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MS 4689 Matilda Coxe Stevenson Papers

Creator:
Stevenson, Matilda Coxe, 1850-1915  Search this
Stevenson, James, 1840-1888  Search this
Evans, Alexander H.  Search this
Correspondent:
Anderson, Larz, 1866-1937  Search this
Avery, Rachel Foster  Search this
Baird, Spencer Fullerton, 1823-1887  Search this
Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952  Search this
Douglass, William Boone  Search this
Eagle, Mary K.  Search this
Gill, Mary W.  Search this
Goode, G. Brown (George Brown), 1851-1896  Search this
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
Holmes, Oliver Wendell, Jr., 1841-1935  Search this
Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933  Search this
Hornaday, W.T.  Search this
Leidy, Joseph  Search this
McGee, Anita Newcomb, 1864-1940  Search this
Meredith, Virginia C.  Search this
Moseley, A.N.  Search this
Nordhoff-Jung, Sophie  Search this
Pollard, Henry L.  Search this
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Putnam, F. W. (Frederic Ward), 1839-1915  Search this
Schweizer, Herman  Search this
Sherman, William Tecumseh Lieut. General  Search this
True, Clara D.  Search this
Tylor, Edward Burnett  Search this
Walcott, Charles D. (Charles Doolittle), 1850-1927  Search this
Bourke, John Gregory, 1846-1896  Search this
Names:
Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904: Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
World's Columbian Exposition (1893 : Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
Depicted:
Carson, Kit  Search this
Darwin, Charles  Search this
Dickens, Charles, 1812-1870  Search this
Hayden, F. V. (Ferdinand Vandeveer), 1829-1887  Search this
Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 1807-1882  Search this
Sherman, William Tecumseh Lieut. General  Search this
Extent:
5 Linear feet
Culture:
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
ca. 1870-1910
Scope and Contents:
Most of Stevenson's scientific notes are included as separate items in the series of numbered manuscript and the papers of John Peabody Harrington. This particular set of materials is made up of papers that passed into the hands of the executor of her estate. It consists of a miscellany of letters, notes, legal documents, cartographic materials, genealogical materials, photographs, newspaper clippsing, other printed material, and other types of documents. Although tehc ollection largely concerns Stevenson, it also includes some material of her husband, James Stevenson, and members of her family, especially her father, Alexander H. Evans, a Washington, D.C. attorney.
Many of the documents concern Stevenson's field work among the Pueblo Indians and other official duties with the Smithsonian. some material relates to her activities with the World's Columbian Exposition and the Louisiana Purchase Exposition. A few items concern her membership in scientific organizations. Still other documents are of a personal nature, and some are mementoes, especially of James Stevenson. A significant group of documents concern Matilda CoxeStevenson's friendly and, later, very difficult relationship with Clara True.
The photographs include some items of ethnographic interest but it consists largely of portraits of James andMatilda Stevensonand Mrs. Stevenson's relatives. Also included are images in albums apparently gathered by Stevenson as a collector of photographs. They include images of Kit Carson, Charles Darwin, Charles Dickens, Ferdinand Vandiveer Hayden, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, and William Tecumseh Shermn. In the albums are also a nubmer of photographic portraits with unidentified subjects, many of whom appear to be actors and actresses.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4689
Occupation:
Actors -- depicted  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4689, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4689
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4689

Geographical and Geological Survey of the Rocky Mountain Region stereographs of canyons on the Green and Colorado Rivers

Creator:
Geographical and Geological Survey of the Rocky Mountain Region (U.S.)  Search this
Names:
Geological Survey (U.S.)  Search this
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Thompson, A. H. (Almon Harris), 1839-1906  Search this
Washakie, approximately 1804-1900  Search this
Photographer:
Beaman, Edward O.  Search this
Fennimore, James  Search this
Hillers, John K., 1843-1925  Search this
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
Extent:
45 Stereographs (albumen)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Stereographs
Photographs
Place:
Colorado River Watershed (Colo.-Mexico)
Green River Watershed (Wyo.-Utah)
Date:
circa 1871
Scope and Contents note:
Stereographs published by the Geographical and Geological Survey of the Rocky Mountain Region, documenting canyons along the Green and Colorado Rivers and surveyors. Although the images in this collection are credited to Powell and A. H. Thompson, the primary photographers on these surveys were John K. Hillers, E. O. Beaman, and James Fennemore. There is also one stereograph of Washakie's camp, made by William Henry Jackson on September 4, 1871; it is from the series "Picturesque Views of Rocky Mountain Scenery."
Biographical/Historical note:
The geological survey of John Wesley Powell, first authorized in 1870, was known by several names before its final designation as the United States Geographical and Geological Survey of the Rocky Mountain Region. The photograph mounts in this collection refer to the "U.S. Topographical and Geological Survey of the Valley of the Colorado," a survey that continued Powell's earlier work in the basin of the Colorado River. John K. Hillers (1843-1925) was hired as a boatman for John Wesley Powell's second expedition down the Colorado River in 1871. Initially working as an assistant to team photographers E. O. Beaman and James Fennimore, Hillers eventually became the main photographer for the expedition in 1872.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 76-131
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Photographs relating to the Powell surveys can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 4605, Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 33, Photo Lot 37, Photo Lot 140.
The Library of Congress, the Bancroft Library at the University of California at Berkeley, and the New York Public Library hold additional stereographs from the Geographical and Geological Survey of the Rocky Mountain Region.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Stereographs
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 76-131, Geographical and Geological Survey of the Rocky Mountain Region stereographs of canyons on the Green and Colorado Rivers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.76-131
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-76-131

Portraits of anthropologists

Depicted:
American Association for the Advancement of Science  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
United States De Soto Expedition Commission  Search this
Boas, Franz, 1858-1942  Search this
Bond, Q. M.  Search this
Cammerer, Arno B.  Search this
Cushing, Frank Hamilton, 1857-1900  Search this
Davis, E. H. (Edwin Hamilton), 1811-1888  Search this
Densmore, Frances, 1867-1957  Search this
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Drucker, Philip, 1911-1982  Search this
Fewkes, Jesse Walter, 1850-1930  Search this
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Geary, James A.  Search this
Goode, G. Brown (George Brown), 1851-1896  Search this
Hale, Horatio, 1817-1896  Search this
Harrington, John Peabody, 1884-1961  Search this
Henshaw, Henry W. (Henry Wetherbee), 1850-1930  Search this
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Hillers, John K., 1843-1925  Search this
Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933  Search this
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
Judd, Neil Merton, 1887-1976  Search this
Knez, Eugene I. (Eugene Irving), 1916-2010  Search this
Kroeber, A. L. (Alfred Louis), 1876-1960  Search this
Le Plongeon, Augustus, 1826-1908  Search this
Mason, Otis T., 1838-1908  Search this
Matthews, Washington, 1843-1905  Search this
McGee, W J, 1853-1912  Search this
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart), 1855-1942  Search this
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Morgan, Lewis Henry, 1818-1881  Search this
Pilling, James Constantine, 1846-1895  Search this
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Rink, Signe  Search this
Roberts, Frank H. H. (Frank Harold Hanna), 1897-1966  Search this
Royce, Charles C., 1845-1923  Search this
Stephenson, Robert L. (Robert Lloyd), 1919-  Search this
Stevenson, James, 1840-1888  Search this
Stevenson, Matilda Coxe, 1850-1915  Search this
Steward, Julian Haynes, 1902-1972  Search this
Struever, Stuart  Search this
Swan, James G., 1818-1900  Search this
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Upham, E. P. (Edwin Porter), 1845-1918  Search this
Washburn, Wilcomb E.  Search this
Willey, Gordon R. (Gordon Randolph), 1913-2002  Search this
Photographer:
Bachrach & Brother  Search this
Blackstone Studios  Search this
National Geographic Society (U.S.)  Search this
Bailey, Vernon Orlando  Search this
Dana (of New York)  Search this
Garrett, Gene  Search this
Gilbert, C. W.  Search this
Gill, De Lancey, 1859-1940  Search this
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
Kemethy, Kets  Search this
Koby, Paul  Search this
McDonough, David  Search this
Parker, Charles  Search this
Phillips, H. C.  Search this
Rice (of Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Shuck, J. A.  Search this
Names:
Geological Survey (U.S.)  Search this
Artist:
Nicholson, Grace, -1948  Search this
Extent:
1 Print (photogravure)
8 Prints (halftone (including one newspaper clipping))
124 Prints (circa, silver gelatin, albumen, and platinum)
50 Copy prints (circa)
3 copper printing plates
1 Color print
1 Print (wood engraving)
3 Copy negatives (glass)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Copy prints
Color prints
Copy negatives
Photographs
Date:
circa 1860s-1970
Scope and Contents note:
This collection is an artificial collection of photographs, copper plates, and a few notes, all of which depict or relate to anthropologists, many of which were associated with the Bureau of American Ethnology.

Included are portraits of Franz Boas, Q. M. Bond, Arno B. Cammerer, Frank Hamilton Cushing, Edwin Hamilton Davis, J. Woodbridge Davis, Frances Densmore, James Owen Dorsey, Philip Drucker, Jesse Walter Fewkes (including photographs of his home by Frances Densmore), Albert Samuel Gatschet, James A. Geary, De Lancey W. Gill, George Brown Goode, Horatio Hale, Henry Wetherbee Henshaw, John Napoleon Brinton Hewitt, John K. Hillers, William Henry Holmes, William Henry Jackson, Eugene Irving Knez, Alfred Louis Kroeber, Pere Albert Lacomb, Augustus Le Plongeon, James Mooney, Lewis Henry Morgan, Carl Oschsicanes, James Constantine Pilling, John Wesley Powell, Frau Signe Rink, Frank Harold Hanna Roberts, Jr., Charles C. Royce, Robert Lloyd Stephenson, James Stevenson, Matilda Coxe Stevenson, Julian Haynes Steward, Steward Struever, James Gilchrist Swan, John Reed Swanton, Edwin P. Upham, Wilcomb E. Washburn, and Gordon Randolph Willey. Groups depicted include the staff of the Bureau of American Ethnology, 1936; the De Soto Commission; officers of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1885; a 1920 expedition group to Hawikuk; staff of the Great Lakes Division, United States Geological Survey, in Salt Lake City, 1882; a group at Moundville, Alabama, 1932; the University of Nebraska archeological field party, 1920; the Pecos conference, 1927; John Wesley Powell with Wild Hank, Kentucky Mountain Bill, and Jesus Aloiso; and the United States Geological Survey staff, ca. 1894.

Among photographers represented are Vernon Orlando Bailey, Blackston Studios of New York, Dana of New York, Frances Densmore, Gene Garrett, C. W. Gilbert, De Lancey W. Gill, John K. Hillers, William H. Jackson, Kets Kemethy, Paul Koby, David McDonough, H. C. Phillips, Rice of Washington, D. C., and J. A. Shuck of El Reno, Oklahoma.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 33
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Four photographs with negatives by Matilda Coxe Stevenson have been relocated to Photo Lot 23.
This collection includes photographs that have been removed from other collections in the National Anthropological Archives, including MS 4970, MS 4851, MS 4780, MS 4250, MS 4751, MS 4516, MS 4860, MS 4695, MS 4970, and MS 4558.
See others in:
Portraits of anthropologists, 1860s-1960s
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Copy prints of original photographs held by the American Philosophical Society, National Geographic Society, and National Archives cannot be copied. Copies may be obtained from these repositories.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 33, Portraits of anthropologists, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.33
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-33

James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West

Creator:
Taylor, James E., 1839-1901 (artist and collector)  Search this
Names:
Geological Survey (U.S.)  Search this
United States. Army  Search this
Buffalo Bill, 1846-1917  Search this
Crook, George, 1829-1890  Search this
Custer, George Armstrong, 1839-1876  Search this
Hickok, Wild Bill, 1837-1876  Search this
Juárez, Benito, 1806-1872  Search this
Kinman, Seth  Search this
Miles, Nelson Appleton, 1839-1925  Search this
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Red Cloud, 1822-1909  Search this
Richard, Louis  Search this
Sheridan, Philip Henry, 1831-1888  Search this
Sitting Bull, 1831-1890  Search this
Spotted Tail, 1823-1881  Search this
Photographer:
Barry, D. F. (David Francis), 1854-1934  Search this
Easterly, Thomas M. (Thomas Martin), 1809-1882  Search this
Eaton, E. L. (Edric L.), b. ca. 1836  Search this
Ebell, Adrian J. (Adrian John), 1840-1877  Search this
Gardner, Alexander, 1821-1882  Search this
Hillers, John K., 1843-1925  Search this
Jackson, William Henry, 1843-1942  Search this
M'Clees, Jas. E. (James E.)  Search this
O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 1840-1882  Search this
Pywell, Wm. R. (William Redish), 1843-1886  Search this
Vannerson, Julian, 1827-  Search this
Whitney, Joel E. (Joel Emmons), 1822-1886  Search this
Extent:
4 Tintypes
3 Chromolithographs
3 Lithographs (3 chalk-manner lithographs)
1 Print (photogravure)
118 Pages (Scrapbook)
685 Prints (circa, albumen)
80 Items (circa 80 relief prints (including woodcuts and wood engraving))
30 Items (circa 30 intaglio prints (including etchings and engravings))
Culture:
Apache  Search this
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Niuam (Comanche)  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Fox Indians  Search this
A'aninin (Gros Ventre)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Modoc  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Winnebago Indians  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Sauk  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Ute Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Tintypes
Chromolithographs
Lithographs
Prints
Pages
Photographs
Newspapers
Woodcuts
Place:
Mexico
Taos Pueblo (N.M.)
California
Oregon
Fort Davis (Tex.)
New Mexico
Fort Snelling (Minn.)
Arizona
Texas
San Juan Pueblo (N.M.)
Zuni (N.M.)
Kansas
Colorado
Date:
circa 1863-1900
Summary:
Scrapbook entitled "Our Wild Indians in Peace and War: Surveys, Expeditions, Mining and Scenery of the Great West," compiled by James E. Taylor, possibly as a source for his own illustrations.
Scope and Contents:
Scrapbook entitled "Our Wild Indians in Peace and War: Surveys, Expeditions, Mining and Scenery of the Great West," compiled by James E. Taylor, possibly as a source for his own illustrations. The album includes photographs (mostly albumen with three tintypes), newsclippings, wood engravings, and lithographs, some of which are reproductions of Taylor's own illustrations and paintings. Photographs depict American Indians, US Army soldiers and scouts, historical sites, forts, and scenery. Some were made on expeditions, including the Hayden and Powell surveys, and created from published stereographs. Many of Taylor's illustrations are signed, and some are inscribed with dates and "N. Y." The scrapbook also includes clippings from newspapers and other written sources relating to illustrations and photographs in the album.
Biographical Note:
James E. Taylor (1839-1901) was an artist-correspondent for Leslie's Illustrated Weekly Newspaper from 1863-1883. Born in Cincinatti, Ohio, he graduated from Notre Dame University by the age of sixteen. Taylor enlisted in the 10th New York Infantry in 1861 and the next year was hired by Leslie's Illustrated newspaper as a "Special Artist" and war correspondent. In 1864 he covered the Shenandoah Valley campaign, and was later one of the illustrator-correspondents at the 1867 treaty negotiations at Medicine Lodge, Kansas. He soon earned the moniker "Indian Artist" because of his vast number of drawings of American Indians. In 1883 Taylor retired from Leslie's to work as a freelance illustrator. Colonel Richard Irving Dodge used Taylor's drawings to illustrate his memoir, "Our Wild Indians: Thirty-three Years' Personal Experience among the Red Men of the Great West" (1882).
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 4605
Related Materials:
The National Anthropolgical Archives holds additional photographs by photographers represented in this collection (including original negatives for some of these prints), particularly in Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 37, Photo Lot 60, Photo Lot 87.

Additional photographs by Whitney, Gardner, and Barry held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 80-18.

Julian Vannerson and James E. McClees photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 4286.

Pywell photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 4498.

O'Sullivan photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo lot 4501.

Additional Hillers photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 83-18 and Photo Lot 87-2N.
Provenance:
Donated or transferred by John Witthoft from the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, April 14, 1961.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Church buildings  Search this
Mines and mineral resources  Search this
Dance  Search this
White River Massacre, Colo., 1879  Search this
Painting  Search this
Washita Campaign, 1868-1869  Search this
Mormon Church -- History  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Newspapers
Woodcuts
Tintypes
Citation:
MS 4605, James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4605
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4605
Online Media:

MS 822 Pa-vi-o'-tsi vocabulary

Creator:
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Extent:
88 Pages
Culture:
Paiute  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
May, 1873
Scope and Contents:
Clerk's copy of Powell's Manuscript 1490.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 822
Local Note:
Clerk's copy of Powell's Manuscript 1490.
manuscript document
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 822, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS822
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms822

MS 821 Las Vegas Vocabulary and Grammatic Notes

Creator:
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Extent:
66 Pages
Culture:
Paiute  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
ca. 1873
Scope and Contents:
Description of the Mono language. Clerk's copy of Powell's Manuscript 1493.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 821
Local Note:
manuscript document
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 821, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS821
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms821

MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers

Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Names:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
Bushotter, George, 1864-1892  Search this
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Riggs, Stephen Return, 1812-1883  Search this
Extent:
30 Linear feet (70 boxes, 1 oversized box, 20 manuscript envelopes, 4 rolled maps, and 23 map folders)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Athapascan Indians  Search this
Minitari (Hidatsa)  Search this
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Biloxi Indians  Search this
Tutelo Indians  Search this
Iowa  Search this
Chiwere  Search this
Winnebago Indians  Search this
Oto  Search this
Quapaw Indians  Search this
Osage  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Teton Indians  Search this
Dhegiha Indians  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Tututni Indians  Search this
Kaw (Kansa)  Search this
Siletz  Search this
Coos (Kusan)  Search this
Yakonan Indians  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southeast  Search this
Takelma Indians  Search this
Klikitat  Search this
Chasta Costa (Chastacosta)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Field notes
Drawings
Vocabulary
Folklore
Sermons
Manuscripts
Obituaries
Correspondence
Newspaper clippings
Place:
Siletz Indian Reservation (Or.)
Date:
circa 1870-1956
bulk 1870-1895
Summary:
Reverend James Owen Dorsey (1848-1895) was a missionary and Bureau of American Ethnology ethnologist who conducted extensive research on Siouan tribes and languages.The papers of James Owen Dorsey comprise mostly ethnographic and linguistic materials on various tribes of the Siouan language family as well as tribes from Siletz Reservation in Oregon. These materials include texts and letters with interlineal translations; grammar notes; dictionaries; drawings; and his manuscripts. In addition, the collection contains Dorsey's correspondence, newspaper clippings, his obituaries, and reprints.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains James O. Dorsey's research and writings as a BAE ethnologist, as well as his earlier work as a missionary among the Ponca. The vast majority of the collection pertains to his research on Siouan-Catawban languages, including the Dakota and Dhegiha languages, Chiwere, Winnebago, Mandan, Hidatsa, Tutelo, Biloxi, and Catawba. His research on Athapascan, Kusan, Takilman, and Yakonan languages from his field work at Siletz Reservation are also present, as well as some notes on the Caddoan languages. Dorsey's research files include linguistic and ethnological field notes, reading notes, stories and myths, vocabularies, drawings, and unpublished and published manuscripts. The collection also contains Omaha, Ponca, Quapaw, and Biloxi dictionaries that he compiled and materials relating to his work editing Steven Riggs' Dakota-English Dictionary. Additional noteworthy materials in the collection are Teton texts and drawings from George Bushotter and drawings by Stephen Stubbs (Kansa), Pahaule-gagli (Kansa), and George Miller (Omaha). The collection also contains Dorsey's correspondence, newspaper clippings, obituaries, and his collection of reprints.
Arrangement:
The collection is organized into 6 series: 1) Siouan; 2) Siletz Reservation; 3) Caddoan; 4) General Correspondence; 5) Personal Papers; 6) Miscellaneous & Reprints.
Biographical Note:
Reverend James Owen Dorsey (1848-1895) was a missionary and Bureau of American Ethnology ethnologist who conducted extensive research on Siouan tribes and languages.

Dorsey was born on October 31, 1848 in Baltimore, Maryland. He exhibited a talent for languages at an early age. At age 6 he learned the Hebrew alphabet and was able to read the language at age 10. In 1867 Dorsey attended the Theological Seminary of Virginia and was ordained a deacon of the Protestant Episcopal Church in 1871. In May of that year, Dorsey traveled to the Dakota Territory to serve as a missionary among the Ponca. Plagued by ill health, Dorsey was forced to end his missionary work in August 1873. By that time, however, he had learned the Ponca language well enough to converse with members of the tribe without an interpreter.

Dorsey returned to Maryland and engaged in parish work while continuing his studies of Siouan languages. His linguistic talents and knowledge of these languages attracted the attention of Major John Wesley Powell. Powell arranged for Dorsey to work among the Omaha in Nebraska from 1878 to 1880 to collect linguistic and ethnological notes. When the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) was established in 1879, Powell recruited Dorsey to join the staff.

As an ethnologist for the BAE, Dorsey continued his research on Siouan tribes. His studies focused on languages but also included Siouan personal names, folklore, social organization, religion, beliefs, and customs. He conducted fieldwork among the Tutelo at Six Nations on Grand River in Upper Canada (1882); the Kansa, Osage, and Quapaw in Indian Territory (1883-1884); the Biloxi at Lecompte, Rapides Parish, Louisiana (1892); and again with the Quapaw at the Quapaw Mission (1894). He also worked with Native Americans that visited DC, including George Bushotter (Teton), Philip Longtail (Winnebago), Samuel Fremont (Omaha), and Little Standing Buffalo (Ponca). He also spent time at Siletz Reservation in 1884 to collect linguistic notes on the Athapascan, Kusan, Takilman, and Yakonan stocks.

In addition to his research, Dorsey helped found the American Folklore Society and served as the first vice-president of the association. He also served as vice-president of Section H of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

At the age of 47, Dorsey died of typhoid fever on February 4, 1895.

Sources Consulted

1st-16th Annual Reports of the Bureau of American Ethnology. 1881-1897.

Hewitt, J.N.B. 1895. "James Owen Dorsey" American Anthropologist A8, 180-183.

McGee, W.J. 1895. "In Memoriam." Journal of American Folklore 8(28): 79-80.

1848 -- Born on October 31 in Baltimore, Maryland.

1871 -- Ordained a deacon of the Protestant Episcopal Church.

1871-1873 -- Served as a missionary among the Ponca in Dakota Territory.

1878-1880 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Omaha in Nebraska.

1879 -- Joined the staff of the Bureau of American Ethnology.

1882 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Tutelo at Six Nations on Grand River in Upper Canada.

1883-1884 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Kansa, Osage, and Quapaw in Indian Territory.

1887 -- Worked with George Bushotter to record information regarding the language and culture of the Dakota.

1884 -- Conducted fieldwork at Siletz Reservation.

1892 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Biloxi at Lecompte, Rapides Parish, Louisiana.

1894 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Quapaw at the Quapaw Mission in Indian Territory.

1895 -- Died of typhoid fever on February 4th at the age of 47.
Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Catawba Indians  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Social structure  Search this
Kinship  Search this
Manners and customs  Search this
Shahaptian languages  Search this
Yakonan languages  Search this
Athapascan languages  Search this
Kusan languages  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Siouan languages  Search this
Dhegiha language  Search this
Siuslaw Indians  Search this
Hidatsa language  Search this
Omaha language  Search this
Dakota language  Search this
Catawba language  Search this
Biloxi language  Search this
Caddoan languages  Search this
Osage language  Search this
Alsea language  Search this
Kansa language  Search this
Mandan language  Search this
Chastacosta language  Search this
Coquille language  Search this
Tutelo language  Search this
Winnebago language  Search this
Siuslaw language  Search this
Takelma language  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field notes
Drawings
Vocabulary
Folklore
Sermons
Manuscripts
Obituaries
Correspondence
Newspaper clippings
Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4800
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4800
Online Media:

MS 2116-b Vocabulary of the Kaibab Southern Paiute dialect of Ute

Creator:
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Extent:
32 Pages
Culture:
Nuwuvi (Southern Paiute)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Apparently copied from Manuscript 1484, but with changes. Copied by clerk and taped to larger sheets in alphabetical order.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 2116-b
Local Note:
Identified in 1965 by Margaret C. Blaker and Catherine Fowler.
manuscript document
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 2116-b, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2116B
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2116b
Online Media:

MS 1493 Las Vegas Vocabulary

Creator:
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Extent:
94 Pages
Culture:
Paiute  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
May-September, 1873
Scope and Contents:
General vocabulary of a Southern Paiute dialect of Ute, semantically arranged. Original, in Powell's hand.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1493
Local Note:
manuscript document
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1493, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1493
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1493

MS 1495 Comparative Philology, Wi'-mi-nu'-ints and Kai-vav-its

Creator:
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Extent:
18 Pages
Culture:
Paiute  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
ca. 1870's
Scope and Contents:
Comparative vocabularies of two dialects of Ute. Items numbered to 211, after Smithsonian Institution Comparative Vocabulary. Forms a series with Manuscripts 836-a, 1492 and 1496.)
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1495
Local Note:
manuscript document
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1495, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1495
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1495

MS 1492 Comparative Philology, Pa'-vi-o-tso and O-rai'-bi

Creator:
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Extent:
18 Pages
Culture:
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Paiute  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
A comparative study of Paiute and Hopi, only partially complete. No English glosses. Numbered 1-211, it is presumed to correspond to the schedules in Smithsonian Institution Comparative Vocabulary.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1492
Local Note:
manuscript document
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1492, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1492
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1492

MS 1491 Kai-vav-wits [Kaibab] dialect of the Shoshoni Language

Creator:
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Extent:
109 Pages
Culture:
Nuwuvi (Southern Paiute)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Clerk's copy of 1494, including Powell's corrections, but adding mistakes. Omits "Names of tribes and proper names" of original. Adds "Saying" [page 106], which is not found in the original.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1491
Local Note:
manuscript document
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1491, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1491
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1491

MS 1496 Comparative Philology, Nu-a'-gun-tits and Chem-a-hue-vis

Creator:
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Extent:
20 Pages
Culture:
Paiute  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Comparative vocabularies of a Southern Paiute and the Tan-ta-wits Chemehuevi dialect of Ute. Items numbered to 211, after Smithsonian Institution Comparative Vocabulary. Appears to form a series with Manuscripts 836-a, 1492, and 1495.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1496
Local Note:
This could be the "Tantawaits (Shimawiva)" vocabulary attributed Powell by Pilling (Bureau of American Ethnology AR 1, 1881) on page 574.
manuscript document
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1496, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1496
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1496

MS 1494 Kaivawit [Kaibab] vocabulary

Creator:
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Extent:
146 Pages
Culture:
Kaibab Paiute  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
ca. 1870's
Scope and Contents:
Dictionary of Kaibab Paiute dialect of Ute. Extensive.
Contents: Persons Original page Number 1; Consecutive page Number in []. 1. Parts of the body 2, 2. Terms denoting relationship 5, 5. Numerals (including ordinals) 13, 14. Implements and utensils 14, 20. Dress and ornaments 20, 27. Firmament and meteorological phenomena 24, 31. Time 29, 36. Winter moons 30, 37. Geographical terms 31, 38. Geographic names 38, 50. Animals 40, 61. Birds 44, 64. Reptiles 47, 68. Insects 48, 69. Fish 49, 70. Colors 50, 71. Plants, fruits, etc. 51, 72. Names of tribes, and proper names 55, 76. Nouns 58, 79. Adjectives 70, 96. Comparison of adjectives 76, 102. Pronouns (including number and cases) 78, 104. Verbs 80, 109. Adverbs 100, 131. Prepositions 104, 135. Interjections 106, 137. Prefixes and suffixes 107, 138. Phrases 108, 139. Sprites, spirits, etc. 112, 144. Mythological 113, 145. "To be looked up" 114, 146.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1494
Local Note:
This may be the work Pilling (Bureau of American Ethnology AR 1, 1881) lists as "Words, Phrases and sentences in the Kaivavwit Dialect of the Shoshoni Language," on page 574.
manuscript document
Topic:
Tools and implements -- Paiute  Search this
Kinship -- Paiute  Search this
Clothing -- Paiute  Search this
Weather -- Paiute  Search this
Zoology -- Paiute  Search this
geography -- Paiute  Search this
Colors -- Paiute  Search this
Fruit -- Paiute  Search this
Names, tribal -- Paiute  Search this
Names, Personal -- Paiute  Search this
Atime -- Paiute  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1494, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1494
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1494
Online Media:

MS 1490 Pa vi-o-tsi Vocabulary

Creator:
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Informant:
Nach-es  Search this
Extent:
61 Pages
Culture:
Paiute  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
May, 1873
Scope and Contents:
Semantically arranged vocabulary of Paviotso. In Powell's hand. Original of Manuscript 822.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1490
Local Note:
manuscript document
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1490, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1490
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1490
Online Media:

John K. Hillers photographs of Pueblos

Photographer:
Hillers, John K., 1843-1925  Search this
Artist:
Nichols, Hobart, 1869-1962  Search this
Names:
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Extent:
40 Mounted prints (circa, albumen)
Culture:
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Taos Indians  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Mounted prints
Photographs
Place:
Chelly, Canyon de (Ariz.)
Date:
1870s-1880s
bulk 1879-1879
Scope and Contents note:
The collection primarily consists of photographs made by John K. Hillers for the Bureau of American Ethnology documenting pueblos, cliff and rock dwellings, and people in Arizona and New Mexico. The photographs depict Navajo, Zuni, Taos, Oraibi, Walpi, Tesuque, Sichomovi, Cochiti, Mishongnavi, and Shipaulovi Pueblos. There are also pictures of mounds, possibly in West Virginia, and a Hobart Nichols drawing of the interior of a Pueblo dwelling. The bulk of the photographs are on BAE mounts, of which some are stamped "Compliments of J. W. Powell". Several of the images were made during the United States Geological Survey in 1885.
Biographical/Historical note:
John K. Hillers (1843-1925) immigrated to the United States from Germany in 1852. He spent almost twenty years photographing Native Americans, largely for the Bureau of American Ethnology and the United States Geological Survey. He began work on the Survey as a boatman on John Wesley Powell's second expedition down the Colorado River in 1871. He soon became the assistant, and then main photographer (1872) for the expedition. From 1879 to 1900, Hillers served as the first staff photographer of the Bureau of Ethnology, and in 1881 he took pictures for the United States Geological Survey.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 143
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional Hillers photographs in the National Anthropological Archives can be found in Photo Lot 14, Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 28, Photo Lot 40, Photo Lot 83-18, Photo Lot 87-2N, Photo Lot 90-1, Photo Lot 92-46, and the BAE historical negatives.
The National Anthropological Archives also holds Hillers's diary from 1871-1872 and 1874, 1875 (MS 4410).
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Pueblos  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 143, John K. Hillers photographs of Pueblos, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.143
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-143

MS 836-f Shoshoni lingustic data

Creator:
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Extent:
20 Items (cards )
1 Sheet
Culture:
Ute Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sheets
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 836-f
General:
Previously titled "Unidentified vocabulary, Ute (?), Paiute (?)"
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Shoshoni language  Search this
Paiute Indians  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 836-f, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS836F
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms836f

MS 836-e Weber River Ute vocabulary in Powell's Introduction to the Study of Indian Languages

Creator:
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Extent:
5 Pages
Culture:
Shoshone  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
Fall of 1877
Scope and Contents:
Recorded in Schedule of John Wesley Powell's Introduction to the Study of Indian Languages. Vocabulary of the Weber Ute dialect of Shoshoni. Note the band's name was a misnomer with regards to their linguistic affiliation.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 836-e
Local Note:
This may be the "Vocabulary of the Utes of Weber River" listed by Pilling (Bureau of American Ethnology AR 1, 1881) on page 574.
manuscript document
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Shoshone  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 836-e, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS836E
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms836e

MS 838 Ute and Paiute stories

Creator:
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Extent:
19 Pages
Culture:
Paiute  Search this
Ute Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Basin  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Pages lettered "A" through "S".
At least a few of these of thses stories are Northern Paiute (Paviotso). See note on bottom of page H referring to Wadsworth (this is a Nevada town on the Truckee River near Pyramid Lake.) Page J mentions Carson and Antelope Valley [Nevada,= Paiute]. Page N mentions Pyramid Lake [Nevada, = Paiute] Information from Kay Fowler, University of Nevada, 3/65.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 838
Citation:
Manuscript 838, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS838
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms838
Online Media:

MS 836-g Three Hopi vocabularies

Creator:
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Extent:
26 Pages
Culture:
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
ca. 1892
Scope and Contents:
The 3 page vocabulary is dated 1872, with "Oraibi" written at the top. Contains numbers and miscellaneous phrases.

The 21 page vocabulary has the same text of Manuscript 1795a, volume 6, but is a later copy as it contains additional entries and distinguishes the vowel u, which Mauscript 1795a does not.

The 2 page vocabulary was formerly filed with Ute Manuscript 829, but was transferred to Hopi January 1968 on identification as Hopi by Donald Fowler. Titled "Shinumo," it contains only pronouns and numbers.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 836-g
Topic:
Numbers -- Hopi  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 836-g, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS836G
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms836g

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