Skip to main content Smithsonian Institution

Search Results

Collections Search Center
19 documents - page 1 of 1

Gerrit Smith Miller, Jr., Papers

Creator::
Miller, Gerrit S. (Gerrit Smith), 1869-1956  Search this
Extent:
2.85 cu. ft. (2 document boxes) (1 16x20 box) (2 tall document boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Manuscripts
Black-and-white photographs
Date:
1908-1940
Descriptive Entry:
Gerrit Smith Miller, Jr.'s papers include personal material concerning awards and his investigation of Christian Science; material on mammalogical research including extensive correspondence with Michael Rogers Oldfield Thomas of the British Museum; and material on Miller's research with primates, especially the Piltdown Man and primate behavioral patterns.
Historical Note:
Gerrit Smith Miller, Jr., (1869-1956) was born in Peterboro, New York, and grew up on a large estate in central New York. In this relatively isolated setting and through the influence of his great uncle, an ornithologist, Miller developed an early interest in natural history. Following his graduation from Harvard in 1894, Miller joined the Biological Survey in the Department of Agriculture and worked under Clinton Hart Merriam. In 1898 he joined the United States National Museum as Assistant Curator of Mammals and in 1909 became Curator of that Division. He continued in that position until 1940 when he retired and remained as an Associate in biology at the Smithsonian Institution until his death.

Miller's major contributions to mammalogy were his series of checklists of North American mammals, 1901, 1912, and 1924; The Families and Genera of Bats, 1907; and the Catalogue of the Mammals of Western Europe in the Collection of the British Museum, 1912. He also was an early critic of the claimed discovery of the Piltdown Man in England. He published several papers on the controversy and corresponded with many of the principal investigators. Another of his fields of interest was primate behavioral patterns and their possible influence on the beginnings of human social development.
Topic:
Christian Science  Search this
Mammalogy  Search this
Mammalogists  Search this
Piltdown forgery  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Black-and-white photographs
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7173, Gerrit Smith Miller, Jr., Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7173
See more items in:
Gerrit Smith Miller, Jr., Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7173
Online Media:

Frank Spencer Papers

Creator:
Spencer, Frank, 1941-1999  Search this
Langham, Ian, 1942-1984  Search this
Names:
Dawson, Charles, 1864-1916  Search this
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943  Search this
Keith, Arthur, Sir, 1866-1955  Search this
Extent:
40 Linear feet (94 boxes, 1 oversized box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Piltdown (England) -- early man site
Date:
1836-1999
bulk 1970-1999
Summary:
Frank Spencer was a historian of biological anthropology who began his career as a medical laboratory technician. His papers include correspondence, manuscripts, notes, research files, teaching materials, photographs, and audiotapes. Spencer's research on the Piltdown hoax as well as the Piltdown research of Ian Langham, whose work Spencer continued after his death in 1984, and Spencer's research on the life and career of Aleš Hrdlička for his dissertation are both represented in the collection.
Scope and Contents:
This collection documents the research and professional activities of anthropologist Frank Spencer through his correspondence, manuscripts, notes, research files, teaching materials, photographs, and audiotapes. As a historian of physical anthropology, Spencer did a great deal of archival research. Well-represented in the collection is Spencer's research on the Piltdown hoax as well as the Piltdown research of Ian Langham, whose work Spencer continued after Langham's death in 1984. Among the materials collected are negatives of Piltdown-related papers and negatives of Sir Arthur Keith's papers held at the Royal College of Surgeons. Spencer, who theorized that Keith was behind the Piltdown hoax, had organized his papers with a grant from Wenner-Gren. Also represented in the collection is Spencer's research on the life and career of Aleš Hrdlička for his dissertation. Although most of Hrdlička's papers and photos that Spencer collected are copies of materials held at the National Anthropological Archives (NAA), the collection does contain original correspondence between Hrdlička and his first wife, Marie Strickler; his childhood report card from 1869; and copies of family photos obtained from Lucy Miller, Hrdlička's niece. The collection also contains an audio recording of Hrdlička speaking at Wistar Institute. Spencer's 1975 taped interviews with Henry Collins, Harry Shapiro, Ashley Montagu, and Lucille St. Hoyme can also be found in the collection. Other projects represented in the collection include A History of Physical Anthropology: An Encyclopedia, The Origins of Modern Humans: A World Survey of the Fossil Evidence, and Fallen Idols, Spencer's unpublished book on the history of scientific attitudes towards human origins. In addition, the collection contains copies of Physical Anthropology News, which Spencer co-founded and edited. Photos in the collection include images of Frank Spencer as well as of the 1981 and 1988 annual meetings of the Association of American Physical Anthropologists (AAPA) and the 1980 symposium Spencer and Noel T. Boaz organized on the history of American physical anthropology.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 15 series: (1) Correspondence, 1864, 1910, 1920, 1972-1999 (bulk 1972-1999); (2) Piltdown, 1836-1997; (3) Ales Hrdlicka, 1866-1867, 1893-1942, 1971-1981, 1994-1999; (4) Encyclopedia, 1881-1891, 1911-1999 (bulk 1991-1998); (5) Projects, 1858-1884, 1897-1909, 1919-1929, 1939-1999 (bulk 1982-1995); (6) Human Antiquity Research, 1960-1980, 1991-1998; (7) Subject Files, 1863-1999 (bulk 1970-1998); (8) Coded Files, 1836-1983 (bulk 1970-1983); (9) University Material, 1959, 1973-1998; (10) Personal Papers, 1966-1975, 1985-1994; (11) Notebooks, 1976-1999; (12) Card Files, undated; (13) Photographs, 1885-1990 (bulk 1980-1990); (14) Audiotapes, 1942, 1961, 1975-1976, 1998 (bulk 1975); (15) Realia, undated
Biographical Note:
Frank Spencer was born in Chatham, England, on May 1, 1941. Best known as a historian of biological anthropology and for his book Piltdown: A Scientific Forgery (1990), Spencer began his career as a medical laboratory technician, publishing two books on medical laboratory procedures in 1970 and 1972. He immigrated to Canada, where he earned his BA in anthropology at the University of Windsor in Ontario in 1973. The following year, he enrolled at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, with C. Loring Brace as his advisor. Spencer wrote his dissertation on the life and career of Aleš Hrdlička and was awarded his PhD in biological anthropology in 1979. That same year he joined the faculty of the Department of Anthropology at Queens College as an assistant professor and was soon promoted to department chair in 1984. Over the course of his career, he wrote and edited several books on the history of physical anthropology including A History of Physical Anthropology, 1930-1980 (1992), The Origins of Modern Humans: A World Survey of the Fossil Evidence (1984), Ecce Homo: An Annotated Bibliographic History of Physical Anthropology (1986), and History of Physical Anthropology: An Encyclopedia (1997). Spencer was also a co-founder and editor of the Physical Anthropology News bulletins. It was his book Piltdown: A Scientific Forgery, however, that garnered him the most attention. In this book, he theorized that the well-respected Sir Arthur Keith master-minded the Piltdown hoax. On May 30, 1999 Frank Spencer died of cancer at the age of 58.

1941 -- Born on May 1 in Chatham, Kent, England

1964 -- Obtained Associate diploma in Clinical Microbiology, [Britain], Institute of Medical Laboratory Sciences

1966 -- Fellowship diploma in Clinical Parasitology

1971 -- Advanced diploma in Clinical Biochemistry & Microbiology, Canadian Society of Medical Laboratory Technology

1973 -- BA (Anthropology) University of Windsor, Ontario, Canada

1974 -- MA (Biological Anthropology) University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

1976-1977 -- Adjunct Lecturer, Dept. of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Windsor

1979 -- PhD, University of Michigan Ann Arbor, "Biological Anthropology, Aleš Hrdlička, MD (1869-1943): A Chronicle of the Life and Work of an American Physical Anthropologist"

1979-1982 -- Hired as Assistant Professor, Dept. of Anthropology, Queens College

1982 -- Published A History of American Physical Anthropology, 1930-1980

1983 -- Associate Professor, Dept. of Anthropology, Queens College

1984 -- Published The Origins of Modern Humans: A World Survey of the Fossil Evidence

1986 -- Full professor, Dept. of Anthropology, Queens College Published Ecce Homo: An Annotated Bibliographic History of Physical Anthropology

1990 -- Published Piltdown: A Scientific Forgery Published The Piltdown Papers 1908-1955: The Correspondence and Other Documents Relating to the Forgery

1997 -- Published The History of Physical Anthropology: An Encyclopedia

1999 -- Passed away on May 30 of cancer
Related Materials:
Aleš Hrdlička papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Provenance:
Donated in 2002 by Elena Peters-Spencer, wife of Frank Spencer.
Restrictions:
To protect the privacy of individuals, some materials have been separated and access to them has been restricted.

Access to the Frank Spencer papers requires and appointment.
Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Physical anthropology -- History  Search this
Physical anthropology -- frauds  Search this
Crohn's disease  Search this
Piltdown forgery  Search this
anthropometry  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Citation:
Frank Spencer papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2002-21
See more items in:
Frank Spencer Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2002-21

Piltdown

Collection Creator:
Spencer, Frank, 1941-1999  Search this
Langham, Ian, 1942-1984  Search this
Extent:
5.35 Linear feet (12 boxes and 2 oversize folders)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1836-1997
Scope and Contents:
Spencer became interested in the Piltdown hoax while working on his dissertation after coming across a suggestive letter between Aleš Hrdlička, who was suspicious of the Piltdown specimens, and Sir Arthur Keith. Spencer began to research Keith's involvement in the Piltdown dig and specimen study, but in 1983 he learned that another researcher, a man named Ian Langham from the History and Philosophy of Science Program at Sydney University, was also pursuing the same topic and the same suspect. Spencer believed that Langham would soon publish his theory, and he backed away from his research until Langham's sudden death in 1984. At that time, Spencer took over his project and, with the cooperation of Langham's widow and colleagues, extended Langham's research and published their theory in 1990 in Piltdown: A Scientific Forgery. An accompanying volume of primary documents, The Piltdown Papers 1908-1955: The correspondence and other documents relating to the Piltdown Forgery, was also published.

This series contains correspondence, research notes and materials (including newspaper clippings, publications, letters, and other Piltdown documents), and papers related to the publication of the two Piltdown books—drafts, edits, press releases, and reviews. In 1983 Spencer received a grant from the Wenner-Gren Foundation to prepare the Sir Arthur Keith (SAK) papers at the Royal College of Surgeons (RCS), and thus also included are papers related to this project. Boxes 12-14 contain copies of scholarly and popular press articles related to Piltdown, arranged chronologically by Langham and Spencer. Some are annotated, and there are some pages of notes by Spencer and Langham interfiled. Other materials of special interest in the series are a movie script based on Spencer's Piltdown: A Scientific Forgery and a copy of an advance uncorrected proof of The Piltdown Confession, a novel by Irwin Schwartz.

The correspondence within this series primarily pertains to Piltdown research and book publication, but also includes some correspondence not related to Piltdown (regarding other projects on which Spencer was working during the same years). Included are a few letters between Ian Langham and Spencer, correspondence related to the transfer of Langham's research to Spencer after his death, and letters of Langham given to Spencer.

Since Spencer incorporated Langham's research into his books, many of the research notes and documents were prepared and annotated by Langham. In order to help researchers, some of the folders are marked "IL" and/or "FS" in order to distinguish Spencer's notes from Langham's. There are also handwriting samples in box 7, directly following the correspondence. Some of Langham's Piltdown correspondence is also included, as well as some of Langham's papers concerning other research projects, including work related to his dissertation for his PhD in the History of Science from Princeton University on British social anthropology (later published in 1981 as "The Building of British Social Anthropology") and biographical information about him.

Additional materials relating to Spencer's Piltdown research can be found in Series 7: Subject Files, Series 13: Photographs, and Series 14: Audiotapes. Please also see Series 5: Projects, Sub-series 5.1: Brixham Cave Project.
Arrangement:
This series is arranged by topic. Documents within folders are arranged chronologically, with undated documents at the back. Correspondence is arranged alphabetically by correspondent.
Collection Restrictions:
To protect the privacy of individuals, some materials have been separated and access to them has been restricted.

Access to the Frank Spencer papers requires and appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Frank Spencer papers, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2002-21, Series 2
See more items in:
Frank Spencer Papers
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-2002-21-ref87

The Piltdown hoax and human evolution : new light on the impact of Sir Arthur Keith, Ian Langham, Raymond Dart and Australopithecus / Phillip V. Tobias

Author:
Tobias, Phillip V  Search this
University of Sydney Department of Anatomy  Search this
Physical description:
39 p. : ill., ports. ; 30 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1992
C1992
Topic:
Piltdown forgery  Search this
Australopithecines  Search this
Physical anthropologists  Search this
Human evolution  Search this
Call number:
GN282.5 .T62 1992
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_824643

The Piltdown man hoax

Author:
British Museum (Natural History)  Search this
Physical description:
[8] p. : ill. ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1975
Topic:
Piltdown forgery  Search this
Call number:
GN282.5 .P55 1975
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_707549

The great Piltdown hoax / by William L. Strauss

Author:
Straus, William L (William Louis) 1900-  Search this
Physical description:
p. 363-371, 2 p. of plates ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1955
Topic:
Piltdown forgery  Search this
Call number:
GN282.5 .S72 1955
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_714703

The Piltdown forgery / J.S. Weiner ; with a new introduction and afterword by Chris Stringer

Author:
Weiner, J. S (Joseph Sidney) 1915-  Search this
Physical description:
xix, 212 p. : ill. ; 20 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
2003
1955
Topic:
Piltdown forgery  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_773923

The Piltdown forgery / J.S. Weiner

Author:
Weiner, J. S (Joseph Sidney) 1915-1982  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 214 pages, [8] pages of plates : illustrations ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1980
1955
Topic:
Piltdown forgery  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_607220

Supplementary note on the discovery of a paleolithic human skull and mandible at Piltdown (Sussex) / by Charles Dawson and Arthur Smith Woodward ; with an appendix by Grafton Elliot Smith

Author:
Dawson, Charles 1864-1916  Search this
Woodward, Arthur Smith 1864-1944  Search this
Smith, Grafton Elliot 1871-1937  Search this
Physical description:
p. [81]-99 : ill. ; 30 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1914
Topic:
Piltdown forgery  Search this
Call number:
GN282.5 .D39 1914
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_682984

The Piltdown men / by Ronald Millar

Author:
Millar, Ronald William 1928-  Search this
Physical description:
264 p. : ill. ; 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1972
C1972
Topic:
Piltdown forgery  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_699729

Unraveling Piltdown : the science fraud of the century and its solution / John Evangelist Walsh

Author:
Walsh, John Evangelist 1927-  Search this
Physical description:
xx, 279 p., [8] p. of plates : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1996
C1996
Topic:
Piltdown forgery--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_509718

Mathematics, science, and postclassical theory / Barbara Herrnstein Smith and Arkady Plotnitsky, editors

Title:
Mathematics, science & postclassical theory
Author:
Smith, Barbara Herrnstein  Search this
Plotnitsky, Arkady  Search this
Physical description:
vi, 279 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1997
Topic:
Science  Search this
Mathematics  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_530541

The Piltdown papers, 1908-1955 : the correspondence and other documents relating to the Piltdown forgery / Frank Spencer

Author:
Spencer, Frank 1941-  Search this
Physical description:
xii, 282 p. : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1990
Topic:
Piltdown forgery  Search this
Call number:
GN282.5.S64 1990X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_414483

Piltdown : a scientific forgery / Frank Spencer

Author:
Spencer, Frank 1941-  Search this
Physical description:
xxvi, 272 p. : ill. ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1990
Topic:
Piltdown forgery  Search this
Piltdown man  Search this
Call number:
GN282.5.S63 1990X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_415598

The Piltdown forgery

Author:
Weiner, J. S (Joseph Sidney) 1915-  Search this
Subject:
Dawson, Charles 1864-1916  Search this
Physical description:
xxi, 214 p. illus., plates 20 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1955
Topic:
Piltdown forgery  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_470040

The Piltdown inquest / Charles Blinderman

Author:
Blinderman, Charles 1931-  Search this
Physical description:
261 p. : ill. ; 24 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1986
C1986
Topic:
Piltdown forgery--History  Search this
Call number:
GN282.5.B55 1986X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_306621

The Piltdown fantasy

Author:
Vere, Francis  Search this
Subject:
Dawson, Charles 1864-1916  Search this
Woodward, Arthur Smith 1864-1944  Search this
Physical description:
xvii, 120 p. map. 19 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1955
[1955]
Topic:
Piltdown forgery  Search this
Call number:
GN75.P5 V48
GN75.P5V48
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_120387

The earliest Englishman / by Arthur Smith Woodward

Author:
Woodward, Arthur Smith 1864-1944  Search this
Physical description:
xviii, 118 p. : ill ; 17 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1948
Topic:
Piltdown forgery  Search this
Call number:
GN282.5 .W66 1948
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_936258

The solution of the Piltdown problem / by J.S. Weiner, K.P. Oakley and W.E. Le Gros Clark

Author:
Weiner, J. S (Joseph Sidney) 1915-  Search this
Oakley, Kenneth Page 1911-  Search this
Clark, Wilfrid E. Le Gros (Wilfrid Edward Le Gros) 1895-1971  Search this
Physical description:
[139]-146 p., 2 leaves of plates : ill ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1953
Topic:
Piltdown forgery  Search this
Call number:
GN282.5 .W465 1953
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_951834

Modify Your Search







or


Narrow By