Stan Hoig, (letter 1 July 1974) identifies adult Indians as follows: seated, left to right: Little Chief, Starving Elk, White Shield, Little Bear. Standing, not necessarily left to right: Plenty Horses, Feathered Wolf. (JSD 7/18/74)
Photographer identified by Don Fowler (Director, Desert Research Institute, Reno, Nevada) by comparison with copies of Hillers' photos in the G.W. Ingalls collection of the Huntington Library. (Letter, dated 6-12-74 in file under "Hillers") --PJR 8-8-74.
Portrait of people involved in Plenty Horses' Trial, including Plenty Horses, Living Bear, Bear-That-Lays-Down, He Dog, Broken Arm, White Moon, Rock Road, Pete Richard, Phillip H. Wells, William Rowland Thompson, Cris Mathison, F. C. Fry, Captain J. G. Ballance, W. B. Sterling, George P. Nock, and D. E. Powers.
Plenty Horses was tried at Fort Meade in South Dakota for the killing of Army Lieutenant Edward W. Casey during the Wounded Knee Massacre. The central argument of Plenty Horses' lawyers George Nock and David Powers was that a state of war existed between the United States and the Lakota Nation; as such, the belligerents could kill each other without threat of criminal penalty. The court found that a state of war did exist and released Plenty Horses, thereby exonerating the soldiers of the Seventh Cavalry involved in the Massacre.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 165
Location of Other Archival Materials:
An additional Butterfield photograph held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 24.