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Indian prisoners at Fort Marion

Creator:
The Florida Club of St. Augustine, Florida  Search this
Names:
Pratt, Richard Henry, 1840-1924  Search this
Collection Collector:
Allen, George V.  Search this
Extent:
1 Stereograph (7 x 4 in.)
Culture:
American Indian -- Fort Marion (Florida)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Stereographs
Scope and Contents:
Group photograph of Indians of various tribes. The item is identical to numbers 329 and 331 of Photo Lot 90-1.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.09955700
Other Title:
St. Augustine Series (?)
"A picture of the Indian cut throats and scalpers who were confined in the Old Spanish Fort as prisoners of war by the United States government."
Place:
Florida -- Fort Marion
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 90-1, George V. Allen collection of photographs of Native Americans and the American frontier, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
George V. Allen photograph collection of photographs of Native Americans and the American frontier
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw381ece177-7a29-49a6-968c-e4b9163bbcf8
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-90-1-ref1778

"Indians at Fort Marion"

Creator:
The Florida Club of St. Augustine, Florida  Search this
Names:
Pratt, Richard Henry, 1840-1924  Search this
Collection Collector:
Allen, George V.  Search this
Extent:
1 Stereograph (7 x 4 in.)
Culture:
American Indian -- Fort Marion (Florida)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Stereographs
Scope and Contents:
Group photograph of Indians of various tribes. The item is identical to number 331 of Photo Lot 90-1. The item may be part of the St. Augustine series. The item is identical to numbers 331 and 1259 of Photo Lot 90-1.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.09853800
Other Title:
Florida, The Land of Flowers and Tropical Scenery
St. Augustine Series
Place:
Florida -- Fort Marion
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 90-1, George V. Allen collection of photographs of Native Americans and the American frontier, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
George V. Allen photograph collection of photographs of Native Americans and the American frontier
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3887b1853-9a8c-42a6-bdb8-6919961abc60
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-90-1-ref839

"Indians at Fort Marion"

Creator:
The Florida Club of St. Augustine, Florida  Search this
Names:
Pratt, Richard Henry, 1840-1924  Search this
Collection Collector:
Allen, George V.  Search this
Extent:
1 Stereograph (7 x 3.5 in.)
Culture:
American Indian -- Fort Marion (Florida)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Stereographs
Scope and Contents:
Group photograph of Indians of various tribes. The item is identical to number 329 of Photo Lot 90-1. The item may be part of the St. Augustine Series.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.09854000
Other Title:
Florida, The Land of Flowers and Tropical Scenery
St. Augustine Series
Place:
Florida -- Fort Marion
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 90-1, George V. Allen collection of photographs of Native Americans and the American frontier, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
George V. Allen photograph collection of photographs of Native Americans and the American frontier
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw319bd31e5-fab7-4bc4-b893-dfdfee532dea
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-90-1-ref841
Online Media:

"Indians at Fort Marion"

Creator:
The Florida Club of St. Augustine, Florida  Search this
Names:
Pratt, Richard Henry, 1840-1924  Search this
Collection Collector:
Allen, George V.  Search this
Extent:
1 Stereograph (7 x 3.5 in.)
Culture:
American Indian -- Fort Marion (Florida)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Stereographs
Scope and Contents:
Five Indian men and women sitting on cannon. The item is unnumbered but is part of the St. Augustine series. The item is identical to number 336 of Photo Lot 90-1.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.09854200
Other Title:
St. Augustine Series
Place:
Florida -- Fort Marion
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 90-1, George V. Allen collection of photographs of Native Americans and the American frontier, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
George V. Allen photograph collection of photographs of Native Americans and the American frontier
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw37b020d36-868c-4aac-aedf-651272b0875b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-90-1-ref844

"Indians at Fort Marion"

Creator:
The Florida Club of St. Augustine, Florida  Search this
Names:
Pratt, Richard Henry, 1840-1924  Search this
Collection Collector:
Allen, George V.  Search this
Extent:
1 Stereograph (7 x 3.5 in.)
Culture:
American Indian -- Fort Marion (Florida)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Stereographs
Scope and Contents:
Five Indian men and women sitting on cannon. The item is unnumbered but is part of the St. Augustine series. The item is identical to number 333 of Photo Lot 90-1.
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.09854500
Other Title:
St. Augustine Series
Place:
Florida -- Fort Marion
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 90-1, George V. Allen collection of photographs of Native Americans and the American frontier, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
George V. Allen photograph collection of photographs of Native Americans and the American frontier
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw36cc0d82a-0457-4eee-85da-906caa32837a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-90-1-ref846
Online Media:

Richard H. and Nana Pratt photographs

Photographer:
Pratt, Richard Henry, 1840-1924  Search this
Pratt, Nana  Search this
Extent:
30 Contact prints
30 Negatives (nitrate)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Contact prints
Negatives
Date:
circa 1896
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs probably made by Richard Henry Pratt and his daughter Nana Pratt on a trip around the United States, circa 1896. They include images of Southwest and Northwest Coast Native peoples, waterways, dwellings and pueblos, a church, a totem pole, and a town in the Northwest.
Biographical/Historical note:
Richard Henry Pratt (1840-1924) was a United States Army officer and organizer of the Indian Division of the Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute in Virginia. Pratt's theories about education of American Indians and their assimilation into American society led to the founding of the Carlisle School in 1879, where he served as superintendent until 1904.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 81I
Reproduction Note:
Contact prints made by Smithsonian Institution from original negatives, 1966.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Richard Pratt donated drawings by the Kiowa artist Wohaw to the Smithsonian Institution. The drawings are now held in National Anthropological Archives MS 30740, MS 30747, and MS 30750, and in the Graphic Arts collection of the National Museum of American History.
The National Anthropological Archives also holds photographs of Richard Pratt (BAE historical negatives) and correspondence from Pratt (MS 4558, Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers).
Photographs relating to the Carlisle Indian Industrial School held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 73-8 and Photo Lot 81-12.
Restrictions:
Original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Totem poles  Search this
Indians of North America -- Dwellings  Search this
Citation:
Photo lot 81I, Richard H. and Nana Pratt photographs, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.81I
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3d90fc0bc-cfec-4ea5-b3ae-20905a7b8a48
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-81i

Pictographic letter from White Buffalo Head to Minimic

Collection Collector:
Pratt, Richard Henry, 1840-1924  Search this
Collection Artist:
White Buffalo Head (Cheyenne)  Search this
Wo-Haw, 1855-1924  Search this
Collection Addressee:
Minimic (Cheyenne)  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (2 leaves, laminated, graphite, colored pencil, and ink, 10.5 x 8 inches)
Container:
Box 30740, Folder 1
Type:
Archival materials
Graphic Materials
Drawings
Scope and Contents:
A letter from White Buffalo Head and family to his father, Minimic, then imprisoned at Fort Marion in St. Augustine, Florida. The letter, which spans two sheets of paper, was annotated in red ink by Richard H. Pratt. The letter shows White Buffalo Head, his father Minimic, members of Minimic's family and other Cheyenne people. Also included is a map showing the North Canadian River and tributaries and neighboring trails, camps (identified by chief's name), the Cheyenne and Arapaho agency, and fields identified by owners. A legend and a note in the hand of Richard H. Pratt identifies elements of the drawing and its provenance. One leaf of paper has letterhead of Cheyenne and Arapaho Manual Labor and Boarding School for Indian Children at the Cheyenne and Arapaho Agency.

The letter was collected and signed by "R.H. Pratt, 1st Lieutenant, 10th Cavalry, Fort Marion, June, 30, 1877."
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 30,740

NAA INV 08500000

NAA INV 08500100
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Fort Marion drawings collected by Richard Pratt, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Fort Marion drawings collected by Richard H. Pratt
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw32d0fb4e2-1ea2-4868-82bb-33748fc314ca
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms30740-ref1
Online Media:

Wohaw drawing of tightrope walker

Collection Collector:
Pratt, Richard Henry, 1840-1924  Search this
Collection Artist:
White Buffalo Head (Cheyenne)  Search this
Wo-Haw, 1855-1924  Search this
Collection Addressee:
Minimic (Cheyenne)  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (graphite, colored pencil, and watercolor, 7 x 4.5 inches)
Container:
Box 30740, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Graphic Materials
Drawings
Scope and Contents:
A drawing of a tight rope walker. It is inscribed on the verso "Drawn by Wohaw Kiowa."
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08500300

NAA MS 30750

OPPS NEG 88-19,335

OPPS NEG 92-11256
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Fort Marion drawings collected by Richard Pratt, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Fort Marion drawings collected by Richard H. Pratt
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw363780a21-0ff2-4aa6-a247-046b084e47b4
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms30740-ref2

Wohaw drawing of camp scene

Collection Collector:
Pratt, Richard Henry, 1840-1924  Search this
Collection Artist:
White Buffalo Head (Cheyenne)  Search this
Wo-Haw, 1855-1924  Search this
Collection Addressee:
Minimic (Cheyenne)  Search this
Extent:
1 Drawing (graphite, colored pencil, and watercolor, 7 x 4.5 inches)
Container:
Box 30740, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Graphic Materials
Drawings
Scope and Contents:
A drawing of a Kiowa camp with painted tipis. It is inscribed on the verso "Drawn Wohaw Kiowa."
Local Numbers:
NAA INV 08500200

NAA MS 30747

OPPS NEG 92-11407
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Fort Marion drawings collected by Richard Pratt, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Fort Marion drawings collected by Richard H. Pratt
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw31b7091f3-dfc3-4d4c-8ebc-a2b33ce8f6b3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms30740-ref3

Fort Marion drawings collected by Richard H. Pratt

Collector:
Pratt, Richard Henry, 1840-1924  Search this
Artist:
White Buffalo Head (Cheyenne)  Search this
Wo-Haw, 1855-1924  Search this
Addressee:
Minimic (Cheyenne)  Search this
Extent:
3 Drawings
Culture:
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Pictographs
Works of art
Place:
North America
Date:
circa 1877
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of three (3) drawings made by prisoners are Fort Marion and forwarded to the Smithsonian Institution by Richard Pratt.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Historical Note:
Fort Marion, also known as Castillo de San Marco, is a stone fortress in St. Augustine, Florida. Between 1875 and 1878, seventy-two prisoners from the southern plains were incarcerated in the fort. Captain Richard Pratt supervised the prisoners during their incarceration at Fort Marion. The prisoners consisted of 27 Kiowas, 33 Cheyennes, 9 Comanches, 2 Arapahos, and a single Caddo. With the exception of one Cheyenne woman, all the prisoners were men. They had been accused of participating in the recent Red River War, earlier hostilities, or both. With the exception of the wife and daughter of one of the Comanche men, the prisoners families were not allowed to accompany them to Fort Marion.
Biographical Note:
White Buffalo Head's father, Minimic or Eagle Head, was a Cheyenne prisoner at Fort Marion, Florida.
Wohaw, also known as Wo-Haw, Beef, Gu hau de, and Wolf Robe, was a Kiowa born in 1855. He was accused of being a combatant in the Red River War of 1874 and 1875. On October 3, 1874, he surrendered at the Cheyenne-Arapaho Agency at Darlington, Indian Territory. He was transferred to Fort Sill, where he was held in the guard house. He was among the Kiowa warriors who were subsequently imprisoned at Ft. Marion in San Augustine, Florida. Following his release in 1878, Wohaw returned to the Indian Territory, arriving in Anadarko on May 1, 1878. He served in the Indian Police between 1879 and 1880 and in Troop L of the 7th U.S. Cavalry from 1891 to 1895. He was a member of the Ohomah society and is believed to have been an adherant of the Ghost Dance and Peyote religions. Wohaw died in Oklahoma in 1924.
Richard Henry Pratt (1840-1924) was a United States Army officer and organizer of the Indian Division of the Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute in Virginia. Pratt's theories about education of American Indians and their assimilation into American society led to the founding of the Carlisle School in 1879, where he served as superintendent until 1904.
Related Materials:
The National Museum of American History holds eight of the drawings donated by Pratt to the Smithsonian Institution (see 2008.0175.52-2008.0175.59).
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Pictographs
Works of art
Citation:
Fort Marion drawings collected by Richard Pratt, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS30740
See more items in:
Fort Marion drawings collected by Richard H. Pratt
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3675d3135-a6f6-47b4-b20d-764a695ee995
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms30740
Online Media:

Dakota agency personnel (including Indian Police), students, and views of Agency buildings, from various Dakota agencies and Carlisle Indian School

Photographer:
Choate, John N., of Carlisle, Pennsylvania  Search this
Anderson, J. A.  Search this
Creator:
Northwestern Photographic Company  Search this
Names:
Anderson, W. W.  Search this
Berht, Stella  Search this
Black Bear, Carrie  Search this
Calls Horse Looking  Search this
Cleveland, William Joshua, 1845-1910  Search this
Flood, Thomas  Search this
Four Horn, Charlotte  Search this
Galiego, Louisa  Search this
Gallagher, H. D. Col  Search this
Good Nation, Laura  Search this
Hand, Emma  Search this
Horse Looking, Irene  Search this
Iron Eagle Feather  Search this
Jackson, Sheldon, 1834-1909  Search this
Little Bull  Search this
Low, Adelia  Search this
McChesney, Charles E.  Search this
McLaughlin, James Major  Search this
Pratt, Richard Henry, 1840-1924  Search this
Shields, John  Search this
Spence, L. F. Agent  Search this
Standing Bear, Victoria  Search this
Townsend, Harvey  Search this
Two Dogs, Isabella  Search this
Wells, Mark  Search this
White Bear, Rosa  Search this
White Birch, Katie  Search this
White Horse  Search this
White Thunder, Rosa  Search this
Wilson, Susan  Search this
Wright, John V. Judge  Search this
Extent:
44 Mounted prints
Culture:
Dakota Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Mounted prints
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Photographs of Carlisle by J. N. Choate, three Rosebud Agency photographs by J. A. Anderson, the rest unidentified as to photographer. The photographs probably date between 1880 and 1895.
Catalog Number 4574: Letter of 3/21/58 from Richard A. Pohrt (donor): "...eleven photographs from the Indian School at Carlisle. Pa. These I am certain were all taken by J. N. Choates [Choate], a photographer who had a studio at 21 West Main St., Carlisle, Pa." (1) Carlisle Indian School "The dining hall, Indian Training School" (Original Number 45) Photographer: J. H. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (2) Carlisle Indian School "Sheldon Jackson, John Shields and Harvey Townsend, Pueblos." (Original Number 70) J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (3) Carlisle Indian School "Pine Ridge Boys" (Original Number 155) (caption written by hand) J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (4) Carlisle Indian School "After School; Indian Training School, Carlisle, Pa." (written by hand). (Original Number 163) J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (5) Carlisle Indian School Group of students, presumably of Carlisle School. Labeled on back (by hand) as follows: "No. 1 White Horse Little Bull "No. 2 Calls Horse Looking "No. 3 Brule Iron Eagle Feather "No 4 Stella Berht "No. 5 Rosa White Thunder "No 6 Irene Horse Looking "No 7 Laura Good Nation Compliments of Capt. Pratt, E." J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (?) (6) Carlisle Indian School Group of girls, presumably students at Carlisle School. Labled by hand as follows; left to right, row 1 (kneeling) Emma Hand, Rosa White Bear (dead), Isabella Two Dogs, Louisa Galiego (Pine Ridge). Row 2, (sitting) Carrie Black Bear, Susan Wilson (S sister [?]), Charlotte Four Horn, Esther Side [?] Bear. Row 3 (standing) Katie White Birch, Adelia Low, Victoria Standing Bear, Martha Bordeaux [?], Mose Dion [?]. J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (?). (7) Carlisle Indian School Group of boys, presumably students at Carlisle School. J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (?). (8) "Girl's Quarters, Carlisle Barracks" [Choate Broadside, No 78?] J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (?). (9) "School Rooms, Carlisle Barracks." [Choate broadside, No. 80 ?].
Catalog Number 4574: (10) Carlisle Indian School "Cap't Pratt's House and Chapel." [Choate broadside, No. 82 ?] Captain Pratt near steps. J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (11) Carlisle Indian School (?) "Band of Indian Boys at the Government School, Washington, D. C." ("Popular Series"). Stereoscopic view. Probably copy of Choate No. 76, erroneously labeled. [See Choate broadside, B.A.E. Catalog Number 4241.] J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa (?) (See R. A. Pohrt correspondence, 9/24/59). (12) Tribe: Dakota (Oglalla ?) "High Hawk." Resembles closely the man identified as High Hawk in Signal Corps Photograph at National Archives (No. 101549). Only slight resemblance to S. I. Negative 42,827. He must have been considerably older when the latter was taken if they are the same person. J. N. Choate, Carlisle, Pa. (13) Dakota:Agency Personnel, various agencies Seated left to right: Reverend William J. Cleveland (Episcopal missionary and sometime agent at Rosebud-- See Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 5, page 20 for biography), Captain Richard Henry Pratt (Chairman), and Judge John V. Wright of Tennessee, -- the three composed the 2nd commission to the Sioux, 1888. (For account of the commission see Eastman, "Pratt, the Redman's Moses," University of Oklahoma Press, 1935). (Identified from BAE Negative Number "Portraits 13-b"). No date, but because of the 3 main figures, suggests ca. 1888. Standing. left to right: , (appears third from left in S. I. Negative 43,563-- identified more clearly in original prints of same group National Archives-- N. A. Numbers 86-1, 86-2, 87), Col. H. D. Gallagher, Agent Pine Ridge (same ident. source), Major W. W. Anderson, agent at Crow Creek and Lower Brule; for a Mark Wells see Negative 3307-c, Dr C. E. McChesney, agent at Cheyenne River Agency (Number 14, in row 5.), Major James McLaughlin, Agent Standing Rock Reservation, Col. L. F. Spence, Agent Rosebud Agency (identified from S. I. Negative 43,563). No date, but because of the 3 main figures, suggests ca. 1888.
Catalog Number 4574: (14) Dakota: Agency Personnel Seated: Col. L. F. Spence, Agent at Rosebud, (identified from S. I. Negative 43,563) Standing: unidentified, but compare with 4574: (28), below. (15) Dakota: Pine Ridge Agency Labeled in pencil, "Agent's Dwelling, Pine Ridge Agency, D. T." (Verified by numerous views of the Agency in the National Archives). Two Indian Policemen on porch. Water tower behind house. (16) Dakota: Pine Ridge Agency ? Distant view of Agency, almost certainly Pine Ridge (compare with original prints catalog Number 4464. "Pine Ridge Agency from the North in 1891"). Print marked in pencil, "Fort Niobrara, Nebraska Territory"-- erroneous ? Northwestern Photographic Co, Chadron, Nebraska (17) Dakota: Rosebud Agency "No. 4 St Francis' Mission, Rosebud Agency, S. D., West Side." Church and school, one wing in process of being built. Print not marked. Received in package marked by donor, "J. A. Anderson." (18) Dakota: Rosebud Agency "No 7. Birds-eye view of St Francis Mission. Rosebud Agency, S. D." Print not marked. Received in package marked by donor,"J. A. Anderson." (19) Dakota: Rosebud Agency "No 8. Fathers and Brothers of St Francis Mission. Rosebud Agency, S. D." J. A. Anderson, Rosebud Agency, S. D. (20) Dakota: Rosebud Agency View of Rosebud Agency, and garden, from the South (if 17 above correct). Must have been taken prior to the Anderson photograph, since the new wing is not in evidence. (Identified from 17 and 18.) (21) Dakota: Rosebud Agency Nuns with large group of students in school uniforms, (St Francis Mission, Rosebud Agency ?) Little white girl in front row looks like one in 4574: (32) below, and possibly same as in 4574: (31).
Catalog Number 4574 (22) Dakota: Rosebud Agency "View at Rosebud Agency. May 8th 1892." This series of "row" houses corresponds, perhaps, to ones in J. A. Anderson's Among the Sioux, "A typical Indian Agency" (BAE temporary 77). Note "Police Station " sign. 1892. (23) Dakota: Rosebud Agency Agent's house, Rosebud Agency (identified from Negative Number 43,791-B). Standing in front, left to right: , , Col. L. F. Spence, Agent (identified from S, I, Negative 43,563 and National Archives' prints of same group), , , . (24) Boy on horse in front of agent's dwelling, Rosebud Agency. (House, and thus agency, identified from S. I. Negative 43,791-B and others). (25) Dakota: Rosebud Agency Group of Indian Police, civilian men, women, and children around flag pole in front of agent's house (identified from S. I. Negative 43,791-B), Rosebud Agency. Reverend William J. Cleveland (with whiskers and derby) in back row, 2nd to right of flagpole. (Indentified from BAE Negative Number "Portraits 13-b.") (26) Dakota: Rosebud Agency Distant view of agent's dwelling and unidentified home and/or school to the left of it. Copy in negative catalog made from another original print. See Negative Number 43,791-C.
Catalog Number 4574: (27) Dakota: Rosebud Agency Unidentified home and/or school to left of agent's dwelling (see 4574:(26) above, then 43,791-B), large group of men in front of building. Possibly Reverend William J. Cleveland, (note whiskers) on porch, 3rd from right. (28) Dakota: Rosebud Agency (?) Agency personnel (?), including Indian police. 4th from left, front row: Col. L. F. Spence, Agent at Rosebud (identified from S. I. Negative 43,563). 5th from left, front row: same as man on right in 4574: (14) (?). 2nd from left, 2nd row: same as man on left in 4574: (14) (?). 2nd from right, 2nd row: Thomas Flood, Interpreter (identified from S. I. Negative 43,563). Indentification as Rosebud Agency rests primarily upon the presence of Spence. See Negative Number 45,793-B. (29) Dakota: Rosebud Agency (?) Large building, with chapel, set in open area. Built 1885 (date on front gable). In front are 5 women (one on horse) 3 children, three men; Rev. William J. Cleveland at extreme left (identified from BAE Negative Number "Portraits" 13-b). May be Saint Mary's Mission Boarding School for Sioux Boys and Girls, 12 miles from Rosebud Agency, on Antelope Creek, Dakota Territory, for the following reasons: 1. The building is a self-contained unit--including a chapel--and there are no other buildings in view. 2. The building is dated 1885. Pilling, in Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 5, 1887 states that Cleveland had at that time been principal of Saint Mary's for 2 years, which fits neatly with the 1885 date. (30) Dakota: Rosebud Agency (?) Side view of same building as in 4574: (29). Several women and children in foreground. Reverend William J. Cleveland holding horses (identified from BAE Negative Number "Portraits" 13-b), and one other man. See 4574:(29) above.
Catalog Number 4574: The following photographs (4574: (31-39)), along with a group of similar photographs in the National Archives, seem to establish a consistent pattern in the location and structure of agency school facilities. In general, the schools were small frame buildings, apparently widely scattered over the agencies, each with a small frame house for the teaching couple and family. (31) Dakota: Agency Unidentified Frame school (?) building. In foreground, group of students with teachers (man and woman--and their little girl ?), and Indian police. (32) Dakota: Agency Unidentified Group of students with teachers (man and woman--and their child) in front of frame school (?) house. Also an Indian Policeman. (33) Dakota: Agency unidentified Group of students with teachers (man and woman) and Indian Police in front of frame school (?) house. White man on right appears to be identical with the first man on left in S. I. Negative 43,563, Sioux delegation to Washington, 1888. (34) Dakota: Agency unidentified Group of students with teachers (man and woman) in front of frame school (?) house. Also an Indian Policeman. (35) Dakota: Agency unidentified Frame school (?) building. In foreground a group of students with teacher(s). (36) Dakota: Agency unidentified Frame school (?) with group of students and teacher in the foreground. The teacher is the same as in 4574:(36), as are many of the pupils. (37) Dakota: Agency unidentified Teachers (and their child) with group of students in front of frame school building. (See 4574: (38) for identity as school.) (38) Dakota: Agency unidentified School building (and teachers' dwelling ?) with man, woman, and child (same ones as in 4574: (37) above) in front, and two Indian men at side. 2 duplicate prints.
Catalog Number 4574: (39) Dakota: Agency unidentified Teacher's dwelling-schoolhouse complex with one or two scattered cabins in the foreground. Follows what appears to be the typical pattern of small, widely scattered schools. (40) Dakota: Agency unidentified Frame building. Function ? Odd door on back and man standing in doorway suggest this might be an exterior view of 4574: (41). (41) Dakota: Agency Unidentified Pine Ridge (?) or Rosebud (?) Slaughter house (?), interior view, with three men, one an Indian. One man looks like Col. H. D. Gallagher, Pine Ridge Agent. But the print was among a group of views mainly from Rosebud Agency. (42) Dakota: Agency Unidentified Large group of uniformed Indian Police on horseback in front of frame buildings. Agency might be: 1. Standing Rock ? Man front row, left looks like Red Tomahawk. 2. Pine Ridge ? But the men aren't posed in same area of agency where other PR Police pictures were taken. Also the men in this picture have more uniform uniforms than are shown in PR pictures. (See Original Prints, "temporary" Number 29, and Catalog Number 4544: (59, 60).) 3. Rosebud ? (43) Dakota: Agency Unidentified Indian Police, same uniform, same agency, same building, as 4574: (42). Also additional evidence for identifying Agency as Standing Rock: compare officers to those in BAE Negative Number 3711-e. See Negative Number 45,793. (44) Dakota Badlands scenery. "In general it seems to resemble the badlands of southwestern South Dakota not far distant from Pine Ridge and Rosebud Reservations."--Information from John C. Ewers, 4/5/60.
Biographical / Historical:
Pohrt states, "I believe they were taken about 1890. Some are identified and many are not, but I have reason to believe that the majority were taken on the Rosebud and Pine Ridge Reservations in South Dakota. They are of school children, Indian Police, Agency buildings, etc." See correspondence in Smithsonian Institution-Bureau of American Ethnology files.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4574
Local Note:
Filed: Original Prints: Carlisle Indian School; Dakota.
Topic:
Photographs  Search this
Federal-Indian relations -- Agencies  Search this
Education -- Carlisle Indian School  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4574, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4574
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3d018cb80-1871-4a77-abaf-7a2601ccfe2d
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4574

MS 4558 Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers

Creator:
La Flesche, Francis, 1857-1932  Search this
Fletcher, Alice C. (Alice Cunningham), 1838-1923  Search this
Correspondent:
La Flesche family  Search this
Aldrich, Charles F.  Search this
Alexander, Hartley B.  Search this
Allen, James T.  Search this
Andrews, Gleorge L.  Search this
Armstrong, S.C.  Search this
Ashley, Robert H.  Search this
Atkins, John D.C.  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Bowditch, Charles P. (Charles Pickering), 1842-1921  Search this
Brinton, Daniel G. (Daniel Garrison), 1837-1899  Search this
Brown, George LeRoy  Search this
Burlin, Natalie Curtis, 1875-1921  Search this
Cadman, Charles Wakefield, 1881-1946  Search this
Copley, John T.  Search this
Dall, William Healey, 1845-1927  Search this
Dawes, E.S.  Search this
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Dixon, Roland Burrage, 1875-1934  Search this
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Dunbar, John Brown, 1841-1914  Search this
Ellinwood, F.F.  Search this
Farabee, William Curtis, 1865-1925  Search this
Farley, Caryl E.  Search this
Farley, Rosalie La Flesche  Search this
Farwell, Arthur  Search this
Fellowes, R.S.  Search this
Fewkes, Jesse Walter, 1850-1930  Search this
Fillmore, John Comfort, 1843-1898  Search this
Fillmore, L.H.  Search this
Fillmore, Thomas Hill  Search this
Freire-Marreco, Barbara W. (Barbara Whitchurch), 1879-1967  Search this
Gay, E. Jane  Search this
Griffith, Elmer C.  Search this
Guthrie, William Norman  Search this
Hale, Horatio, 1817-1896  Search this
Hall, C.C.  Search this
Hall, Charles Lemon, 1847-1940  Search this
Hearst, Phoebe Apperson, 1842-1919  Search this
Heth, H.  Search this
Hewett, Edgar L. (Edgar Lee), 1865-1946  Search this
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933  Search this
Hough, Walter, 1859-1935  Search this
Jackson, Sheldon, 1834-1909  Search this
Johnston, Catherine M.  Search this
Kincaid, William  Search this
La Flesche, Joseph  Search this
Lummis, Charles Fletcher, 1859-1928  Search this
MacCurdy, George Grant, 1863-1947  Search this
Mason, Otis Tufton, 1838-1908  Search this
Matthews, Washington, 1843-1905  Search this
McBeth, Kate C., 1832-1915  Search this
McBeth, Sue L., -1893  Search this
McCown, S.M.  Search this
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
McGuire, Joseph D. (Joseph Deakins), 1842-1916  Search this
Mead, Frances K.  Search this
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart), 1855-1942  Search this
Merrick, Fannie  Search this
Merrick, Jessie  Search this
Moon, Karl  Search this
Moore, Homer  Search this
Morgan, Caroline S.  Search this
Morgan, John T.  Search this
Murie, James R.  Search this
Myers, John L.  Search this
Nuttal, Maria Magdalena  Search this
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Petter, W.H.  Search this
Pettigrew, Frederick W., 1850-1901  Search this
Picotte, Susan La Flesche  Search this
Pratt, Richard Henry, 1840-1924  Search this
Price, Hiram  Search this
Proctor, Edna Dean, 1829-1923  Search this
Putnam, F. W. (Frederic Ward), 1839-1915  Search this
Quinn, Daniel  Search this
Robertson, Alice M.  Search this
Rogers, Emily F.  Search this
Sanborn, F. B. (Franklin Benjamin), 1831-1917  Search this
Seymour, Thomas Day  Search this
Spofford, Ainsworth Rand, 1825-1908  Search this
St. Cyr, Julia  Search this
Starr, Frederick  Search this
Stuart, James  Search this
Talbot, Emily  Search this
Teller, W.J.  Search this
Thaw, William  Search this
Tozzer, Alfred M. (Alfred Marston), 1877-1954  Search this
Wallaschek, Richard  Search this
Westcott, Edith  Search this
Wilkinson, G.W.  Search this
Wilkinson, Hattie M.  Search this
Willoughby, Charles Clark  Search this
Names:
Carr, Lucien, 1829-1915  Search this
Radin, Paul, 1883-1959  Search this
Extent:
19 Linear feet (50 boxes)
Culture:
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Sioux  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Quechua  Search this
Quapaw Indians  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Mexicans  Search this
Wichita  Search this
Zapotec  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Apache  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Indians of North America -- California  Search this
Hitchiti Seminole  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Caddo  Search this
Biloxi Indians  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Osage  Search this
Oto  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Ajachemem (San Juan de Capistrano Luiseño)  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Alaska
Date:
1873-1939
Summary:
These papers reflect the professional lives of Alice Cunningham Fletcher (1838-1923), an ethnologist with the Peabody Museum of Harvard and collaborator with the Bureau of American Ethnology, and Francis La Flesche (1856-1923), an anthropologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology. Due to the close professional and personal relationship of Fletcher and La Flesche, their papers have been arranged jointly. The papers cover the period from 1874 to 1939. Included in the collection is correspondence, personal diaries, lectures, field notes and other ethnographic papers, drafts, musical transcriptions, publications by various authors, maps and photographs.
Scope and Contents:
These papers reflect the professional lives of Alice Cunningham Fletcher (1838-1923), an ethnologist with the Peabody Museum of Harvard University and collaborator with the Bureau of American Ethnology, and Francis La Flesche (1856-1923), an anthropologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology. Due to the close professional and personal relationship of Fletcher and La Flesche, their papers have been arranged jointly. The papers cover the period from 1874 to 1939. Included in the collection is correspondence, personal diaries, lectures, field notes and other ethnographic papers, drafts, musical transcriptions, publications by various authors, maps and photographs.

The papers have been divided into three general categories: the papers of Alice Cunningham Fletcher, the papers of Francis La Flesche, and the ethnographic research of Fletcher and La Flesche. The first two categories represent personal and professional materials of Fletcher and La Flesche. The third section holds the majority of the ethnographic material in the collection.

Of primary concern are Fletcher and La Flesche's ethnological investigations conducted among the Plains Indians, particularly the Omaha and Osage. Fletcher's Pawnee field research and her allotment work for the Bureau of Indian Affairs among the Omaha, Nez Perce, and Winnebago are represented in the collection. A substantial portion of the ethnographic material reflects Fletcher and La Flesche's studies of Native American music. Much of the correspondence in the papers of Fletcher and La Flesche is rich with information about the situation of Omaha peoples in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Also included in the collection are documents related to Fletcher's work with the Archaeological Institute of America and the School for American Archaeology. Additionally, substantial amounts of Fletcher's early anthropological and historical research are found among her correspondence, lectures, anthropological notes, and early field diaries. La Flesche's literary efforts are also generously represented.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into the following 3 series: 1) Alice Cunningham Fletcher papers, 1873-1925; 2) Francis La Flesche papers, 1881-1930; 3) Papers relating to the anthropological research of Alice Fletcher and Francis La Flesche, 1877-1939.

Series 1: Alice Cunningham Fletcher papers is divided into the following 10 subseries: 1.1) Incoming correspondence, 1874-1923 (bulk 1882-1923); 1.2) Outgoing correspondence, 1873-1921; 1.3) Correspondence on specific subjects, 1881-1925; 1.4) Correspondence between Fletcher and La Flesche, 1895-1922; 1.5) Publications, 1882-1920; 1.6) Organizational records, 1904-1921; 1.7) General anthropological notes, undated; 1.8) Lectures, circa 1878-1910; 1.9) Diaries, 1881-1922; 1.10) Biography and memorabilia, 1878-1925.

Series 2: Francis La Flesche papers is divided into the following 6 subseries: 2.11) General correspondence, 1890-1929; 2.12) Correspondence on specific subjects, 1881-1930; 2.13) Publications, 1900-1927; 2.14) Literary efforts, undated; 2.15) Personal diaries, 1883-1924; 2.16) Biography and memorabilia, 1886-1930.

Series 3: Papers relating to the anthropological research of Alice Fletcher and Francis La Flesche is divided into the following 12 subseries: 3.17) Alaska, 1886-1887; 3.18) Earth lodges, 1882, 1898-1899; 3.19) Music, 1888-1918; 3.20) Nez Perce, 1889-1909; 3.21) Omaha, 1882-1922; 3.22) Osage, 1896-1939; 3.23) Pawnee, 1897-1910; 3.24) Pipes, undated; 3.25) Sioux, 1877-1896; 3.26) Other tribes, 1882-1922; 3.27) Publications collected, 1884-1905, undated; 3.28) Photographs, undated.
Biographical / Historical:
Alice Cunningham Fletcher (1838-1923) was an ethnologist with the Peabody Museum of Harvard and collaborator with the Bureau of American Ethnology. Francis La Flesche (1856-1923) was an anthropologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology.

Chronology of the Life of Alice Cunningham Fletcher

1838 March 15 -- Born in Havana, Cuba

1873-1876 -- Secretary, American Association for Advancement of Women

1879 -- Informal student of anthropology, Peabody Museum, Harvard University

1881 -- Field trip to Omaha and Rosebud Agencies

1882 -- Assistant in ethnology, Peabody Museum, Harvard University

1882 -- Helped secure land in severalty to Omaha Indians

1882-1883 -- Begins collaboration with Francis La Flesche on the Peabody Museum's collection of Omaha and Sioux artifacts

1883-1884 -- Special Agent, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Omaha Agency

1886 -- Bureau of Education investigation of Alaskan native education

1887-1888 -- Special Disbursing Agent, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Winnebago Agency

1889-1892 -- Special Agent for allotment, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Nez Perce Agency

1890-1899 -- President, Women's Anthropological Society of America

1891-1923 -- Mary Copley Thaw Fellow, Peabody Museum, Harvard University

1892-1893 -- Department of Interior consultant, World's Columbian Exposition

1896 -- Vice-President, Section H, American Association for the Advancement of Science

1897 -- Collaborator, Bureau of American Ethnology

1899-1916 -- Editorial board, American Anthropologist

1900 -- Published Indian Story and Song from North America

1901-1902 -- Advisory committee, Anthropology Department, University of California at Berkeley

1903 -- President, Anthropological Society of Washington

1904 -- Published The Hako: A Pawnee Ceremony with James Murie

1904 -- Member, ethnology section, Louisiana Purchase Exposition

1905 -- President, American Folk-lore Society

1908-1913 -- Chair, Managing Committee of School of American Archaeology

1911 -- Honorary Vice-President, Section H, British Association for Advancement of Science

1911 -- Published The Omaha Tribe with Francis La Flesche

1913 -- Chair Emeritus, Managing Committee of School of American Archaeology

1915 -- Published Indian Games and Dances with Native Songs Arranged from American Indian Ceremonials and Sports

1923 April 6 -- Died in Washington, D.C.

Chronology of the Life of Francis La Flesche

1857 December 25 -- Born on Omaha Reservation near Macy, Nebraska

1879 -- Lecture tour, Ponca chief Standing Bear

1881 -- Interpreter, Senate Committee on Indian Affairs

1881-1910 -- Clerk, Bureau of Indian Affairs

1891 -- Informally adopted as Fletcher's son

1892 -- LL.B., National University Law School

1893 -- LL.M., National University Law School

1900 -- Published The Middle Five: Indian Boys at School

1906-1908 -- Marriage to Rosa Bourassa

1910-1929 -- Ethnologist, Bureau of American Ethnology

1911 -- Published The Omaha Tribe with Alice Fletcher

1921 -- Published The Osage Tribe, Part One

1922 -- Member, National Academy of Sciences

1922-1923 -- President, Anthropological Society of Washington

1925 -- Published The Osage Tribe, Part Two

1926 -- Honorary Doctor of Letters, University of Nebraska

1928 -- Published The Osage Tribe, Part Three

1932 -- Published Dictionary of the Osage Language

1932 September 5 -- Died in Thurston County, Nebraska

1939 -- Posthumous publication of War Ceremony and Peace Ceremony of the Osage Indians
Related Materials:
Additional material related to the professional work of Fletcher and La Flesche in the National Anthropological Archives may be found among the correspondence of the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) and the records of the Anthropological Society of Washington.

Sound recordings made by Fletcher and La Flesche can be found at the Library of Congress. The National Archives Records Administration hold the Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), including those relating to allotments in severalty for the Nez Perce by Alice Fletcher. The Nebraska Historical Society has diaries, letters and clippings regarding the La Flesche family, including correspondence of Francis La Flesche and Fletcher. The Radcliffe College Archives holds a manuscript account of Alice Fletcher's four summers with the Nez Perce (1889-1892). Correspondence between Fletcher and F. W. Putnam is also located at the Peabody Museum Archives of Harvard University.
Separated Materials:
Ethnographic photographs from the collection have been catalogued by tribe in Photo Lot 24.

Glass plate negatives from the collection have been catalogued by tribe in the BAE glass negatives collection (Negative Numbers 4439-4515).
Provenance:
The papers of Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche have been received from an undocumented number of sources. Portions of Fletcher's ethnographic papers were donated to the archives by Mrs. G. David Pearlman in memory of her husband in 1959.
Restrictions:
The Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers are open for research.

Access to the Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Pipes -- American Indian  Search this
Earth houses  Search this
Music -- American Indian  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4558 Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4558
See more items in:
MS 4558 Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Francis La Flesche papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw364f28c11-4526-4a7d-9d44-1db060dad721
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4558
Online Media:

Battlefield and classroom : four decades with the American Indian, 1867-1904 / by Richard Henry Pratt ; edited and with an introduction by Robert M. Utley ; foreword by David Wallace Adams

Title:
Battlefield & classroom
Author:
Pratt, Richard Henry 1840-1924  Search this
Utley, Robert M. 1929-  Search this
Subject:
Pratt, Richard Henry 1840-1924  Search this
United States Indian School (Carlisle, Pa.)  Search this
United States Army Military life  Search this
Physical description:
xxvii, 358 p. : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2003
1964
C2003
1866-1895
Topic:
Wars  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_729141

Why most of our Indians are dependent and non-citizen / address by Brig. Gen. R.H. Pratt

Author:
Pratt, Richard Henry 1840-1924  Search this
Physical description:
5 p. ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1915
1915?]
Topic:
Government relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_502707

Delegation to Washington, October 14, 1888 under James McLaughlin, photographed on the steps of the Capitol

Creator:
ANONYMOUS  Search this
Standing Elk Cheyenne  Search this
Names:
A-Ki-Ci-Ta Na-Jin  Search this
American Horse, 1840-1908  Search this
Anderson, W. W., Maj  Search this
Bad Wild Horse  Search this
Bear's Rib  Search this
Belt, R. V.  Search this
Big Foot (Dakota)  Search this
Big Head  Search this
Black Wolf  Search this
Bowed Head, Dakota  Search this
Brave Bear  Search this
Bull Head (Dakota)  Search this
Campbell, Joe  Search this
Can-Te Pe-Ta  Search this
Can-Te Wa-Ni-Ca Ci-Ka-La  Search this
Carpenter, William  Search this
Ce-Tan Ci-Ka-La  Search this
Ce-Tan Wa-Kin-Yan  Search this
Charger  Search this
Church, L. K., Gov  Search this
Cleveland, William J., Reverend  Search this
Co-Ni-Ca Wa-Ni-Ca  Search this
Crow Eagle  Search this
Dog Back  Search this
Drifting Goose  Search this
Eagle Horse  Search this
Fast Thunder  Search this
Fire Heart  Search this
Fire Thunder (Dakota)  Search this
Flood, Thomas  Search this
Gall (Dakota)  Search this
Gallagher, H. D. Col  Search this
Gardner, R. S., Col  Search this
Good Eagle  Search this
Good Lance  Search this
Good Voice  Search this
Grass, John Chief  Search this
Grey Eagle Tail  Search this
Grey Eagle, Dakota  Search this
Hairy Chin  Search this
He Dog  Search this
High Bear  Search this
High Eagle  Search this
Hin-Zi  Search this
Ho Wa-Ste  Search this
Ho-Gan Luta  Search this
I-Ku Hin-La  Search this
Kan-Gi Wan-Bli  Search this
Larabee, William  Search this
Larvie, William  Search this
Little Bear  Search this
Little Chief  Search this
Little Hawk  Search this
Little No Heart  Search this
Little Wound  Search this
Ma-Ga-Ska  Search this
Ma-To Cu-Wi  Search this
Ma-To Luza-Han  Search this
Ma-To Non-Pa  Search this
Ma-To O-Han-Ke  Search this
Ma-To O-Hi-Ti-Ka  Search this
Ma-To O-Ta  Search this
Ma-To Wan-Kan-Tu-Ya  Search this
Mad Bear  Search this
Mato Cikala  Search this
McChesney, C. E., Dr.  Search this
McLaughlin, James Major  Search this
Medicine Bull (Dakota)  Search this
Na-Su-La Tan-Ka  Search this
Narcelle, Narcisse  Search this
No Flesh  Search this
Oberly, John H., Hon  Search this
Pa Tan-Ka  Search this
Pe-Ji  Search this
Pi-Zi  Search this
Plenty Bears  Search this
Pratt, Richard Henry, 1840-1924.  Search this
Pretty Eagle  Search this
Pretty Lance  Search this
Primeau, Louis  Search this
Quick Bear  Search this
Recontre, Alec  Search this
Red Fish  Search this
Rice, Edmond, Hon  Search this
Ring Thunder  Search this
Rowland, Benjamin  Search this
Si-Yo Wi-Ki  Search this
Sitting Bull (Hunkpapa, Dakota)  Search this
Sky Bull  Search this
Spencer, L. F., Col  Search this
Spotted Eagle  Search this
Spotted Elk  Search this
Standing Soldier, 1st Lieut  Search this
Stevick, G. L.  Search this
Sun-K To-Ke-Ca Wak-Pa-Iya  Search this
Sun-Ka Blo-Ka  Search this
Sun-Ka Tapetu  Search this
Sung-Wa-To-Gla Si-Ca  Search this
Swift Bear  Search this
Swift Bird  Search this
Sword, George, Capt  Search this
Ta-Opi Ci-Ka-La  Search this
Ta-Tan-Ka Ma-Hpi-Ya  Search this
Ta-Tan-Ka-Iyo-Tan-Ke  Search this
Tappen, S. F., Col  Search this
Thunder Hawk  Search this
Two Bears, Stephen  Search this
Two Strikes  Search this
Ugly Wild Horse  Search this
Wa-A-Na-Tan  Search this
Wa-Hin-Kpe Wa-Ste  Search this
Wa-Kin-Yan Can-Gle-Ska  Search this
Wa-Kin-Yan Lu-Za-Han  Search this
Wa-Si-Cun Ta-Shum-Ke  Search this
Walking Eagle  Search this
Wan-Bli Ho Ta  Search this
Wan-Bli Ma-Ni  Search this
Wan-Bli Sun-Ka  Search this
Wan-Bli Wa-Ste  Search this
Wan-Bli Wan-Kan-Tuya  Search this
Wan-Bli- Gle-Ska  Search this
Wandli Sinte Hota  Search this
Wells, Mark  Search this
Wells, Philip F.  Search this
White Ghost  Search this
White Swan  Search this
Wizi  Search this
Wright, John V., Hon  Search this
Yellow Bear  Search this
Yellow Hair  Search this
Zi-Tka-La Lu-Za-Han  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (8x10 in)
Culture:
Sioux  Search this
Dakota -- Upper Yanktonai  Search this
Dakota -- Lower Yanktonai  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Dakota -- Brule  Search this
Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)  Search this
Blackfoot -- Dakota  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)  Search this
Brulé Indians  Search this
Yanktonnai Nakota (Yankton Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
Oct 14 1888
Scope and Contents:
From the Wrenne list and the list from the South Dakota Historical Society have been compiled a list for distribution which combines the identifications from the two lists. Mr Anderson used a copy of the Wrenne list, submitted to him by the BAE, and made corrections and added the Agency names from the South Dakota Historical Society photograph. The South Dakota Historical Society list did not contain the Indian names; these are all from the Wrenne list. The tribal identifications and other comments in parentheses are by Harry Anderson. Note: In January 1965 an original print was located in the U. S. National Museum. (Division of Ethnology) collection which has the individuals numbered and a printed list of names attached to the mount. Presumably this is like the one from which Anderson worked at the South Dakota Historical Society. A new typed list was made, January '65, crediting the N. M. print as the source (and correcting some previous mis-readings of Anderson's writing) of the English names.

The English names are taken from an original print in the U. S. National Museum collection which has the individuals numbered and a printed list of names attached to the mount. The Indian names below were supplied in 1937 by Vernon W. Wrenne, Rockford, Illinois, with the help of Indian friends and a missionary to the Indians, Mr Thomas Riggs of Pierre, South Dakota, then aged 90. Tribal designations and other comments in parenthenses were supplied in 1960 by Harry Anderson, Assistant Secretary, South Dakota Historical Society, Pierre, South Dakota.

First Row, Left to Right: 1. G. L. Stevick - Teacher at Rosebud Agency; see BAE Photos Catalog Number 4574:(33). 2. Col. S. F. Tappen - Member of 1867-68 Peace Commission). 3. Col. R. S. Gardner, Inspector (Indian Department). - Possibly same as man at left in BAE Photos Catalog Number 4574:(13 ?) 4. R. V. Belt, Indian Department - Sometime acting Commissioner of Indian Affairs. 5. Hon. John V. Wright, Commissioner - Judge John V. Wright, Tennessee; see BAE Negative Number "Portraits" 13-b. 6. Rev. William J. Cleveland, Commissioner -Missionary at Rosebud Agency. 7. Capt. R. H. Pratt, Commissioner - Head of Carlisle Indian School. 8. Hon. John H. Oberly, Commissioner of Indian Affairs. 9. Gov. L. K. Church of Dakota Territory. 10. Hon. Edmond Rice, Minnesota.

Second Row, Left to Right: Rosebud Agency Delegation (All Brule Sioux) 1. Ugly Wild Horse (Bad Wild Horse) Sung-Wa-To-Gla Si-Ca, 2. Pretty Eagle (Good Eagle) Wan-Bli Wa-Ste, 3. He Dog, Sun-Ka Blo-Ka, 4. Good Voice, Ho Wa-Ste, 5. Quick Bear, Ma-To O-Han-Ke, 6. Black Wolf, Sun-K To-Ke-Ca Wak-Pa-Iya, 7. Swift Bear, Ma-To Luza-Han, 8. Ring Thunder, Wa-Kin-Yan Can Gle-Ska, 9. Two Strike, Nom Kahpa or Nom A Papi, 10. Grey Eagle Tail, Wandli Sinte Hota, 11. Sky Bull, Ta-Tan-Ka Ma-Hpi-Ya, 12. Red Fish, Ho-Gan Luta, 13. Yellow Hair, Hin-Zi, 14. Eagle Horse, Wan-Bli Sun-Ka, 15. Thomas Flood, Interpreter, 16. Col. L. F. Spencer, Agent at Rosebud.

Third Row, Left to Right: Standing Rock Agency Delegation. 1. Sitting Bull (Hunkpapa Sioux) Ta-Tan-Ka-Iyo-Tan-Ke, 2. Stephen Two Bears (Lower Yanktonai) Ma-To Non-Pa, 3. Bear's Rib (Hunkpapa Sioux), Ma-To Cu-Wi, 4. Thunder Hawk (Hunkpapa Sioux), Ce-Tan Wa-Kin-Yan, 5. High Eagle (Hunkpapa Sioux), Wan-Bli Wan-Kan-Tuya, 6. Big Head (Upper Yanktonai), Na-Su-La Tan-Ka or Pa Tan-Ka, 7. Mad Bear (Lower Yanktonai) (Brave Bear), Ma-To O-Hi-Ti-Ka, 8. Grey Eagle (Hunkpapa), Wan-Bli Ho Ta, 9. Hairy Chin (Hunkpapa) I-Ku Hin-La, 10. Walking Eagle (Upper Yanktonai), Wan-Bli Ma-Ni, called "Black Prairie Dog" in Lewis Crawford's Rekindling Campfires, Bismark, 1926, plate facing page 270 (showing Standing Rock delegation only), 11. High Bear (Upper Yanktonai), Ma-To Wan-Kan-Tu-Ya, 12. Fire Heart (Blackfoot Sioux), Can-Te Pe-Ta, 13. John Grass (Blackfoot Sioux) Pe-Ji (Si-Yo Wi-Ki, nickname), 14. Gall (Hunkpapa), Pi-Zi, 15. Louis Primeau, Interpreter, 16. Major James McLaughlin, Agent at Standing Rock.

Fourth Row, Left to Right: Pine Ridge Delegation (All Oglala except two, as indicated) 1. Dog Back, Sun-Ka Tapetu, 2. Standing Soldier, 1st Lieut., Agency Police. 3. Yellow Bear, 4. Little Hawk, Ce-Tan Ci-Ka-La, 5. Little Wound, Ta-Opi Ci-Ka-La, 6. Little Chief, Cheyenne, 7. Pretty Lance (Good Lance), Wa-Kin-Kpe Wa-Ste, 8. Standing Elk, Cheyenne, 9. Fast Thunder, Wa-Kin-Yan Lu-Za-Han, 10. No Flesh, Co-Ni-Ca Wa-Ni-Ca, 11. American Horse, Wa-Si-Cun Ta-Shum-Ke, 12. Capt. George Sword (Indian Police), 13. Plenty Bears, Ma-To O-Ta, 14. Benjamin Rowland, Interpreter (for Cheyennes), 15. Philip Wells, Interpreter, 16. Col. H. D. Gallagher, Agent at Pine Ridge. (There were a number of Northern Cheyenne still living on Pine Ridge in 1888; Little Chief and Standing Elk were their head men. --H. H. A.)

Fifth Row, Left to Right: Cheyenne River, Crow Creek, and Lower Brule Delegations. 1. White Ghost (Lower Yanktonai from Crow Creek), 2. Drifting Goose (Lower Yanktonai from Crow Creek), 3. Bowed Head (Yanktonai from Crow Creek), 4. Little Bear (Cheyenne River), Mato Cikala, 5. Spotted Elk (Cheyenne River; this Spotted Elk is the "Big Foot" of the Wounded Knee incident), 6. Crow Eagle (Cheyenne River), Kan-Gi Wan-Bli, 7. White Swan (Cheyenne River), Ma-Ga-Ska, 8. Charger (Cheyenne River), Wa-A-Na-Tan, 9. Spotted Eagle (Cheyenne River), Wan-Bli- Gle-Ska, 10. Swift Bird (Cheyenne River), Zi-Tka-La Lu-Za-Han, 11. Little No Heart (Cheyenne River), Can-Te Wa-Ni-Ca Ci-Ka-La, 12. Narcisse Narcelle (Interpreter, Crow Creek Agency), 13. Wm. Larabee (Also spelled Larvie), Interpreter (Crow Creek Agency), 14. Dr C. E. Mc Chesney, Agent at Cheyenne River Agency.

Sixth Row, Left to Right: 1. Mark Wells, Interpreter (Crow Creek), 2. Wm. Carpenter, Capt. of Police Force (Crow Creek), 3. Fire Thunder, Capt. of Police Force (Lower Brule), 4. Medicine Bull (Lower Brule), 5. Bull Head (Lower Brule), 6. Wizi (Lower Yanktonai from Crow Creek). Seventh Row, Left to Right: 1. Major W. W. Anderson, Agent at Crow Creek and Lower Brule, 2. Alec Recontre, Interpreter (Lower Brule Agency), 3. Joe Campbell, Interpreter [Identification by Wrenne, not identified on original].
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.10000525

OPPS NEG.43563
Local Note:
Black and white copy film negative
Place:
D C -- Washington
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / ANONYMOUS
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3847ebdc1-75b0-47a2-b8de-95c6fa07c044
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref8274

Captain Pratt and Indian boys posed in front of building, Fort Marion, Florida

Creator:
ANONYMOUS  Search this
Names:
Bear's Heart  Search this
Buffalo Scout  Search this
Buzzard  Search this
Cohoe  Search this
Koba, 1848-1880.  Search this
Little Chief  Search this
Making Medicine, 1844?-1931  Search this
Matches  Search this
Nick  Search this
Ohettoint  Search this
Pratt, Richard Henry, 1840-1924  Search this
Roman Nose, Henry Caruthers, 1855-1917.  Search this
Shave Head  Search this
Soaring Eagle  Search this
Tichkematse, 1857-1932  Search this
Tounkeuh  Search this
Tsadeltah  Search this
Tsaitkopeta  Search this
White Bear (Hopi)  Search this
White Man  Search this
Zonekeuh  Search this
Zotom  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (3x4 in)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Florida -- Fort Marion
Date:
Mar or Apr 1878
Scope and Contents:
Group identified as follows: Front row, left to right: Little Chief, Shave Head, Nick, Buzzard, Koba, Tounkeuh, Ohettoint. Second row, left to right: Captain Pratt, Tsadeltah, Matches, Buffalo Scout, Tsaitkopeta, Soaring Eagle, White Bear. Third row, left to right: Bear's Heart, Zonekeuh, Roman Nose, Squint Eyes, White Man. Last row, left to right: Cohoe, Making Medicine, Zotom. Absent - Etahdeluh. [All but Matches and Buffalo Scout were artists]. Photograph identifications from Karen Daniels Petersen, Plains Indian Art From Fort Marion, University of Oklahoma Press, 1971 (1974 pjr)
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.54546
Local Note:
Black and white copy negative
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / ANONYMOUS
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3b63e6af0-958a-4794-84b6-528109066778
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref12216

Delegation to Washington, October 14, 1888 under James McLaughlin, photographed on the steps of the Capitol

Creator:
ANONYMOUS  Search this
Standing Elk Cheyenne  Search this
Names:
A-Ki-Ci-Ta Na-Jin  Search this
American Horse, 1840-1908  Search this
Anderson, W. W., Maj  Search this
Bad Wild Horse  Search this
Bear's Rib  Search this
Belt, R. V.  Search this
Big Foot (Dakota)  Search this
Big Head  Search this
Black Wolf  Search this
Bowed Head, Dakota  Search this
Brave Bear  Search this
Bull Head (Dakota)  Search this
Campbell, Joe  Search this
Can-Te Pe-Ta  Search this
Can-Te Wa-Ni-Ca Ci-Ka-La  Search this
Carpenter, William  Search this
Ce-Tan Ci-Ka-La  Search this
Ce-Tan Wa-Kin-Yan  Search this
Charger  Search this
Church, L. K., Gov  Search this
Cleveland, William J., Reverend  Search this
Co-Ni-Ca Wa-Ni-Ca  Search this
Crow Eagle  Search this
Dog Back  Search this
Drifting Goose  Search this
Eagle Horse  Search this
Fast Thunder  Search this
Fire Heart  Search this
Fire Thunder (Dakota)  Search this
Flood, Thomas  Search this
Gall (Dakota)  Search this
Gallagher, H. D. Col  Search this
Gardner, R. S., Col  Search this
Good Eagle  Search this
Good Lance  Search this
Good Voice  Search this
Grass, John Chief  Search this
Grey Eagle Tail  Search this
Grey Eagle, Dakota  Search this
Hairy Chin  Search this
He Dog  Search this
High Bear  Search this
High Eagle  Search this
Hin-Zi  Search this
Ho Wa-Ste  Search this
Ho-Gan Luta  Search this
I-Ku Hin-La  Search this
Kan-Gi Wan-Bli  Search this
Larabee, William  Search this
Larvie, William  Search this
Little Bear  Search this
Little Chief  Search this
Little Hawk  Search this
Little No Heart  Search this
Little Wound  Search this
Ma-Ga-Ska  Search this
Ma-To Cu-Wi  Search this
Ma-To Luza-Han  Search this
Ma-To Non-Pa  Search this
Ma-To O-Han-Ke  Search this
Ma-To O-Hi-Ti-Ka  Search this
Ma-To O-Ta  Search this
Ma-To Wan-Kan-Tu-Ya  Search this
Mad Bear  Search this
Mato Cikala  Search this
McChesney, C. E., Dr.  Search this
McLaughlin, James Major  Search this
Medicine Bull (Dakota)  Search this
Na-Su-La Tan-Ka  Search this
Narcelle, Narcisse  Search this
No Flesh  Search this
Oberly, John H., Hon  Search this
Pa Tan-Ka  Search this
Pe-Ji  Search this
Pi-Zi  Search this
Plenty Bears  Search this
Pratt, Richard Henry, 1840-1924.  Search this
Pretty Eagle  Search this
Pretty Lance  Search this
Primeau, Louis  Search this
Quick Bear  Search this
Recontre, Alec  Search this
Red Fish  Search this
Rice, Edmond, Hon  Search this
Ring Thunder  Search this
Rowland, Benjamin  Search this
Si-Yo Wi-Ki  Search this
Sitting Bull (Hunkpapa, Dakota)  Search this
Sky Bull  Search this
Spencer, L. F., Col  Search this
Spotted Eagle  Search this
Spotted Elk  Search this
Standing Soldier, 1st Lieut  Search this
Stevick, G. L.  Search this
Sun-K To-Ke-Ca Wak-Pa-Iya  Search this
Sun-Ka Blo-Ka  Search this
Sun-Ka Tapetu  Search this
Sung-Wa-To-Gla Si-Ca  Search this
Swift Bear  Search this
Swift Bird  Search this
Sword, George, Capt  Search this
Ta-Opi Ci-Ka-La  Search this
Ta-Tan-Ka Ma-Hpi-Ya  Search this
Ta-Tan-Ka-Iyo-Tan-Ke  Search this
Tappen, S. F., Col  Search this
Thunder Hawk  Search this
Two Bears, Stephen  Search this
Two Strikes  Search this
Two Strikes  Search this
Two Strikes  Search this
Ugly Wild Horse  Search this
Wa-A-Na-Tan  Search this
Wa-Hin-Kpe Wa-Ste  Search this
Wa-Kin-Yan Can-Gle-Ska  Search this
Wa-Kin-Yan Lu-Za-Han  Search this
Wa-Si-Cun Ta-Shum-Ke  Search this
Walking Eagle  Search this
Wan-Bli Ho Ta  Search this
Wan-Bli Ma-Ni  Search this
Wan-Bli Sun-Ka  Search this
Wan-Bli Wa-Ste  Search this
Wan-Bli Wan-Kan-Tuya  Search this
Wan-Bli- Gle-Ska  Search this
Wandli Sinte Hota  Search this
Wells, Mark  Search this
Wells, Philip F.  Search this
White Ghost  Search this
White Swan  Search this
Wizi  Search this
Wright, John V., Hon  Search this
Yellow Bear  Search this
Yellow Hair  Search this
Zi-Tka-La Lu-Za-Han  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (8x10 in)
Culture:
Sioux  Search this
Dakota -- Upper Yanktonai  Search this
Dakota -- Lower Yanktonai  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Dakota -- Brule  Search this
Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)  Search this
Blackfoot -- Dakota  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)  Search this
Brulé Indians  Search this
Yanktonnai Nakota (Yankton Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
Oct 14 1888
Scope and Contents:
From the Wrenne list and the list from the South Dakota Historical Society have been compiled a list for distribution which combines the identifications from the two lists. Mr Anderson used a copy of the Wrenne list, submitted to him by the BAE, and made corrections and added the Agency names from the South Dakota Historical Society photograph. The South Dakota Historical Society list did not contain the Indian names; these are all from the Wrenne list. The tribal identifications and other comments in parentheses are by Harry Anderson. Note: In January 1965 an original print was located in the U. S. National Museum. (Division of Ethnology) collection which has the individuals numbered and a printed list of names attached to the mount. Presumably this is like the one from which Anderson worked at the South Dakota Historical Society. A new typed list was made, January '65, crediting the N. M. print as the source (and correcting some previous mis-readings of Anderson's writing) of the English names.

The English names are taken from an original print in the U. S. National Museum collection which has the individuals numbered and a printed list of names attached to the mount. The Indian names below were supplied in 1937 by Vernon W. Wrenne, Rockford, Illinois, with the help of Indian friends and a missionary to the Indians, Mr Thomas Riggs of Pierre, South Dakota, then aged 90. Tribal designations and other comments in parenthenses were supplied in 1960 by Harry Anderson, Assistant Secretary, South Dakota Historical Society, Pierre, South Dakota.

First Row, Left to Right: 1. G. L. Stevick - Teacher at Rosebud Agency; see BAE Photos Catalog Number 4574:(33). 2. Col. S. F. Tappen - Member of 1867-68 Peace Commission). 3. Col. R. S. Gardner, Inspector (Indian Department). - Possibly same as man at left in BAE Photos Catalog Number 4574:(13 ?) 4. R. V. Belt, Indian Department - Sometime acting Commissioner of Indian Affairs. 5. Hon. John V. Wright, Commissioner - Judge John V. Wright, Tennessee; see BAE Negative Number "Portraits" 13-b. 6. Rev. William J. Cleveland, Commissioner -Missionary at Rosebud Agency. 7. Capt. R. H. Pratt, Commissioner - Head of Carlisle Indian School. 8. Hon. John H. Oberly, Commissioner of Indian Affairs. 9. Gov. L. K. Church of Dakota Territory. 10. Hon. Edmond Rice, Minnesota.

Second Row, Left to Right: Rosebud Agency Delegation (All Brule Sioux) 1. Ugly Wild Horse (Bad Wild Horse) Sung-Wa-To-Gla Si-Ca, 2. Pretty Eagle (Good Eagle) Wan-Bli Wa-Ste, 3. He Dog, Sun-Ka Blo-Ka, 4. Good Voice, Ho Wa-Ste, 5. Quick Bear, Ma-To O-Han-Ke, 6. Black Wolf, Sun-K To-Ke-Ca Wak-Pa-Iya, 7. Swift Bear, Ma-To Luza-Han, 8. Ring Thunder, Wa-Kin-Yan Can Gle-Ska, 9. Two Strike, Nom Kahpa or Nom A Papi, 10. Grey Eagle Tail, Wandli Sinte Hota, 11. Sky Bull, Ta-Tan-Ka Ma-Hpi-Ya, 12. Red Fish, Ho-Gan Luta, 13. Yellow Hair, Hin-Zi, 14. Eagle Horse, Wan-Bli Sun-Ka, 15. Thomas Flood, Interpreter, 16. Col. L. F. Spencer, Agent at Rosebud.

Third Row, Left to Right: Standing Rock Agency Delegation. 1. Sitting Bull (Hunkpapa Sioux) Ta-Tan-Ka-Iyo-Tan-Ke, 2. Stephen Two Bears (Lower Yanktonai) Ma-To Non-Pa, 3. Bear's Rib (Hunkpapa Sioux), Ma-To Cu-Wi, 4. Thunder Hawk (Hunkpapa Sioux), Ce-Tan Wa-Kin-Yan, 5. High Eagle (Hunkpapa Sioux), Wan-Bli Wan-Kan-Tuya, 6. Big Head (Upper Yanktonai), Na-Su-La Tan-Ka or Pa Tan-Ka, 7. Mad Bear (Lower Yanktonai) (Brave Bear), Ma-To O-Hi-Ti-Ka, 8. Grey Eagle (Hunkpapa), Wan-Bli Ho Ta, 9. Hairy Chin (Hunkpapa) I-Ku Hin-La, 10. Walking Eagle (Upper Yanktonai), Wan-Bli Ma-Ni, called "Black Prairie Dog" in Lewis Crawford's Rekindling Campfires, Bismark, 1926, plate facing page 270 (showing Standing Rock delegation only), 11. High Bear (Upper Yanktonai), Ma-To Wan-Kan-Tu-Ya, 12. Fire Heart (Blackfoot Sioux), Can-Te Pe-Ta, 13. John Grass (Blackfoot Sioux) Pe-Ji (Si-Yo Wi-Ki, nickname), 14. Gall (Hunkpapa), Pi-Zi, 15. Louis Primeau, Interpreter, 16. Major James McLaughlin, Agent at Standing Rock.

Fourth Row, Left to Right: Pine Ridge Delegation (All Oglala except two, as indicated) 1. Dog Back, Sun-Ka Tapetu, 2. Standing Soldier, 1st Lieut., Agency Police. 3. Yellow Bear, 4. Little Hawk, Ce-Tan Ci-Ka-La, 5. Little Wound, Ta-Opi Ci-Ka-La, 6. Little Chief, Cheyenne, 7. Pretty Lance (Good Lance), Wa-Kin-Kpe Wa-Ste, 8. Standing Elk, Cheyenne, 9. Fast Thunder, Wa-Kin-Yan Lu-Za-Han, 10. No Flesh, Co-Ni-Ca Wa-Ni-Ca, 11. American Horse, Wa-Si-Cun Ta-Shum-Ke, 12. Capt. George Sword (Indian Police), 13. Plenty Bears, Ma-To O-Ta, 14. Benjamin Rowland, Interpreter (for Cheyennes), 15. Philip Wells, Interpreter, 16. Col. H. D. Gallagher, Agent at Pine Ridge. (There were a number of Northern Cheyenne still living on Pine Ridge in 1888; Little Chief and Standing Elk were their head men. --H. H. A.)

Fifth Row, Left to Right: Cheyenne River, Crow Creek, and Lower Brule Delegations. 1. White Ghost (Lower Yanktonai from Crow Creek), 2. Drifting Goose (Lower Yanktonai from Crow Creek), 3. Bowed Head (Yanktonai from Crow Creek), 4. Little Bear (Cheyenne River), Mato Cikala, 5. Spotted Elk (Cheyenne River; this Spotted Elk is the "Big Foot" of the Wounded Knee incident), 6. Crow Eagle (Cheyenne River), Kan-Gi Wan-Bli, 7. White Swan (Cheyenne River), Ma-Ga-Ska, 8. Charger (Cheyenne River), Wa-A-Na-Tan, 9. Spotted Eagle (Cheyenne River), Wan-Bli- Gle-Ska, 10. Swift Bird (Cheyenne River), Zi-Tka-La Lu-Za-Han, 11. Little No Heart (Cheyenne River), Can-Te Wa-Ni-Ca Ci-Ka-La, 12. Narcisse Narcelle (Interpreter, Crow Creek Agency), 13. Wm. Larabee (Also spelled Larvie), Interpreter (Crow Creek Agency), 14. Dr C. E. Mc Chesney, Agent at Cheyenne River Agency.

Sixth Row, Left to Right: 1. Mark Wells, Interpreter (Crow Creek), 2. Wm. Carpenter, Capt. of Police Force (Crow Creek), 3. Fire Thunder, Capt. of Police Force (Lower Brule), 4. Medicine Bull (Lower Brule), 5. Bull Head (Lower Brule), 6. Wizi (Lower Yanktonai from Crow Creek). Seventh Row, Left to Right: 1. Major W. W. Anderson, Agent at Crow Creek and Lower Brule, 2. Alec Recontre, Interpreter (Lower Brule Agency), 3. Joe Campbell, Interpreter [Identification by Wrenne, not identified on original].
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.10000522

OPPS NEG.3351 C
Local Note:
Black and white copy film negative
Place:
D C -- Washington
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / ANONYMOUS
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3fbf80a53-d272-4765-88cd-3a1916bd616c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref8271

American Indians, chained and unchained : being an address before the Pennsylvania Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion, at the Union League, Philadelphia, October 23, 1912, entitled "One of General Sheridan's ways with Indians and what came of it," supplemented by an address to the Society of American Indians at their annual convention, in Columbus, Ohio, October 5, 1912, on "The ...

Author:
Pratt, Richard Henry 1840-1924  Search this
Physical description:
24 p. ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1912
1912]
Topic:
Government relations  Search this
Education  Search this
Call number:
E83.866.P92X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_345299

Battlefield and classroom; four decades with the American Indian, 1867-1904. Edited and with an introd. by Robert M. Utley

Author:
Pratt, Richard Henry 1840-1924  Search this
Subject:
Pratt, Richard Henry 1840-1924  Search this
United States Indian School (Carlisle, Pa.)  Search this
United States Army Military life  Search this
Physical description:
xix, 358 p. illus., facsim., maps, ports. 26 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1964
1866-1895
Topic:
Wars  Search this
Call number:
E97.6.C2 P91
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_20371

The Indian Industrial School, Carlisle, Pennsylvania : its origins, purposes, progress, and the difficulties surmounted / by R.H. Pratt ..

Author:
Pratt, Richard Henry 1840-1924  Search this
Utley, Robert M. 1929-  Search this
Subject:
United States Indian School (Carlisle, Pa.) History  Search this
Physical description:
56 p. : ill. ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1979
1908
Topic:
Education--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_620947

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