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Conus (Dendroconus) magus

Collector:
M. Bochenski  Search this
Ocean/Sea/Gulf:
South Pacific Ocean  Search this
Preparation:
Dry
Place:
Pentecost Island, Vanuatu, South Pacific Ocean
Collection Date:
Jan 1970
Common name:
Gastropods
Published Name:
Conus (Dendroconus) magus Linnaeus, 1758
USNM Number:
781127
See more items in:
Invertebrate Zoology
Mollusca
Eker collection
Data Source:
NMNH - Invertebrate Zoology Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3ca50402d-8073-4868-a329-193ece497f8b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhinvertebratezoology_563108

Kal Muller films and photographs of Vanuatu (New Hebrides)

Creator:
Müller, Kal, 1939-  Search this
Extent:
39 Film reels (color, 16mm)
29,095 Slides (color, 35mm)
1 Linear foot
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Film reels
Slides
Place:
Melanesia
Vanuatu
Pentecost Island (Vanuatu)
Tanna Island (Vanuatu)
Banks Islands (Vanuatu)
Malekula (Vanuatu)
Date:
1968-1974
Summary:
Kalman "Kal" Antal Muller is a photographer and author who spent several years during the late 1960s and early 1970s living with and documenting kastom (in Bislama; tradition or custom, in English) communities in Vanuatu, an island nation in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The Kal Muller films and photographs of Vanuatu (New Hebrides) consists largely of unedited reels of 16mm film and 35mm photographic slides that Muller shot on multiple trips to the Banks, Malekula, Pentecost, and Tanna islands from 1968-1974. Supplementary textual materials include correspondence, production records, and published articles related to Muller's time in Vanuatu.
Scope and Contents:
The Kal Muller films and photographs of Vanuatu (New Hebrides) contain Muller's extensive visual documentation of traditional Ni-Vanuatu practices, including Small Nambas funerary practices; ceremonial dances and preparation of kava by followers of the John Frum movement on Tanna Island; yam harvest and preparation; and the naghol (land dive) carried out by the Bunlap community on Pentecost Island. The bulk of the collection consists of unedited reels of 16mm film and 35mm photographic slides that Muller shot on multiple trips to the Banks, Malekula, Pentecost, and Tanna islands from 1968-1974 with support from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Strokes, the National Anthropological Film Center, and National Geographic. The collection also contains supplementary textual materials, such as correspondence between Muller and E. Richard Sorenson, production records, and published articles related to Muller's film projects. The collection also includes a small number of photographic slides taken in Hong Kong.

Films and slides are organized in separate series by format, then by geographic region/film project.

Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Biographical Note:
Kalman "Kal" Antal Muller is a photographer and author who spent several years during the late 1960s and early 1970s living with and documenting kastom (in Bislama; tradition or custom, in English) communities in Vanuatu, an island nation in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. Born in Hungary in 1939, Muller moved to the United States at age twelve. He first visited Vanuatu in 1966 following a sailing trip across the Pacific. As he developed ties with Ni-Vanuatu communities, Muller filmed and photographed traditional practices on different islands across the archipelago, including the Banks, Malekula, Pentecost, and Tanna islands. Muller filmed the naghol (land dive) carried out by the Bunlap community on Pentecost Island, resulting in the film Land-Divers of Melanesia, a collaboration with Robert Gardner and the Harvard Film Study Center. Muller also performed the naghol himself and wrote about the experience in a 1970 article for National Geographic, "Land Diving with the Pentecost Islanders," which was illustrated with his photographs. His time in Vanuatu provided Muller with material for other published pieces featuring his photographs, including a second story for National Geographic and several articles in the Journal de la Société des Océanistes. His photographs and films of kastom communities garnered interest and support from several cultural anthropologists at the time, including E. Richard Sorenson and Alan Lomax, as well as from NIH scientist D. Carleton Gajdusek.

From 1973 to 1975, with backing from Sorenson and Gajdusek, Muller also spent time with the Wixárika (Huichol) community in San Andrés Cohamiata, Jalisco, Mexico, and shot extensive film footage focusing on Wixárika religious practices.

Muller completed a PhD in Modern Language and Literature with a Major in French from the University of Arizona in 1973. Since 1976 he has lived in Indonesia, mainly Papua, where he went on to write English-language guides to traveling and diving in the region. He has also worked as an art dealer and promotor of Komoro sculpture, and as an advisor on indigenous history, culture, and social development to Freeport, a mining company operating in Papua.

Sources Consulted

Dalton, Bill. "Dr. Kal Muller: Champion of the Kamoros." 2014. Accessed February 28, 2022, https://web.archive.org/web/20210613082307/https://www.baliadvertiser.biz/kal_muller/.

Jolly, Margaret. Women of the Place: Kastom, colonialism, and gender in Vanuatu. New York: Harwood Academic Publishers, 2002.

Muller, Kal. "Land Diving with the Pentecost Islanders." National Geographic, December 1970.

Muller, Kal. "Taboos and Magic Rule Namba Lives." National Geographic, January 1972.

Tabani, Marc. "The Carnival of Custom: Land Dives, Millenarian Parades and Other Spectacular Ritualizations in Vanuatu." Oceania 80, 3 (November 2010): 309-328. https://www.jstor.org/stable/20877382.
Related Materials:
Kal Muller's film footage and photographs focusing on the Wixárika (Huichol) community in San Andrés Cohamiata, Jalisco, Mexico, are also held by the Human Studies Film Archives (HSFA.1989.03, Kal Muller films of Jalisco).
Separated Materials:
A group of Muller's photographs taken in Mexico was received by the archives with the Vanuatu materials; those photographs were interfiled with HSFA.1989.03, Kal Muller films of Jalisco.
Provenance:
Films and a portion of the slides were received from Kal Muller and the National Institutes of Health in 1974 and 1975. An additional group of slides was received from Kal Muller in 2019 (accession 2019.21).
Restrictions:
Please contact the archives for information on availability of access copies of audiovisual recordings. Original audiovisual material in the Human Studies Film Archives may not be played.

Some of this material contains sensitive content and is not available for access. Please contact the repository for more information.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Ni-Vanuatu  Search this
Citation:
Kal Muller films and photographs of Vanuatu (New Hebrides), Human Studies Film Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
HSFA.1975.01
See more items in:
Kal Muller films and photographs of Vanuatu (New Hebrides)
Archival Repository:
Human Studies Film Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/pc91baf9def-d7dd-4fba-a1bb-15673ffe4588
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-hsfa-1975-01
Online Media:

Pentecost : an island in Vanuatu / text, Genevieve Mescam ; photography, Denis Coulombier

Author:
Mescam, Genevieve  Search this
Physical description:
ix, 59 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 21 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Pentecost Island (Vanuatu)
Date:
1989
Topic:
Description and travel  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Call number:
DU760 .M57 1989
DU760.M57 1989
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_398090

The other side : ways of being and place in Vanuatu / John Patrick Taylor

Author:
Taylor, John Patrick  Search this
University of Hawaii at Manoa Center for Pacific Islands Studies  Search this
Physical description:
xiv, 238 p. : ill., maps ; 25 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Vanuatu
Pentecost Island
Pentecost Island (Vanuatu)
Date:
2008
C2008
Topic:
Hano (Ni-Vanuatu people)--Social life and customs  Search this
Hano language--Social aspects  Search this
Ethnology--Fieldwork  Search this
Social life and customs  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1007097

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