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Charles Lang Freer Papers

Creator:
Freer, Charles Lang, 1856-1919  Search this
Extent:
131 Linear feet (29 architectural drawings)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Diaries
Financial records
Correspondence
Photographs
Place:
China
Syria
Egypt
India
London (England)
Japan
Boston (Mass.)
Detroit (Mich.)
Washington (D.C.)
Kandy (Sri Lanka)
Sri Lanka
Anuradhapura (Sri Lanka)
Date:
1876-1931
Summary:
The personal papers of Charles Lang Freer, the industrialist and art collector who founded the Freer Gallery of Art. The papers include correspondence, diaries, art inventories, scrapbooks of clippings on James McNeil Whistler and other press clippings, and photographs.
Scope Content:
The personal papers of Charles Lang Freer, the industrialist and art collector who founded the Freer Gallery of Art. The papers include correspondence, diaries, art inventories, scrapbooks of clippings on James McNeil Whistler and other press clippings, financial material, architectural drawings, and photographs.

Correspondence, circa 1860-1921, includes Freer's correspondence, 1876-1920, with artists, dealers, collectors, museums, and public figures; letterpress books contain copies of Freer's outgoing letters, 1892-1910; correspondence collected by Freer of James McNeill Whistler, and his wife Beatrix, 186?-1909, with Lady Colin Campbell, Thomas R. Way, Alexander Reid, Whistler's mother, Mrs. George W. Whistler, and others; correspondence of Whistler collector Richard A. Canfield, 1904-1913, regarding works in Canfield's collection; and correspondence of Freer's assistant, Katharine Nash Rhoades, 1920-1921, soliciting Freer's letters from his associates, and regarding the settlement of his estate.

Also included are twenty-nine pocket diaries, 1889-1890, 1892-1898, 1900-1919, recording daily activities, people and places visited, observations, and comments; a diary kept by Freer's caretaker, Joseph Stephens Warring, recording daily activities at Freer's Detroit home, 1907-1910. Inventories, n.d. and 1901-1921, of American, European, and Asian art in Freer's collection, often including provenance information; vouchers, 1884-1919, documenting his purchases; five volumes of scrapbooks of clippings on James McNeill Whistler, 1888-1931, labeled "Various," "Peacock Room," "Death, etc.," "Paris, etc.," and "Boston...London" ; three volumes of newsclippings, 1900-1930, concerning Freer and the opening of the Freer Gallery of Art.

Correspondence regarding Freer's gift and bequest to the Smithsonian Institution, 1902-1916; and photographs, ca. 1880-1930, of Freer, including portraits by Alvin Langdon Coburn and Edward Steichen, Freer with others, Freer in Cairo, China and Japan, Freer's death mask, and his memorial service, Kyoto, 1930; photographs of artists and others, including Thomas Dewing, Ernest Fenollosa, Katharine Rhoades taken by Alfred Stieglitz, Rosalind B. Philip, Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Abbott H. Thayer, Dwight Tryon, and Whistler; and photographs relating to Whistler, including art works depicting him, grave and memorial monuments, works of art, the Peacock Room, and Whistler's memorial exhibition at the Copley Society.
Organization of the Papers:
This collection is organized into twelve series.

Series 1: Genealogical and Biographical Data

Series 2: Correspondence

Series 3: Diaries

Series 4: Freer Colleague Materials

Series 5: Art Inventories

Series 6: Financial Materials

Series 7: Exhibition Loan Files

Series 8: Biblical Manuscripts and Gold Treasure Files

Series 9: American School of Archaeology in China

Series 10: Printed Material

Series 11: Outsize Material

Series 12: Photographs
Biographical Note:
1854 February 25 -- Born in Kingston, New York

1873 -- Appointed accountant and paymaster of New York, Kingston and Syracuse Railroad by Frank J. Hecker (1846-1927)

1876 -- Moves to Indiana to work, with Hecker, for the Detroit and Eel River and Illinois Railroad

1880 -- Moves to Detroit, participates in organization of the Peninsular Car Works with Hecker

1883 -- Becomes vice president and secretary of Peninsular Car Company when it succeeds Peninsular Car Works

1883 -- Begins collecting European prints

1884 -- Peninsular Car Company constructs plant on Ferry Avenue

1887 -- Meets Howard Mansfield (1849-1938)

1887 -- Acquires proofs of 26 etchings, Venice, Second Series(1886), by James McNeill Whistler (1834-1903)

1887 -- Purchases a small Japanese fan attributed to Ogata Korin(1658-1715)

1887 -- Buys land on Ferry Avenue

1889 -- Meets Frederick Stuart Church (1826-1900) and Dwight William Tryon (1849-1925) in New York

1890 -- Commissions Wilson Eyre (1858-1944) to design house on Ferry Avenue, Detroit, Michigan

1890 -- On first trip to London, meets James McNeill Whistler(1834-1903)

1892 -- Moves to Ferry Avenue house

1892 -- Tryon and Thomas Wilmer Dewing (1851-1938) undertake decoration of reception rooms

1893 -- Lends American paintings to World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago

1893 -- Purchases first piece of Chinese art, a small painting of white herons by an anonymous Ming dynasty (1368-1644) artist

1894 -- Begins yearlong trip around the world, which includes visit to the Whistlers in Paris and first trip to Asia, stopping in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), India, China, and Japan

1896 -- Meets Matsuki Bunkyo (1867-1940) in Boston

1899 -- Takes part in consolidation of railroad-car building companies then retires from active business

1900 -- Attends Exposition International Universelle in Paris

1900 -- Buys villa in Capri with Thomas S. Jerome

1901 -- Meets Siegfried Bing (1838-1905) in Paris and Ernest Fenollosa(1853-1908), who visits Freer in Detroit

1902 -- Meets Dikran Kelekian (1868-1951)

1902 -- Spends summer in Britain building Whistler collection

1902 -- Views Whistler's, Harmony in Blue and Gold: The Peacock Room

1904 -- Purchases Whistler's Peacock Room

1904 -- Offers his art collections and funds to build a museum in which to house them to the Smithsonian Institution

1905 -- Smithsonian committee visits Freer in Detroit

1906 -- United States government formally accepts Freer's gift on January 24

1906 -- Freer signs Deed of Gift to Smithsonian Institution on May 5

1907 -- On second tour of Asia, meets Hara Tomitaro 1868-1939) in Yokohama, Japan

1908 -- Takes third trip to Asia, specifically to West Asia to study Rakka ware

1909 -- Tours Europe to study art museums

1909 -- On fourth trip to Asia, attends memorial ceremony for Fenollosa (d.1908 September) at Miidera, Japan, and meets Duanfang (1861-1911) in China

1910 -- On last trip to Asia, visits Longmen Buddhist caves in China

1911 -- Suffers stroke

1912 -- Lends selection of objects for exhibition at Smithsonian Institution

1913 -- Meets Eugene (1875-1957) and Agnes E. (1887-1970) Meyer

1913 -- Commissions Charles Adams Platt (1861-1933) to design museum building in Washington

1914 -- Meets Katharine Nash Rhoades (1885-1965) in Detroit

1915 -- Settles in New York City

1915 -- Site of future Freer Gallery of Art is determined

1916 -- Platt's plans for Freer Gallery are approved by Smithsonian Regents and Commission of Fine Arts and ground is broken in September

1918 -- After falling ill in Detroit, Freer travels to New York for treatment

1918 -- Work on the museum building is delayed by the war

1919 -- Freer appends codicil to will permitting acquisitions of Asian, Egyptian, and Near Eastern (West Asian) art

1919 -- Dies in New York City on 25 September and is buried in Kingston, New York

1919 -- Construction of Freer Gallery completed

1920 -- John Ellerton Lodge (1876-1942) is appointed director of the Freer Gallery

1923 -- Freer Gallery opens to the public on May 9

1930 -- Memorial ceremony for Freer is held at Koetsuji, Kyoto

Charles Lang Freer was an American industrialist who founded the Freer Gallery of Art. He was a well-known collector of Asian art, and strongly supported the synthesis of Eastern art and Western art. One of his most famous acquisitions was James McNeill Whistler's Peacock Room.
Index:
Index to cross-referenced correspondents in the series Charles Lang Freer correspondence

Beal, Junius E. -- See: -- Warring, Joseph Stephens

Black, George M. -- See: -- Saint-Gaudens, Augustus

Board of Education (Kingston, New York) See: Michael, M. J.

Bonner, Campbell See: University of Michigan

Boughton, George H. See: Yardley, F. C.

British Museum See: Binyon, Laurence; Hobson, R. L.

Brown, Harold H. See: Art Association of Indianapolis

Buchner, Evelyn B. See: Knoedler, M., and Company

Buckholder, C. H. See: Art Institute of Chicago

Butler, S. B. See: Unidentified correspondents

Carnegie Institute See: Balken, Edward Duff; Harshe, Robert B.

Carpenter, Newton H. See: Art Institute of Chicago

Caulkins, Horace James See: Pewabic Pottery

Chao, Shih-chin See: Gunn, Chu Su

Chicago & North Western Railway Co. See: Hughett, Marvin

Clark, Charles Upson See: Clark, Arthur B.

Cleveland Museum of Art See: Whiting, Frederic Allen

Columbia University See: Braun, W. A.; Gottheil, Richard; Hirth, Friederich

Commission of Fine Arts See: Moore, Charles

Corcoran Gallery of Art See: Minnigerode, C. Powell

Crocker, Anna B. See: Portland Art Association

Dannenberg, D. E. See: Karlbeck, Orvar

De Menoncal, Beatrice See: Lien, Hui Ch'ing Collection

De Ricci, Seymour See: Ricci, Seymour de

Defnet, William A., Mrs., See: Franke, Ida M.

DeMotte See: Vigouroux, J.

Detroit Institute of Arts See: Detroit Museum of Art

Detroit Publishing Company See: Livingstone, W. A.

Detroit School of Design See: George Hamilton; Stevens, Henry

DeVinne Press See: Peters, Samuel T.; Witherspoon, A. S.

Dyrenforth, P. C. See: Philip, Rosalind Birnie

Eddy, Arthur J. See: Philip, Rosalind Birnie

Eggers, George Williams See: Art Institute of Chicago

Farr, Daniel H. See: Robinson and Farr

Farrand School (Detroit) See: Yendall, Edith

Field Museum of Natural History (Chicago) See: Laufer, Berthold

Flagg, Frederick J. See: Allen, Horace N.

Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University See: Forbes, Edward; Pope, Arthur Upham; Sachs, Paul J.

French, M. R. See: Art Institute of Chicago

Fu, Lan-ya See: Pang, Lai-ch'en

Fujii, Yoshio See: Yoshio, Fujii

Gerrity, Thomas See: Knoedler, M., and Company

Goupil Gallery See: Marchant, William

Gray, William J. See: Barr, Eva

Great Lakes Engineering Works See: Hoyt, H. W.

Grolier Club See: Philip, Rosalind Birnie

Heinemann, W. See: Philip, Rosalind Birnie

Holden, Edward S. See: West Point, U. S. Military Academy

Hudson, J. L. See: Weber, William C.

Hutchins, Harry B. See: University of Michigan

Hutchins, Charles L. See: Art Institute of Chicago

Kelekian, H. G. See: Kelekian, Dikran G.

Kent, H. W. See: Metropolitan Museum of Art

Lee, Kee Son See: Li, Chi-ch'un

Levy, John See: Schneider, A. K.

Library of Congress See: Rice, Richard A.; Wright, Helen

Louvre (Paris, France) See: Midgeon, Gaston

Matsuki, Z. See: Matsuki, Kihachiro

McKim, Mead and White See: White, Stanford

Mills, A. L., Colonel See: Saint-Gaudens, Augustus

Miner, Luella See: Lien, Hui Ch'ing Collection

Minneapolis Institute of Arts See: Breck, Joseph; Van Derlip, John R.

Monif, R. Khan See: Rathbun, Richard

Museum of Fine Arts, Boston See: Lodge, John Ellerton

Naser, Katen & Nahass See: Katen, K.

Nordlinger, Marie, Miss See: Meyer-Riefstahl, Marie

Panama Pacific International Exposition See: Moore, Charles C.; Trask, John E. D.

Peabody Museum See: Morse, Edward Sylvester

Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts See: Trask, John E. D.

Perry, Mary Chase, Miss., See: Pewabic Pottery

Philip, Ronald M. See: Philip, Rosalind Birnie

Pope, G. D. See: Barr, Eva

Reinhart, A. G. See: Gottschalk, E.

Reitz, Sigisbert Chrétien Bosch See: Bosch-Reitz, Sigisbert Chrétien

Rutgers College See: Van Dyke, John C.

Saint-Gaudens, Augusta H. See: Saint-Gaudens, Augustus

Saint-Gaudens, Homer See: Saint-Gaudens, Augustus

Samurai Shokai See: Nomura, Yozo

San Francisco Art Association See: Laurvik, J. Nilsen

Scribner's, Charles, Sons See: Van Dyke, John C.

Shaw, Wilfred B. See: University of Michigan

Shirae, S. Z. See: Yamanaka and Company

Smith College See: Clark, Arthur B.

Smithsonian Institution See: Holmes, William Henry; Rathbun, Richard; Ravenel, Walcott, Charles D.

Society of Arts and Crafts (Detroit) See: Plumb, Helen

Societe des Beaux-Arts See: Reid, Alexander

Stevens, George W. See: Toledo Museum of Art

Stratton, Mary Chase Perry See: Pewabic Pottery

Tanaka, Kichijiro See: Yamanaka and Company

Tuttle, William F. See: Art Institute of Chicago

Union Trust Company (Detroit) See: Philip, Rosalind Birnie

United States Military Academy See: West Point, U. S. Military Academy

University of Chicago See: Zug, George Breed

University of Pennsylvania, Univ. Mus. See: Gordon, George Bryon

Ushikubo, D. J. R. See: Yamanaka and Company

Wallis & Son See: Barr, Eva; Thompson, C. Croal Ward, Clarence See: Oberlin College

Warren, Edward K. See: Philip, Rosalind Birnie

Warring, Stephen See: Warring, Joseph Stephens

Watkin, Williams R. T. See: Philip, Rosalind Birnie

Watson, Margaret, Miss See: Parker, Margaret Watson

Whistler, Anna See: Stanton, Anna Whistler

Whiting, Almon C. See: Toledo Museum of Art

Williams College See: Rice, Richard A

Wright, F. G. See: Orbach and Company

Yatsuhashi, H. See: Yamanaka and Company
Index to cross-referenced correspondence in the series Whistler correspondence

Bell, William See: Unidentified correspondents

Brown, Ernest See: Painter Etchers' Society, Committee

Cowen, John T. See subseries: Charles Lang Freer Correspondence

Ford, Sheridan See: Reid, Alexander

Haden, Francis Seymour See: Painter Etchers' Society, Committee

Haden, Francis Seymour, Lady See: Haden, Deborah Whistler

Leighton, Frederick, Baron See: Campbell, Lady Colin

Moore, Albert See: Reid, Alexander

Morley, Charles See: Pall Mall Gazette

Morris, Harrison S. See: Reid, Alexander

Pennell, Joseph See: Miscellaneous typescripts

Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts See: Reid, Alexander

Prange, F. G. See: Reid, Alexander

Societe des Beaux-Arts See: Reid, Alexander

Society of Portrait Painters See: Reid, Alexander

Stevens Fine Art See: Reid, Alexander

Studd, Arthur See: Miscellaneous typescripts

[Vanderbilt?], George, Mrs. See: George, Mrs.

Whistler, William McNeill, Mrs. See: Whistler, Nellie

Whistler Memorial Committee See: Miscellaneous typescripts
Related Material:
The Archives of American Art microfilmed portions of the Freer papers in 1992. The microfilm is available at the Archives of American Art's Washington D.C. office, the Freer Gallery of Art Library, and through interlibrary loan.
Provenance:
Gift of the estate of Charles Lang Freer.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Art, American -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Art, Asian -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Architecture -- Asia  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Financial records
Correspondence
Photographs
Citation:
Charles Lang Freer Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of the estate of Charles Lang Freer.
Identifier:
FSA.A.01
See more items in:
Charles Lang Freer Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3f1a0e3e0-630c-48d4-ba28-485946b1d615
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-fsa-a-01
Online Media:

Helen D. Ling Papers

Extent:
6.15 Cubic feet (consisting of 14 boxes and 1 flat box.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Slides
Notes
Photographs
Place:
Shanghai (China)
Singapore
Date:
1928-2008
bulk 1945-1982
Summary:
The Helen D. Ling Papers, dating from 1928-2008 with the bulk of material dating from 1945-1982, measure 6.15 cubic feet and include biographical material, research, writings, correspondence, printed material, and audiovisual material related to Ling's life and work as a collector and dealer of Asian art.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Helen Ling measure 6.15 cubic feet and date from 1928 to 2008, with the bulk of material dating between 1945-1982. The papers largely relate to Ling's personal life, research, and collections of Chinese objects. The papers include biographical material, research, writings, correspondence, printed material, and audio recordings.
Arrangement:
The Helen D. Ling papers are organized into six series: Series 1: Biographical Material; Series 2: Diaries; Series 3: Research Files; Series 4: Writings and Notes; Series 5: Correspondence; Series 6: Printed Material; Series 7: Audiovisual Material; Series 8: Lectures; Series 9: Sales Records
Biographical Note:
Helen Dalling Ling was born Helen Dalling on July 28, 1901 in Uhrichsville, Ohio, and grew up in Everett, Pennsylvania. Ling was an American collector, dealer, and connoisseur of Asian art and antiques.

In 1925, Ling attended an American Baptist Foreign Mission picnic where she met Tien-Gi (Ti-Gi) Ling, a Chinese research chemist who was studying for his master's and subsquent doctorate in industrial chemistry from Brown University and Cornell University, respectively. Ling traveled to Shanghai by herself in 1928 to see if she could live in China, as marrying Ti-Gi would strip her of her American citizenship. Content in Shanghai, she and Ti-Gi married several months after her arrival in the spring of 1928.

The pair lived throughout South China, Hong Kong, and Singapore where she held various positions including as an English teacher and secretary. The couple had one son, James G. Ling, in 1930. Ling became interested in antiques prior to moving abroad, and eventually opened an antique shop in Shanghai in 1938 called the Green Dragon. When the Lings moved to Singapore in 1951 after escaping the Communists in Shanghai, Helen Ling opened another shop under her own name which she operated until her death on May 15th, 1982. Ling was very active in the field of Southeast Asian art, regularly giving lectures and was regularly featured in publications on her expertise in Asian art. She co-founded and served as the first president of the Southeast Asian Ceramic Society, Singapore in 1971. Ling was thrust onto the global stage when her friend, Jim Thompson, co-founder of Thai Silk Company Limited disappeared while visiting her and Ti-Gi at there home, Moonlight in 1967. Thirty-four Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery collection items were once part of Ling's personal collection, and were either sold or donated to the museum after her death by her family.
Provenance:
Gift of Ann S. Ling.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Permission to reproduce and publish an item from the Archives is coordinated through the Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery's Rights and Reproductions department. Please contact the Archives in order to initiate this process.
Topic:
Art, Asian  Search this
Pottery - Asia  Search this
Art, Chinese  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Genre/Form:
Slides
Notes
Photographs
Citation:
Helen D. Ling Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of Ann S. Ling.
Identifier:
FSA.A2019.04
See more items in:
Helen D. Ling Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3f8effad5-812f-44f3-857c-14b6e6702eef
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-fsa-a2019-04

Oriental trade ceramics in South-East Asia, ninth to sixteenth centuries : with a catalogue of Chinese, Vietnamese, and Thai wares in Australian collections / John S. Guy

Author:
Guy, John 1949-  Search this
Guy, John 1949- Oriental trade ceramics in Southeast Asia, 10th to 16th century  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 163 p. : ill. (some col.), maps ; 28 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Place:
Australia
Date:
1990
Topic:
Pottery, East Asian  Search this
Pottery--Collectors and collecting  Search this
Call number:
NK4163 .G98 1990
NK4163.G98 1990
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_420751

Exhibition of Alfred Duane Pell Collection

Author:
Unknown  Search this
Subject:
Smithsonian Gallery of Art  Search this
National Collection of Fine Arts  Search this
National Museum of American Art (U.S.)  Search this
Smithsonian American Art Museum  Search this
National Gallery of Art of the Smithsonian  Search this
United States National Museum  Search this
Natural History Building  Search this
Physical description:
Color: Black and White; Size: 8x10; Type of Image: Exhibit; Medium: Photographic print
Type:
Photographic print
Exhibit
Date:
circa 1930
Topic:
Alfred Duane Pell Collection  Search this
Pell, Alfred Dunne  Search this
Collectors and collecting  Search this
Ceramics  Search this
Worcester, England  Search this
Exhibitions  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Porcelain, Chinese  Search this
Table setting and decoration  Search this
Art--Collectors and collecting  Search this
Pottery  Search this
Furniture  Search this
Art--American  Search this
Art--Exhibitions  Search this
Standard number:
845E or MAH-845E
Restrictions & Rights:
No restrictions
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_9512

John Alexander Pope Papers

Creator:
Pope, John Alexander, 1906-1982  Search this
Former owner:
Aga-Olgu, Kamer, 1903-  Search this
Dubosc, Jean-Pierre, 1903  Search this
Mayuyama, Junkichi, 1913-1999  Search this
Warner, Langdon (1881-1955)  Search this
Names:
David, Percival, Sir, 1892-1964  Search this
Extent:
45 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1925-1982
Summary:
The John Alexander Pope papers contain limited biographical, personal and professional information. The bulk of the collection consists of published and unpublished writings, research materials and correspondence.
Arrangement note:
The collection is arranged into six major series. A seventh series inventories outsize materials contained in the other series.

Series 1: Biographic Material

Subseries 1.1: Academic and Professional Life

Subseries 1.2: Personal and Official Photographs of Pope, Family and Colleagues

Series 2: John A. Pope Asian Ceramics and Art Collection

Series 3: Published and Unpublished Materials

Subseries 3.1: Articles, Lectures and Manuscripts

Subseries 3.2: Chinese Porcelains from the Ardebil Shrine: Research Materials and Publication Correspondence

Series 4: Research Material: Subject Files

Subseries: 4.1: Asian Art and Ceramics: Background Material

Subseries 4.2: Chinese Ceramics

Subseries 4.3: Chinese Ceramics and the Porcelain Trade

Subseries 4.4: Japanese and Korean Ceramics

Series 5: Travel

Subseries 5.1: Itineraries, Expenses and Notes

Subseries 5.2: Photographs, Negatives and Slides

Series 6: Correspondence

Series 7: Inventory of Outsize Materials
Biographical/Historical note:
John Alexander Pope was a renowned scholar and authority on Asian art, especially Chinese and Japanese ceramics. He spent most of his professional career at the Freer Gallery of Art, which he joined in 1943 as an Associate in Research. He later served as Assistant Director (1946 to 1962) and then as Director (1962 to 1971). After his retirement in 1971, he continued at the Freer as Director Emeritus and Research Curator for Far Eastern Ceramics. Pope was born in Detroit, Michigan on August 4, 1906 and died in Washington D.C. on September 18, 1982. He obtained a Bachelor's degree in English literature from Yale College. In 1929, prior to graduation, he joined the China International Famine Relief Commission sent to survey famine conditions in the Yellow River valley. As a truck driver for the Commission, he travelled throughout north China giving him an unparalleled chance to see the land and people at first hand. In Beijing, he met and spent time with Alan Priest, later curator of Far Eastern Ceramics at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. In a 1972 letter, Pope recalled his time with Priest in 1929 as "the most important factor in my subsequent decision to go into the field." From 1934 to 1941 he was a graduate student at Harvard University, studying Chinese and Japanese languages and the history, archaeology and art of these countries. He spent 1938 as a Travelling Fellow of the Harvard-Yenching Institute studying Chinese archaeology at the University of London; he also travelled to Stockholm, Paris, Amsterdam and Berlin to study museum and private ceramic collections. Harvard awarded him an M.A. degree in 1940 and a Ph. D. in 1955. From 1945 to 1946, on leave of absence from the Freer, Pope served as a Captain in the U.S. Marine Corps Reserve posted to Tianjin, China as a Chinese language interpreter. He travelled frequently to Beijing, spending time with Jean Pierre Dubosc and other Chinese art connoisseurs. In introductory notes to a 1979 lecture he recalled that on one of these Beijing trips he made his "first purchase of blue-and-white." Thus began of a life-long interest in Chinese blue-and-white porcelain in general and establishing criteria and a methodology for dating and stylistic analysis of 14th and 15th century blue-and-white in particular. His publications included analysis of important collections of Chinese ceramics, for example those at the Topkapi Sarayi in Istanbul and at the Ardabil Shrine in Iran. Many of his lectures, articles and research trips focused on Chinese trade ceramics, not only in European collections but also from Asian shipwrecks and at sites ranging from East Africa to The Philippines. Pope made his first trip to Japan in 1956. In his 1979 notes he wrote: "My visit to Karatsu and meeting with the Nakazato family started my serious interest in Japanese ceramics." He made many trips to Japan beginning in the late 1960s, often spending several months at a time visiting important kiln sites and Japanese potters as well as collectors. His research emphasis gradually shifted to Japanese porcelain and the issues of dating and identifying kiln sites and wares. At the time of his death he was researching a book on Japanese porcelain. Over time Pope created a substantial personal collection of Chinese and Japanese ceramics. He developed an extensive network of connoisseurs, dealers and scholars. He travelled frequently, visiting public and private collections, attending various symposia, and meeting with a wide range of colleagues involved in the world of Asian ceramics. He belonged to many professional associations and served as advisor or board member for several museums and academic institutions.
Related Material:
James Cahill Papers

Prince Aschwin Lippe Papers

SIA Acc, 03-018, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Central Files, 1919-1986

Freer Gallery Study Collection, ceramic shards donated by John Alexander Pope, see http://www.open.asia.si.edu search John Pope.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Occupation:
Art dealers -- Japan  Search this
Art dealers  Search this
Topic:
Blue and White Ware-China  Search this
Pottery -- Japanese -- Collector and Collecting  Search this
Oriental Ceramic Society London  Search this
Photography -- China  Search this
Pottery -- Chinese -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Pottery - Asia  Search this
Pottery -- Japan  Search this
Pottery -- China  Search this
Citation:
John Alexander Pope Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.
Identifier:
FSA.A1988.01
See more items in:
John Alexander Pope Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc35e74664e-27fd-4e80-8684-dd9c6c5de741
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-fsa-a1988-01

Freer Leaves on First Trip to Asia

Subject:
Freer, Charles Lang 1854-1919  Search this
Freer Gallery of Art  Search this
Place:
Paris (France)
Asia
Sri Lanka
Michigan
India
China
Japan
Hong Kong (China)
Italy
Date:
September 29, 1894
Topic:
Travel--Asia  Search this
Collectors and collecting  Search this
Pottery  Search this
Buddhism  Search this
Art, Chinese  Search this
Art, Japanese  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_14515

Freer Begins Second Trip to Asia

Subject:
Freer, Charles Lang 1854-1919  Search this
Tomitaro, Hara  Search this
Takashi, Masuda  Search this
Freer Gallery of Art  Search this
Place:
Italy
Abū Sunbul (Egypt)
Dutch East Indies
Sri Lanka
Japan
China
Egypt
Date:
November 1906
Topic:
Art, Egyptian  Search this
Sculpture  Search this
Art, Buddhist  Search this
Art, Asian  Search this
Art, Japanese  Search this
Art, Chinese  Search this
Pottery  Search this
Collectors and collecting  Search this
Travel  Search this
Art dealers  Search this
Ceramics  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_14548

Freer Takes Third Trip to Asia

Subject:
Freer, Charles Lang 1854-1919  Search this
Freer Gallery of Art  Search this
Place:
Syria
Paris (France)
Egypt
Turkey
Greece
Hungary
Austria
Lebanon
Istanbul (Turkey)
Date:
1908
Topic:
Collectors and collecting  Search this
Art, Egyptian  Search this
Art, Asian  Search this
Ceramics  Search this
Art objects  Search this
Art, Chinese  Search this
Travel  Search this
Raqqa ware  Search this
Pottery  Search this
Islamic pottery  Search this
Art, Islamic  Search this
Porcelain, Chinese  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_14549

Freer Takes Fourth Trip to Asia

Subject:
Freer, Charles Lang 1854-1919  Search this
Fenollosa, Ernest F  Search this
Duanfang 1861-1911  Search this
Freer Gallery of Art  Search this
Kaiser-Friedrich-Museum  Search this
Place:
Paris (France)
London, England
Germany
Italy
Belgium
China
Japan
Date:
1909
Topic:
Collectors and collecting  Search this
Travel  Search this
Ceramics  Search this
Ceramics and glass  Search this
Ethnological museums and collections  Search this
Ethnology--Asia  Search this
Art museums  Search this
Art, Iranian  Search this
Art, Asian  Search this
Art, Chinese  Search this
Art, Japanese  Search this
Art, Egyptian  Search this
Art museum curators  Search this
Glass  Search this
Pottery  Search this
Art objects  Search this
Bronzes  Search this
Scrolls  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_14550

Freer Celebrates 150th Anniversary of Whistler's Birth

Subject:
Freer, Charles Lang 1854-1919  Search this
Whistler, James McNeill 1834-1903  Search this
Curry, David Park  Search this
Sexton, George  Search this
Freer Gallery of Art  Search this
Freer Gallery of Art Peacock Room  Search this
Date:
May 11, 1984
Topic:
Exhibit openings  Search this
Exhibitions  Search this
Collectors and collecting  Search this
Benefactors  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Art, Chinese  Search this
Art, Japanese  Search this
Pottery  Search this
Art objects  Search this
Archives  Search this
Anniversaries  Search this
Art museum curators  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Architects  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_14566

Freer Acquires Ancient Chinese Ceramics Collection

Subject:
Lawton, Thomas 1931-  Search this
Ling, Helen Dalling 1901-1982  Search this
Freer Gallery of Art  Search this
Date:
1984
Topic:
Collectors and collecting  Search this
Museums--Acquisitions  Search this
Art, Chinese  Search this
Ceramics  Search this
Pottery  Search this
Art objects  Search this
Antiquities  Search this
Art, Asian, Art--Private collections  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Archives - History Div
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sic_14567

Gu tao ci jing pin = Quality of ancient Chinese ceramics / Yu Shaoyin, Li Jianguo deng

Title:
古陶瓷精品 = Quality of ancient Chinese ceramics / 余绍尹, 郦建国等
Quality of ancient Chinese ceramics
Author:
Li, Jianguo  Search this
Yu, Shaoyin  Search this
Physical description:
4, 169 pages : chiefly color illustrations ; 29 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
China
Date:
2012
Topic:
Porcelain, Chinese--Collectors and collecting  Search this
Pottery, Chinese--Collectors and collecting  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1081984

Earth transformed : Chinese ceramics in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston / Wu Tung

Title:
Chinese ceramics in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Author:
Wu, Tung 1940-  Search this
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston  Search this
Subject:
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston  Search this
Physical description:
xv, 189 p. : col. ill., map, ports. ; 27 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Place:
Massachusetts
Boston
Date:
2001
C2001
Topic:
Pottery, Chinese  Search this
Porcelain, Chinese  Search this
Pottery  Search this
Porcelain  Search this
Pottery--Collectors and collecting  Search this
Call number:
NK4165 .W82 2001
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_853408

Oosterse keramiek uit Groninger kollekties / C.J.A. Jörg ; [English translation, Patricia Wardle]

Author:
Jörg, C. J. A  Search this
Groninger Museum  Search this
Physical description:
96 p. : ill. ; 23 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
Netherlands
Groningen
Date:
1982
C1982
Topic:
Pottery, Chinese  Search this
Pottery, Japanese  Search this
Pottery, Chinese--Collectors and collecting  Search this
Pottery, Japanese--Collectors and collecting  Search this
Pottery--Private collections  Search this
Call number:
738.5 .J68
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_858325

The collector's first handbook on antique Chinese ceramics / by Else S. Duncan

Author:
Duncan, Else S (Else Suenson)  Search this
Physical description:
2 p. l., 54 p. plates. 28 x 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1942
Topic:
Pottery, Chinese  Search this
Pottery--Collectors and collecting  Search this
Call number:
738.51 .D91
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_858891

International Symposium on Chinese Ceramics : Seattle Art Museum, Volunteer Park, July 24 through July 28, 1977 : in conjunction with the museum's exhibition "Chinese ceramics from Japanese collections, T'ang through Ming dynasties" / organized by Seattle Art Museum ... [et al.]

Author:
International Symposium on Chinese Ceramics (1977 : Seattle, Wash.)  Search this
Seattle Art Museum  Search this
Physical description:
170 p. : ill. ; 26 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Place:
Japan
Date:
1981
C1981
Topic:
Pottery, Chinese  Search this
Pottery--Collectors and collecting  Search this
Porcelain, Chinese  Search this
Porcelain--Collectors and collecting  Search this
Call number:
738.51 .I6
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_859820

Oriental trade ceramics in South-east Asia, ninth to sixteenth centuries : with a catalogue of Chinese, Vietnamese and Thai wares in Australian collections / John S. Guy

Author:
Guy, John 1949-  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 161 p. : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Southeast Asia
Australia
Date:
1986
Topic:
Pottery, East Asian  Search this
Pottery--Collectors and collecting  Search this
Call number:
NK4163 .G98 1986
738.5 .G831
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_864183

Zhongguo tao ci tou zi yu jian cang = Zhongguo taoci touzi yu jiancang / Li Zhiyan zhu bian

Title:
中国陶瓷投资与鉴藏 = Zhongguo taoci touzi yu jiancang / 李知宴主编
Tou zi yu jian cang
投资与鉴藏
Zhongguo taoci touzi yu jiancang
Author:
Li, Zhiyan 1937-  Search this
Physical description:
375 p. : col. ill. ; 30 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2005
Topic:
Pottery, Chinese--Expertising  Search this
Porcelain, Chinese--Expertising  Search this
Pottery, Chinese--Collectors and collecting  Search this
Porcelain, Chinese--Collectors and collecting  Search this
Porcelain as an investment  Search this
Pottery as an investment  Search this
Call number:
NK4165 .Z465 2005
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_867170

Art chinois : Néolithique - dynastie Song : collection Umberto Draghi / Catherine Noppe, Franc̦oise Lauwaert ... [et al.]

Author:
Noppe, Catherine  Search this
Lauwaert, Françoise  Search this
Musée royal de Mariemont  Search this
Subject:
Draghi, Umberto Art collections  Search this
Musée royal de Mariemont  Search this
Physical description:
216 p. : col. ill., map ; 28 cm
Type:
Catalogs
Date:
1990
Topic:
Pottery, Chinese--Collectors and collecting  Search this
Pottery, Chinese  Search this
Call number:
NK4165 .N68 1990
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_875455

A connoisseur's guide to Chinese ceramics / by Cecile and Michel Beurdeley ; translated by Katherine Watson

Title:
Chung-kuo tzʻu chʻi chih nan
中国瓷器指南
Author:
Beurdeley, Cécile  Search this
Beurdeley, Jean Michel  Search this
Physical description:
317 p. : ill. (some col.), map ; 33 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1974
[1974]
Topic:
Porcelain, Chinese--Collectors and collecting  Search this
Pottery, Chinese--Collectors and collecting  Search this
Call number:
NK4165 .B4813
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_886843

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