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St. Francis Mission photograph collection

Creator:
Buechel, Eugene  Search this
Photographer:
Gentle, Salvatore  Search this
Extent:
3,800 Copy prints (circa, black and white)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy prints
Photographs
Place:
Rosebud Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
St. Francis Indian Mission (South Dakota)
Date:
circa 1902-1905, 1920s-1940s, 1960s
Scope and Contents note:
Copy photographs depicting buildings, farms, Dakota Indians, and mission school activities in and around the St. Francis Mission on the Rosebud Reservation. The majority of the photographs were made by Eugene Buechel, a Jesuit who served at St. Francis and Holy Rosary missions. The collection also includes some photographs by Fr. Salvatore Gentile of a Sun Dance on the Pine Ridge Reservation.
Biographical/Historical note:
St. Francis Mission was a Jesuit mission established on the Rosebud Reservation in South Dakota in 1886. The central function of the mission was education, in the form of the St. Francis Mission school. Father Digmann, often referred to as the founder of St. Francis Mission, also established thirty-seven mission stations around the reservation. In 1972 the mission school was turned over to the tribe's community corporation, Sicangu Oyate Ho, Inc., which renamed it St. Francis Indian School.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot R74-10
Reproduction Note:
Copy prints and negatives made by Smithsonian Institution, 1973-1974.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Photographs of St. Francis Mission may be found in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4574.
Marquette University's Raynor Memorial Libraries in Milwaukee, WI, holds the records of the St. Francis Mission.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
This copy collection has been obtained for reference purposes only. Contact the repository for terms of use and access.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot R74-10, St Francis Indian Mission photograph collection, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.R74-10
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw394d8714e-13b5-4674-9545-ef9a86043307
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-r74-10

Copies of Stephen E. Feraca photographs of Siouan Indians and Sun Dance

Creator:
Feraca, Stephen E., 1934-  Search this
Extent:
85 Copy color slides
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy color slides
Photographs
Place:
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Rosebud Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Date:
circa 1954-1961
Scope and Contents note:
Copies of photographs mostly depicting Sun Dances on the Pine Ridge and Rosebud Indian Reservations. They depict Oglala, Dakota, and other Siouan Indians, encampments, wagons, tipis, and a powwow.
Biographical/Historical note:
Stephen E. Feraca was an employee of the Department of the Interior, based at the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota. He earned a masters degree from Columbia University (ca. 1957); his thesis was titled "The contemporary Teton Sioux Sun Dance." He also authored the book Wakinyan: Lakota Religion in the Twentieth Century, University of Nebraska Press, 1998. Feraca retired from the Department of the Interior in 1985.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot R92-49
Reproduction Note:
Copy slides made by Smithsonian Institution, 1989.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Correspondence from Feraca held in the National Anthropological Archives in the James Henri Howard Papers.
Provenance:
Originals loaned for copying by Stephen Feraca through Joallyn Archambault, 1989.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
This copy collection has been obtained for reference purposes only. Contact the repository for terms of use and access.
Topic:
Tipis  Search this
Wagons  Search this
Sun Dance  Search this
Camps  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot R92-49, Copies of Stephen E. Feraca photographs of Siouan Indians and Sun Dance, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.R92-49
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3d94caf27-26d8-4854-b0e8-e95dc6823374
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-r92-49

H. Scudder Mekeel photographs

Creator:
Mekeel, H. Scudder (Haviland Scudder), 1902-1947  Search this
Names:
Laboratory of Anthropology (Museum of New Mexico)  Search this
Collier, John, 1884-1968  Search this
Kroeber, A. L. (Alfred Louis), 1876-1960  Search this
Photographer:
Fiske, Frank Bennett, 1883-1952  Search this
Rise, Carl H., 1888-1939  Search this
Extent:
1 Print (photochrom)
443 Negatives (nitrate)
235 Prints (silver gelatin)
Culture:
Taos Indians  Search this
Pueblo  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Lakota (Teton/Western Sioux)  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Osage  Search this
Hualapai (Walapai)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Negatives
Place:
Standing Rock Indian Reservation (N.D. and S.D.)
Oraibi (Ariz.)
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Date:
bulk 1930-1933
circa 1920-1947
Scope and Contents note:
The photographs primarily document ceremonies, people, and lands of Native Americans in the Plains and Southwest, taken during Mekeel's field research from 1929 to 1936. A large portion of the collection depicts Mekeel's research during the early 1930s among the Oglala of the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota. Another large portion of the collection includes personal photos depicting Mekeel's homes and children.
Biographical/Historical note:
H. Scudder Mekeel (1902-1947) was an anthropologist who studied social and psychological aspects of Native American cultures. Educated at Harvard University (BA, 1928), the University of Chicago (MA, 1929), and Yale University (PhD, 1932), he was a member of the 1929 Laboratory of Anthropology (Santa Fe) ethnological field school led by Alfred L. Kroeber. In 1929-1932, he carried out three field expeditions to the Sioux communities of South Dakota, working mainly on the Pine Ridge Reservation. He joined the Bureau of Indian Affairs as Director of Applied Anthropology under Commissioner John Collier in 1935. Two years later, he was appointed Director of the Laboratory of Anthropology at Santa Fe and continued there until 1940, when he accepted a teaching position at the University of Wisconsin.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 94-21
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds copies of Mekeel's Field Notes from the summers of 1930 and 1931 in the White Clay District of the Pine Ridge Reservation, South Dakota (MS 7088). Originals of these field notes and Mekeel's population notes on the White Clay District are held by the American Museum of Natural History, Division of Anthropology Archives (.M454).
The Human Studies Film Archives holds Mekeel's film footage of a Lakota Sioux Sundance from 1930 (HSFA 92.8.1).
Correspondence from Mekeel held in the National Anthropological Archives in the William Duncan Strong papers, Raoul Weston LaBarre Papers, and Bureau of American Ethnology Administrative File.
Restrictions:
Original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require special arrangements for viewing.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Citation:
Photo Lot 94-21, the H. Scudder Mekeel photographs, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.94-21
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3dbffcbe1-fa91-4298-a955-884082c29279
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-94-21

Marjorie Meriweather Post photograph collection

Creator:
Post, Marjorie Merriweather  Search this
Names:
Lehman & Duval Lithrs.  Search this
United States. Army. Signal Corps  Search this
Angeline, d.1896 (Suquamish Indian)  Search this
Buffalo Bill, 1846-1917  Search this
Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952  Search this
Geronimo, 1829-1909  Search this
King, Charles Bird, 1785-1862  Search this
Picart, Bernard, 1673-1733  Search this
Extent:
2 Lithographs
1 Postcard
1 Engraving
1 Print (mounted in frame)
1 newspaper clipping in frame made from squirrel
9 Prints (silver gelatin)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Apache  Search this
Duwamish (Dwamish)  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Lithographs
Postcards
Engravings
Prints
Photographs
Place:
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs collected by Marjorie Meriweather Post relating to NAtive Americans. They include images of Post's home at Camp Topridge, Geronimo, Buffalo Bill Cody, Native chiefs and US officials at Pine Ridge in 1891, and Princess Angeline, daughter of Chief Seattle. Additionally, there are lithographs of Caa-tou-see and Shin-Ga-Ba-Wossinis, and a B. Picart engraving of Native Americans circling a burial mound and a newspaper clipping ("Out of Human Skin") in a frame made from a squirrel pelt.
Biographical/Historical note:
Marjorie Meriweather Post (1887-1973) was a Washington, D.C., businesswoman, philanthropist, and collector of decorative art objects. Her father Charles W. Post was the owner of Postup Cereal Company, later General Foods Corporation. In 1973, Marjorie Post's philanthropy earned her the first ever James Smithson Society Medal, the Smithsonian Institution's highest benefactor award. After her death, Post willed her Hillwood estate to the Smithsonian along with her American Native American collection at Camp Topridge.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 75-46
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds the Marjorie Merriweather Post papers (MS 7278).
The Smithsonian Institution Archives holds the records of Post's Hillwood Estate, 1960-1976 (SIA RS00740).
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Lithographs
Engravings
Citation:
Photo lot 75-46, Marjorie Meriweather Post photograph collection, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.75-46
See more items in:
Marjorie Meriweather Post photograph collection
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw32481fa09-1206-4bd6-a263-107e7268a600
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-75-46

Horace G. Jennerson collection

Photographer:
Jennerson, Horace G.  Search this
Bratley, J. H. (Jesse H.)  Search this
Names:
Red Cloud, 1822-1909  Search this
Extent:
1 Linear foot
28 Glass plate negatives
30 Photographic prints
Culture:
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)  Search this
Oglala Lakota [Pine Ridge]  Search this
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographic prints
Place:
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Rosebud Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Date:
bulk circa 1887-1902
circa 1887-1940
Summary:
This collection contains photographs was shot circa 1887-1899 by Jesse Hasting Bratley and Horace G. Jennerson while they served as teachers on the Rosebud and Pine Ridge Reservations.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains 28 glass plate negatives and 30 photographic prints that were mostly shot by Jesse Hasting Bratley and Horace G. Jennerson circa 1887-1905, while they were teachers on the Rosebud and Pine Ridge Reservations respectively. The photographs include depictions of the Corn Creek Day School on Rosebud Reservation and No. 20 Day School on the Pine Ridge Reservation; portraits of individuals and families; interior views of an Omaha earth lodge and exterior views of encampments; activities such as branding calves, a 4th of July celebration, and an Episcopalian Convocation; and landscapes of the Badlands in South Dakota. One photograph in the collection possibly depicts Horace G. Jennerson circa 1938-1940.

Photographs of note include 2 glass plate negatives depicting Chief Red Cloud.

Some photographs in this collection are restricted because they depict culturally sensitive scenes such as sweat house/lodges and burial grounds.

Jennerson collected Bratley's photographs at some unknown point in time and Jennerson's wife Mary captioned many of the original plates and prints. In some instances, the original photographer is unclear.
Arrangement:
This collection is organized into 5 series: Series 1: Portraits, Series 2: Students and schools, Series 3: Activities, Series 4: Buildings and structures, and Series 5: Landscapes.

The photographs are physically arranged in original catalog number order within folders. The glass plate negatives are arranged in boxes according to image size and then by catalog number order.
Biographical / Historical:
Born in Kansas in 1863, Horace G. Jennerson served as a teacher at the No. 20 Day School on the Pine Ridge Reservation, South Dakota from circa 1896-1905. He married Mary R. Jennerson in Saline, Kansas in 1889. Their children included M. Leah Jennerson and Horace L. Jennerson. He also served as a financial clerk for the Indian Service in Ponca, Oklahoma circa 1905-1913. He died in Seattle, Washington in 1940.

Jesse Bratley was born in Brown Town, Wisconsin in 1867. He served as teacher at the Lower Cut Meat Creek Indian Day School on the Rosebud Reservation in South Dakota from circa 1893-1899. In addition to regular classes, he also taught the children farming, carpentry, and blacksmithing. He later served as a teacher at the Cantonment Boarding School in Oklahoma, circa 1899-1900; Havasupai at Cataract, Arizona, circa 1902-1903; Hopi Day School in Arizona, circa 1902-1903, and Seminole, Florida, 1910. He passed away in Florida in 1948.
Separated Materials:
Horace L. Jennerson also donated objects to the Museum of the American Indian and are cataloged under numbers 243761-243811.
Provenance:
This collection was donated to the Museum of the American Indian by Horace L. Jennerson (son of Horace G. Jennerson) in 1970.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Some images restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Education  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Horace G. Jennerson collection, catalog #; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.224
See more items in:
Horace G. Jennerson collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4df69a7b8-70b1-4dc7-9126-fb635453661b
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-224
Online Media:

John Rutter Brooke photograph collection from Camp Supply and Pine Ridge Reservation

Collector:
Brooke, John Rutter, 1838-1926  Search this
Names:
Northwestern Photographic Company  Search this
Trager and Kuhn  Search this
Photographer:
Soule, William S. (William Stinson), 1836-1908  Search this
Trager, George E.  Search this
Extent:
17 Mounted prints (albumen)
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Mounted prints
Place:
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Fort Supply (Okla.)
Rosebud Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Date:
circa 1867-1891
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs mostly made by William S. Soule and George E. Trager, and probably acquired by John Rutter Brooke while stationed with the US Army at Camp Supply (circa 1873) and the Department of the Platte (1888-1895). Photographs by William S. Soule document life at Camp Supply, depicting Arapaho people (including Chief Powder Face), tipis and encampments, drying bison meat, and one image of Cheyenne captives, identified as Dull Knife, Curly Hair, and Big Head. Photographs by George E. Trager (through his studios Trager and Kuhn and the Northwestern Photographic Company) depict Red Cloud, Pine Ridge Agency, Rosebud Agency, and a Grand Council between Plains chiefs at Pine Ridge. The collection also includes three images relating to a Ute Bear Dance at Uintah Agency.
Biographical/Historical note:
John Rutter Brooke (1838-1926) graduated from Ursinus College shortly before enlisting in the 4th Pennsylvania Infantry division in April 1861. At the age of twenty-three, Brooke was granted the rank of colonel and served as the commanding officer for the 53rd Pennsylvania volunteer regiment. He led the 53rd at Antietam and a brigade of the Union Army's 1st Division during the Gettysburg campaign, leading to his appointment as Brigadier General in 1864. During peacetime, Brooke participated in the removal of Native American tribes to reservations. He commanded troops at Camp Supply in 1873, the U.S. 7th Cavalry during the attack at Wounded Knee, the Department of the Platte when the Ghost Dance War began in 1890 and the 1st Corps during the Spanish-American War. In 1897, he was promoted to major general and served as military governor of Puerto Rico and Cuba in the last years of the 19th century. Brooke returned to the United States as commanding officer of the Department of the East, eventually retiring to Philadelphia in 1902.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 4599, NAA MS 4598, USNM ACC 63760
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Photographs previously filed in MS 4598 have been relocated and merged with Photo Lot 4599. These photographs were also collected by John Rutter Brooke and donated in accession 063760 and form part of this collection.
Additional Soule photographs held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 3912, MS 4791, MS 2531, Photo Lot 24, Photo Lot 97-6, and the BAE historical negatives.
John R. Brooke also donated a large copper nugget, a bolo and sheath, and a dagger, which are held in the anthropology collections of the National Museum of Natural History in accession 063760.
The Historical Society of Pennsylvania holds John Rutter Brooke papers.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Camps  Search this
Cooking  Search this
Tipis  Search this
Citation:
Photo Lot 4599, John Rutter Brooke photograph collection from Camp Supply and Pine Ridge Reservation, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.4599
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw31935871a-6a52-410f-a334-17e7c7ffbd76
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-4599

Anne Pearse-Hocker negatives, photographs, and other materials

Photographer:
Pearse-Hocker, Anne  Search this
Names:
American Indian Movement  Search this
Aquash, Anna Mae, 1945-1976  Search this
Banks, Dennis  Search this
Bellecourt, Clyde H. (Clyde Howard), 1936-  Search this
Bellecourt, Vernon  Search this
Black Elk, Wallace H.  Search this
Frizzell, Kent, 1929-  Search this
Means, Russell, 1939-  Search this
Extent:
54 Contact sheets (black and white)
35 mm. (black and white, 8 x 10 in.)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Contact sheets
Black-and-white negatives
Place:
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Pine Ridge (S.D.)
Wounded Knee (S.D.) -- History -- Indian occupation, 1973
Date:
1970-1973
Summary:
The majority of Pearse-Hocker's momentous negatives give eyewitness account to two weeks of both the mundane and brutal reality of daily life during the 1973 occupation of Wounded Knee on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in Pine Ridge, South Dakota. The takeover of the town and the conflict between about 200 members of AIM (American Indian Movement, the Native American civil rights activist organization begun in the 1968) and the United States Marshals Service began on February 27 and lasted for 71 days, resulting in tragedy on both sides of the conflict. Members of AIM along with some local Oglala (Lakota) Sioux from the local reservation took over the town in protest against the United States Government's history of broken treaties with various Native groups, the poverty and maltreatment of Native populations, as well as in defiance against the corruption and paternalism within the local subsidiary of the BIA (Bureau of Indian Affairs). The siege finally came to an end on May 5 when members of AIM and the assistant attorney general for the Civil Division of the US Justice Department Harlington Wood Jr. settled on a ceasefire. Kent Frizzell served as Chief Government Negotiator in the capacity of Assistant Attorney General (Land and Natural Resources Division, U. S. Department of Justice) and later as Solicitor, U. S. Department of the Interior. Among those pictured both during and post-conflict are AIM activists Dennis Banks, Clyde and Vernon Bellecourt, Ted and Russell Means, Frank Clearwater, Wallace Black Elk and Anna Mae Pictou Aquash. A small number of negatives also document AIM's takeover of the BIA building and the AIM Powwow both in Minneapolis in 1970.
Arrangement note:
Negatives: organized in binders; arranged in sleeves by strip and image number, interspersed with relevant applicable contact sheets
Biographical/Historical note:
Anne Pearse-Hocker is a photojournalist who first encountered the American Indian Movement while a student on assignment for a journalism class at the University of Kansas. Her photographs document some very important moments in the early history of the American Indian Movement (AIM).

Pearse-Hocker was scheduled to interview the area director of the BIA in Minneapolis in the spring of 1970 as part of an Investigative Reporting class, and walked into the middle of an AIM occupation of the building, which she documented on film and with taped interviews. She stayed well past her spring break plans to use this opportunity to develop contacts with AIM leaders Clyde Bellecourt and Dennis Banks.

Her connections came in handy in 1973 during the occupation of Wounded Knee. Pearse-Hocker sneaked into the compound with a CBS news crew at night, and was allowed to remain due to her acquaintance with Banks, who remembered her from Minneapolis. She had strategically arrived the evening before the standoff was supposed to end, but when the settlement negotiations fell through, she remained in the compound for an additional few weeks, documenting the daily events including the firefight that claimed Frank Clearwater's life.

Pearse-Hocker returned to Wounded Knee in 1998 to revisit the site on the 25th anniversary of the occupation, and documented the experience for the journal 'Native Americas' (Spring 1998 issue) with new photographs of some of the survivors of the event.

After a career of news photography in broadcast journalism, she is retired and living in Montana.
Restrictions:
Access is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the Archive Center to make an appointment.
Rights:
Copyright: Anne Pearse-Hocker, 1973. Researchers must contact copyright holder for permissions, reproductions, and use.
Topic:
Teton Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Government relations  Search this
Oglala Indians -- Government relations  Search this
Oglala Indians  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white negatives
Contact sheets
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.028
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4a2e733b8-94b2-431a-9742-7d7fd35be09c
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-028

Rolf Tietgens photographs

Creator:
Tietgens, Rolf  Search this
Extent:
47 Photographic prints
Culture:
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Tesuque Pueblo  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Taos Pueblo  Search this
Apache  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Place:
New Mexico
Arizona
South Dakota
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Date:
1933-1934
1940-1944
Summary:
This collection includes 47 photographic prints made by German born photographer Rolf Tietgens in 1933-1934 and 1940-1944 on the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota and in various locations across Arizona and New Mexico. Communities photographed in South Dakota include the Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux) and Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux). Communities photographed in Arizona and New Mexico include—Laguna Pueblo, K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo), Diné (Navajo), Tesuque Pueblo, Hopi Pueblo, Taos Pueblo and Apache.
Scope and Contents:
This collection includes 47 photographic prints made by German born photographer Rolf Tietgens on a brief trip to the United States in 1933-1934 and in 1940-1944 after moving permanently to New York. Some of the photographs that were made on his 1933-1934 trip were later published in a 1936 book called Die Regentrommel (The Rain Drum).

The photographs include outdoor portraits and landscape views on the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota and in various locations across Arizona and New Mexico These were shot among the Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux) and Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux) communities in South Dakota and among the Laguna Pueblo, K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo), Diné (Navajo), Tesuque Pueblo, Hopi Pueblo, Taos Pueblo and Apache in Arizona and New Mexico. One of the more famous portraits includes an image of Chief Blackhorn (Tahe Sapa/Hah-Sah-Pah/Black Horn) [Sicangu Lakota (Brulé Sioux)], likely shot in 1941. Many of the portraits remain unidentified.

Many the photographs depict ceremonial dances and have been restricted due to cultural sensitivity. There are also several duplicate images within the collection.

Catalog numbers include P23663-P23709.
Arrangement:
Arranged by catalog number.
Biographical / Historical:
Rolf Tietgens was born in Hamburg, Germany in 1911. In 1933 Tietgens first visited the United States, where he made a series of photographs of Native Americans, published in Germany as a book, Die Regentrommel (The Rain Drum), in 1936. As a filmmaking student in Berlin, Tietgens worked for Leni Riefenstahl as a cameraman on Olympia (1936). He then moved to New York, where he opened his own photography studio (1938). His work was featured in "Photographing New York City," an exhibition of Photo League photographers at the New School for Social Research in 1939. Despite his successful career as a photographer for numerous American magazines, Tietgens was interred as an enemy alien in Santa Fe, New Mexico, in 1942–43, during World War II. Naturalized in 1944, he continued to work as a commercial photographer through the fifties until 1964 when he began a second career as a painter, a pursuit that he followed until his death in 1984.
Provenance:
Bequest of Rolf Tietgens, 1985 [P23675-P23709] and gift of Keith De Lellis, 1987 [P23663-P23674].
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

Some photographs restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Rights:
NMAI does not own the copyright to these photographs. Permission to publish will need to be acquired from the Estate.
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Rolf Tietgens photographs, image #, NMAI.AC.336; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.336
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv47e6bd179-dc44-445b-93b9-b140165e5d85
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-336

From buffalo to beeves cattle and the political economy of the Oglala Lakota, 1750-1920 by Jeffrey D. Means

Author:
Means, Jeffrey D. 1963-  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 217 pages 23 cm
Type:
Books
Academic theses
Place:
South Dakota
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Date:
2007
19th century
20th century
Topic:
Oglala Indians--Economic conditions  Search this
Cattle trade--History  Search this
Economic conditions  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1110126

Organizing the Lakota : the political economy of the New Deal on the Pine Ridge and Rosebud Reservations / Thomas Biolsi

Author:
Biolsi, Thomas 1952-  Search this
Subject:
United States Indian Reorganization Act  Search this
Physical description:
xxii, 244 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Rosebud Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Date:
1992
©1992
Topic:
Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
Government relations  Search this
New Deal, 1933-1939  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_429729

Good Friday on the rez : a Pine Ridge odyssey / David Hugh Bunnell

Author:
Bunnell, David  Search this
Subject:
Bunnell, David Friends and associates  Search this
White Thunder, Vernell  Search this
Physical description:
xvi, 271 pages, 8 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations ; 22 cm
Type:
Biography
Autobiographies
Biographies
Place:
United States
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Date:
2017
Topic:
History  Search this
Indians, Treatment of  Search this
Indians of North America--Social conditions  Search this
Indians of North America--Civilization  Search this
Journalists  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1090673

Badlands / Lawrence Frank

Photographer:
Frank, Larry (Photographer)  Search this
Red Blanket, Charley 1899-  Search this
Subject:
Frank, Larry (Photographer)  Search this
Red Blanket, Charley 1899-  Search this
Physical description:
121 pages : illustrations, portraits ; 28 cm
Type:
Pictorial works
Place:
South Dakota
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Date:
2010
2017
20th century
Topic:
Oglala Indians--History  Search this
Documentary photography  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1081329

Views from the reservation / by John Willis ; with an essay by Kent Nerburn and contributions from the Oglala Lakota people

Photographer:
Willis, John 1957-  Search this
Writer of added text:
Nerburn, Kent 1946-  Search this
Contributor:
Oglala Sioux Tribe  Search this
Physical description:
181 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 29 cm + 1 audio disc (digital ; 4 3/4 in.)
Type:
Pictorial works
Documentary photography
Photobooks
Place:
South Dakota
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Date:
2010
Topic:
Oglala Indians  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1081315

Cante ohitika win (brave-hearted women) : images of Lakota women from the Pine Ridge Reservation, South Dakota / [compiled] by Carolyn Reyer ; with the writings of Beatrice Medicine and Debra Lynn White Plume ; photographs by Tom Casey, Jr., and Thomas Gleason

Author:
Reyer, Carolyn 1919-2009  Search this
Medicine, Beatrice  Search this
White Plume, Debra Lynn  Search this
Physical description:
viii, 88 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Date:
1991
Topic:
Oglala women  Search this
Oglala Indians--Social conditions  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1082988

Red Cloud : Oglala legend / John D. McDermott

Author:
McDermott, John D (John Dishon)  Search this
Subject:
Red Cloud 1822-1909  Search this
United States Office of Indian Affairs Pine Ridge Agency History  Search this
Physical description:
xv, 194 pages, 6 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations, portraits ; 21 cm
Type:
Biography
History
Place:
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Date:
2015
Topic:
Red Cloud's War, 1866-1867  Search this
Kings and rulers  Search this
Wars  Search this
Government relations  Search this
Black Hills War, 1876-1877  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1077562

Tragedy strikes at Wounded Knee

Author:
Spindler, Will H (Will Henry) 1899-  Search this
Physical description:
80 p. illus. 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Oglala Sioux Tribe of the Pine Ridge Reservation, South Dakota
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Date:
1955
C1955
Call number:
E99.O3 S63 1955
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_807397

Being Lakota : identity and tradition on Pine Ridge Reservation / Larissa Petrillo in collaboration with Melda and Lupe Trejo

Author:
Petrillo, Larissa  Search this
Trejo, Melda 1939-  Search this
Trejo, Lupe 1938-1999  Search this
Physical description:
xvi, 167 p., [6] p. of plates : ill., maps ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
South Dakota
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Date:
2007
C2007
Topic:
Ethnic identity  Search this
History  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_823638

Ruling Pine Ridge : Oglala Lakota politics from the IRA to Wounded Knee / Akim D. Reinhardt ; foreword by Clara Sue Kidwell

Author:
Reinhardt, Akim D  Search this
Subject:
United States Office of Indian Affairs Pine Ridge Agency History  Search this
Physical description:
xxviii, 274 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
South Dakota
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Date:
2007
C2007
20th century
Topic:
Government relations  Search this
Politics and government  Search this
History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_823903

"They treated us just like Indians" : the worlds of Bennett County, South Dakota / Paula L. Wagoner

Author:
Wagoner, Paula L  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 155 p. : ill., maps ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
South Dakota
Bennett County
Bennett County (S.D.)
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Date:
2002
C2002
Topic:
Bennett County (S.D.)--Social conditions  Search this
Legal status, laws, etc  Search this
Race relations  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_712381

The Lakota times

Physical description:
12 v. : ill. ; 58 cm
Type:
Newspapers
Place:
South Dakota
Great Plains
Pine Ridge (S.D.)
Martin (S.D.)
Shannon County (S.D.)
Rapid City (S.D.)
Pennington County (S.D.)
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Rosebud Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Todd County (S.D.)
Date:
1981
1992
1981-1992
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_743668

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