category. Subjects of the audiotapes include speeches, a large number of North American X-15 cockpit recordings and radio communications, tape produced for a television program, and autobiographical notes. A number of the audiotapes include no description. With a total of 65 examples in this series, the most common audiotape format in the collection is, by far, 7 inch reel to reel tapes. Other formats in this series include 5 inch reel to reel tapes, 3.125 by 3.5 inch metal audiotape cartridges, and Dictaphone recording belts. Please note that these audio recordings are unavailable to the researcher at the time of processing due to the format and fragility of the tapes.

The fourth series of this collection is comprised of oversized materials and additional materials including galley proofs, news clippings, drawings, charts, professional records, and photographs. The organization of this series mirrors the folder titles found in the rest of the collection.

The researcher should note that the collection also contains several motion picture films relating to the life and career of Albert Scott "Scotty" Crossfield, Jr. These films are not included in the container list but a NASM Archives staff person can assist you regarding access.
Arrangement:
The A. Scott Crossfield Papers are organized into the following series and subseries:

Series I: Personal Materials

1.1 School Records

1.2 Correspondence

1.3 Personal Photographs

1.4 Organizations

1.5 Information Related to the Publication of Always Another Dawn

1.6 Other Writings by Crossfield

1.7 Financial Records

1.8 Subject Files

1.9 Philatelic Materials

1.10 News Clippings

1.11 Miscellaneous Personal Records

Series II: Professional Life

2.1 Boeing

2.2 U.S. Navy

2.3 Kirsten Wind Tunnel, University of Washington Aeronautical Laboratory

2.4 National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA)

2.5 North American Aviation, Inc.

2.6 Eastern Air Lines

2.7 Hawker Siddeley Aviation

2.8 Independent Technical Advisor

2.9 Application for NASM Director Position

2.10 United States Organizing Committee

2.11 Scott Crossfield Foundation

2.12 The Wright Experience

2.13 Speaking Engagements and Professional Appearances

2.14 Career Related Photographs

2.14 Miscellaneous Professional Records

Series III: Audiotapes

Series IV: Oversized Materials
Biographical/Historical note:
Albert Scott "Scotty" Crossfield, Jr. was born on October 2, 1921, in California. As a young boy, Crossfield was often confined indoors due to health problems related to pneumonia and rheumatic fever. During this time, he dreamed of becoming a pilot and designed and constructed model airplanes. Crossfield took his first airplane ride in 1927, at six years old, in an Alexander Eaglerock A-1 piloted by family friend Charles "Carl" Lienesch. Lienesch also encouraged Crossfield to become an engineer as well as a pilot. Unbeknownst to Crossfield's parents, he began taking flying lessons at the age of 12 at Wilmington Airport under the tutelage of pilot Vaughn McNulty. The family later moved to Washington State and it was there, at the Chehalis Airport, that Crossfield made his first solo flight in a Curtiss Robin. It was not until the summer of 1941, however, that Crossfield officially soloed and earned his pilot's license under the Civil Aeronautics Authority (CAA), Civilian Pilot Training Program (CPTP).

Crossfield enrolled in the University of Washington in 1940 and worked at the Boeing plant in Seattle, beginning in the fall of 1941, while still pursuing his studies. Crossfield's first assignment at Boeing was as an assembly page clerk. He was later promoted to the position of production expediter and shop salvage engineer. After the bombing of Pearl Harbor in December 1941, Crossfield enlisted in the U.S. Army Air Corps and continued to work at Boeing while he waited for an opening in a cadet class. In February 1942, tired of waiting on the Air Corps and eager to get into combat, Crossfield enlisted in the U.S. Navy instead where he joined the cadet class of May 7, 1942. Crossfield first trained in Seattle, Washington, and later was sent to the Naval Air Training Center in Corpus Christi, Texas, where he earned his Naval Aviator's wings in 1942. During his time in the Navy, Crossfield never fulfilled his ambition to see combat because he was selected instead to remain at Corpus Christi as a flight and gunnery instructor. Crossfield eventually was sent to Hawaii to prepare and train for an invasion of Japan but the war ended before this became necessary. During his time in the U.S. Navy, Crossfield flew the Grumman F6F Hellcat, Vought F4U Corsair, and the North American SNJ Texan, among other aircraft. After he separated from active duty with the Service, Crossfield remained active in the Naval Reserves and was part of an aerobatic team at Sand Point Naval Air Station that flew Goodyear FG-1D Corsairs.

Crossfield returned to his studies at the University of Washington in 1946 and was employed doing tests at the Kirsten Wind Tunnel at the University's Aeronautical Laboratory. Crossfield earned his Bachelor of Science degree in aeronautical engineering in 1949 and his master's degree in aeronautical science in 1950. After obtaining his degrees, Crossfield joined the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) as a research pilot. During his time with NACA, Crossfield flew many aircraft including the Convair XF-92A, Bell X-1, Northrop X-4 Bantam, Douglas D-558-1 Skystreak, Bell X-5, Republic F-84F Thunderstreak, Convair F-102 Delta Dagger, North American F-86 Sabre, and the North American F-100A Super Sabre. Crossfield made history in the Douglas D-558-2 Skyrocket on November 20, 1953, as the first pilot to exceed Mach 2 (twice the speed of sound).

In 1955, Crossfield left NACA and joined North American Aviation, Inc. to work on the X-15 program where he would not only serve as the X-15 Project Pilot but also as a Design Specialist, a role in which he was an integral part of the design of both the aircraft and the pressure suit developed by the David Clark Company for the X-15 program. The suit served as a prototype for the spacesuits later worn by astronauts. Crossfield helped to develop the X-15's cockpit, control, and engine systems; structural design; propulsion system; engineered its escape system; and contributed to its handling quality requirements. He also developed the ground control test methodology that would later become standard on the Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo space programs. Crossfield piloted the North American X-15 on its first captive flight in March 1959, first glide flight in June 1959, and the first powered flight in September 1959, as well as numerous other test flights, before the X-15 was delivered to the U.S. Air Force (USAF) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in February 1960. Crossfield also served as Chief Engineering Test Pilot at North American from 1955-1961 before moving to the Space and Information Systems Division first as the Director of Systems Test (1961) then as the Division Director of Test and Quality Assurance (1961-1966) where he was responsible for quality control in all North American projects including the Hounddog Missile (AGM-28, GAM-77), Paragliders for the Gemini program, Apollo Command and Service Module, and the Saturn V launch vehicles, second stage. Crossfield's final position with North American was as the Technical Director, Research, Engineering and Test from 1966-1967.

Crossfield joined Eastern Air Lines in Miami, Florida, as Division Vice President, Flight, Research, and Development, Flight Operations in 1967, a position he held until 1971 when he moved to Washington, DC, to serve as Staff Vice President, Transportation Systems Development (1971-1973). From 1974 to 1975, Crossfield served as Senior Vice President at Hawker Siddeley Aviation's U.S. subsidiary branch, an office he helped to establish. After leaving Hawker Siddeley, Crossfield served for many years as an independent technical advisor to the U.S. Congress. Crossfield also served on the United States Organizing Committee to plan the Air and Space Bicentennial. In the later part of his life, Crossfield traveled extensively to give talks, attend events, and make various professional appearances and it was on a return flight home from one such trip in 2006 that Crossfield was killed when the plane he was piloting was caught in a thunderstorm.

Crossfield was active in various organizations including the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), the National Aeronautic Association (NAA), and the Society of Experimental Test Pilots (SETP), a group in which he was a founding member. Crossfield also created the Scott Crossfield Foundation to support aerospace education. Crossfield was the recipient of numerous awards and honors including the Sperry (Lawrence B.) Memorial Award (1954) and Chanute (Octave) Award (AIAA, 1958), Kincheloe Award (SETP, 1960), Harmon Trophy (1960), Collier (Robert J.) Trophy (1961), NASA Distinguished Service Medal (1993), and the National Air and Space Museum (NASM) Trophy for Lifetime Achievement (2000).

Crossfield published his autobiography, Always Another Dawn, in 1960 with Clay Blair, Jr. and is the author of numerous other publications, articles, and technical papers.
Provenance:
Alice Crossfield, Gift, 2006
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
North American X-15  Search this
Air pilots  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics -- Records  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Audiotapes
Correspondence
Manuscripts
Citation:
A. Scott Crossfield Papers, Accession number 2006-0041, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
A. Scott Crossfield Papers, Acc. 2006-0041, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2006.0041
See more items in:
A. Scott Crossfield Papers
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg28d41031c-4569-4e2e-b114-8a32f81be51e
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2006-0041
Online Media:

Physicists Try to Make Star Trek's Warp Drive a Reality

Creator:
Smithsonian Channel  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2014-01-13T15:31:26.000Z
YouTube Category:
Entertainment  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianchannel
Data Source:
Smithsonian Channel
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianchannel
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_GiljOzzjNKI

This Devastating Patrol Boat Suffers From a Soft Underbelly 🚤 Combat Ships | Smithsonian Channel

Creator:
Smithsonian Channel  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2022-12-30T17:00:16.000Z
YouTube Category:
Entertainment  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianchannel
Data Source:
Smithsonian Channel
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianchannel
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_Ssa3nLihkL4

Maybach Engine Carburetor

Manufacturer:
Maybach Motorenbau G.m.b.H. (Friedrichshafen a/Bodensee, Germany)  Search this
Materials:
Aluminum, Brass
Dimensions:
Overall: 12 1/2 x 6 3/4 x 12in. (31.8 x 17.1 x 30.5cm)
Type:
PROPULSION-Accessories (to an Engine)
Country of Origin:
Germany
Credit Line:
Found in Collection. Donor Unknown at this Time. Found on NASM Premises.
Inventory Number:
A19990272000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv945ee01f3-01d0-43e7-b222-9dc41074c3db
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19990272000

Thrust Chamber, Rocket Engine, Liquid Fuel, F-1 (Recovered)

Manufacturer:
Rocketdyne Div., North American Rockwell  Search this
Materials:
Iron alloy, nickel, electrical wiring, plastic
Dimensions:
3-D: 142.2 × 223.5 × 147.3cm (4 ft. 8 in. × 7 ft. 4 in. × 4 ft. 10 in.)
3-D (With stand): 1197.5kg (2640lb.)
Overall (Object Height on Display Stand): 160cm (5 ft. 3 in.)
Type:
PROPULSION-Components (Engine Parts)
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Date:
1969
Credit Line:
Transferred from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Inventory Number:
A20160016000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
National Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC
Exhibition:
Destination Moon
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9c8ee0bf0-4472-4c66-93cb-eeae3442cfb3
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A20160016000
Online Media:

LOX Dome, Rocket Engine, Liquid Fuel, F-1 (Recovered)

Manufacturer:
Rocketdyne Div., North American Rockwell  Search this
Materials:
Iron alloy, copper alloy,aluminum alloy, nickel plating, Refrasil silica cloth
Dimensions:
3-D: 162.6 × 48.3 × 111.8cm (5 ft. 4 in. × 1 ft. 7 in. × 3 ft. 8 in.)
3-D: 818.3kg (1804lb.)
Support (Includes Height on Stand): 66 × 148.2 × 162.6cm (2 ft. 2 in. × 4 ft. 10 5/16 in. × 5 ft. 4 in.)
Type:
PROPULSION-Components (Engine Parts)
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Date:
1969
Credit Line:
Transferred from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
Inventory Number:
A20160017000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
National Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC
Exhibition:
Destination Moon
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv988246fb1-c00c-4bc2-a8ab-2adfc66ebb51
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A20160017000
Online Media:

Injector Plate, Rocket Engine, Liquid Fuel, F-1 (Recovered)

Manufacturer:
Rocketdyne Div., North American Rockwell  Search this
Materials:
CRES Steel, copper, undentified metals, Teflon, Inconel
Dimensions:
Approximate: 19 × 134.6cm, 544.3kg (7 1/2 in. × 4 ft. 5 in., 1200lb.)
Support: 50.8 × 146 × 134.6cm, 574.3kg (1 ft. 8 in. × 4 ft. 9 1/2 in. × 4 ft. 5 in., 1266lb.)
Type:
PROPULSION-Components (Engine Parts)
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Date:
1969
Credit Line:
Transferred from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Inventory Number:
A20160018000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
National Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC
Exhibition:
Destination Moon
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv9391e815d-ae6c-4f07-b3a1-68a9bcf0f431
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A20160018000
Online Media:

Turbopump, Rocket Engine, Liquid Fuel, F-1 (Recovered)

Manufacturer:
Rocketdyne Div., North American Rockwell  Search this
Materials:
Iron alloy, copper alloy, aluminum alloy, plastic, electrical wiring, polymer
Dimensions:
3-D: 137.2 × 114.3 × 142.2cm (4 ft. 6 in. × 3 ft. 9 in. × 4 ft. 8 in.)
3-D: 737.1kg (1625lb.)
3-D (With Height on Display Stand): 137.2 × 114.3 × 165.1cm, 816.5kg (4 ft. 6 in. × 3 ft. 9 in. × 5 ft. 5 in., 1800lb.)
Type:
PROPULSION-Propeller Parts
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Date:
1969
Credit Line:
Transferred from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
Inventory Number:
A20160021000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
National Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC
Exhibition:
Destination Moon
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv91b7f763c-e1b5-44e9-99a5-b35ce065a3b7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A20160021000
Online Media:

Pair of football cleats signed by Colin Kaepernick

Created by:
Nike Inc., American, founded 1971  Search this
Worn by:
Colin Rand Kaepernick, American, born 1987  Search this
Signed by:
Colin Rand Kaepernick, American, born 1987  Search this
Medium:
rubber and synthetic fiber
Dimensions:
H x W x D (a, left shoe): 6 × 4 × 12 1/2 in. (15.2 × 10.2 × 31.8 cm)
H x W x D (b, right shoe): 6 × 4 × 12 1/2 in. (15.2 × 10.2 × 31.8 cm)
Type:
athletic shoes
Place depicted:
San Francisco, California, United States, North and Central America
Date:
ca. 2014
Topic:
African American  Search this
Athletes  Search this
Football  Search this
Sports  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Dr. Harry Edwards
Object number:
2017.10.2ab
Restrictions & Rights:
No Known Copyright Restrictions
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Clothing-Historical
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5e70a8728-bed1-4a4d-bbd9-dd883e52e0b7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2017.10.2ab
Online Media:

Pratt & Whitney J57-P-29W Turbojet Engine, Cutaway

Designer:
George Willgoos  Search this
Perry W. Pratt  Search this
Manufacturer:
Pratt & Whitney  Search this
Materials:
Metal, plastic
Dimensions:
Length 400.1 cm (157.5 in.), Diameter 102.9 cm (40.5 in.)
Type:
PROPULSION-Turbines (Jet)
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Date:
Circa 1950-1965
Credit Line:
Gift of Pratt & Whitney Aircraft, Division of United Technologies Corporation
Inventory Number:
A19810155000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv90817bf10-6f76-40d1-abc6-c0af7b3c8a6d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19810155000
Online Media:

Electrical Box, Pratt & Whitney J57-P-29W Turbojet Engine, Cutaway

Designer:
George Willgoos  Search this
Perry W. Pratt  Search this
Manufacturer:
Pratt & Whitney  Search this
Materials:
Metal, plastic
Dimensions:
3-D (Not including cord): 26.7 × 26.4 × 10.8cm (10 1/2 × 10 3/8 × 4 1/4 in.)
Type:
PROPULSION-Turbines (Jet)
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Date:
Circa 1950-1965
Credit Line:
Gift of Pratt & Whitney Aircraft, Division of United Technologies Corporation
Inventory Number:
A19810155001
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv97bbad28f-291d-4d24-9449-43225f58c4b6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19810155001

Rocket, Solid-Fuel, Jet-Assisted Take-Off (JATO), RI 502

Manufacturer:
Rheinmetall-Borsig  Search this
Materials:
Steel
Dimensions:
Overall: 6 1/2 in. wide x 4 ft. 2 in. deep (16.5 x 127cm)
Type:
PROPULSION-Rocket Engines
Country of Origin:
Germany
Credit Line:
Transferred from the U.S. Air Force
Inventory Number:
A19602003000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA
Exhibit Station:
Rockets & Missiles
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv975dae53b-df19-4f58-9f96-48623028f8aa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19602003000
Online Media:

North American X-15 Flight Record

Creator:
United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration  Search this
Reaction Motors, Inc.  Search this
Names:
North American Aviation, Inc.  Search this
United States. Air Force  Search this
Dryden, Hugh L. (Hugh Latimer), Dr., 1898-1965  Search this
Extent:
0.05 Cubic feet (1 folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1964
Summary:
This collection consists of two items relating to the X-15 Flight Test Program: a 24-page booklet, X-15 Flight Record with Thiokol Liquid Rocket Engines, prepared by the Thiokol Chemical Corporation, Reaction Motors Division, from flight data compiled by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) (Third Printing, January 1964); and an event program for the X-15 Flight Test Program Awards Ceremony held at the NASA Flight Research Center at Edwards Air Force Base, California, on February 24, 1964.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of two items, a 7 x 5 inch booklet and an 8 x 5 inch event program. The 24-page booklet, X-15 Flight Record with Thiokol Liquid Rocket Engines, "prepared by the Thiokol Chemical Corporation, Reaction Motors Division, from flight data compiled by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration" (Third Printing, January 1964, publication number PL 1-64) is designed as a souvenir of the X-15 flight test program. The illustrated booklet contains a brief history of the X-15 program and the three X-15 vehicles built by North American Aviation, Inc. using Thiokol reusable liquid rocket engines; a list of X-15 test pilots; brief information about the Thiokol XLR11 and YLR99 engines; and a chronological list of flight record entries beginning with the first flight on June 8, 1959. Each flight record entry (designed to appear handwritten) lists the date, pilot, speed and altitude reached, and remarks. Flights 1 through 98 (January 8, 1964) are pre-printed, with blank spaces provided "to help you log future successes" (space is provided to record information on 148 flights total). The program is for the X-15 Flight Test Program Awards Ceremony held at the NASA Flight Research Center at Edwards Air Force Base, California, on February 24, 1964. This event included the presentation of a NASA Group Achievement Award to the X-15 Flight Test Program team as well as the presentation of individual awards. Featured speakers included Hugh L. Dryden (Deputy Administrator, NASA), Paul F. Bikle (Director, NASA Flight Research Center), and Brigadier General Irving L. Branch (US Air Force, Commander, Air Force Flight Test Center).
Arrangement:
Items are arranged in chronological order.
Biographical / Historical:
First flown in 1959, the North American X-15 hypersonic research aircraft bridged the gap between human flight in the atmosphere and spaceflight. Three airframes were built by North American Aviation, Inc. for the X-15 program (serial numbers 56-6670, 56-6671, and 56-6672) each using liquid rocket engines built by the Reaction Motors Division of the Thiokol Chemical Corporation. Based at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Flight Research Test Center at Edwards Air Force Base, California, the X-15 was the first winged aircraft to fly Mach 4, 5, and 6 and to operate at altitudes above 30,500 m (100,000 ft). Eight of the twelve test pilots received astronaut wings for X-15 high-altitude flights.
Provenance:
Unknown, found in collection, 1992, NASM.1992.0020.0076.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Propulsion systems  Search this
Research aircraft  Search this
Supersonic planes  Search this
North American X-15  Search this
Citation:
North American X-15 Flight Record, Acc. NASM.1992.0020.0076, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.1992.0020.0076
See more items in:
North American X-15 Flight Record
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg22a266697-564c-41a8-a043-913cadc5d854
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-1992-0020-0076
Online Media:

Propulsion Systems

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Propulsion
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Propulsion / Series B2: Propulsion: Engines, General
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2087a5fdd-06d9-40fe-bb47-16295e7181ac
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-b-ref12411

Propulsion Systems [Documents]

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1183.B, File B2-740060-01
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Propulsion
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Propulsion / Series B2: Propulsion: Engines, General / Propulsion Systems
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg213543ba6-a37f-4f99-87c7-2c58f4984c3c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-b-ref12412

Aerojet Colloidal Propulsion System [Documents]

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1183.B, File B7-020160-01
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Propulsion
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Propulsion / Series B7: Propulsion: Space Propulsion, by Manufacturer / Aerojet
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg237f2dfed-6187-4fcb-abf2-2b07cdc9245a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-b-ref18746

Aerojet Near (Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous) Propulsion System [Documents]

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1183.B, File B7-020489-01
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Propulsion
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Propulsion / Series B7: Propulsion: Space Propulsion, by Manufacturer / Aerojet
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg25aa79e10-7d0f-442f-8796-ecf3aa55c43e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-b-ref18827

General Dynamics Asps (Adaptable Space Propulsion System) [Documents]

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1183.B, File B7-220050-01
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Propulsion
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Propulsion / Series B7: Propulsion: Space Propulsion, by Manufacturer / General Dynamics
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2dca4bc10-6667-4ffb-b3c8-02a1eae16639
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-b-ref19181

Hamilton Standard Hydrazine Propulsion Systems

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Propulsion
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Propulsion / Series B7: Propulsion: Space Propulsion, by Manufacturer
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2c2381f11-c18a-48fb-ab9d-6677c27d782a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-b-ref19240

Hamilton Standard Hydrazine Propulsion Systems [Documents]

Collection Creator:
National Air and Space Museum. Archives Division.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
The majority of the Archives Department's public reference requests can be answered using material in these files, which may be accessed through the Reading Room at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. More specific information can be requested by contacting the Archives Research Request.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.1183.B, File B7-260010-01
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Propulsion
National Air and Space Museum Technical Reference Files: Propulsion / Series B7: Propulsion: Space Propulsion, by Manufacturer / Hamilton Standard Hydrazine Propulsion Systems
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2e606ec4c-06ec-4b97-b6be-e49621c68ef1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-1183-b-ref19241

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