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Snapshot with Car

Maker:
unknown  Search this
Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 6.7 cm x 8.5 cm; 2 5/8 in x 3 11/32 in
Object Name:
photograph
Date made:
ca 1940s-1950s
Subject:
African American  Search this
ID Number:
1999.0281.068
Catalog number:
1999.0281.068
Accession number:
1999.0281
See more items in:
Work and Industry: Photographic History
Artifact Walls exhibit
Photography
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a3-b904-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_552761

Photographs

Collection Creator:
Gillespie, Dizzy, 1917-1993  Search this
Fishman, Charles  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1941-1993, undated
Scope and Contents:
Consist of numerous snapshots, some from the 1940s-1950s, of both Gillespie's performances and his personal life. These images document concerts in venues small and large, international tours, other musicians whom he played with or influenced, his friends and family, and significant events in his life, such as the elaborate cruise/jam session with which he celebrated his seventy-fifth birthday in 1992 - the year before he died. Fishman arranged many of the photographs into photograph albums. There are also loose snapshots, 8" x 10" photographs, and some oversize photographs. Series is arranged in four subseries: Subseries 8.1, Dizzy Gillespie, 1941-1993, undated; Subseries 8.2, Albums, 1988-1993; Subseries 8.3, Other Artists, undated; and Subseries 8.4, Negatives, undated.
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Charismic Productions Records of Dizzy Gillespie, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0979, Series 8
See more items in:
Charismic Productions Records of Dizzy Gillespie
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0979-ref18

U.S. Steel Corporation Photograph Albums

Creator:
Aikins, Russell Chorley, 1896-  Search this
U.S. Steel Corporation  Search this
Extent:
3 Cubic feet (8 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photograph albums
Photographs
Date:
circa 1940s
Scope and Contents:
The collection comprises of 21 albums depicting the steel making and finishing operations of the United States Steel Corporation. All of the images were made by Russell Aikins around 1940. The albums contain photographic prints (8" x 9-1/2"). The majority of prints are mounted on spiral-bound pages. The photographs were created for public relations purposes and provide visual documentation of American steel making technology, production practice, and worker manager relationships. Subject matter varies widely, depicting the process of manufacturing steel or steel-related products. The photographs have a strong human and dramatic emphasis. The strongest theme is industrial mobilization for the war effort. Many photographs document female wartime work in industry, and African American workers are also represented. The theme of worker safety is well documented with images depicting safety glasses and protective garments. Printed captions below each photograph usually identify workers by name and occupation.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into one series, chronologically by album number.
Biographical:
Russell Chorley Aikins was born in Philadelphia on December 7, 1896. He began his photographic career at the Philadelphia Inquirer as a news photographer in 1917. Two years later, Aikins joined the New York Times Sunday Rotogravure Section and the World Wide Syndicate as a staff photographer. In the early 1920s, Aikins organized and ran the New York Times Washington picture bureau. Aikins served briefly, in 1929, as an editor for the newly developing Associated Press (AP) photo service. Following the growing trend in the photo news industry Aikins left the AP and became a freelance photographer. He opened his studio in New York City and did work for Fortune, Time, Life, and Colliers.

Aikins career shifted in 1937 when he decided to "devote all my time to the portrayal of business and industry." Aikins noted the need for big business to be represented and saw his images as tools for business self-promotion: "It had been a growing conviction with me that industry in addition to its product advertising should promote its fitness to serve the public and its ability to make quality goods." He started to recruit companies to combat the stereotypical cold, unfeeling edge of big business. Aikins called this new style of photography "camera-reporting," which he thought could transport stockholders, customers, and the public into the mills, giving the viewer greater confidence in the corporation and its products. A few companies Aikins represented included Chrysler Corporation, General Electric Company, Johnson & Johnson, and the United States Steel Corporation. After World War Two the demand for the technique Aikins helped to pioneer began to diminish as public and labor attitudes changed. After 1948, there is no record of Aikins' activities.

Source

Division of Work and Industry staff.
Historical:
The United States Steel Corporation was created in 1901 by the purchase and consolidation of several companies by financier J.P. Morgan. At the time of formation, it was the largest company in the world. U.S. Steel represented Morgan's attempt to bring stability to the volatile steel market. Morgan purchased Andrew Carnegie's highly aggressive Carnegie Steel and brought it together with Federal Steel, National Tube, American Steel and Wire, American Sheet Steel, American Hoop Steel, American Tin Plate, American Bridge, and the Lake Superior Consolidated Iron Mines. Other companies were added later.

Capitalized at $1.4 billion, U.S. Steel was in 1901 the largest company in the world. It controlled over 50% of American Steel production but was in many ways hamstrung by its size. While the operation of Carnegie Steel was characterized by technological efficiency, US Steel avoided innovation. Some in the company referred to the Corporation's policy as "no inventions, no innovation." The company was thought by many to be driven by a banker's vision of protecting investment, not an industrialist's vision of increasing production. Always sensitive about public antitrust action, Elbert Gary, the leader of the company, sought to cast U.S. Steel as a "good trust." In 1936, the CIO formed the Steel Workers Organizing Committee (SWOC), and began a massive union drive. Although strongly antiunion, U.S. Steel, under Myron Taylor was the first major steel company to recognize the steelworkers union in 1937.

An industry once characterized by low wages and harsh conditions emerged by the late 1940s as one of the highest-paying blue collar employers, forced to negotiate with one of the nation's most powerful unions. Following recognition of the union U.S. Steel followed a corporate strategy of paying for wage settlements by increasing steel prices. This often put the giant company at odds with governmental economic policy.

Source

Division of Work and Industry staff.
Related Materials:
Materials at Other Organizations

Baker Library Historical Collections, Harvard Business School

1934 Art and Industry Exhibition photograph collection

The 1934 Art and Industry Exhibition photograph collection contains photographs that were on display in New York City and Chicago in an exhibition sponsored by the National Alliance of Art and Industry.

United States Steel Corporation photographs, circa 1940-1960

A large collection of black and white gelatin silver prints depicting the United States Steel Corporation's steel plants, works, personnel, machinery, mining operations, buildings, warehouses and production of the numerous products manufactured by the company, circa 1940-1960.

Industrial Life Photograph Collection, 1920-1941

Photographs collected by the Business Historical Society to document major industries in the United States and industrial processes.

Lowell National Historical Park

Youngstown Center for Industry and Labor
Provenance:
Immediate source of acquisition is unknown.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
World War, 1939-1945 -- War work  Search this
Safety  Search this
Steel industry and trade  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photograph albums -- 1940-1950
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1940-1950
Citation:
U.S. Steel Corporation Photograph Albums, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1037
See more items in:
U.S. Steel Corporation Photograph Albums
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1037
Online Media:

Gary Works, Carnegie-Illinois Steel Corp., Gary, Indiana [black and white photoprint]

Photographer:
Aikins, Russell Chorley, 1896-  Search this
Names:
Carnegie-Illinois Steel Corporation  Search this
Collection Creator:
Aikins, Russell Chorley, 1896-  Search this
U.S. Steel Corporation  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (Silver gelatin on paper., 7.5" x 9.5".)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Place:
Gary (Ind.)
Date:
circa 1940-1950
Scope and Contents:
Printed caption: "Employees leaving Gary Works of the Carnegie-Illinois Steel Corporation at conclusion of the day shift. Over 21,000 people are employed at this plant, which is the world's largest steel mill." Large "Victory" sign in background. At left of title is printed Neg. No. 1840. Image includes several women and at least three African Americans, but most are white men. Nearly all wear hats or caps.
Local Numbers:
AC1037-0000002.tif (AC Scan)
General:
In Box 5.
Restrictions:
Unrestricted research use on site by appointment. Photographs must be handled with cotton gloves unless protected by sleeves.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Steel industry and trade -- Indiana  Search this
Iron and steel workers -- Indiana  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1940-1950 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
U.S. Steel Corporation Photograph Albums, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
U.S. Steel Corporation Photograph Albums
U.S. Steel Corporation Photograph Albums / Album 18, Gary Works, Carnegie-Illinois Steel Corporation, Gary, Indiana (Negative #1838-Negative #1890)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1037-ref574

Photograph Album, Bloch Family

Collection Creator:
Bloch, Albert  Search this
Container:
Box 16, Folder 10
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1940s-1950s
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Albert Bloch papers, 1873-2014. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Albert Bloch papers
Albert Bloch papers / Series 7: Photographic Material
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-blocalbe-ref291

Zembo Shrine Photograph Album

Creator:
Zembo Shrine (Location of Meeting--Harrisburg, Pennsylvania; )  Search this
Names:
Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine for North America  Search this
Extent:
0.15 Cubic feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photograph albums
Photographs
Date:
1949, 1959
Scope and Contents:
An album of photographs documenting the activities of the members of the Zembo Shrine of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. The album Includes images of members involved in charitable activities for children from Shriners' Hospitals; of members engaged in ritual activities or participating in public events such as parades; and of members in regalia.
Arrangement:
Collection is unarranged.
Biographical / Historical:
The Zembo Shrine of Harrisburg was constituted on October 12, 1904, 32 years after the Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine was established. Their activities emphasized work with children's hospitals.
Provenance:
Purchased from Serendipity Antiques.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Rites and ceremonies  Search this
Fraternal organizations  Search this
Charity  Search this
Regalia  Search this
Freemasonry  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photograph albums -- 1940-1950
Photographs -- 1940-1960
Citation:
Zembo Shrine Photograph Album,1949, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1399
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1399

Alice Weber Photograph Albums

Creator:
Weber, Alice  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (3 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photograph albums
Photographs
Place:
Okinawa
Shanghai (China) -- 1940-1950
Kauai (Hawaii)
Oahu (Hawaii)
Honolulu (Hawaii)
China
Guam
Hawaii
Hilo (Hawaii)
Date:
1945-1948
Summary:
Collection consists of two photograph albums documenting Alice Weber's work and travels to California, Japan (specifically Okinawa), Hawaii, China and Guam from 1945-1948. The images depict base housing and facilities, Weber's co-workers, aircraft, sheet metal shops, historic sites, agriculture (including cane, pineapple and coffee cultivation in Hawaii), native people, cities, and other subjects.
Scope and Contents:
Two photograph albums, captioned (in some instances with brief descriptions, locations, and dates), documenting Alice Weber's travels to California, Okinawa, Japan, Hawaii, China and Guam, from 1945-1948.. The images depict such things as base housing and facilities in Hawaii, Weber's co-workers, aircraft, sheet metal shops, historic sites, agriculture (including cane, pineapple and coffee cultivation in Hawaii), native people, cities, and other subjects. There is also a printed booklet titled First Air Division, 1947. The booklet describes Okinawa and was written and compiled by Captain Robert F. Meritt, staff public information officer for the United States Air Force. Many of the line illustrations in the booklet were drawn by McFadden of the Daily Okinawan.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into one series.
Biographical / Historical:
Alice Weber worked in a civilian capacity on a military base in Okinawa, Japan. Her work was connected to sheet metal. Her work and travels took her to California, Japan, Hawaii, China, and Guam.
Related Materials:
Materials in the Archives Center

The History of the Royal Hawaiian Band Collection, 1836-1980 (AC0361)

A.R. Van Tassell Photograph Albums, 1900-1956 (AC1015)

Underwood & Underwood Glass Stereograph Collection, 1895-1921 (AC0143)

Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Hawaii Series, ca. 1724-1977 (AC0060)
Provenance:
Collection donated by Ruth Masters on December 31, 2008.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Gloves must be worn when handling unprotected photographs and negatives.
Rights:
Copyright status unknown. Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Airplanes  Search this
Agriculture -- Hawaii  Search this
Aircraft  Search this
Military bases  Search this
Pineapples -- Hawaii  Search this
Coffee -- Hawaii  Search this
Hawaiians  Search this
Sheet-metal work  Search this
Sugar cane -- Hawaii  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photograph albums -- 1940-1950
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1940-1950
Citation:
Alice Weber Photograph Albums, 1945-1948, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1144
See more items in:
Alice Weber Photograph Albums
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1144

J. Curtis Lamp Papers

Donor:
Lamp, Robert A.  Search this
Creator:
Lamp, J. Curtis  Search this
Extent:
2 Cubic feet (2 boxes)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Journals (periodicals)
Medical notes
Reports
Writings
Photographs
Correspondence
Photograph albums
Date:
1942 - 1988
Scope and Contents:
The papers document the life and career of surgeon J. Curtis Lamp, a plastic surgeon who specialized in reconstructive facial surgery for soldiers with traumatic combat injuries. The collection includes case studies, statistics, photographs of patients (some are close-ups of their injuries), journal articles by Dr. Lamp and by others, letters between Lamp and his wife during Lamp's military service, Lamp's and his wife's wedding album, a resume, writings about medical subjects, medical illustrations (including photographic copies of illustrations), papers relating to Lamp's military and veteran's status, notes on surgical procedures, and miscellaneous reports on medical subjects.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged into one series.
Biographical / Historical:
Dr. Lamp was educated at Princeton University, Jefferson Medical College and interned at Bryn Mawr. He founded and was Chief of Plastic Surgery at Bryn Mawr Hospital and Chief of Maxillofacial Service at Delaware County Memorial Hospital. He also served at Temple University, Montgomery, University of Pennsylvania, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, and Alfred I. DuPont Institute Hospitals. He was a veteran of the U.S. Army Medical Corps. He died in 2015.
Provenance:
Donated to the Archives Center by Robert A. Lamp, Dr. Lamp's son, 2016.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Occupation:
Medicine  Search this
Physicians  Search this
Surgeons  Search this
Topic:
Face -- Surgery  Search this
Surgery, Plastic  Search this
Genre/Form:
Journals (periodicals) -- 20th century
Medical notes -- 20th century
Reports -- 20th century
Writings -- 20th century
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- 20th century
Correspondence -- 1940-1950
Photograph albums -- 20th century
Citation:
J. Curtis Lamp Papers, 1942-1988, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1412
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1412

Mamoru Oishi Papers

Creator:
Oishi, Mamoru, 1918-1993  Search this
Names:
United States. War Department. Military Intelligence Service  Search this
Extent:
0.5 Cubic feet (1 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Maps
Identity cards
Photograph albums
Booklets
Guidebooks
Dictionaries
Date:
circa 1941-1962
Scope and Contents:
The collection includes a photograph album containing photographs documenting Oishi's experiences as a Japanese American soldier during World War II and his time with the Military Intelligence Service; identification cards; maps and guidebooks; booklets issued to soldiers; language dictionaries; and miscellany.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into one series.
Biographical / Historical:
Oishi, a Nisei soldier, was recruited into the Military Intelligence Service, a unit primarily composed of Japanese Americans who were trained as linguists. Graduates of the MIS language school were attached to other military units and performed translation, interpretation, and interrogation services. WIth the MIS, Oishi spent time in Hawaii, Minnesota, New Guinea, Australia, and the Philippines.
Provenance:
Collection donated by Karen Oishi, 2015.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Genre/Form:
Maps -- 1940-1959.
Identity cards -- 1940-1950
Photograph albums -- 1940-1950
Booklets -- 1940-1950
Guidebooks -- 1940-1950
Dictionaries -- 1940-1950
Citation:
Mamoru Oishi Papers, ca. 1941-1962, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1420
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1420

Joyce P. De La Hunt Papers

Creator:
De La Hunt, Joyce P., 192?-1986  Search this
Ward, Lucille E.  Search this
Names:
Marquette University -- 1940-1950  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (5 boxes )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Clippings
Theses
Scrapbooks
Albums
Place:
Milwaukee (Wis.)
Atlantic City (N.J.) -- 1940-1950
Date:
circa 1860-1950
Summary:
Two photograph albums, two scrapbooks, carbon copy typescript of master's thesis, miscellaneous photographs, etc. Scrapbooks contain newspaper clippings about De La Hunt's career as a "girl sports reporter" and articles by her.
Scope and Contents:
The collection contains two scrapbooks, two photograph albums, a typescript of Miss De La Hunt's Master's thesis, and miscellaneous photographs. The photograph albums contain a variety of family snapshots and the scrapbooks contain newspaper clippings about De La Hunt's career as a "girl sports reporter" as well as articles written by her. In addition, there are miscellaneous photoprints and an American passport, 1926. This collection is arranged into three series: Series 1: Scrapbooks, 1943-1945, Series 2: Photographs, ca. 1860s-1950s and Series 3: Miscellaneous, 1926, 1950.
Arrangement:
The collection is divided into three series.

Series 1: Scrapbooks

Series 2: Photographs

Series 3: Miscellaneous
Biographical / Historical:
Joyce P. De La Hunt was a horticulturist with a Davidsonville, Maryland, nursery and a hospital administrator, social worker, and newspaper writer. A graduate of Marquette University (Ph.B.) in her native Milwaukee, where she was a sports reporter and women's sports editor for the Marquette University Tribune (1943), Miss De La Hunt took a Master of Social Work degree at Catholic University. In 1944 she was working for the MilwaukeeSentinel , and, in 1945, for first the Atlantic City, New JerseyDaily World , where she was sports editor (also doing special assignments), then advertising manager for the Atlantic CityJersey Times . She later moved to the Washington, D.C. area, obtaining her master's degree in 1950. In the 1950s she was a social worker for Travelers Aid in Washington, and from 1959 to 1967 served as administrator of what later became the Hospital for Sick Children, and then spent three years as an assistant administrator of Junior Village. She was director of Anne Arundel County's "Open Door," a drug counseling facility, 1970-1974. Later Miss De La Hunt studied horticulture at the University of Maryland, and since 1975 worked at Bitter Hill nursery in Davidsonville. She died October 10, 1986, at Anne Arundel General Hospital after a stroke.[1]

[1]Obituary, The Washington Post, Oct. 14, 1986, p. B4.
Provenance:
This collection was donated by Lucille E. Ward on February 19, 1997.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Reporters and reporting -- 1940-1950  Search this
Women in the press -- 1940-1950  Search this
Sports -- 1940-1950  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1940-1950
Clippings -- 1940-1950
Theses
Scrapbooks -- 1900-1950
Albums -- 1940-1950
Citation:
Joyce P. De La Hunt Papers, ca. 1860-1950, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0573
See more items in:
Joyce P. De La Hunt Papers
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0573
Online Media:

Japanese American Documentary Collection

Creator:
Tanaka, Peter, Dr.  Search this
Tsukamoto, Mary  Search this
McGovern, Melvin  Search this
Nitta, Eugene T.  Search this
Ishimoto, Norman  Search this
Source:
Armed Forces History, Division of (NMAH, SI).  Search this
Former owner:
Armed Forces History, Division of (NMAH, SI).  Search this
Names:
Japanese Americans Citizens League  Search this
Emi, Frank  Search this
Hashimoto, M.  Search this
Kamikawa, Juichi  Search this
Kamikawa, Kazu, Mrs.  Search this
Kawashiri  Search this
Kihari, Shigeya  Search this
Matsumoto  Search this
Miyake, Takashi  Search this
Oliver, Floyd A.  Search this
Ozamoto, T.  Search this
Vogel, Mabel Rose  Search this
Wakabayashi, Ron  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (3 boxes and 1 oversized folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Typescripts
Passports
Albums
Books
Cartoons (humorous images)
Christmas cards
Comic books
Newsletters
Panoramas
Personal papers
Photograph albums
Photographs
Posters
Ration books
Scrapbooks
Telegrams
Place:
Minidoka
Manzanar
Idaho
Amache (Calif.)
California -- 1940-1950
Date:
1900s-1993
Scope and Contents:
The collection is an assortment of souvenirs and memorabilia, which have survived the years since World War II. Many of them, Christmas cards, high school graduation programs, notes to friends, snapshots, and photographic prints in the form of dance programs reflect the interests and concerns of all teenagers. There are camp newsletters and Japanese passports, identification cards, ration books, meal passes, posters; a photograph album contains both family photographs and a record of achievements of members of the Kamikawa family. There is a transcript of a taped interview with Mrs. Kamikawa, who was nearly 90 in February 1982, the time of the interview. A book, Lone Heart Mountain by Estelle Ishigo, portrays in text and sketches life in the relocation centers.

The collection has been filed under the name of each donor rather than by subject such as passports, newsletters, photographs. With very few exceptions the material is in good condition. The historical sketch of the Matsumoto family tree in the photograph album is badly damaged.
Arrangement:
1 series, arranged alphabetically by donor.
Biographical / Historical:
On December 7, 1941, the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor and the United States went to war. On February 19, 1942, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9066 authorizing the military to exclude "any and all persons" from designated areas of the United States to protect the national defense. Thus, without the imposition of martial law, the military were given authority over the civilian population.

Under this order, nearly 120,000 men, women and children of Japanese ancestry, nearly two thirds of who were United States citizens, were forced out of their homes and into detention camps in isolated areas of the west. Many of them spent the years of the war living under armed guards, and behind barbed wire. Children spent their school days in the camps, young men left to volunteer or be drafted for military service. The War Relocation Authority administered the camps.

This collection of documentary materials relates to the involuntary relocation of Japanese Americans was collected by the Division of Armed Forces History in connection with the exhibit A More Perfect Union: Japanese Americans and the United States Constitution at the National Museum of American History in 1988. The donors either were members of the Japanese American Citizens League or reached through the League. Interesting and revealing information is available about a few of the donors. They were primarily teenagers or young adults at the time of the relocation and the materials in the collection reflect their interests and concerns. Juichi Kamikawa, who had completed a year of college in Fresno, California, graduated from the Corcoran School of Art in Washington, D.C. after the war and became a respected artist. His family record is one of distinction in both Japan and the United States for several generations. Masuichi Kamikawa, his father, received the Order of the Sacred Treasure from the Japanese Emperor for outstanding contributions to the cultural heritage of Japan. Among achievements cited were his work in merchandizing and banking in Fresno, California. Mary Tsukamoto is one of the contributors to the video conversations in the exhibit. She is a retired teacher who was 27 years old in 1942 and a long time resident of Florin, California. Along with her entire family, she was sent to the center at Jerome, Arkansas. Mabel Rose Vogel taught high school at one of the camps, Rowher Center, Arkansas.
Related Materials:
The Division of Armed Forces History will have additional documents collected for the exhibit, A More Perfect Union, described above, that may be useful. Another collection on this topic in the Archives Center is collection #450, the Gerald Lampoley Collection of Japanese American Letters, 1942 1943, a collection of six letters written by Japanese Americans to their former teacher. Researchers may also refer to the records of the War Relocation Authority, Record Group 210, or those of the United States Commands, 1947 , Record Group 338, in the National Archives. Further, the National Headquarters of the Japanese American Citizens League in San Francisco, California, and the Japanese American National Museum in Los Angeles, California, maintain related collections.
Provenance:
Donated by a number of Japanese Americans, many of whom are members of the Japanese American Citizens League, headquartered in San Francisco. This material was acquired for inclusion in the exhibition, A More Perfect Union, described above, but was not placed on display for one reason or another. In certain instances, items in this collection were omitted from the exhibit if they were considered too fragile or too sensitive to prolonged exposure to light. It is possible that related items, currently on display, ultimately will be transferred to the Archives Center; if this occurs, it would be useful to distinguish between the two groups of exhibited and undisplayed materials. Transferred from the Division of Armed Forces History, June 1988.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.

Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow. Collection located at off-site storage area.

Viewing film portion of collection requires special appointment, please inquire; listening to LP recordings only possible by special arrangement. Do not use original materials when available on reference video or audio tapes.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: fees for commercial use. All duplication requests must be reviewed and approved by Archives Center staff.
Topic:
Military history, Modern  Search this
Concentration camps -- 1942-1945 -- United States  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Genre/Form:
Typescripts -- 1940-1950
Passports
Albums -- 1940-1950
Books
Cartoons (humorous images) -- 20th century
Christmas cards
Comic books
Newsletters -- 1940-1950
Panoramas
Personal papers -- 1940-1950
Photograph albums -- 1940-1950
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1940-1950
Posters -- 1940-1960
Ration books
Scrapbooks -- 1900-1950
Telegrams -- 1940-1950
Citation:
Japanese American Documentary Collection, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0305
See more items in:
Japanese American Documentary Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0305
Online Media:

[Family that has been relocated : [black-and-white photoprint.]

Collector:
Kamikawa, Juichi  Search this
Collection Creator:
Tanaka, Peter, Dr.  Search this
Tsukamoto, Mary  Search this
McGovern, Melvin  Search this
Nitta, Eugene T.  Search this
Ishimoto, Norman  Search this
Collection Source:
Armed Forces History, Division of (NMAH, SI).  Search this
Extent:
1 Item (photo paper., 6.0" x 3.8".)
Container:
Box 2, Folder 3
Culture:
Japanese Americans -- Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
circa 1943
Local Numbers:
AC0305-0000010 (AC Scan)
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.

Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow. Collection located at off-site storage area.

Viewing film portion of collection requires special appointment, please inquire; listening to LP recordings only possible by special arrangement. Do not use original materials when available on reference video or audio tapes.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: fees for commercial use. All duplication requests must be reviewed and approved by Archives Center staff.
Topic:
Concentration camps -- United States  Search this
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Barracks -- 1940-1950  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- 1940-1950 -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin
Collection Citation:
Japanese American Documentary Collection, dates, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
See more items in:
Japanese American Documentary Collection
Japanese American Documentary Collection / Kamikawa, Juichi and Mrs. Kazu / Photograph album (original)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0305-ref581

Photographs of architectural projects: Album I

Creator:
Breuer, Marcel, 1902-1981  Search this
Type:
Albums
Date:
1947-1956
Topic:
Architectures  Search this
Buildings  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA)10525
See more items in:
Marcel Breuer papers, 1920-1986
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_item_10525
Online Media:

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