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Nor-Cos Pocket Player Organ

Physical Description:
plastic (overall material)
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Measurements:
harmonica: 2 5/8 in x 6 3/8 in x 4 in; 6.6675 cm x 16.1925 cm x 10.16 cm
box: 3 1/16 in x 7 in x 4 3/4 in; 7.77875 cm x 17.78 cm x 12.065 cm
roll: 4 5/8 in x 15/16 in; 11.7475 cm x 2.38125 cm
leaflet: 8 9/16 in x 4 in; 21.74875 cm x 10.16 cm
Object Name:
harmonica
Place made:
United States: Maryland, Easton
Date made:
ca 1954
Credit Line:
The Peter Kassan Collection
ID Number:
1988.0783.510
Accession number:
1988.0783
Catalog number:
1988.0783.510
See more items in:
Cultural and Community Life: Musical Instruments
Music & Musical Instruments
Popular Entertainment
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ab-fe07-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1306577
Online Media:

Wurlitzer Company Records

Creator:
Wurlitzer (Rudolph) Company  Search this
Names:
All-American Mohawk Company  Search this
Apollo Piano Company  Search this
Beach-Carlisle Violin Company  Search this
Caldwell Piano Company  Search this
Central Discount Company  Search this
Dayton Photo Products Company  Search this
DeKalb Piano Company  Search this
Dekleist Musical Instruments Company  Search this
Deutsch Wurlitzer  Search this
Eagle Radio Company  Search this
Everett Piano Company  Search this
Fox Theatres Corporation  Search this
Lyric Piano Company  Search this
Milner Music Company  Search this
Morsatti, Inc.  Search this
North Tonawanda Barrel Organ Company  Search this
Robert L. Loud Music Company  Search this
Rudolph Wurlitzer Manufacturing Company  Search this
Southern Ohio Radio Corporation  Search this
Western Industries Corporation  Search this
Wunderlich Piano Company  Search this
Wurlbild Corporation  Search this
Wurlitzer Acceptance Corporation  Search this
Wurlitzer Company  Search this
Wurlitzer Company of California  Search this
Wurlitzer Grand Piano Company  Search this
Youngstown Music Company  Search this
Rolfing, R.C.  Search this
Wurlitzer, Farny  Search this
Wurlitzer, Rembert  Search this
Wurlitzer, Rudolph  Search this
Extent:
56 Cubic feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Minute books
Account books
Financial records
Stock records
Reports
Advertisements
Sales records
Audits
Cashbooks
Ledgers (account books)
Annual reports
Photographs
Journals (accounts)
Price lists
Trade catalogs
Publications
Employee records
Marketing records
Commercial catalogs
Place:
DeKalb (Ill.)
North Tonawanda (N.Y.)
Corinth (Miss.)
Cincinnati (Ohio)
Date:
1860-1984
Summary:
The collection documents the history and development of the Wurlitzer Company and consists of company publications, business records, employee files, manufacturing records, sales and marketing records, product information, publicity, advertising, photographs, audiovisual materials, and organ installation drawings.
Scope and Contents:
The collection documents the history and the development of the Wurlitzer Company. Materials include company publications, business records, employee files, manufacturing records, sales and marketing records, product information, publicity, advertising, photographs, audiovisual materials, and organ installation drawings. The material in the collection spans from 1856-1986, although information prior to 1899 is sparse.
Arrangement:
The Collection is arranged into fourteen series.

Series 1: Wurlitzer Company Histories, Company Events, and General Business Materials, circa 1880-1987; undated

Series 2: Publications, 1910-1989; undated

Series 3: Advertising and Promotional Materials, 1911-1978

Series 4: Product Information, 1860-1984; undated

Series 5: Photographs of Wurlitzer Manufacturing Plants, Employees, Stores, and Dealerships, 1869-1970; undated Series 6: Photographs of Wurlitzer Products and Product Sales Promotions, 1900-1978; undated

Series 7, Photographs Used in Wurlitzer Advertising and Public Relations, 1904-1970; undated

Series 8: Wurlitzer Employee Records and Related Materials, 1909-1961; undated

Series 9: Production and Shipping Records, 1905-1987

Series 10: Shipping and Sales Records for Wurlitzer Dealerships, Wurlitzer Retail Stores, and Rembert Wurlitzer, Incorporated, 1917-1952

Series 11, Records of Stock Certificates, Meeting Minutes, and Related Financial and Legal Documents, 1907-1972

Series 12, Rudolph Wurlitzer Company Financial Records, 1893-1986

Series 13, Maps and Charts, 1931-1976

Series 14, Organ Installation Drawings, 1920-1931; undated
Historical Note:
The Wurlitzer Company began in 1856 when Rudolph Wurlitzer, a Cincinnati bank clerk, sold seven hundred dollars worth of musical instruments he had bought from family and friends in Germany. The busi¬ness was incorporated in Ohio in 1890 under the name the Ru¬dolph Wurlitzer Company." For the first fifty years, Wurlitzer was primarily a retail instrument business operating out of its Cincinnati Store headquarters. Although fire destroyed the com¬pany's headquarters in 1904, a new building was completed in time to celebrate Wurlitzer's fiftieth anniversary in 1906.

In 1908, the Wurlitzer Company bought the DeKleist Musical In¬strument Manufacturing Company in North Tonawanda, New York. The Rudolph Wurlitzer Manufacturing Company continued produc¬tion of automatic musical instruments including player pianos, military bands and pianorchestras. In 1910, the Wurlitzer Company bought the Hope-Jones Organ Company and began to manufacture unit-or¬chestra pipe organs at their North Tonawanda plant. These were pipe organs equipped with bells, gongs, horns and sirens. They became known as Mighty Wurlitzers and provided the musical back¬ground in silent movie houses all over the world and were also built for churches and private homes. In 1919, Wurlitzer bought the Melville-Clark Piano Company of DeKalb, Illinois. Wurlitzer pianos were then manufactured at the DeKalb facilities under a variety of names: the Apollo Piano Company, the DeKalb Piano Company and the Wurlitzer Grand Piano Company. Each name des¬ignated a different quality, price range and style.

With the decline of sales during the 1920s and 1930s, pro¬duction of automatic musical instruments ceased until the manu¬facture of the first jukebox in 1934. In 1930, the Julius Bauer Piano Company was purchased and continued to build pianos in that name until shortly before World War II. For a brief time, radios and refrigerators were made by the Wurlitzer controlled Air-Amer¬ican Mohawk Corporation. It was not a successful venture and ended in the mid-1930s. Many of the Wurlitzer retail stores were, at that time, in bad locations and needed repairs. The solutions to these problems came about with a reorganization of the company in 1935. With the reorganization, many retail stores were sold, piano manufacturing was consolidated in DeKalb and many subsidiaries were dissolved or absorbed completely into the Wurlitzer Company.

During World War II, Wurlitzer halted production of musical in¬struments. The company's defense production efforts were rec¬ognized in 1943 and 1944 when it is North Tonawanda and DeKalb plants received the Army-Navy "E" Award. In 1946, peacetime production resumed and the Wurlitzer Company introduced two new instruments: the electric organ in 1947 and the electric piano in 1954. In 1956, the Wurlitzer Company celebrated its centennial. That same year a new plant at Corinth, Mississippi, was completed. Later, plants were opened in Holly Springs, Mississippi (1961), Logan, Utah (1970) and Hullhorst, West Germany, (1960). The new facilities replaced those at North Tonawanda and DeKalb. The North Tonawanda plant ceased production of jukeboxes in 1974, becoming the company's engineering and research center. In 1973, the DeKalb plant ended production of pianos maintaining only mar¬keting and administrative offices. In 1977, the Wurlitzer Com¬pany's corporate headquarters moved to DeKalb, including the en¬gineering and research center from North Tonawanda.

Wurlitzer's three sons had assumed leadership of the company after his death in 1914. Each son acted as president then, chair of the board, successively. The company hired R.C. Rolfing in 1934 as vice-president and general manager. His re¬organization helped the company through the Depression years. Rolfing succeeded the last of the founder's sons in 1941 as pres¬ident of the company and in 1966 as chair of the board. Farny Wurlitzer, Rudolph's youngest son, died in 1972. A.D. Arsem succeeded Rolfing in 1974 as chair of the board. George B. Howell succeeded W. N. Herleman as president of the company.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

Steinway & Sons Records and Family Papers, 1857-1919 (AC0178)

Chickering & Sons Piano Company Collection, 1864-1985 (AC0264)

Sohmer & Company Records, 1872-1989 (AC0349)

William J. Lenz Piano Tuning Collection, circa 1903-1955 (AC0511)

Janssen Piano Company Records, 1901-1929 (AC0512)

John R. Anderson Piano Trade Literature and Ephemera Collection, circa 1850-1990 (AC1257)

Warshaw Collection of Business America's Piano and Organ related materials (AC0060)
Provenance:
Collection donated by Northern Illinois University, and Regional History Center, 1994, November 11.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Violin -- Manufacture  Search this
Radio -- Receivers and reception  Search this
Coin-operated machines  Search this
Accordion  Search this
Jukeboxes -- Manufacture  Search this
Harp -- Manufacture  Search this
Piano -- History  Search this
Player organ  Search this
Accordion -- Manufacture  Search this
Piano makers  Search this
Organ -- Manufacture  Search this
Organ -- History  Search this
Wurlitzer organ  Search this
Musical instrument makers  Search this
Mechanical organs  Search this
Mechanical musical instruments  Search this
Musical instruments  Search this
Genre/Form:
Minute books
Account books
Financial records
Stock records
Reports
Advertisements
Sales records
Audits
Cashbooks
Ledgers (account books)
Annual reports
Photographs -- 19th century
Journals (accounts)
Price lists
Trade catalogs
Publications
Employee records
Marketing records
Commercial catalogs
Citation:
Wurlitzer Company Records, 1860-1984, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0469
See more items in:
Wurlitzer Company Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0469
Online Media:

The handbook of organic and fair trade food marketing / edited by Simon Wright and Diane McCrea

Title:
Organic and fair trade food marketing
Author:
Wright, Simon 1957- http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n2006061265 http://viaf.org/viaf/121021724/  Search this
McCrea, Diane http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n00006141 http://viaf.org/viaf/44525566/  Search this
Sainsbury's (Firm) http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n91004589 http://viaf.org/viaf/146359391/  Search this
Physical description:
1 online resource (xvi, 291 pages) : illustrations
Type:
Handbooks, manuals, etc
Electronic books
Handbooks and manuals
Date:
2007
Topic:
Natural foods industry  Search this
Natural foods--Marketing  Search this
Farm produce--Marketing  Search this
Beverages--Marketing  Search this
COOKING--Health & Healing--General  Search this
Call number:
HD9000.65 .H36 2007 (Internet)
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1123852

Travel, Virgin Islands (see also oversized, Box 163)

Collection Creator:
Davis, Benjamin O., Jr., 1912-  Search this
Container:
Box 7, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
January 1949
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. Collection, Acc. 1992.0023, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Benjamin O. Davis Jr. Collection
Benjamin O. Davis Jr. Collection / Series 2: Military Career / 2.3: Materials Arranged by Posting / 2.3.9: Lockbourne AAB/AAF/AFB (Lockbourne, OH), Base Commander
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1992-0023-ref1846
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Travel, Virgin Islands (see also oversized, Box 163) digital asset number 1

Carnival in Cuba [sound recording] / recorded by Andrew Schloss

Title:
Carnaval in Cuba
Commentator:
Schloss, Andrew  Search this
Album cover design:
Clyne, Ronald 1925-2006  Search this
Performer:
Orquesta Aragón  Search this
Conga de los Hoyos de Santiago de Cuba (Musical group)  Search this
Hermanos Layton (Musical group)  Search this
Carabali Olugo  Search this
Physical description:
1 phonograph record : analog, 33 1/3 rpm ; 12 in
Culture:
Cubans  Search this
Afro-Caribbean  Search this
Type:
Phonograph records
Place:
Cuba
Date:
1981
Topic:
World music  Search this
Folk music  Search this
Carnival songs  Search this
Comparsa  Search this
Holiday  Search this
Instrumental music  Search this
Patriotic music  Search this
Songs  Search this
Animals  Search this
Charanga  Search this
Music  Search this
Conga music  Search this
Dance  Search this
Areito  Search this
Nostalgia  Search this
Violin  Search this
Violoncello  Search this
Bass  Search this
Flute  Search this
Timbales (Drum)  Search this
Conga (Drum)  Search this
Claves  Search this
Guiro  Search this
Piano  Search this
Boku  Search this
Galleta  Search this
Hierro  Search this
Trompeta china  Search this
Drum  Search this
Player organ  Search this
Scraper (Musical instrument)  Search this
Carnival  Search this
Local number:
FW-COMM-LP-04065
Folkways 4065
Restrictions & Rights:
Restrictions on access
See more items in:
Folkways Records Collection 1948-1986
Data Source:
Ralph Rinzler Folklife Archives and Collections
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_arc_232015

Taking the Stage

Creator:
Smithsonian Magazine  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Tue, 01 May 2007 03:00:00 +0000
Topic:
Search this
See more post:
Smithsonian Article Database
Data Source:
Smithsonian Magazine
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_5bfd82fedd2207b341d2adb1f8714455

Aus Freiburg in die Welt : 100 Jahre Welte Mignon / mit Beiträgen von: Durward R. Center ... [et al.]

Title:
100 Jahre Welte Mignon
Hundert Jahre Welte Mignon
Automatische Musikinstrumente
Author:
Center, Durward R  Search this
Augustinermuseum (Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany)  Search this
Welte-Mignon Corporation  Search this
Subject:
Welte-Mignon Corporation History  Search this
Physical description:
186 p. : ill. ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Germany
United States
Date:
2005
Topic:
Player piano--History  Search this
Player organ--History  Search this
Mechanical organ builders  Search this
Call number:
ML1070 .A97 2005
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_810155

The Aeolian pipe-organ and its music

Author:
Aeolian Company  Search this
Physical description:
538 p. 21 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1919
[c1919]
Topic:
Player-organ rolls--Bibliography  Search this
Call number:
ML158 .A25 1919
ML158.A25 1919
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_407595

Gellerman's International reed organ atlas : some account of the various manufacturers of reed organs of divers kinds including seraphines, melodeons, harmoniums, cabinet organs, parlor organs, cottage organs, organettes, and player organs / by Robert F. Gellerman

Author:
Gellerman, Robert F. 1928-  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 169 p. : ill. ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1985
Topic:
Reed organ builders  Search this
Call number:
ML597.G46 1985X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_443057

Edwin Booth's legacy : treasures from the Hampden-Booth Theatre Collection at the Players : at the Vincent Astor Gallery, The New York Public Library at Lincoln Center, Library and Museum of the Performing Arts, October 6, 1989 through January 6, 1990 / selected and organized by Raymond Wemmlinger and Brooks McNamara ; catalogue by Raymond Wemmlinger and Brooks McNamara ; with contributions by Robert A. Carter, José Ferrer and Paul Myers

Author:
Wemmlinger, Raymond  Search this
McNamara, Brooks  Search this
Carter, Robert A  Search this
Ferrer, José 1912-1992  Search this
Myers, Paul 1917-  Search this
Hampden-Booth Theatre Collection  Search this
Vincent Astor Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Booth, Edwin 1833-1893 Exhibitions  Search this
Players (Organization) Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
126 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 27 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
United States
Date:
1989
C1989
Topic:
Actors--Exhibitions  Search this
Call number:
N620.P6 E26 1989
N620.P6E26 1989
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_383915

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