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The State of Rock Art in North America 1 - Lawrence Loendorf

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
Conversations and talks
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2017-05-21T17:37:07.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_anthE44PUjs

The State of Rock Art in North America 2 - Carolyn McClellan

Creator:
National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Type:
Conversations and talks
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2017-05-21T17:37:07.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Native Americans;American Indians  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianNMAI
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianNMAI
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_qe7fmiW8274

Painting

Culture/People:
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Beatien Yazz (Jimmy Toddy/Little No Shirt), Diné (Navajo), 1928-2022  Search this
Previous owner:
Ernest S. Carter (Ernest Sigmund Carter/Ernest Sigmund Schickler), Non-Indian, 1922-2009  Search this
Eloise L. Carter (Eloise [Ellie] Leona Carter/Mrs. Ernest S. Carter), Non-Indian  Search this
Donor:
Ernest S. Carter (Ernest Sigmund Carter/Ernest Sigmund Schickler), Non-Indian, 1922-2009  Search this
Eloise L. Carter (Eloise [Ellie] Leona Carter/Mrs. Ernest S. Carter), Non-Indian  Search this
Object Name:
Painting
Media/Materials:
Cardboard, watercolor
Techniques:
Painted
Dimensions:
47 x 56 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
Arizona; USA
Date created:
1970-1975
Catalog Number:
25/989
Barcode:
250989.000
See related items:
Diné (Navajo)
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws69983b127-055f-4540-b6aa-6bf6af01f24c
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_266785
Online Media:

MS 3941 Materials assembled by Hewitt for preparation of articles in Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 30 and for replies to inquires from the public

Collector:
Hewitt, J. N. B. (John Napoleon Brinton), 1859-1937  Search this
Correspondent:
Bogaskie, F.  Search this
Skinner, Alanson, 1886-1925  Search this
Creator:
MacKinley, W. E. W., Captain  Search this
Names:
Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American Ethnology -- Bulletin 30  Search this
Society of American Indians  Search this
Brant, Joseph, 1742-1807  Search this
Old Smoke  Search this
Sayenqueraghta  Search this
Scott, Hugh Lenox, 1853-1934  Search this
Williams, Eleazer  Search this
Culture:
Eskimos  Search this
Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox)  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Chippewa  Search this
Adirondack  Search this
Niitsitapii (Blackfoot/Blackfeet)  Search this
Anishinaabe (Chippewa/Ojibwa)  Search this
Black Mincqua  Search this
Lenape (Delaware)  Search this
Pekwanoket  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Wendat (Huron)  Search this
Mohawk  Search this
Maya  Search this
Algonquin (Algonkin)  Search this
Potawatomi  Search this
Iroquois  Search this
Sauk  Search this
Onondaga  Search this
Tuscarora  Search this
Erie (archaeological)  Search this
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America -- Subarctic  Search this
Indians of North America -- Northeast  Search this
Susquehannock (archaeological)  Search this
Wyandot  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Kainai Blackfoot (Kainah/Blood)  Search this
Sihasapa Lakota (Blackfoot Sioux)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southern States  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Calendars
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Contents: Adirondack tribe (St Lawrence River) Old Manuscript Number 3553. Adoption Old Manuscript Number 4007. Refers to Algonquian method of counting -only; see Haas note 2/18/72; Old Manuscript Number 3864. "Alligewi"; Animism Old Manuscript Number 3867 and 2842-c, box 6. Blood Indians, origin of name; Brant, Joseph Old Manuscript Number 3874. Chippewa, origin of name Old Manuscript Number 3646. Chiefs, function and significance of Old Manuscript Number 2842-c, box 6. Delaware tribe, New Jersey area claimed by Old Manuscript Number 3866. Detroit River, tribes near; Ekaentoton Island-- see Ste. Marie Island Environment (Bulletin 30 draft by O. T. Mason) Old Manuscript Number 4007. Erie, origin of name Old Manuscript Number 3646. Erie and Black Mincqua tribes Old Manuscript Number 3586. [Eskimo] Arctic tribes, leaving elderly and sick people to die Old Manuscript Number 3668. Family, Bulletin 30 draft and notes Old Manuscript Number 4011 and 2842-c, box 6. Grand River (Tinaatoua), name of; Hebrew calendar; Hewitt, list of Bulletin 30 articles by Old Manuscript Number 4066. Hoboken, origin of name; Iroquois, "On the Northern and Eastern Territorial Limits of the Iroquoian people, in the 16th Century," and Algonquian tribes, at Chaleur Bay. Iroquois at Gulf of St Lawrence and Bay of Gaspe Old Manuscript Number 3625.
Iroquois, location of Six Nations tribes reservations Old Manuscript Number 3763. Iroquois false face; Iroquois preparation of corn ("as food") Old Manuscript Number 4009. Iroquoian early dress Old Manuscript Number 3660. Iroquoian "Gachoi" tribe, identity of (Correspondence with F. Bogaskie.) Old Manuscript Number 3816. Iroquoian moon names and concept of time; Iroquoian social organization, and place name-name origins; "Man," Iroquoian term for Old Manuscript Number 3781. Iroquoian towns Old Manuscript Number 4006. Kentucky, meaning of the word; Kentucky, origin of name Old Manuscript Number 3840. Lenni Lenape, meaning of the word; Logstown-- see Shenango Old Manuscript Number 3773. Lost Ten Tribes as American Indians Old Manuscript Number 3670. Mayan linguistic family and other Mayan linguistic notes including Quiche and Tepehuanan notes Old Manuscript Number 3473. Mexico: idols, sacrifices, etc. Old Manuscript Number 3807. Mexico: Indian languages. Letter from Captain W.E.W. MacKinley Old Manuscript Number 3778. Missouri, Indian village, location of Old Manuscript Number 3944. Mohawk land near Lake Champlain; Mohawk grammar; Montour family, notes for Bulletin 30 Old Manuscript Number 3812. Muskhogean social organization. Letter from J. J. Harrison. Old Manuscript Number 3891. New England tribes Old Manuscript Number 3513.
Niagara, origin of name; "Old Smoke"-- see Sayenqueraghta Old Manuscript Number 3949. Onondaga tribe, text of memorial inscription to, and correspondence Old Manuscript 4391 and 4271- box 1 (part.) Ontwaganha or Toaganha, origin and meaning of name Old Manuscript Number 3864. Owego, meaning of town's name; Pekwanoket tribe (Cape Cod); Pemaquid, Abnaki word and its origin Old Manuscript Number 89. Piasa bird- pictograph formerly near present Alton, Illinois. Article is similar to that by Cyrus Thomas, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 30. Old Manuscript Number 3981. Potawatomi, notes on the name Old Manuscript Number 4034. Potawatomi Green Corn Dance; Roanoke, origin of name Old Manuscript Number 3998. Sacagawea, spelling of; St Ignace, 3 settlements (Michigan); St Marie Island or Ekaentoton Island; Sauk, Bulletin 30 article and galley proof, notes Old Manuscript Number 3764. Sayenqueraghta or "Old Smoke" (correspondence with Alanson Skinner) Old Manuscript Number 3949. Scalping Old Manuscript Number 4025. Shenango and Logstown Old Manuscript Number 3773. Sioux, origin of name Old Manuscript Number 3624. Society of American Indians, resolutions by thanking General Hugh L. Scott, Fr. Anselm Webber and others Old Manuscript Number 3868. Susquehanna, origin of name Old Manuscript Number 3707. Tacoma, origin of name Old Manuscript Number 3470.
Thunderbird, notes on Old Manuscript Number 3552. Tinaatoa-- see Grand River; Toronto, origin of name; Tuscarora villages Old Manuscript Number 3998. Wampum Old Manuscript Number 3998. War club with inscription; West Virginia panhandle tribes Old Manuscript Number 3945. Williams, Eleazer Old Manuscript Number 3998. Women, status of Old Manuscript Number 3566. Wyandots (Huron) List of tribes of which Wyandots of today are constituted. Old Manuscript Number 3774.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 3941
Topic:
American Indian  Search this
Inheritance -- Adoption  Search this
Religion -- animism  Search this
Names, tribal -- Blood  Search this
Names, tribal -- Chippewa  Search this
Government and politics -- chiefs  Search this
Land tenure and claims -- Delaware  Search this
Names, tribal -- Erie  Search this
Death and mortuary customs -- abandoning elderly and sick  Search this
Marriage and family  Search this
Names, place -- Grand River  Search this
Jews  Search this
Iroquois Indians  Search this
Land tenure and claims  Search this
Masks -- False Face  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Food preparation -- Corn  Search this
Time -- concepts  Search this
Social structure  Search this
Names, place  Search this
Towns, villages and other settlements  Search this
Names, place -- Kentucky  Search this
Names, tribal -- Leni Lenape  Search this
Muskogean Indians  Search this
Names, place -- Niagara  Search this
Names, place -- Owego  Search this
Abenaki Indians  Search this
Names, tribal -- Pemaquid  Search this
Pictographs -- Piasa bird  Search this
Potawatomi Indians  Search this
Dance -- Green Corn  Search this
Names, tribal -- Potawatomi  Search this
Names, place -- Roanoke  Search this
Towns, villages and other settlements -- St Ignace  Search this
Religion -- Mexico  Search this
Sacrifices -- Mexico  Search this
War -- Scalping  Search this
Indian interest groups -- Society of American Indians  Search this
Names, tribal -- Susquehanna  Search this
Names, tribal -- Tacoma  Search this
Folklore -- Thunderbird  Search this
Names, place -- Toronto  Search this
Tuscarora Indians  Search this
Trade, gifts and other exchanges -- Wampum  Search this
Weapons -- war club  Search this
Marriage and family -- women, status of  Search this
Names, place -- Hoboken  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Algonquin  Search this
Honniasant  Search this
Lenape  Search this
Sioux  Search this
Susquehannock  Search this
Mexico  Search this
Genre/Form:
Calendars
Citation:
Manuscript 3941, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS3941
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw34e5d46f4-47a1-44d7-8e6d-d282280cd7f8
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms3941

MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography

Creator:
Mallery, Garrick, 1831-1894  Search this
Extent:
41.29 Linear feet (22 boxes, 29 folders, 3 mounted drawings, and 3 rolled items)
Note:
Some materials, especially in series 3, are stored in the NAA artwork collection.
Culture:
Arctic peoples  Search this
Indians of North America  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pictographs
Place:
Oceania
Date:
1849-1902
bulk 1870-1895
Summary:
Garrick Mallery (1831-1894) was an ethnologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology who focused primarily on Native American sign language and pictography. This collection reflects Mallery's research interests and methods. Much of the collection is comprised of correspondence and notes relating to sign language and pictography and is organized chiefly by either the cultural or geographic region to which the material belongs. Bound volumes of several of his publications are included, along with annotated draft copies from collaborators. In the case of Mallery's work on pictography, the collection includes several oversize items including original works and reproductions.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains Garrick Mallery's research and writings as a BAE ethnologist and is largely comprised of correspondence and preparatory materials for publications on Native American sign language and pictography. The geographic scope of the material is chiefly the present-day United States and Canada, though other areas of the world are represented less comprehensively. Correspondence and research notes include verbal descriptions of signs, sometimes with illustrations included. Bound volumes of Mallery's publications are included, along with annotations from collaborators. In addition, this collection includes notecards, drawings, illustrations, photographs, articles, and art objects. Art objects (mostly oversize) deal chiefly with Dakota winter counts and other artifacts.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged into 3 series: 1) Research Notes, undated; 2) Materials on Sign Language, 1843-1849, 1873-1894; 3) Materials on Pictographs and Petroglyphs, 1849-1902, undated
Biographical Note:
Garrick Mallery (1831-1894) was born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania and practiced law in Philadelphia from 1853 until the outbreak of the American Civil War. While serving in the army, he became interested in Native American sign language and pictography, perhaps while performing his duties in frontier areas. After retiring from the military in 1879, Mallery was appointed to the newly created Bureau of American Ethnology as one of its first ethnologists. In his work with the Bureau, Mallery pioneered the study of sign language and pictographs, examining them as a universal human phenomenon with a direct link to spoken language.

In his work, Mallery collected and examined sign language vocabulary from Native American groups throughout the U.S. and Canada and regularly solicited contributions from collaborators. He also related his findings to examples from the wider world, comparing the formation of Native American signs to those in other areas by hearing individuals and by the deaf. Mallery completed several publications on the topic throughout the 1880s, notably Introduction to the Study of Sign language Among the North American Indians (1880), A Collection of Gesture- Signs and Signals of the North American Indians (1880), and "Sign-language among North American Indians Compared with that Among other People and Deaf-mutes," which appeared in the BAE 1st Annual Report (1881).

While most widely known for his work with sign language, Mallery also undertook extensive research into Native American pictography. Like his work with sign language, he both conducted original research and solicited assistance from collaborators. He was especially interested in the representational images in Dakota winter counts and petroglyphs in the United States and throughout the world.

Sources Consulted

Fletcher, Robert. "Garrick Mallery, President of the Philosophical Society of Washington, in 1888." In Brief Memoirs of Colonel Garrick Mallery, U.S.A., Who Died October 24, 1894, 3-8. Washington: Judd & Detweiler, 1895.

Fletcher, Robert. "Colonel Garrick Mallery, U.S.A." American Anthropologist 8, no. 2 (1895): 79-80.

Chronology

1831 -- Born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, on April 25

1850 -- Graduates Yale College

1853 -- Earns LL. B. from the University of Pennsylvania Admitted to the Pennsylvania bar

1853-1861 -- Practices law in Philadelphia

1861 -- Enters the volunteer army of the United States

1862 -- Severely wounded in the battle of Peach Orchard, Virginia Captured and held prisoner at Libby prison in Richmond, Virginia

1866 -- Completes service with volunteer army of the United States Accepts commission in regular army of the United States

1870 -- Marries Helen W. Wyckoff

1879 -- Retires from the United States army due to disability Appointed to the Bureau of American Ethnology

1880 -- Publishes Introduction to the Study of Sign-Language Among the North American Indians as Illustrating the Gesture-Speech of Mankind and A Collection of Gesture-Signs and Signals of the North American Indians With Some Comparisons

1881 -- Publishes "Sign Language Among North American Indians, Compared with that Among Other Peoples and Deaf-Mutes"

1894 -- Dies after a short illness in Washington, D.C., on October 24
Related Materials:
See MS 2322 A collection of gesture-signs and signals of the North American Indians for more of Garrick Mallery's work on sign language.
Provenance:
MS 2372 was transferred from the Bureau of Ethnology Archives to the Smithsonian Office of Anthropology Archives with the merger of the BAE and the Department of Anthropology of the National Museum of Natural History in 1965. The Smithsonian Office of Anthropology Archives was renamed the National Anthropological Archives in 1968.
Restrictions:
Manuscript 2372 is open for research.

Access to Manuscript 2372 requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Sign language  Search this
Picture-writing  Search this
Ethnology  Search this
Anthropology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Pictographs
Citation:
Manuscript 2372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS2372
See more items in:
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw367638eb8-dce6-4d4e-bea5-2204e49134ef
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms2372
Online Media:

Ledger of drawings, [undated]

Creator:
Thomas Gilcrease Institute of American History and Art  Search this
Citation:
Ledger of drawings, [undated]. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Indian art  Search this
Theme:
Art organizations  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10016
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212829
AAA_collcode_thomgilc
Theme:
Art organizations
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212829

Rock Paintings of Baja California

Collection Creator:
University of California (System). Extension Media Center  Search this
Extent:
1 Film reel (color sound; 900 feet, 16mm)
Type:
Archival materials
Film reels
Date:
1975
Scope and Contents:
Edited film by Dr. Clement Meighan examines rock paintings at a site in Baja California discoverd in 1975. Film gives a brief introduction to representative rock paintings--petroglyphs and pictographs--throughout the world (Africa, Europe and North America), comparing the style of the Baja paintings with those elsewhere. Paintings are shown in great detail (possibly in Gardner cave) as well as demonstrating a replication of the mixing of pigments used. Narration speculates on the significance of these paintings to the American Indians who painted them.

Legacy Keywords: North America ; California archeology pictographs
General:
Local Number: HSFA 1993.24.36
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the Human Studies Film Archives may not be played.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
University of California Extension Media Center (EMC) film collection, Human Studies Film Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
University of California Extension Media Center (EMC) film collection
Archival Repository:
Human Studies Film Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pc96f45d191-f516-4280-8989-7c83a1edeca7
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-hsfa-1993-24-ref33

Indian pictographs, undeciphered writing of antiquity, near Adamana, Arizona. 6164 Interpositive

Topic:
American Indians
Publisher:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Collection Creator:
Underwood & Underwood  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (5" x 8")
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Stereoscopic photographs
Place:
Adamana (Ariz.)
Arizona
Local Numbers:
RSN 21016
General:
Currently stored in box 3.2.13 [209].
Copy and Version Identification Note:
6421
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. The original glass plate is available for inspection if necessary in the Archives Center. A limited number of fragile glass negatives and positives in the collection can be viewed directly in the Archives Center by prior appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Arizona  Search this
Art -- Arizona  Search this
Pictographs -- Arizona  Search this
Tourists -- Arizona  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Interpositives -- Glass
Stereoscopic photographs
Collection Citation:
Underwood &Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection
Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection / Series 3: Underwood & Underwood glass plates / 3.2: Underwood and Underwood Positives / RSN Numbers 20931-21026
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8765231b5-967a-449c-92ae-e68e9758e7cd
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0143-ref27293

Charles Morgan Wood photograph collection

Creator:
Wood, Charles Morgan  Search this
Extent:
142 Photographic prints
12 Copy negatives
Culture:
San Ildefonso Pueblo  Search this
Isleta Pueblo  Search this
Diné (Navajo)  Search this
Tesuque Pueblo  Search this
Hopi-Tewa  Search this
Kewa (Santo Domingo Pueblo)  Search this
Nambe Pueblo  Search this
K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo)  Search this
Laguna Pueblo  Search this
A:shiwi (Zuni)  Search this
Hopi Pueblo  Search this
Acoma Pueblo  Search this
Taos Pueblo  Search this
Hopi [First Mesa]  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Copy negatives
Place:
Santa Fe (New Mexico)
Walpi (Arizona)
Navajo Indian Reservation
Casa Grande (Ariz.)
Date:
1908-1925
Summary:
This collection includes photographic prints and copy negatives made by Charles Morgan Wood between 1908 and 1925 of indigenous communities and archaeological sites within Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona. The communities photographed include the San Ildefonso Pueblo, Isleta Pueblo, Diné (Navajo), Tesuque Pueblo, Hopi-Tewa, Kewa (Santo Domingo Pueblo), Nambe Pueblo, K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo), Laguna Pueblo, A:shiwi (Zuni), Hopi Pueblo, Acoma Pueblo, and Taos Pueblo.
Scope and Contents:
Series one includes photos taken in Arizona between 1908-1925. Photos include landscapes, buildings, and portraits of living communities posing or engaging in tasks, such as decorating pottery, blanket weaving, and grinding corn. The depicted communities include the Hopi-Tewa, Hopi Pueblo, and Diné (Navajo). Also included are photographs of archaeological sites within Arizona, including several pictographs at Betatakin. A few prints document the Diné (Navajo) mud-bathing for a head dance. Catalog numbers include N36036, N41315, P07121-P0145; P07152-P07168

Series two includes photos taken between 1920-1925 in New Mexico. Some photos depict archaeological sites and prehistoric ruins, including photos of the Bandelier National Monument, the Inscription Rock in El Morro, and cliff-dwellings in Rito de los Frijoles. This series also depicts houses, buildings, and portraits taken among living communities, including the San Ildefonso Pueblo, Diné (Navajo), Isleta Pueblo, Tesuque Pueblo, Kewa (Santo Domingo Pueblo), Taos Pueblo, Acoma Pueblo, Hopi Pueblo, Hopi-Tewa, and K'apovi (Santa Clara Pueblo). Several photos also document women selling pottery and the A:shiwi (Zuni) rain dance. Catalog numbers include N36029-N36035; N36037-N36039; P07072-P07120; P07146-P0151; P07169-P07207.

Series three includes several photos of Mesa Verde National Park in Colorado, taken between 1920 and 1925. Structures include a view of a Spruce-tee house, Cliff palace, the Balcony house, and "Navajo Canon." Catalog numbers include P07066-P07071.

Prints include P07066-P07207. Copy negatives include N36029-N36039, N41315.
Arrangement:
Arranged intro three series geographically. Arranged by catalog number within each series.
Biographical / Historical:
Charles Morgan Wood was born in 1879. He was a manufacturer and author from Dayton, Ohio. He retired to Tucson in 1923 where he pursued interests in writing, western history, and book collecting. At the time of his death in 1927, he was gathering material for a history of the Apache Indians.

Biography adapted from Arizona Historical Society.
Provenance:
Gift of Charles Morgan Wood, 1925.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).

P07133 and P07139 are restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Topic:
Archeology -- Mesa Verde, Colorado  Search this
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Charles Morgan Wood photograph collection, image #, NMAI.AC.167; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.167
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv44245b31a-42a3-4ea5-8657-83386fdc6554
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-167

MS 4085 Letter to Major Powell

Creator:
Swan, James G., 1818-1900  Search this
Addressee:
Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902  Search this
Extent:
22 Pages
Culture:
Haida  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Date:
December 7, 1880
Scope and Contents:
Discussion of tattoo marks of the Haida of Queen Charlotte Islands, B. C. and the Prince of Wales Archipelago, southern Alaska.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS 4085
Topic:
Tattooing -- Haida  Search this
Citation:
Manuscript 4085, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.MS4085
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw30aa3f22d-c42b-4159-a564-9f0b9f2b19fd
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-ms4085

Two Strikes drawing of his head and torso, with images of 4 pipes to indicate war parties led and 12 heads to indicate enemies killed

Collection Creator:
Mallery, Garrick, 1831-1894  Search this
Container:
Cabinet Artwork
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1880
Scope and Contents:
INV 08742601. Two Strikes identified as the artist by Garrick Mallery. Two inscriptions in different hands. First reads: "This is [Mr.?] Two Strike he has kill this many man he is one of the Chifes [sic]." Second reads: "Two Strike - killed twelve men, and led 4 war parties (at different times)." Graphite and colored pencil. Fig. 547, "Picture Writing of the American Indians" by Garrick Mallery, 10th Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology for 1888-89, Washington DC 1893.
Collection Restrictions:
Manuscript 2372 is open for research.

Access to Manuscript 2372 requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography / Series 3: Materials on Pictographs and Petroglyphs / 3.3: Correspondence, drawings, and photographs filed by Native American tribe or subject / Dakota / Record of exploits by Red Dog
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw30243a852-b08c-4ade-a9b0-dc4ef3483406
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2372-ref1086

Tracings of war scenes from a bison robe belonging to Black Crow

Collection Creator:
Mallery, Garrick, 1831-1894  Search this
Container:
Cabinet Artwork
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1878?
Scope and Contents:
Representation of a painted buffalo robe, with scenes of the war exploits of a number of men, each identified by a name glyph. Tracing in ink on two lengths of architects linen, adhered horizontally. P. 459, "Picture Writing of the American Indians" by Garrick Mallery, 10th Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology for 1888-89, Washington DC 1893.
Collection Restrictions:
Manuscript 2372 is open for research.

Access to Manuscript 2372 requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography / Series 3: Materials on Pictographs and Petroglyphs / 3.4: Correspondence, drawings, and photographs filed by artifact or Winter Count / Black Crow's Robe / Drawing of Black Crow's Robe
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw382bed137-33b7-4f08-bf1f-83d771e9f3d5
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2372-ref1141

Takzi drawings

Creator:
Takzi, b. ca. 1862  Search this
Collector:
Gatschet, Albert S. (Albert Samuel), 1832-1907  Search this
Collection Creator:
Mallery, Garrick, 1831-1894  Search this
Extent:
5 Drawings (graphite, crayon, and ink on cardboard and paper, 11 x 29 cm.-27 x 36 cm.)
Container:
Box 11
Culture:
Apache  Search this
Plains Apache  Search this
Indians of North America -- Southwest, New  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
1884
Scope and Contents:
Four drawings on cardboard with scenes of hunting, warfare, and mounted warriors, plus one leaf with partial copy of a drawing on each side, probably produced for publication (NAA INV 08746400).

One of the drawings was removed from a brittle substrate; see conservation files for more information.

NAA INV 08746400 is a copy of NAA INV 08742200 done by an anonymous copyist and is filed with a set of otherwise unidentified American Indian drawings also in MS 2372, Box 11. The identification of this drawing as a copy of a drawing by Takzi was made by Candace Greene.
Biographical / Historical:
Albert S. Gatschet was educated in his native Switzerland and in Germany (University of Bern; University of Berlin, Ph.D., 1892). Early in his career he pursued antiquarian research in European museums and wrote scientific articles. Among his projects was the study of the etymology of place names in Switzerland. After coming to the United States in 1869, he worked on the American Indian vocabularies collected by Oscar Loew of the United State Geographical Survey West of the 100th Meridian (Wheeler Survey); and eventually he was employed as an ethnologist with the United States Geographical and Geological Survey of the Rocky Mountain Regions (Powell Survey). He joined the staff of the Bureau of American Ethnology when it was founded in 1879 and continued there until he retired in 1905.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS.2372, Box 11
Place:
United States -- Indian Territory -- Anadarko.
United States -- Oklahoma -- Anadarko.
Album Information:
MS 2372-11 Takzi-000
Collection Restrictions:
Manuscript 2372 is open for research.

Access to Manuscript 2372 requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography / Series 3: Materials on Pictographs and Petroglyphs / 3.3: Correspondence, drawings, and photographs filed by Native American tribe or subject / Unidentified Drawing and Picture Writing / 5 Drawings
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw34c13ae7b-1956-453c-a64f-49dc81be5bd9
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2372-ref1338

Lean Wolf drawings

Creator:
Lean Wolf.  Search this
Collector:
Hoffman, Walter James, 1846-1899.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Mallery, Garrick, 1831-1894  Search this
Extent:
13 Drawings (graphite, colored pencil, and ink on cardboard and paper, 12 x 16 cm.)
Culture:
Minitari (Hidatsa)  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Drawings
Ledger drawings
Date:
1881
Scope and Contents:
Scenes of hunting, warfare, and village life representing events in the life of the artist, as identified in captions on verso of many images. Drawn on blank backs of ruled, printed index cards.
Biographical / Historical:
Lean Wolf, also known as Poor Wolf. Name transcribed as Tce-caq-a-daq-a-qic by Mallery, who identified him as a chief of the Hidatsa. He was reportedly born in 1820, and was part of a delegation photographed in Washington in 1880.

Walter J. Hoffman, 1846-1899, was a BAE employee who assisted Garrick Mallery with his study of sign language. He visited Fort Berthold, Dakota in 1881 to collect data.
Local Numbers:
NAA MS.2372, Box 11
Local Note:
These drawings were intermixed with other Hidatsa drawings, but appear to have been created on a different occasion.
Place:
United States -- Dakota Territory -- Fort Berthold Agency.
United States -- North Dakota -- Fort Berthold Indian Reservation.
Album Information:
MS 2372-11 LW-000
Collection Restrictions:
Manuscript 2372 is open for research.

Access to Manuscript 2372 requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Genre/Form:
Ledger drawings
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography / Series 3: Materials on Pictographs and Petroglyphs / 3.3: Correspondence, drawings, and photographs filed by Native American tribe or subject / Hidatsa / Manuscript 2372: Box 11: Hidatsa
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3aa20f25f-8f7f-4516-b382-1150354d52ae
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2372-ref1339

Pictographs on Cliff in Temple Creek Canyon Drawing

Creator:
Gilbert, G. K.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Mallery, Garrick, 1831-1894  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (leaf)
Container:
Box 9
Culture:
American Indian  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Works of art
Date:
AUG 1875
Scope and Contents:
Series of Fiugres: Animals, Humans, Tracks, and Other Representations
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.08740200

NAA MS.2372: Box 9:
Local Note:
drawing
Collection Restrictions:
Manuscript 2372 is open for research.

Access to Manuscript 2372 requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Works of art
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography / Series 3: Materials on Pictographs and Petroglyphs / 3.1: Correspondence, drawings, and photographs filed by U.S. state and county (or other locality) / Utah
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw30a39fd5b-1815-44bb-a32a-fe1d3440705b
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2372-ref1341
Online Media:

Pictographs on Cliff in Temple Creek Canyon Drawing

Creator:
Gilbert, G. K.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Mallery, Garrick, 1831-1894  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (leaf)
Container:
Box 9
Culture:
American Indian  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Works of art
Date:
SEP 1876
Scope and Contents:
Portion of Pictographs of Serial Number 08740200
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.08740300

NAA MS.2372: Box 9:
Local Note:
drawing
Collection Restrictions:
Manuscript 2372 is open for research.

Access to Manuscript 2372 requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Works of art
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography / Series 3: Materials on Pictographs and Petroglyphs / 3.1: Correspondence, drawings, and photographs filed by U.S. state and county (or other locality) / Utah
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3d3a8eeda-4f83-4b24-8ce8-1e6ba61a9481
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2372-ref1342
Online Media:

Pictographs on Cliff in Temple Creek Canyon Drawing

Creator:
Gilbert, G. K.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Mallery, Garrick, 1831-1894  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (leaf)
Container:
Box 9
Culture:
American Indian  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Works of art
Date:
SEP 1876
Scope and Contents:
Portion of Pictographs of Serial Number 08740200
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.08740400

NAA MS.2372: Box 9:
Local Note:
drawing
Collection Restrictions:
Manuscript 2372 is open for research.

Access to Manuscript 2372 requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Works of art
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography / Series 3: Materials on Pictographs and Petroglyphs / 3.1: Correspondence, drawings, and photographs filed by U.S. state and county (or other locality) / Utah
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3ff224207-88d4-49a6-8b07-558fd36caf99
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2372-ref1343

Pictographs on Cliff in Temple Creek Canyon, Utah Drawing

Creator:
Gilbert, G. K.  Search this
Collection Creator:
Mallery, Garrick, 1831-1894  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (leaf)
Container:
Box 9
Culture:
American Indian  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Works of art
Date:
SEP 1876
Scope and Contents:
Bound Notebook with Pictographs and Two Landscapes
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.08740500

NAA MS.2372: Box 9:
Local Note:
drawing
Collection Restrictions:
Manuscript 2372 is open for research.

Access to Manuscript 2372 requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Works of art
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography / Series 3: Materials on Pictographs and Petroglyphs / 3.1: Correspondence, drawings, and photographs filed by U.S. state and county (or other locality) / Utah
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3b22be9b3-2d09-4109-ac2d-eede92cbc398
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2372-ref1344

Indian Record on Sandstone Cliff in Rocky Mountains Drawing

Creator:
Bruff  Search this
Collection Creator:
Mallery, Garrick, 1831-1894  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (leaf)
Container:
Box 9
Culture:
American Indian  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Works of art
Date:
07 AUG 1849
Scope and Contents:
Five Men Wearing Fur Costumes; Two Ponies Nearby
Local Numbers:
NAA INV.08740600

NAA MS.2372: Box 9:
Local Note:
drawing
Collection Restrictions:
Manuscript 2372 is open for research.

Access to Manuscript 2372 requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Genre/Form:
Works of art
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography / Series 3: Materials on Pictographs and Petroglyphs / 3.1: Correspondence, drawings, and photographs filed by U.S. state and county (or other locality) / Utah
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw339c91448-ebaa-4c6e-9097-2d37e4740550
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2372-ref1345
Online Media:

Battiste Good's Winter Count

Collection Creator:
Mallery, Garrick, 1831-1894  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1880
Scope and Contents:
Battiste Good's Lakota name was Wapostangi, or Brown Hat. He was a Brule born in 1821.
Collection Restrictions:
Manuscript 2372 is open for research.

Access to Manuscript 2372 requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Collection Citation:
Manuscript 2372, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography
MS 2372 Garrick Mallery Collection on Sign Language and Pictography / Series 3: Materials on Pictographs and Petroglyphs / 3.4: Correspondence, drawings, and photographs filed by artifact or Winter Count
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3e64b7623-3995-40ef-90db-2765f6c70cd8
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-naa-ms2372-ref492

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