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Superconducting Super Collider Collection

Creator:
Science, Medicine and Society, Division of (NMAH, SI).  Search this
Extent:
4 Cubic feet (8 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Bumper stickers
Videotapes
Photographs
Clippings
Handbills
Signs (declaratory or advertising artifacts)
Posters
Place:
Texas -- Environmental protection
Date:
1985-1992
bulk 1987-1989
Summary:
The collection was assembled by Museum curators and documents the efforts of persons in eight states to have the Superconducting Super Collider (SSC), a particle accelerator, built in their state. Also documents efforts in each state to oppose locating the SSC in their state. The collection contains correspondence, press kits, posters, signs, bumper stickers, leaflets, handbills, clippings, photographs, and a videotape.
Scope and Contents:
The collections contains materials documenting the efforts by persons in eight competing states to have the Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) built in their state, as well as efforts in each state to oppose locating the SSC within their state. The materials include correspondence, press kits, posters, signs, bumper stickers, leaflets, handbills, clippings, two photographs and one videotape.
Arrangement:
The collection is organized into nine series.

Series 1: Arizona (Ian MacPherson), 1988, undated

Subseries 1.1: Ian McPherson, 1988, undated

Series 2: Colorado (Uriel Nauenberg), 1987

Subseries 2.1: Uriel Nauenberg, 1987-1988

Series 3: Illinois, 1987-1991, undated

Subseries 3.1: Fermi National Laboratory Library/Paula Garrett, undated

Subseries 3.2: David L. Gross, 1988, undated

Subseries 3.3: Sharon Lough, 1988-1991

Subseries 3.4: Stan L. Yonkauski, undated

Series 4: Michigan, 1988-1989

Subseries 4.1: Larry Jones, 1988-1989

Series 5: New York, 1986-1990

Subseries 5.1: Gail Adair, 1987

Subseries 5.2: Mary Lou and Jim Alexander, 1986-1990

Subseries 5.3: Bill Herbert, 1987

Subseries 5.4: Doug McCuen, 1987-1988

Subseries 5.5: Brian L. Petty, 1987-1988

Series 6: North Carolina, 1987

Subseries 6.1: Bill Dunn, 1987

Series 7: Tennessee, 1987-1992

Subseries 7.1: Robert and Pat Sanders, 1987-1992

Subseries 7.2: J. Fred Weinhold, 1987

Series :, Texas, 1985-1990, undated

Subseries 8.1: Representative Joe Barton, undated

Subseries 8.2: Jean Caddel, 1986-1989

Subseries 8.3: Coby Chase, 1985-1989

Subseries 8.4: Red Oak Chamber of Commerce, 1990

Subseries 8.5: Waxahachie Chamber of Commerce, undated

Subseries 8.6: Mari Beth Williams, undated

Series 9: Miscellaneous, 1987-1988
Biographical / Historical:
The Superconducting Super Collider (SSC), if built, would have been the world's most expensive instrument for basic science. It would have allowed physicists to study the collisions of subatomic particles in conditions approximating those of the Big Bang, the beginning of the universe. The SSC design called for a 10-foot wide tunnel to be laid out in an oval pattern similar to a racetrack, approximately 53 miles in circumference and 14 miles in diameter. The tunnel, buried several hundred feet underground, would have contained nearly 10,000 superconducting magnets. Small clusters of buildings located above the tunnel were planned to house the SSC's offices, laboratories, and control facilities. All of these structures would have made the SSC the largest particle accelerator in the world and, at an estimated cost of between $4.4 and $11.8 billion, one of the largest public works projects ever undertaken in the United States.

Physicists planned to use the SSC's superconducting magnets to accelerate two streams of protons (particles with a positive electrical charge that forming part of the nucleus of an atom) to a velocity of 20 trillion electron-volts (TeV) in opposite directions within the tunnel's parallel beam tubes. They would then deflect the two streams into each other and study the particles that were created in the resulting high-speed collisions. From these events, physicists hoped to detect particles never seen before and learn more about the composition of matter.

In January 1987, President Reagan publicly declared his support for the proposed SSC, to be built under the authority of the Department of Energy (DOE). States were invited to submit site proposals for the project, and from the twenty-five states that responded, eight finalists were selected: Arizona, Colorado, Illinois, Michigan, New York, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Texas.

The huge scale of the SSC meant that it would have a significant environmental and cultural impact on the area selected. The SSC would, one source estimated, "require 16,000 acres of donated land, a flow of between 500 and 2,200 gallons of water a minute and up to 250-megawatts of power, as well as accessibility to a major airport, so the world's scientists can fly in and out."1

In many of the finalist states, opponents of the SSC organized and actively campaigned against the project. They raised issues such as the threat to uproot hundreds of people from their homes or create heavy tax and utility burdens. Opponents attended public hearings on SSC issues, distributed leaflets by mail and by hand, and conducted letter-writing campaigns to local politicians. In New York, Citizens Against the Collider Here (CATCH) was able to force the state to withdraw from the competition. Groups in other states learned from the New York group's experiences and used similar techniques in their own campaigns, sometimes adopting the name CATCH. As one CATCH activist recalled, "opponents were not against the SSC or basic sciences, however they did not believe that they should be forced out of their homes for the SSC."2

Supporters of the SSC, on the other hand, addressed the concerns of the citizens by writing editorials or distributing pamphlets responding to particular issues or questions. Prominent city officials and politicians traveled to the proposed sites to discuss the economic and scientific benefits of the SSC, and cities distributed bumper stickers supporting the project. Scientists rebuffed claims that the SSC would produce large amounts of deadly radioactivity and contaminate the entire area. Supporters promised that, "the SSC project would bring federal funding, international prestige, and jobs—starting with 4,500 construction jobs, and later 2,500 full-time research staff positions."3

In November 1988, the Department of Energy declared the winning site to be Ellis County, Texas, southwest of Dallas near the town of Waxahachie. Full-scale construction began three years later with the building of laboratory facilities for the design and manufacture of the SSC's superconducting magnets. Contractors began boring the main tunnel and several vertical access shafts in January 1993.

The anticipated tremendous costs that dogged the project eventually helped undermine it. In June 1992 and again in June 1993, the House voted to cancel funds for the SSC; both times, the Senate restored funding. However, in October 1993 the House rejected the Senate's second restoration, and President Clinton echoed Congress's decision to cancel further work on the SSC. The project received a small budget to support termination activities through 1996. Once the remaining projects were shut down and the scientists and staff dispersed, only several empty buildings in the rural Texas countryside, and fourteen miles of tunnel underneath it, remained of the once-ambitious facility.

At the National Museum of American History, planning for the Science in American Life exhibit—which would examine how science, technology, and American society have intersected over a hundred-year period—began in 1990, at the same time that preparations were being made in Texas to build the Super Collider. Early in the planning phases, Smithsonian curators decided to dedicate a section of the exhibit to the SSC. This section was intended to be a "work in progress" that would change over time as the collider was built, reflecting the current and ongoing debates over the massive machine.

The exhibition design called for using materials donated by both supporters and opponents of the SSC. Early in the exhibit's development the curators began contacting organizations and individuals who both supported and opposed the SSC, asking if they still had materials related to their efforts. Over a two-year period, the curators collected a wide range of items in more than twenty donations, ranging from bumper stickers, t-shirts and hats, to newspaper clippings, maps, and copies of state site proposals.

The design of the SSC portion of the Science in American Life exhibit became permanent with the closing of the SSC in late 1993. The SSC portion now focuses on the roles that special interest groups, protest, and grass-roots political campaigns play in large-scale scientific endeavors. Many of the donated items were included in the exhibit.

Notes

1 DeMott, John S. and J. Madeleine Nash, "Super Push for a Supercollider," Time, April 13, 1987, p. 19, Box 2, Folder 20.

2 "Alexander Narrative," a brief typescript history of the New York CATCH organization, Box 3, Folder 14.

3 Koszczuk, Jackie. "Anti-SSC Felling CATCH-es On Fast," Daily Star News (Fort Worth, Texas), September 17, 1988, p. 4, Box 2, Folder 5.
Related Materials:
When the Superconducting Super Collider entered its termination phase in 1993, the Records Management Department of the project began grouping the official records of the SSC into five "disposition packages." These packages were in various stages of being assembled, shipped, received, and processed for research use and were dispersed to: the Fort Worth Regional Federal Records Center; Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory ("Fermilab") Archives; Niels Bohr Library, Center for History of Physics, American Institute for Physics; Ronald Reagan Presidential Library; and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Archives.
Provenance:
This collection was donated by individuals connected in various ways to the Superconducting Super Collider. The items were donated from personal collections, official files, and the project archives of several different institutions. The donors were Gail Adair, Mary Lou and Dr. Jim Alexander, Representative Joe Barton, Jean Caddel, Coby Chase, Bill Dunn, the Fermi National Laboratory Library, David L. Gross, Bill Herbert, Larry Jones, Sharon Lough, Uriel Nauenberg, Doug McCuen, Ian McPherson, Andrea Miller, Brian L. Petty, the Red Oak Chamber of Commerce, Pat and Dr. Robert Sanders, the Waxahachie Chamber of Commerce, J. Fred Weinhold, Mari Beth Williams, and Stan L. Yonkauski. A brief statement identifying donors and their connections to the Superconducting Super Collider accompanies each subseries in the container list.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Environmental impact analysis  Search this
Environmental protection -- Citizen participation  Search this
Superconducting Super Collider  Search this
NIMBY syndrome  Search this
Genre/Form:
Bumper stickers
Videotapes
Photographs -- 1980-2000
Clippings -- 20th century
Handbills
Signs (declaratory or advertising artifacts)
Posters -- 20th century
Citation:
Superconducting Super Collider Collection, 1985-1992, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0538
See more items in:
Superconducting Super Collider Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0538
Online Media:

[Jawaharlal Nehru portraits : color slides (chromogenic phototransparencies)]

Photographer:
Sultner-Welles, Donald H. (Sultner, Donald Harvey), 1914-1981  Search this
Names:
Nehru, Jawaharlal, 1889-1964  Search this
Collection Collector:
Sultner-Welles, Donald H. (Sultner, Donald Harvey), 1914-1981  Search this
Collection Printer:
Janus, Allan  Search this
Collection Interviewee:
Hanfstaengl, Erna  Search this
Extent:
4 Items
Type:
Archival materials
Portraits
Photographs
Color slides
Chromogenic processes
Place:
India
Date:
1959
Local Numbers:
38930-38933 Videodisc frames
General:
In sheet 50, box 119.
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site. Unprotected photographs must be handled with white cotton gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Politicians -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Portraits -- Men
Photographs -- 1960-1990 -- Phototransparencies.
Color slides -- 20th century
Chromogenic processes
See more items in:
Donald H. Sultner-Welles Collection
Donald H. Sultner-Welles Collection / Series 5: Transparencies / 5.6: People
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0145-ref11663

[Jawaharlal Nehru looking into a garden pool in New Delhi, India: color slide (chromogenic phototransparency)]

Photographer:
Sultner-Welles, Donald H. (Sultner, Donald Harvey), 1914-1981  Search this
Names:
Nehru, Jawaharlal, 1889-1964  Search this
Collection Collector:
Sultner-Welles, Donald H. (Sultner, Donald Harvey), 1914-1981  Search this
Collection Printer:
Janus, Allan  Search this
Collection Interviewee:
Hanfstaengl, Erna  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Color dyes on film, unmounted., 2-1/4" x 2-1/4".)
Container:
Box 119, Sheet 50
Type:
Archival materials
Portraits
Photographs
Color slides
Chromogenic processes
Place:
New Delhi, India
India
Date:
August 1959
Local Numbers:
AC0145-0000064 (AC scan no.)
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site, except that slides may be in cold storage and require warm-up period. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Politicians -- 20th century  Search this
Water gardens  Search this
Genre/Form:
Portraits -- Men
Photographs -- 1950-2000 -- Color transparencies
Color slides -- 20th century
Chromogenic processes
See more items in:
Donald H. Sultner-Welles Collection
Donald H. Sultner-Welles Collection / Series 5: Transparencies / 5.6: People / La-Neh
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0145-ref11710

The Flight of Fashion

Artist:
Paul Prys  Search this
Publisher:
S. Gans  Search this
Medium:
Print, Etching on Paper, Colored
Dimensions:
2-D - Unframed (H x W): 24.9 × 38.7cm (9 13/16 in. × 1 ft. 3 1/4 in.)
Type:
ART-Prints, Original
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
Credit Line:
Gift of Harry F. Guggenheim
Inventory Number:
A19680052000
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Air and Space Museum Collection
Data Source:
National Air and Space Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nv976377efc-373e-4b03-b563-d02b0bd889c2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nasm_A19680052000
Online Media:

Ernst P. Boas Papers

Creator:
Boas, Ernst P. (Ernst Philip), 1891-1955  Search this
Names:
Montefiore Hospital for Chronic Diseases.  Search this
Goldschmidt, Ernst F. (Ernst Friedrich), b. 1892  Search this
Extent:
0.25 Cubic feet (2 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Technical literature
Reprints
Date:
1927-1946
Summary:
The papers document Dr. Ernst P. Boas and his work with Benjamin Liebowitz and Dr. Ernst F. Goldschmidt to develop the cardiotachometer (US Patent 1,816,465), a device to measure patients' heart rates for long periods of time. Materials include Dr. Boas's correspondence, patient experiment data, articles, and reprints of journal articles authored by Dr. Boas and with others that relate to the development of the cardiotachometer.
Scope and Contents:
The papers document Dr. Ernst P. Boas and his work with Benjamin Liebowitz and Dr. Ernst F. Goldschmidt to develop the cardiotachometer (US Patent 1,816,465), a device to measure patients' heart rates for long periods of time. Boas and Liebowitz were also assisted in their work by by Dr. Alfred N. Goldsmith, Julius Weinberger, Theodore A. Amith, and George Rodwin of the Radio Corporation of America (RCA). The RCA team was able to work out the theoretical and practical solutions for the amplifier, an important aspect for the device.

The papers include Dr. Boas's correspondence, patient experiment data, articles, and reprints of journal articles authored by Dr. Boas and with others that relate to the development of the cardiotachometer.

Series 1, Cardiotachometer Materials, 1926-1948, consist of the US patent issued to Boas, correspondence and writings that relate to the development of the cardiotachometer

Subseries 1, Correspondence, 1926-1934, consists of correspondence, invoices, receipts, and business cards, that relate to the development of the cardiotachometer and responses from physicians about its use. The majority of the correspondence relates to the development of the cardiotachometer and documents Boas's communications with companies who supplied parts (relays, wiring, contact devices, counters) such as the Weston Electrical Instrument Corporation, Veeder Manufacturing Company, A. Wittnauer Company (watchmakers), C.H. Stoelting Company, and Radio Corporation of America.

Subseries 2, Writings, 1928-1935, consists of articles written by Boas and with others related to the cardiotachometer and heart issues. Most of the articles are reprints from medical journals such as American Journal of the Medical Sciences, Archives of Internal Medicine, American Medicial Association, Journal of Clinical Investigation, The American Heart Journal, and the Journal of Mount Sinai Hospital.

Series 2, Patient Experiment Files, 1928-1929, consists of cardiotachometer experiments Dr. Boas conducted at Montefiore Home and Hospital in New York. The documentation consists of data for 48 patients, but the experiment numbers which were assigned to each patient in the study indicate more patients participated. The majority of patients are male, and the series is arranged by experiment number.

The files contain an overall health history (name, occupation, education, marital status, hobbies, sex, birth date, family history, habits and hygiene (sleep, diet, bowels, and menstruation), and past illnesses; physical examination (addressing teeth, tonsils, heart, joints, liver, spleen, lungs, etc.); diet sheet (types of foods eaten along with average pulse rates); measurements (height, arm length, leg length), cardiotachometer data (time, counter reading, rate, body position, room temperature, and remarks), cardiotachometer tape readings, and in some instances correspondence. A follow-up survey form was sent to patients by Dr. Boas, who participated in the experiment. The survey questions included issues such as mental work, dreaming, morning wake time, and preferences for staying in bed.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into three series.

Series 1, Cardiotachometer Materials, 1926-1948

Subseries 1, Correspondence, 1926-1948 (bulk 1926-1934)

Subseries 2, Writings, 1928-1935

Series 2, Patient Experiment Files, 1928-1929
Biographical / Historical:
Ernst Philip Boas was born on February 4, 1891 in Worcester, Massachusetts where his father, Franz Boas, held a docentship in anthropology at Clark University. Later, the family (including Ernst Boas's mother, Marie Krackowizer Boas; his three sisters, Helene, Gertrude, and Franziska; and his brother, Henry, moved to the New York City area.

Boas attended the Ethical Culture School through high school and then went on to receive his B.S. from Columbia University in 1910. He remained at Columbia to receive his M.A. in 1912 and his M.D. in 1914, the latter from the College of Physicians and Surgeons, where he graduated first in his class.

After some trouble finding an internship, apparently because of anti-Semitism, Boas became an intern at The Mount Sinai Hospital from 1914 to 1916. In 1917, he was appointed Instructor in Pathology at the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University. On August 6, 1917, he was drafted into the Army as First Lieutenant in the Medical Section of the Officers' Reserve Corps and was appointed Captain on April 20, 1918. While in the Army (including some duty in France), he served as a cardiovascular specialist.

When Boas was honorably discharged from the Army on 24 May 1919, he began his first private practice from an office in his home on West 96th Street in New York City. He practiced there until 1921 when he joined the staff of the Montefiore Hospital for Chronic Diseases as Medical Director. From 1920 to 1921, Boas was Instructor in Physiology at the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University. Later, from 1926 to 1951, he taught post-graduate courses in diseases of the heart at the College of Physicians and Surgeons.

In 1929, Boas left the medical directorship of Montefiore Hospital but retained the position of Attending Physician there for one year, from 1929 to 1930. Also in 1929, Boas moved to The Mount Sinai Hospital, where he was Associate Physician until 1951, at which time he became a consultant to the hospital.

Meanwhile, Boas resumed his private practice in 1929 (he was certified as a cardiovascular disease specialist by the American Board of Internal Medicine in 1941), opening an office at 41 West 83rd Street. He later established a permanent office at 1185 Park Avenue, where he entered into a partnership with Hyman Levy in 1949. One of Boas's sons, Norman F. Boas (also a physician), was his assistant from 1949 to 1951. Some of Boas's famous patients included William Laurence, science editor of the New York Times; Charles C. Burlingham, New York lawyer and politician; Sidney Hillman, President of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America; Henry A. Wallace, a United States cabinet official and presidential candidate; Karl Menninger, founder of the Menninger Clinic; and Dr. Felix Adler, founder of the Ethical Culture Society.

From 1937 to 1943, Boas was a Special Lecturer at the Teacher's College of Columbia University where he specialized in the education of the handicapped. From 1938 to 1951, he was Assistant Clinical Professor of Medicine at the College of Physicians and Surgeons.

Boas was a prolific writer of articles and books on scientific topics (such as cardiology), as well as on topics in the popular media, such as geriatrics and chronic illness. Many of his publications advocate compulsory national health insurance. He served as Associate Editor of Modern Hospital from 1923 to 1929. Some of his books include Treatment of the Patient Past Fifty, The Unseen Plague--Chronic Disease, and The Heart Rate. This latter book grew out of Boas's research with Ernst F. Goldschmidt in developing the cardiotachometer, an electronic device that measures the heart rate continuously over many hours. Other research included his discovery of the calcification of the pineal gland; studies of neurocirculatory asthenia in soldiers in World War I; studies of the physiology of capillaries; and studies on cholesterol and its role in the pathogenesis of arteriosclerosis.

Boas also served as a medical consultant to numerous organizations and health care institutions, including Beth Israel Hospital of Passaic, New Jersey; the Group Health Cooperative, Inc.; the New York Guild for the Jewish Blind; the Sidney Hillman Health Center (where he directed a large research program on atherosclerosis); Irvington House; Lexington Hospital; Long Beach Hospital; Moosehaven; the New York Metal Trades Council and Hotel Association; and the Workmen's Circle.

Boas was involved with city, state, and federal organizations that dealt with health care. He was Chairman of the Committee on Chronic Illness of the Welfare Council of the City of New York. His work with this committee encouraged the construction of the Municipal Hospital for Chronic Diseases (now called Goldwater Memorial Hospital) on Welfare Island, as well as the elimination of many of the almshouses there. He also served on the Advisory Council of the New York City Department of Health and on the General Advisory Committee for the Cardiac Program of the New York State Department of Health. He was a consultant to the Social Security Board of the United States Federal Security Agency. He also testified in compensation hearings to show that heart attacks may result from unusual effort or trauma.

Besides his purely medical work, Boas was deeply involved in social causes. He worked with such agencies as the China Aid Council, Inc.; the Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Medical Scientists (serving as Secretary in 1945); the Committee of Physicians for the Improvement of Medical Care, Inc.; the National Committee for Resettlement of Foreign Physicians; the Physicians Committee of the National Refugee Service (serving as Chairman in 1943), and the United Service for New Americans, Inc. He founded The Physicians Forum, Inc., in 1939, to study and discuss health care issues, resist McCarthyism, and counter the American Medical Association's opposition to national health insurance. He also continued to work against discrimination in any form and was instrumental in the appointment of African-American physicians and nurses to hospital staffs.

He was a member of the American Heart Association, the American Medical Association, the American Society for the Study of Arteriosclerosis (founding member), the Authors' Guild, the Child Study Association of America, the Committee for the Nation's Health, the Committee of Citizens Against the Feinberg Law (a law to eliminate subversives from the New York state public school system), the Harvey Society, the Medical Society of the County of New York, the National Medical Committee of the NAACP, the New York Academy of Medicine, the New York Heart Association, Inc. (founding member and Chairman), the New York Tuberculosis and Health Association (Chairman of the Heart Committee), and the United States Committee, Inc. (founding member), an organization created in support of the World Medical Association. He also belonged to the honorary societies of Alpha Omega Alpha, Phi Beta Kappa, and Pi Gamma Mu.

Boas died on March 9, 1955 in New York City of pancreatic cancer. He was survived by his wife, Helene Tuthill Sisson Boas, and his children, Donald P. Boas, Norman F. Boas, and Barbara G. Crutchley.

References

Biographical note courtesy of the Ernst Boas Papers, American Philsophical Society.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Del Mar Avionics Holter Monitor Records (AC1249)

Materials in the Division of Medicine and Science, National Museum of American History

The Division of Medicine and Science holds artifacts related to this collection. See accession #1984.0638.04.

Materials in Other Organizations

American Philosophical Society, Ernst P. Boas Papers, circa 1907-1955
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Norman F. Boas on December 14, 1974.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Medical innovations  Search this
Medicine -- Research  Search this
Cardiology  Search this
Cardiotachometer  Search this
Physicians  Search this
Medical instruments and apparatus  Search this
Medical sciences  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence -- 20th century
Technical literature
Reprints
Citation:
Ernst P. Boas Papers, 1927-1946, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Gift of Norman F. Boas.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0881
See more items in:
Ernst P. Boas Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0881

Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin Negatives

Creator:
Scurlock Studio (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Scurlock, Robert S. (Saunders), 1917-1994  Search this
Custom Craft  Search this
Scurlock, Addison N., 1883-1964  Search this
Scurlock, George H. (Hardison), 1919-2005  Search this
Names:
Howard University -- 20th century  Search this
DuBois, W.E.B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963  Search this
Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915  Search this
Extent:
320 Boxes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Matrices, color separation
Dye transfer process
Studio portraits
Color separation negatives
Place:
Washington (D.C.) -- Small business -- 20th century
Washington (D.C.) -- African Americans
Shaw (Washington, D.C.)
Date:
undated
Summary:
The Scurlock photographic studio was a fixture in the Shaw area of Washington, DC from 1911 to 1994, and encompassed two generations of photographers, Addison N. Scurlock (1883-1964) and his sons George H. (1920- 2005) and Robert S. (1916-1994). Subseries 4.1 includes black and white silver gelatin negatives. An overview to the entire Scurlock collection is available here: Scurlock Studio Records
Scope and Contents:
Subseries 4.1 includes black and white silver gelatin negatives. The majority of the negatives, not all, have been scanned.
Arrangement note:
The negatives are not arranged in a clear order, and the negatives document clients and subjects. Researchers will need to look in two different box sizes for negatives of different sizes that were originally housed together in freezer boxes but are now housed separately according to size. A number of freezer boxes are missing, this is the reason for box number gaps, and contain varying numbers of negatives. The physical number of boxes was condensed during rehousing but the original freezer box numbers were retained in combination on the new boxes. The beginning and end of a freezer box are indicated inside the new box by blue dividers.
Biographical/Historical note:
The Scurlock photographic studio was a fixture in the Shaw area of Washington, DC. from 1911 to 1994, and encompassed two generations of photographers, Addison N. Scurlock (1883-1964) and his sons George H. (1920- 2005) and Robert S. (1916-1994). More...
Forms Part Of:
Subseries 4.1 forms part of Series 4, within the Scurlock Studio Records group.

Scurlock Studio Records

Series 1: Black and White Photographs

Series 2: Color Photographs

Series 3: Framed Prints

Series 4: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin Negatives

Series 5: Color Negatives

Series 6: Color Transparencies, Slides, and Other Formats

Series 7: Black-and-White Color Separation Negatives and Matrices

Series 8: Scurlock Studio Business Records

Series 9: Custom Craft Business Records

Series 10: Capitol School of Photography

Series 11: Washington Stock

Series 12: Background Materials and Publications
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.

Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Special arrangements required to view negatives due to cold storage. Using negatives requires a three hour waiting period. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Rights:
When the Museum purchased the collection from the Estate of Robert S. Scurlock, it obtained all rights, including copyright. The earliest photographs in the collection are in the public domain because their term of copyright has expired. The Archives Center will control copyright and the use of the collection for reproduction purposes, which will be handled in accordance with its standard reproduction policy guidelines. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
African Americans -- History -- 20th century  Search this
Commercial photography -- 20th century -- Washington (D.C)  Search this
Segregation  Search this
Photography -- 20th century -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Portraits -- 20th century  Search this
Politicians -- 20th century  Search this
African American photographers  Search this
African American entertainers -- 20th century  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 20th century
Matrices, color separation
Dye transfer process
Studio portraits
Color separation negatives
Citation:
Scurlock Studio Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History. Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0618.S04.01
See more items in:
Scurlock Studio Records, Subseries 4.1: Black-and-White Silver Gelatin Negatives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0618-s04-01
Online Media:

William Tuck

Artist:
Unidentified Artist  Search this
Sitter:
William Munford Tuck, 28 Sep. 1896 - 9 Jun. 1983  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Painting
Date:
mid 20th-20th century
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Home Furnishings\Furniture\Seating\Chair  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Ring  Search this
Printed Material\Papers  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Tie  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Handkerchief  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Pin  Search this
William Munford Tuck: Male  Search this
William Munford Tuck: Politics and Government\Governor  Search this
William Munford Tuck: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
William Munford Tuck: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Virginia  Search this
William Munford Tuck: Politics and Government\Politician  Search this
William Munford Tuck: Military\Marine Corps\Soldier  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Virginia State Capitol
Object number:
VA430001
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm49f983385-127d-408c-b227-9958dfd94550
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_VA430001

Edward Beale and Kit Carson

Artist:
Isidore Konti, 1862 - 1938  Search this
Sitter:
Edward Fitzgerald Beale, 1822 - 1893  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson, 24 Dec 1809 - 23 May 1868  Search this
Medium:
Bronze
Dimensions:
406.4 x 213.4cm (160 x 84")
Type:
Sculpture
Date:
late 19th-mid 20th century
Topic:
Edward Fitzgerald Beale: Male  Search this
Edward Fitzgerald Beale: Natural Resources\Explorer  Search this
Edward Fitzgerald Beale: Military\Navy\Officer  Search this
Edward Fitzgerald Beale: Science and Technology\Engineer  Search this
Edward Fitzgerald Beale: Politics and Government\Diplomat\Minister  Search this
Edward Fitzgerald Beale: Politics and Government\Politician  Search this
Edward Fitzgerald Beale: Politics and Government\Government Official\Surveyor  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson: Male  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson: Military\Army\Officer\Colonel  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson: Military\Soldier  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson: Business and Finance\Businessperson\Merchant\Trader\Fur trader  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson: Natural Resources\Scout  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson: Natural Resources\Guide  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson: Politics and Government\Government Official\Indian agent  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson: Natural Resources\Hunter  Search this
Christopher Houston Carson: Natural Resources\Trapper  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Smithsonian American Art Museum
Object number:
XX101 SAAM
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4dba13938-b6ba-45b3-b4f4-de6a3fe3ab09
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_XX101_SAAM

Daniel James Moody, Jr.

Artist:
Lucy Wilson Rice  Search this
Sitter:
Daniel James Moody Jr., 1893 - 1966  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Type:
Painting
Date:
20th century
Topic:
Daniel James Moody Jr.: Male  Search this
Daniel James Moody Jr.: Politics and Government\Governor  Search this
Daniel James Moody Jr.: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Daniel James Moody Jr.: Politics and Government\Politician  Search this
Daniel James Moody Jr.: Politics and Government\Governor\Texas  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Texas State Library
Object number:
306-1688 TSL
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm426567c1c-d166-4650-aa83-a163bfa0914d
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_306-1688_TSL

Governor David L. Lawrence

Artist:
Nat Youngblood, born 1916  Search this
Sitter:
David Leo Lawrence, 1889 - 1966  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor and gouache on paper
Dimensions:
30.5 x 25.4cm (12 x 10")
Type:
Painting
Date:
20th century
Topic:
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
David Leo Lawrence: Male  Search this
David Leo Lawrence: Politics and Government\Politician  Search this
David Leo Lawrence: Politics and Government\Governor\Pennsylvania  Search this
David Leo Lawrence: Politics and Government\Public Official\Mayor\Pittsburgh, PA  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Westmoreland Museum of Art
Object number:
1987.91 WMA
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm46e38bb8c-6923-4c69-96c9-606387b11306
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1987.91_WMA

Ira B. Allen

Artist:
Unidentified Artist  Search this
Copy after:
William Wood, 1808 - 1894  Search this
Former attribution:
Archibald Robertson, 8 May 1765 - 6 Dec 1835  Search this
Sitter:
Ira B. Allen, 1751 - 1814  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor on ivory
Dimensions:
8.8cm x 7cm (3 7/16" x 2 3/4")
Type:
Painting
Date:
early 20th century
Topic:
Exterior\Sky  Search this
Miniature  Search this
Ira B. Allen: Male  Search this
Ira B. Allen: Natural Resources\Pioneer\Frontiersman  Search this
Ira B. Allen: Politics and Government\Government Official\Colonial Government Official  Search this
Ira B. Allen: Politics and Government\Politician  Search this
Ira B. Allen: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Vermont  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Smithsonian American Art Museum
Object number:
1941.5.3
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm431985aab-1f6f-43e0-90f2-0e87cb1c151c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1941.5.3

John Sherman

Artist:
Peter Teigen, 20th century  Search this
Copy after:
George Peter Alexander Healy, 15 Jul 1813 - 24 Jun 1894  Search this
Sitter:
John Sherman, 10 May 1823 - 22 Oct 1900  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
125.7cm x 100.2cm (49 1/2" x 39 7/16"), Sight
Type:
Painting
Date:
1928?
Topic:
John Sherman: Male  Search this
John Sherman: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
John Sherman: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of Treasury  Search this
John Sherman: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Ohio  Search this
John Sherman: Politics and Government\Cabinet Member\Secretary of State  Search this
John Sherman: Politics and Government\US Senator\Ohio  Search this
John Sherman: Politics and Government\US Senator\Majority Leader  Search this
John Sherman: Politics and Government\US Senator\Minority Leader  Search this
John Sherman: Politics and Government\Politician  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Harvard University Portrait Collection
Object number:
H376
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4de2a866f-0ba9-473d-913b-4a6e0c5890ed
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_H376

Henry Cabot Lodge

Artist:
John Singer Sargent, 12 Jan 1856 - 15 Apr 1925  Search this
Sitter:
Henry Cabot Lodge, 12 May 1850 - 9 Nov 1924  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Sight: 127 x 84.5cm (50 x 33 1/4")
Frame: 168.9 x 120.7 x 7.6cm (66 1/2 x 47 1/2 x 3")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1890
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Ring  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Mustache  Search this
Costume\Jewelry\Chain  Search this
Personal Attribute\Facial Hair\Beard  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Tie\Necktie  Search this
Henry Cabot Lodge: Male  Search this
Henry Cabot Lodge: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Henry Cabot Lodge: Literature\Writer  Search this
Henry Cabot Lodge: Politics and Government\US Congressman\Massachusetts  Search this
Henry Cabot Lodge: Education\Educator\Lecturer  Search this
Henry Cabot Lodge: Communications\Journalist\Editor\Magazine  Search this
Henry Cabot Lodge: Politics and Government\US Senator\Majority Leader  Search this
Henry Cabot Lodge: Society and Social Change\Administrator\Smithsonian Institution\Regent  Search this
Henry Cabot Lodge: Politics and Government\State Legislator\Massachusetts  Search this
Henry Cabot Lodge: Politics and Government\US Senator\Massachusetts  Search this
Henry Cabot Lodge: Society and Social Change\Administrator\Historical Society\President  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of the Honorable Henry Cabot Lodge
Object number:
NPG.67.58
Restrictions & Rights:
CC0
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Exhibition:
20th Century Americans: 1900-1930 (re-installation 2012)
On View:
NPG, South Gallery 322
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4f88e9f26-6cdb-4562-8def-71feeac5b902
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.67.58

Arthur Francis Mullen

Artist:
Henry C. Wolff  Search this
Sitter:
Arthur Francis Mullen, 1873 - 1938  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
100.4 x 75.1cm (39 1/2 x 29 9/16")
Type:
Painting
Date:
20th century
Topic:
Costume\Jewelry\Chain  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Tie\Necktie  Search this
Arthur Francis Mullen: Male  Search this
Arthur Francis Mullen: Law and Law Enforcement\Lawyer  Search this
Arthur Francis Mullen: Politics and Government\Politician  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Museum of Nebraska History
Object number:
5-536P
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4481428a2-fdfe-4a85-bc3b-17b5f74fe0e0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_5-536P

Jay Cook

Artist:
Alfred Bendiner, 23 Jun 1899 - 19 Mar 1964  Search this
Sitter:
Jay Cook  Search this
Medium:
Pencil on wove paper
Dimensions:
Sheet (Accurate): 35.9 x 27.6cm (14 1/8 x 10 7/8")
Type:
Drawing
Date:
20th century
Topic:
Jay Cook: Male  Search this
Jay Cook: Politics and Government\Politician  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Woodmere Art Museum
Object number:
1986.14.1
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4b3c04bd8-8044-4e76-a3fc-2d0e65424eda
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1986.14.1

Milton Friedman's Briefcase

User:
Friedman, Milton  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 13 3/4 in x 18 in x 6 1/2 in; 34.925 cm x 45.72 cm x 16.51 cm
Object Name:
briefcase
Used:
United States: California, Stanford
Date made:
2004
1994 - 2004
Related Publication:
Sewer, Andy; Allison, David; Liebhold, Peter; Davis, Nancy; Franz, Kathleen G.. American Enterprise: A History of Business in America
Credit Line:
Milton Friedman
ID Number:
2001.0072.01
Accession number:
2001.0072
Catalog number:
2001.0072.01
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Mechanical and Civil Engineering
Government, Politics, and Reform
American Enterprise
Exhibition:
American Enterprise
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a6-e7cd-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_880849
Online Media:

Bracelet

Object Name:
Loi de Lamine Gueye
Maker:
Wolof artist  Search this
Tukulor artist  Search this
Medium:
Gold-plated silver alloy
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 7.1 x 7.5 x 4.2 cm (2 13/16 x 2 15/16 x 1 5/8 in.)
Type:
Jewelry
Geography:
Senegal
Date:
Mid-late 20th century
Topic:
Adornment  Search this
Female use  Search this
male  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Dr. Marian Ashby Johnson
Object number:
2012-18-170
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys7bc6a1a00-1c87-4e44-b2ab-0b06b1b6cfbc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_2012-18-170

Bracelet

Object Name:
Lam u Balofon
Lam u Razoir
Pont N’Dar
balmarque de Lamine Gueye
Maker:
Wolof artist  Search this
Medium:
Gold-plated silver alloy
Dimensions:
Open, laying flat: 4.7 x 0.5 x 18 cm (1 13/16 x 3/16 x 7 1/16 in.) Chain: 10.7 cm (4 3/16 in.)
Type:
Jewelry
Geography:
Senegal
Date:
Early to mid-20th century
Topic:
Adornment  Search this
Female use  Search this
male  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Dr. Marian Ashby Johnson
Object number:
2012-18-188
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys79b95c579-680e-45bb-8034-0e8ecbafd95a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_2012-18-188

Bracelet

Object Name:
balmarque de Lamine Gueye
Maker:
Tukulor artist  Search this
Medium:
Gold-plated silver alloy
Dimensions:
Open, laying flat: 8.6 x 1.1 x 20.5 cm (3 3/8 x 7/16 x 8 1/16 in.)
Type:
Jewelry
Geography:
Senegal
Date:
Mid-20th century
Topic:
Adornment  Search this
Female use  Search this
crescent  Search this
male  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Dr. Marian Ashby Johnson
Object number:
2012-18-189
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys7a27b0ebe-d8ac-4d08-a94d-8e5255fded56
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_2012-18-189

Basket with lid

Maker:
Lozi artist  Search this
Medium:
Makenge root fiber
Dimensions:
H x W x D: 15.9 × 27.3 × 27 cm (6 1/4 × 10 3/4 × 10 5/8 in.)
Type:
Textile and Fiber Arts
Geography:
Zambia
Date:
Early to mid-20th century
Topic:
Household  Search this
geometric motif  Search this
male  Search this
Credit Line:
Museum purchase
Object number:
2014-29-3
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
National Museum of African Art Collection
Data Source:
National Museum of African Art
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ys7212e98f9-adf1-4108-a5d9-ab3bb5d1a01e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmafa_2014-29-3

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