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Boston Water Works Collection

Creator:
Vogel, Robert M.  Search this
Boston Water Works.  Search this
Extent:
0.3 Cubic feet (5 Boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Later prints
Place:
Boston (Mass.)
Date:
1895-1932
Summary:
The collection consists of cyanotype and silver gelatin photographs, print negatives, publications, stamps, and a glass plate negative, documenting the Metropolitan Water Works during its construction.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of four series. Series 1,Cyanotype photographs and Series 2,Cyanotype photographs contain a total 877 cyanotype photographs.

Series 3, contains 128 silver gelatin photographs, 14 print negatives.

Series 4, contains one glass plate negative, two stamps and two publications.

The material's from 1895 to 1919. The material is arranged by number.

Overall the cyanotype photographs are in good condition while some show signs of water damage. Images depict different installations of the Boston Waterworks system, views of pumping stations being installed and in operation as well as views of water mains. The first publication relates to the Metropolitan District Water supply tunnel from the Ware River to the Wachusett Reservoir and the second publication relates to the Boston Society of Civil Engineers excursion to water supply from the Metropolitan District, October 22, 1932. The stamps were used to label the cyanotype photographs with the name of the collection, date it was received, and the museum division name.
Arrangement:
The Collection is organized into three series.

Series 1: Cyanotype Photographs, 1897-1919

Series 2: Silver Gelatin Photographs, 1896-1921

Series 3: Glass Plate Negative, Stamps, and Publications, 1932
Biographical:
In 1846, the city of Boston established the first municipal water utility in order to maintain and operate the Cochituate Water Works, known as the Boston Water Commissioners. In 1850, the Cochituate Water Board is established.In 1865, the Mystic Water Board was established. In 1875 the Cochituate Water Board and Mystic Water Board merge to create the Boston Water Board. Later in 1895, the Boston Water Board was abolished, which lead to the establishment of the Metropolitan Water Board, resulting in the transfer of maintenances and operations of the Boston Water Board to the Metropolitan Water Board as well as the Spot Pond Water Works of the towns of Melrose, Malden and Medford. The Boston Water Board then became known as the Boston Water Department. In 1901, the Metropolitan Water Board merged with the Board of Metropolitan Sewerage Commissioners to form the Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Board. In 1919, the Metropolitan Park Commission merges with the Metropolitan Water and Sewerage Board to form the Metropolitan District Commission (MDC).

Source

Historical note was provided courtesy of: Sean M. Fisher, Archivist, DCR Archives, Office of Cultural Resources, Bureau of Planning and Resource Protection, MA Department of Conservation and Recreation, 251 Causeway St., Suite 600, Boston, MA 02114-2119
Related Materials:
Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives

Metropolitan Water Works photograph collection, 1876-1930 (bulk 1895-1921)

Series includes photographic documentation of the Boston Water Board's construction between 1890 and 1895, representing the Hopkinton Reservoir and Dam, and Sudbury Reservoir and Dam; and the photographic documentation of the Metropolitan Water Works system through three successive state agencies between 1895 and 1926.
Provenance:
The collection was acquired by Curator Robert Vogel, Division of Work and Industry, National Museum of American History, 1964-1965.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Water utilities -- Massachusetts  Search this
Water tunnels -- Massachusetts  Search this
Water supply -- Massachusetts  Search this
Tunnels -- Massachusetts  Search this
Pumping stations  Search this
Dams -- Massachusetts  Search this
Waterworks -- Massachusetts  Search this
Water-supply engineers -- Massachusetts  Search this
Water-supply engineering -- Massachusetts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- 1900-1950
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- 1890-1900
Later prints
Citation:
Boston Water Works Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1117
See more items in:
Boston Water Works Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1117

Lynn Turner Family Photographs

Collector:
Turner, Lynn  Search this
Photographer:
Applegate  Search this
Filson & Son  Search this
Bairstow, J. B.  Search this
Names:
Library of Congress  Search this
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Extent:
0.3 Cubic feet (1 document box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Cabinet photographs
Albums
Snapshots
Tintypes
Place:
Alexandria (Va.) -- 1860-1920
Washington (D.C.) -- 1860-1920
Date:
circa 1865-1918
Summary:
This collection consists of two photograph albums and a number of individual photographs (tintypes and cabinet prints, all portraits), from the turn of the century to approximately 1918. The cabinet prints are from Pennsylvania and Ohio studios. Most of the snapshots seem to have been taken in and around Washington, D.C.
Scope and Contents:
This collection is composed of two photograph albums and a number of individual photographs. The group includes nineteenth-century material (tintypes and cabinet prints, all portraits), but most of the items are from the turn of the century to approximately 1918. Studio portraits as well as amateur snapshots are included. The cabinet prints are from Pennsylvania and Ohio studios. Most of the snapshots mounted in the two albums seem to have been taken in and around Washington, D.C., and include numerous familiar buildings and scenery. The albums are in poor condition, as number 1 is 'without a cover, and most of the pages are separated from the cover of number 2. Photographers represented include (?) Applegate, J. B. Bairstow, and Filson & Son.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged by type.
Biographical / Historical:
These photographs are from the family of Ms. Evelyn (Lynn) Turner.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Evelyn or Lynn Turner, 1986, June 1.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Sailors  Search this
Portraits -- 19th century  Search this
Soldiers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- 1900-1950
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1850-1900
Cabinet photographs
Albums
Snapshots -- 1900-1920
Tintypes
Citation:
Lynn Turner Family Photographs, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0210
See more items in:
Lynn Turner Family Photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0210

Leon Weinraub Chicago World's Fair Scrapbook

Collector:
Weinraub, Leon  Search this
Names:
Century of Progress International Exposition (1933-1934 : Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
Extent:
0.3 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Postcards
Menus
Scrapbooks
Place:
Chicago (Ill.)
Date:
1933
Summary:
One scrapbook, assembled by Leon Weinraub, documenting the 1933 Chicago World's Fair. The scrapbook contains postcards, photographs, menus, and other ephemera from the Fair.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of a souvenir scrapbook printed by the organizers of the 1933 Chicago World's Fair. Contents from the Fair include: Postcards, admission pass (signed by Jean Harlowe), photos, autographs, correspondence, menus, caricatures, and other ephemera. Leon Weinraub included additional material from 1924 and 1934-1937 (not inclusive). These items are an address book, photos, correspondence and newspaper clippings. Materials consist of approximately 1 cubic foot.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into one series.
Biographical / Historical:
Leon Weinraub was born in 1910. He was a member of the Evening Sun Newsboy's Band in Baltimore Maryland. In 1933 he was in Chicago attending the University of Chicago art school. He was also an employee at the Antiseptic Super Bandage exhibit at the World's Fair. After the fair ended, he worked for the Typewriter Specialists and changed his name to Leon Traub.
Provenance:
Leon Weinraub's daughter, Ms. Gail Leon of Bethesda, Maryland, donated this scrapbook in 2000.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research and access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Exhibitions -- 1930-1940 -- Chicago (Ill.)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1930-1940
Postcards -- 1930-1940
Menus
Scrapbooks -- 1900-1950
Citation:
Leon Weinraub 1933 Chicago World's Fair Scrapbook, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0746
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0746

Japanese American Documentary Collection

Creator:
Tanaka, Peter, Dr.  Search this
Tsukamoto, Mary  Search this
McGovern, Melvin  Search this
Nitta, Eugene T.  Search this
Ishimoto, Norman  Search this
Source:
Armed Forces History, Division of (NMAH, SI).  Search this
Former owner:
Armed Forces History, Division of (NMAH, SI).  Search this
Names:
Japanese Americans Citizens League  Search this
Emi, Frank  Search this
Hashimoto, M.  Search this
Kamikawa, Juichi  Search this
Kamikawa, Kazu, Mrs.  Search this
Kawashiri  Search this
Kihari, Shigeya  Search this
Matsumoto  Search this
Miyake, Takashi  Search this
Oliver, Floyd A.  Search this
Ozamoto, T.  Search this
Vogel, Mabel Rose  Search this
Wakabayashi, Ron  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (3 boxes and 1 oversized folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Typescripts
Passports
Albums
Books
Cartoons (humorous images)
Christmas cards
Comic books
Newsletters
Panoramas
Personal papers
Photograph albums
Photographs
Posters
Ration books
Scrapbooks
Telegrams
Place:
Minidoka
Manzanar
Idaho
Amache (Calif.)
California -- 1940-1950
Date:
1900s-1993
Scope and Contents:
The collection is an assortment of souvenirs and memorabilia, which have survived the years since World War II. Many of them, Christmas cards, high school graduation programs, notes to friends, snapshots, and photographic prints in the form of dance programs reflect the interests and concerns of all teenagers. There are camp newsletters and Japanese passports, identification cards, ration books, meal passes, posters; a photograph album contains both family photographs and a record of achievements of members of the Kamikawa family. There is a transcript of a taped interview with Mrs. Kamikawa, who was nearly 90 in February 1982, the time of the interview. A book, Lone Heart Mountain by Estelle Ishigo, portrays in text and sketches life in the relocation centers.

The collection has been filed under the name of each donor rather than by subject such as passports, newsletters, photographs. With very few exceptions the material is in good condition. The historical sketch of the Matsumoto family tree in the photograph album is badly damaged.
Arrangement:
1 series, arranged alphabetically by donor.
Biographical / Historical:
On December 7, 1941, the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor and the United States went to war. On February 19, 1942, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9066 authorizing the military to exclude "any and all persons" from designated areas of the United States to protect the national defense. Thus, without the imposition of martial law, the military were given authority over the civilian population.

Under this order, nearly 120,000 men, women and children of Japanese ancestry, nearly two thirds of who were United States citizens, were forced out of their homes and into detention camps in isolated areas of the west. Many of them spent the years of the war living under armed guards, and behind barbed wire. Children spent their school days in the camps, young men left to volunteer or be drafted for military service. The War Relocation Authority administered the camps.

This collection of documentary materials relates to the involuntary relocation of Japanese Americans was collected by the Division of Armed Forces History in connection with the exhibit A More Perfect Union: Japanese Americans and the United States Constitution at the National Museum of American History in 1988. The donors either were members of the Japanese American Citizens League or reached through the League. Interesting and revealing information is available about a few of the donors. They were primarily teenagers or young adults at the time of the relocation and the materials in the collection reflect their interests and concerns. Juichi Kamikawa, who had completed a year of college in Fresno, California, graduated from the Corcoran School of Art in Washington, D.C. after the war and became a respected artist. His family record is one of distinction in both Japan and the United States for several generations. Masuichi Kamikawa, his father, received the Order of the Sacred Treasure from the Japanese Emperor for outstanding contributions to the cultural heritage of Japan. Among achievements cited were his work in merchandizing and banking in Fresno, California. Mary Tsukamoto is one of the contributors to the video conversations in the exhibit. She is a retired teacher who was 27 years old in 1942 and a long time resident of Florin, California. Along with her entire family, she was sent to the center at Jerome, Arkansas. Mabel Rose Vogel taught high school at one of the camps, Rowher Center, Arkansas.
Related Materials:
The Division of Armed Forces History will have additional documents collected for the exhibit, A More Perfect Union, described above, that may be useful. Another collection on this topic in the Archives Center is collection #450, the Gerald Lampoley Collection of Japanese American Letters, 1942 1943, a collection of six letters written by Japanese Americans to their former teacher. Researchers may also refer to the records of the War Relocation Authority, Record Group 210, or those of the United States Commands, 1947 , Record Group 338, in the National Archives. Further, the National Headquarters of the Japanese American Citizens League in San Francisco, California, and the Japanese American National Museum in Los Angeles, California, maintain related collections.
Provenance:
Donated by a number of Japanese Americans, many of whom are members of the Japanese American Citizens League, headquartered in San Francisco. This material was acquired for inclusion in the exhibition, A More Perfect Union, described above, but was not placed on display for one reason or another. In certain instances, items in this collection were omitted from the exhibit if they were considered too fragile or too sensitive to prolonged exposure to light. It is possible that related items, currently on display, ultimately will be transferred to the Archives Center; if this occurs, it would be useful to distinguish between the two groups of exhibited and undisplayed materials. Transferred from the Division of Armed Forces History, June 1988.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.

Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow. Collection located at off-site storage area.

Viewing film portion of collection requires special appointment, please inquire; listening to LP recordings only possible by special arrangement. Do not use original materials when available on reference video or audio tapes.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: fees for commercial use. All duplication requests must be reviewed and approved by Archives Center staff.
Topic:
Military history, Modern  Search this
Concentration camps -- 1942-1945 -- United States  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Genre/Form:
Typescripts -- 1940-1950
Passports
Albums -- 1940-1950
Books
Cartoons (humorous images) -- 20th century
Christmas cards
Comic books
Newsletters -- 1940-1950
Panoramas
Personal papers -- 1940-1950
Photograph albums -- 1940-1950
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1940-1950
Posters -- 1940-1960
Ration books
Scrapbooks -- 1900-1950
Telegrams -- 1940-1950
Citation:
Japanese American Documentary Collection, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0305
See more items in:
Japanese American Documentary Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0305
Online Media:

Ivory Soap Essay Contest Collection

Creator:
Nixon, Helen  Search this
Ellis, Winifred  Search this
Extent:
9 Items
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Letters (correspondence)
Photographs
Articles
Date:
1940.
Summary:
Documents saved by the winner of an essay contest, including: two congratulatory telegrams, two letters, three photographs of the winner with the car she won, an article, and an owner identification card from the car dealer.
Scope and Contents note:
The collection consists of documents about Helen Nixon's award-winning essay in the 1940 Ivory Soap contest, including a telegram and letter from Proctor & Gamble notifying her that she had won, a similar letter from Texaco, three photographs taken when she received the keys to her new Buick, and an owner's identification card for the car.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into one series.
Biographical/Historical note:
Helen Nixon, a dietician at Wichita General Hospital in Wichita Falls, Texas, was the winner of a nationwide essay contest sponsored by the Proctor & Gamble Company in 1940. Contestants were asked to finish the statement, "I like Ivory Soap because…" in 25 words or less. Nixon's award-winning essay expounded upon the soap's "general utilitarian value...which meant more convenience and greater economy in every household," according to an article about her in The Bulletin of Texas Dietetic Association. Her prizes included a Buick Eight Sedan, one thousand gallons of Texaco gasoline, and a fifty dollar certificate for automobile accessories.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

The Ivory Soap Advertising Collection, 1883-1990 (NMAH.AC.0791)
Provenance:
This collection was donated by Helen Nixon's niece, Winifred N. Ellis, 2002.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research and access on site by appointment. Unprotected photographs must be handled with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Soap  Search this
Contests  Search this
Genre/Form:
Letters (correspondence) -- 1900-1950
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1940-1950
Articles
Citation:
Ivory Soap Essay Contest Collection, 1940, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0818
See more items in:
Ivory Soap Essay Contest Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0818

Charles Rivers Photographs

Creator:
Rivers, Charles, 1904-1993  Search this
Names:
Chrysler Building (New York, N.Y.) -- Pictorial works  Search this
Empire State Building (New York, N.Y.) -- Construction--1929-1930  Search this
Pathe News  Search this
Bates, Ruby  Search this
Extent:
0.5 Cubic feet (4 boxes )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Scrapbooks
Albums
Place:
New York (N.Y.) -- 1920-1930
Washington (D.C.) -- 1960-1970
Date:
1929-1963
bulk 1929-1930
Scope and Contents:
The collection contains: twenty-nine silver gelatin photoprints mounted on Fome-Core, Masonite, and cardboard, ranging in size from 5-1/2" x 9-1/4" to 10-11/16" x 13-13/16"; three 5" x 7" unmounted silver gelatin photoprints; a scrapbook which originally contained 56 silver gelatin photoprints, ranging in size from 2" x 3" to 7-1/2" x 9-1/2"; and silver gelatin film negatives (presumably acetate) for the prints. The scrapbook includes a New York Daily News clipping about Rivers: "Builds a Bridge to Students" by Anthony Burton (dated May 12, 1970 by Rivers) with a photograph showing him speaking to a crowd, Most of the photographs depict the construction of the Chrysler and Empire State Buildings--iron workers on the job and relaxing during breaks, and pictures of the buildings at various stages of completion. Other subjects are: a demonstration to prevent World War II (1935), a color photoprint of the Civil Rights March and Demonstration in Washington, D.C. (1963), and two magazine clippings from a Soviet publication, New Times, in which Rivers's prize-winning "Self Portrait" (1930) was reproduced.

Most of these prints were made by Charles Rivers many years after the creation of the original negatives, probably ca.1970s 1980s. The collection is in generally good condition, except that many of the print surfaces are scratched.
Biographical / Historical:
Charles Rivers created a certain amount of confusion about his origins, whether accidentally or intentionally. Born Constantinos Kapornaros[1] (or Kostandinos Kapernaros)[2] in the small town of Vahos in Mani, an isolated area in the southern Peloponnesian region of Greece, on May 20, 1904, he emigrated to the United States as a child of five or six with his parents. His school record showed that he was enrolled in 1911 at the age of seven.[3] The family lived in Maine or New Hampshire, then Massachusetts, and later other locations in New York state. It is believed that his new name was derived from the Charles River in Boston.[4] The change may have been occasioned by a need to conceal his deep involvement in left-wing political and union activities.[5] Mr. Rivers settled in New York City in 1950 and resided there until 1993.[6] He sometimes identified his birthplace as Denver, Colorado,[7] but this may have been a fabrication or simplification, based on the fact that Greek church baptismal records were kept in Denver.[8] His sons James and Ronald believe that he never became an official American citizen. Late in life, in order to visit his birthplace, he was issued a passport, based on his school records, which stated that he was born in Denver. Rivers photographed the construction of the Chrysler Building (1929) and the Empire State Building (1930) in New York City. He was inspired to take up photography by seeing the work of the influential documentary photographer Lewis Hine, whose famous images of working children helped win passage of protective child labor laws. Rivers and Hine both photographed the Empire State Building and the men building it, yet Rivers apparently was unaware until years later that his idol had been present. Employed as an iron worker, Rivers traded his pail of tools for a Zeiss Ikon[9] camera during his lunch hour or when photographic opportunities arose. While the workers depicted in some of the photographs clearly are aware of the photographer's presence, Rivers's project presumably was conducted more or less surreptitiously. It is not known for certain if the paths of Rivers and Hine ever crossed, but his son Ron considers it unlikely: Hine photographed only the Empire State Building in connection with his "Men at Work" project,[10] not the earlier Chrysler Building, and Rivers did not work on the Empire State Building for a very long period. His self-portrait on the Empire State Building, "The Bolter-Up," may have been intended as a memento during one of his last days on that job.[11]

Rivers became unemployed in the Depression and consequently became involved in national efforts to create Social Security, unemployment insurance, and housing programs. These experiences apparently encouraged his active participation in politically leftist activities, as coverage about him in Soviet publications attests. A pacifist, in 1935 he was involved in demonstrations aimed at preventing World War II, and in the 1960s he took part in anti-Vietnam demonstrations and encouraged young people to continue such resistance.

In the 1950s Rivers worked in steel fabrication, in a chemistry lab as a technician, and briefly as a legislative aide for a New York state senator.

In 1986 Rivers submitted his 1930 self-portrait, posed on the Chrysler Building, to the International Year of Peace art contest sponsored by the New Times, published in Moscow: it was awarded a prize and diploma.

Mr. Rivers died in 1993, only two weeks after moving to Arlington, Texas to enter a nursing home near his sons' homes.

1. The page on Rivers in New York University=s Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives web site (http://laborarts.org/collections/item.cfm?itemid=82) --noted 5 June 2002), claims Rivers was born in 1905 and changed his name Ato resemble those of the Mohawk Indians working on the high steel of New York City=s skyscrapers and bridges".

2. This spelling is given in an e-mail from James Rivers to Helen Plummer, Aug. 19, 2002.

3. Ibid.

4. Telephone conversation between Ron Rivers and the author, 6 June 2002. Additional information was provided by Ron Rivers in electronic mail messages, 5 June and 12 June 2002.

5. James Rivers, op. cit.

6. Telephone conversation with Ron Rivers, 6 June 2002.

7. In a biographical statement for the Amon Carter Museum of Western Art (copy supplied by Helen Plummer), Charles Rivers called Denver his birthplace. The George Eastman House photographer database also included this apparently erroneous information, probably derived from the Amon Carter statement (telephone conversation with Helen Plummer, 3 June 2002).

8. Ron Rivers, telephone conversation, 6 June 2002.

9. Identified by Charles Rivers as the camera used in the skyscraper photographs: interview by Carol Sewell, "Photographer looked at U.S. from high view," Fort Worth Star-Telegram, Dec. 27, 1986. Rivers also used a Rolleiflex, according to Ron Rivers (see note above), but the folding Zeiss Ikon camera would have been a more convenient addition to a lunchbox than the bulkier Rolleiflex. The collection negatives are not in the Rolleiflex square format, moreover.

10. See Judith Mara Gutman, Lewis W. Hine and the American social conscience. New York: Walker, 1967.

11. Ron Rivers, telephone conversation, 6 June 2002.
Related Materials:
Materials at the Smithsonian Institution

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden

Included Rivers's self-portrait, "The Bolter Up," in its summer 2002 exhibition, "Metropolis in the Machine Age," in the form of a new print made from a digital copy of the Archives Center's original negative. The author discussed the new print from the Rivers negative and other photographs in this exhibition in an invited gallery lecture, "The Skyscraper Photographs of Lewis Hine and Charles Rivers," Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, June 6, 2002.

Materials at Other Organizations

Amon Carter Museum, Fort Worth, Texas

See Barbara McCandless and John Rohrbach, Singular moments: photographs from the Amon Carter Museum, with select entries by Helen Plummer. Reproduction of a Rivers photograph, with description and analysis, p. 30. Additional information has been generously supplied by Ms. Plummer, curatorial associate, and Barbara McCandless, curator of photography, Amon Carter Museum of Western Art, Fort Worth Texas.

Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives at New York University

Museum of the City of New York

Some of his photographs were included in the Amon Carter Museum of Western Art exhibition, "Looking at America: Documentary Photographs of the 1930s and 1940s," December 1986.
Provenance:
The collection is a gift from Mr. Charles Rivers, 1989.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Archives Center claims copyright. Rights were conveyed to the Archives Center through a Deed of Gift signed by the donor.
Topic:
Self-portraits, American  Search this
Iron and steel workers -- 1920-1930 -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Construction workers -- 1900-1950 -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Structural steel workers -- 1920-1930 -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Labor unions  Search this
Civil rights demonstrations -- 1960-1970  Search this
Skyscrapers -- 1920-1930 -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Civil rights  Search this
Peace movements -- 1960-1970  Search this
Peace movements -- 1930-1940  Search this
Scottsoro boys case  Search this
Fires  Search this
Scottsboro Trial, Scottsboro, Ala., 1931  Search this
Self-portraits  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1950
Scrapbooks -- 20th century
Albums
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1970-1990
Citation:
Charles Rivers Photographs, 1929-1963, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0360
See more items in:
Charles Rivers Photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0360
Online Media:

Clyde W. Stauffer Family Photograph Album

Photographer:
Stauffer, Clyde Weaver, 1899-1984 (policeman)  Search this
Stauffer, Clyde Weaver, Mrs.  Search this
Names:
New York World's Fair (1939-1940)  Search this
Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States -- 1930-1940  Search this
Anderson, Eddie "Rochester"  Search this
Robinson, Bill, 1878-1949  Search this
Extent:
0.1 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Tickets
Albums
Photographs
Postcards
Place:
Bryce Canyon National Park -- photographs -- 1930-1940 -- Utah
Wyoming -- photographs -- 1930-1940
Colorado -- photographs -- 1930-1940
Los Angeles (Calif.) -- photographs -- 1930-1940
South Dakota -- photographs -- 1930-1940
Florida -- photographs -- 1930-1940
Georgia -- photographs -- 1930-1940
Tennessee -- photographs -- 1930-1940
Zion National Park (Utah) -- photographs -- 1930-1940
Kentucky -- photographs -- 1930-1940
Mt. Rushmore S.D. -- photographs -- 1930-1940
Black Hills (S.D. and Wyo.) -- photographs -- 1930-1940
Badlands National Park (S.D.) -- 1930-1940 photographs
Date:
1935 - 1940
Summary:
The collection consists of a disassembled photograph album, featuring images from the travels of Stauffer and his wife.
Scope and Contents:
This album consists of 109 loose pages, bearing a total of 134 black and white silver gelatin photoprints, some postcards, and a photomechanical reproduction clipped from a publication, with a 1939 World's Fair ticket stub. The subjects of the photographs include: Lincoln's birthplace and other sites in Kentucky; Tennessee; Georgia; Florida; Boston and Cambridge, Massachusetts; the 1939 New York World's Fair, ships in Battery Park and Manhattan buildings; the ships The Normandie, The Queen Mary, and The U.S.S. Constitution and the Southern Clipper airplane; the Badlands and Black Hills of South Dakota, Cathedral Spires and Mount Rushmore portrait busts during construction; Yellowstone National Park and Wyoming; Rocky Mountain National Park, Pikes Peak and Denver, Colorado; Bryce Canyon, the Mormon Temple, Zion National Park, Salt Lake City and other areas of Utah; Boulder Dam; Santa Catalina Island; Carlsbad Caverns; and celebrities Bill Robinson and Eddie "Rochester" Anderson at a barbecue in Los Angeles. There are also photographs of the Stauffers and of friends whom they visited during their travels.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into
Biographical / Historical:
Born in Alliance, Ohio on November 28, 1899, Clyde Stauffer served in the U.S. Navy from November 8, 1917 to July 31, 1919. He later worked as a police officer in Detroit, Michigan. He and his wife were active in the Veterans of Foreign Wars police post in Detroit, serving terms as post commander and president of the Women's Auxiliary, respectively. They traveled extensively throughout the United States to attend VFW meetings, and the album forms a record of their travels during the years 1935-1940. After retirement from the Detroit police force, the Stauffers moved to Oscoda, Michigan, and he worked at Wurtsmith Air Force Base. Later they lived in Tucson, Arizona. Stauffer died in August, 1984.

Album forms a record of vacation travel by Mr. and Mrs. Clyde W. Stauffer, 1935-1940. Their travels were occasioned by Mr. Stauffer's position as commander of the Veterans of Foreign Wars police post of Detroit, Michigan, and the need to attend V.F.W. meetings around the country. Mrs. Stauffer was president of the V.F.W. auxiliary. Mr. and Mrs. James H. Stern met the Stauffers in Oscoda, Michigan, and both families eventually relocated in Tucson, Arizona.
Provenance:
This collection was bequeathed by Clyde W. Stauffer in August 1984. Mr. Stern, as administrator of the estate, sent the album to the Museum.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Automobile travel -- Photographs -- 1930-1940 -- U.S.A.  Search this
National parks and reserves  Search this
Vacations -- Photographs -- 1930-1940  Search this
Travel -- Photographs -- 1930-1940  Search this
Parks -- Photographs -- 1930-1940 -- U.S.A.  Search this
Recreation -- Photographs -- 1930-1940 -- U.S.A.  Search this
Veterans -- societies, etc -- United States  Search this
African American entertainers -- 20th century  Search this
Veterans -- Photographs -- 1930-1940  Search this
Exhibitions -- 1930-1940 -- New York  Search this
Entertainers -- 1930-1940  Search this
Genre/Form:
Tickets -- World's Fair, 1939 -- New York (N.Y.)
Albums
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- 1900-1950
Postcards
Citation:
Clyde W. Stauffer Family Photograph Album, 1935-1940, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0139
See more items in:
Clyde W. Stauffer Family Photograph Album
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0139
Online Media:

United Shoe Machinery Corporation Records

Creator:
United Shoe Machinery Corporation  Search this
Names:
Emhart Corporation.  Search this
Extent:
145 Cubic feet (296 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Papers
Photographs
House organs
Catalogs
Scrapbooks
Commercial catalogs
Albums
Magazines (periodicals)
Advertisements
Clippings
Research
Legal records
Motion pictures (visual works)
16mm motion picture film
Business records
Place:
Massachusetts
Beverly (Mass.)
New England
Date:
1898 - 1987
Summary:
The collection documents the activities of the United Shoe Machinery Corporation of Beverly, Massachusetts, manufacturers of shoe machinery equipment. The collection consists of engineering records, legal records, research and development records, employee/personnel records, correspondence, company catalogs, product literature, advertising materials, photographs, and moving images.
Scope and Contents:
This collection is among the largest and most complete bodies of business records in the holdings of the Archives Center. The records document in considerable detail the firm's engineering department and research and development efforts in shoe making machinery and in related technical areas, especially during World War II and as it attempted to diversify its activities after the war. There is detailed information, much of it on microfilm, about the leasing of United Shoe Machinery (USM) machines. The records also provide insight into the USM's culture of corporate paternalism, including its athletic and relief associations and its industrial school. The collection is rich in visual materials depicting both the machines made by the firm and the employees and the facilities.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into seventeen series.

Series 1: Historical and Background Materials, 1901-1985

Series 2: Executive Records, 1927-1987

Subseries 2.1: United Shoe Machinery, 1927-1975

Subseries 2.2: Emhart Corporation, 1976-1987

Series 3: Correspondence, 1890, 1901-1915

Series 4: Wilson Palmer Files, 1925-1952

Series 5: Research and Development Department Records, 1914-1980

Subseries 5.1: Background, 1947-1974

Subseries 5.2: Financial Information, 1947-1975

Subseries 5.3: Reports, 1962-1973

Subseries 5.4: Facilities, 1947-1975

Subseries 5.5: Personnel, 1942-1979

Subseries 5.6: Labor, 1961-1970

Subseries 5.7: Subject Files, 1943-1977

Subseries 5.8: Project Files, 1914-1968

Subseries 5.9: New Development (ND) Project Files, 1924-1970

Subseries 5.10: Experimental (EX) Project Files, 1931-1938

Subseries 5.11: Automatic Controls Project, 1939-1979

Subseries 5.12: Baseball Stitching Machine Projects, 1949-1973

Subseries 5.13: Component Inserting Projects, 1954-1960

Subseries 5.14: Automatic Control Research Notebooks, 1939-1976

Subseries 5.15: Baseball Stitching Machine Research Notebooks, 1942-1956

Subseries 5.16: Component Inserting Research Notebooks, 1956-1965

Subseries 5.17, General Research Notebooks, 1939-1968

Series 6: Legal Records, 1900-1968

Subseries 6.1: Court Exhibits for Machine History, 1910-1951 (bulk 1948-1950)

Subseries 6.2: Leases, Cancellation Letters, Shipments, and Transfers (Microfilm), 1900-1958

Subseries 6.3: Patent Search, 1949

Series 7: Engineering Records, 1904-1979

Series 8: Employee/Personnel Materials, 1908-1981

Series 9: Mutual Relief Association Incorporated, 1902-1951

Series 10: Athletic Association, 1929-1962

Series 11: Industrial School Records, 1909-1938

Subseries 11.1: English for American Citizenship (Industrial Series), 1912, 1919-1921

Subseries 11.2: English for American Citizenship (Intermediate Series), 1921

Subseries 11.3: Text Books, 1909-1938

Series 12: Northwestern University Students' Cooperative Work, 1951-1960

Series 13: Aberthaw Construction Company Records, 1918-1920

Subseries 13.1: Correspondence, 1918-1919

Subseries 13.2: Reports, 1919-1921

Subseries 13.3: Purchase Orders, 1919-1920

Subseries 13.4: Receiving Records, 1919-1920

Series 14: Publications, 1898-1987

Subseries 14.1: United Shoe Machinery Corporation Catalogs, circa 1899-1961

Subseries 14.2: Beverly Today, 1979-1985

Subseries 14.3: Machinery Division Newsletter,1969-1970

Subseries 14.4: The Three Partners,1914-1920

Subseries 14.5: USM Today,1968-1976

Subseries 14.6: Quarter Century Club News, 1977-1987

Subseries 14.7: H.E. Smith & Company Catalogs, 1898-1930

Series 15: Product Literature, 1952-1979

Series 16: Advertising and Marketing Materials, 1902-1981

Series 17: Photographs, 1907-1960s

Subseries 17.1: Employees, 1907-1981

Subseries 17.2: Equipment/Products, 1961-1972

Subseries 17.3: Factories/Buildings, 1920s-1960s

Subseries 17.4: Trade Shows, 1954, 1968-1973

Subseries 17.5: Miscellaneous, undated

Subseries 17.6: Postcards, 1906-1938

Subseries 17.7: Prints from Glass Plate Negatives, undated

Subseries 17.8: Albums, 1915-1950s

Subseries 17.9: Film Negatives, 1956-1958

Subseries 17.10: Glass Plate Negatives, 1915-1923

Series 18: Audio-Visual Materials, 1934-1972
Biographical / Historical:
The United Shoe Machinery Company was formed in 1899 by the consolidation of the most important shoe machinery firms in the industry: Goodyear Shoe Machinery Company; Consolidated McKay Lasting Machine Company; and McKay Shoe Machinery Company. By this merger, conflicting patents were eliminated and patents supplementing each other were brought under United control to permit their prompt combination in a single machine or process. To ensure efficiency, the new company also continued the practice previously followed by its constituent firms of renting machinery that it manufactured instead of selling it. The authorized capital of the new company was twenty five million dollars. After the 1899 merger, United grew quite rapidly. In 1903, it began construction of a new factory in Beverly, Massachusetts about thirty-five miles from Boston. At its peak, this company employed 9,000 workers and produced eighty-five percent of all shoemaking machines in the United States. By 1910, it had an eighty percent share of the shoe machinery market with assets reaching forty million dollars, and it had acquired control of branch companies in foreign countries.

In 1911, the first of three civil anti-trust suits was brought against United by the United States government. It charged that the 1899 merger had restrained trade and violated the Sherman Act. The Massachusetts District Court ruled that the 1899 merger was not an attempt to restrain trade, only an attempt to promote efficiency. The court also said that the five companies that were merged to form United were not competitive with each other. The government appealed to the Supreme Court, which only affirmed the District Court's verdict.

In 1917, the United Shoe Machinery Corporation, incorporated in 1905, absorbed the United Shoe Machinery Company. The United Shoe Machinery Corporation had its headquarters in Boston and its main manufacturing plant in Beverly, Massachusetts.

The second government suit was brought against United Shoe in 1915. The government claimed that United Shoe's leasing system restricted the shoe manufacturer to exclusive use of United Shoe's products and that it was a violation of the newly enacted Clayton Act. The Massachusetts District Court ruled in favor of the government. The Supreme Court, hearing United Shoe's appeal case, only affirmed the District Court's ruling. In 1923, United modified its leasing policy.

The last government suit against United was filed in 1947 and charged United with monopolizing the trade, manufacture, and distribution of shoe machinery from 1923 to 1947. During this period, United had bought all shares, assets, and patents of twenty one companies that dealt in the shoe machinery manufacture. The court ruled that United had clearly violated the Sherman Act, and United was forced to modify its leasing policies and restrict its purchases of other shoe machinery businesses and its acquisition of patents. In 1968, the United Shoe Machinery Corporation changed its name to USM Corporation. In 1976, United Shoe Machinery Company merged with Emhart Industries and produced the modern-day Emhart Corporation.

In 1989, in order to resist a two billion dollar takeover attempt by a New York investment group (which included oil heir Gordon P. Getty), Emhart merged with Black & Decker Corporation. The merged company operates from Black & Decker's headquarters in Towson, Maryland. The company headquarters in Farmington, Connecticut, were closed in June 1989.
Related Materials:
Materials at Other Organizations

Lynn Historical Society & Museum, Lynn, Massachusetts

Lynn, Massachusetts businesses collection, 1888-1991

Small volumes and pamphlets of shoe and shoe-related industry businesses in Lynn, Massachusetts, including miscellaneous articles and histories on the shoe industry in Lynn, manuals, catalogs, broadsides, patents, handbooks, patterns, price lists, brochures, and legal materials. Businesses represented include Beaudry Machine Company, Beckman Machine Company, Bresnahan Shoe Machinery Company, George W. Emerson & Company, Hamel Shoe Machinery Company, Gregory & Read Co., David Knox & Sons Machinery Company, Krippendorf Kalculator Company (manufacturers of a mechanical device to compute pattern values), Peerless Machinery Company, Quarmby & Hilliker, Machine Builders, Swain, Fuller Manufacturing Company, W.J. Young Machinery Company, and George J. Kelly, Inc. (maker of shoe polish).

United Shoe Machinery Company Records, 1915-1974

Materials assembled by Edward F. McCarthy, director of USM research, including notebooks, diagrams, manuals, brochures, catalogs, code sheets, flow charts, price lists, handbooks, lectures, directories, lexicons, catalogs of other firms, personal notebooks on shoe construction (1927-1931), factory visits to other shoe companies, and production of leading manufacturers (1939-1960), and floor directory of the plant; ledgers listing machines shipped and returned from the Lynn and Puerto Rico plants (nine volumes, 1935-1974); and machine development materials, including patents, chiefly those of Edward Quinn.

Peabody Essex Museum (PEM) Salem, Massachusetts

An accession in 1987 of institutional archives, includes publications, photographs, advertisements, lectures, scrapbook of shoes made for United Shoe Machinery Corporation of Beverly, Massachusetts, shoes from which are in the collection of the Peabody Essex Museum (87020).

Beverly Historical Society, Beverly, Massachusetts

The United Shoe and Machinery Company Collection contains a large quantity of the company's patents, most of which pertain to the production and manufacture of shoes. Additionally there are patents for golf balls, nail guns, and magnetic closures. The majority of the remaining materials are Quarter Century Club documents ranging from financial and membership records, to pictures and other ephemera. The remainder of the collection consists of miscellaneous objects including sample knives and knife parts from the Booth Brothers Company.

University of Connecticut, Dodd Center

Emhart Corporation Records, undated, 1883-1989

Emhart Corporation was a multinational company located in Farmington, Connecticut. Prior to its 1989 merger with Black & Decker, Emhart operated in over one hundred countries with a worldwide work force of 30,000 employees. Emhart's products included machines for the manufacture of glass bottles and shoes; filling, sealing and packaging machinery; security systems; electronics; chemical products; metal fasteners; rubber processing equipment; and consumer and do-it-yourself products. Brand name products included True Temper® hardware and sporting goods, and Price Pfister® plumbing fixtures. Emhart's domestic roots went back to the American Hardware Company, founded in New Britain, Connecticut, in 1902.

Beverly Public Schools (Beverly, Massachusetts)

Beverly Public Schools/Beverly trade school records, 1909-1995

Materials relating to the establishment and operation of the Beverly trade schools, including trustee minutes, annual reports, curriculum journals, correspondence, photographs, programs and ephemera, and calendars.

Cornell University, Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections

[United Shoe Machinery Corporation publications], 1911-1913

Harvard University, Baker Library

[United Shoe Machinery Company, of New Jersey, et al. court proceedings], 1911-1917

United Shoe buildings and properties

The Cummings Properties now owns and leases "the Shoe."
Separated Materials:
Materials at National Museum of American History

The Division of Work and Industry holds artifacts related to the United Shoe Machinery Corporation. Some artifacts include a drafting table (1989.0259.349), tool chest (1989.0259.348), and molds for shoes, shoe heels, shoe welts, threads, needles, awls, and show wax.
Provenance:
The collection was donated by United Shoe Machinery Corporation, through Kevin Cochrane on November 20, 1987.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives. Special arrangements required to view materials in cold storage and audio visual materials. Using cold room materials requires a three hour waiting period, reference copies do not exist for audio visual materials. Arrangements must be made with the Archives Center staff two weeks prior to a scheduled research visit. Contact the Archives Center at 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Industrial workers  Search this
Photography, Industrial  Search this
Tanners  Search this
Shoe machinery industry  Search this
Industrial history  Search this
Baseball  Search this
Genre/Form:
Papers
Photographs -- 20th century
House organs
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass -- 1900-1950
Catalogs
Scrapbooks
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 19th-20th century
Commercial catalogs
Albums
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Acetate film -- 1900-1950
Magazines (periodicals) -- 20th century
Advertisements -- 20th century
Clippings -- 20th century
Research -- 20th century
Legal records
Motion pictures (visual works) -- 20th century
16mm motion picture film
Business records -- 20th century
Citation:
United Shoe Machinery Corporation Records, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0277
See more items in:
United Shoe Machinery Corporation Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0277
Online Media:

Quebec Bridge Photograph Collection

Donor:
Enterline, Stevenson  Search this
Eney, William J.  Search this
Collector:
History of Technology, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Engineering and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
Engineering and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI.  Search this
History of Technology, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Creator:
Quebec Bridge Company.  Search this
Extent:
0.5 Cubic feet (3 boxes, 1 oversized folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photograph albums
Postcards
Photographs
Place:
Canada
Quebec
Date:
1905-1986
bulk 1905-1916
Summary:
The collection documents the construction of the first and second Quebec Bridges over the St. Lawrence River. Construction on the first bridge began in 1900 and the bridge collapsed before completion in 1907. Construction on the second Quebec Bridge, which is the longest cantilever bridge in the world, was completed in 1917.
Scope and Contents:
The collection documents the construction of the first and second Quebec Bridges over the St. Lawrence River primarily through photographs. The collection is arranged into two series: Series 1, Photographic Materials, 1905-1965 and Series 2, Other Materials, 1916-1986.

Series 1, Photographic Materials, 1905-1965, is divided into two subseries: Subseries 1.1, Photographs, 1907-1965 and Subseries 1.2, Photograph Album, 1905. The black-and-white photographs primarily document the construction of the second Quebec Bridge, 1907-1917. Many of these photographs were taken in a workshop where the production of the bridge parts and building materials occurred. One picture, marked number 24, is of the Prime Minister of Canada, Robert Borden, attending the construction site in October 1913. This series also contains photographs of the 1907 bridge collapse and pictures taken in 1965 of the current second bridge. Subseries 2, Photograph Album, 1905, documents the construction of the first Quebec cantilever bridge. The album contains mounted black-and-white photographs taken between May 12 and November 23, 1905.

Series 2, Other Materials, 1916-1986, consists of newspaper articles and postcards. The newspaper articles detail the 1916 construction accident on the second Quebec bridge; one 1917 article about the bridge; and one 1986 article about the 1907 collapse of the first bridge. There are three postcards, both black-and-white and color, of the Quebec Bridge.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into two series.

Series 1, Photographic Materials, 1905-1965

Subseries 1, Photographs, 1907-1965

Subseries 2, Photograph Album, 1905

Series 2, Other Materials, 1916-1986
Biographical / Historical:
The first Quebec Bridge was built over the St. Lawrence River in order to connect important railroad lines.[1] This bridge collapsed on August 29, 1907, killing 79 men.[2] The engineers for the second bridge were Maurice Fitzmaurice, H.E. Vautelet, and Ralph Modjeska.[3]

Notes: [1] "Bridge of 1,800-FT. Span Across the St. Lawrence," Popular Mechanics Vol. 8, No. 12 December 1906

[2]"Wrecked Quebec Bridge to be Recommended"[3] "Wrecked Quebec Bridge to be Recommended"
Provenance:
Originally collected for the Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering's reference collections; exact date and source of acquisition unknown.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.

Physical Access: Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply.
Topic:
Bridges -- Design and construction  Search this
Bridges -- Canada  Search this
Bridge failures  Search this
Bridges -- Quebec  Search this
Rivers -- Quebec  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photograph albums -- 20th century
Postcards -- 1900-1920
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1900-1950
Citation:
Quebec Bridge Photograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1026
See more items in:
Quebec Bridge Photograph Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1026
Online Media:

Wheeling and Lake Erie Railway Photographs

Collector:
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
History of Technology, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
History of Technology, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Division of [former name], NMAH, SI.  Search this
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI  Search this
Donor:
Rehor, John A.  Search this
Rehor, John A.  Search this
Creator:
Wheeling and Lake Erie Railway  Search this
Extent:
2 Cubic feet (6 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Black-and-white negatives
Place:
Ohio
West Virginia
Date:
1925-1942.
Scope and Contents:
Over nine hundred official company photographs documenting the history of the railroad. Subjects include trains, locomotives and cars; employees and employee gatherings and events; structures such as stations, track, bridges, crossings, towers, coaling stations.
Arrangement:
Divided into 2 series: Series 1, Negatives and Series 2, Prints.
Biographical / Historical:
Founded in 1871, the Wheeling and Lake Erie Railway was built to haul coal from southeastern Ohio mines to the Lake Erie ports of Huron and Toledo. After World War II, WLE had several owners, the Nickel Plate, then the Norfolk & Western,and later, the Norfolk & Western and Southern (NS) merged. The WLE was dissolved in 1989 but was revived in 1990 by new investors.
Provenance:
Donated to the Museum's Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering in 1981 by John A. Roher.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Railroads -- Rolling-stock  Search this
Railroad stations -- United States  Search this
Railroad tracks  Search this
Railroad companies  Search this
Railroads  Search this
Railroads -- Buildings and structures  Search this
Railroads -- Employees  Search this
Locomotives  Search this
Railroad bridges  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1900-1950
Black-and-white negatives
Citation:
Wheeling and Lake Erie Railway Photographs, 1905-1942, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1075
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1075

Loo Family Photographs

Creator:
Loo, C. T. & Co.  Search this
Names:
Teilhard de Chardin, Pierre  Search this
Extent:
52 Photographs (black and white silver gelatin prints)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Place:
France
Paris (France)
Beijing (China)
France -- Ile-de-France -- Paris
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
Fifty two photographic prints relating to the Asian art dealer C.T. Loo. Photographs feature interior and exterior views of Loo's Paris gallery, showing important works of art, many of which were later acquired by museums and private collections of Europe and the US. Also included are formal portraits and informal snapshots of Loo, his family and associates in Paris and Beijing.
北京
Arrangement:
Photographs are numbered individually with no attempt to organize by subject.
Biographical / Historical:
The photographs document the gallery, C.T. Loo et Cie, known as the Pagoda (renovated 1926-1928, currently a designated historical site in Paris) of the leading internateal dealer of Chinese art C.T. Loo (1880-1957). Well known to art experts around the world, the gallery attracted the attention of the renowned art historian Osvald Siren, who wrote an article in 1928 on this gallery, focusing on the murals. Many of the objects shown in the gallery can be identified as important pieces in major American and European museums, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Nelson-Atkins Gallery, Kansas City, and the Musee Guimet, Paris. Loo was instrumental in introducing some of the most important bronzes, jades, and stone sculptures to the Freer Gallery of Art between 1915 and 1951. This collection holds an added significance because it comes from Janine Loo Pierre-Emmanuel (1920-2013), daughter of C. T. Loo, and ex-wife of Jean-Pierre Dubosc, the prominent Sinologist, collector and dealer of Chinese art. Mme. Pierre-Emmanuel, a well-known dealer in the post-war era, was in contact with important scholars, collectors and dealers, such as Pierre Teillard de Chardin, Laurence Sickman, Grenville L. Winthrop, Arthur M. Sackler, Mr. and Mrs. John D. Rockefeller, 3rd, and J. T. Tai. In addition to Chinese art, the gallery interior views show pieces from South and Southeast Asia
Local Numbers:
FSA A2010.07
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Art -- China  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Photographs -- 1900-1950 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Citation:
Loo Family Photographs, FSA.A2010.07. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Gift of Janine Loo Pierre-Emmanuel, 2010.
Identifier:
FSA.A2010.07
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-fsa-a2010-07
Online Media:

Mowry Family Photographs 1909-1940

Creator:
Mowry, Eli, 1880-1970  Search this
Extent:
151 Photographs (black and white silver gelatin prints)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Photographic prints
Postcards
Place:
Korea
Pyongyang (Korea)
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents:
One hundred fifty one photographic prints and postcards, compiled by the family of Eil Mowry during their residence in Pyongyang between 1909 and 1940. Photographs were taken mostly by Eli Mowry and son David Mowry, although a number of the photographs apparently derive from commercial sources. Prints are primarily black and white silver gelatin prints, with a small number of commercial postcards. Subjects include personal photographs of family and friends, the foreign compound, church and school activities, views of Pyongyang, Korean scenes, life and customs. Many photographs are considerably damaged due to a house fire in the 1980s.
마우리 목사는 미국 오하이오주 출신으로 1909년 북장로파 선교사로 한국에 왔다. 평양 숭실학교 교장 및 숭실대학[현 숭실대학의 전신]에서 5대 학장을 지내며 학생들을 가르쳤다. 일제치하 신사참배를 거부하였고, 학생들에게 민족주의 사상을 심어주었다. 항일운동을 하는 학생들을 자신의 집에 숨겨주고 목숨을 구해주었으며, 이 일로 일본 경찰에 체포되어[1919년 4월 11일] 옥고를 치르기도 하였다. 평양의 장대현 장로교회에서 남성 성가대[찬양대]를 조직하여 지휘자로 활동함으로써 양악 전파에 기여하기도 하였다. 1968년 대한민국 정부로부터 건국훈장을 수상하였다.
Arrangement:
Photographs are numbered individually with no attempt to organize by subject.
Biographical / Historical:
Reverend Eli Mowry was a Presbyterian missionary and educator, originally from Ohio. In 1909 he moved to Pyongyang with his family, where they lived until 1941. Mowry eventually became head of Soongsil Academy, which was eventually to become Soongsil University. In 1919 Eli Mowry was arrested by Japanese authorities for harboring anti-Japanese student protesters. His incarceration and trial became an international incident. In 1950, Mowry was awarded the Decoration of Honor, Third Order, from the Republic of Korea. In 1968, he and his wife Lois received an additional special citation from the Korean government.
Local Numbers:
FSA A2010.04
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Missions  Search this
Christian education  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Postcards
Photographs -- 1900-1950 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Citation:
Mowry Family Photographs of Korea, FSA.A2010.04. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Gift of Miriam Stein, 2010.
Identifier:
FSA.A2010.04
See more items in:
Mowry Family Photographs 1909-1940
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-fsa-a2010-04
Online Media:

Pyongyang: Moran Hill and Taedong River from the South

Creator:
Mowry, Eli, 1880-1970  Search this
Collection Creator:
Mowry, Eli, 1880-1970  Search this
Extent:
0 Items (Black and white silver gelatin print)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Place:
Korea
Pyongyang (Korea)
Scope and Contents:
Moran Hill viewed from the South
평양 모란봉
Arrangement:
Photographs are numbered individually with no attempt to organize by subject.
Local Numbers:
FSA A2010.04 008
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Photographs -- 1900-1950 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
Mowry Family Photographs of Korea, FSA.A2010.04. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Gift of Miriam Stein, 2010.
Identifier:
FSA.A2010.04, Item FSA A2010.04 008
See more items in:
Mowry Family Photographs 1909-1940
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a2010-04-ref1

Soongsil Students at Yalu River Bridge, Sinuiju

Creator:
Mowry, Eli, 1880-1970  Search this
Collection Creator:
Mowry, Eli, 1880-1970  Search this
Extent:
0 Items (Black and white silver gelatin print)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Place:
Korea
Scope and Contents:
Young men below the bridge linking Sinuiju, Korea and Dandong, China. The imprint in the lower right corner suggests that it is a commercial photograph.
신의주시 鴨綠江畔
Arrangement:
Photographs are numbered individually with no attempt to organize by subject.
Local Numbers:
FSA A2010.04 006
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Photographs -- 1900-1950 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
Mowry Family Photographs of Korea, FSA.A2010.04. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Gift of Miriam Stein, 2010.
Identifier:
FSA.A2010.04, Item FSA A2010.04 006
See more items in:
Mowry Family Photographs 1909-1940
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a2010-04-ref10

Pyongyang: Moran Hill and Taedong River from the South

Creator:
Mowry, Eli, 1880-1970  Search this
Collection Creator:
Mowry, Eli, 1880-1970  Search this
Extent:
0 Items (Black and white silver gelatin print)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Place:
Korea
Pyongyang (Korea)
Scope and Contents:
Moran Hill viewed from the South
평양 모란봉
Arrangement:
Photographs are numbered individually with no attempt to organize by subject.
Local Numbers:
FSA A2010.04 027
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Photographs -- 1900-1950 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
Mowry Family Photographs of Korea, FSA.A2010.04. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Gift of Miriam Stein, 2010.
Identifier:
FSA.A2010.04, Item FSA A2010.04 027
See more items in:
Mowry Family Photographs 1909-1940
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a2010-04-ref11

Pyongyang: Rungna Island with waterworks viewed from Moran Hill

Creator:
Mowry, Eli, 1880-1970  Search this
Collection Creator:
Mowry, Eli, 1880-1970  Search this
Extent:
0 Items (Black and white silver gelatin print)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Place:
Korea
Pyongyang (Korea)
Scope and Contents:
View of Rungna Island on the Taedong River, with a view of the city filtration plant.
평양 릉라도
Arrangement:
Photographs are numbered individually with no attempt to organize by subject.
Local Numbers:
FSA A2010.04 029
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Photographs -- 1900-1950 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
Mowry Family Photographs of Korea, FSA.A2010.04. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Gift of Miriam Stein, 2010.
Identifier:
FSA.A2010.04, Item FSA A2010.04 029
See more items in:
Mowry Family Photographs 1909-1940
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a2010-04-ref12

Pyongyang: Crowds of people on the frozen Taedong River

Creator:
Mowry, Eli, 1880-1970  Search this
Collection Creator:
Mowry, Eli, 1880-1970  Search this
Extent:
0 Items (Black and white silver gelatin print)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Place:
Korea
Pyongyang (Korea)
Scope and Contents:
Koreans standing and playing on the ice-covered river. Taedong Gate is visible in the background.
평양
Arrangement:
Photographs are numbered individually with no attempt to organize by subject.
Local Numbers:
FSA A2010.04 030
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Photographs -- 1900-1950 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
Mowry Family Photographs of Korea, FSA.A2010.04. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Gift of Miriam Stein, 2010.
Identifier:
FSA.A2010.04, Item FSA A2010.04 030
See more items in:
Mowry Family Photographs 1909-1940
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a2010-04-ref13

Pyongyang: Boats on the Taedong River

Creator:
Mowry, Eli, 1880-1970  Search this
Collection Creator:
Mowry, Eli, 1880-1970  Search this
Extent:
0 Items (Black and white silver gelatin print)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Place:
Korea
Pyongyang (Korea)
Scope and Contents:
View of the Taedong River with boats with sails. A penciled caption indicates it is a view upriver toward reservoir island.
평양
Arrangement:
Photographs are numbered individually with no attempt to organize by subject.
Local Numbers:
FSA A2010.04 031
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Photographs -- 1900-1950 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
Mowry Family Photographs of Korea, FSA.A2010.04. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Gift of Miriam Stein, 2010.
Identifier:
FSA.A2010.04, Item FSA A2010.04 031
See more items in:
Mowry Family Photographs 1909-1940
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a2010-04-ref14

Korean dancers

Creator:
Mowry, Eli, 1880-1970  Search this
Collection Creator:
Mowry, Eli, 1880-1970  Search this
Extent:
0 Items (Black and white silver gelatin print)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Place:
Korea
Pyongyang (Korea)
Scope and Contents:
A group of dancers, one in a crane costume, perform in a courtyard with a large crowd of viewers. Some of the audience are wearing Japanese kimono.
평양
Arrangement:
Photographs are numbered individually with no attempt to organize by subject.
Local Numbers:
FSA A2010.04 033
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Dance -- Korea  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Photographs -- 1900-1950 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
Mowry Family Photographs of Korea, FSA.A2010.04. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Gift of Miriam Stein, 2010.
Identifier:
FSA.A2010.04, Item FSA A2010.04 033
See more items in:
Mowry Family Photographs 1909-1940
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a2010-04-ref15

Pyongyang: Kija's tomb

Creator:
Mowry, Eli, 1880-1970  Search this
Collection Creator:
Mowry, Eli, 1880-1970  Search this
Extent:
0 Items (Black and white silver gelatin print)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Photographs
Place:
Korea
Pyongyang (Korea)
Scope and Contents:
View of the tomb of the Chinese scholar Kija (Chinese: Jizi), located on Moran Hill.
평양 기자릉
Arrangement:
Photographs are numbered individually with no attempt to organize by subject.
Local Numbers:
FSA A2010.04 044
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Tombs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographic prints
Photographs -- 1900-1950 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
Mowry Family Photographs of Korea, FSA.A2010.04. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Gift of Miriam Stein, 2010.
Identifier:
FSA.A2010.04, Item FSA A2010.04 044
See more items in:
Mowry Family Photographs 1909-1940
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a2010-04-ref16

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