Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
1,182 documents - page 1 of 60

Anemonastrum canadense

Life Form:
Herbaceous perennial
Bloom Characteristics:
Hairy stems are topped by white, five petaled flowers with showy, yellow stamens. Flowers are 2" (5 cm) across.
Foliage Characteristics:
Simple, deeply dissected leaves are arranged in a whorl.
Plant Size:
1-2' tall x 2-2.5' wide (30-60 x 60-76 cm)
Range:
Subarctic America to W Central and E USA
Habitat:
Edge of rivers, low moist meadows
Topic:
Display Gardens  Search this
Living Collections  Search this
Common Name:
Canada anemone
Meadow anemone
Windflower
Group:
[vascular plants]
Class:
Equisetopsida
Subclass:
Magnoliidae
Superorder:
Ranunculanae
Order:
Ranunculales
Family:
Ranunculaceae
Genus:
Anemonastrum
Species:
canadense
Accession Number:
2022-0590A
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
Smithsonian Gardens Display Collection
On Display:
National Museum of the American Indian
Data Source:
Smithsonian Gardens
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ax7698d256e-331f-48e3-b3cf-daa7727b1792
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:ofeo-sg_2022-0590A

Ponca man, Standing Bear in Indian dress, wearing bear claw necklace

Creator:
Price & Campbell (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Extent:
1 Photograph (4x5 in)
Culture:
Ponca  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Biographical / Historical:
Photographer: Price & Campbell, 680 Braodway, New York.
Local Numbers:
OPPS NEG.54573
Local Note:
Black and white copy negative
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Price & Campbell
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw34c5e3485-8bd7-46c7-a2c1-98d3678e8152
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref11049

[Bust (Front) from life mask of Te-o-kon-ha or Arthur Ramsey, made on Omaha Reservation, Nebraska, August-September 1912]

Extent:
1 Glass negative
Culture:
Ponca  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Bust made from field mould by Frank Micka in 1914.
Local Numbers:
BAE GN.4242 A
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Photographer not recorded
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw396891935-5c39-458c-a165-cf324a6c0dca
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref12948

[Bust (Profile) from life mask of Te-o-kon-ha or Arthur Ramsey, made on Omaha Reservation, Nebraska, August-September 1912]

Extent:
1 Glass negative
Culture:
Ponca  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Photographs
Scope and Contents:
Bust made from field mould by Frank Micka in 1914.
Local Numbers:
BAE GN.4242 B
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Photographer not recorded
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3438b3fd2-82f0-484a-bebd-021b46d54a5a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref12949

[Portrait (Profile) of Chief Frank La Flesche, Sr, also known as Mi-xa-cka or White Swan, uncle of Francis La Flesche]

Extent:
1 Glass negative
Culture:
Ponca  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Photographs
Local Numbers:
BAE GN.4509 B
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Photographer not recorded
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3828e7362-6a47-430e-9978-45f564b85494
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref13195

[Portrait (Front) of Wah-na-shay-zhinga or Little Soldier]

Extent:
1 Glass negative
Culture:
Ponca  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Photographs
Date:
ca. 1906
ca. 1906
Local Numbers:
BAE GN.9293
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Photographer not recorded
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3cb5b7dce-cbdf-4466-a739-629aab4e5284
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref13250

[Portrait (Profile) of Wah-na-shay-zhinga or Little Soldier]

Extent:
1 Glass negative
Culture:
Ponca  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Glass negatives
Photographs
Date:
ca. 1906
ca. 1906
Local Numbers:
BAE GN.SI 8898
Genre/Form:
Photographs
See more items in:
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives
Bureau of American Ethnology negatives / Additional Materials / Photographer not recorded
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw30a4a0cbf-04da-4e24-8203-12abd0dd4d8f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-176-ref13424

Doll

Collector:
Dr. Betty J. Meggers  Search this
Donor Name:
Dr. Betty J. Meggers  Search this
Length:
24 cm
Culture:
Ponca  Search this
Sac and Fox (Sauk/Thakiwaki & Meskwaki)  Search this
Object Type:
Doll
Place:
Shawnee, Oklahoma, United States, North America
Accession Date:
9 May 1990
Collection Date:
Jul 1941
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
374095
USNM Number:
E424905-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3dccb184d-a4de-4319-a90f-b652fbc14012
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8458050
Online Media:

The President of the United States Inducing the Hostile Tribes of the Pawnees and the Poncas to Shake Hands

Artist:
Unidentified Artist  Search this
Publisher:
Illustrated London News, founded 1842  Search this
Sitter:
James Buchanan, 21 Apr 1791 - 1 Jun 1868  Search this
Medium:
Wood engraving on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 24 × 34.8 cm (9 7/16 × 13 11/16")
Sheet: 28 × 41 cm (11 × 16 1/8")
Type:
Print
Date:
February 13, 1858
Topic:
Costume\Headgear\Headdress  Search this
Artwork\Sculpture  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Feather  Search this
Equipment\Staff  Search this
Newspaper  Search this
James Buchanan: Male  Search this
James Buchanan: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
James Buchanan: Politics and Government\Presidential candidate  Search this
James Buchanan: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Pennsylvania  Search this
James Buchanan: Politics and Government\President of US  Search this
James Buchanan: Politics and Government\Cabinet member\Secretary of State  Search this
James Buchanan: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
James Buchanan: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Pennsylvania  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Object number:
NPG.2015.140
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm42a64bec7-09fa-4bc2-be11-965bd1c7f706
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2015.140

Portrait of Chief Mo-Chu-Non-Zhin (Standing Bear) Wearing Bead Choker and Fur and Bear Claw Necklace

Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Taylor, James E., 1839-1901 (artist and collector)  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (002 in x 004 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in)
Container:
Volume 1, Page 26
Culture:
Ponca  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01601210

NAA MS.MS 4605

OPPS NEG.56610
Local Note:
Black and white Photoprint on Paper Mount in Album
Place:
Canada
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
MS 4605, James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West / Page 26
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3d2b524bc-6fcb-4a9a-98df-90644295de17
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4605-ref839

Portrait of Four Men in Native Dress and with Pipe Tomahawks

Creator:
Shindler, Antonio(n) Zeno  Search this
Collector:
Taylor, James E. (Artist)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Taylor, James E., 1839-1901 (artist and collector)  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print (004 in x 005 in mounted on 014 in x 018 in)
Container:
Volume 1, Page 33
Culture:
Ponca  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Date:
1868
Scope and Contents:
E-Nan Ni-Ka-Ga-Hi (Lone Chief), Called Antoine Primeau, Ta-To-Ga-No-Zhi (Standing Buffalo Bull), We-Ga-Ca-Pi (Whip), and Wa-Shko-Mo-Thi (Walks with Effort)
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.01601609

NAA MS.MS 4605

OPPS NEG.4232
Local Note:
Black and white Photoprint on Paper Mount in Album
Place:
Washington, DC
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Collection Citation:
MS 4605, James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West
James E. Taylor scrapbook of the American West / Page 33
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw341abc4f5-6789-4377-b2a0-7843b7681a96
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms4605-ref892

Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection

Creator:
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Names:
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs  Search this
United States. Department of the Interior  Search this
Extent:
3,710 Photographic prints (29 photograph albums)
3 Linear feet
1430 Negatives (photographic) (acetate)
325 Lantern slides (colored)
Culture:
Oklahoma Cherokee  Search this
Oklahoma Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Osage  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Sioux [Crow Creek]  Search this
Ponca  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Oklahoma Seminole  Search this
Quapaw  Search this
Miami [Oklahoma]  Search this
Wyandotte [Oklahoma]  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Eastern Shawnee [Quapaw Agency, Oklahoma]  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Oto  Search this
Sioux [Crow Creek]  Search this
Chickasaw  Search this
Modoc  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Kaw (Kansa)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Akimel O'odham (Pima)  Search this
Cahuilla  Search this
Chemehuevi  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
Kumeyaay (Diegueño)  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Payómkawichum (Luiseño)  Search this
Mescalero Apache  Search this
Mojave (Mohave)  Search this
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo)  Search this
Picuris Pueblo  Search this
Piipaash (Maricopa)  Search this
Puye Pueblo  Search this
Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan)  Search this
San Carlos Apache  Search this
Taos Pueblo  Search this
Tohono O'odham (Papago)  Search this
Minnesota Chippewa  Search this
Lake Superior Chippewa  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Pechanga Band Luiseño  Search this
Rincon Band Luiseño  Search this
Santa Ysabel (Santa Isabela) Diegueño  Search this
Pala Band Luiseño (Agua Caliente)  Search this
Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik)  Search this
Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo)  Search this
Bering Strait Inupiaq  Search this
Alutiiq (Pacific Eskimo)  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Wahpetonwan Dakota (Wahpeton Sioux)  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Negatives (photographic)
Lantern slides
Photographs
Photograph albums
Place:
Utah
Alaska
Oklahoma
Washington
Florida
Montana
Arizona
Arkansas
Missouri
North Carolina
Minnesota
New Mexico
California
Date:
1880-1928
bulk 1899-1909
Summary:
The Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection includes photographic negatives, photo albums, lantern slides, journals, scrapbooks and other documents created and compiled by the Churchills over the course of Frank's career as a special agent and Indian Inspector for the Department of the Interior between 1899 and 1909. Initially assigned as a revenue collector to the Cherokee Nation and later as an Indian Inspector reviewing boarding schools, Frank's assignments took him all over the United States including Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma), Missouri, Texas, Nebraska, Kansas, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, California, Florida, North Carolina and Alaska. During this time the Churchills visited over 80 different Native communities shooting photographs and taking notes.
Scope and Contents:
The Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection includes 1430 photographic negatives, 29 photo albums containing 3710 photographic prints, 325 lantern slides, and 3 linear feet of journals, scrapbooks, and other documents created and compiled by the Churchills over the course of Frank's career as a special agent and Indian Inspector for the Department of the Interior between 1899 and 1909.

Series 1: Photographs in Indian Territory (Oklahoma): Muskogee, Tahlequah, Sulphur Springs and Other Assignments, 1899-1903, includes 11 photo albums and 357 negatives from Frank Churchill's original assignment as revenue collector to the Cherokee Nation. Locations include Indian Territory (Oklahoma) [bulk], Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa, South Dakota, Arkansas, and Missouri. The Native communities visited and photographed in this series include— Oklahoma Cherokee, Oklahoma Muskogee (Creek), Quapaw, Osage, Miami, Wyandotte [Oklahoma], Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne), Winnebago [Nebraska], Eastern Shawnee [Quapaw Agency, Oklahoma], Ponca, Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee), Oto, Sioux [Crow Creek], Kaw (Kansa), Chickasaw, Modoc, Kiowa, Choctaw.

Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, Califonia, Minnesota and Wisconsin, 1903-1907, includes 9 photo albums and 832 negatives from Frank Churchill's assignment as an Indian Inspector. Because the Churchills visited some of the same locations on multiple occasions, it has been hard to date some of the negatives. For that reason, all the negatives made in the Southwest have been included in this series, though there are two photo albums with Southwest photographs included in Series 4. Locations in this series includes Arizona, New Mexico, California, Minnesota and Wisconsin. The Native Communities visited and photographed in this series include—A:shiwi (Zuni), Diné (Navajo), Acoma Pueblo, Akimel O'odham (Pima), Cahuilla, Chemehuevi, Cochiti Pueblo, Hopi Pueblo, Isleta Pueblo, K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo), Kumeyaay (Diegueño), Laguna Pueblo, Luiseño (Luiseno), Mescalero Apache, Mojave (Mohave), Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo), Picuris Pueblo, Piipaash (Maricopa), Puye Pueblo, Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan), San Carlos Apache, Taos Pueblo, Tohono O'odham (Papago).

Series 3: Photographs in Alaska and Oregon, 1905-1910 (bulk 1905), includes four photograph albums and 71 negatives from Frank Churchill's appointment as special agent, by President Roosevelt, to investigate the condition of the school & reindeer service and other affairs in Alaska in the summer and fall of 1905. Two of the albums were not made by the Churchills. The first of these (Box 20) includes photographs by William Hamilton and the second (Box 21) includes photographs by W. T. Lopp. Locations in Alaska include St. Lawrence Island, Nuwukmiut/Point Barrow, Teller, Diomedes Islands, Nome, Kotzebue, Wrangell, Port Clarence Bay, Unalaska Island and Baranof Island. There are a number of photographs aboard the U.S. Cutter "Bear" and aboard the mailboat "Georgia." Native communities photographed include—Yuit (Siberian Yup'ik), Inupiaq (Alaskan Inupiat Eskimo), Bering Strait Inupiaq [Diomedes], Alutiiq (Pacific Eskimo), Tlingit.

Series 4: Photographs in Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota, Florida and Miscellaneous, 1907-1909, includes five photograph albums and 163 negatives from Frank Churchill's assignment at Indian Inspector. Because the Churchills visited some of the same locations in the Southwest (Arizona and Utah) on multiple occasions, it has been hard to date some of the negatives. For that reason, all the negatives made in the Southwest have been included in Series 3. Locations include Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota and Florida. Native communities visited and photographed include-Diné (Navajo), Hopi Pueblo, Kaibab Paiute, Quechan (Yuma/Cuchan), Eastern Band of Cherokee, Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan), Wahpetonwan Dakota [Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe], Turtle Mountain Chippewa, Seminole. There is restricted material in Box 23 (Album P23380).

Series 5: Non-Native Photographs: Colorado Vacation, Lebanon, New Hampshire, and other Materials, 1898-1913, includes four photograph albums from vacations and other visits made by the Churchills unrelated to Frank's activities as Indian Inspector.

Series 6: Manuscripts: Journals, Documents and Scrapbooks, 1880-1928 (bulk 1899-1909), includes three linear feet of materials arranged in three subseries. Subseries 6.1, Clara Churchill, includes 16 journals, 12 scrapbooks and various other manuscript materials written and accumulated by Clara Churchill during their travels. Many of the journals include personal writings as well as several photographs that are duplicated in the photograph albums. The journals and scrapbooks encompass the full range of the Churchills' travels and include notes from Indian Territory, Southwest, Midwest, Southeast, Plains and Alaska. Subseries 6.2, Colonel Frank C. Churchill, includes official documents around Churchill's assignments as well as the reports Frank submitted back to the Secretary of the Interior (Box 41 and 42). Subseries 6.3, Churchill Museum and Miscellaneous, includes catalogs and other notes related to the large collection of Native American objects amassed by Frank and Clara. Clara also collected other items such as shells, minerals, and sand.

Series 7: Lantern Slides for Lectures, 1899-1909, includes 325 hand colored glass lantern slides. These were made by the Churchills from existing negatives and used for lectures. Lantern slides #1-#121 include views photographed in Alaska in 1905. Sldes #122-#325 include an assortment of views from Oklahoma (Indian Territory), Nebraska, Montana, Minnesota, California, Arizona and New Mexico photographed between 1900 and 1909.
Arrangement:
The Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection has been arranged in seven series by material type and then chronologically. The first five series are then divided into subseries by "Photo Albums" and "Negatives." These include--Series 1: Photographs in Indian Territory (Oklahoma): Muskogee, Tahlequah, Sulphur Springs and Other Assignments, 1899-1903; Series 2: Photographs in the Southwest and Midwest: Arizona, New Mexico, California, Minnesota and Wisconsin, 1907-1907; Series 3: Photographs in Alaska and Oregon, 1905-1910 (bulk 1905-1905); Series 4: Photographs in Arizona, Utah, North Carolina, Montana, North Dakota, Florida and Miscellaneous, 1907-1909; Series 5: Non-Native Photographs: Colorado Vaction, Lebanon, New Hampshire, and other Materials.

Series 6: Manuscripts: Journals, Documents and Scrapbooks, 1880-1928, is arranged in three subseries. Subseries 6.1: Clara G. Churchill, Subseries 6.2: Frank C. Churchill, and Subseries 6.3: Churchill Museum and Miscellaneous. Series 7: Lantern Slides for Lectures, 1899-1909, is arranged in orginal number order from the Hood Museum at Dartmouth College.
Biographical / Historical:
Frank Carroll Churchill was born August 2, 1850 to Benjamin P. Churchill and Susanna Thompson in West Fairlee, Vermont. Frank was educated at Thetford Academy in Thetford, VT and worked as a clerk for D.C. Churchill & Co. in Lyme, NH between 1869-1870. Between 1870 and 1877, Churchill was employed by H.W. Carter as a wholesale merchant in Lebanon, New Hampshire. During this time, Churchill met Clara Corser Turner and they were married on June 11, 1874.

Clara G. (Turner) Churchill was born December 16, 1851, to Colonel Francis H. Corser and Sarah Hook (Perkins) Corser. Colonel Corser and his wife died young, and Clara was adopted by George and Abby H. Turner of Concord, New Hampshire. In 1877, in association with William S. Carter, Frank Churchill opened the business "Carter & Churchill" which was in this business for 21 years. Churchill held various political offices from 1879-91. He served as chairman of the Republican town committee of Lebanon and of the Republican State committee in 1890 and 1891. He served on the staff of Governor Natt Head in 1879 and 1880, with the rank of Colonel. He was chairman of the New Hampshire delegation at the Republican National Convention which nominated President Harrison and represented the Fourth District in the Executive Council in 1889-1890 during the administration of Governor David. H. Goodell.

In 1899 Frank was appointed revenue inspector for the Cherokee Nation in Indian Territory and was later appointed a special agent for the Interior Department to formulate a system of public schools in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) and across the Southwest. In 1905, he was appointed special agent, by President Roosevelt, to investigate the condition of the school & reindeer service and other affairs in Alaska and was reappointed Indian Inspector between 1905-1909. In 1909, Churchill resigned due to failing health and died November 5, 1912. Clara accompanied Frank on all his travels between 1899 and 1909 (see below chronology for full details) maintaining journals and writing articles for publication in "WHAT." Clara was also a painter, producing watercolors and hand-painting many of the photographs she and Frank made on their travels. Following Frank's death, Clara maintained their collection of Native artifacts and photographs in their home in Lebanon, New Hampshire. Clara died April 16, 1945, bequeathing the full collection to Dartmouth College.
Frank Churchill's assignments as Special agent and Indian Inspector from 1899-1909 took him all over the United States including Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma), Missouri, Texas, Nebraska, Kansas, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, California, Florida, North Carolina and Alaska. During this time the Churchills visited over 80 different Native communities. For more details, see the chronology below.

Travels in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) and other assignments, 1899-1903

1899, June 29 -- Churchills arrive in Muskogee, Indian Territory (Oklahoma).

1899, July-October -- Visit to Fort Gibson, Tahlequah, Sallisaw, and Vinita (Indian Territory/Oklahoma). Visit to Noel and South west City, Missouri. Visit to Chelsea and Coffeyville, Kansas. Visit to Fort Smith, Arkansas.

1899, November -- Visit Tahlequah while the Cherokee Nation legislature was in session.

1899, December -- Travel in Colorado.

1900, March -- Return to Muskogee and Fort Gibson.

1900, Sept 17-Oct 5 -- Dawes Commission in Vinita.

1901, Mar-Apr 3 -- Visit to the Quapaw Agency, Wyandotte Reservation and school, Modoc reservation and the town of Miami.

1901, April -- Visit to Denison, Texas. Visit to Checotah, Eufaula, South McAlester (Choctaw nation).

1901, Summer -- Visit to Pawhuska, Osage Nation.

1901, October -- Visit to Tishomingo, seat of government of the Chickasaws.

1902, January -- Trip to the Chickasaw Nation Visit to Anadarko, Indian Agency of the Kiowa, Comanche and Apache, Fort Sill, Wichita Mountains, and Lawton.

1902, May -- Frank is dispatched to Sioux City, Iowa.

1902, May-June -- Visit to Winnebago Agency, Omaha Agency, Santee Agency.

1902, July -- Visit to St. Paul, Minnesota and Eau Claire, Wisconsin, (Chippewa Falls). Frank is sent to Sulphur Springs, Texas, to author a report.

1902, August -- Churchills return to Muskogee, IT.

1902, September-October -- Trip to White Eagle, Ponca Agency for a month. Visit to Otoe school, Pawnee School, Shawnee, Sac and Fox reservations.

1902, November-December -- Visit to Crow Creek Agency.

1903, January -- Return to Sulpher Springs, Texas.

1903, March -- Visit to Pawhuska, Osage Nation.

1903, April -- Visit to Colorado.

1903, May-October -- Visit to 23 towns in Oklahoma (IT) with the Secretary of the Interior.

Travels in New Mexico, Arizona and California, 1903-1905

1903, November -- Frank receives orders to proceed to Zuni Pueblo, New Mexico.

1903, December 9 -- Visit to Zuni, followed by Canyon de Chelly, Hubbell's Ranch, Keams Canyon.

1903, December 21 -- Visit to Hopi Pueblo. Walpi, Polacca Day School, Oraibi, Shumopavi (Shungopavi/Songoopavi), Shipaulovi (Supawlavi) and Mishongnovi (Musungnuvi).

1903, December 28 -- Visit to Fort Defiance.

1904, January -- Travel in New Mexico. Visit to Gallup, Laguna Pueblo, Acomita, Paraje, Acoma, Albuquerque, Isleta Pueblo, Santa Fe, Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo), K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo).

1904, February -- Visit to Sacaton, Akimel O'odham (Pima) Reservation and Casa Grande ruins in Arizona.

1904, March -- Visit to Lehi Day School, Salt River Day School, Phoenix Indian School, Gila River Crossing Day School and Maricopa Day School, Arizona.

1904, March 10-26 -- Visit to Fort Mojave and Chemehuevi.

1904, March 30-April -- Visit to Riverside, California, Sherman Institute and Perris School. Side trip to Yuma, Arizona.

1905, January-February -- Visit to Sulphur, IT.

1905, March -- Visit to Mescalero Apache Agency, San Carlos Apache Agency, Geronimo Settlement, Rice Station School at Talkalai.

1905, April 10-20 -- Return to Sherman Institute in Riverside, California. Visit to San Jacinto, Perris, Saboba, Cahuilla, San Manuella (Band of Mission Indians), Coachella, Torres Reservation, Martinez Reservation Day School, Cabazon Reservation, Protrero Reservation and Day School.

1905, April 22-May -- Visit to Temecula, Pechanga Day School, Pala Mission, Campo Reservation, Mission of San Luis Rey, Rincon Day School, Mesa Grande School, Santa Ysabel (Diegueno), Volcan Mountain Day School.

Travels in Alaska, 1905

1905, June -- Frank receives an assignment in Alaska.

1905, July -- Board the U.S. Revenue Cutter "Bear" in Nome. Visit to Reindeer Station in Teller, Cape Prince of Wales, Kotzebue Sound, Cape Thompson, Point Hope and Point Barrow.

1905, August -- Visit to Wainwright Inlet, return to Nome. Visit to Anvil Creek, Gologin (Golovin) Bay, St. Lawrence Island, Pribilof Islands (Seal Islands), St. George, Dutch Harbor and Unalaska.

1905, September -- Board the "Dora" anchored near Belkofski, Cold Bay, Karluk, Afgonak, and Kodiak. Stop in Homer, Seldovia and Seward. Visit to Sitka.

1905, September 28 -- Board the steamer "Georgia" to Juneau and Skagway via Hoonah.

1905, October -- Return to Lebanon, NH.

Travels in Arizona, New Mexico, Minnesota, Wisconsin, California and Utah, 1906-1907

1906, March-April -- Re-assigned to Southwest and arrive in Tucson, Arizona. Visit to San Xavier Mission, Tohono O'odham (Papago) reservation, Casa Grande, Sacaton, Maricopa, Gila Crossing, Salt River and Phoenix schools.

1906, May -- Return to New Mexico to visit Gallup and Zuni Day School.

1906, June -- Visit to St, Paul, Minnesota and the White Earth (Ojibwe) reservation and Wild Rice River School in Boliere.

1906, July -- Visit to Ashland, Wisconsin, Lac Courte Oreilles, Hayward, and Lac de Flambeau (La Pointe Agency.

1906, July-September -- Return to Lebanon, New Hampshire.

1906, September -- Visit to Fond du Lac (Winnebago Lake), Wabeno, and Carter, Wisconsin.

1906, October -- Visit to Phlox, Wausau, Minocqua, Star Lake, Bark River and Wausaukee, Wisconsin.

1906, November-December -- Visit to Keshena (Green Bay Indian School), Menominee Reservation and Ashland, Wisconsin.

1906, December-January -- Stay in Washington, DC.

1907, February -- Return to Albuquerque, New Mexico.

1907, March -- Visit to Santa Fe and various Pueblos (Cochiti, Tesuque, San Ildefonso, Ohkay Owingeh [San Juan], Toas and Picuris).

1907, April -- Return to Albuquerque, visit to Pueblos (Isleta, Laguna, Mesita, Acomita, Paraje, Acoma, Seama).

1907, April -- Visit to Phoenix, Arizona (Phoenix Indian School), Fort McDowell and Salt River Day School.

1907, May -- Visit to Sacaton, Maricopa, Casa Grande, and Yuma, Arizona.

1907, June -- Visit to Riverside (Sherman Institute), and Pomona, California.

1907, June-July -- Travel to Salt Lake City, Utah. Visit Panguitch, Orton, Kanab, Escalante and Marysvale, Utah.

1907, July-August -- Return to Arizona. Visit Flagstaff, Tuba Indian School, as well as Hopi Pueblo (Walpi, Moencopi, and Oraibi).

1907, September-October -- Return to Lebanon, NH.

Travels in North Carolina, Montana and Florida, 1907-1909

1907, October 22 -- Assigned to Cherokee, North Carolina, to make a new roll of the Eastern Band of Cherokee.

1907, November -- Arrive in Cherokee, North Caolina.

1908, February -- Visit to Robbinsville and Big Cove

1908, April -- Cherokee council meeting regarding Churchill's new roll.

1908, May -- Completes assignment in North Carolina.

1908, June-September -- Return to Washington, DC and Lebanon, New Hampshire.

1908, September-October -- Trip to Montana. Visit to Browning, Blackfeet Reservation, Harlem, Fort Belknap and Fort Peck.

1908, November -- Visit to Spirit Lake (Devil's Lake) and Wahpeton, and Fort Totten, North Dakota.

1908, December -- Visit to Morris, Minnesota.

1909, January -- Trip to Washington, DC for the inauguration of President Taft.

1909, February -- Visit to Carlisle, Pennsylvania.

1909, March-April -- Trip to Florida. Visit to Miami, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Tampa Bay, St. Petersburg, Gainesville, and St. Augustine.

1909, May -- Visit to Soco Creek and Cherokee, North Carolina.

1909, July -- Return to Lebanon, New Hampshire.

1909, August -- Resignation as Indian Inspector.
Related Materials:
A large collection of Native American cultural objects and archaeology bequeathed by Clara Churchill can still be found at the Hood Museum at Dartmouth College.
Provenance:
Frederick Dockstader, former director of the Museum of the American Indian (MAI), Heye Foundation, illegally removed the majority of the photographs (photo albums, negatives) and manuscript material (journals, reports) from the Hood Museum of Art at Dartmouth College in 1955, before depositing them at the MAI. Those materials were officially gifted to NMAI in 2018 by the Hood Museum. Additional materials from the Churchill collection that remained at the Hood Museum (lantern slides, photographs, scrapbooks, journals) were donated in 2020. These materials have been noted in the finding aid.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Boarding schools  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Photographic prints
Photograph albums
Negatives (photographic)
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection, NMAI.AC.058, National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.058
See more items in:
Frank C. and Clara G. Churchill collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv45e31a2d8-afd7-4320-96c7-1f596f51c142
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-058
Online Media:

Shepherdia argentea (Pursh) Nutt.

Biogeographical Region:
74 - North-Central U.S.A.  Search this
Collector:
F. Clements  Search this
Place:
Northeastern Nebraska, Ponca., Nebraska, United States, North America
Collection Date:
14 Jun 1893
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Rosales Elaeagnaceae
Published Name:
Shepherdia argentea (Pursh) Nutt.
Lepargyrea argentea (Pursh) Greene
Barcode:
03034848
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3d4c5d28a-edf5-428e-850f-1ebdaa6bd71e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_14390030

Beaded Vest

Collector:
Ruth D. Lionberger  Search this
Donor Name:
Hawthorne Daniel  Search this
Culture:
Sioux (Oceti Sakowin)  Search this
Object Type:
Vest
Place:
Norfolk, Near / Omaha, Near, Madison County / Douglas County, Nebraska, United States, North America
Accession Date:
17 Nov 1980
Collection Date:
Ca. 1880
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
343158
USNM Number:
E421359-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/35c0c3923-d36c-4f13-a1c4-9845090e2999
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8454079
Online Media:

Legging

Collector:
Ruth D. Lionberger  Search this
Donor Name:
Hawthorne Daniel  Search this
Culture:
Sioux (Oceti Sakowin)  Search this
Object Type:
Legging
Place:
Norfolk, Near / Omaha, Near, Madison County / Douglas County, Nebraska, United States, North America
Accession Date:
17 Nov 1980
Collection Date:
Ca. 1880
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
343158
USNM Number:
E421360-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/33dee9236-2ff5-443f-956f-84a04a85ee80
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8454081
Online Media:

Pipe-Pouch

Collector:
Ruth D. Lionberger  Search this
Donor Name:
Hawthorne Daniel  Search this
Culture:
Sioux (Oceti Sakowin)  Search this
Object Type:
Pipe Bag
Place:
Norfolk, Near / Omaha, Near, Madison County / Douglas County, Nebraska, United States, North America
Accession Date:
17 Nov 1980
Collection Date:
Ca. 1880
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
343158
USNM Number:
E421361-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3f456461e-0ab2-4dc2-b3e4-89a9dc9b49b3
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8454082
Online Media:

Pipe-Pouch

Collector:
Ruth D. Lionberger  Search this
Donor Name:
Hawthorne Daniel  Search this
Culture:
Sioux (Oceti Sakowin)  Search this
Object Type:
Pipe Bag
Place:
Norfolk, Near / Omaha, Near, Madison County / Douglas County, Nebraska, United States, North America
Accession Date:
17 Nov 1980
Collection Date:
Ca. 1880
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
343158
USNM Number:
E421362-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3d9e9f853-4784-45a2-a476-b603e677999d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8454083
Online Media:

Stone Club

Collector:
Ruth D. Lionberger  Search this
Donor Name:
Hawthorne Daniel  Search this
Culture:
Sioux (Oceti Sakowin)  Search this
Object Type:
Club
Place:
Norfolk, Near / Omaha, Near, Madison County / Douglas County, Nebraska, United States, North America
Accession Date:
17 Nov 1980
Collection Date:
Ca. 1880
Topic:
Ethnology  Search this
Accession Number:
343158
USNM Number:
E421363-0
See more items in:
Anthropology
Data Source:
NMNH - Anthropology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3c51ba609-acd6-44a3-89d1-5e09beb84db7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhanthropology_8454084
Online Media:

Writings: "Let's Go to the Elmira Soaring Meet", US Air Service

Collection Creator:
Junkin, Hattie Meyers, 1896-1985  Search this
Container:
Box 4, Folder 16
Type:
Archival materials
Text
Date:
1931-08
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
See more items in:
Hattie Meyers Junkin Papers
Hattie Meyers Junkin Papers / Series 3: General materials of Hattie Meyers Junkin
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pg2b364c559-f50f-444e-bd6a-42839bad15dc
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0171-ref129
2 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Writings:
  • View Writings:

Ponca Peyote Leaders (33)

Collection Creator:
La Barre, Weston, 1911-1996  Search this
Container:
Box 12
Type:
Archival materials
Negatives
Collection Restrictions:
Some of the materials in the collection are covered by copyright as of April 1976.

Access to the Raoul Weston La Barre papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
The Raoul Weston La Barre papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Raoul Weston La Barre papers
Raoul Weston La Barre papers / Series 4: Photographs / Kiowa - Peyote / People - Indian, identified (neg)
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw39bd496ce-b21a-4089-b6d1-73dda656c41b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-1976-057-ref246

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By