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Five of America's Most Invincible Hotels

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Fri, 11 Jun 2021 17:04:43 +0000
Topic:
Custom RSS  Search this
See more posts:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_f90f1d179cf97cc8c2bab198bf554a1a

Pentagon fire truck panel

Title:
Pentagon fire truck panel
Measurements:
overall: 40 in x 29 in x 11 in; 101.6 cm x 73.69988 cm x 27.99994 cm
Object Name:
Truck Panel
Used:
United States: Virginia, Pentagon
Subject:
September 11 Terrorist Attacks  Search this
Related event:
September 11th Attacks  Search this
ID Number:
2003.0060.01
Accession number:
2003.0060
Catalog number:
2003.0060.01
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, 9/11
September 11
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746aa-570e-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1193845

Pentagon firefighter's gear

Title:
Pentagon firefighter's gear
Measurements:
overall: 31 1/2 in x 23 in; 80.01 cm x 58.42 cm
Object Name:
Fireman's Coat
Worn:
United States: Virginia, Pentagon
Subject:
September 11 Terrorist Attacks  Search this
Related event:
September 11th Attacks  Search this
ID Number:
2003.0060.02
Accession number:
2003.0060
Catalog number:
2003.0060.02
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, 9/11
September 11
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746aa-5441-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1194223

Pentagon firefighter's gear

Title:
Pentagon firefighter's gear
Measurements:
overall: 40 1/2 in x 23 in; 102.87 cm x 58.42 cm
Object Name:
Fireman's Trousers
Worn:
United States: Virginia, Pentagon
Subject:
September 11 Terrorist Attacks  Search this
Related event:
September 11th Attacks  Search this
ID Number:
2003.0060.03
Accession number:
2003.0060
Catalog number:
2003.0060.03
See more items in:
Political and Military History: Armed Forces History, 9/11
September 11
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ab-ecb0-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1194224

Microscope

Maker:
McIntosh Battery & Optical Co.  Search this
Physical Description:
brass (overall material)
glass (overall material)
metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 40.1 cm x 17.5 cm x 22.2 cm; 15 13/16 in x 6 7/8 in x 8 3/4 in
Object Name:
microscope
Place made:
United States: Illinois, Chicago
Date made:
ca 1890
Subject:
Science & Scientific Instruments  Search this
Credit Line:
Dr. Robert J. Frost
ID Number:
1984.1074.01.01
Catalog number:
1984.1074.01
Accession number:
1984.1074
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Science & Mathematics
Microscopes
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ac-9bdb-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1348560

dress, 1-piece

Maker:
Charles James  Search this
James, Charles  Search this
Designer:
Charles James  Search this
Used by:
Logan, Rebecca Pollard Guggenheim  Search this
Object Name:
Dress, 1-Piece
Other Terms:
Dress, 1-Piece; Entire Body; Main Dress; Female
Made in:
United States: New York, New York City
Used in:
United States: District of Columbia, Washington
Date made:
1953
Subject:
Inaugurations  Search this
Related event:
Presidential Inauguration of 1953  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Rebecca Pollard Logan
ID Number:
1979.0068.001
Accession number:
1979.0068
Catalog number:
1979.0068.001
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Costume
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a7-1e56-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_372247

Lockheed Vega 5B, Amelia Earhart

Pilot:
Amelia Earhart  Search this
Manufacturer:
Lockheed Aircraft Company  Search this
Materials:
Fuselage: wooden monocoque
Wings: wooden cantilever
Dimensions:
Wingspan: 12.49 m (41ft.)
Length: 8.38 m (27ft. 6in.)
Height: 2.49 m (8ft. 2in.)
Weight: Empty 748kg. (1,650lbs.)
Gross: 1,315-1,450kg. (2,900-3,200lbs.)
Type:
CRAFT-Aircraft
Country of Origin:
United States of America
Date:
1927-1929
Credit Line:
Gift of the Franklin Institute
Inventory Number:
A19670093000
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Location:
Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA
Hangar:
Mary Baker Engen Restoration Hangar
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv908b322a7-9925-4071-b2b2-26a162dc0fce
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19670093000

Oral history interview with Edward Fowles

Interviewee:
Fowles, Edward, 1885?-1971  Search this
Interviewer:
Morse, John D., 1906-  Search this
Names:
Duveen Brothers  Search this
Extent:
1 Sound tape reel (Sound recording, 7 in.)
19 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound tape reels
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1959 Aug. 21
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Edward Fowles conducted by John D. Morse on 1959 Aug. 21 for the Archives of American Art.
Fowles speaks of his youth in England, how he came to work for Duveen Brothers, collectors he knew, and his experiences as an art dealer. Fowles also discusses art criticism, the art market, and trends in art collecting.
Biographical / Historical:
Art dealer; New York, N.Y. Fowles directed the Paris branch of Duveen Brothers from 1917 to 1938, then purchased the firm from Lord Duveen in 1939 with two partners. By 1958 he had bought out his partners. Fowles was vice president of the gallery from 1938 to 1945, when he became president. In 1964, he sold the firm to the Norton Simon Foundation.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Occupation:
Art dealers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Gallery owners -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.fowles59
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-fowles59

Statement ending the United States State Department discriminatory treatement of same-sex couples, President Barack Obama

Series Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Archives Center  Search this
Series Donor:
Gay Officers Action League. GOAL  Search this
Becker, John M.  Search this
Gay Officers Action League. GOAL  Search this
Heritage of Pride (HOP)  Search this
Rohrbaugh, Richard  Search this
Series Creator:
Hirsch, Leonard  Search this
Guest, Barbara  Search this
Barna, Joseph T.  Search this
Guest, Michael E.  Search this
Container:
Box 38, Folder 24
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
2009 June 17
Series Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.

Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow.

Do not use original materials when available on reference video or audio tapes.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Collection
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Collection / Series 18: Guest, Michael E.
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1146-ref1503

Huebner, David

Series Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Archives Center  Search this
Series Donor:
Gay Officers Action League. GOAL  Search this
Becker, John M.  Search this
Gay Officers Action League. GOAL  Search this
Heritage of Pride (HOP)  Search this
Rohrbaugh, Richard  Search this
Series Creator:
Hirsch, Leonard  Search this
Guest, Barbara  Search this
Barna, Joseph T.  Search this
Guest, Michael E.  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
2009-2014
Scope and Contents:
This series contains two United States diplomatic passports for Ambassador David Huebner, Ambassadour to New Zealand and Samoa from 2009-2014, and his husband, Dr. Duane E. McWaine and four challenge coins issued by Ambassadour Huebner during his time in office. Huebner was nominated to the post by President Obama in October 2009. He was confirmed by the United States Senate in November 2009. During his confirmation hearing before the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, Huebner introduced his partner of twenty years, Dr. Duane E. McWaine; the hearing was held on the couple's 20th wedding anniversary, which Huebner acknowledged in his remarks. He was the first openly gay ambassdor in the Obama administration and the third openly gay ambassador in United States history. Huebner was sworn in by Vice President Joseph Biden in December 2009. Dr. McWaine is the first same-sex spouse of an ambassador to be identified as a spouse in his passport.

This addendum also includes four challenge coins issued during Huebner's term of office. "A challenge coin is a small coin or medallion (usually military), bearing an organization's insignia or emblem and carried by the organization's members. Traditionally, they are given to prove membership when challenged and to enhance morale. In addition, they are also collected by service members. In practice, challenge coins are normally presented by unit commanders in recognition of special achievement by a member of the unit. They are also exchanged in recognition of visits to an organization." (Wikipedia, accessed 2014 July 8.) The coins commemorate the 70th anniversary of U.S. and New Zealand bilaterial relations; 175 years of U.S. diplomatic presence in New Zealand (picturing Jame Reddy Clendon, Eleanor Roosevelt, and Rangitiaria Dennan); Samoa decorated with the U.S., Samoan, and Rainbow flags on the reverse; and New Zealand, decorated with the U.S., New Zealand, and Rainbow flags on the reverse.
Series Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.

Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow.

Do not use original materials when available on reference video or audio tapes.
Series Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Series Citation:
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1146, Series 12
See more items in:
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1146-ref961

Garland Fulton Collection

Creator:
Fulton, Garland, 1890-1974  Search this
Names:
United States. Navy -- General subdivision--Aviation  Search this
Extent:
20.8 Cubic feet (45 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Memorandums
Photographs
Technical reports
Date:
1914-1964
bulk 1918-1945
Summary:
The Garland Fulton Collection consists of material gathered by Captain Garland Fulton.
Scope and Contents:
The Garland Fulton Collection consists of material gathered by Captain Garland Fulton, USN (1890-1975), naval officer and proponent of lighter than air (LTA) flight. The collection was originally donated by Fulton's estate to the U.S. Naval Historical Foundation of Washington D.C. in 1979, and was transferred to the National Air and Space Museum as a permanent deposit in 1982. The collection was formally donated to NASM in May of 2000. Comprising 16 cubic feet, the Fulton Papers includes correspondence and memoranda regarding the US Navy's LTA program from the 1920s to the beginnings of the expansion of the Navy's LTA program prior to World War II. There is also extensive material on Naval airship policy, and on defense policy between the world wars. As head of the Lighter-Than-Air Design Section of the Bureau of Aeronautics, Fulton was an insider in the art of defense procurement and spending --his memoranda and letters provide an illuminating look into defense policy and congressional affairs between the World Wars. Of particular interest is Fulton's correspondence from his service as Inspector of Naval Aircraft during the construction of the USS Los Angeles in Friedrichshafen, Germany, 1922-1924. His correspondence with other leading figures in LTA and naval affairs --William A. Moffett, Ernest J. King, Jerome Hunsaker, Karl Arnstein, Hugo Eckener, F.W. von Meister, and Charles E. Rosendahl are an invaluable resource of the heroic period of airship development.

The collection also includes technical data on airships, airship design, and naval architecture. There are many photographs, including photos documenting the construction of the Los Angeles.

The collection includes books on lighter-than-air history naval history, and engineering. A number of the books have been transferred to the NASM branch of the Smithsonian Institution Libraries; others were transferred with the permission of the Fulton family to other institutions. Several books with personal inscriptions were retained with the collection.

The collection also includes a series of photographs of airships, including many detailing the construction and first flight of the Los Angeles.
Arrangement:
The Garland Fulton Collection is arranged in the following series:

Series I: Personal Files, Correspondence, Fulton's Writings

Subseries 1 --Biography, personal papers

Subseries 2 --Correspondence

Subseries 3 --Papers, articles, and notes by Garland Fulton

Series II: Lighter Than Air (LTA)

Subseries 1 --Navy airships; Navy LTA policy and doctrine

Subseries 2 --Civilian and foreign airships

Subseries 3 --LTA, general

Subseries 4 --LTA articles, papers and data

Subseries 5 --LTA general publications

Subseries 6 --LTA gases

Series III: Aeronautics, general

Series IV: Publications, Papers, Reports, Journals

Subseries 1 --Arranged by organization and/or individuals

Subseries 2 --Technical papers, reports, journals

Subseries 3 --Magazines, journals, papers, reports

Subseries 4 --Newspapers, clippings

Series V: US Navy, general

Series VI: Miscellaneous documents

Series VII: Photographs

Series VIII: Books

Series IX: Oversized Material
Biographical / Historical:
Captain Garland Fulton, USN, one of the U.S. Navy's leading proponents of lighter-than-air (LTA) flight, was born in University, Mississippi on May 6, 1890. He was appointed to the U.S. Naval Academy in 1908. His roommate at the Academy was Richard E. Byrd (1888-1957), and another classmate was Donald W. Douglas, later founder of the Douglas Aircraft Company. Serving at the Academy during Fulton's career as a midshipman was Lieutenant Ernest J. King, later head of the Bureau of Aeronautics (BuAer), 1933-1937, and Commander in Chief, U.S. Fleet (COMINCH) during World War II. An early advocate of naval aviation, King sparked Fulton's interest in aeronautics. Fulton graduated from the Naval Academy in 1912. Following duty with the fleet, Fulton attended the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), studying naval architecture and, under Commander (and Dr.) Jerome C. Hunsaker, aeronautical engineering. Fulton received his master's degree in 1916. Fulton entered the Naval Construction Corps in 1915, serving in the Industrial Department at the New York Navy Yard, where, during World War I, he was in charge of mounting guns on armed merchant ships. In May 1918, Fulton asked to be assigned to aeronautical engineering duties in the Aviation Section of the Navy's Bureau of Construction and Repair. Fulton transferred to the Bureau of Aeronautics when that organization was founded in 1921. In 1922, now a lieutenant commander, Fulton was sent to Europe to assist in the negotiations for the purchase of the "Reparations Airship" to replace the German rigid airships that had been awarded to the United States by the Versailles Treaty but were destroyed by their crews before transfer to the US. As Inspector of Naval Aircraft (INA), Fulton served at the Zeppelin works (Luftschiffbau-Zeppelin) at Friedrichshafen, Germany during the construction and flight trials of the rigid airship LZ 126. Assigned the service designation ZR-3, the airship was christened the USS Los Angeles upon its delivery to the US Navy at the Lakehurst Naval Air Station, NJ in 1924. Fulton resumed his service at the Bureau of Aeronautics in Washington DC after the completion of Los Angeles. As head of the Bureau's Lighter-Than-Air Design Section until his retirement, Fulton oversaw the design and construction of the USS Akron (ZRS-4) and the USS Macon (ZRS-5), and worked actively to help further the acceptance of large airships in both the Navy and in commerce. Under Fulton's guidance, expansion of the Navy's non-rigid airship (blimp) program was initiated in the years prior to the United States' entry into World War II.

Garland Fulton retired from the Navy with the rank of captain in 1940 and joined the Cramp Shipbuilding Company of Philadelphia as a director. After retirement from Cramps as vice president in charge of engineering in 1947, Fulton served on several corporate boards of directors. In later years, Fulton was a frequent unofficial consultant to the Navy and industry on LTA issues. He continued to correspond with other participants of the airship age, including Admiral Thomas G.W. "Tex" Settle, Admiral C.E. Rosendahl, Commodore George H. Mills (NASM Collection 1994-0022), Jerome C. Hunsaker (NASM Collection XXXX-0001), Karl Arnstein, and F.W. "Willy" von Meister. As the dean of American airshipmen, Fulton frequently served as a source of information to airship historians like Douglas Robinson, Richard Smith, Robin Hingham, and William Althoff. Fulton wrote extensively on LTA and aeronautical history, and planned to write a history of U.S. Naval Aviation until prevented by failing health. Garland Fulton died on October 24, 1974 --the same day as his friend George Mills. They were buried on the same day in Arlington National Cemetery.
Provenance:
Naval Aviation History Foundation, Gift, 1981
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at http://airandspace.si.edu/permissions
Topic:
USS Los Angeles ( ZR-3)  Search this
Aeronautics  Search this
USS Akron (ZRS-4)  Search this
Airships  Search this
USS Macon (ZRS-5)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Memorandums
Photographs
Technical reports
Citation:
Garland Fulton Collection, Accession XXXX-0101, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0101
See more items in:
Garland Fulton Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0101
Online Media:

Aldie -- Stoke

Former owner:
Harris, Eleanor Truax, 1868-1937  Search this
Harris, Floyd  Search this
Provenance:
Fauquier and Loudoun Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Stoke (Aldie, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Loudoun County -- Aldie
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and a brief description of the gardens from 1921.
General:
The garden has a broad lawn leading to the Mediterranean style house, alongside of which is an arcade of pillars with trellises, fronted by a flower border. There are flagstone and brick walkways and a balustrade wall. A formal flower garden is planted in bordered beds with a hedge surrounding it.
The property was purchased by Colonel Floyd Harris, a wealthy sportsman, in 1907. His wife, Eleanor Truax Harris was the first president of the Aldie Horticultural Society, founded in 1923. She developed a daffodil variety named "Stoke" after her home. The Garden Club of Virginia established a perpetual award in her honor in 1937, named the Eleanor Truax Harris Challenge Cups, which are awarded annually in three categories (Daffodil, Rose or Lily).
Persons associated with the garden include Colonel Floyd Harris and Eleanor Truax Harris (former owners, 1907-1937).
Related Materials:
Stoke related holdings consist of 1 folder (7 3 x 4 in. glass lantern slides)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Aldie  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA034
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18785

Middletown -- Belle Grove Plantation

Former owner:
Hite, Isaac, Jr  Search this
Hunnewell, F. W. (Francis Welles)  Search this
Brumback family  Search this
Restoration landscape architect:
Favretti, Rudy J.  Search this
Owner:
National Trust for Historic Preservation in the United States  Search this
Creator:
Garden Club of Virginia  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Belle Grove (Middletown, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Frederick County -- Middletown
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and photocopies of articles about the property.
General:
Major Isaac Hite Jr., who fought with the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War, and his first wife Eleanor (Nelly) Conway Madison, a sister of President James Madison, built the Federal style house beginning in 1794, using limestone quarried on the 483 acre property. The landscape plan included groves of trees for shade and was influenced by the less formal 18th century English gardens that complement rather than contrast with the natural setting. The fields would have been planted in grain for livestock, including cattle and Merino sheep. During Hite's lifetime the property was expanded to 7,500 acres and included a distillery and several mills. The house has a south façade of dressed limestone, and is in the pavilion style favored by Thomas Jefferson. There are several outbuildings. The only records of the garden show light foundation plantings around the house and a latticework fence.
During the Civil War, Belle Grove Plantation was the setting of the Battle of Cedar Creek on October 19, 1864, in which Union General Philip Sheridan defeated Confederate General Jubal Early.
The Brumback family owned the property from 1907 to 1929. Francis Welles Hunnewell purchased the property in 1929 and bequeathed it to the National Trust for Historic Preservation in 1964.
In 1983, the Garden Club of Virginia voted to restore the gardens at Belle Grove Plantation, using funds raised in their annual garden walks. The gardens were restored to the style of circa 1820. University of Connecticut Professor Emeritus Rudy J. Favretti (Fellow in the American Society of Landscape Architects) designed the restoration. Restoration included pruning the trees to restore light to the house and open the view of the Blue Ridge and Allegheny Mountains and replacing the large foundation plantings including diseased boxwoods with low-growing plants. In addition, an overgrown herb garden was converted to a demonstration garden comprised of plants used in cooking, medicine and commerce in the 19th century, with restored latticework fencing on three sides and post and rail fencing on the fourth side.
Belle Grove Plantation, now 283 acres, is operated by the National Trust for Historic Preservation and open to the public. Sites on the grounds include the ice house, old hall, dairy, smokehouse, blacksmiths shop, demonstration garden, slave cemetery, and agricultural fields. There is also a library of local, architectural, crafts and agricultural history, and an artifacts collection.
Persons associated with the property include Major Isaac Hite (former owner, 1794-1836) and descendents of the Hite family, the Brumback family (former owner, 1907-1929), Francis Welles Hunnewell (former owner, 1929), Rudy J. Favretti (1983, restoration landscape architect) and the National Trust for Historic Preservation (owner, 1964-present)
Related Materials:
Belle Grove Plantation related holdings consist of 2 folders (1 3 x 4 in. lantern slide and 3 35mm slides)
See also the National Trust for Historic Preservation.
See others in:
Hollerith Collection, ca. 1970?
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Middletown  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA094
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18856

Orange -- Windholme Farm

Provenance:
Dolley Madison Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Windholme Farm (Orange, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Orange -- Orange
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets, photocopies of articles, and real estate announcements.
General:
The 238 acres of Windholm Farm were part of a grant given to John Scott in 1730, with an original section of the main house dating to 1729. It is one of two houses in Orange County that sate from the 1720s. Originally known as Clifton, Windholme was the home of the Scott family from the 1720s until the 1920s. The Virginia property was purchased in 1947 by Harry Peters whose mother was the President of the Garden Club of America from 1944-1947. At one time the property featured three bomb shelters and were large enough to accomodate Mr. Peters' staff. Peters also had an aviary in what is now a garden shed.
The current gardens feature boxwood topiaries and hedges, brick terraces with small fountains, many ornamental trees, and several millstones and sculptures. The octagon is a design element used in an open brick terrace and for a small pond with a fountain set in another shady brick terrace. There are brick walkways leading to the house and connecting the outdoor entertaining areas.
Persons associated with the garden include John Scott and descendants (former owners, 1730-1928); Harry Peters, Jr. (former owner, 1947-1984); Helen Smith (former owner, 1984-1997); Shawn Daily (former owner, 1997-2002).
Related Materials:
Windholme Farm related holdings consist of 1 folder (9 35mm slides; 16 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Orange  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA404
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18872
Online Media:

Richmond -- Robin Hill

Former owner:
Patterson, Malvern Courtney  Search this
Patterson, Malvern Courtney Mrs.  Search this
Willingham, William A.  Search this
Willingham, William A., Mrs.  Search this
Harrison, Robert  Search this
Harrison, Robert Mrs.  Search this
Rawles, James W.  Search this
Rawles, James W. Mrs.  Search this
Provenance:
James River Garden Club  Search this
Garden restoration:
Garden Graces  Search this
Terraforma  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Robin Hill (Richmond, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Henrico -- Richmond
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and other historical information.
General:
The brick walled formal garden rooms within the 4.5 acre property Robin Hill pay homage to the gardens created on this site by earlier owners - but not until the current owners undertook significant recovery and restoration. In 1915 there was a one hundred acre farm known as Hillcrest with a Tudor style mansion overlooking the James River and historic Kanawha Canal. The pleasure gardens were laid out on crossing axes with brick paths and statuary placed in niches, in the style of the country place movement of the early 20th century. Much of the land was sold to developers as the city of Richmond grew, and the property was reduced to seven acres. During a subsequent owners' forty year tenure the façade of the house was transformed to look like a farmhouse, using brick and white stucco. Brick walls, paths and edging were added as well as truckloads of enormous trees and new garden beds and borders, and another 2.5 acres were sold. But despite prodigious planting the gardens were not tended and many mature trees and shrubs were choked out by English ivy and other vines. It was left to the current owners to dig out the overgrowth, rediscovering the hardscape structure and features of the garden rooms, and to restore crumbling brick walls and arches. New plantings replaced old yews, hollies, camellias, magnolias and other trees and shrubs as necessary, and perennial and annual flowers, particularly white flowers, were added.
The garden rooms at Robin Hill lie to the south of the house and terrace with distinct lawns enclosed by mixed evergreen and deciduous borders and a hedge of mature camellia sasanqua. Alongside the largest upper lawn but separated from the lawn by a brick wall there are ten rectangular beds planted with perennial and annual flowers that spill over the irregular bluestone or basket weave brick walkways. A concrete birdbath sits in the center of these garden beds on the axis that crosses the upper central lawn and leads to a pavilion, approached via a brick walkway between hedges of hydrangea and camellia. To one side of this cross axis there is an American holly grove while on the other side there is a woodland and small pond. At the far end of the lower central lawn on the main axis there is a wall fountain and pool with a gazebo set to one side. The axial design and plant materials used in the gardens of Hillcrest and Robin Hill suggest that landscape architects Warren Manning and Charles Gillette may have worked on this property but no conclusive records have been found.
The James River Garden Club was established in 1915 during meetings at Hillcrest, and owner Juanita Massie Patterson served as its first president. The club dedicated their 1923 book Historic Gardens of Virginia to Mrs. Patterson.
Digital images include copies of lithographs from a 1940s book owned by Mrs. William A. Willingham.
Persons associated with the garden include: Mr. and Mrs. Malvern Courtney Patterson (former owners, 1905-circa 1930); Mr. and Mrs. William A. Willingham (former owners, circa 1930-1947); Mr. and Mrs. Robert Harrison (former owners, 1947-1989); Mr. and Mrs. James W. Rawles (former owners, 1989-1991); Garden Graces (garden restoration, 2011-2012); Terraforma (garden restoration, 2011-2012).
Related Materials:
Robin Hill related holdings consist of 1 folder (35 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Richmond  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA450
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18900

Louisa County -- Woodberry Forest

Former owner:
Walker, Joseph, Mrs  Search this
Madison, William  Search this
Walker, John Scott  Search this
Walker, Robert Stringfellow  Search this
Walker, Joseph G.  Search this
Architect:
Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826  Search this
Provenance:
Dolley Madison Garden Club  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Woodberry Forest (Louisa County, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Louisa County
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes a copy of a chapter on Woodberry Forest from "Homes and Gardens in Old Virginia," edited by Frances Archer Christian and Susanne Williams Massie and a copy of the National Park Service's "Journey Through Hallowed Ground" online description of The Residence.
General:
Woodberry Forest in Louisa County, Virginia was built in ca.1793. It was originally the estate of William Madison, member of the Virginia House of Delegates for seven consecutive terms and brother of President James Madison. In 1793 James Madison asked Thomas Jefferson to supply plans for a house for his brother. Jefferson, a close friend of the president, suggested a floor plan for a seven-room house in a geometric configuration that is a hallmark of Jefferson's residential design. James Madison later wrote to Jefferson saying that William had adopted the plans. No Jefferson drawings have been positively identified as the Madison design, but the correspondence authenticates the Jefferson connection. The original, unacademic two-column portico suggests, however, that Jefferson was not involved in the execution.
In 1870 the property was purchased by Robert Stringfellow Walker, who remodeled the house in 1884. It was here that Walker founded Woodberry Forest School in 1889, naming it after the Madison plantation. The house was renamed the Residence and became the headmaster's house.
Related Materials:
Woodberry Forest related holdings consist of 2 folder (3 glass lantern slides)
See others in:
Woodberry Forest, ca. 1930.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Louisa County  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA099
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18957

Orange -- Taylor Park

Provenance:
Dolley Madison Garden Club  Search this
Former owner:
Orange County Bicentennial Commission  Search this
Taylor Spotswood Memorial Foundation, Inc.  Search this
Owner:
Town of Orange  Search this
Creator:
The Resources Group  Search this
Landscape architect:
Johnson, Ben  Search this
Fraser, Robert  Search this
James, John F.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
United States of America -- Virginia -- Orange -- Orange
Taylor Park (Orange, Virginia)
Scope and Contents:
2 folders and 25 digital images.
General:
Now a public park comprised of walled gardens, memorial plaques, sculpture and open space for town events including the annual Christmas tree the approximately one acre site was developed beginning in 1978. Land was donated to contain memorials for notable colonial Virginians: Colonel James Taylor II and his wife Martha Thompson, who were the great-grandparents of President James Madison, and Lieutenant Governor and explorer Alexander Spotswood (1676-1740). Members of The Dolley Madison Garden Club were instrumental in funding and overseeing the design, donating and planting trees and 4,000 bulbs, and for ongoing upkeep of the gardens every Wednesday for ten years. The Main Street plaza is paved with brick and has brick walls, metal benches, a central round fountain, seasonal planters, ten willow oak trees and a raised bed with dogwood and spring bulbs. Curvilinear gravel paths lead through the Perennial garden planted with ground covers, shrubs and trees. Trees include river birch, hemlock, native and kousa dogwood, tulip poplar, magnolia, red oak, and redbud. Shrubs include azalea, rhododendron, barberry, various hydrangeas, and knock out roses. High brick walls screen out noise and enhance privacy. The Spotswood memorial plaza has plaques on a high brick wall detailing Spotswood's expeditions into the unexplored West and a metal sculpture. There is open space for community gatherings and events, shaded by amur maackia trees. A path through a mounded area planted with large evergreens and understory leads to the South garden, site of the annual community Christmas tree. There is a large metal sculpture of the word LOVE by local blacksmith Stokes of England, a promotion for tourism in the state.

Persons associated with the garden include: Orange County Bicentennial Commission (former owner, 1974- ); Taylor Spotswood Memorial Foundation, Inc. (former owner, 1984- ); Town of Orange (owner, 1997- ); The Resources Group (preliminary park design concept, 1974); Ben Johnson and Robert Fraser, (landscape architects of schematic park design, 1978); John F. James (landscape architect for proposed repaving plan, 2013).
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Orange  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA492
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref32882

Dallas -- Mulford Family Garden, The

Landscape architect:
Page, Benjamin G. Jr  Search this
Fields, Paul  Search this
Provenance:
Founders Garden Club of Dallas  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
The Mulford Family Garden (Dallas, Texas)
United States of America -- Texas -- Dallas
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and plans.
General:
The Mulford Family Garden, located on two acres, was purchased in 1998 by the current owner. At the time, the house was surrounded by giant oak trees and a garden had so completely overgrown that the creek was not visible. The owners envisioned its potential and hired Nashville landscape architect Benjamin G. Page, Jr. (ASLA) to design an extensive garden renovation.The garden is now a special refuge for wildlife and a place of adventure and discovery for their children and their friends. Features include a tree house, forts and secret paths cut behind the hedges. The design incorporated the view of the creek, but rather than make it the focal point of the garden its view is meant to be a surprise. The final landscaping phase was the construction of a bridge to connect the property to the home of the owner's sister across the creek. Each summer, the property serves as a day camp for about fifty young children, organized in different areas of the garden.
Other properties designed by Benjamin Page include the residence of the Vice President of the United States at the Naval Observatory in Washington, D.C., The Dixon Gallery and Gardens in Memphis, Tennessee. The design for the Mulford house was implemented by Paul Fields (ASLA), President and Director of Design for Lambert's Landscape Company of Dallas.
Persons associated with the garden include Benjamin G Page, Jr. (landscape architect, 1998), Paul Fields (landscape architect, 2000),Schoelkopf family (1933), Shelby family (dates unknown) and Perrin family (dates unknown).
Related Materials:
The Mulford Family Garden related holdings consist of 1 folder (27 35 mm. slides (photographs) + 1 photographic print)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Texas -- Dallas  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File TX095
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Texas
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref13482
Online Media:

Houston -- Schlumberger Garden

Landscape architect:
Fleming, C. C. Pat, d. 1996  Search this
Thompson & Hanson  Search this
Architect:
Eubanks, Edwin A.  Search this
Landscape designer:
Carmichael, Nona  Search this
Provenance:
Garden Club of Houston  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Schlumberger Garden (Houston, Texas)
United States of America -- Texas -- Houston
Scope and Contents:
The folders include worksheets, articles, and an update sheet.
General:
Situated on approximately three-quarters of an acre, this property features a series of garden rooms designed by landscape architect C.C. "Pat" Fleming. When the Tudor style home was purchased by former owners in 1980 Fleming was engaged to design the graceful sequence of spaces that as of 2012 remain preserved by the present owners. The original landscape design featured a rose garden at the front of the property, situated on the edge of an azalea framed motor court, as well as a large walled garden comprised of flagstone terraces, a secret garden, a crapemyrtle allée, and a formal pool garden
True to the original design, azaleas feature prominently in the landscape, as do roses and flowering trees. Star jasmine and climbing roses continue to grow on an arbor designed by architect Edwin A. Eubanks which presides over the formal pool garden. As the landscape has aged, the present owners have allowed the garden to evolve while respectfully maintaining the spirit of Fleming's original design. The crapemyrtle have given way to better highlight a crabapple, the many azalea, which had grown quite large, have been reigned in to allow other plantings to shine. A boxwood parterre, a cutting garden, and an herb garden have been added.
An update of the garden documentation was provided in 2012.
Persons associated with the garden include: Mr. and Mrs. E. A. Showers (former owners, circa 1935-1949); Mr. and Mrs. Morgan Davis (former owners, 1949-1980); Mr. and Mrs. Pierre Marcel "Pete" Schlumberger (former owners, 1980-1994); Cameron Fairchild (architect, ca. 1935); C.C. Pat Fleming (landscape architect, 1980); Edwin A. Eubanks (architect, 1984); and Nona Carmichael of Thompson+Hansen (landscape architect, ca. 1995-present).
Related Materials:
Schlumberger Garden related holdings consist of 2 folders (12 35 mm slides (photographs); 1 photographic print)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Texas -- Houston  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File TX046
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Texas
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref13506

Newport -- Wild Moor

Provenance:
Newport Garden Club  Search this
Photographer:
Whitney, Kate Lucey (Kathryn Lucey)  Search this
Palmer, Thomas  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
United States of America -- Rhode Island -- Newport County -- Newport
Wild Moor (Newport, Rhode Island)
Scope and Contents:
20 digital images and 1 folder.
General:
Established in 1887, Wild Moor (also known as Berry Hill) is a woodland and natural landscape planted with native species on 22 acres. It has been in the same family for over 100 years and is protected by a land trust by new owners. Wild Moor sits on the second highest point on Aquidneck Island, overlooking Narragansett Bay, the Newport Country Club, and before the extensive planting of trees, the town of Newport and its harbor.

The garden was cultivated by the first owners, Walter and Mary Howe. Water penned a book of essays titled, 'The Garden.' After Walter's death Mary married Arnold Hague, a geologist and amateur botanist. She attended botany courses at Columbia University and the couple began to plant specimen trees, shrubs, fern landscapes, a rock garden, swaths of crocus, trout lilies and narcissus. The added acreage and constructed a tennis court, greenhouses, stone garden sheds and a rose house.

Mary Howe Hague was the first president of the Newport Garden Club. Club members were invited to the property's spring flowering in 1914 and it was open to visits by members throughout the family's ownership of the estate.

Donald MacKay Fraser, a coachman promoted to gardener, oversaw Berry Hill from 1932 to 1976. A Scottish immigrant, he was not trained in horticulture, but overtime became a knowledgeable gardener who sought advice from other gardeners including other Scots working on Newport's grand estates. MacKay's era saw the gradual clearing of the land and construction of structures including a stonewall-enclosed "Little Garden," "Loch Fraser," a catchment pond, the "Shanty," a wooden shed perched atop fitted with a small fireplace and baby grand piano for Mary Carlisle Howe, an accomplished composer and one of the founders of the National Symphony Orchestra.

The property was sold in 2020 and renamed Wild Moor, the windswept garden, with mossy dells, rock-strewn lawns and panoramic vistas.

Persons associated with the property include: Walter and Mary Ann Bruce Howe (former owner, 1887); Walter Bruce Howe (former owner, 1923); Mary C. Howe (former owner, 1954); Bruce Howe (former owner, 1959); Berry Hill Nominee Trust (former owner, 1992); Samuel Parsons (unknown role, 1887); Frederick Law Olmsted (landscape architect of subdivision/sited the house); McKim, Mead, and White? (architect); Michael Carney (head gardener, 1889-1908); William Richardson (head gardener, 1909-1919); Charles Clark (head gardener, 1920-1930); Frederick S. Franco (head gardener, 1931-1932); Donald Fraser (coachman and gardener, superintendent/horticulture, 1933-1975); John Salvador (head gardener, 1976-1992); Keith Hayward (head gardener, 1993-present); Howe family (garden designers).

Records related to the overall subdivision in which this property is located may be found at the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site, Olmsted Job Number 00681, King-Glover Lands.
Related Materials:
See the 'Flora and Fauna of Berry Hill' at the Redwood Library and Athenaeum.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Rhode Island -- Newport  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File RI215
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Rhode Island
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref33215

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