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Princeton -- Stony Wood Garden

Former owner:
Weeder, Erica  Search this
Fillo, Elizabeth  Search this
Coucill, Chris  Search this
Garden designer:
McCoy, Richard A.  Search this
Stone mason:
McCoy, Richard A.  Search this
Provenance:
Garden Club of Princeton  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Stony Wood Garden (Princeton, New Jersey)
United States of America -- New Jersey -- Mercer -- Princeton
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets.
General:
The woodland gardens were created out of three and one-half acres of woods and rocks and nurtured constantly for about thirteen years. With many years of previous experience gardening a sunny seven and one-half acre estate the owner had to learn gardening in the shade, specifically which shrubs and trees would survive as understory. Since it backed up to 125 acres of preserved woods the first undertaking was to have the entire property enclosed by an eight-foot tall deer fence. Next paths were laid out, rocks and stones were excavated, and terraced beds were designed and filled with topsoil. At first the stones were dumped in piles along the walkways but eventually were used to build walls or line those paths. Thirteen dogwoods were planted along a new macadam driveway with mixed success; the owner found that kousa dogwoods were more successful but still was able to cultivate specimen trees. Various ground cover plants were tried out, including ajuga, vinca, epimedium, sweet woodruff, wild ginger and pachysandra, and whatever succeeded was divided and used to fill in other locations. Tens of thousands of daffodils, scillas and mertensia were planted. Mosses and ferns, brunneras and many varieties of hostas grew very well in this woodlands garden. On the sunnier south side of the house there was an herb garden and there were pots and trellises of summer flowers, usually in shades of pink, purple, blue and white on the deck and along the walk.
The entire property was gardened organically and all the organic material that came out of the garden was composted and put back in; trees that fell or died were turned into mulch for the numerous paths. Deer still came in from the driveway and some years voles and rabbits devoured plantings that were in their prime. With so many trees the property suffered considerable damage from winter storms and Hurricane Sandy - but when trees fell a sunny spot might open up for different plants. When plantings lost their looks - too many brown leaves or too straggly - they were replaced. Varieties of trees and shrubs with yellow or variegated leaves were sought after to lighten the shade. Climbing hydrangeas and clematis succeeded in disguising the fences. Old Christmas trees and damaged trees and shrubs were grouped together in a bed known as Tapestry Row that would have varying shades of green when the plants filled out.
The owner noted that gardens are not for having but for doing. Garden work would start at the highest elevation, the entrance to the driveway, proceed downhill to the bottom of the garden then start at the top all over again. There were twenty different garden beds on the property that were planted, tended and replanted whenever that became necessary.
Persons associated with the garden include Erica Weeder (former owner, 1980-2000); Elizabeth Fillo and Chris Coucill (former owners, 2000-2014); William K. Doerler (garden designer, 1999-2001); Richard A. McCoy (garden designer and stone mason, 2001-2014).
Related Materials:
Stony Wood Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (24 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- New Jersey -- Princeton  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File NJ670
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / New Jersey
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6b5210fbb-02d6-487b-941b-1f8a2d9e5585
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref20204

New York -- The Jones' Wood Garden

Architect:
Hewitt, Edwin S.  Search this
Former owner:
Burlingham, Charles C. (Charles Culp), 1858-1959  Search this
Bell, Gordon Knox  Search this
Gerry, Elbridge T.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
The Jones' Wood Garden (New York, New York)
United States of America -- New York -- New York
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a work sheet, articles, a narrative history, a planting plan and a features plan.
General:
A common garden, 100 feet north to south and 120 feet east to west, it is bordered by six houses on each of two streets on the Upper East Side. The name refers to an area once owned by the family of Edith "Jones" Wharton, who acquired the land in 1790. Architect Edwin S. Hewitt bought the developed twelve brownstones in 1919. He removed the walls and fences separating the backyards to create a single common area to be shared by all the owners, called the "Gerry Gardens" for a previous owner. Hewitt unified the architecture of the houses by installing planting beds, pathways, fountains, and pools, and set up the covenants to allow no structural additions. The garden is one of the few protected open green spaces left in the midst of high rises and a dense population. The trees, including an America elm, form an umbrella over formal beds of taxus, ilex, hostas and ivy. An upper terrace includes a large fountain with sculptured figure in the center. The lower terrace contains a pool and mask wall fountain. The surrounding area--once a large reflecting pool--was bricked over. Few changes have been made to the property since the first design.
Persons and firms associated with the garden include: Robert and Louise Matilda Livingston (builders of twelve houses, late 1850s-1869); Edwin S. Hewitt (architect, 1919); Kennett Lynch & Sons (statuary and fountain figure, 1960s and 1997); Frances D. Dewey (head gardener, 1980-2000); Susan Murray (lighting, 1986); and Chris Stager ("Swiss Capes" fountain restoration, 1997). List of owners' names in 1921 included in documentation.
Related Materials:
The Jones' Wood Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (13 35 mm. slides (photographs))
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardening in the shade  Search this
Formal gardens  Search this
Urban gardens  Search this
Gardens -- New York -- Manhattan  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File NY860
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / New York
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb683d2d0f5-a259-4b02-ad79-f07187907dcc
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref26941

Ecological Sculpture

Collection Creator:
Tacha, Athena, 1936-  Search this
Container:
Box 22, Folder 20-21
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1980s-2000s
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.

Researchers interested in accessing born-digital records or audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Athena Tacha papers, 1959-2019. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Athena Tacha papers
Athena Tacha papers / Series 8: Subject Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9c03f121c-e92d-46db-9248-3255bbbd25cb
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-tachathe-ref228

Ecological Sculpture

Collection Creator:
Tacha, Athena, 1936-  Search this
Container:
Box 23, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1980s-2000s
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center.

Researchers interested in accessing born-digital records or audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Athena Tacha papers, 1959-2019. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Athena Tacha papers
Athena Tacha papers / Series 8: Subject Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw932c9e7d6-3824-4033-b82d-6695cf8cbe5e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-tachathe-ref229

Gay Games [program,]

Series Donor:
Becker, John M.  Search this
Gay Officers Action League. GOAL  Search this
Heritage of Pride (HOP)  Search this
Rohrbaugh, Richard  Search this
Series Creator:
Hirsch, Leonard  Search this
Guest, Barbara  Search this
Barna, Joseph T.  Search this
Guest, Michael E.  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Ink on paper., 10-3/4" x 8-1/4".)
Container:
Box 10
Type:
Archival materials
Programs
Date:
August, 1986
Scope and Contents:
Color cover.
Local Numbers:
AC1146-0000008.tif (AC Scan No.: front cover)
Exhibitions Note:
Shown in "Stonewall" display, Archives Center display case, June-July 2000.
Series Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.

Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow.

Do not use original materials when available on reference video or audio tapes.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Homosexuality  Search this
Gay rights  Search this
Sports  Search this
Genre/Form:
Programs -- 1980-2000
Series Citation:
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Collection
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Collection / Series 3: Community Life, Subjects, and Subject Files / 3.7: Gay Games / Gay Games II (San Francisco, California)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep841da02b1-0ac6-413d-a276-210cc7682856
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1146-ref2711

Letters (1980s)

Collection Creator:
Knoll, Florence, 1917-2019  Search this
Container:
Box 4, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1980-2000
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Florence Knoll Bassett papers, 1932-2000. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Florence Knoll Bassett papers
Florence Knoll Bassett papers / Series 6: Letters
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9eca55378-8bff-485e-9bb1-07b95a952734
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-knolflor-ref61
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Solicitor Mailings

Collection Creator:
Society of North American Goldsmiths  Search this
Container:
Box 14, Folder 2-4
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1980s-2000
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Researchers interested in accessing born-digital records or audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Society of North American Goldsmiths Records, 1949-2008. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Society of North American Goldsmiths records
Society of North American Goldsmiths records / Series 2: Printed Material
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw965a2bc61-024b-4bfa-887d-0a21ba8de173
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-socinort-ref105

Flyer Proposal, Draft

Collection Creator:
Society of North American Goldsmiths  Search this
Container:
Box 2, Folder 16
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Researchers interested in accessing born-digital records or audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Society of North American Goldsmiths Records, 1949-2008. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Society of North American Goldsmiths records
Society of North American Goldsmiths records / Series 1: Administrative Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9687c1cf7-0374-400d-b756-4ca15389166e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-socinort-ref50

Craft Fairs

Collection Creator:
Society of North American Goldsmiths  Search this
Container:
Box 5, Folder 10-11
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1980s-2000
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Researchers interested in accessing born-digital records or audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Society of North American Goldsmiths Records, 1949-2008. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Society of North American Goldsmiths records
Society of North American Goldsmiths records / Series 2: Printed Material
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9eac38e0b-d089-46aa-bec8-5eb9ff81c544
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-socinort-ref83

Mounted Photographs of Artwork

Collection Creator:
Marshall, John, 1936-  Search this
Container:
Box 4
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1980s-2000s
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Researchers interested in accessing audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact References Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
John Marshall papers, 1960s-2000s. Archives of American Art, Smithssonian Institution.
See more items in:
John Marshall papers
John Marshall papers / Series 2: Photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw990aa0f21-9646-4e6b-95aa-f270608fa011
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-marsjohn-ref35

Mounted Photographs of Artwork

Collection Creator:
Marshall, John, 1936-  Search this
Container:
Oversize 6
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1980s-2000s
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Researchers interested in accessing audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact References Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
John Marshall papers, 1960s-2000s. Archives of American Art, Smithssonian Institution.
See more items in:
John Marshall papers
John Marshall papers / Series 2: Photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9f8872b03-fbae-4156-828d-dbfb1ad65d2d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-marsjohn-ref45

Program in African American Culture Collection

Collector:
Maltsby, Portia  Search this
Creator:
Smithsonian Institution. Program in African American Culture  Search this
Extent:
100 Cubic feet (309 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Audiocassettes
Audiotapes
Videotapes
Photographs
Date:
1850-2004, undated
Summary:
The collection primarily documents the activities of the National Museum of American History's Program in African American Culture (PAAC) dating from 1979 through 2004. The Program in African American Culture (PAAC) created public programs documenting the black experience in the United States, as well as, other countries. Archival materials include photographs, programs, administrative files, magnetic tape, audiocassettes, U-matic and VHS video cassettes.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists primarily of administrative files, audio, video, and photographic documentation of the programs presented by the Program in African American Culture (PAAC) from 1979 through 2004. There is a substantial amount of material documenting research conducted by the Program in African American Culture (PAAC) for its programming. In addition, administrative paperwork relating to the day-to-day activities of the Program in African American Culture (PAAC) are also included in the materials.

The collection is divided into four series. Series one consists of the material created for each program and is arranged in chronological order. Series two contains background materials and publications relating to subjects of program interest and is arranged in alphabetical order. Series three includes correspondence, contracts, resumes of presenters and performers and other forms of administrative files. Series four are materials relating to Smithsonian Institution or outside programs and performances.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into four series.

Series 1, Programs Files, 1979-2004, undated

Series 2, Research Files, 1850-1995, undated

Series 3, Administrative Files, 1850-1995, undated

Series 4, Interviews, Speaking Engagements and Performances, 1964-2000, undated
Biographical / Historical:
The Program in African American Culture (PAAC) is a Smithsonian Institution research and programming office located in the National Museum of American History that was created as an outgrowth of the African Diaspora component of the 1975 and 1976 Festival of American Folklife. Founding director, Bernice Johnson Reagon, developed the Program in Black Culture, as the PAAC was originally, as a center for researching and presenting topics of interest to the study of African American history and culture. Reagon is a song leader, composer, scholar, and social activist, who was a founding member of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) Freedom Singers in the Albany Movement in Georgia. The Program, which was transferred to the National Museum of American History in 1983, provided, and continues to provide, a forum for the presentation of traditional and historical forms of African American cultural expression. To accomplish this, Program in African American Culture (PAAC) staff conducted thorough research, which resulted in public programs including conferences, concerts, colloquia, and seminars on a wide range of topics.
Related Materials:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Duke Ellington Collection (NMAH.AC0301)

Ruth Ellington Collection of Duke Ellington Materials (NMAH.AC0415)

Eugene D. Smallwood Gospel Music Collection (NMAH.AC0456)

Wade in the Water Radio Series Collection (NMAH.AC0516)

Moses Moon Civil Rights Movement Audio Collection (NMAH.AC0556)

Bernice Reagon Johnson Collection of African American Sacred Music (NMAH.AC0653)

Edward and Gaye Collection of Duke Ellington Materials (NMAH.AC0704)

Ruth Koenig Mississippi Summer Collection (NMAH.AC0558)

Ed King Collection of Civil Rights Material (NMAH.AC0559)

Smithsonian Institution

Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections

Smithsonian Folklife Festival records: 1969 Festival of American Folklife (CFCH.SFF.1969)

Smithsonian Institution Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage, June 25-July 6, 1997 (CFCH.SFF.1997)

Diana Davies Photographs (CFCH.DAVIE)

Smithsonian Institution Archivesemph>

Oral History Interview with Bernice Reagon Johnson, 1986 (Accession 009612)

National Museum of American History, Program in African American Culture, 1982-2002 (Accession 05-116)

National Museum of American History, Program in African American Culture, 1983-2004 (Accession 06-002)

National Museum of American History, Program in African American Culture, 1972-1999 (Accession 08-107)

National Museum of American History, Program in African American Culture, 1975-2000 (Accession 12-102)

National Museum of American History, Program in African American Culture, 1976-1999 (Accession 12-358)

National Museum of American History, Program in African American Culture, 1980-1992, 1961 (Accession 96-147)

Duke Ellington Collection Records, circa 1985-1993 (Accession 98-129)

National Museum of American History, Program in Black American Culture, circa 1976-1987 (Accession 98-136)

Smithsonian Institution. Division of Performing Arts (Accession 84-012)
Provenance:
Collection created by the Program in African Amerian Culture at the Smithsonian Institution from 1979-1986.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access and use of audiovisual materials available in the Archives Center reading room or by requesting copies of audiovisual materials at RightsReproductions@si.edu
Rights:
Copyright restrictions exist. Collection items available for reproduction Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Civil rights  Search this
African American history  Search this
African American religion  Search this
Gospel music  Search this
African Americans -- Music  Search this
Civil rights movements  Search this
Jazz  Search this
Genre/Form:
Audiocassettes
Audiotapes
Videotapes
Photographs -- 1980-2000
Citation:
Program in African American Culture Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0408
See more items in:
Program in African American Culture Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8095b9870-25ba-427d-b5f2-cf0108109c01
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0408
Online Media:

Robert C. Truax Collection

Creator:
Truax, Robert Collins, 1917-2010  Search this
Extent:
11.99 Cubic feet
12.95 Linear feet (21 Legal Size Boxes, 1 Slim Legal Size, 3 Shoe Boxes, 1 Flat Box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1929-2005
bulk 1980-2000
Summary:
Robert Truax was one of the great originals of American rocketry and a major proponent and inventor of ultra-low-cost rocket engine and vehicle concepts.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of material relating to the career of Robert Collins Truax including correspondence, photographic material, technical drawings, technical manuals and reports, presentation and conference materials, papers by Truax, news clippings, published materials and business records for Truax Engineering, Inc.

Projects and programs referenced in this collection include the Knievel Rocket Car (Truax X-2 Sky-Cycle); X-3 Volksrocket; amphibious launchers, including the "Sea Dragon," "Sea Horse," and SEALAR (Sea Launched Rocket); the Space Shuttle program; the Gemini and Apollo programs; Rocketdyne LR89 Liquid-Fuel Motors; Rand Project; the Corona Reconnaissance Satellite; and Project Private Enterprise.

The researcher should note that the collection also contains audio-visual material. These items are not included in the finding aid but the NASM audio-visual archivist can assist you regarding access.
Arrangement:
This collection was arranged into series by the processing archivist. There was no original order when the collection was received.

Series 1: Personal & Business Papers

Series 2: Papers Authored by R.C. Truax

Series 3: Drawings

Series 4: Images

4:1 - Slides

4:2 - Photos, Negatives & Floppy Discs
Acronyms:
Numerous acronyms were used by the creator when labeling his file units. Some will be obvious to the researcher but the archivist has identified some acronyms that might be more unclear. Not all acronyms were able to be identified.

AFRL - Air Force Research Lab

ATD - Advanced Technology Development

BAA - possibly Broad Agency Announcement

BMDO - Ballistic Missile Defense Organization

CDRL - Contract Data Requirements List?

CPAI - Chemical Propulsion Information Agency

ITAR - International Traffic in Arms Regulations

KACST - King Abdulaziz City for Science & Technology

MSFC - Marshall Space Flight Center

PMRF - Pacific Missile Range Facility

RSLP - Rocket Systems Launch Program

SEALAR - Sea Launch & Recovery

TEI - Truax Engineering Inc.

TPIPT - Technology Planning Integrated Product Teams
Biographical / Historical:
Robert Truax (1917-2010) was one of the great originals of American rocketry and a major proponent and inventor of ultra-low-cost rocket engine and vehicle concepts. A longtime member of the American Rocket Society (serving as its president in 1957,) He received the Robert H. Goddard award for outstanding work in liquid propellant rockets as well as the Legion of Merit citation for his conceptual work on making the "Polaris" guided-missile submarine a primary naval weapon. Truax was also inducted into the Air Force Space and Missile Pioneers Hall of Fame in 2003.

Inspired by Robert Goddard, Truax began building rockets when he was a teenager in California. From 1936 to 1939, while enrolled at the United States Naval Academy, he tested liquid-fueled rocket motors. During the late 1940s, he organized the US Naval Missile Test Center's propulsion laboratory at Point Mugu, California, and headed rocket development within the Navy's Bureau of Aeronotics where he advanced the concept of a staged combustion system upon which the Space Shuttle's main engines would eventually rely. In 1946, Truax led a team that interrogated the rocket engineer for Nazi Germany, Wernher von Braun.

By 1955, however, his proposal for a submarine-launched ballistic missile had failed to win Navy approval and he joined the Air Force's newly established Western Development Division (WDD) From 1955 to 1958, Captain Truax headed the Thor intermediate-range ballistic missile (IRBM) development program. Truax studied the sea launching of rockets, such as the Sea Bee and Sea Horse projects. In 1959 he retired as a Captain, and headed the Aerojet-General Advanced Development Division and Aerojet's Sea Dragon project in the Advanced Development Division until leaving in 1967. In 1966 Robert Truax founded Truax Engineering Inc. (TEI,) which studied sea launch concepts similar to the earlier Sea Dragon—the Excalibur, the SEALAR (Sea Launched Rocket,) and the Excalibur S. Here his low-cost booster program plan was elaborated and further studied, but he was again unable to interest NASA or the USAF in the concept of cheap access to space.

In the 70's and early 80's, Truax, heretofore prominent in scientific communities, emerged in popular culture. Literally building rockets from his own backyard in Saratoga, Truax built both of Evel Knievel's "Skycycles" for his 1974 for attempt to jump the Snake River Canyon. He later competed in the original X-prize competition to send a private astronaut into suborbital flight.

Robert Truax, died on September 17 aged 93, as a key figure in the rocket research that took America into the space age, while also being an inspiration to the do-it-yourself, back-yard amateur.
Provenance:
Truax Estate, gift, 2016
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Permissions Requests
Topic:
Truax X-3 Volksrocket  Search this
SEALAR (Sea Launched Rocket)  Search this
Astronautics  Search this
Manned space flight  Search this
Space Shuttle Program (U.S.)  Search this
Kneival Rocket Car (Truax X-2 Sky-Cycle)  Search this
Rocketry  Search this
RAND  Search this
North American Aviation, Inc. Rocketdyne Division  Search this
Citation:
Robert C. Truax Collection, Acc. 2016-0008, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.2016.0008
See more items in:
Robert C. Truax Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2263b6530-2539-40a0-9d6a-78b8f3e274e8
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-2016-0008
Online Media:

Los Altos Monument; Tribute to Ruth

Collection Creator:
Battenberg, John N., 1931-  Search this
Extent:
1 Videocassettes (VHS)
Container:
Box 5, Folder 14
Type:
Archival materials
Moving Images [31027000877171]
Videocassettes (vhs)
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment, and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Researchers interested in accessing born-digital and audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
John Battenberg papers, 1936-2013. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
John Battenberg papers
John Battenberg papers / Series 5: Project Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9551221b2-00b8-46a6-9ead-df84d69063ee
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-battjohn-ref128

Inventories

Collection Creator:
Battenberg, John N., 1931-  Search this
Container:
Box 6, Folder 16-17
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1980s-1990s
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment, and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Researchers interested in accessing born-digital and audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
John Battenberg papers, 1936-2013. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
John Battenberg papers
John Battenberg papers / Series 6: Personal Business Records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw97c57d1bb-c3e3-4f10-ad06-90fb49cc6f14
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-battjohn-ref148

Price Lists

Collection Creator:
Battenberg, John N., 1931-  Search this
Container:
Box 6, Folder 20
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1980s-1990s
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment, and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Researchers interested in accessing born-digital and audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
John Battenberg papers, 1936-2013. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
John Battenberg papers
John Battenberg papers / Series 6: Personal Business Records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw97e782ffa-7ee6-40be-be1a-a45a84f20820
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-battjohn-ref151

Foundries and Suppliers

Collection Creator:
Battenberg, John N., 1931-  Search this
Container:
Box 7, Folder 16
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1980s-2000s
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment, and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Researchers interested in accessing born-digital and audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
John Battenberg papers, 1936-2013. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
John Battenberg papers
John Battenberg papers / Series 7: Printed Material
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw966722925-94c0-43d5-9023-06f91fcb0c5f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-battjohn-ref171

Galleries and Museums

Collection Creator:
Battenberg, John N., 1931-  Search this
Container:
Box 7, Folder 17
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1980s-1990s
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment, and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Researchers interested in accessing born-digital and audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
John Battenberg papers, 1936-2013. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
John Battenberg papers
John Battenberg papers / Series 7: Printed Material
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw933a8097a-8f30-4e1b-adbe-cabb7cc29a85
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-battjohn-ref172

Artwork, Bird

Collection Creator:
Battenberg, John N., 1931-  Search this
Container:
Box 8, Folder 12
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment, and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Researchers interested in accessing born-digital and audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
John Battenberg papers, 1936-2013. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
John Battenberg papers
John Battenberg papers / Series 8: Photographic Material
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw90f4a9da4-909a-48e7-bee0-155e709d2fff
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-battjohn-ref185

Friends and Family

Collection Creator:
Battenberg, John N., 1931-  Search this
Container:
Box 9, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1980s-2000s
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment, and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Researchers interested in accessing born-digital and audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
John Battenberg papers, 1936-2013. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
John Battenberg papers
John Battenberg papers / Series 8: Photographic Material
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9bb2f49ce-faf7-4944-b7ab-716b26ed8af7
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-battjohn-ref197

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