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McKenney and Hall's History of the Indian Tribes of North America folios and lithographs

Creator:
McKenney, Thomas L. (Thomas Loraine), 1785-1859  Search this
Hall, James, 1793-1868  Search this
Former owner:
Biddle, Edward C., 1808-1893  Search this
King, Charles Bird, 1785-1862  Search this
Extent:
20 Volumes
120 Lithographs
Culture:
Sauk  Search this
Meskwaki (Fox)  Search this
Shawnee  Search this
Osage  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Mississippi Choctaw  Search this
Mdewakantonwan Dakota (Mdewakanton Sioux)  Search this
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago)  Search this
Oto  Search this
Seneca  Search this
Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee)  Search this
Yanktonnai Nakota (Yankton Sioux)  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Omaha  Search this
Iowa  Search this
Sac and Fox  Search this
Oklahoma Cherokee  Search this
Lenape (Delaware)  Search this
Numakiki (Mandan)  Search this
Euchee (Yuchi)  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Mohawk  Search this
Menominee (Menomini)  Search this
Quatsino Kwakwaka'wakw  Search this
Odawa (Ottawa)  Search this
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]  Search this
Powhatan  Search this
Kaw (Kansa)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Volumes
Lithographs
Date:
1836-1844
Summary:
This collection contains all 20 original folios of Thomas Loraine Mckenney and James Hall's History of the Indian Tribes of North America, with biographical sketches and anecdotes of the principal chiefs. The folios were published and sent to subscribers between 1836-1844 and include 120 hand-colored lithographic plates. As Superintendent of Indian Affairs from 1824-1830, McKenney commissioned and collected portraits of Native American leaders, the majority painted by Charles Bird King. These portraits, along with biographical text by James Hall, form the basis of History of the Indian Tribes of North America.
Scope and Contents:
This collection includes all 20 folios of Thomas Loraine Mckenney and James Hall's History of the Indian Tribes of North America, with biographical sketches and anecdotes of the principal chiefs in their original wrappers. Each folio includes six hand-colored lithographic plates along with biographical essays on Native American leaders, both men and women, from the early 19th century.

Native Communities represented in these volumes include—Sauk, Meskwaki (Fox), Shawnee, Osage, Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa), Mississippi Choctaw, Mdewakantonwan Dakota (Mdewakanton Sioux), Eastern Band of Cherokee, Ho-Chunk (Winnebago), Oto, Seneca, Chaticks Si Chaticks (Pawnee), Yanktonnai Nakota, Muskogee (Creek), Omaha, Iowa, Sac and Fox (Sauk and Fox), Oklahoma Cherokee, Lenape (Delaware), Numakiki (Mandan), Euchee (Yuchi), Potawatomi, Seminole, Mohawk, Menominee (Menomini), Quatsino Kwakwaka'wakw, Odawa (Ottawa), Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana], Powhatan, Kaw (Kansa).

The lithographs were cataloged individually with P (print) numbers P27694-P27813, though not physically separated from their volumes.
Please note that the language and terminology used in this collection reflects the context and culture of the time of its creation, and may include culturally sensitive information. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
Arranged by foilio number.
Biographical / Historical:
Thomas Loraine McKenney was born in 1785 to a family of Quakers in Hopewell, Maryland. Following the abolition of the U.S. Indian Trade program in 1822, McKenney (1785-1859) was appointed to the new position of Superintendent of Indian Affairs, which he held from 1824-1830. During his time as Superintendent of Indian trade in Georgetown, McKenney hired the painter Charles Bird King and began developing a governmental collection of portraits of prominent Native chiefs and elders who visited Washington. Between 1821-1842, King painted over 100 portraits with some assistance from friend and student George Cook.

Following his dismissal from the War Department by President Andrew Jackson in 1830, McKenney moved to Philadelphia to begin the process of getting his collection of portraits reproduced as lithographs with original hand coloring. The publication would document the extensive collection of King paints, many of which were later lost in a fire that destroyed part of the Smithsonian castle in January 1865.

This process was aided by Edward C. Biddle, a Philadelphia printer, who published the first volume (parts 1-6) in 1836 of what would be a three-volume set of 20 folios. James Hall (1793-1868), a judge and known writer, was hired to write text based on McKenney's research. Later parts were published between 1836-1844 by Frederick W. Greenough (parts 7-13), J.T. Bowen (part 14), and by Daniel Rice and James G. Clark (15-20). Several octavo editions were later published.
Provenance:
Provenance is unknown, part of the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation collection when the MAI became the NMAI in 1989.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Indians of North America  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lithographs -- 19th century
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); McKenney and Hall's History of the Indian Tribes of North America folios and lithographs image #, NMAI.AC.115; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.115
See more items in:
McKenney and Hall's History of the Indian Tribes of North America folios and lithographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv49af79ce9-3723-4fb9-80b6-18ecfc5fb97a
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-115
Online Media:

Captain Allyn Capron photograph collection

Creator:
Capron, Allyn K.  Search this
Extent:
108 Photographic prints
8 Copy negatives
Culture:
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Assiniboine (Stoney)  Search this
Southern Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Kiowa  Search this
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]  Search this
Apache  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Cayuse  Search this
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
Umatilla  Search this
Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Warm Springs Chiricahua Apache (New Mexico)  Search this
Southern Plains  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Copy negatives
Place:
Fort Sill (Okla.)
Nebraska
North Dakota
Oklahoma
Alabama
Date:
1872-1900
Summary:
This collection includes prints and photographic negatives collected by Captain Allyn K. Capron. Many of the photographs were taken in the Fort Sill area in Oklahoma throughout Capron's time serving there. While a few of these photographs depict Capron, the majority of the Fort Sill photographs feature Native American prisoners of war. This collection also contains portraits taken by Frank A. Rinehart and Adolph F. Muhr during the 1898 U.S. Indian Congress of the Trans Mississippi and International Exposition in Omaha, Nebraska. In addition, this collection contains rare photographs from a 1900 Niimíipuu (Nez Perce) and Umatilla delegation visit led by Chief Joseph to Washington, DC. Additional assorted photographs, which were collected by Capron and taken among several communities in Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Alabama, and Florida by various photographers, are also included.

The communities represented within this collection include the Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke), Assiniboine (Stoney), Southern Inunaina (Arapaho), Kiowa, Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana], Apache, Chiricahua Apache, Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux), Cayuse, Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux), Niimíipuu (Nez Perce), Umatilla, Potawatomi, Warm Springs Chiricahua Apache (New Mexico), Southern Plains, and Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux), with a few individuals identified simply as Sioux.
Scope and Contents:
This collection includes photographic prints and negatives collected by Capron and arranged into four series.

Series 1: Fort Sill and surrounding areas, 1885-1896, includes 6 copy negatives and 73 photographic prints. These photographs were taken by George A. Addison (George Anthony Addison), Ella M. Roff (Ellen M. Roff/E. M. Roff), and unknown photographers in Alabama and Oklahoma,in Fort Sill and surrounding areas, between 1885-1896. Some notable scenes include Geronimo and his family, individuals rounding up calves, non-native soldiers, Kiowa tipis, Niuam (Comanche) men shooting bows, the 12th Infantry of Apache Indians, and the Fort Sill Commanding Officers' quarters. Captain Allyn Capron is pictured in a few of the Fort Sill photographs. The indigenous communities depicted include the Southern Plains, Chiricahua Apache, Apache, Warm Springs Chiricahua Apache (New Mexico), Niuam (Comanche), Kiowa, and Potawatomi.

Series 2: Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition, 1898, includes 1 copy negative and 7 photographic prints taken in Omaha, Nebraska by Frank A. Rinehart and Adolph F. Muhr in 1898. The photographs depict scenes from the Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition and include portraits of individuals belonging to the Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke), Assiniboine (Stoney), Southern Inunaina (Arapaho), Kiowa, Chiricahua Apache, Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux) communities, with a few individuals identified only as Sioux. A delegation of Apache prisoners of war, including Geronimo, were brought from Fort Sill to attend the exposition.

Series 3: Assorted Photographs by Various Photographers, 1872-1900, includes includes 1 copy negative and 28 photographic prints taken by Frank A. Rinehart, Adolph F. Muhr, Alexander Gardner, David F. Barry (David Francis Barry/D. F. Barry), and unknown photographers throughout the United States between 1872-1900. This series contains photographs taken among the Sioux, Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana], Apache, Chiricahua Apache, Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke), Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux), Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux), Nimi'ipuu (Nez Perce), Umatilla, Nimi'ipuu (Nez Perce), and Cayuse communities. The locations for the shoots include Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Alabama, Florida, and Washington, DC. The subjects of this series include individual portraits, communities, and landscapes, with notable individuals including Naiche (Natchez), Goyathlay (Geronimo), Chief John Grass (Pe-ji or Pah-Zhe), and Theodore Roosevelt.

Series 4: Niimíipuu (Nez Perce) and Umatilla delegation visit to Washington, D.C.,1900, includes 8 rare photographic prints of a joint Niimíipuu (Nez Perce) and Umatilla delegation visit to Washington, D.C. in 1900. The delegates appearing in this series includes Cayuse delegate Chief Paul Showaway and Niimíipuu (Nez Perce) delegates Chief Joseph (Hin-mah-too-yah-lat-kekt), Stephen J. Reuben, and Chief Peo Peo Tholekt (Peopeotahlikt/Peo Peo T'olikt/Peo-Peo-Ta-Lakt/George Peo-peo-tah-likt/Bird Alighting). Stephen J. Reuben was Chief Joseph's nephew, and acted as an interpreter for this visit. This series was possibly photographed outside of 1111 Masachussets Avenue, Washington, D.C. Additional identifications were provided by Nakia Williamson-Cloud, Nez Perce Tribe Cultural Resource Program, 2003.

Copy negatives include N21545, N37515-N37518, N41416, N41418, N41459. Photographic prints include P13092-P13095, P13097, P3101-P13203.
Arrangement:
Arranged intellectually into four series. Series 1: Fort Sill and surrounding areas, 1885-1896; Series 2: Trans-Mississippi International Exposition, 1898; Series 3: Assorted Photographs by Various Photographers, 1872-1900; Series 4: Niimíipuu (Nez Perce) and Umatilla delegation visit to Washington, D.C., 1900.
Biographical / Historical:
Captain Allyn K. Capron, a graduate of West Point, was a Rough Rider who served as Lieutenant and Captain in the U.S. Army. In 1886, Geronimo and 341 other Chiricahua Apache prisoners of war were captured and brought to Fort Sill in Oklahoma. It was here that Capron served under Hugh L. Scott, who was in charge of Geronimo's band of Apache Indians from 1894 to 1897. As a lieutenant, between 1895-1896, Capron commanded Troop L of the Seventh Cavalry, U.S.A at Fort Sill; this unit consisted entirely of Apache Indians. He was in charge also of Geronimo, whom he often quoted within his letters written from Fort Sill. Capron died from the effects of exposure during the Spanish American War in 1898.
Provenance:
Gift of Agness Kissam Capron, wife of Captain Allyn Capron, 1938.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Captain Allyn Capron photograph collection, image #, NMAI.AC.152; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.152
See more items in:
Captain Allyn Capron photograph collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4175d9458-c760-4150-a67c-c4b5a765cd43
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-152

Assorted Photographs by Various Photographers, 1872-1900

Collection Creator:
Capron, Allyn K.  Search this
Extent:
20 Photographic prints
1 Copy negative
Culture:
Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]  Search this
Apache  Search this
Chiricahua Apache  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
Umatilla  Search this
Cayuse  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Copy negatives
Scope and Contents:
This series includes 1 copy negative and 20 photographic prints taken by Frank A. Rinehart, Adolph F. Muhr, Alexander Gardner, David F. Barry (David Francis Barry/D. F. Barry), and unknown photographers throughout the United States between 1872-1900. This series contains photographs taken among the Sioux, Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana], Apache, Chiricahua Apache, Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke), Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux), Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux), Nimi'ipuu (Nez Perce), Umatilla, Nimi'ipuu (Nez Perce), and Cayuse communities. The locations for the shoots include Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Alabama, Florida, and Washington, DC. The subjects of this series include individual portraits, communities, and landscapes, with notable individuals including Naiche (Natchez), Goyathlay (Geronimo), Chief John Grass (Pe-ji or Pah-Zhe), and Theodore Roosevelt.

Copy negatives include N41459. Photographic prints include P13094, P13102, P13103, P13106, P13118, P13120, P13129, P13164, P13165-P13173, P13177, P13194, P13195. Photographic prints P13099 and P13100 are missing.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Captain Allyn Capron photograph collection, image #, NMAI.AC.152; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.152, Series 3
See more items in:
Captain Allyn Capron photograph collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4b92c07b7-2e39-4754-a2e1-9389ffd88f09
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-152-ref3

Chief Mountain, Blackfeet

Collection Creator:
Capron, Allyn K.  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Culture:
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Date:
1898
Scope and Contents:
Photograph depicting a man wearing traditional clothing, standing outside, and holding a shield. The man is likely Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]. Photograph taken by Frank A. Rinehart or his assistant Adolph F. Muhr at the U.S. Indian Congress of the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition in Omaha, Nebraska, 1898.
Related Materials:
P28461 in NMAI.AC.118 depicts this same individual in a different pose.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Captain Allyn Capron photograph collection, image #, NMAI.AC.152; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.152, Item P13094
See more items in:
Captain Allyn Capron photograph collection
Captain Allyn Capron photograph collection / Series 2: Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition, 1898
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4b204cd19-9962-4b2f-8c3b-c4f5107029a4
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-152-ref6

Frank Lehner photographs of Buffalo Bill's Wild West show

Creator:
Lehner, Frank  Search this
Seiling, J.  Search this
Braithwaite, Charles Henry  Search this
Names:
Buffalo Bill, 1846-1917  Search this
Ludwig, King of Bavaria, III, 1845-1921  Search this
Extent:
0.25 Linear feet
43 Photographs
Culture:
Sioux  Search this
Inunaina (Arapaho)  Search this
Apsáalooke (Crow/Absaroke)  Search this
Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)  Search this
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Germany -- Bavaria -- Munich
Date:
bulk 1868-1926
Summary:
This collection consists of 38 photographic prints of Native and non-Native peoples involved with Buffalo Bill's Wild West show, primarily in the years 1890-1891.
Scope and Contents:
The Frank Lehner photographs of Buffalo Bill's Wild West show collection consists of 38 photographic prints (and 5 copy negatives created at a later date by the NMAI staff). The images portray Native and non-Native peoples involved with Buffalo Bill's Wild West show primarily in the years 1890-1891, and include a number of publicity and studio portrait shots. Notable photographs include King Ludwig III of Bavaria and his daughter, Princess Maria Ludwiga Theresia of Bavaria, visiting with and even photographing some of the Wild West performers in Munich, Germany, in 1890. Although the bulk of the photographs date to either 1890 or 1891, images in the collection encompass a time period of approximatey a half-century, from 1876 to 1926.

The specific identity of the photographers of these images is not certain. While these photographs have historically been attributed to Frank Lehner, it is more likely that he was the collector rather than the photographer. It appears that at least one image (P10215) was probably taken by Bavarian Royal Court Photographer J. Seiling, and one image (P10192) or possibly two (P10193) were taken by Charles Henry Braithwaite, a portrait photographer in Leeds, England, in 1891.
Arrangement:
The materials in this collection are organized into folders.
Biographical / Historical:
William F. "Buffalo Bill" Cody opened the first Wild West show in Omaha, Nebraska, in 1883. Within four years the fame of the Wild West had grown so great that Cody took his fellow performers on an international tour of Europe, performing between 1887 and 1906 in the United Kingdom, France, Spain, Germany, Italy, Austria, and a host of other countries.

Undeniably, Cody's Wild West constructed and promoted inaccurate views of Native Americans, defining "real Indians" as only those who lived in tipis, rode horses, and wore feather headdresses. Such stereotypes have sadly been perpetuated in dime novels, television shows, and major motion pictures down to the present, ignoring the staggering cultural diversity of the Indigenous peoples of North America.

In spite of the Wild West show's culpability in creating and perpetuating narrow views of who Native peoples are and what they look like, several recent scholars have argued that there were some upsides for those Native Americans who chose to perform with this traveling show. One of the major bonuses was the relative freedom Wild West performers experienced compared with their community members who had to remain on the reservations. L.G. Moses in Wild West Shows and the Images of American Indians, 1883-1933 and Michelle Delaney in Buffalo Bill's Wild West Warriors both note Native performers' opportunities to not only see the world and earn an income, but also to practice their beliefs and live their days free from the interference of the ever-present missionaries, politicians, and BIA agents back at home.

In addition, Wild West performers experienced opportunities otherwise unimaginable to many Americans of their day, including being presented to Queen Victoria at her Golden Jubilee in London in 1887, attending the 1889 World's Fair in Paris with its debut of the newly constructed Eiffel Tower, and having their photograph taken by the daughter of the future King of Bavaria, Ludwig III, in Munich in 1890.
Provenance:
This collection was exchanged with Frank Lehner in 1932.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Wild west shows  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; 1890; Frank Lehner photographs of Buffalo Bill's Wild West show, NMAI.AC.147; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.147
See more items in:
Frank Lehner photographs of Buffalo Bill's Wild West show
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv45af73618-484f-415b-9dcf-7d8e31b35291
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-147
Online Media:

Elmer E. Higley collection

Topic:
Methodist Episcopal Church
Higley, Elmer Ellsworth
Creator:
Higley, Elmer Ellsworth  Search this
Extent:
534 Lantern slides
0.2 Linear feet
Culture:
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]  Search this
Nooksack  Search this
Tulalip  Search this
Haida  Search this
Tlingit  Search this
Kalispel (Pend d'Oreilles)  Search this
Wasco  Search this
Yakama (Yakima)  Search this
Mohawk  Search this
Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Pueblo  Search this
American Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Lantern slides
Date:
bulk circa 1900-1968
Summary:
This collection consists of 534 glass lantern slides depicting Indigenous groups throughout North America. It also includes a small number of publications written by Elmer E. Higley and others about Native Americans and missionary work during the early twentieth century.
Scope and Contents:
The Elmer E. Higley collection consists of both Lantern Slides and Printed Materials. Series 1: Lantern Slides, 1900-1924, includes 534 glass lantern slides, many hand-colored. The lantern slides were used by Higley in lectures to promote his missionary and reform work with the Joint Committee on Indian Work of the Methodist Episcopal Church, of which he was the Superintendent from 1919 to 1923. While Higley was the photographer of some of the lantern slide images, specifically those taken in Mesa Verde, the majority of the photographs were not taken by Higley, but rather collected by him for use in his lectures as he traveled around the country. Series 2: Printed Materials, 1914-1968, includes a small number of early twentieth-century publications written by Higley and others about Native Americans and missionary work in the United States during this time.
Please note that the language and terminology used in this collection reflects the context and culture of the time of its creation, and may include culturally sensitive information. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged into two series. Series 1: Lantern Slides, 1900-1924 and Series 2: Printed Materials, 1914-1968.
Biographical / Historical:
Elmer Ellsworth Higley was born in Ohio in 1867. He attended high school and college in northwestern Pennsylvania before marrying Alice C. Dowler in 1892. Higley later also attended the Drew Theological Seminary and afterwards worked as a pastor in a number of Methodist churches around the country. In approximately 1919 Higley was appointed Superintendent of the Joint Committee on Indian Work of the Methodist Episcopal Church, with his office based in Chicago, Illinois. Employed in this work until 1923, Higley traveled the United States, visiting Native reservations and promoting Christian reform efforts for American Indian education. While traveling, Higley frequently presented illustrated lectures on his missionary work to audiences, using the glass lantern slides now residing in the collections of the National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. In the years after 1923, Higley continued as a pastor in both Ames, Iowa, and Evanston, Illinois, the latter where he eventually died in 1931.
Provenance:
Gift of Mrs. R. S. Jensen and Family in 2018 and 2019.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Some photographs in this colletion are restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Topic:
Missionaries  Search this
cliff dwellings -- Colorado -- Mesa Verde National Park  Search this
Methodist church buildings  Search this
Missions -- Mission School  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Elmer E. Higley collection, NMAI.AC.228; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.228
See more items in:
Elmer E. Higley collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv45ca4b0f8-01c2-4114-b663-3d3cb3d59f0c
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-228
Online Media:

Portrait photograph of an unidentified Native American man, possibly Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]

Collection Creator:
Lehner, Frank  Search this
Seiling, J.  Search this
Braithwaite, Charles Henry  Search this
Extent:
1 Photographic print
Container:
Photo-folder 8
Culture:
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Date:
1890
Scope and Contents:
Photographic portrait of an unidentified Native American man, possibly Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana].
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; 1890; Frank Lehner photographs of Buffalo Bill's Wild West show, NMAI.AC.147; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.147, Item P10223
See more items in:
Frank Lehner photographs of Buffalo Bill's Wild West show
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4ff2b5ebe-5847-47f5-8826-fd7aab0caec6
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-147-ref36

Cradleboard

Culture/People:
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Donna Crawford (Rides at the Door), Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]  Search this
Presenter/funding source:
The Greenwich Workshop, Inc.  Search this
Seller:
Donna Crawford (Rides at the Door), Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]  Search this
Object Name:
Cradleboard
Media/Materials:
Cotton cloth, commercially tanned leather, glass bead/beads
Techniques:
Sewn, overlay beadwork, edge beaded
Dimensions:
87 x 27.8 x 37.8 cm
Object Type:
Transportation Items: Baby carriers
Place:
Browning, Blackfeet Reservation; Glacier County; Montana; USA
Date created:
1996
Catalog Number:
25/4616
Barcode:
254616.000
See related items:
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]
Transportation Items: Baby carriers
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws62f6ac27f-a23c-460b-86e4-d2825d4d062f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_270574
Online Media:

Bear Dreams

Culture/People:
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Deborah Magee (Na-too-aki [Sacred Woman]/Deborah Magee Sherer), Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana], b. 1955  Search this
Seller:
Custer Battlefield Trading Post  Search this
Previous owner:
Custer Battlefield Trading Post  Search this
Title:
Bear Dreams
Object Name:
Man's shirt
Media/Materials:
Deerhide/deerskin, glass bead/beads, wool cloth, horsehair, paint, metal cones, thread
Techniques:
Sewn, painted, lazy/lane stitch beadwork
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments
Place:
Keizer; Marion County; Oregon; USA
Date created:
1999-2000
Catalog Number:
25/5185
Barcode:
255185.000
See related items:
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]
Clothing/Garments
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6f9b7a6a9-c0b5-421e-ac72-5205f0d6901a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_271047
Online Media:

Poster for Museum of the Plains Indian

Culture/People:
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Victor Pepion, Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana], 1908-1956  Search this
Previous owner:
Indian Arts and Crafts Board, Department of the Interior (IACB), 1935-  Search this
Title:
Poster for Museum of the Plains Indian
Object Name:
Painting
Media/Materials:
Paperboard, watercolor
Techniques:
Painted
Dimensions:
55.4 x 35.5 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Browning, Blackfeet Reservation; Glacier County; Montana; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1941-1942
Catalog Number:
26/2386
Barcode:
262386.000
See related items:
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws66965962a-dd2a-4962-86ba-e572a36b7bcb
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_278496

Male doll

Culture/People:
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Augusta Schildt Waltz, Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana], 1892-1975  Search this
Donor:
Earl Livermore, Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)  Search this
Previous owner:
Earl Livermore, Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)  Search this
Object Name:
Male doll
Media/Materials:
Deerhide/deerskin, glass bead/beads, feather/feathers, yarn, paint
Techniques:
Sewn, loom beadwork, braided, painted
Dimensions:
27 x 12 x 4 cm
Object Type:
Games, Toys, Gambling: Dolls
Place:
Browning, Blackfeet Reservation; Glacier County; Montana; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1940-1975
Catalog Number:
26/2689
Barcode:
262689.000
See related items:
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)
Games, Toys, Gambling: Dolls
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6f81375be-1feb-46a7-9cd4-3e557dffdea0
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_278808
Online Media:

Female doll

Culture/People:
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Augusta Schildt Waltz, Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana], 1892-1975  Search this
Donor:
Earl Livermore, Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)  Search this
Previous owner:
Earl Livermore, Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)  Search this
Object Name:
Female doll
Media/Materials:
Deerhide/deerskin, glass bead/beads, yarn, synthetic fabric, nylon monofilament, paint
Techniques:
Sewn, loom beadwork, braided, painted
Dimensions:
5 x 9.5 x 20 cm
Object Type:
Games, Toys, Gambling: Dolls
Place:
Browning, Blackfeet Reservation; Glacier County; Montana; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1940-1975
Catalog Number:
26/2690
Barcode:
262690.000
See related items:
Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan)
Games, Toys, Gambling: Dolls
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6f06cb928-7d8c-47c1-a08f-4f0bf3bbd369
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_278809
Online Media:

Mask sculpture

Culture/People:
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Jackie Larson Bread (Jackie Bread), Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana], b. 1960  Search this
Donor:
R. E. Mansfield (Richard E. Mansfield), Non-Indian, 1937-2007  Search this
Collector:
R. E. Mansfield (Richard E. Mansfield), Non-Indian, 1937-2007  Search this
Previous owner:
R. E. Mansfield (Richard E. Mansfield), Non-Indian, 1937-2007  Search this
Object Name:
Mask sculpture
Media/Materials:
Glass bead/beads, abalone/haliotis shell, horsehair, feather/feathers, metal brooches, bone hairpipe/hairpipes
Techniques:
Overlay beadwork, tied
Dimensions:
4 x 23 x 46 cm
Object Type:
Works of Art (Other)
Place:
Conrad; Pondera County; Montana; USA
Date created:
1994
Catalog Number:
26/4263
Barcode:
264263.000
See related items:
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]
Works of Art (Other)
On View:
NMAI, New York, NY: Ancestral Connections, East Wall
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws62e4a4dbc-4347-4da3-b1fb-ae42cce7b722
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_280433
Online Media:

Traveling Through Indian Country

Culture/People:
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Jackie Larson Bread (Jackie Bread), Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana], b. 1960  Search this
Donor:
R. E. Mansfield (Richard E. Mansfield), Non-Indian, 1937-2007  Search this
Previous owner:
R. E. Mansfield (Richard E. Mansfield), Non-Indian, 1937-2007  Search this
Title:
Traveling Through Indian Country
Object Name:
Bag
Media/Materials:
Deerhide/deerskin, glass bead/beads, metal cones, horsehair
Techniques:
Sewn, lazy/lane stitch beadwork
Dimensions:
29 x 46 x 5 cm
Object Type:
Works of Art (Other)
Place:
Conrad; Pondera County; Montana; USA
Date created:
1994
Catalog Number:
26/4265
Barcode:
264265.000
See related items:
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]
Works of Art (Other)
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws63b1b7fad-405e-47af-af18-c0ddabb5275e
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_280435
Online Media:

Bag with portrait of White Quiver (ca. 1850-1931)

Culture/People:
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Jackie Larson Bread (Jackie Bread), Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana], b. 1960  Search this
Donor:
R. E. Mansfield (Richard E. Mansfield), Non-Indian, 1937-2007  Search this
Previous owner:
R. E. Mansfield (Richard E. Mansfield), Non-Indian, 1937-2007  Search this
Subject:
White Quiver (Ksiks Unopachis), Pikuni Blackfeet (Piegan), ca. 1850-1931  Search this
Object Name:
Bag with portrait of White Quiver (ca. 1850-1931)
Media/Materials:
Hide, glass bead/beads, brass bell/bells, satin
Techniques:
Sewn, overlay beadwork, edge beaded, fringed
Dimensions:
54 x 16 x 3 cm
Object Type:
Bags/Pouches (and parts)
Place:
Conrad; Pondera County; Montana; USA
Date created:
circa 1995
Catalog Number:
26/4271
Barcode:
264271.000
See related items:
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]
Bags/Pouches (and parts)
On View:
NMAI, New York, NY: Ancestral Connections, East Wall
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws66dbf0b66-fade-4032-99c5-2a6c20970b47
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_280472
Online Media:

Fancy Dancer VI

Culture/People:
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Francis Wall, Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]  Search this
Donor:
R. E. Mansfield (Richard E. Mansfield), Non-Indian, 1937-2007  Search this
Previous owner:
R. E. Mansfield (Richard E. Mansfield), Non-Indian, 1937-2007  Search this
Title:
Fancy Dancer VI
Object Name:
Sculpture
Media/Materials:
Metal, wood, glass bead/beads
Techniques:
Cut, welded, nailed, edge beaded , overlay beadwork
Dimensions:
48 x 37 x 65 cm
Object Type:
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Place:
Helena; Lewis and Clark County; Montana; USA
Date created:
circa 1990
Catalog Number:
26/4312
Barcode:
264312.000
See related items:
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]
Sculpture/Carving/Figures
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6de5162da-95e7-4896-a2ea-f94b40cc1480
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_280513
Online Media:

Napi Gives People Life

Culture/People:
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Darrell L. Norman (Ee-Nees-Too-Wah-See [Growing Like a Buffalo]), Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana], b. 1943  Search this
Previous owner:
R. E. Mansfield (Richard E. Mansfield), Non-Indian, 1937-2007  Search this
Donor:
R. E. Mansfield (Richard E. Mansfield), Non-Indian, 1937-2007  Search this
Title:
Napi Gives People Life
Object Name:
Hand drum and drumstick
Media/Materials:
Rawhide, wood, glass bead/beads, feather/feathers, wool cloth, cotton cloth, brass bell/bells, paint
Techniques:
Stretched, carved, painted, strung, wrapped
Dimensions:
72 x 62 x 8 cm
Object Type:
Music and Sound
Place:
Browning, Blackfeet Reservation; Glacier County; Montana; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1997
Catalog Number:
26/4321
Barcode:
264321.000
See related items:
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]
Music and Sound
On View:
NMAI, Washington DC: Outside Rasmuson Theater, Music and Dance
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws649353d6e-0a83-40ec-8164-47bc6be766f8
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_280522
Online Media:

Figure

Culture/People:
Non-Indian  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Hasbro, Inc.  Search this
Donor:
Walter Lamar, Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]/Wichita  Search this
Previous owner:
Walter Lamar, Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]/Wichita  Search this
Object Name:
Figure
Media/Materials:
Plastic, cotton-synthetic cloth, paper
Techniques:
Commercially produced/manufactured
Dimensions:
20.2 x 7 x 34.5 cm
Object Type:
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Place:
Rhode Island; USA (inferred)
Date created:
2002
Catalog Number:
26/5433
Barcode:
265433.000
See related items:
Non-Indian
Made-for-Sale items and Souvenirs
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws618c841fe-a666-4968-b814-f7c9e42b13cd
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_281660
Online Media:

Pipe bowl and pipestem

Culture/People:
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Jerry Potts, Jr. (Going-To-Shoot), Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]  Search this
Seller:
Lodge Pole Gallery  Search this
Object Name:
Pipe bowl and pipestem
Media/Materials:
Stone, ash wood
Techniques:
Carved
Dimensions:
53.2 x 10.3 x 7.5 cm
Object Type:
Pipes and Smoking
Place:
Browning, Blackfeet Reservation; Glacier County; Montana; USA
Date created:
2006
Catalog Number:
26/5660
Barcode:
265660.000
See related items:
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]
Pipes and Smoking
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws673ff2a76-e0f5-4b2a-8e31-67c5fab2f3d2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_281887
Online Media:

1803 to 1806 to 2004 (a la GW Bush)

Culture/People:
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Jeneese Hilton, Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]  Search this
Commissioner:
Missoula Art Museum, 1975-  Search this
Donor:
Missoula Art Museum, 1975-  Search this
Title:
1803 to 1806 to 2004 (a la GW Bush)
Object Name:
Print
Media/Materials:
Paper, ink
Techniques:
Etched/printed
Dimensions:
63.5 x 50.4 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Montana; USA
Date created:
2004
Catalog Number:
26/6067
Barcode:
266067.000
See related items:
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6daec1bc7-c206-4442-a81d-54cb4e8f2e41
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_282294
Online Media:

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