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Gertrude Kasle Gallery records

Creator:
Gertrude Kasle Gallery (Detroit, Mich.)  Search this
Names:
Universal Limited Art Editions (Firm)  Search this
Bontecou, Lee, 1931-  Search this
De Kooning, Willem, 1904-1997  Search this
Dine, Jim, 1935-  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen, 1928-2011  Search this
Goodman, Brenda Joyce, 1943-  Search this
Goodnough, Robert, 1917-  Search this
Goodyear, John L., 1930-  Search this
Gottlieb, Adolph, 1903-1974  Search this
Grosman, Tatyana, 1904-1982  Search this
Guston, Philip, 1913-1980  Search this
Hartigan, Grace  Search this
Jenkins, Paul, 1923-2012  Search this
Johnson, Ray, 1927-  Search this
Kasle, Gertrude, 1917-  Search this
Motherwell, Robert  Search this
Natkin, Robert, 1930-  Search this
Nesbitt, Lowell, 1933-1993  Search this
Oldenburg, Claes, 1929-  Search this
Pollock, Charles C.  Search this
Rauschenberg, Robert, 1925-2008  Search this
Schmidt, Julius, 1923-  Search this
Shapiro, Babe  Search this
Tall, Bill  Search this
Todd, Mike, 1935-  Search this
Tworkov, Jack  Search this
Extent:
8.1 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Photographs
Sound recordings
Date:
1949-1999
bulk 1964-1983
Summary:
The records of the Gertrude Kasle Gallery of Detroit measure 8.1 linear feet and date from 1949-1999, with the bulk of records dating from 1964-1983. The collection documents the establishment and operations of this contemporary American art gallery and consists of artists files, business and administrative files, exhibition files, photographic materials, and interviews and lectures in the form of sound recordings.
Scope and Content Note:
The records of the Gertrude Kasle Gallery of Detroit measure 8.1 linear feet and date from 1949-1999, with the bulk of the records dating from 1964-1983. The collection documents the establishment and operations of this contemporary American art gallery and consists of artists files, business and administrative files, exhibition files, photographic materials, and interviews and lectures in the form of sound recordings.

The bulk of the records consist of Artists' Files that document the professional and personal relationships Kasle fostered with the artists represented by the gallery, including sales and exhibitions. The files contain a wide variety of materials and the amount of documentation for each artist also varies. Typically the files contain personal and business correspondence, sales documentation, exhibition photographs, photographs of works of art, family photographs, photographs of the artist, exhibition announcements and catalogs, other printed materials, greeting cards, and other documents. Some of the artists well-represented in the files include Lee Bontecou, Wilhem De Kooning, Jim Dine, Helen Frankenthaler, Brenda Goodman, Robert Goodnaugh, John Goodyear, Adolph Gottlieb, Philip Guston, Grace Hartigan, Ray Johnson, Robert Motherwell, Robert Natkin, Lowell Nesbitt, Claes Oldenburg, Charles Pollock, Robert Rauschenberg, Julius Schmidt, Babe Shapiro, Michael Todd, and Jack Tworkov. Additional general information about exhibitions is found in Series 3, Exhibition Files and additional photographs are filed in Series 4, Photographic Material.

Gallery and personal business and administrative files house documents relating to the founding and incorporation of the gallery and general operations, as well as some of Gertrude Kasle personal business files. Also found in this series are files related to fine art prints and the gallery's business relationship with Universal Limited Art Editions.

Scattered exhibition files are found for a few of the gallery's exhibitions and also include general exhibition related files, such as clippings, announcements, guest lists, and schedules. Most of the information about the gallery's exhibitions is found in the Artists Files. Photographs and slides are found throughout the collection, particularly in the Artists Files, but Series 4, Photographic Materials houses an extensive collection of slides documenting art work by artists represented by the gallery. There is also an autographed photograph portrait of Lowell Nesbitt.

Sound recordings are of interviews and lectures. Interviews are with Tatyana Grosman, Lowell Nesbitt, Paul Jenkins, and Bill Tall. There are recorded lectures by Paul Jenkins and Jack Tworkov. The sound recordings are on both audio cassette reel to reel tapes. Transcripts are not available.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 5 series:

Series 1: Artists Files, 1949-1999 (Boxes 1-5, OV 11; 5.1 linear feet)

Series 2: Gallery and Personal Business and Administrative Files, 1961-1995 (Boxes 6-7, OV 12; 1.2 linear feet)

Series 3: Exhibition Files, 1963-1976 (Box 7; 7 folders)

Series 4: Photographic Materials, 1953-1985 (Boxes 7, 10; 18 folders)

Series 5: Sound Recordings, 1966-1971 (Boxes 7-9; 7 folders)
Historical Note:
Gertrude Kasle was born in New York City on December 2, 1917, and began her life-long career in the art world very early, taking art classes in high school and Saturday classes at the Art Students League. She began her formal studies in art education at New York University (NYU) and later transfered to the University of Michigan. Kasle interrupted her studies during World War II to devote herself to family work while her husband served as a military chaplain. The family returned to Detroit in 1947 and she began classes at the Society of Arts and Crafts. After raising her three children, she enrolled in Wayne State University in 1955, completing her degree in 1962.

While a student in Detroit, Kasle was active in the Friends of Modern Art group at the Detroit Institute of Art, and became Vice President. In 1962, she was approached by Detroit businessman Franklin Siden to help him open a gallery where she would have a one-third partnership. During the first year of Siden Gallery's operations, Kasle introduced Detroit to the work of many notable contemporay American artists, such as Larry Rivers, Grace Hartigan, Robert Goodnough, and Robert Natkin.

Her tenure with the Siden Gallery was short-lived and by 1964 she left and began to contemplate her next move. Several of the artists she had represented at Siden Gallery encouraged her to open her own gallery. Local art critic Joy Hakanson Colby who worked for the Detroit News interviewed Kasle and claimed that Kasle was "looking for gallery space". Responding to the article, the Fischer Building offered Kasle a very attractive lease in the "New Center" area of downtown Detroit that would later become known as the city's gallery center, housing several prominent galleries.

With the help of her husband and son, she opened the doors of the Gertrude Kasle Gallery on April 10, 1965. The opening exhibition featured Larry Rivers, Grace Hartigan, Robert Goodnough, Irving Kreisberg, and Manousher Yektai. Kasle's goal was to introduce the city of Detroit to the foremost contemporary artists in the country, some already well-established such as Wilhelm De Kooning, Helen Frankenthaler, Philip Guston, Grace Hartigan, Robert Motherwell, Lowell Nesbitt, Claes Oldenburg, Charles Pollock, Larry Rivers, and Jack Tworkov, as well as others just becoming known, such as Jim Dine. Through group and one-man shows, the Gertrude Kasle Gallery represented contemporary painting, mixed media, and sculpture, focusing primarily on the Abstract Expressionist movement. The gallery also fostered many local Detroit artists, giving them their first shows, including Al Loving and Brenda Goodman.

During her earlier tenure with the Siden Gallery Kasle had worked with Tatyana Grosman of Universal Limited Art Editions which produced original prints of contemporary artists including Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, and Jim Dine. In her own gallery, Kasle continued her business relationship with Grosman and fine art print publishers, allowing the gallery access to many artists that were previously unattainable.

For eleven years the Gertrude Kasle Gallery operated as a thriving contemporary art gallery, forming the nucleus for the growing Detroit modern and avant garde art scene during the sixties and seventies. Although financially the gallery was not as successful as hoped, it provided a cultural forum for artists and Detroit art enthusiasts to convene, learn, and celebrate. In April, 1976 the gallery closed. When asked why she was closing the gallery, Gertrude Kasle said, "Because the need for a gallery like mine isn't as great as it was in the 1960's. Today the public respects and understands more about creative innovation in contemporary art." (Hakanson Colby, March, 1976) Although the gallery formally closed, Kasle continues to work as a art consultant and live in Detroit.

This historical note relies heavily on the essays written by Gertrude Kasle's son, Stephen available on the Gertrude Kasle Gallery website.
Related Material:
Also available at the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview with Gertrude Kasle conducted by Dennis Barrie on July 24, 1975.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the Archives of American Art in 1976 and 1982 by Mrs. Gertrude Kasle. A third accession was donated by the Cincinnati Art Museum in 2002.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Art, Modern -- 20th century  Search this
Function:
Art galleries, Commercial -- Michigan
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Photographs
Sound recordings
Citation:
The Gertrude Kasle Gallery records, 1949-1999 (bulk 1964-1983). Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.gertkasl
See more items in:
Gertrude Kasle Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-gertkasl
Online Media:

Gertrude Kasle Gallery records, 1949-1999, bulk 1964-1983

Creator:
Gertrude Kasle Gallery  Search this
Gertrude Kasle Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Bontecou, Lee  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen  Search this
Shapiro, Babe  Search this
Tall, Bill  Search this
Rauschenberg, Robert  Search this
Schmidt, Julius  Search this
Oldenburg, Claes  Search this
Pollock, Charles C.  Search this
Natkin, Robert  Search this
Guston, Philip  Search this
Todd, Mike  Search this
Tworkov, Jack  Search this
Goodyear, John L.  Search this
Goodnough, Robert  Search this
Nesbitt, Lowell  Search this
Goodman, Brenda Joyce  Search this
Dine, Jim  Search this
De Kooning, Willem  Search this
Motherwell, Robert  Search this
Kasle, Gertrude  Search this
Johnson, Ray  Search this
Jenkins, Paul  Search this
Hartigan, Grace  Search this
Grosman, Tatyana  Search this
Gottlieb, Adolph  Search this
Universal Limited Art Editions (Firm)  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Photographs
Sound recordings
Topic:
Art, Modern -- 20th century  Search this
Theme:
Art Market  Search this
Art Gallery Records  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5704
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208540
AAA_collcode_gertkasl
Theme:
Art Market
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208540
Online Media:

Charles C. Pollock chronology of his life from 1926-1942

Creator:
Pollock, Charles C. (Charles Cecil), 1902-1988  Search this
Pollock, Charles C. (Charles Cecil), 1902-1988  Search this
Subject:
Pollock, Charles C. (Charles Cecil)  Search this
Pollock, Elizabeth Feinberg  Search this
Pollock, Frank  Search this
Pollock, Jackson  Search this
Pollock, Sanford L.  Search this
Type:
Writings
Date:
compiled 1975
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)17591
See more items in:
Charles Pollock papers, 1875-1994
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_17591
Online Media:

Charles Pollock

Subject:
Pollock, Charles C. (Charles Cecil)  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
193-?
Topic:
Artists at or with their work  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)17592
See more items in:
Charles Pollock papers, 1875-1994
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_17592
Online Media:

Pollock family eating watermelon in Arizona

Subject:
Pollock, Charles C. (Charles Cecil)  Search this
Pollock, Frank  Search this
Pollock, Jackson  Search this
Pollock, Jay  Search this
Pollock, LeRoy  Search this
Pollock, Sanford L.  Search this
Pollock, Stella  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
circa 1914
Topic:
Families  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)3853
See more items in:
Jackson Pollock and Lee Krasner papers, circa 1914-1984, bulk 1942-1984
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_3853
Online Media:

Charles Pollock

Subject:
Pollock, Charles C. (Charles Cecil)  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Date:
1940
Topic:
Artists at or with their work  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)6377
See more items in:
Charles Pollock papers, 1875-1994
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_6377

Jackson Pollock, Charles Pollock, and Manuel Tolegian

Subject:
Pollock, Charles C. (Charles Cecil)  Search this
Pollock, Jackson  Search this
Tolegian, Manuel J. (Manuel Jerair)  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
New York, N.Y.
Date:
1930
Topic:
Artists in groups  Search this
Painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)7090
See more items in:
Charles Pollock papers, 1875-1994
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_7090
Online Media:

Jackson Pollock and Charles Pollock in New York

Subject:
Pollock, Charles C. (Charles Cecil)  Search this
Pollock, Jackson  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Place:
New York, N.Y.
Date:
1930
Topic:
Artists in groups  Search this
Painters  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)7091
See more items in:
Charles Pollock papers, 1875-1994
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_7091

Charles Pollock papers, 1875-1994

Creator:
Pollock, Charles C. (Charles Cecil), 1902-1988  Search this
Pollock, Charles C. (Charles Cecil), 1902-1988  Search this
Subject:
Pollock, Jackson  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Sketches
Cartoons (humorous images)
Topic:
Muralists -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Expatriate painters -- France -- Paris  Search this
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks  Search this
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8942
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211128
AAA_collcode_pollchar
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211128
Online Media:

Jackson Pollock and Lee Krasner papers, circa 1914-1984, bulk 1942-1984

Creator:
Pollock, Jackson, 1912-1956  Search this
Krasner, Lee, 1908-1984  Search this
Pollock, Jackson, 1912-1956  Search this
Subject:
Greenberg, Clement  Search this
Cavaliere, Barbara  Search this
Davis, Bill  Search this
De Kooning, Willem  Search this
Dehner, Dorothy  Search this
Pollock, Jackson  Search this
Eames, Ray  Search this
Forge, Andrew  Search this
Friedman, B. H. (Bernard Harper)  Search this
Glaser, Jane R.  Search this
Benton, Thomas Hart  Search this
Brooks, James  Search this
Burkhardt, Rudy  Search this
Rouche, Burton  Search this
Rose, Barbara  Search this
Namuth, Hans  Search this
Motherwell, Robert  Search this
Pollock, Charles C.  Search this
Ossorio, Alfonso  Search this
Zogbaum, Wilfrid  Search this
Wright, William  Search this
Still, Clyfford  Search this
Smith, Tony  Search this
Wasserman, Tamara E.  Search this
Valliere, James  Search this
Isaacs, Reginald R.  Search this
Janis, Sidney  Search this
Johnson, Philip  Search this
Kadish, Reuben  Search this
Gray, Cleve  Search this
Gruen, John  Search this
Holmes, Doloris  Search this
Matter, Mercedes  Search this
McCoy, Sanford, Mrs.  Search this
Miller, Daniel  Search this
Miller, Robert  Search this
Maddox, Charles  Search this
Betty Parsons Gallery  Search this
Martha Jackson Gallery  Search this
Type:
Motion pictures (visual works)
Video recordings
Photographs
Interviews
Sound recordings
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Transcripts
Topic:
Art -- Economic aspects  Search this
Abstract expressionism  Search this
Theme:
Art Movements and Schools  Search this
Women  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8943
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211129
AAA_collcode_polljack
Theme:
Art Movements and Schools
Women
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211129
Online Media:

Edward Dugmore papers, 1937-1993

Creator:
Dugmore, Edward, 1915-1996  Search this
Dugmore, Edward, 1915-1996  Search this
Subject:
Day, Lucien B.  Search this
Cherry, Herman  Search this
Crehan, Hubert  Search this
Grillo, John  Search this
Hultberg, John  Search this
Drexler, Rosalyn  Search this
McChesney, Mary Fuller  Search this
Morris, Kyle  Search this
Kadish, Reuben  Search this
Kaldis, Aristodimos  Search this
Pollock, Charles C.  Search this
Voulkos, Peter  Search this
Pace, Pam  Search this
Pace, Stephen  Search this
Weber, Hugo  Search this
Still, Clyfford  Search this
Copley, Alfred L.  Search this
Briggs, Ernest  Search this
Harris, Harvey  Search this
Brandt, Warren  Search this
Arnold, Anne  Search this
Abend, George  Search this
Drake University  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Topic:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)5857
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208697
AAA_collcode_dugmedwa
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208697
Online Media:

Michigan Art and Craft Project records, 1940-1942

Creator:
Michigan Art and Craft Proj, Michigan Art and Craft Project  Search this
Michigan Art and Craft Proj, Michigan Art and Craft Project  Search this
Subject:
Beerbohm, Marvin  Search this
Bergy, Grace  Search this
Calder, Clivia  Search this
Casava, Frank  Search this
Cashwan, Samuel  Search this
Fredenthal, David  Search this
Pollock, Charles C.  Search this
Speck, Walter  Search this
Yaeger, Edgar L.  Search this
Michigan Art and Craft Project  Search this
Federal Art Project (Mich.)  Search this
United States. Work Projects Administration  Search this
Michigan Art and Craft Project  Search this
United States. Works Progress Administration  Search this
Topic:
New Deal, 1933-1939 -- Michigan  Search this
Federal aid to the arts -- Michigan  Search this
Federal aid to the public welfare -- Michigan  Search this
Art and state -- Michigan  Search this
Handicraft -- Michigan  Search this
Mural painting and decoration, American  Search this
Decorative arts  Search this
Theme:
Government Sponsorship of the Arts  Search this
Craft  Search this
New Deal  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9801
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212239
AAA_collcode_michart
Theme:
Government Sponsorship of the Arts
Craft
New Deal
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212239

Reuben Kadish papers, 1851-1995, bulk 1913-1995

Creator:
Kadish, Reuben, 1913-1992  Search this
Kadish, Reuben, 1913-1992  Search this
Subject:
Tully, Judd  Search this
Siqueiros, David Alfaro  Search this
Pollock, Jackson  Search this
Pollock, Charles C.  Search this
O'Keeffe, Georgia  Search this
Guston, Philip  Search this
Ashton, Dore  Search this
Cherry, Herman  Search this
Conant, Howard  Search this
De Kooning, Willem  Search this
Hiler, Hilaire  Search this
Langsner, Jules  Search this
Neininger, Urban  Search this
Type:
Drawings
Photographs
Topic:
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Muralists -- California  Search this
Sculptors -- California  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6128
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)216343
AAA_collcode_kadireub
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_216343
Online Media:

Giorgio Cavallon papers, 1910-1982

Creator:
Cavallon, Giorgio, 1904-1989  Search this
Cavallon, Giorgio, 1904-1989  Search this
Subject:
Bolotowsky, Ilya  Search this
Hawthorne, Charles Webster  Search this
Holesch, Carlo  Search this
Lassaw, Ibram  Search this
Lindeberg, Linda  Search this
Pollock, Charles C.  Search this
Pollock, Sylvia Winter  Search this
Hofer, Evelyn  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Audio - Visual  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7358
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209513
AAA_collcode_cavagior
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Audio - Visual
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209513

Artists' Equity Association - Printed Material

Collection Creator:
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo, 1889-1953  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1949-2002
Collection Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Researchers interested in accessing audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Contact References Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Yasuo Kuniyoshi papers, 1906-2016, bulk 1920-1990. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Yasuo Kuniyoshi papers
Yasuo Kuniyoshi papers / Series 4: Organization Records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-kuniyasu-ref1185
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Jackson Pollock and Lee Krasner papers

Creator:
Pollock, Jackson, 1912-1956  Search this
Krasner, Lee, 1908-1984  Search this
Names:
Betty Parsons Gallery  Search this
Martha Jackson Gallery  Search this
Benton, Thomas Hart, 1889-1975  Search this
Brooks, James, 1906-1992  Search this
Burkhardt, Rudy  Search this
Cavaliere, Barbara  Search this
Davis, Bill  Search this
De Kooning, Willem, 1904-1997  Search this
Dehner, Dorothy, 1901-1994  Search this
Eames, Ray  Search this
Forge, Andrew  Search this
Friedman, B. H. (Bernard Harper), 1926-  Search this
Glaser, Jane R.  Search this
Gray, Cleve  Search this
Greenberg, Clement, 1909-1994  Search this
Gruen, John  Search this
Holmes, Doloris  Search this
Isaacs, Reginald R., 1911-  Search this
Janis, Sidney, 1896-1989  Search this
Johnson, Philip, 1906-2005  Search this
Kadish, Reuben, 1913-1992  Search this
Maddox, Charles  Search this
Matter, Mercedes  Search this
McCoy, Sanford, Mrs.  Search this
Miller, Daniel  Search this
Miller, Robert, 1932 Apr. 17-  Search this
Motherwell, Robert  Search this
Namuth, Hans  Search this
Ossorio, Alfonso, 1916-1990  Search this
Pollock, Charles C.  Search this
Pollock, Jackson, 1912-1956 -- Photographs  Search this
Rose, Barbara  Search this
Rouche, Burton  Search this
Smith, Tony, 1912-  Search this
Still, Clyfford, 1904-  Search this
Valliere, James  Search this
Wasserman, Tamara E.  Search this
Wright, William  Search this
Zogbaum, Wilfrid, 1915-1965  Search this
Extent:
16.1 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Motion pictures (visual works)
Video recordings
Photographs
Interviews
Sound recordings
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Transcripts
Date:
circa 1914-1984
bulk 1942-1984
Summary:
The papers of abstract expressionist painters Jackson Pollock and wife Lee Krasner measure 16.1 linear feet and date from circa 1914 to 1984, with the bulk of the material dating from 1942 to 1984. The collection documents their personal and professional lives, as well as the legacy of Jackson Pollock's work after his death. Found are biographical material, correspondence, writings by Krasner and others, research material, business and financial records, printed material, scrapbooks, artwork by others, photographs, interview transcripts, audio and video recordings, and motion picture film.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of abstract expressionist painters Jackson Pollock and wife Lee Krasner measure 16.1 linear feet and date from circa 1914 to 1984, with the bulk of the material dating from 1942 to 1984. The collection documents their personal and professional lives, as well as the legacy of Jackson Pollock's work after his death. Found are biographical material, correspondence, writings by Krasner and others, research material, business and financial records, printed material, scrapbooks, artwork by others, photographs, interview transcripts, audio and video recordings, and motion picture film.

The collection is divided into two series, the first of which focuses on Pollock and includes his scattered papers dating from circa 1914 to his death in 1956, as well as Krasner's papers dating from his death to 1984 about managing Pollock's legacy. This series includes biographical materials, including transcripts and audio recordings of an interview with William Wright in 1949; Pollock's and Krasner's correspondence with Thomas Hart Benton, Betty Parsons Gallery, Bill Davis, B. H. Friedman, Reginald Isaacs, Sidney Janis, Violet De Lazlo, Martha Jackson Gallery, Alfonso Ossorio, Tony Smith, and Clyfford Still, and with one another; Krasner's correspondence concerning Pollock's estate and artwork after his death; numerous writings about Pollock, including an original draft of Bryan Robertson's biography and an essay by Clement Greenberg.

James Valliere extensive research files on Pollock for a never-published biography were given to Krasner and filed in Series 1. These include scattered correspondence with Lee Krasner, and Pollock's family and friends, including Charles Pollock, Thomas Hart Benton, and Robert Motherwell. There are also transcripts of interviews Valliere conducted with Pollock's friends and colleagues, including James Brooks, Dorothy Dehner, Clement Greenberg, Reuben Kadish, Lee Krasner, Charles Maddox, Mrs. Sanford McCoy, Daniel T. Miller, Robert Miller, and Tony Smith. The original audio reels and duplicates exist for many and are filed here. Additional interviews were conducted with Willem de Kooning, Alfonso Ossorio, and Burton Rouche, but not transcribed - these are filed in Series 1.10, Audio Recordings and Motion Picture Film.

Also found in Series 1 are scattered business records documenting Krasner's handling of Pollock's estate and legacy; printed materials relating to Pollock, including published biographies, exhibition catalogs, and clippings; two scrapbooks; and a sketchbook by an unidentified artist. Numerous photographs of Pollock include childhood and family photographs, photographs of Pollock in his studio by Hans Namuth, Rudy Burckhardt, and Herbert Matter, photographs of Pollock with Lee Krasner, and exhibition photographs. Audio recordings and motion film in Series 1 include a 1964 16mm film about Pollock (VHS copies are available) and reel-to-reel recordings of untranscribed interviews of Pollock's friends and colleagues by James Valliere, including interviews with Willem de Kooning and Alfonso Ossorio. Additional transcribed interviews are filed in subseries 1.4.

Lee Krasner's papers documenting her own career are arranged in Series 2 and date from 1927-1984. Biographical materials include resumes and awards, school documents, family documentation, and exhibition lists. Her correspondence with artist friends and art colleagues is extensive and includes many letters from artists such as Philip Johnson, Ray Eames, Cleve Gray, and Hans Namuth. She also maintained correspondence with many art historians and critics, curators, gallery owners, collectors, arts-related and social organizations, admirers, and family members.

There are thirteen transcripts of interviews with Krasner by Bruce Glaser, Barbara Cavaliere, Andrew Forge, Emily Wasserman, Barbara Rose, and others. The original audio recordings for these transcripts are filed in series 2.10, along with other audio recordings for which there are no transcripts, including interviews by John Gruen, Delores Holmes, Mercedes Matter, the Martha Dean Radio Show, NBC Today Show, and WQXR radio. There are also audio recordings of Krasner's lectures in series 2.10.

Krasner's papers also include writings and reminiscences by Krasner; writings about Krasner; printed materials such as exhibition catalogs and clippings; and one scrapbook containing clippings and photographs. Numerous photographs are of Krasner, including portrait photographs taken by Hans Namuth; of Krasner with Jackson Pollock and family and friends, and of her exhibitions and artwork.

Users should note that Pollock's and Krasner's papers contain similar types of material that often overlap in subject matter, especially among the correspondence and photographs.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 2 series:

Series 1: Jackson Pollock papers and Lee Krasner papers about Jackson Pollock, circa 1914-1984 (Box 1-7, 16, OV 18, FC 19-22; 7.4 linear feet)

Series 2: Lee Krasner papers, circa 1927-1984 (Box 7-15, 17; 8.6 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Jackson Pollock was born in 1912, in Cody, Wyoming, the youngest of five sons. His family moved several times during his childhood, finally settling in Los Angeles. In 1930 he joined his older brother, Charles, in New York City, and studied with Regionalist painter Thomas Hart Benton at the Art Students League of New York. Pollock worked during the 1930s for the Works Progress Administration's Federal Art Project. During 1936 he worked in artist David Alfaro Siqueiros's Experimental Workshop. In 1938 he began psychiatric treatment for alcoholism, and his artwork was greatly influenced by Jungian analysis and the exploration of unconscious symbolism.

In 1943 Pollock had his first one-man exhibition at Peggy Guggenheim's New York gallery, Art of this Century, and continued to exhibit there over the next several years. A major turning point in Pollock's life and art was in 1945 when he married fellow artist Lee Krasner and moved to East Hampton, Long Island. There he developed his mature painting style, and became famous for his abstract pouring technique on large canvases. The height of his creativity spanned from 1947 to 1952, and his work was promoted by art critic Clement Greenberg. Along with other abstract expressionists including Hans Hofmann, Alfonso Ossorio, and Barnett Newman, he joined the Betty Parsons Gallery in 1947. He had his most successful one-man show in 1950 which was widely publicized and praised. This exhibition, combined with a 1949 feature article in LIFE magazine, made Pollock an American celebrity.

In 1952 Pollock moved his work to Sidney Janis Gallery and returned to earlier motifs in a search for new breakthroughs. The last few years of his life he suffered from mental and physical health problems, and in August, 1956 he died in a car accident. His wife, Lee Krasner, oversaw his estate and worked with many museums, including the Museum of Modern Art, on Pollock retrospective exhibitions.

Lee Krasner was born Lenore Krassner in 1908 in Brooklyn, New York to Russian immigrant parents. In 1926 she was admitted to the Women's Art School of The Cooper Union, and in 1928 she attended the Art Students League. After graduating from The Cooper Union in 1929, she attended the National Academy of Design until 1932. After briefly attending City College and Greenwich House, she worked for the Public Works of Art Project and the Temporary Emergency Relief Administration, and finally became an assistant in 1935 on the WPA Federal Art Project, Mural Division. From 1937 to 1940 she studied at the Hans Hofmann School of Fine Arts and began exhibiting with the American Abstract Artists group.

In 1942 Krasner met Pollock as they were both preparing to exhibit work in the same show. Although they married and she became immersed in his career, she continued to exhibit her own work with other abstract artists and from 1946 to 1949 worked on the Little Image painting series. In 1953 she began working on collages, a medium she would come back to again later in her career. After Pollock's death her work was greatly influence by her sadness and anger, creating a visible evolution of her style.

For the rest of her career, Krasner consistently exhibited her work in both group and solo exhibitions. She had her first retrospective at Whitechapel Gallery, London, in 1965, and in 1966, she joined Marlborough Gallery, New York which represented Pollock's work as well. In the 1970s and early 1980s Krasner won many awards for her achievement in the visual arts, including the Augustus St. Gaudens Medal and the Chevalier de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres. She returned to the medium of collage, and in 1976 joined the Pace Gallery, New York. In 1981 she joined the Robert Miller Gallery, New York. Lee Krasner continued creating art until her death in 1984.
Related Material:
Found in the Archives of American Art are the Charles Pollock Papers, 1902-1990, which includes correspondence, photographs, and other files relating to his brother, Jackson Pollock. Other resources in the Archives are oral history interviews with Lee Krasner, including a series of interviews conducted by Dorothy Seckler between 1964 and 1968, and interviews conducted by Barbara Rose in 1966 and Doloris Holmes in 1972.
Provenance:
The papers of Jackson Pollock were donated in 1983 by Lee Krasner through Eugene V. Thaw shortly before her death. Additional material about Pollock and the papers of Lee Krasner were donated in 1985 by Eugene V. Thaw, executor of Lee Krasner's estate.
Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State)  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Economic aspects  Search this
Abstract expressionism  Search this
Genre/Form:
Motion pictures (visual works)
Video recordings
Photographs
Interviews
Sound recordings
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Transcripts
Citation:
Jackson Pollock and Lee Krasner papers, circa 1914-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.polljack
See more items in:
Jackson Pollock and Lee Krasner papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-polljack
Online Media:

Photographs of Charles Pollock and Family (#1-20)

Collection Creator:
Pollock, Charles C.  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1904-1937
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Charles Pollock papers, 1875-1994. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Charles Pollock papers
Charles Pollock papers / Series 7: Photographic Materials
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-pollchar-ref101

Photographs of Charles Pollock and Family (#21-48)

Collection Creator:
Pollock, Charles C.  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1938-1975
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Charles Pollock papers, 1875-1994. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Charles Pollock papers
Charles Pollock papers / Series 7: Photographic Materials
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-pollchar-ref102

Photographs of Charles Pollock and Family

Collection Creator:
Pollock, Charles C.  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 8-9
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1875-1960
Scope and Contents:
Oversized material housed in Box 4, Folder 1.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Charles Pollock papers, 1875-1994. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Charles Pollock papers
Charles Pollock papers / Series 7: Photographic Materials
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-pollchar-ref103

Photographs of Charles, Elizabeth F., and Jeremy Pollock

Collection Creator:
Pollock, Charles C.  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 10
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1930-1941
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Charles Pollock papers, 1875-1994. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Charles Pollock papers
Charles Pollock papers / Series 7: Photographic Materials
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-pollchar-ref104

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