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Olive Rush papers, 1879-1967

Creator:
Rush, Olive, 1873-1966  Search this
Rush, Olive, 1873-1966  Search this
Subject:
United States. Dept. of the Treasury. Section of Fine Arts  Search this
Type:
Sketches
Diaries
Photographs
Topic:
Women painters -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Painters -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
American Indians in art  Search this
Art and state  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- 20th century -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Muralists -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Illustrators -- New Mexico -- Santa Fe  Search this
Theme:
Diaries  Search this
Sketches & Sketchbooks  Search this
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9223
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211418
AAA_collcode_rusholiv
Theme:
Diaries
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211418
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Ezra Zubrow aerial photographs of the Rio Grande Pueblos, circa 1967

Photographer:
United States. Air Force  Search this
Creator:
Zubrow, Ezra B. W.  Search this
Extent:
64 Prints (silver gelatin, 10" x 20")
Culture:
Pueblo Indians  Search this
Nambe Pueblo  Search this
Tesuque Pueblo  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Zia Pueblo  Search this
Santa Ana Pueblo  Search this
Taos Pueblo  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
San Ildefonso Pueblo  Search this
Picuris Pueblo  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Aerial photographs
Place:
Rio Grande Valley (Colo.-Mexico and Tex.)
San Felipe Pueblo (N.M.)
Jemez Pueblo (N.M.)
Pojoaque pueblo (N.M.)
Sandia Pueblo (N.M.)
San Juan Pueblo (N.M.)
Date:
circa 1967
Summary:
64 aerial photographs of Rio Grande Pueblos made circa 1967 from 60,000 feet by a U2 aircraft.
Scope and Contents:
Aerial photographs of Rio Grande Pueblos made circa 1967 from 60,000 feet by a U2 aircraft, commissioned by Ezra Zubrow. Pueblos photographed include Acoma, Cochiti, Ildefonso, Isleta, Jemez, Laguna, Nambe, Picuris, Pojoaque, Sandia, San Felipe, San Juan, Santa Ana, Santa Clara, Taos, Tesuque, Zia, and Zuni.
Arrangement:
The photographs are arranged alphabetically by Pueblo.
Historical Note:
Ezra Zubrow provides the following background:

"Here is a quick version of the story of the photographs. . . I was a graduate student at the University of Arizona and during the summer of 1967 or 1968. I was working at the Southwestern Archaeological Expedition run by Paul S. Martin of the Field Museum of Chicago at the Hay Hollow Valley. I was a field foreman.

One day a group of B52's came over the nearby mesas very very low. This was the time of Vietnam. The sound was deafening and it seemed as if the earth shook and that they were only a few hundred feet above us. I remember looking up and I would swear that the bomb doors were open and that I saw a light inside. It was clear that they were doing some kind of low level practice and I thought it was a practice bombing run. When my ears stopped ringing, I thought to myself those planes must have cameras to record the dropping of the bombs and if they happen to come by again maybe I could ask them to take pictures of our excavations. So I wrote a letter to the "commanding general of the air force". I did not have a name or an address so I just sent it to the Commanding General US Air Force, Pentagon, Washington DC. I explained how useful photographs from the air were for doing archaeology in my letter and drove some 20 miles to Showlow Arizona to send the letter. When I did not hear anything I promptly forgot about it realizing that it was a "silly thing to have done." Two and half months went by and just before I left Vernon I received a package from the US Air Force from a colonel who was with a "reconnaissance" wing. In it was a letter saying that my letter had been received at the pentagon and had wended its way through various offices with a request that if it was possible to help us please do and here were a set of pictures of your excavations and the nearby area. To say the least I was thunderstruck. I had no idea how they had done the photographs but there were a set of 9x18 negatives and prints.

When I returned to Tucson for the fall semester a few days later, I started to look at the photographs. I realized that I wanted to say thank you and sent a letter saying thank you to the air force. It then occurred to me that it would be a nice thing to do to call and say thank you in person. I called the Pentagon and after several calls they provided me a number to call. It had the same area code as Tucson and I realized that the colonel was probably stationed at Davis Monthan Air Force Base. So I called the base and asked if I could make an appointment to meet him and personally say thank you. I got an appointment the following week and went out to the base. At the guard house I told them I had an appointment with the colonel and they told me to wait at the gate house which I did. After about 15 minutes a soldier came out with a car and asked me to leave my car at the gatehouse and he would drive me into the base. The car actually had blacked out side and rear windows.

We went into a low lying building and there were several people there including Colonel Y and a Lieutenant X. I told them how appreciative I was and that all the other archaeologists at the Southwestern Archaeological Expedition appreciated their help as well.

I had no idea with whom I was dealing. They showed me around various rooms and laboratories for photography and finally came to a room with a large chalkboard in it. On the chalkboard was a listing of missions, plane numbers, and pilots. There were a range of missions scheduled for several weeks and when I realized that several of them were over Vietnam, Cambodia, China, and Russia I stopped in my tracks. I looked at my hosts and said what kind of planes were they flying. I still thought it was something like a B52. They said it was the U2. I was speechless and as I later learned my mouth dropped so wide that all the men in the room started laughing. They said that if I wanted to watch one land it was going to land in a few minutes and as I was leaving I could watch. Of course I wanted to.

So as I left, I said thank you again and the Colonel and the Lieutenant said if they could help more, they would be willing to do so.

It turned out that Lieutenant X and I were about the same age and that we each had just been married a short time. We both were in a "foreign town," Tucson. So the two couples began t to meet for dinner and joined some other young couples who were in Tucson for the first time. The following semester, I had the idea of photographing the Pueblos. I asked Lieutenant X and Colonel Y if it might be possible and they said yes. I went back to the base and we sat with maps and plotted out the exact flight plan.

And that's more or less how it happened. The Colonel, the Lieutenant, and I continued to be friends for many years."[1]

[1] Email from Ezra Zubrow to archivist Gina Rappaport, April 22, 2010.
Biographical Note:
Ezra Zubrow is an anthropologist who has served on the faculty of the University at Buffalo since 1977. His broad interests include archaeological and anthropological theory and method, social policy of heritage and disability, Nordic archaeology, and ecology.
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Ezra Zubrow in 2010.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Pueblos  Search this
Genre/Form:
Aerial Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 2010-13, Ezra Zubrow aerial photographs of the Rio Grande Pueblos, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2010-13
See more items in:
Ezra Zubrow aerial photographs of the Rio Grande Pueblos, circa 1967
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-2010-13

Picuris Pueblo

Collection Photographer:
United States. Air Force  Search this
Collection Creator:
Zubrow, Ezra B. W.  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Photo Lot 2010-13, Ezra Zubrow aerial photographs of the Rio Grande Pueblos, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.2010-13, Item 25-28
See more items in:
Ezra Zubrow aerial photographs of the Rio Grande Pueblos, circa 1967
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-photolot-2010-13-ref518

Amy Zaharlick, George L. Trager, and Felicia H. Trager sound recordings and papers on Picuris language

Creator:
Trager, Felicia Harben, 1930-  Search this
Zaharlick, Ann Marie, 1947-  Search this
Trager, George L.  Search this
Extent:
130 Sound recordings
4 Linear feet
Culture:
Picuris Pueblo  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Tiwa Pueblos  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Field recordings
Field notes
Date:
1952 - 1990
Summary:
This collection consists of Amy Zaharlick's research and sound recordings on Picuris and other Pubeloan languages as well as the field recordings and notes given to Zaharlick by anthropologist and fellow Picuris specialist, George L. Trager.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains sound recordings and notes relating to the Picuris language research of Ann Marie (Amy) Zaharlick and her colleagues George L. and Felicia H. Trager, from 1962-1990. Most of the papers consist of Zaharlick's notes and transcripts from the Kiowa-Tanoan conferences which she organized and chaired, and handouts relating to Zaharlick's bilingual education consultant work. Small portions of the Tragers' field notes on Taos which were copied by Zaharlick, presumably for her own research, are also included. The bulk of the collection consists of 130 sound recordings of songs and stories in Picuris and other Puebloan languages made between 1963-1989. There are few earlier recordings which may be copies of material in Trager's papes at the University of California, Irvine. The titles of the tapes have been transcribed from information on the tape boxes. The content of recordings has not been verified.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in 2 series: (1) Papers (1965-1990); (2) Sound Recordings (1952-1989).
Biographical / Historical:
Amy Zaharlick received her Ph.D. in linguistic anthropology from the American University in 1977. Prior to joining the staff at Ohio State University in XXX, she served as director of the Native American Teacher Education Program and as Associate Director of the Multicultural Education Program at the University of Albuquerque in New Mexico. Zaharlick was a professor in the Department of Anthropology at Ohio State University until her retirement in 2012.

George Leonard Trager was born on March 22, 1906 in Newark, New Jersey. He earned a bachelor's degree at Rutgers University and did his graduate work in Slavic and Romance Philology at Columbia University. He received his doctorate in 1932 with the dissertation The use of the Latin demonstratives (especially ille and ipse) up to 600 A.D., as the source of the Romance article. Trager's first teaching position was at Adams State College in Alamosa, Colorado, and it was from here that he begin his fieldwork on Tanoan languages. In 1936 Trager took a position at Yale, joining such influential linguists and Edward Sapir and Benjamin Whorf. From 1956 through 1967 Trager taught at the University of Buffalo (later SUNY-Buffalo). In the late 1960s he left Buffalo for Southern Methodist University and became more involved in Taonoan lanugauge field research. Trager married three times. His second and third wives, Edith Crowell Trager-Johnson and Felicia Harben Trager worked with him in American Indian lingistics and Kiowa-Tanoan Studies. Trager died in 1992.

Felicia Harben Trager graduated from Wayne State University in 1957 and received a Woodrow Wilson Fellowship. She received her M.A. in 1959 from the Department of Anthroplogy and Lingustics at the University of Buffalo where she did graduate work under George Trager. She worked in Washington D.C. as a project associate at the Washington Center for Applied Linguistics and taught English as a foreign language. in 1961 she married George Trager and returned with him to Buffalo where in 1968 she earned a Ph.D. for her dissertation Picuris Pueblo, New Mexico: An Ethnologuistic Salvage Study. In 1967 she moved with George Trager to Dallas where she was a lecturer at Southerm Methodist University's University College. She assisted her husband as a researcher and editor for three of his books, and was the co-author with him in several articles on Tanoan languages. Felicia Trager died in 1972 at the age of 42.

Sources Consulted: Golla, Victor 1993 Obituary George L. Trager (1906-1992). Newsletter of the Society for theh Study of Indigenous Languages of the Americas 2-3.

Smith, Henry Lee 1974 Obituary Felicia Harben Trager 1930-1972. American Anthropologist 76(1)78-79.
Related Materials:
Correspondence of George L. Trager can be found in the Esther Schiff Goldfrank papers, John P. Harrington papers, and Anthropological Society of Washington records. NAA Manuscript 4540-a-b contains some of Trager's notes and correspondence. The George L. Trager papers can be found at the University of California Irvine Library, Department of Special Collections (MS-M005).
Provenance:
Received from Ann Marie (Amy) Zaharlick in 2012. The Trager's original sound recordings were given to Zaharlick by George L. Trager in 1974.
Restrictions:
The Zaharlick and Trager sound recordings and papers are open for research.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Linguistics  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Field recordings
Field notes
Citation:
Amy Zaharlick, George L. Trager, and Felicia H. Trager sound recordings and papers on Picuris language, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.2012-14
See more items in:
Amy Zaharlick, George L. Trager, and Felicia H. Trager sound recordings and papers on Picuris language
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-2012-14
Online Media:

Luther Douglas Diné (Navajo) slides

Photographer:
Douglas, Luther A., 1919-1976  Search this
Extent:
195 Color slides
Culture:
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Color slides
Place:
New Mexico
Arizona
Date:
April 1964
Summary:
This collection contains 195 slides that were taken by photographer Luther A. Douglas on the Navajo (Diné) Reservation in April of 1964.
Scope and Contents:
Catalog numbers: S03663 - S03686 and S07774 - S07945

This collection contains 195 color slides which were taken in April of 1964 on the Navajo Reservation in New Mexico by photographer Luther A. Douglas. The photographs depict Diné (Navajo) everyday scenes (portraits/ landscapes) including images of trading posts, Hogans or Diné (Navajo) houses, schools, hospitals, churches, sheep corrals, performances for tourists, and ceremonies. Douglas used both a Yashica and a Rollei, which worked best for his field expeditions. He may have used these cameras during this visit to the Navajo Reservation.
Arrangement note:
This collection is arranged according to catalog number.
Biographical/Historical note:
Luther A. Douglas was born in Idaho in 1919 and died in 1976. Douglas had a rough childhood and at the age of 8 was left without parents. His father passed away before he was born, and his mother was on the run with her then boyfriend after robbing a bank. Douglas was abandoned by his mother on the Navajo reservation and he walked to the nearest trading post where he was then noticed by a Diné (Navajo) family who took him home and cared for him. He lived with this family for just under a year until a social worker visited and took him back to Idaho where he was put into foster care. Since then he had an admiration for Diné (Navajo) culture, as he experienced daily life and some ceremonies while living with the Diné (Navajo) family. This was the first time he was able to experience being part of a family and he believed that they saved his life in many ways.

In his adult life, Douglas pursued independent studies for more than four decades traveling to the Navajo reservation many times and recording knowledge of the Navajo culture, focusing on the preservation of sand paintings. He was a craftsman and an ethnographer with lifelong interests in the Diné (Navajo) culture, and even experimented and mimicked sand paintings but it was noted by his wife they were altered in various and minimal ways in order to alter the ceremonial paintings. His wife, Conda Elisabeth (Betsy) Douglas worked closely with him and often accompanied him during lectures and slide programs.

In 1954 Douglas was elected as a Fellow of the International Explorers Clubs in recognition of his studies of Diné (Navajo) culture. In 1960s Douglas worked as a Research Associate or Field Agent for the Museum of the American Indian and traveled out to the Diné (Navajo) Reservation during this time. In 1976 he received recognition as an outstanding Idaho citizen since the time of Idaho's formation as a Territory at the Idaho Bicentennial celebration.
Separated Materials:
NMAI also holds the following reports written by Luther Douglas: Storytelling Among the Navajo , 1965 and Survey Report on Navajo Ceremonial Practices , undated. These are held in the Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation Records, NMAI.AC.001, Box 213, folders 15 and 16.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Genre/Form:
Color slides -- 20th century
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Luther Douglas Diné (Navajo) slides, image #, Collection NMAI.AC.393; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.393
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-393

Picuris Pueblo, New Mexico

Collection Creator:
National Congress of American Indians  Search this
Container:
Box 398
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1971
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadbast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Collection Title, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
National Congress of American Indians records
National Congress of American Indians records / Series 6: NCAI Committees and Special Issues Files / 6.20: Economic and Reservation Development / Reservation Development Program Proposals - Tribal Files
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-010-ref5329

Abigail Adler Diné (Navajo) photographs

Creator:
Adler, Abigail  Search this
Names:
National Endowment for the Arts  Search this
Navajo Nation, Arizona, New Mexico & Utah  Search this
Extent:
11 Photographic prints
0.03 Linear feet (3 folders)
Culture:
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Place:
Arizona
Date:
1976-1979
Summary:
This collection contains 11 gelatin silver prints that were shot by photographer Abigail Adler throughout the Navajo Reservation in Arizona, New Mexico, and Utah in 1976 and 1979.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains 11 gelatin silver prints that were shot by photographer Abigail Adler throughout the Navajo Reservation in Arizona, New Mexico, and Utah in 1976 and 1979. The photographs depict Diné (Navajo) individuals and family portraits; ceremonial scenes, such as a Kinaaldá (girl's puberty ceremony), portrait of woman and mother on wedding day, and a Medicine Man with sand painting; and daily activities such as planting corn, outdoor cooking, and traveling by horse-drawn wagon. Photographs from this collection were possibly part of Alder's "Navajo Matriarch" project funded by the Navajo Nation and a grant from the National Endowment for the Arts.
Arrangement:
This collection has been organized into three folders. Folder 1 (P34072- P34074): Individual and family portraits, folder 2 (P34066- P34068, P34071): ceremonial scenes, and folder 3 (P34069- P34070, P34075- P34076): landscape and daily activities.
Provenance:
Gift of Gail Adler Hughes (Abigail Adler), 1979.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Some images restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Topic:
Photographs  Search this
New Mexico  Search this
Utah  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Abigail Adler Diné (Navajo) photographs, catalog #; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.373
See more items in:
Abigail Adler Diné (Navajo) photographs
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-373
Online Media:

George Hubbard Pepper photograph collection

Creator:
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Extent:
1292 Negatives (photographic)
23 Photographic prints (black & white)
Culture:
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Purepecha (Tarasco)  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
Jemez Pueblo  Search this
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Nambe Pueblo  Search this
Picuris Pueblo  Search this
Pojoaque Pueblo  Search this
Puye Pueblo  Search this
San Felipe Pueblo  Search this
San Ildefonso Pueblo  Search this
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo)  Search this
Sandia Pueblo  Search this
Santa Ana Pueblo  Search this
Taos Pueblo  Search this
Tesuque Pueblo  Search this
Zia Pueblo  Search this
Hopi [Hano]  Search this
Pikuni (Piegan) [Blackfeet Nation, Browning, Montana]  Search this
San Carlos Apache  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Mexica (Aztec) (archaeological culture)  Search this
Pueblo (Anasazi) (archaeological)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Photographic prints
Negatives
Place:
New Mexico
Texas
New York
Montana
Arizona
Basin
Illinois
Mexico
Southwest
Guatemala
Ecuador
Utah
Plains
Date:
1895-1918
Summary:
George Hubbard Pepper specialized in the study of cultures of the American Southwest and Ecuador. Tribes which he studied are Acoma, Aztec, Blackfeet, Cochiti, Hopi, Isleta, Jemez, Laguna, Nambe, Navajo, Picuris, Pojuaque, Puye, San Carlos Apache, San Felipe, San Ildefonso, San Juan, Sandia, Santa Ana, Santa Clara, Taos, Tarascan, Tesuque, Ute, Zia, and Zuni. Photographs in the collection are of an excavation in Tottenville, New York, 1895; Pueblo Bonito in Chaco Cañon, New Mexico: Hyde Expedition, 1896-1900; and expeditions to the occupied Pueblos of the Southwest, 1904; Mexico, 1904, 1906; Guatemala; and Ecuador, 1907. There are also photos which complement a study Pepper did of the technique of Navajo weaving, and miscellaneous scenic and personal photos.
Arrangement note:
Collection arranged by item number.
Biographical/Historical note:
George Hubbard Pepper was born on February 2, 1873 in Tottenville, Staten Island, New York. As a young boy he exhibited a strong interest in archaeology and after his graduating from high school followed encouragement from Prof. Fredric W. Putnam to study at the Peabody Museum of Harvard University, where Pepper stayed from 1895-96. In 1896 he was appointed assistant curator of the Department of the Southwest in the American Museum of Natural History in New York City. From 1896 to 1900, Pepper was a member of the Hyde Exploring Expedition, which conducted excavations at Pueblo Bonito in Chaco Canyon, New Mexico. In 1904, he conducted an ethnological survey of the occupied pueblos of the Southwest and at the same time continued his study of the weaving techniques of the Navajo. Pepper also participated in excavations in the yacatas of the Tierra Caliente of Michoacan in Mexico sponsored by George Gustav Heye, and in 1907 he went with Marshall Saville on an expedition to the Province of Manabi in Ecuador, also for Heye. In 1909 Pepper was appointed assistant curator in the Department of American Archaeology at the University Museum of Philadelphia, but after only a year there he joined the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation in New York City, where he stayed until his death. In 1914 he excavated a Munsee cemetery of the historic period near Montague, New Jersey and in the following year he went on the exploration of the Nacoochee mound in the old Cherokee region in Georgia. In 1918 he joined the Hawikku explorations of the Hendricks-Hodge Expedition in New Mexico. Pepper died on May 13, 1924, in New York City. George H. Pepper was a co-founder of the American Anthropological Association, a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and of the American Ethnological Society of New York, a member of the American Folklore Society, and a corresponding member of the Academia Nacional de Historia of Ecuador. A complete bibliography of his works can be found in Indian Notes, v. 1, no. 3, July 1924, pp. 108-110. The George Hubbard Pepper Papers are in the Latin American Library, Tulane University Library, New Orleans, Louisiana.
Provenance:
According to Frederick Dockstader, director of MAI from 1960 to 1975, in a letter dated March 26, 1968, the collection was given to MAI by Pepper. However, the 1965 Annual Report (p. 26) states that the Photographic Department acquired through the donation of Mrs. Jeannette Cameron approximately 500 new negatives pertaining to field work done by her father from 1900-1910; and the 1966 Annual Report (p. 9) states that many papers of Dr. George H. Pepper were acquired through the courtesy of his daughter, Mrs. Jeanette Cameron.
Restrictions:
Access restricted. Researchers should contact the staff of the NMAI Archives for an appointment to access the collection.
Genre/Form:
Negatives
Photographic prints
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.001.034
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-001-034

Anne Forbes collection

Creator:
Forbes, Anne, 1919-  Search this
Source:
United States. Indian Arts and Crafts Board  Search this
Names:
Indian Arts Fund (Santa Fe, N.M.)  Search this
Herrera, Joe, 1923-2001  Search this
Herrera, Velino  Search this
Martinez, Julian, -1943  Search this
Martínez, María Montoya  Search this
Toledo, José Rey, 1915-1994  Search this
Former owner:
United States. Indian Arts and Crafts Board  Search this
Extent:
472 Photographic prints
1 Linear foot
Culture:
Cochiti Pueblo  Search this
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo)  Search this
Taos Pueblo  Search this
Tesuque Pueblo  Search this
Picuris Pueblo  Search this
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
Jemez Pueblo  Search this
Nambe Pueblo  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
San Ildefonso Pueblo  Search this
Santo Domingo Pueblo  Search this
Zia Pueblo  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Notes
Reports
Date:
1948-1977
Summary:
The Anne Forbes collection includes documents and photographs pertaining to her research on Indian arts in the Southwest, United States conducted during 1948-1948 and revisited in 1958. The work culminated in the dissemination of a survey titled "Survey of American Indian Arts and Crafts, Southwest and Northern Plains." Forbes focused mostly on Pueblo paintings having developed personal relationships with several Pueblo painters including Joe Herrera (Cochiti Pueblo), Velino Herrera (Zia Pueblo) and Jose Rey Toledo (Jemez Pueblo).
Scope and Contents:
The bulk of the Anne Forbes collection consists of documentation concerning her survey on American Indian arts and crafts in the Southwest and Northern Plains conducted in 1948-1949 and then revisited in 1958. This includes biographical notes on individual Native artists from New Mexico, Arizona, Montana, Colorado, South Dakota and California as well as notes on museum collections and art dealers whose collections and purchases included Indian art from the Southwest. Forbes also visited Pueblo schools during the 1948-1948 trip in order to examine the status of arts education and collected drawings from students as well as took careful notes on each school. Also included in the Forbes papers are the draft and final reports of Forbes' survey as well as responses to the report from prominent institutions and individuals in the Indian art world such as friend and artist Joe H. Herrera. Supporting materials to Forbes' research includes a collection of Smoke Signals newsletters from 1951 to 1965, which was published by the Indian Arts and Crafts Board, brochures and pamphlets from the Bureau of Indian Affairs concerning education and the arts, and exhibition documents and catalogs from museums featuring Native artists' works from the Southwest and Northern Plains.

The photo albums titled "Indian Paintings, Pottery, Pictographs, Prehistoric Murals, Dances, Artists" and "Pueblo Indian Paintings" hold photographs collected and taken by Forbes during her research. The bulk of the photographs are of works of art and are arranged by culture group and artist. There are also a small amount of photographs of the artists themselves and their families.
Arrangement:
The Anne Forbes collection is arranged into two series. Series 1: Indian Arts Research and Supporting Documentation is arranged alphabetically by folder. Series 2: Photo Albums contains two photo albums that have been left in their original orders.
Biographical Note:
Miss Anne Forbes originated from Cambridge Massachusetts. After majoring in art from Bennington College in Vermont, Forbes pursued a Master's degree in social anthropology from Harvard University's Radcliffe College. Taking an interest in Southwest Indian Art, Forbes applied for a fellowship through the Indian Arts Fund for the summer of 1948 to study painting and other techniques used in Pueblo art. Although the fellowship lasted only a summer, Forbes spent the following year visiting various pueblos meeting native artists and purchasing original art works from them. It was at this time that Forbes befriended artists Joe Herrera (Cochiti Pueblo), Velino Herrera (Zia Pueblo) and Jose Rey Toledo (Jemez Pueblo). Forbes also spent time visiting Pueblo schools examining the state of arts education for native children as well as acquiring paintings and drawings made by the Pueblo schoolchildren. In 1958, Forbes sent out a first draft of her "Survey of American Indian Arts and Crafts, Southwest and Northern Plains" which was the culmination of her research on the state of native art at the time with a particular focus on Pueblo artists. Following the release of her report, Forbes did not continue professionally in the world of art instead moving into human relations. Forbes held onto the bulk of her art collection, exhibiting pieces here and there, until donating a large portion of the collection to the National Museum of the American Indian in 2003. A longtime member of the Self-Realization Fellowship, Forbes also donated some of her pieces to that organization.
Separated Materials:
This collection was part of a donation made by Anne Forbes that included 143 paintings and other works of art on paper that are now a part of the NMAI Modern and Contemporary Arts Collection with object numbers 26/3091 to 26/3227 and 26/3854, 26/3855. Artists include Harrison Begay, Theodore Edaaki, Luis Gonzales (Wo Peen), Joe Herrera, Velino Herrera, James Humetewa, Michael Kabotie, Richard Martinez, Theodore Suina, Beatien Yazz and others. For more information on these paintings please contact NMAI Collections at NMAICollections@si.edu.
Provenance:
This collection was donated by Anne Forbes in November of 2003.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Education -- Southwest, New  Search this
Pueblo Artists -- Directories  Search this
Pueblo Artists -- Exhibitions  Search this
Pueblo Artists -- Photographs  Search this
Indian artists -- New Mexico -- Research  Search this
Indian artists -- Arizona -- Research  Search this
Genre/Form:
Notes
Reports
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Anne Forbes Collection, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.060
See more items in:
Anne Forbes collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-060

MS 3125 Numerals in the Picuris, Taos, Isleta, and San Juan languages

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Extent:
1 Page
Culture:
Picuris Pueblo  Search this
Picuris Pueblo  Search this
San Juan  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
Taos Indians  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Tiwa Pueblos  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
undated
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3125
Topic:
American Indian  Search this
Vocabularies  Search this
Numbers  Search this
Taos Indians  Search this
Numbers  Search this
Isleta Indians  Search this
Numbers  Search this
San Juan  Search this
Numbers  Search this
Tiwa  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 3125, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3125
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3125

MS 1023 Taos language vocabulary and letter

Collector:
Budd, Harry S.  Search this
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Extent:
6 Pages
Culture:
Picuris Pueblo  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Tiwa Pueblos  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
July 29, 1886
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 1023
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Tewa  Search this
Tiwa  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 1023, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS1023
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms1023

Cleome serrulata Pursh

Biogeographical Region:
77 - South-Central U.S.A.  Search this
Collector:
H. R. Bennett  Search this
Place:
Taos County. At Picuris Pueblo, in valley of Rio Pueblo, on west side of Sangre de Cristo Mts. Upper Sonoran Zone., New Mexico, United States, North America
Collection Date:
10 Aug 1963
Common name:
Rocky Mounatin Beeplant
Rocky Mountain beeplant
Rocky Mtn. Bee Plant
Rocky mountain bee plant
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Capparales Capparaceae
Published Name:
Cleome serrulata Pursh
Barcode:
03764927
USNM Number:
2446093
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3064e09e6-498d-41e9-bd98-11f2d2f9c422
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_15207781

Phlox nana Nutt.

Biogeographical Region:
77 - South-Central U.S.A.  Search this
Collector:
H. R. Bennett  Search this
Place:
Taos County. Open ground near Picuris Pueblo in valley of Rio Pueblo, on west side Sangre de Cristo Mts. Upper part Transition Zone., New Mexico, United States, North America
Collection Date:
10 Aug 1963
Common name:
Santa Fe phlox
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Solanales Polemoniaceae
Published Name:
Phlox nana Nutt.
Barcode:
03158158
USNM Number:
2445820
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3459058e0-49ee-4b0a-88aa-33283c707bb9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_14623179

Jar

Culture/People:
Picuris Pueblo  Search this
Previous owner:
Irving B. Levi, Non-Indian, 1891-1964  Search this
Donor:
Irving B. Levi, Non-Indian, 1891-1964  Search this
Object Name:
Jar
Media/Materials:
Pottery
Techniques:
Coiled/hand built
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Picuris Pueblo, Picuris Reservation; Taos County; New Mexico; USA
Catalog Number:
22/3779
Barcode:
223779.000
See related items:
Picuris Pueblo
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6a1639469-dc1b-4d9f-bc45-a9a359aacd12
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_238265
Online Media:

Belt Dance

Culture/People:
Picuris Pueblo  Search this
Artist/Maker:
George Duran (George Durand), Picuris Pueblo, 1928-1980  Search this
Previous owner:
Dr. Oscar Brousse Jacobson, Non-Indian, 1882-1966  Search this
Seller:
Dr. Oscar Brousse Jacobson, Non-Indian, 1882-1966  Search this
Title:
Belt Dance
Object Name:
Painting
Media/Materials:
Paper, watercolor, graphite
Techniques:
Drawn, painted
Dimensions:
24.8 x 33.9 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Picuris Pueblo, Picuris Reservation; Taos County; New Mexico; USA
Date created:
1945
Catalog Number:
23/6015
Barcode:
236015.000
See related items:
Picuris Pueblo
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws62d08b921-3e58-4f04-9c81-432fcf28c8c5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_250922
Online Media:

Two Deer

Culture/People:
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Gerald Nailor (To Yah), Diné (Navajo), 1917-1952  Search this
Previous owner:
Jeanne O. Snodgrass (Jeanne Snodgrass King), Non-Indian, 1927-2002  Search this
Seller:
Jeanne O. Snodgrass (Jeanne Snodgrass King), Non-Indian, 1927-2002  Search this
Title:
Two Deer
Object Name:
Print
Media/Materials:
Paper, ink
Techniques:
Screenprinted/serigraph printed
Dimensions:
26.5 x 34.1 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Picuris Pueblo, Picuris Reservation; Taos County; New Mexico; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1937
Catalog Number:
25/2243
Barcode:
252243.000
See related items:
Diné (Navajo)
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6eac3599f-67f4-446f-ab65-a9bdaf2d7253
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_268048
Online Media:

Bowl/Dish

Culture/People:
Picuris Pueblo  Search this
Seller:
Susan Polk Jones (Susan Rayner Polk/Mrs. Joseph L. Jones), Non-Indian, 1842-1921  Search this
Previous owner:
Susan Polk Jones (Susan Rayner Polk/Mrs. Joseph L. Jones), Non-Indian, 1842-1921  Search this
Dr. Joseph L. Jones, Non-Indian, 1833-1896  Search this
Object Name:
Bowl/Dish
Media/Materials:
Pottery
Techniques:
Coiled/hand built
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Picuris Pueblo, Picuris Reservation; Taos County; New Mexico; USA
Catalog Number:
7533
Barcode:
007533.000
See related items:
Picuris Pueblo
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws62ac84184-c2b3-4caf-ac07-eeb02bdb2572
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_7880
Online Media:

Bowl

Culture/People:
Picuris Pueblo  Search this
Previous owner:
Ernest S. Carter (Ernest Sigmund Carter/Ernest Sigmund Schickler), Non-Indian, 1922-2009  Search this
Eloise L. Carter (Eloise [Ellie] Leona Carter/Mrs. Ernest S. Carter), Non-Indian  Search this
Donor:
Ernest S. Carter (Ernest Sigmund Carter/Ernest Sigmund Schickler), Non-Indian, 1922-2009  Search this
Eloise L. Carter (Eloise [Ellie] Leona Carter/Mrs. Ernest S. Carter), Non-Indian  Search this
Object Name:
Bowl
Media/Materials:
Pottery
Techniques:
Coiled/hand built
Object Type:
Containers and Vessels
Place:
Picuris Pueblo, Picuris Reservation; Taos County; New Mexico; USA
Catalog Number:
24/8949
Barcode:
248949.000
See related items:
Picuris Pueblo
Containers and Vessels
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws62e7dd54f-905e-4c86-bd64-74a67142daf2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_264810
Online Media:

Cooking pot

Culture/People:
Picuris Pueblo  Search this
Previous owner:
Ernest S. Carter (Ernest Sigmund Carter/Ernest Sigmund Schickler), Non-Indian, 1922-2009  Search this
Eloise L. Carter (Eloise [Ellie] Leona Carter/Mrs. Ernest S. Carter), Non-Indian  Search this
Donor:
Ernest S. Carter (Ernest Sigmund Carter/Ernest Sigmund Schickler), Non-Indian, 1922-2009  Search this
Eloise L. Carter (Eloise [Ellie] Leona Carter/Mrs. Ernest S. Carter), Non-Indian  Search this
Object Name:
Cooking pot
Media/Materials:
Pottery
Techniques:
Coiled/hand built
Object Type:
Food Gathering and Preparation
Place:
Picuris Pueblo, Picuris Reservation; Taos County; New Mexico; USA
Catalog Number:
24/1036
Barcode:
241036.000
See related items:
Picuris Pueblo
Food Gathering and Preparation
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6664dccc5-b36c-4cd8-9836-c7655190b7e6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_256690
Online Media:

Berry Picker

Culture/People:
Sahnish (Arikara)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
C. J. Wells, Sahnish (Arikara)/Picuris Pueblo, b. 1952  Search this
Previous owner:
Leonard D. Horodenski (L.D. Horodenski), Non-Indian, 1919-1986  Search this
Anne Pomeroy Horodenski (Mrs. L.D. Horodenski), Non-Indian, 1916-1997  Search this
Donor:
Leonard D. Horodenski (L.D. Horodenski), Non-Indian, 1919-1986  Search this
Anne Pomeroy Horodenski (Mrs. L.D. Horodenski), Non-Indian, 1916-1997  Search this
Title:
Berry Picker
Object Name:
Painting
Media/Materials:
Canvas, acrylic paint
Techniques:
Painted
Dimensions:
73.5 x 73.5 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Santa Fe; Santa Fe County; New Mexico; USA (inferred)
Date created:
circa 1983
Catalog Number:
25/2530
Barcode:
252530.000
See related items:
Sahnish (Arikara)
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6a0a98230-9907-4a6c-85da-0c2436a40b1c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_268430
Online Media:

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