The Carol Zane Jolles papers document her research conducted among the Yup'ik and Inupiaq communities of St. Lawrence Island, Wales, and Little Diomede Island from approximately 1982-2004. Jolles interviewed residents (with a focus on village elders) in English, Yup'ik, and Inupiaq about their lives, traditions, and village histories. The collection contains audiovisual recordings, transcripts, correspondence, research project notes and papers, maps, charts, diagrams, drawings, and publications.
Scope and Contents:
The bulk of the collection consists of recorded interviews with the residents of St. Lawrence Island, Little Diomede, and Wales, Alaska. The interviews were conducted as part of numerous research projects led by Jolles from approximately 1982-2004. The interviews focus primarily on community life and history.
The records include: audiovisual recordings (cassettes, VHS tapes, and film) and associated transcripts; correspondence between Jolles and various community members; maps, charts, diagrams, and drawings (many created by community members); population records; reports; research project notes and papers; school records; photographs; and various publications.
Access to the collection is restricted, due to the presence of personally identifiable information (PII). Access is subject to approval by the Smithsonian Institution's Institutional Review Board (IRB). Please contact the National Anthropological Archives for further information.
Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
This collection is arranged into two (2) series: (1) St. Lawrence Island, 1910-2000 and (2) LIttle Diomede and Wales, 1930-2013.
Carol Zane Jolles is a leading figure in Arctic ethnology who worked among the Yup'ik and Inupiaq communities in Alaska along the northern Bering Sea-Bering Strait region from 1982-2013.
Jolles was born on November 12, 1940 in Washington, D.C. and grew up in Falls Church, Virginia. She studied Literature at Earlham College (1958-1961) and received her Bachelor's degree and a teaching certificate from Roosevelt University (1964). From the 1964 to 1980 Jolles taught in Chicago, Minneapolis, and Philadelphia public schools, until deciding to continue her education.
Jolles attended the University of Washington from 1982-1990, where she received her Master's degree (1985) and Ph.D. (1990) in Cultural Anthropology. Her doctoral research involved documenting family histories and relationships, gender roles, and the history and impact of acculturation and the activities of Presbyterian missionaries beginning in the late 1800s. This research also addressed changes in schooling and the decreased knowledge of the Yup'ik language. In 2002, Jolles, along with research partner, Elinor Mikaghak Oozeva, published the seminal book, Faith, Food, and Family in a Yupik Whaling Community.
After becoming a faculty member at the University of Washington in the 1990s, Jolles' anthropological research expanded to include the documentation of the Inupiaq hunting communities of Wales and the Diomede Islands. Here, she focused on indigenous knowledge, perception of place and space, Inupiat people's relation to their home territory as reflected in place names, oral histories, original art (drawings), and other cultural means. Other research interests included climate change and its impact on Alaska Native communities.
Jolles retired from the University of Washington in 2013. As Emerita Research Professor for the Department of Anthropology, she continues to maintain correspondence with various Yu'pik and Inupiaq community members.
1940 November 12 -- Born in Washington, D.C.
1958-1961 -- Attends Earlham College
1964 -- Receives Bachelor's Degree in English & Language Arts from Roosevelt University Receives Teaching Certificate from Roosevelt University
1964-1980 -- Teaches in Chicago, Minneapolis, and Philadelphia public schools
1982-1990 -- Studies as a Graduate Student in Cultural Anthropology at the University of Washington Conducts doctoral research in Alaska
1982-2013 -- Conducts research in St. Lawrence Island, Wales, and the Diomede Islands of Alaska
1985 -- Receives Master's Degree in Cultural Anthropology from the University of Washington
1990 -- Receives PhD in Cultural Anthropology from the University of Washington
1990s -- Research Assistant Professor, Anthropology Department, University of Washington
1992-1995 -- Principal Investigator on the "Sivuqaghhmiit Traditions and Culture: Values for Survival in a Changing World" project
1995-1997 -- Principal Investigator on the "Yupik Women: Narratives of Eskimo Women's Lives" project
1997-2000 -- Principal Investigator on the "Yupik Women, Yupik Families: A Comparative Study of Siberian Yupik and St. Lawrence Island Yupik Eskimo Family Life"
1997-2001 -- Research Associate, Visiting Assistant Professor,Anthropology, Indiana University-Purdue University at Indianapolis
2001-2002 -- Mentor for the National Science Foundation's Teachers Experiencing Antarctica and the Arctic (TEA)
2001-2006 -- Principal Investigator on the "Collaborative Research-Change and Its Impact on Culture, Economy and Identity in Three North Bering Strait Alaskan Inupiat Societies: Diomede, King Island, Wales" project
2002 -- Publishes Faith, Food, and Family in a Yupik Whaling Community with Elinor Mikaghaq Oozeva
2006-2007 -- Principal Investigator on the "Assessing Alaskan Yup'ik Community Interest in a Dental Health Initiative" project
2006-2009 -- Principal Investigator on the "Ethnographic Approaches to Alaska Native Health Disparities Research" project
2008-2013 -- Principal Investigator on the "Inupiaq Landscapes and Architecture: Preserving Alaska Native Community Histories" project
2013 -- Retires
2013 -- Research Associate Professor, faculty emerita, Anthropology, University of Washington
The papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by Carol Jolles between 2014 and 2022.
Access to portions of the collection may be restricted, due to the presence of personally identifiable information (PII). Access is subject to approval by the Smithsonian Institution's Institutional Review Board (IRB). Please contact the National Anthropological Archives for further information.
This collection of copy negatives was taken approximately between 1896 and 1920 by the Lomen Brothers Studio among Inuit communities in Canada and Inupiaq communities in Alaska. Photographers include the Lomen brothers and Albert D. Kinne (1835-1925).
Scope and Contents:
This collection is currently unprocessed. Copy negatives include N35405–N35477.
Arranged by catalog number.
Biographical / Historical:
The Lomen Brothers Co. Was a photography studio founded in Nome, Alaska in 1908 by brothers Carl, Harry, Alfred, and Ralph Lomen. Gudbrand J. Lomen originally came to Nome, Alaska with his son George as part of the 1900 gold rush. G.J. Lomen soon established a profitable law practice in Nome. In 1903, G.J. Lomen's wife, daughter Helen, and sons Ralph, Harry and Alfred moved from Minnesota to join him in Nome. G.J. Lomen's son George arrived in Nome in 1906, opening a men's furnishing store in 1907. The family was involved in many commercial and civic interests including law, the Lomen Reindeer Corporation, lighterage, and retail.
In 1908, the brothers bought a photographic studio. Carl, Harry, Alfred, and Ralph Lomen were partners in the business. Harry managed the studio, and all four took photographs; however, Alfred became the most avid photographer. As part of their photography business, the Lomens regularly purchased the negatives of several other photographers including Dobbs, Nowell, Goetze and Kinne to be reissued under the Lomen Brothers Co. studio name. Their photographs focused on a variety of subjects related to Nome and the surrounding areas, including Nome mining operations, business in Nome, dogsled teams, ships and boats, aviation, and indigenous communities throughout Alaska and Canada.
In September 1934, a fire destroyed their studio along with 25,000-30,000 negatives and 50,000 commercial prints. Approximately 3,000 negatives were salvaged. The Lomens never reopened their photography business. By the 1940s they had all moved to Seattle, Washington, where George died in 1934, Alfred in 1950, Harry in 1957, and Carl in 1965.
Adapted from Archives West, Orbis Cascade Alliance.
Photographs received and copied from the Glenbow Museum in a 1967 exchange.
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Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to email@example.com. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's
and NMAI Archive Center's
Digital Image request
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Lomen Brothers Studio copy negatives from Alaska and Canada, image #, NMAI.AC.164; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.