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Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Office Equipment

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Names:
IBM (International Business Machines)  Search this
Xerox Corporation  Search this
Extent:
3.21 Cubic feet (consisting of 7 boxes, 3 oversize folders.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Advertising
Advertisements
Catalogues
Advertising fliers
Advertising mail
Sales letters
Print advertising
Invoices
Ephemera
Commercial catalogs
Printed materials
Printed ephemera
Publications
Sales catalogs
Photographs
Business records
Advertising cards
Sales records
Mail order catalogs
Business letters
Printed material
Reports
Commercial correspondence
Correspondence
Trade cards
Business ephemera
Catalogs
Business cards
Trade literature
Letterheads
Trade catalogs
Receipts
Periodicals
Manufacturers' catalogs
Illustrations
Date:
1833-1975
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Office Equipment forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents:
The collection includes devices and systems such as typewriters, calculation machines, mimeographs and copiers, punches and canceling machines, coin counters, telephonics, addressing and indexing systems, recording and message transmission, stamping, perforating, records storage and files, and also some consumable products like fasteners, ledgers, erasures. A few product samples are present.

Some product information contains suggestions and information on good business business practices or increasing efficiency and accuracy in the office or workplace environment.

A small amount of material related to furnishings, such as desks, bookcases, lockers, and trade show displays is present.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into three subseries.

Business Records and Marketing Materials

Genre

Subject
Brand Name Index:
The following is a list of brand names for various office equipment and related names that appear on this list is a compilation of those found on materials in the vertical document boxes. It is not a complete list of all the brand names for office equipment. The list is intended to assist researchers locate desired materials when only the brand name is known.

Brand Name Index

Efficiency -- Watson Mfg. Co.

Flatpakit -- American

Multigraph -- American Multigraph Sales Co.

Portland -- Southworth Machine Co.

Wiz -- American Sales Book Co.

Y & E -- Yawman & Eube Mfg. Co.
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
Office Equipment is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Mail-order business  Search this
Mail-order business -- Catalogs  Search this
Punched card systems -- Machinery  Search this
Filing cabinets  Search this
Furniture  Search this
Information display systems  Search this
Typewriters -- 1890-1900  Search this
Office equipment and supplies  Search this
Office equipment and supplies industry  Search this
Office equipment and supplies industry -- United States  Search this
Printing machinery and supplies  Search this
Patents  Search this
Display of merchandise  Search this
Sound recording machines  Search this
Retail trade  Search this
Bookkeeping  Search this
Calculators  Search this
Accounting -- Data processing  Search this
Sales accounting -- 19th century  Search this
Pneumatics  Search this
Telephone answering and recording equipment industry  Search this
Account books  Search this
Consumer goods -- Catalogs  Search this
Business  Search this
Typewriters -- 1880-1910  Search this
Magnetic recorders and recording  Search this
Typewriters  Search this
Merchandise displays  Search this
advertising -- Business ephemera  Search this
Genre/Form:
Advertising
Advertisements
Catalogues
Advertising fliers
Advertising mail
Sales letters
Print advertising
Invoices
Ephemera
Commercial catalogs
Printed materials
Printed ephemera
Publications -- Business
Sales catalogs
Photographs
Business records
Advertising cards
Sales records
Mail order catalogs
Business letters
Printed material
Reports
Publications
Commercial correspondence
Correspondence
Trade cards
Business ephemera
Catalogs
Business cards
Trade literature
Letterheads
Trade catalogs
Receipts
Periodicals
Manufacturers' catalogs
Illustrations
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Office Equipment, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Office
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Office Equipment
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-office
Online Media:

The role of printing technology in design communication a case study of Nigeria Kunle Adeyemi

Author:
Adeyemi, Kunle 1959-  Search this
Smithsonian Libraries African Art Index Project DSI  Search this
Type:
Articles
Place:
Nigeria
Date:
2014
Topic:
Printing  Search this
Printing machinery and supplies  Search this
Graphic design  Search this
Visual communication  Search this
Call number:
N72.T4 N38 2014
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1117102

Specimens of printing types American Type Founders Company

Title:
Specimen book of type
Specimens of modern printing types
American Type Founders Company
Author:
American Type Founders Company  Search this
Subject:
American Type Founders Company  Search this
Physical description:
iv, 506, [6] pages illustrations (some color) 24 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Specimens
Place:
United States
Date:
1897
Topic:
Printers' ornaments  Search this
Printing machinery and supplies  Search this
Printing  Search this
Type and type-founding  Search this
Call number:
Z250.A5 A443 1897
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_944031

[Trade catalogs from Borg-Warner Corp.]

Company Name:
Borg-Warner Corp.  Search this
Related companies:
B-W Superchargers, Inc., Milwaukee, WI; BJ Electronics, Santa Ana, CA; Borg & Beck Div., Chicago, IL; Borg-Warner Service Parts Co., Chicago, IL; Calumet Steel Div., Chicago, IL; Detectolab, Inc., Chicago, IL: Detroit Gear Div.; Detroit Vapor Stove Div., Muskegan, MI; Ingersoll Steel & Disc Div., Chicago, IL; Long Mfg. Co., Long Mfg. Div., Detroit, MI; Marbon Chemicals, Gary, IN; Marvel-Schebler Carbureter Div., Flint, MI; Mechanics Universal Joint Div., Rockford, IL; Morse Chain Co., Ithaca, NY; Norge Div., Detroit, MI; Pesco Products Div., Cleveland, OH; Rockford Clutch Div., Rockford Drilling Div., Rockford,IL; Warner Automotive Parts Co., Auburn, IN; Warner Gear Div., Muncie, IN; Reflectal Co., Chicago, IL. ; Sealmaster  Search this
Notes content:
power transmission products ; roller chain drives ; silent chain drives ; "Hy-Vo" chain drives ; timing belt drives ; delrin coupling ; DRC flexible coupling ; SCR ; torque limiters ; roller ramp ; cam clutches ; pulleys ; idlers ; conveyer components ; gear motors ; reducers ; helical gearmotor ; speed reducers ; worm gear motor ; helical shaft mounted reducer ; stock gears ; spur ; spherco bearing ; rod end ; sealmaster bearings ; bearings and stock ends ; AC controller ; DC drives ; signal isolator ; transformer...this comprises some of the uncataloged portion.
Includes:
Trade catalog and price lists
Black and white images
Color images
Physical description:
473 pieces; 7 boxes
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Auburn Hills, Michigan, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Appliances (household)  Search this
Automobiles and automotive equipment (including trucks and buses)  Search this
Aviation (aircraft; balloons; etc.)  Search this
Chemicals and chemical products  Search this
Electrical apparatus and equipment  Search this
Iron and steel products (castings; sheet steel; steel wire; wire rope; pig iron and structural steel products )  Search this
Laboratories and laboratory supplies and equipment  Search this
Materials handling equipment (includes barrels; bottling and filling; casters; chains; etc.)  Search this
Nuclear materials and technologies  Search this
Printing; publishing; paper and bookselling (including type specimens)  Search this
Textiles and textile machinery  Search this
Topic:
"Laboratories -- Furniture, equipment, etc."  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
Airplanes  Search this
Airships  Search this
Automobiles  Search this
Balloons  Search this
Barrels  Search this
Book industries and trade  Search this
Bottling  Search this
Chemicals  Search this
Electric apparatus and appliances  Search this
Household appliances  Search this
Industrial equipment  Search this
Iron industry and trade  Search this
Motor vehicles  Search this
Nuclear energy  Search this
Nuclear engineering -- Instruments  Search this
Nuclear industry  Search this
Nuclear power plants  Search this
Printing machinery and supplies  Search this
Publishers and publishing  Search this
Steel industry and trade  Search this
Textile fabrics  Search this
Textile machinery industry  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_8516
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_8516

[Trade catalogs from Charles Wagner Litho Machinery Co., Inc.]

Company Name:
Charles Wagner Litho Machinery Co., Inc.  Search this
Related companies:
Charles Wagner Litho. Machinery Co., Inc.  Search this
Notes content:
automatic drying ovens, coating and varnishing machines, offset and direct hand presses and offset proving presses...this comprises the uncataloged portion.
Includes:
Trade catalog and photographs
Black and white images
Physical description:
1 piece; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Hoboken, New Jersey, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Printing; publishing; paper and bookselling (including type specimens)  Search this
Topic:
Book industries and trade  Search this
Printing machinery and supplies  Search this
Publishers and publishing  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_44281
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_44281

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Printing and Printers

Creator:
Warshaw, Isadore, 1900-1969  Search this
Extent:
6.04 Cubic feet (consisting of 11.5 boxes, 1 folder, 9 oversized folders, 3 flat boxes (1 full, 2 partial), plus digital images of some collection material.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Legal documents
Print advertising
Business records
Correspondence
Invoices
Trade cards
Business cards
Business ephemera
Reports
Ephemera
Periodicals
Printed ephemera
Mail order catalogs
Advertising mail
Manufacturers' catalogs
Commercial catalogs
Catalogues
Proofs (printed matter)
Advertising fliers
Receipts
Letterheads
Illustrations
Publications
Advertisements
Sales catalogs
Catalogs
Commercial correspondence
Advertising cards
Advertising
Manuals
Trade catalogs
Business letters
Date:
1713-1993
Summary:
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Accounting and Bookkeeping forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents:
The subject category Printing and Printers primarily represents material designed and created by printing companies, largely on the behalf of other companies. Additional material includes serial publications created by printers, the history of printing, biographical material about printers or typographical artists, as well as printing and engraving instructions.

Types of printmaking and printers in these records include stereotyping, electrotyping, planographs, typographs, linotypes, and monotypes.

No expansive documentation of any single printer company is represented within the records, and there is minimal breadth of material on specific subject areas within the printing field. However, business records, company histories, select historical overviews, and the cumulative examples of printers visual work may provide researchers with a broad overview of the printing industry as well as a visual sampling of the evolution of printing styles.
Arrangement:
Printing and Printers is arranged in three subseries. Records, advertising, and catalogues for proprietorships may be filed under either the first or last name of the individual, researchers should look in all applicable alphabetical folders.

Business Records and Marketing Material

Genre

Subject
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.

Series 1: Business Ephemera

Series 2: Other Collection Divisions

Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers

Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Provenance:
Printing and Printers is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Consumer goods -- Catalogs  Search this
Printing -- Instruments  Search this
Printing -- History  Search this
Printing -- Technique  Search this
Printing machinery and supplies  Search this
Printing  Search this
Printing presses  Search this
Linotype  Search this
Printmakers  Search this
Patents  Search this
Wood-engraving  Search this
Printers -- United States  Search this
Engraving -- 19th century -- United States  Search this
Engraving -- History  Search this
Printing industry  Search this
Retail trade  Search this
Sales promotion  Search this
Genre/Form:
Legal documents
Print advertising
Business records
Correspondence
Invoices
Trade cards
Business cards
Business ephemera
Reports
Ephemera
Periodicals
Printed ephemera
Mail order catalogs
Advertising mail
Manufacturers' catalogs
Commercial catalogs
Catalogues
Proofs (printed matter)
Advertising fliers
Receipts
Letterheads
Illustrations
Publications -- Business
Advertisements
Sales catalogs
Catalogs
Commercial correspondence
Advertising cards
Advertising
Manuals
Trade catalogs
Publications
Business letters
Citation:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Printing and Printers, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0060.S01.01.Printing
See more items in:
Warshaw Collection of Business Americana Subject Categories: Printing and Printers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0060-s01-01-printing
Online Media:

[Trade catalogs from American Type Founders Co.]

Company Name:
American Type Founders Co.  Search this
Related companies:
Golding Press Div. (Franklin, MA) ; Golding Mfg. Co. (Franklin, MA) ; Amertype Recordgraph Corp. (New York, NY)  Search this
Notes content:
One envelope (Golding Press Div.) OVERSIZE. Photocompositors ; printing presses. Type specimens ; music type specimens ; crossword puzzle fonts ; Holiday, Christmas, Halloween, and Thanksgiving Decorators and type ; typecuts. Golding Press Div.: Pearl Press ; Pearl Paper Cutter ; Boston Card Cutters ; Official Card Cutters ; bench shears ; Golding Tablet Press ; Official Hand Lever Press... this comprises the uncataloged portion.
Includes:
Trade catalog and price lists
Black and white images
Color images
Physical description:
113 pieces; 5 boxes
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Elizabeth, New Jersey, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Printing; publishing; paper and bookselling (including type specimens)  Search this
Topic:
Book industries and trade  Search this
Printing machinery and supplies  Search this
Publishers and publishing  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_43841
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_43841

Harris Automatic Press Company Records

Creator:
GSS Printing Equipment Company.  Search this
Graphic Arts Collection (NMAH, SI)  Search this
Information Technology and Communications, Div. of (NMAH, SI).  Search this
Harris Automatic Press Company, Dayton, Ohio  Search this
Extent:
6.5 Cubic feet (13 boxes and 5 oversize folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Photograph albums
Newsletters
Photographs
Blueprints
Catalogs
Date:
2003 - 2003
1889 - 1995
Summary:
Collection documents the Harris Automatic Press Company, manufacturers of a printing press with an automatic feed primarily through drawings and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
The collection contains photographs of the presses, factory and employees; a scrapbook of presses, 1915; drawings; trade literature and catalogs; the Harris Impressions newsletter; blueprints of the presses; and histories of the company.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into three series.

Series 1: Background Materials, 1889-1995

Series 2: Drawings, 1896-1929

Series 3: Photographs, 1921-1968; 2003
Biographical / Historical:
In 1890 jewelers and tinkerers Alfred and Charles G. Harris developed a new printing press with an automatic feeder. Their first press was a revolutionary breakthrough, delivering ten times what a pressman could feed by hand. The Harris Automatic Press Company was responsible for many printing innovations during the early 1900s including the first commercially successful offset lithographic press and the first two-color offset press. The company became one of the world's largest and most successful manufacturers of printing equipment.

Harris-Seybold Company (later Harris Intertype) of Cleveland, Ohio manufactured high-quality sheetfed offset lithographic printing presses. The Harris Automatic Press Co. of Niles, Ohio (the original company name) designed and built the first commercially successful sheetfed offset lithographic printing press in 1906. It was sold to the Republic Banknote Company (later became part of U.S. Banknote Corporation) in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, shipped on July 26, 1906. This printing press was retired in August 1940, rebuilt by Harris and donated to the Smithsonian Institution. From 1906 to 1976, Harris manufactured thousands of lithographic printing presses in various models and sizes along with various designs of bindery equipment. They were leaders in offset lithography technology. Many of the sheetfed offset lithographic presses presently being manufactured use some form of the early Harris innovations. In 1957, the company name was changed to Harris Intertype Corporation and in 1974 the name was changed to Harris Corporation. At this time the company was comprised of several electronic divisions in addition to the printing equipment divisions. The company stopped production of sheetfed lithographic printing presses in 1976. The corporate offices moved from Cleveland, Ohio to Melbourne, Florida in 1978 where Harris Corporation is still located. Harris Corporation disposed of its printing equipment plants in 1984 in a leverage buyout. Heidelberg (Germany) purchased some of the printing manufacturing plants in the late 1990s.
Provenance:
Collection donated by GSS Printing Equipment.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Printing machinery and supplies  Search this
Printing industry  Search this
Printing  Search this
Offset printing  Search this
Inventors  Search this
Printing -- Instruments  Search this
Printing -- History  Search this
Printing presses  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Photograph albums -- 20th century
Newsletters -- 1900-1950
Photographs -- 1900-1950
Blueprints
Catalogs
Citation:
Harris Automatic Press Company Records, 1889-1995; 2003 Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0928
See more items in:
Harris Automatic Press Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0928

Mergenthaler Linotype Company Records

Creator:
Mergenthaler Linotype Co.  Search this
Extent:
108 Cubic feet (257 boxes, 1 map-folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Type specimens
Business records
Minutes
Brochures
Correspondence
Date:
1886-1997
Summary:
These records document primarily the history of typeface development at the Mergenthaler Linotype Company of Baltimore, Maryland. The company supplied most of the typesetting machines used in the printing industry, both in America and worldwide. As changing technology ended the usefulness of the linotype machine the company pioneered new computer-driven, photo typesetting machines.
Scope and Contents:
The collection documents the development of typefaces and contains some company business records, including reports, memoranda, correspondence, marketing materials, and other business papers; and typeface examples.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 13 series. The series level arrangement scheme was imposed during processing to facilitate a more usable order for the records. Several series documenting typeface were combined into a single series, Series 2: Typefaces.

In most instances, original folder titles were retained. In circumstances where there was no folder title, the processing archivist created one derived from the nature of the materials.

Series 1: Organizational Records, 1929-1997

Series 2: Office Files, 1908-1992

Series 3: Typefaces, 1904-1991

Subseries 3.1: Typefaces, 1923-1993

Subseries 3.2: Designers of Typeface, 1929-1987

Subseries 3.3: Technical Development of Typeface, 1933-1985

Subseries 3.4: Matrix Data for Typeface, 1923-1974

Subseries 3.5: Typographic Committee Meetings (Standards), 1984-1988

Series 4: Licensing Agreements, 1939-1988

Series 5: International Files, 1956-1989

Series 6: Correspondence and Inter-Office Memoranda, 1968-1994

Subseries 6.1: Domestic, 1968-1994 Subseries 6.2: Marketing, 1984-1993

Series 7: Variable Input Phototypesetter (VIP), 1970-1977

Series 8: Conferences, 1986-1993

Series 9: Executives' Records

Suberies 9.1: Brian Boyajian Files, 1989

Subseries 9.2: Bruce Brenner Files, 1981-1991

Subseries 9.3: Jackson Burke Files, 1956-1961

Subseries 9.4: Stephen "Steve" Byers Files, 1973-1995

Subseries 9.5: Ames Gutierrez Files, 1990-01-1991

Subseries 9.6: Karl Heidenreich Files, 1983

Subseries 9.7: Jürgen Krufcyzk Files, 1989-1990

Subseries 9.8: Franklin J. Lassman Files, 1984-1985

Subseries 9.9: Mike Parker Files, 1969-1981

Subseries 9.10: Ray Pell Files, 1982

Subseries 9.11: Günter Zorn Files, 1990-01-1990-12

Series 10: Sales Materials, 1886-1982

Series 11: Project Files, 1977-1987

Series 12: Xerox Corporation Materials, 1982-1989

Series 13: Adobe Systems Incorporated Materials, 1983-1993
Biographical:
Ottmar Mergenthaler (born May 11, 1854 in Hachtel (today: Bad Mergentheim), Kingdom of Württemberg; died October 28, 1899 in Baltimore, MD) was part of a large wave of German immigrants who sailed to the United States and settled in Baltimore between 1861 and 1910. He arrived in 1872, at eighteen years of age, and started working for his step-cousin August Hahl, who ran a workshop for electrical equipment and patent models. It was during Mergenthaler's time in Hahl's workshop that he first discovered his true passion: print technology. In 1885, thirteen years after landing in the United States, Mergenthaler was awarded a patent for a typesetting machine that eventually became known as the Linotype. The invention was the result of a decade of intense engagement with mechanized typesetting machines and the surrounding literature. The Linotype represented a major milestone in the history of printing, and, by extension, the larger history of Mergenthaler's time. His invention revolutionized the printing industry, making it possible to print faster and more efficiently than ever before. Ultimately, Mergenthaler's Linotype opened a new chapter in the history of mass communication and determined the path of the printing industry for the next century.

Mergenthaler Linotype Company was founded in the United States in 1886 to market the Linotype machine invented by Ottmar Mergenthaler.

Source

Tsaniou, Styliani. "Ottmar Mergenthaler." In Immigrant Entrepreneurship: German-American Business Biographies, 1720 to the Present, vol. 3, edited by Giles R. Hoyt. German Historical Institute. Last modified July 26, 2013. http://www.immigrantentrepreneurship.org/entry.php?rec=42
Related Materials:
Materials at the Smithsonian Institution

Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Series: Printing and Printers

Smithsonian Institution Archives

Presentation of Mergenthaler Linotype Machine to the National Museum of History and Technology, now known as the National Museum of American History. (SIA Acc. 11-008 [OPA-1521])

Smithsonian Trade Literature Collection

Mergenthaler Linotype Company catalogs

National Postal Museum

Ottmar Mergenthaler, postage stamp, 1996. See 1997.2004.49.

Smithsonian American Art Museums

Ottmar Mergenthaler, sculpture, 1908. See IAS 08650110.

National Portrait Gallery

Ottmar Mergenthaler, sculpture, 1908. See NPG.79.77.

National Museum of African American History and Culture

Linotype Machine used by the Chicago Defender Publishing Company, 1902-1906. See NMAAHC-2012.18.

Materials at Other Organizations

University of Delaware Library, Special Collections Department

Mergenthaler Linotype Collection, 1881-1954

Eight linear feet of materials including letters, legal papers, and patents. The collection represents only a limited portion of the company's history.

University of Kentucky Special Collections Research Center

Chauncey Hawley Griffith papers, 1903-1969, undated

Primarily of manuscript correspondence, drawings, and proofs that document typefaces designed and developed by Chauncey Hawley Griffith, William Addison Dwiggins, and Rudolph Ruzicka for the Mergenthaler Linotype Company in the early- to mid-twentieth century.

Syracuse University Libraries, Special Collections Research Center

William Addison Dwiggins Collection, 1927

Typewritten manuscript for an essay written by Dwiggins and related correspondence.

University of Maryland, Special Collections

William Addision Dwiggins Collection, 1902-1990

Includes over 130 volumes and over 30 pieces of ephemera documenting Dwiggins's design career, as well as works written about him.

New York Public Library, Manuscripts and Archives Division

Paul A. Bennett papers, 1925-1966

Personal and professional correspondence, research materials, typescripts of writings, and other papers relating to Bennett's career in advertising and his work with the Typophiles. Includes material relating to the Chap Book series, published by the Typophiles.
Separated Materials:
The Division of Culture and the Arts holds objects related to the Mergenthaler Linotype Company that include books, models, linofilm system, matrices, typecasting and typesetting machine, reports, and letters.

See accessions: 1981.1011; GA.22989; GA.22952; GA 22984; GA.22948; GA.22951; 22949; GA.22953; ZZ.RSN85692F20; GA.24877; GA.23057; GA.24582; 1979.0372.1; GA.22988; GA.22950; GA.17070; GA.22947; GA.22959; GA.22961; GA.22986; GA.22987; GA.22955.
Provenance:
Donated by Mergenthaler Linotype Company in 1998 and 1999.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.

Social Security numbers are present and have been rendered unreadable and redacted. Researchers may use the photocopies in the collection.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Typesetting  Search this
Printing -- History  Search this
Printing -- Instruments  Search this
Type designers  Search this
Typesetting machines  Search this
Linotype  Search this
Printing industry  Search this
Printing machinery and supplies  Search this
Genre/Form:
Type specimens
Business records -- 20th century
Minutes -- 20th century
Brochures -- 20th century
Correspondence -- 20th century
Citation:
Mergenthaler Linotype Company Records, 1886-1997, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0666
See more items in:
Mergenthaler Linotype Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0666
Online Media:

[Trade catalogs from American Business Information]

Company Name:
American Business Information  Search this
Notes content:
January 1991 List of 9 Million Businesses Complied from the Yellow Pages and Telephone verified ; business lists ; consumer lists; other lists ; special services ; businesses in the United States ; Big Business ; Publicly Traded Companies ; Small Business File ; Work at Home Businesses ; New Business Names ; Canadian Businesses ; Manufacturers in the United States ; Farm Operators and owners ; high-income Americans ; households in the United States ; High School and College students ; Doctors ; Dentists ; Lawyers ; Aircraft Owners ; Boat/Yacht Owners ; Insurance Agents ; Car Owners ; International Business Lists ; Investors ; Millionaires ; Opportunity Seekers ; Pilots ; Real Estate Agents ; Stock Broker Executives ; Students - high school and college...this comprises the uncataloged portion.
Includes:
Trade catalog
Black and white images
Physical description:
1 piece; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Omaha, Nebraska, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Computers and computer equipment  Search this
Dental equipment and supplies  Search this
Educational institutions; equipment and supplies (includes playground equipment)  Search this
Printing; publishing; paper and bookselling (including type specimens)  Search this
Real Estate  Search this
Topic:
"Schools -- Furniture, equipment, etc."  Search this
Book industries and trade  Search this
Commercial real estate  Search this
Computers  Search this
Dental instruments and apparatus  Search this
Industrial real estate  Search this
Optical equipment  Search this
Playgrounds  Search this
Printing machinery and supplies  Search this
Publishers and publishing  Search this
Real estate business  Search this
Real property  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_34757
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_34757

Martin J. Weber Graphic Arts Collection

Donor:
Weber, Carl  Search this
Creator:
Weber, Martin J., 1905-2007  Search this
Extent:
0.75 Cubic feet (2 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Advertisements
Annual reports
Patents
Correspondence
Design drawings
Business records
Contracts
Magazines (periodicals)
Date:
1931-1980
Summary:
This collection features business documents, legal papers, and examples of prints from Martin J. Weber, who pioneered the "Weber Process."
Scope and Contents:
This collection documents the Weber Process for printing that made images on paper appear more three dimensional, as well as the photomechanical apparatus Weber developed to implement it . The collection contains patent documents, contracts and business papers, correspondence, design drawings, advertisements for the Weber Process and for his studio, and a paper he delivered to the American Photo Engravers Association. It also contains numerous samples of Weber's work, including magazines covers and advertisements, annual reports from companies featuring images enhanced by Weber, brochures, and other printed material.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into nine series.

Series 1: Articles, 1931-1971

Series 2: Awards, 1931-1971

Series 3: Business Documents, 1931-1971

Series 4: Correspondence, 1931-1971

Series 5: Legal Documents, 1931-1971

Series 6: Prints, 1931-1980

Series 7: Weber Process Documents, 1931-1971

Series 8: Photographs, 1931-1971

Series 9: Large Prints, 1931-1971
Biographical / Historical:
Martin J. Weber was born in 1905 and worked as a graphic artist, inventor and typographer in the commercial art industry into his eighties. He died in 2007 at the age of 102.

Weber invented and patented the Weber Process in 1942, which utilized a photomechanical apparatus that altered images and text photographically to give pattern, texture, and shadow. Also known as Posterization, the process gave two-dimensional surfaces the "illusion of being reproduced in three dimensions" by printing multiple layers offset from one another. Weber helped to define the look of mid-twentieth century American advertising art, offering a "low-cost way of simulating multiple color reproduction." The process revolutionized lithography, screen printing, and standard printing, and later influenced computer typography.

Sources

Heller, Steven. "Martin Weber in the Third Dimension." Design Observer. June 19, 2007. Accessed August 03, 2016. http://designobserver.com/article.php?id=5657.
Provenance:
Donated to the Archives Center by Martin J. Weber's son, Carl Weber, 2011.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Printing  Search this
Printing machinery and supplies  Search this
Inventors  Search this
Graphic arts  Search this
Graphic artists  Search this
Genre/Form:
Advertisements -- 20th century
Annual reports -- 20th century
Patents
Correspondence -- 20th century
Design drawings
Business records
Contracts
Magazines (periodicals) -- 20th century
Citation:
Martin J. Weber Graphic Arts Collection, 1931-1971, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1209
See more items in:
Martin J. Weber Graphic Arts Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1209

[Trade catalogs from Stephenson, Blake & Co.]

Variant company name:
London, United Kingdom  Search this
Company Name:
Stephenson, Blake & Co.  Search this
Notes content:
specimens of printing types, borders & ornaments
Includes:
Trade catalog and price lists
Black and white images
Physical description:
6 pieces; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Sheffield, United Kingdom
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Printing; publishing; paper and bookselling (including type specimens)  Search this
Topic:
Book industries and trade  Search this
Printing machinery and supplies  Search this
Publishers and publishing  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_22743
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_22743

[Trade catalogs from Chartpak]

Variant company name:
Didcot, United Kingdom  Search this
Company Name:
Chartpak  Search this
Related companies:
Times Mirror Co.  Search this
Notes content:
Graphic design supplies ; tapes ; color creation ; die-cut symbols ; vinyl signage ; layout templates and symbols ; easels graphic fills and paper ; AD markers ; audio-visual products ; transfer lettering custom products
Includes:
Trade catalog
Black and white images
Color images
Physical description:
2 pieces; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Leeds, Massachusetts, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Printing; publishing; paper and bookselling (including type specimens)  Search this
Topic:
Book industries and trade  Search this
Printing machinery and supplies  Search this
Publishers and publishing  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_14155
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_14155

[Trade catalogs from Harper & Bros. Publishers]

Variant company name:
Est. 1817 ; London, United Kingdom  Search this
Company Name:
Harper & Bros. Publishers  Search this
Notes content:
Publisher ; "The Harper Centennial, 1817-1917"
Includes:
Trade catalog, samples and histories
Black and white images
Types of samples:
Book speciman including sample bindings.
Physical description:
3 pieces; 3 boxes
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
New York, New York, United States
Date range:
1800s-1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Printing; publishing; paper and bookselling (including type specimens)  Search this
Topic:
Book industries and trade  Search this
Printing machinery and supplies  Search this
Publishers and publishing  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_19160
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_19160

[Trade catalogs from Kroy Inc.]

Company Name:
Kroy Inc.  Search this
Related companies:
Kroy (Europe) Ltd. (Reading, United Kingdom) ; Kroy France SARL ; Kroy Deutschland GMBH (Hannover, Germany)  Search this
Notes content:
"Kroy" lettering system
Includes:
Trade catalog
Color images
Physical description:
1 piece; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Scottsdale, Arizona, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Office equipment and supplies  Search this
Printing; publishing; paper and bookselling (including type specimens)  Search this
Topic:
Book industries and trade  Search this
Office equipment and supplies industry  Search this
Printing machinery and supplies  Search this
Publishers and publishing  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_26558
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_26558

[Trade catalogs from Lockwood & Co.]

Variant company name:
Stationers' Hall Court, London, United Kingdom  Search this
Company Name:
Lockwood & Co.  Search this
Notes content:
1859. "A Catalogue of Works in Architecture (Civil and Naval), Agriculture, Chemistry, Electricity, Engineering (Civil, Military, & Mechanical), Mathematics, Mechanics, Metallurgy, Etc. Etc. and Books in General and School Literature including Mr. Weale's Series of Rudimentary Works, Series of Educational Works, and Series of Greek and Latin Classics."
Includes:
Trade catalog and price lists
Black and white images
Physical description:
3 pieces; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
London, United Kingdom
Date:
1800s
Topic (Romaine term):
Printing; publishing; paper and bookselling (including type specimens)  Search this
Topic:
Book industries and trade  Search this
Printing machinery and supplies  Search this
Publishers and publishing  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_27355
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_27355

[Trade catalogs from Parker Brothers]

Variant company name:
Founded 1883  Search this
Company Name:
Parker Brothers  Search this
Related companies:
Partnerships with: Miro Co. (Paris, France) ; Waddingtons Games Ltd (Leeds, United Kingdom). Parker Brothers acquired sequentially by: General Mills Corp. ; Kenner Products, forming Kenner Parker Toys ; Tonka Corp. ; Hasbro, Inc.  Search this
Notes content:
1895 issue of "Illustrated Catalogue of Parker Brother's Standard Games". The cover points out the the company's games received the "highest awards" at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893. The front cover features a then-new game called "Napoleon" and the back cover shows a game called "Waterloo." Other games new for 1895 were: Kringle ; Menagerie ; Wonderland and Yankee Doodle. Other games shown include "The Yale Harvard Game: A High Class Game for Thoughtful Players" featuring a classic football rivalry ; The Office Boy ; The American Derby ; Komickal Konversation Kards ; World's Fair Game ; Mother Goose Game ; Hare and Hounds ; Tiddledy Winks ; Bagatelle ; puzzles such as Dark Town Fire Brigades and Modes of Travel. The 1977 Parker Brothers Catalog of Games and Toys Games include: Monopoly ; Payday ; Sorry! ; Careers ; Clue ; Ouija ; Qubic ; Risk ; games licensed from popular culture and television shows such as: Guinness Game of World Records ; Masterpiece ; The Six Million Dollar Man ; the Bionic Woman ; Happy Days ; Barney Miller ; Laverne & Shirley ; The Muppet Show Game ; Walt Disney's The Rescuers Game ; a CB slang game called 10-Four Good Buddy ; Holly Hobbie Wishing Well ; Curious George ; The Little Engine That Could ; Winnie the Pooh ; Code Name: Sector, the company's first computer game ; word and card games such as: Boggle ; Rook ; Mille Bornes ; Water Works ; action games such as: Gnip Gnop and Funny Bones ; puzzle games and jig saw puzzles ; Riviton building system ; Nerf series of toys and balls. Hard copy of a history of Parker Brothers from Hasbro website. (see http://www.hasbro.com/default.cfm?page=ci_history_pb) ; Became a wholly owned subsidiary of General Mills Corp. in 1968. General Mills spun off its toy division in 1985, selling it to Kenner Products and forming Kenner Parker Toys, Inc. In 1987 Kenner Parker Toys was bought by Tonka Corp. In 1991, Tonka was bough by Hasbro, Inc. and the new division was named Hasbro Games. Hasbro, Inc. is also the parent company for Milton Bradley, Kenner, Tonka, and Playskool. (see http://www.hasbro.com/default.cfm?page=ci_history_pb)
Includes:
Trade catalog, price lists and histories
Black and white images
Color images
Physical description:
5 pieces; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
Salem, Massachusetts, United States
Date range:
1800s-1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Printing; publishing; paper and bookselling (including type specimens)  Search this
Toys and games  Search this
Topic:
Book industries and trade  Search this
Games  Search this
Printing machinery and supplies  Search this
Publishers and publishing  Search this
Toy making  Search this
Toys  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_28708
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_28708

[Trade catalogs from G. E. Stechert & Co.]

Variant company name:
Leipzig, Germany ; London, United Kingdom ; Paris, France  Search this
Company Name:
G. E. Stechert & Co.  Search this
Related companies:
Whittaker & Co. (London, United Kingdom)  Search this
Notes content:
Book publishers and importers ; Catalog of books
Includes:
Trade catalog and price lists
Physical description:
2 pieces; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
New York, New York, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Printing; publishing; paper and bookselling (including type specimens)  Search this
Topic:
Book industries and trade  Search this
Printing machinery and supplies  Search this
Publishers and publishing  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_29144
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_29144

[Trade catalogs from G. P. Putnam's Sons]

Variant company name:
London, United Kingdom  Search this
Company Name:
G. P. Putnam's Sons  Search this
Notes content:
"The Works of Oliver Goldsmith" ; "The Writings of Washington Irving" ; catalog of company's publications
Includes:
Trade catalog and price lists
Black and white images
Physical description:
3 pieces; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
New York, New York, United States
Date range:
1800s-1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Printing; publishing; paper and bookselling (including type specimens)  Search this
Topic:
Book industries and trade  Search this
Printing machinery and supplies  Search this
Publishers and publishing  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_34030
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_34030

[Trade catalogs from Longmans, Green & Co.]

Variant company name:
London, United Kingdom [Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Longman]  Search this
Company Name:
Longmans, Green & Co.  Search this
Notes content:
Publisher [Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Longman] . Technical or academic paper: "Duodecimal Arithmetic: A Comparison" by George S. Terry ; mathematical computations using base 12 and base 10
Includes:
Trade catalog
Black and white images
Physical description:
2 pieces; 1 box
Language:
English
Type of material:
Trade catalogs
Trade literature
Place:
New York, New York, United States
Date:
1900s
Topic (Romaine term):
Educational institutions; equipment and supplies (includes playground equipment)  Search this
Printing; publishing; paper and bookselling (including type specimens)  Search this
Topic:
"Schools -- Furniture, equipment, etc."  Search this
Book industries and trade  Search this
Playgrounds  Search this
Printing machinery and supplies  Search this
Publishers and publishing  Search this
Record ID:
SILNMAHTL_27602
Location:
Trade Literature at the American History Museum Library
Collection:
Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collections
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILNMAHTL_27602

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