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Leo Friedlander papers

Creator:
Friedlander, Leo, 1890-1966  Search this
Names:
National Sculpture Society (U.S.)  Search this
DeFrancisci, Anthony, 1887-1964  Search this
Ewing, Upton Clary  Search this
Keally, Francis, 1889-1978  Search this
Montana, Pietro, 1890-1978  Search this
Pope, Arthur Upham, 1881-1969  Search this
Warneke, Heinz (Heinrich), 1895-1983  Search this
Extent:
20.9 Linear feet ((partially microfilmed on 2 reels))
9 Items (rolled docs)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1900-1990
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence, photographs, writings, printed material, and motion picture film.
REEL 145: Ca. 40 letters to Friedlander, mostly about his work, and his interests as president of the National Sculpture Society, including letters from Francis Keally, Pietro Montana, Heinz Warneke, Anthony de Francisci, Arthur Upham Pope, and Upton Clary Ewing. Also included are photographs of Friedlander's sculptures; biographical notes; writings; a speech; and miscellaneous printed material.
REEL 3890: Biographical material; writings by Friedlander; reproductions of drawings by Friedlander; miscellaneous printed material; photographs of Friedlander, and of his works of art.
UNMICROFILMED: A resume; correspondence; scrapbooks, 3 short home movie film reels, drafts and final copies of his articles and speeches; published articles by Friedlander; reproductions of his work; photographs and negatives of art work, glass plate negatives, copper plates, and drawings, greeting cards, blueprints, and miscellaneous personal papers (ca. 1930-1950).
Biographical / Historical:
Sculptor; New York, N.Y.
Provenance:
Material on reel 145 donated 1971 by Friedlander's widow. Material on reel 3890 donated 1984 by Syracuse University. The bulk of the papers were donated in 1996 material by Gordon Friedlander, Friedlander's son, and a small portion were transferred from the National Collection of Fine Arts, 1979.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Topic:
Sculpture, American -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Decoration and ornament, Architectural  Search this
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.frieleo
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-frieleo

Catalogue Mrs. Phoebe A. Hearst Loan collection edited by J. Nilsen Laurvik ... in collaboration with Arthur Upham Pope, R. Meyer-Riefstahl [and] Phyllis Ackerman [at] The Palace of Fine Arts, conducted by the San Francisco Art Association, San Francisco, 1917

Author:
Hearst, Phoebe A  Search this
Author:
Laurvik, John Nilsen 1877-  Search this
Pope, Arthur Upham 1881-1969  Search this
San Francisco Art Association  Search this
Physical description:
xi, 253 pages illustrations, 2 color plates, map 19 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Catalogs
Exhibition catalogs
Date:
1917
Topic:
Art  Search this
Art--Private collections  Search this
Call number:
N5220 .H44Z
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_278866

Myron Bement Smith Collection

Creator:
Smith, Myron Bement, 1897-1970  Search this
Source:
Blake, Marion Elizabeth  Search this
Names:
Aga-Oglu, Mehmet, 1896-1949  Search this
Ettinghausen, Richard  Search this
Field, Henry  Search this
Herzfeld, Ernst, 1879-1948  Search this
Kuban, Dogan  Search this
Moe, Henry Allen  Search this
Pope, Arthur Upham, 1881-1969  Search this
Former owner:
Blake, Marion Elizabeth  Search this
Extent:
192 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1910-1970
Summary:
The Myron Bement Smith collection consists of two parts, the papers of Myron Bement Smith and his wife Katharine and the Islamic Archives. It contains substantial material about his field research in Italy in the 1920s and his years working on Islamic architecture in Iran in the 1930s. Letters describe the milieu in which he operated in Rochester NY and New York City in the 1920s and early 1930s; the Smiths' life in Iran from 1933 to 1937; and the extensive network of academic and social contacts that Myron and Katharine developed and maintained over his lifetime. The Islamic Archives was a project to which Smith devoted most of his professional life. It includes both original materials, such as his photographs and notes, and items acquired by him from other scholars or experts on Islamic art and architecture. Smith intended the Archives to serve as a resource for scholars interested in the architecture and art of the entire Islamic world although he also included some materials about non-Islamic architecture.
Scope and Contents:
The Myron Bement Smith Collection consists of two parts, the papers of Myron Bement Smith and his wife Katharine and the Islamic Archives. The papers include some biographic material about Myron but little about his wife. Information on his academic and professional experience is sketchy and his diaries and appointment books often contain only sporadic entries. The papers contain substantial material about his field research in Italy in the 1920s and his years working on Islamic architecture in Iran in the 1930s. Correspondence comprises the largest and most potentially useful part of the papers. Letters describe the milieu in which he operated in Rochester, NY and New York City in the 1920s and early 1930s; the Smiths' life in Iran from 1933 to 1937; and the extensive network of academic and social contacts that Myron and Katharine developed and maintained over his lifetime.

The Islamic Archives, formally entitled The Archive for Islamic Culture and Art, was a project to which Smith devoted most of his professional life. It includes both original materials, such as his photographs and notes, and items acquired by him from other scholars or experts on Islamic art and architecture. Most of the latter consists of photographs and slides. Smith intended the Archives to serve as a resource for scholars interested in the architecture and art of the entire Islamic world although he also included some materials about non-Islamic architecture. The core collection of the Archives consists of Smith's original photographs and architectural sketches of Iranian Islamic monuments made during his field research in the 1930s. He meticulously photographed the interior and exterior of monuments, including their decorative detail. Some of the photographic materials subsequently loaned, purchased, or donated to the Archives may enable scholars to document sites over time but in many cases the materials are poorly preserved or reproduced. A notable exception to this is the glassplate negatives and prints of 19th century Iranian photographer Antoin Sevruguin.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 2 major series with further subseries. A third series inventories the outsized and miscellaneous materials.

Series 1: Papers

Subseries 1.1: Biographic Materials

Subseries 1.2: Professional Experience

Subseries 1.3: Notebooks, Journals and Appointment Books

Subseries 1.4: Correspondence

Subseries 1.5: Published and Unpublished Materials

Subseries 1.6: Italy Research 1925, 1927-1928

Subseries 1.7: Iran Research 1933-1937

Subseries 1.8: Katharine Dennis Smith Papers and Correspondence

Series 2: The Islamic Archives

Subseries 2.1: Islamic Archives History, Collection Information

Subseries 2.2: Resource Materials Iran

Subseries 2.3: Resource Materials Other Islamic World and General

Subseries 2.4: Myron Bement Smith Architectural Sketches, Plans and Notes, Iran, 1933-1937

Subseries 2.5: Myron Bement Smith Iran Photographs, Notebooks and Negative Registers

Subseries 2.6: Country Photograph File

Subseries 2.7: Lantern Slide Collection

Subseries 2.8: Myron Bement Smith 35 mm Color Slides

Subseries 2.9: Country 35 mm Color Slide File

Subseries 2.10: Myron Bement Smith Negatives

Subseries 2.11: Country Photograph Negatives

Subseries 2.12: Antoin Sevruguin Photographs

Series 3: Outsize and Miscellaneous Items

Subseries 3.1: Map Case Drawers

Subseries 3.2: Rolled Items

Subseries 3.3 Items in Freezer

Subseries 3.4 Smithsonian Copy Negatives
Biographical Note:
Myron Bement Smith was born in Newark Valley, New York in 1897 and grew up in Rochester, New York. He died in Washington D.C. in 1970. He showed an early interest in drawing, and after graduation from high school, he worked as a draftsman for a Rochester architect. He served in the US Army Medical Corps in France during World War I and on return again worked as an architectural draftsman. He studied at Yale University from 1922 to 1926, earning a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree. During summer vacations, he worked as draftsman or designer for architectural firms in New York City. After graduation, he received a John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation grant and spent two years in Italy doing research on northern Italian brick and stone work. He used photography as an tool for his research and published several well-illustrated articles. On return he joined an architectural firm in Philadelphia and in 1931 became a registered architect in New York. He enrolled in Harvard University graduate school in 1929 pursuing a Master of Fine Arts degree.

In April 1930, Smith was appointed Secretary of the newly created American Institute for Persian Art and Archaeology founded by Arthur Upham Pope and located in New York City. He had no prior academic or work experience in Islamic art or architecture, and his job entailed designing publications, arranging lectures, organizing exhibitions and fund raising. That summer he arranged an independent study course at Harvard University on Persian art and subsequently studied Persian language at Columbia University and attended graduate courses at the Institute of Fine Arts at New York University. His work and academic credentials enabled him to compete successfully for a research fellowship from the American Council of Learned Societies in 1933 to study Iranian Islamic architecture.

Accompanied by his new bride Katharine Dennis, Smith left for Iran in 1933. They suffered a horrendous motor vehicle accident in Iraq en route and required a lengthy recuperation in Lebanon and Cyprus. The Smiths eventually arrived in Isfahan, Iran, where they established their "Expedition House," as Smith called it, in a rented faculty house at Stuart College. Smith's research consisted of meticulous photographic documentation of Islamic monuments and architectural sketches and drawings of many of them. He concentrated on the Isfahan area but also documented monuments elsewhere in Iran. Smith outfitted his station wagon as a combination camper and research vehicle in which he and his staff traveled widely. Katharine sometimes traveled with him but generally she remained in Isfahan managing the household and logistics for the "expedition." The Smiths left Iran in 1937.

Smith published several articles about Iran's Islamic monuments based on his field research and in 1947 completed his PhD thesis for The Johns Hopkins University on the vault in Persian architecture. His professional career from 1938 until his death in 1970 consisted of a series of temporary academic positions, contract work and government or academic sponsored lecture tours and photographic exhibits. He had a long lasting relationship with the Library of Congress where he served as an Honorary Consultant from 1938 to 1940 and again from 1948 to 1970; from 1943 to 1944 he was Chief of the Iranian Section at the Library. Despite his lack of published material, Smith was well-known among academic, government and private citizens who worked, traveled or were otherwise interested Iran and the Islamic world.

Smith developed an extensive network of professional and social contacts that dated from his early student days and increased markedly during his time at the Persian Institute and later in Iran. He kept in touch with them and they touted him to others who were interested in Iran or Islamic art and architecture. This network served him well in realizing his ambition of creating a resource for scholars that relied on photographs to document Islamic architecture. The Islamic Archives began with his own collection of photographs from his Iran research and grew to include all manner of photographic and other materials not only on the Islamic world but also other areas. Creating and managing the Archives became the main focus of Smith's professional life and career. In 1967 he received a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities to revise his PhD thesis as a publishable manuscript but died before he could complete it.
Related Materials:
The Antoin Sevruguin Photgraphs

Ernst Herzfeld Papers

Lionel B. Bier Drawings

Lionel D. Bier and Carol Bier Photographs
Provenance:
Gift of Myron Bement Smith
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Islamic architecture  Search this
Islamic Architecture-Turkey  Search this
Iran-description and travel  Search this
Iran-History 20th Century  Search this
Islamic Architecture-Middle East  Search this
Iran-social life and customs  Search this
United States-Social life and customs  Search this
Mosques  Search this
Architecture -- Iran  Search this
Citation:
The Myron Bement Smith Collection. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
Identifier:
FSA.A.04
See more items in:
Myron Bement Smith Collection
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-fsa-a-04
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Richard McLanathan

Interviewee:
McLanathan, Richard B. K.  Search this
Interviewer:
Brown, Robert F.  Search this
Names:
Choate School -- Students  Search this
Harvard University -- Students  Search this
Phillips Academy -- Students  Search this
Forbes, Edward Waldo, 1873-1969  Search this
McLanathan, Jane Fuller  Search this
Pope, Arthur Upham, 1881-1969  Search this
Porter, Arthur Kingsley, 1883-1933  Search this
Post, Chandler Rathfon, 1881-1959  Search this
Sachs, Paul J. (Paul Joseph), 1878-1965  Search this
Extent:
3 Items (Sound recording: 3 wav files (1 hr., 52 min.), digital)
39 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Interviews
Sound recordings
Date:
1994 August 31
Scope and Contents:
Interview of Richard B.K. McLanathan, conducted by Robert F. Brown for the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution in Phippsburg, Maine, on August 31, 1994.
McLanathan speaks of his parents and his childhood in Methuen, Massachusetts and then Andover, Massachusetts; the frequent presence of formidable aunts and uncles who entertained Episcopal bishops; attendance at a "dame school" there, then at classes given by a retired teacher at Phillips Academy, Andover; the trauma of one year at Phillips Academy with its large classes and severe teachers; the effects his father's ruin in the financial crash of 1929 had on his family; attendance at Choate (graduated 1934) and Harvard College (graduated 1938) on scholarships; his several years teaching in Manhattan at a small private school and marriage (1942) to Jane Fuller, a prominent designer of knitwear; his disqualification from the military because of flat feet and his teaching in night schools as a form of alternative service; and his matriculation (1943) as a graduate student in fine arts at Harvard. McLanathan also recalls Chandler Post, Arthur Pope, Paul Sachs, Edward Forbes, and Arthur Kingsley Porter, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Richard B.K. McLanathan (1916-1998) was an art historian, administrator, and writer. McLanathan received a Ph.D from Harvard in 1951. Ass't Curator of Paintings, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1946-1948, and Secretary, 1949-1956; Director, Museum of Art, Munson-Williams-Proctor Institute, 1957-1962; Curator of the Art Exhibit of the American National Exhibition, Moscow, Russia, 1959; New York State Council on the Arts,1960-1964; Director, American Association for Museums, 1976-1978; author of numerous publications on art.
General:
Originally recorded on 2 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 3 digital wav files. Duration is 1 hr., 52 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators. Additional interview sessions are planned.
Occupation:
Art historians -- Massachusetts  Search this
Arts administrators -- Massachusetts  Search this
Authors -- Massachusetts  Search this
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Art historians -- Maine -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Identifier:
AAA.mclana94
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-mclana94

A survey of Persian art from prehistoric times to the present / Arthur Upham Pope, editor ; Phyllis Ackerman, assistant editor

Author:
Ackerman, Phyllis 1893-1977-  Search this
Ackerman, Phyllis 1893-1977  Search this
Bestermann, Theodore 1904-  Search this
Pope, Arthur Upham 1881-1969  Search this
Physical description:
v. : ill., maps, plans ; 39 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Iran
Date:
1938
1938-
Topic:
Art  Search this
Call number:
N7280 .P63X
709.55 .P82
N7280.P63X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_58297

Catalogue of a loan exhibition of early oriental carpets : from Persia, Asia Minor, the Caucasus, Egypt, and Spain / Arthur Upham Pope

Author:
Art Club of Chicago  Search this
Pope, Arthur Upham 1881-1969  Search this
Physical description:
122 pages : illustrations, 3 color plates ; 32 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1926
Topic:
Rugs, Oriental  Search this
Call number:
NK2808 .A74yZ
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_347509

Masterpieces of Persian art / by Arthur Upham Pope, director of the Iranian institute, with contributions by Phyllis Ackerman ... and Eric Schroeder ..

Author:
Pope, Arthur Upham 1881-1969  Search this
Iranian Institute of America School of Asiatic studies  Search this
Physical description:
vi, [2], 204 p. incl. col. front.,, ill. col. plates (1 fold.) ; 29 x 22 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
1945
Topic:
Art, Iranian  Search this
Call number:
709.55 .P821
N7280.P62X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_847869

Introducing Persian architecture / Arthur Upham Pope

Author:
Pope, Arthur Upham 1881-1969  Search this
Physical description:
115 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Iran
Date:
1976
Topic:
Architecture  Search this
Islamic architecture  Search this
Call number:
NA1480 .P58 1976
NA1480.P82 1976
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_847875

Introducing Persian architecture / Arthur Upham Pope

Title:
Persian architecture
Author:
Pope, Arthur Upham 1881-1969  Search this
Physical description:
115, [4] p. : ill. (some col.), plans ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Iran
Date:
1969
Topic:
Architecture  Search this
Islamic architecture  Search this
Call number:
NA1480 .P58 1969
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_851599

The general problem of falsifications

Author:
Pope, Arthur Upham 1881-1969  Search this
Physical description:
p. [177]-195 ; 34 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1939
1939?]
Topic:
Art--Forgeries  Search this
Falsification of works of art  Search this
Call number:
709.15 .P82
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_857254

An introduction to Persian art since the seventh century, A.D. / by Arthur Upham Pope

Author:
Pope, Arthur Upham 1881-1969  Search this
Physical description:
xvi, 256 p., 2 ℓ., v p. front., plates, fold. map. 25 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1931
Topic:
Art, Iranian  Search this
Call number:
709.55 .P6
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_858928

A fifteenth century Persian painting on silk / [by] A.U. Pope

Author:
Pope, Arthur Upham 1881-1969  Search this
Physical description:
1 p. 1 plate
Type:
Books
Date:
1934
Call number:
759.956 .P82
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_860126

Avicenna and his cultural background

Author:
Pope, Arthur Upham 1881-1969  Search this
Avicenna 980-1037  Search this
Physical description:
p. 27 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1955
1955]
Call number:
920.A8 P6
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_862064

A Seljuk silver salver / by Arthur Upham Pope

Author:
Pope, Arthur Upham 1881-1969  Search this
Physical description:
p. 222-[225], 229 plates ; 32 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1933
1933]
Call number:
739.956 .P85
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_863829

The emperor's carpet : (from the Hapsburg collection) and two others / by A.F. Kendrick, A. Upham Pope [and] W.G. Thomson

Author:
Kendrick, A. F (Albert Frank) 1872-  Search this
Pope, Arthur Upham 1881-1969  Search this
Thomson, W. G (William George) 1865-1942  Search this
Physical description:
23 p. illus. (part col.) 29 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1920
1929
[192-?]
Topic:
Rugs, Persian  Search this
Call number:
745 .K31
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_864014

A Survey of Persian art from prehistoric times to the present / Arthur Upham Pope, editor ; Phyllis Ackerman, assistant editor

Author:
Pope, Arthur Upham 1881-1969  Search this
Ackerman, Phyllis 1893-1977  Search this
Physical description:
v. : ill. (some col.) ; 31 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Iran
Date:
1981
C1981-
Topic:
Art--History  Search this
Islamic art--History  Search this
Call number:
N7280 .P63X 1981
N7280.P63X 1981
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_155011

Iranian and Armenian contributions to the beginnings of Gothic architecture. Reprinted from the Armenian Quarterly, vol. 1, no. 2, 1946

Author:
Pope, Arthur Upham 1881-1969  Search this
Physical description:
125-172 p. incl. plates. 26 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1946
Topic:
Architecture, Gothic  Search this
Architecture, Iranian  Search this
Architecture, Armenian  Search this
Call number:
NA440 .P66z
NA440.P66Z
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_180480

The necessity for an American school of Asiatic studies [by] Arthur Upham Pope

Author:
Pope, Arthur Upham 1881-1969  Search this
Iranian Institute of America  Search this
Physical description:
14 p. 23 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1945
[c1945]
Topic:
Intellectual cooperation  Search this
International cooperation  Search this
Call number:
LC1099.P82 1945
LC1099.P82 1945
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_199863

Persian architecture : the triumph of form and color

Author:
Pope, Arthur Upham 1881-1969  Search this
Physical description:
288 p. illus., map, plans, 33 col. plates. 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Iran
Date:
1965
[1965]
Topic:
Architecture--History  Search this
Islamic architecture  Search this
Call number:
NA1480 .P82l
723.55 .P77
NA1480.P82l
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_35329

Some interrelations between Persian and Indian architecture

Author:
Pope, Arthur Upham 1881-1969  Search this
American Institute for Persian Art and Archaeology  Search this
Physical description:
25 p., [11] p. of plates : ill. ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Iran
India
Date:
1930
[193-?]
Topic:
Architecture  Search this
Call number:
NA1500 .P82
NA1500.P82
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_42711

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