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MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers

Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Names:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology  Search this
Bushotter, George, 1864-1892  Search this
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Mooney, James, 1861-1921  Search this
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Riggs, Stephen Return, 1812-1883  Search this
Extent:
30 Linear feet (70 boxes, 1 oversized box, 20 manuscript envelopes, 4 rolled maps, and 23 map folders)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Athapascan Indians  Search this
Catawba Indians  Search this
Minitari (Hidatsa)  Search this
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Biloxi Indians  Search this
Tutelo  Search this
Iowa  Search this
Chiwere  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Oto  Search this
Quapaw Indians  Search this
Osage  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Dhegiha Indians  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Tututni (Tutuni)  Search this
Kaw (Kansa)  Search this
Siletz  Search this
Coos (Kusan)  Search this
Yaquina (Yakwina)  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southeast  Search this
Takelma (Rogue River Indians)  Search this
Klikitat  Search this
Chasta Costa (Chastacosta)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Field notes
Drawings
Vocabulary
Folklore
Sermons
Manuscripts
Obituaries
Correspondence
Newspaper clippings
Place:
Siletz Indian Reservation (Or.)
Date:
circa 1870-1956
bulk 1870-1895
Summary:
Reverend James Owen Dorsey (1848-1895) was a missionary and Bureau of American Ethnology ethnologist who conducted extensive research on Siouan tribes and languages.The papers of James Owen Dorsey comprise mostly ethnographic and linguistic materials on various tribes of the Siouan language family as well as tribes from Siletz Reservation in Oregon. These materials include texts and letters with interlineal translations; grammar notes; dictionaries; drawings; and his manuscripts. In addition, the collection contains Dorsey's correspondence, newspaper clippings, his obituaries, and reprints.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains James O. Dorsey's research and writings as a BAE ethnologist, as well as his earlier work as a missionary among the Ponca. The vast majority of the collection pertains to his research on Siouan-Catawban languages, including the Dakota and Dhegiha languages, Chiwere, Winnebago, Mandan, Hidatsa, Tutelo, Biloxi, and Catawba. His research on Athapascan, Kusan, Takilman, and Yakonan languages from his field work at Siletz Reservation are also present, as well as some notes on the Caddoan languages. Dorsey's research files include linguistic and ethnological field notes, reading notes, stories and myths, vocabularies, drawings, and unpublished and published manuscripts. The collection also contains Omaha, Ponca, Quapaw, and Biloxi dictionaries that he compiled and materials relating to his work editing Steven Riggs' Dakota-English Dictionary. Additional noteworthy materials in the collection are Teton texts and drawings from George Bushotter and drawings by Stephen Stubbs (Kansa), Pahaule-gagli (Kansa), and George Miller (Omaha). The collection also contains Dorsey's correspondence, newspaper clippings, obituaries, and his collection of reprints.
Arrangement:
The collection is organized into 6 series: 1) Siouan; 2) Siletz Reservation; 3) Caddoan; 4) General Correspondence; 5) Personal Papers; 6) Miscellaneous & Reprints.
Biographical Note:
Reverend James Owen Dorsey (1848-1895) was a missionary and Bureau of American Ethnology ethnologist who conducted extensive research on Siouan tribes and languages.

Dorsey was born on October 31, 1848 in Baltimore, Maryland. He exhibited a talent for languages at an early age. At age 6 he learned the Hebrew alphabet and was able to read the language at age 10. In 1867 Dorsey attended the Theological Seminary of Virginia and was ordained a deacon of the Protestant Episcopal Church in 1871. In May of that year, Dorsey traveled to the Dakota Territory to serve as a missionary among the Ponca. Plagued by ill health, Dorsey was forced to end his missionary work in August 1873. By that time, however, he had learned the Ponca language well enough to converse with members of the tribe without an interpreter.

Dorsey returned to Maryland and engaged in parish work while continuing his studies of Siouan languages. His linguistic talents and knowledge of these languages attracted the attention of Major John Wesley Powell. Powell arranged for Dorsey to work among the Omaha in Nebraska from 1878 to 1880 to collect linguistic and ethnological notes. When the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) was established in 1879, Powell recruited Dorsey to join the staff.

As an ethnologist for the BAE, Dorsey continued his research on Siouan tribes. His studies focused on languages but also included Siouan personal names, folklore, social organization, religion, beliefs, and customs. He conducted fieldwork among the Tutelo at Six Nations on Grand River in Upper Canada (1882); the Kansa, Osage, and Quapaw in Indian Territory (1883-1884); the Biloxi at Lecompte, Rapides Parish, Louisiana (1892); and again with the Quapaw at the Quapaw Mission (1894). He also worked with Native Americans that visited DC, including George Bushotter (Teton), Philip Longtail (Winnebago), Samuel Fremont (Omaha), and Little Standing Buffalo (Ponca). He also spent time at Siletz Reservation in 1884 to collect linguistic notes on the Athapascan, Kusan, Takilman, and Yakonan stocks.

In addition to his research, Dorsey helped found the American Folklore Society and served as the first vice-president of the association. He also served as vice-president of Section H of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

At the age of 47, Dorsey died of typhoid fever on February 4, 1895.

Sources Consulted

1st-16th Annual Reports of the Bureau of American Ethnology. 1881-1897.

Hewitt, J.N.B. 1895. "James Owen Dorsey" American Anthropologist A8, 180-183.

McGee, W.J. 1895. "In Memoriam." Journal of American Folklore 8(28): 79-80.

1848 -- Born on October 31 in Baltimore, Maryland.

1871 -- Ordained a deacon of the Protestant Episcopal Church.

1871-1873 -- Served as a missionary among the Ponca in Dakota Territory.

1878-1880 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Omaha in Nebraska.

1879 -- Joined the staff of the Bureau of American Ethnology.

1882 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Tutelo at Six Nations on Grand River in Upper Canada.

1883-1884 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Kansa, Osage, and Quapaw in Indian Territory.

1887 -- Worked with George Bushotter to record information regarding the language and culture of the Dakota.

1884 -- Conducted fieldwork at Siletz Reservation.

1892 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Biloxi at Lecompte, Rapides Parish, Louisiana.

1894 -- Conducted fieldwork among the Quapaw at the Quapaw Mission in Indian Territory.

1895 -- Died of typhoid fever on February 4th at the age of 47.
Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Social structure  Search this
Kinship  Search this
Manners and customs  Search this
Shahaptian languages  Search this
Yakonan languages  Search this
Athapascan languages  Search this
Kusan languages  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Siouan languages  Search this
Dhegiha language  Search this
Siuslaw Indians  Search this
Hidatsa language  Search this
Omaha language  Search this
Dakota language  Search this
Catawba language  Search this
Biloxi language  Search this
Caddoan languages  Search this
Osage language  Search this
Alsea language  Search this
Kansa language  Search this
Mandan language  Search this
Chastacosta language  Search this
Coquille language  Search this
Tutelo language  Search this
Winnebago language  Search this
Siuslaw language  Search this
Takelma language  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field notes
Drawings
Vocabulary
Folklore
Sermons
Manuscripts
Obituaries
Correspondence
Newspaper clippings
Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4800
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3261ab492-5f9d-4be7-b1f4-c24d3f5da29b
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4800
Online Media:

NNAVM: Presentation of Final Design Proposals 5—Daniel SaSuWeh Jones and Enoch Kelly Haney

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2018-06-14T20:49:49.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_KIw77wwizTs

NNAVM: Meet Your Designers 3 – Daniel SaSuWeh Jones and Enoch Kelly Haney

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2018-02-12T19:58:53.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_xIRthBGLTdM

Personal papers

Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Collection Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Extent:
1 Boxe
Culture:
Ponca  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Newsclippings
Date:
circa 1870-1956
Scope and Contents:
Consists of newspaper clippings, obituaries for Dorsey, and letters of condolence to Dorsey's widow. The clippings pertain to Dorsey, including articles about him after his death; Native American issues; and religion.
Includes material related to Dorsey's and his mother's missionary work among the Ponca, newspaper clippings, Dorsey obituaries, and letters of condolance.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS.4800: Boxes 71-75
Collection Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Death and mortuary customs -- Dorsey obituaries  Search this
Genre/Form:
Newsclippings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4800, Series 5
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3e840a654-b722-46e1-9e9f-efed3f48b4ae
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4800-ref1777

Notebook of newspaper clippings

Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Stanford, Maria S.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Extent:
150 Pages (ca. 150 pages)
Culture:
Ponca  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Pages
Newsclippings
Date:
1871-1873
Scope and Contents:
Relates to missionary work among the Ponca. Includes annotations and brief entries by Dorsey.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS.4800: Box 64
Collection Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Ponca Indians  Search this
Missions -- Dorsey, J O among  Search this
Genre/Form:
Newsclippings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers / Series 5: Personal papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw30553c9b9-208f-4294-9925-a2d15b02c60e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4800-ref1873

Clippings, miscellaneous

Collection Creator:
Dorsey, James Owen, 1848-1895  Search this
Container:
Map-folder Box 64
Box 64A
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1870s-1880s
undated
Scope and Contents note:
Includes articles about the Ponca and mentions of Dorsey.
Collection Restrictions:
The James O. Dorsey Papers are open for research. Access to the James O. Dorsey Papers requires an appointment
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 4800 James O. Dorsey papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers
MS 4800 James O. Dorsey papers / Series 5: Personal papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3ac8e3f05-ed79-4776-932c-7bf5ba845317
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4800-ref550

Jar

Culture/People:
Jemez Pueblo  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Ponca Fragua (Virginia Fragua), Jemez Pueblo, b. 1961  Search this
Donor:
Dr. John Moses, Non-Indian  Search this
Previous owner:
John R. Moses, Non-Indian, 1919-2007  Search this
Object Name:
Jar
Media/Materials:
Pottery, clay slip, paint
Techniques:
Coiled/hand built, painted
Dimensions:
18.0 x 18.0 cm
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Jemez Pueblo, Jemez Reservation; Sandoval County; New Mexico; USA
Date created:
1986-1987
Catalog Number:
26/7108
Barcode:
267108.000
See related items:
Jemez Pueblo
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws60bec6db3-5058-41c5-b065-df54fc86593c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_394283
Online Media:

Love is Blind

Culture/People:
Ponca  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Julie Buffalohead, Ponca, b. 1972  Search this
Seller:
Berlin Gallery  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
Ford Foundation, 1936-  Search this
Title:
Love is Blind
Object Name:
Painting
Media/Materials:
Cotton canvas, paint, graphite
Techniques:
Drawn, painted
Dimensions:
91.0 x 45.9 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Saint Paul; Ramsey County; Minnesota; USA
Date created:
2009
Catalog Number:
26/8616
Barcode:
268616.000
See related items:
Ponca
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6bea02713-88f6-48f4-b5ea-af9fda4bf1c8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_401528
Online Media:

Seems You Have to Play Indian to Be Indian

Culture/People:
Ponca  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Julie Buffalohead, Ponca, b. 1972  Search this
Seller:
Bockley Gallery  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
Ford Foundation, 1936-  Search this
Title:
Seems You Have to Play Indian to Be Indian
Object Name:
Painting
Media/Materials:
Paper, paint, ink, graphite
Techniques:
Drawn, painted
Dimensions:
51.00 x 82.00 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Saint Paul; Ramsey County; Minnesota; USA
Date created:
2013
Catalog Number:
26/8625
Barcode:
268625.000
See related items:
Ponca
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6f1c1cb46-624b-4ea7-b146-a47177f89240
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_401619
Online Media:

Hostage

Culture/People:
Ponca  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Julie Buffalohead, Ponca, b. 1972  Search this
Seller:
Bockley Gallery  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
Ford Foundation, 1936-  Search this
Title:
Hostage
Object Name:
Painting
Media/Materials:
Paper, paint, ink, graphite
Techniques:
Drawn, painted
Dimensions:
48.30 x 63.80 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Saint Paul; Ramsey County; Minnesota; USA
Date created:
2008
Catalog Number:
26/8626
Barcode:
268626.000
See related items:
Ponca
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6cf725aed-6219-437a-8775-f917f94ad991
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_401680
Online Media:

The Bronzeman vol. 3 no. 7

Published by:
The Bronzeman, American  Search this
Fireside Publications, Inc., American  Search this
Edited by:
Henry N. Bacon  Search this
Caswell W. Crews  Search this
Written by:
Joy White  Search this
Subject of:
Laura Cathrell, 1914 - 1999  Search this
Medium:
ink on paper with metal
Dimensions:
H x W x D (Closed): 11 5/16 × 8 1/4 × 1/16 in. (28.8 × 20.9 × 0.2 cm)
H x W x D (Open): 11 5/16 × 16 3/8 × 1/16 in. (28.8 × 41.6 × 0.1 cm)
Type:
magazines (periodicals)
Place printed:
Spencer, Owen County, Indiana, United States, North and Central America
Place made:
Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, United States, North and Central America
Date:
June 1933
Topic:
African American  Search this
Black Press  Search this
Fashion  Search this
Journalism  Search this
Literature  Search this
Mass media  Search this
Religion  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture
Object number:
2013.46.25.271
Restrictions & Rights:
Unknown - Restrictions Possible
Rights assessment and proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Collection title:
The Laura Cathrell Show-Down Magazine Collection
Classification:
Books and Published Materials
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd554859576-8da4-4e05-9a22-aa46a296282d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2013.46.25.271
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  • View <I>The Bronzeman vol. 3 no. 7</I> digital asset number 1

James Henri Howard Papers

Creator:
Howard, James H., 1925-1982 (James Henri)  Search this
Correspondent:
Woolworth, Alan R.  Search this
Weslager, C.A.  Search this
Witthoft, John, 1921-1993  Search this
Swauger, James Lee  Search this
Turnbull, Colin  Search this
Horn, Frances L.  Search this
Garcia, Louis  Search this
Fogelson, Raymond D.  Search this
Hodge, William  Search this
Hayink, J.  Search this
Feder, Norman  Search this
Ervin, Sam J. Jr  Search this
Feraca, Stephen E., 1934-  Search this
Feest, Christian F.  Search this
Cree, Charlie  Search this
Davis, Edward Mott  Search this
De Busk, Charles R.  Search this
Iadarola, Angelo  Search this
Brasser, Ted J.  Search this
Bunge, Gene  Search this
Cavendish, Richard  Search this
Clifton, James A.  Search this
DeMallie, Raymond  Search this
Blake, Leonard W.  Search this
Dean, Nora Thompson  Search this
Spier, Leslie, 1893-1961  Search this
Smith, John L.  Search this
Swanton, John Robert  Search this
Sturtevant, William C.  Search this
Peterson, John H.  Search this
Paredes, J. Anthony, 1939- (James Anthony)  Search this
Schleisser, Karl H.  Search this
Reed, Nelson A.  Search this
Medford, Claude W.  Search this
Lurie, Nancy Oestreich  Search this
Opler, Morris Edward  Search this
Nettl, Bruno, 1930-  Search this
Kraft, Herbert C.  Search this
Johnson, Michael G.  Search this
Lindsey-Levine, Victoria  Search this
Kurath, Gertrude  Search this
Adams, Richard N. (Richard Newbold), 1924-  Search this
Allen, James H.  Search this
Barksdale, Mary Lee  Search this
Battise, Jack  Search this
Names:
Lone Star Steel Company  Search this
Extent:
10.25 Linear feet
Culture:
Seminole  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Shawnee  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Chickasaw  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Yanktonnai Nakota (Yankton Sioux)  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Euchee (Yuchi)  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Iroquois  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Sahnish (Arikara)  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Mi'kmaq (Micmac)  Search this
Kickapoo  Search this
Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox)  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Lenape (Delaware)  Search this
Oto  Search this
Tonkawa  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Oklahoma -- Archeology
Date:
1824-1992
bulk 1950-1982
Summary:
To a considerable degree, the James H. Howard papers consist of manuscript copies of articles, book, speeches, and reviews that document his professional work in anthropology, ethnology, ethnohistory, archeology, linguistics, musicology, and folklore between 1950 and 1982. Among these are a few unpublished items. Notes are relatively scant, there being somewhat appreciable materials for the Chippewa, Choctaw, Creek, Dakota, Omaha, Ponca, Seminole, and Shawnee. The chief field materials represented in the collection are sound recordings and photographs, but many of the latter are yet to be unidentified. A series of color photographs of Indian artifacts in folders are mostly identified and represent the extensive American Indian Cultural collection of costumes and artifacts that Howard acquired and created. Other documents include copies of papers and other research materials of colleagues. There is very little original material related to archeological work in the collection and that which is present concerns contract work for the Lone State Steel Company.
Scope and Contents:
The James Henri Howard papers document his research and professional activities from 1949-1982 and primarily deal with his work as an anthropologist, archeologist, and ethnologist, studying Native American languages & cultures. The collection consists of Series 1 correspondence; Series 2 writings and research, which consists of subject files (language and culture research materials), manuscripts, research proposals, Indian claim case materials, Howard's publications, publications of others, and bibliographical materials; Series 3 sound recordings of Native American music and dance; Series 4 photographs; and Series 5 drawings and artwork.

Howard was also a linguist, musicologist, and folklorist, as well as an informed and able practitioner in the fields of dance and handicrafts. His notable books include Choctaw Music and Dance; Oklahoma Seminoles: Medicines, Magic, and Religion; and Shawnee! The Ceremonialism of a Native American Tribe and its Cultural Background.

Some materials are oversize, specifically these three Winter Count items: 1. a Dakota Winter Count made of cloth in 1953 at the request of James H. Howard, 2. a drawing of British Museum Winter Count on 4 sheets of paper, and 3. Photographs of a Winter Count.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 5 series: Series 1. Correspondence, 1960-1982, undated; Series 2. Writings and Research, 1824-1992; Series 3. Sound Recordings, 1960-1979; Series 4. Photographs, 1879-1985; Series 5. Drawings and Artwork, 1928-1982.
Chronology:
1925 -- James Henri Howard was born on September 10 in Redfield, South Dakota.

1949 -- Received his Bachelor of Arts from the University of Nebraska.

1950 -- Received his Master of Arts from the University of Nebraska and began a prolific record of publishing.

1950-1953 -- Began his first professional employment as an archaeologist and preparator at the North Dakota State Historical Museum in Bismarck.

1955-1957 -- Was a museum lecturer at the Kansas City (Missouri) Museum.

1957 -- James H. Howard received his Ph.D. at the University of Michigan. Joined the staff of the Smithsonian's River Basin Surveys in the summer.

1957-1963 -- Taught anthropology at the University of North Dakota.

1962 -- Chief archeologist at the Fortress of Louisberg Archeological Project in Nova Scotia.

1963-1968 -- Taught anthropology at the University of South Dakota; State Archeologist of South Dakota; Director of the W. H. Over Dakota Museum.

1963-1966 -- Director of the Institute of Indian Studies, University of South Dakota.

1968-1982 -- Associate professor of anthropology at Oklahoma State University at Stillwater (became a full professor in 1971).

1979 -- Consulted for exhibitions at the Western Heritage Museum in Omaha, Nebraska.

1982 -- Died October 1 after a brief illness.
Biographical/Historical note:
James H. Howard was trained in anthropology at the University of Nebraska (B.A., 1949; M.A., 1950) and the University of Michigan (Ph.D., 1957). In 1950-1953, he served as archeologist and preparator at the North Dakota State Historical Museum; and, in 1955-1957, he was on the staff of the Kansas City (Missouri) Museum. During the summer of 1957, he joined the staff of the Smithsonian's River Basin Surveys. Between 1957 and 1963, he taught anthropology at the Universtity of North Dakota. Between 1963 and 1968, he served in several capacities with the University of South Dakota including assistant and associate professor, director of the Institute of Indian Studies (1963-1966), and Director of the W.H. Over Museum (1963-1968). In 1968, he joined the Department of Sociology at Oklahoma State University, where he achieved the rank of professor in 1970. In 1979, he was a consultant for exhibitions at the Western Heritage Museum in Omaha, Nebraska.

Howard's abiding interest were the people of North America, whom he studied both as an ethnologist and archeologist. Between 1949 and 1982, he worked with the Ponca, Omaha, Yankton and Yaktonai Dakota, Yamasee, Plains Ojibwa (or Bungi), Delaware, Seneca-Cayuga, Prairie Potatwatomi of Kansas, Mississipi and Oklahoma Choctaw, Oklahoma Seminole, and Pawnee. His interest in these people varied from group to group. With some he carried out general culture studies; with other, special studies of such phenomena as ceremonies, art, dance, and music. For some, he was interest in environmental adaptation and land use, the latter particularly for the Pawnee, Yankton Dakota, Plains Ojibwa, Turtle Mountain Chippewa, and Ponca, for which he served as consultant and expert witness in suits brought before the United Stated Indian Claims Commisssion. A long-time museum man, Howard was also interested in items of Indian dress, articles associated with ceremonies, and other artifacts. He was "a thoroughgoing participant-observer and was a member of the Ponca Hethuska Society, a sharer in ceremonial activities of many Plains tribes, and a first-rate 'powwow man'." (American Anthropologist 1986, 88:692).

As an archeologist, Howard worked at Like-a-Fishhook Village in North Dakota, Spawn Mound and other sites in South Dakota, Gavin Point in Nebraska and South Dakota, Weston and Hogshooter sites in Oklahoma, and the Fortess of Louisbourg in Nova Scotia. He also conducted surveys for the Lone Star Steel Company in Haskall, Latimer, Le Flore and Pittsburg counties in Oklahoma.
Related Materials:
Howard's American Indian Cultural Collection of Costumes and Artifacts, that he acquired and created during his lifetime, is currently located at the Milwaukee Public Museum. In Boxes 19-21 of the James Henri Howard Papers, there are photographs with accompanying captions and descriptions in binders of his American Indian Cultural Collection of Costumes and Artifacts that his widow, Elfriede Heinze Howard, created in order to sell the collection to a museum.
Provenance:
These papers were donated to the National Anthropological Archives by James Henri Howard's wife, Elfriede Heinz Howard, in 1988-1990, 1992, & 1994.
Restrictions:
The James Henri Howard papers are open for research. Access to the James Henri Howard papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Southern states  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Ethnology -- United States  Search this
Ethnomusicology  Search this
Folklore -- American Indian  Search this
Powwows  Search this
Citation:
James Henri Howard Papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.1994-30
See more items in:
James Henri Howard Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw30379c657-37d6-4c9e-99c4-eb8f7be76c10
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-1994-30
Online Media:

Headdress

Culture/People:
Ponca  Search this
Previous owner:
Marianne Schurz, Non-Indian, 1857-1929  Search this
General Carl Christian Schurz, Non-Indian, 1829-1906  Search this
Carl L. Schurz, Non-Indian, 1871-1924  Search this
Possible collector:
General Carl Christian Schurz, Non-Indian, 1829-1906  Search this
Object Name:
Headdress
Media/Materials:
Wool cloth, eagle feather/feathers, horsehair
Techniques:
Wrapped, tied
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Headwear and Headdresses
Place:
Nebraska; USA (inferred)
Catalog Number:
9/6564
Barcode:
096564.000
See related items:
Ponca
Clothing/Garments: Headwear and Headdresses
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6e81d0c44-252e-4311-9908-eb94e8d57e88
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_104314
Online Media:

Dance bustle

Culture/People:
Ponca  Search this
Collector:
Charles F. Nesler, Non-Indian, 1864-1930  Search this
Previous owner:
Charles F. Nesler, Non-Indian, 1864-1930  Search this
Donor:
Charles F. Nesler, Non-Indian, 1864-1930  Search this
Object Name:
Dance bustle
Media/Materials:
Feather/feathers
Techniques:
Wrapped, tied
Dimensions:
120 x 65 x 25 cm
Object Type:
Personal items
Place:
Oklahoma; USA (inferred)
Catalog Number:
10/5452
Barcode:
105452.000
See related items:
Ponca
Personal items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6a2019d8b-8c1f-4c55-b7fd-f8024f1a7e78
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_113033
Online Media:

Girl's blouse

Culture/People:
probably Ponca (attributed); collected from the Osage  Search this
Previous owner:
Rosy Bacon Rind, Osage  Search this
Collector:
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Girl's blouse
Media/Materials:
Cotton cloth, ribbon, sequins, thread
Techniques:
Sewn, appliquéd
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments
Native Term:
has' ka
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Catalog Number:
2/665
Barcode:
020665.000
See related items:
Ponca
Osage
Clothing/Garments
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6a945fb81-8c52-4a5d-b61b-b6e9867c2fcd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_21662
Online Media:

Concho belt

Culture/People:
Ponca  Search this
Previous owner:
Edward Borein, Non-Indian, 1873-1945  Search this
Seller:
Lucille E. Borein (Mrs. Edward Borein), Non-Indian, 1882-1967  Search this
Object Name:
Concho belt
Media/Materials:
Hide, metal conchas, glass bead/beads, hide thong/babiche
Techniques:
Lazy/lane stitch beadwork
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Accessories
Place:
Oklahoma; USA (inferred)
Catalog Number:
20/7826
Barcode:
207826.000
See related items:
Ponca
Clothing/Garments: Accessories
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6971b3f0c-e63c-4a41-a7ca-133750f5275b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_221694
Online Media:

Woman's dress

Culture/People:
probably Ponca (attributed)  Search this
Collector:
Chief William M. Skye (Bill Skye), Peoria, 1868-1923  Search this
Hope M. Fulbright, Non-Indian, 1876-1949  Search this
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Woman's dress
Media/Materials:
Wool cloth, ribbon, metal brooches, dentalium shell/shells, glass bead/beads
Techniques:
Sewn, ribbonwork appliqué, lazy/lane stitch beadwork
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments
Place:
Nebraska; USA (inferred)
Catalog Number:
2/5768
Barcode:
025768.000
See related items:
Ponca
Clothing/Garments
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6e6c52585-a038-4de3-b7b5-1deaea840c84
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_27054
Online Media:

Hat/cap

Culture/People:
Oto  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Mother of Jim Grant, Oto/Ponca  Search this
Previous owner:
Jim Pepper (James Gilbert Pepper II/Hánga Ciyéta/Hun-gah chi-eta), Kaw (Kansa)/Oklahoma Muscogee (Creek), 1941-1992  Search this
Floy C. Pepper (Floy Childers/Floy Childers Pepper), Oklahoma Muscogee (Creek), 1917-2010  Search this
Suzanne M. Henry (Suzie Pepper Henry), Kaw (Kansa)/Oklahoma Muscogee (Creek)  Search this
James Pepper Henry (Jim Pepper Henry), Kaw (Kansa)/Oklahoma Muscogee (Creek)  Search this
Donor:
Floy C. Pepper (Floy Childers/Floy Childers Pepper), Oklahoma Muscogee (Creek), 1917-2010  Search this
Suzanne M. Henry (Suzie Pepper Henry), Kaw (Kansa)/Oklahoma Muscogee (Creek)  Search this
James Pepper Henry (Jim Pepper Henry), Kaw (Kansa)/Oklahoma Muscogee (Creek)  Search this
Object Name:
Hat/cap
Media/Materials:
Nylon fabric, glass bead/beads, eagle feather/feathers
Techniques:
Commercially produced/manufactured, lazy/lane stitch beadwork
Dimensions:
26.7 x 35.8 x 9.7 cm
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Headwear and Headdresses
Place:
Oklahoma; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1983-1988
Catalog Number:
26/6301
Barcode:
266301.000
See related items:
Oto
Clothing/Garments: Headwear and Headdresses
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6e4f1a6fa-1615-446c-9eef-2164e96e1d79
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_388866
Online Media:

Man's coat/jacket

Culture/People:
Ponca  Search this
MAI agent:
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Man's coat/jacket
Media/Materials:
Hide, glass bead/beads, hide thong/babiche
Techniques:
Overlay beadwork
Dimensions:
74 x 136 x 75.3 cm
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Date created:
circa 1890
Catalog Number:
3/6483
Barcode:
036483.000
See related items:
Ponca
Clothing/Garments
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws68377eda9-d751-494b-9f5e-299f81f421d5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_38984
Online Media:

Roach

Culture/People:
Ponca  Search this
Previous owner:
Silas Primeaux, Ponca  Search this
Collector:
Mark Raymond Harrington (M. R. Harrington/MRH), Non-Indian, 1882-1971  Search this
Object Name:
Roach
Media/Materials:
Porcupine guard hair, horsehair, deer hair, hide thong/babiche
Techniques:
Wrapped, tied
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments: Headwear and Headdresses
Native Term:
ta hi wa gru
Place:
Oklahoma; USA
Catalog Number:
3/6750
Barcode:
036750.000
See related items:
Ponca
Clothing/Garments: Headwear and Headdresses
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6b8fbbd0e-0d23-4f9f-bf1c-fbb80c294695
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_39411
Online Media:

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