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Twachtman, John Henry

Collection Creator:
Macbeth Gallery  Search this
Extent:
(taken by Nicholas Murray)
Container:
Box 137, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
ca. 1905
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Macbeth Gallery records, 1838-1968, bulk 1892 to 1953. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Macbeth Gallery records
Macbeth Gallery records / Series 8: Photographs / 8.1: Photographs of Artists
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw98e0df28b-54f1-45ef-8fb6-2b8c5ec80f06
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-macbgall-ref11643

Martinez, Xavier

Collection Creator:
Macbeth Gallery  Search this
Extent:
(taken by Arnold Genthe)
Container:
Box 138, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
ca. 1905
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Macbeth Gallery records, 1838-1968, bulk 1892 to 1953. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Macbeth Gallery records
Macbeth Gallery records / Series 8: Photographs / 8.1: Photographs of Artists
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw90766215f-40f1-4c2e-adeb-798a5fe82ff9
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-macbgall-ref11663

Ryder, Albert Pinkham

Collection Creator:
Macbeth Gallery  Search this
Extent:
(taken by Alice Boughton)
Container:
Box 138, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
ca. 1905
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Macbeth Gallery records, 1838-1968, bulk 1892 to 1953. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Macbeth Gallery records
Macbeth Gallery records / Series 8: Photographs / 8.1: Photographs of Artists
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9f053c0b4-5cad-429d-b474-a48c71425018
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-macbgall-ref11666

[Boxly]: main house and mature boxwood, probably taken around the time the Olmsted Brothers started their work on the estate.

Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slides (photographs) (black-and-white, 35 mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Place:
Boxly (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia County -- Philadelphia
Date:
[between 1900 and 1910]
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Winter  Search this
Houses  Search this
Porticoes  Search this
Box  Search this
Walkways, brick  Search this
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item PA009007
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania / PA009: Philadelphia -- Boxly
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6acd20213-7cce-4308-8c29-44a0f2ba170d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16935

[Boxly]: old boxwood garden, probably taken around the time the Olmsted Brothers started their work on the estate; box moved ca. 1913.

Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slides (photographs) (black-and-white, 35 mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Place:
Boxly (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia County -- Philadelphia
Date:
[between 1900 and 1910]
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Spring  Search this
Walkways  Search this
Arbors  Search this
Box  Search this
Parterres  Search this
Gazing globes  Search this
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item PA009008
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania / PA009: Philadelphia -- Boxly
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb678db0a4c-35a2-41d0-8cdd-b8745866e059
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16936
Online Media:

[Boxly]: main house and boxwood, probably taken around the time the Olmsted Brothers started their work on the estate.

Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slides (photographs) (black-and-white, 35 mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Place:
Boxly (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia County -- Philadelphia
Date:
[between 1900 and 1910]
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Spring  Search this
Benches  Search this
Walkways  Search this
Box  Search this
Houses  Search this
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item PA009011
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania / PA009: Philadelphia -- Boxly
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6196c435f-7c56-4e05-a64b-b52549e16202
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16939

[Boxly]: main house and mature boxwood.

Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slides (photographs) (black-and-white, 35 mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Place:
Boxly (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia County -- Philadelphia
Date:
[between 1900 and 1910]
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Mansions  Search this
Box  Search this
Hedges  Search this
Walkways, brick  Search this
Arbors  Search this
Vines  Search this
Trees  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item PA009015
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania / PA009: Philadelphia -- Boxly
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6d8ec3c92-2404-4e9d-a769-c01e27216736
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16943

[Boxly]: boxwood walk.

Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Extent:
1 Slides (photographs) (black-and-white, 35 mm.)
Type:
Archival materials
Slides (photographs)
Place:
Boxly (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
United States of America -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia County -- Philadelphia
Date:
[between 1900 and 1910]
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Gardens -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia  Search this
Box  Search this
Hedges  Search this
Walkways, brick  Search this
Vines  Search this
Arches  Search this
Stairs  Search this
Urns  Search this
Trees  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, Item PA009016
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Pennsylvania / PA009: Philadelphia -- Boxly
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb6268ca20f-ea98-427e-81bd-1034fb41fad8
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref16944

United States Department of Agriculture Building Construction Glass Plate Negatives

Sponsor:
United States. Department of Agriculture  Search this
Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Work and Industry  Search this
Extent:
0.3 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1906-1907.
Summary:
The collection contains thirty-three glass plate negatives documenting the construction of Laboratory A and B of the Department of Agriculture building in the early 1900s.
Scope and Contents:
The collection consists of glass plate negatives documenting the construction of the Department of Agriculture building in Washington, D.C. All of the glass plate negatives date from approximately 1906 to 1907 and are arranged in chronological order.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into one series.

Series 1: Glass Plate Negatives, 1906-1907
Historical:
The United States Department of Agriculture (informally the Agriculture Department or USDA) is the United States federal executive department responsible for developing and executing U.S. federal government policy on farming, agriculture, and food. It aims to meet the needs of farmers and ranchers, promote agricultural trade and production, work to assure food safety, protect natural resources, foster rural communities and end hunger in the United States and abroad.
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply.
Topic:
Public buildings -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Construction -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Architecture -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass -- 1900-1910
Citation:
United States Department of Agriculture Building Construction Photographs, 1906-1907, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1096
See more items in:
United States Department of Agriculture Building Construction Glass Plate Negatives
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8f86d6be9-84d1-4493-b7e7-18397abc9370
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1096
Online Media:

John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans

Creator:
Swanton, John Reed, 1873-1958  Search this
Extent:
175 Lantern slides
415 Prints (duplicates not counted, silver gelatin)
601 Negatives (photographic) (nitrate)
Culture:
Catawba Indians  Search this
Muskogee (Creek)  Search this
Choctaw  Search this
Chitimacha  Search this
Creoles  Search this
Houma  Search this
Natchez  Search this
Seminole  Search this
Tunica  Search this
Taensa Indians  Search this
Pascagoula Indians  Search this
Coushatta (Koasati)  Search this
Alabama Indians  Search this
Atakapa  Search this
Cherokee  Search this
Chickasaw  Search this
Biloxi Indians  Search this
Caddo  Search this
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Euchee (Yuchi)  Search this
Coosa Indians  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Lantern slides
Prints
Negatives (photographic)
Photographs
Date:
circa 1900s-1910s
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs of Southeastern Native American people, homes, ceremonial grounds, and events made circa 1900s-1910s by John Reed Swanton. The lantern slides include images of southeastern rivers and bayous and historical maps. Additionally, there are a number of slides with notes and charts relating to linguistic comparisons.
Arrangement:
Swanton's original order has been maintained. The photographs are in alphabetical order by language group or tribe. Lantern slides are listed at the end.
Biographical/Historical note:
John Reed Swanton (1873-1958) was an ethnologist and ethnohistorian with the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) from 1900 until his retirement in 1944. Swanton spent his first few years at the BAE conducting research among the Haida and Tlingit communities of the Pacific Northwest and Alaska, and published a number of significant articles on the language, ethnography, and folklore of Northwest Coast Tribes. His focus then shifted to Native Americans of the Southeastern United States.

In addition to conducting ethnographic fieldwork in the Southeast, Swanton studied the history of the area in order to better understand its indigenous cultures and is considered a pioneer in the field of ethnohistory. During his career Swanton published numerous articles and several major works on Southeastern Native Americans, including the reference work The Indians of the Southeastern United States, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 137, 1946.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Anthropological Archives holds more than 200 manuscripts created or collected by Swanton.

Photographs relating to Swanton's work with the Tlingit are held in National Anthropological Archives Photo Lot 24.

The anthropology collections of the National Museum of Natural History hold objects collected by Swanton, including potsherds from various sites in Southeastern United States (accessions 111748, 113252, 122679, 129788, 165802, and 062577).
Restrictions:
The original nitrate negatives are in cold storage and require advanced notice for viewing.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Indians of North America -- Southern states  Search this
Dance  Search this
Language and languages -- Documentation  Search this
Dwellings  Search this
Games  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Lantern slides
Citation:
Photo Lot 76, John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.76
See more items in:
John Reed Swanton photographs relating to Southeastern Native Americans
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/nw3bd54b9ba-90dd-4c40-ad8d-b106af9d3278
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-76
Online Media:

Hartford, Connecticut Bridge Collection

Creator:
Adams, Nettie  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Work and Industry  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic feet (1 box )
Container:
Box 1
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Albums
Photographs
Place:
Connecticut
Hartford (Conn.)
Date:
1903-1905
Summary:
The collection consists of an album of 208 mounted photographs documenting the Connecticut River Bridge in Hartford, Connecticut. Subjects include the bridge, approaches, and street construction work.
Scope and Contents:
This collection contains an album of 208 mounted photographs documenting the construction of the Connecticut River Bridge in Hartford, Connecticut. Included among the photographs is a group portrait of commissioners, engineers, and contractors at Laying Corner Stone, East Abutment on April 16, 1904. There are also photographs of businesses, carriages, children playing, construction workers, houses and street cars. There is also some correspondence in the album. The individual who created the album is unknown.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into one series.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Llewellyn N. Edwards Papers, 1925-1964 (AC0959)

Nathan W. Morgan Papers, circa 1902-1972 (AC0965)

Quebec Bridge Photograph Collection, 1905-1986 (bulk 1905-1916) (AC1026)

Victor C. Darnell Bridge Construction Photographs, 1908-1913 (AC1018)

Canadian Bridges Photograph Albums, 1873-1911 (AC1025)

Snake River Irrigation Project Photo Album, 1912 (AC1031)

Minnesota Railroads Photograph Albums, 1886-1887 (1023)
Provenance:
Collection purchased by Nettie W. Adams in 1971 for the the Museum's Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (now the Division of Work and Industry).
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Bridges -- Connecticut  Search this
Bridges -- Design and construction  Search this
Construction  Search this
Genre/Form:
Albums -- 1900-1920
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- 1900-1910
Citation:
Hartford, Connecticut Bridge Collection, 1903-1905, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1066
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep824cd7e64-f491-4d63-982f-ccfa49ab4335
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1066

Clayton Air Compressor Works Photographic Catalogs

Manufacturer:
Clayton Air Compressor.  Search this
Extent:
0.3 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Catalogs
Photographs
Date:
circa 1900-1910s
Scope and Contents note:
Two albums of photographs of Clayton's machines. Each volume includes an index.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into one series.
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisition unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Air-compressors  Search this
Genre/Form:
Catalogs
Photographs
Citation:
Clayton Air Compressor Works Photogrpahic Catalogs, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1056
See more items in:
Clayton Air Compressor Works Photographic Catalogs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep84921a8f4-7451-4d40-b7b7-4fab122f1843
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1056

Charles T. Main, Inc. Photographs

Creator:
Main, Charles T., Inc.  Search this
Former owner:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Work and Industry  Search this
Extent:
0.3 Cubic feet (2 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
1910-1953
bulk 1910
Summary:
Collection contains photographs of factories, mills, and other projects undertaken by Charles T. Main Inc.
Scope and Contents note:
This collection contains photographs of factories, mills, and other projects undertaken by Charles T. Main Inc., Boston civil and plant engineers.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into one series by project.
Biographical / Historical:
Chas. T. Main, Inc. was a Boston engineering company founded by Massachusetts Institute of Technology graduate Charles T. Main in 1893. Main was a mechanical engineer working in the textile mills of New England and a major developer in the new field of hydroelectric power. He also served as the American Society of Mechanical Engineers' President from 1918-1919. In 1926, the company was incorporated as Chas. T. Main, Inc. Main and his associates decided that all stock would be privately owned by senior engineers so that the company was free of outside influence and only those who knew the industry best would make decisions. By the 1950s, Chas. T. Main Inc. consulted or worked internationally on projects, including building a hydro-electric plant in Turkey and developing a plan to unify development of the water resources of the Jordan River Valley for its surrounding countries, Jordan, Syria, and Israel. Domestically, Chas. T. Main, Inc. began an association with the Atomic Energy Commission in 1949 and was responsible for supporting plutonium production reactors facilities, water treatment plants, and reactor coolant activities, among other nuclear projects. In 1956, a rock slide in the Niagara River New York destroyed two-thirds of the Niagara power capacity. Chas. T. Main, Inc. was contracted to create a power plant to compensate for the loss of power and save the area's economy. In the late 1980s, suffering management problems, the company was bought by Parsons Corporation of Pasadena, California. In 1992, the company's name was changed to Parsons Main, Inc., located in Canton, Massachusetts as a subsidiary of Parsons Corporation.

Source

Northeastern University, Archives and Special Collections
Related Materials:
Materials at Other Organizations

Northeastern University, Archives and Special Collections

Chas. T. Main, Inc. records, 1975-[1977+]
Provenance:
Collection donated by Charles T. Main, Inc. through R.X. Oliveri, circa 1962.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Mills and mill-work  Search this
Factories  Search this
Civil engineers  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- 1900-1910
Citation:
Charles T. Main Photograph Collection, ca. 1908-1910, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1053
See more items in:
Charles T. Main, Inc. Photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep85b639753-9a2c-493f-bbae-711e9f1352c6
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1053

Penn Station, New York, Photographs

Creator:
Pennsylvania Railroad.  Search this
Architect:
McKim, Mead & White  Search this
Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of History of Technology  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Work and Industry  Search this
Names:
Pennsylvania Station  Search this
Photographer:
Dreyer, Louis H.  Search this
Extent:
10.5 Cubic feet (23 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Stereographs
Date:
1904-1910
Summary:
Collection documents the construction of Penn Station and the Pennsylvania Railroad's work in New York City, including the station foundations and the East and Hudson River tunnels.
Scope and Contents:
Photographs, stereographs, and glass plate negatives documenting the construction progress of the Pennsylvania Terminal, including the Pennsylvania Station Site, from pre-existing structures through the foundation construction; construction of Sunnyside Yard; Construction of Sunnyside Yard Power House; and all aspects of the construction of the East River tunnels. The photographs depict machinery, equipment, techniques, and the men working on the site. The collection is also strong in depicting streets, buildings and the clothes worn by people at that time.
Arrangement:
The collection is arannged into three series.

Series 1: Photographs, 1904-1909

Series 2: Steregraph Cards, 1904-1909

Series 3: Glass Plate Negatives, 1908-1910

Series 4: Contract Material Vouchers, 1907-1908
Historical:
Pennsylvania Station, also known as Penn Station, is a railroad station located in New York City between Seventh and Eighth Avenues and 31st and 33rd Streets. It was named for the Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR), and the project was initiated and lead by Alexander Johnston Cassatt (1839-1906), the seventh president of the PRR. Cassatt's vision was to construct tunnels under the Hudson River, bringing the PRR's line into New York City which enabled Pennsylvania Railroad trains to enter from New Jersey for the first time.

"Beginning with a double-track line across New Jersey's marshy Hackensack Meadows, they would dig two tunnels through Bergen Cliffs, continue down under the mile-wide Hudson, emerging deep underneath a great terminal. From there two tunnels, each with two tracks, would continue under and through Manhattan, becoming four separate tunnels under the East River. Two would be for the LIRR (Long Island Railroad), and would thus create a through ride all the way from the mainland to Long Island. The two other tunnels would serve the PRR, whose empty trains would terminate in Sunnyside, Queens." (Jonnes, page 84)

Construction of the tunnels began in 1904 and opened for service in 1910. The architects of the station building were McKim, Mead & White. The station's building was demolished (1963-1966) and Madison Square Gardens was built above the station, opening in 1968.

Sources

"Completion of the Pennsylvania Railroad Tunnels and Terminal Station," Scientific American, Vol. 102, No. 20 (May 14, 1910), pp. 398-401.

Historic American Buildings Survey, Engineering Record, Landscapes Survey, (HABS) No. NY-5471, "Pennsylvania Station," 1968.

Jonnes, Jill. Conquering Gotham: A Gilded Age Epic: The Construction of Penn Station and Its Tunnels. New York: Viking Penguin Group, 2007.
Related Materials:
Materials at Other Organizations

New York Historical Society

McKim Mead & White Architectural Records Collection, circa 1875-1950

Columbia University, Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library

McKim Mead & White architectural records and drawings, 1879-1958

Progress photographs taken by L. H. Dreyer and others during the construction of the Pennsylvania Terminal (Penn Station), New York City, 1907-1910

Hagley Museum and Library

Pennsylvania Railroad Company records, 1813-1968
Provenance:
The photographs and stereograph cards were purchased from Charles Lloyd, III, a dealer, in 1980.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Railroads  Search this
Railroads -- 20th century  Search this
Railroad stations  Search this
Tunnels -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Glass plate negatives
Photographs -- Black-and-white negatives -- 20th century
Photographs -- 20th century
Stereographs -- 1900-1910
Citation:
Penn Station, New York, Photographs, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1048
See more items in:
Penn Station, New York, Photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8087277d0-5bf6-463e-abfe-b77174e97db9
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1048
Online Media:

Kaifeng: Wolong Palace

Creator:
Freer, Charles Lang, 1856-1919  Search this
Yü Tai, c.1910  Search this
Names:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Collection Creator:
Freer, Charles Lang, 1856-1919  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative (glass plate negative, 8.5 x 6.5 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
Date:
1910
Scope and Contents:
Glass plate negative taken by Chinese photographer Yü Tai for Charles Lang Freer during his journey to the cave temples of Longmen in Henan Province, and a subsequent brief trip to Hangzhou in Zhejiang Province between October 1910 and February 1911.
开封 卧龙宫
Local Numbers:
FSA A.01 12.05.GN.001
General:
Title is provided by FSg Archives staff
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Antiquities  Search this
Palaces -- China  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass
Collection Citation:
Charles Lang Freer Papers. FSA A.01. National Museum of Asian Art Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of the estate of Charles Lang Freer.
Identifier:
FSA.A.01, Item FSA A.01 12.05.GN.001
See more items in:
Charles Lang Freer Papers
Charles Lang Freer Papers / Series 12: Photographs / 12.5: China / Photographs in China, 1910-1911, Glass Plate Negatives (16 Boxes)
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc328e5bf3b-915f-4876-b8a3-67eb1f9e81f3
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-01-ref3175

Kaifeng, Longting, steps ascending terraces

Creator:
Freer, Charles Lang, 1856-1919  Search this
Yü Tai, c.1910  Search this
Names:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Collection Creator:
Freer, Charles Lang, 1856-1919  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative (glass plate negative, 8.5 x 6.5 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
Date:
1910
Scope and Contents:
Glass plate negative taken by Chinese photographer Yü Tai for Charles Lang Freer during his journey to the cave temples of Longmen in Henan Province, and a subsequent brief trip to Hangzhou in Zhejiang Province between October 1910 and February 1911.
开封 龙亭
Local Numbers:
FSA A.01 12.05.GN.002
General:
Title is provided by FSg Archives staff
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Antiquities  Search this
Temples -- China  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass
Collection Citation:
Charles Lang Freer Papers. FSA A.01. National Museum of Asian Art Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of the estate of Charles Lang Freer.
Identifier:
FSA.A.01, Item FSA A.01 12.05.GN.002
See more items in:
Charles Lang Freer Papers
Charles Lang Freer Papers / Series 12: Photographs / 12.5: China / Photographs in China, 1910-1911, Glass Plate Negatives (16 Boxes)
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3ff780012-8ec2-4690-b710-43c88b8516b7
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-01-ref3179

Kaifeng, view from Longting toward Iron Pagoda

Creator:
Freer, Charles Lang, 1856-1919  Search this
Yü Tai, c.1910  Search this
Names:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Collection Creator:
Freer, Charles Lang, 1856-1919  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative (glass plate negative, 8.5 x 6.5 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
Date:
1910
Scope and Contents:
Glass plate negative taken by Chinese photographer Yü Tai for Charles Lang Freer during his journey to the cave temples of Longmen in Henan Province, and a subsequent brief trip to Hangzhou in Zhejiang Province, between October 1910 and February 1911.
开封 龙亭
Local Numbers:
FSA A.01 12.05.GN.003
General:
Title is provided by FSg Archives staff
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Antiquities  Search this
Temples -- China  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass
Collection Citation:
Charles Lang Freer Papers. FSA A.01. National Museum of Asian Art Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of the estate of Charles Lang Freer.
Identifier:
FSA.A.01, Item FSA A.01 12.05.GN.003
See more items in:
Charles Lang Freer Papers
Charles Lang Freer Papers / Series 12: Photographs / 12.5: China / Photographs in China, 1910-1911, Glass Plate Negatives (16 Boxes)
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc34a30e52b-e21a-42b2-a3b6-36c5ccdb868d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-01-ref3180

Kaifeng. Wolong Palace, courtyard

Creator:
Freer, Charles Lang, 1856-1919  Search this
Yü Tai, c.1910  Search this
Names:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Collection Creator:
Freer, Charles Lang, 1856-1919  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative (glass plate negative, 8.5 x 6.5 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
Date:
1910
Scope and Contents:
Glass plate negative taken by Chinese photographer Yü Tai for Charles Lang Freer during his journey to the cave temples of Longmen in Henan Province, and a subsequent brief trip to Hangzhou in Zhejiang Province, between October 1910 and February 1911.
开封
Local Numbers:
FSA A.01 12.05.GN.004
General:
Title is provided by FSg Archives staff
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Antiquities  Search this
Palaces -- China  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass
Collection Citation:
Charles Lang Freer Papers. FSA A.01. National Museum of Asian Art Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of the estate of Charles Lang Freer.
Identifier:
FSA.A.01, Item FSA A.01 12.05.GN.004
See more items in:
Charles Lang Freer Papers
Charles Lang Freer Papers / Series 12: Photographs / 12.5: China / Photographs in China, 1910-1911, Glass Plate Negatives (16 Boxes)
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc35ab5c360-a93c-484c-914d-753cbcbc1a67
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-01-ref3181

Kaifeng, Wolong Palace, western room

Creator:
Freer, Charles Lang, 1856-1919  Search this
Yü Tai, c.1910  Search this
Names:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Collection Creator:
Freer, Charles Lang, 1856-1919  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative (glass plate negative, 8.5 x 6.5 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
Date:
1910
Scope and Contents:
Glass plate negative taken by Chinese photographer Yü Tai for Charles Lang Freer during his journey to the cave temples of Longmen in Henan Province, and a subsequent brief trip to Hangzhou in Zhejiang Province, between October 1910 and February 1911.
开封
Local Numbers:
FSA A.01 12.05.GN.005
General:
Title is provided by FSg Archives staff
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Antiquities  Search this
Palaces -- China  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass
Collection Citation:
Charles Lang Freer Papers. FSA A.01. National Museum of Asian Art Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of the estate of Charles Lang Freer.
Identifier:
FSA.A.01, Item FSA A.01 12.05.GN.005
See more items in:
Charles Lang Freer Papers
Charles Lang Freer Papers / Series 12: Photographs / 12.5: China / Photographs in China, 1910-1911, Glass Plate Negatives (16 Boxes)
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc32264020a-327f-4ea6-a8bc-8f83522eb893
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-01-ref3182

Kaifeng, Wolong Palace

Creator:
Freer, Charles Lang, 1856-1919  Search this
Yü Tai, c.1910  Search this
Names:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Collection Creator:
Freer, Charles Lang, 1856-1919  Search this
Extent:
1 Glass plate negative (glass plate negative, 8.5 x 6.5 in.)
Type:
Archival materials
Glass plate negatives
Photographs
Place:
China
Date:
1910
Scope and Contents:
Glass plate negative taken by Chinese photographer Yü Tai for Charles Lang Freer during his journey to the cave temples of Longmen in Henan Province, and a subsequent brief trip to Hangzhou in Zhejiang Province, between October 1910 and February 1911.
开封
Local Numbers:
FSA A.01 12.05.GN.006
General:
Title is provided by FSg Archives staff
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Antiquities  Search this
Palaces -- China  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1900-1910 -- Black-and-white negatives -- Glass
Collection Citation:
Charles Lang Freer Papers. FSA A.01. National Museum of Asian Art Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of the estate of Charles Lang Freer.
Identifier:
FSA.A.01, Item FSA A.01 12.05.GN.006
See more items in:
Charles Lang Freer Papers
Charles Lang Freer Papers / Series 12: Photographs / 12.5: China / Photographs in China, 1910-1911, Glass Plate Negatives (16 Boxes)
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/dc3408576f6-e8c3-422a-84ba-dbec4b21647f
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-fsa-a-01-ref3183

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