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E.P. (Edgar Preston) and Constance Richardson papers, 1814-1996, bulk 1921-1996

Creator:
Richardson, Edgar Preston, 1902-1985  Search this
Richardson, Constance Coleman, 1905-2002  Search this
Subject:
Rutledge, Anna Wells  Search this
Simper, Fred  Search this
McDermott, John Francis  Search this
Speck, Walter  Search this
Stevens, William B.  Search this
Fredericks, Marshall M.  Search this
Castano, Giovanni  Search this
Soria, Regina  Search this
Lynes, Russell  Search this
Frankenstein, Alfred V. (Alfred Victor)  Search this
Hardy, Jeremiah Pearson  Search this
Pleasants, J. Hall (Jacob Hall)  Search this
Garrison, Eve Josephson  Search this
Bishop, Isabel  Search this
Allston, Washington  Search this
Woolfenden, William E. (William Edward)  Search this
Ripley, Sidney Dillon  Search this
Morse, John D.  Search this
Watkins, Franklin Chenault  Search this
Lewis, W. S. (Wilmarth Sheldon)  Search this
Marsh, Reginald  Search this
Sheeler, Charles  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo  Search this
Bostick, William A.  Search this
Jungwirth, Irene G. (Irene Gayas)  Search this
Oliver, Andrew  Search this
Simpson, Corelli C. W.  Search this
Andrews, Wayne  Search this
Valentiner, Wilhelm Reinhold  Search this
Middeldorf, Ulrich Alexander  Search this
Spark, Victor D. (Victor David)  Search this
Fleischman, Lawrence A. (Lawrence Arthur)  Search this
Sellers, Charles Coleman  Search this
Heil, Walter  Search this
Lee-Smith, Hughie  Search this
Bouché, Louis  Search this
Moser, Liselotte  Search this
Flexner, James Thomas  Search this
Vose, Robert C. (Robert Churchill)  Search this
Cohn, Harold  Search this
Aram, Siegfried F.  Search this
Mast, Gerald  Search this
Krentzin, Earl  Search this
Groce, George C.  Search this
Peale, Charles Willson  Search this
Culver, Charles B. (Charles Beach)  Search this
Wedda, John  Search this
Boyd, Julian P. (Julian Parks)  Search this
O'Keeffe, Georgia  Search this
Wyeth, Andrew  Search this
Hopper, Edward  Search this
Rockefeller, Nelson A. (Nelson Aldrich)  Search this
Rockefeller, John D.  Search this
Copeland, Lammot du Pont  Search this
Freeman, Michael W.  Search this
Allen, Joseph  Search this
Peale family  Search this
Castano Galleries  Search this
Historical Society of Pennsylvania  Search this
Macbeth Gallery  Search this
Archives of American Art  Search this
Philadelphia Museum of Art  Search this
National Collection of Fine Arts (U.S.)  Search this
National Portrait Gallery (Smithsonian Institution)  Search this
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
White House (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Detroit Institute of Arts  Search this
Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Manuscripts
Interviews
Diaries
Transcripts
Sketches
Lectures
Place:
Detroit (Mich.)
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Romanticism in art  Search this
Art -- History -- Study and teaching  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)10104
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212990
AAA_collcode_richedga
Theme:
Diaries
Art Theory and Historiography
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212990
Online Media:

Charles Lang Freer Papers

Creator:
Freer, Charles Lang, 1856-1919  Search this
Extent:
131 Linear feet (29 architectural drawings)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Diaries
Financial records
Correspondence
Photographs
Place:
China
Syria
Egypt
India
London (England)
Japan
Boston (Mass.)
Detroit (Mich.)
Washington (D.C.)
Kandy (Sri Lanka)
Sri Lanka
Anuradhapura (Sri Lanka)
Date:
1876-1931
Summary:
The personal papers of Charles Lang Freer, the industrialist and art collector who founded the Freer Gallery of Art. The papers include correspondence, diaries, art inventories, scrapbooks of clippings on James McNeil Whistler and other press clippings, and photographs.
Scope Content:
The personal papers of Charles Lang Freer, the industrialist and art collector who founded the Freer Gallery of Art. The papers include correspondence, diaries, art inventories, scrapbooks of clippings on James McNeil Whistler and other press clippings, financial material, architectural drawings, and photographs.

Correspondence, circa 1860-1921, includes Freer's correspondence, 1876-1920, with artists, dealers, collectors, museums, and public figures; letterpress books contain copies of Freer's outgoing letters, 1892-1910; correspondence collected by Freer of James McNeill Whistler, and his wife Beatrix, 186?-1909, with Lady Colin Campbell, Thomas R. Way, Alexander Reid, Whistler's mother, Mrs. George W. Whistler, and others; correspondence of Whistler collector Richard A. Canfield, 1904-1913, regarding works in Canfield's collection; and correspondence of Freer's assistant, Katharine Nash Rhoades, 1920-1921, soliciting Freer's letters from his associates, and regarding the settlement of his estate.

Also included are twenty-nine pocket diaries, 1889-1890, 1892-1898, 1900-1919, recording daily activities, people and places visited, observations, and comments; a diary kept by Freer's caretaker, Joseph Stephens Warring, recording daily activities at Freer's Detroit home, 1907-1910. Inventories, n.d. and 1901-1921, of American, European, and Asian art in Freer's collection, often including provenance information; vouchers, 1884-1919, documenting his purchases; five volumes of scrapbooks of clippings on James McNeill Whistler, 1888-1931, labeled "Various," "Peacock Room," "Death, etc.," "Paris, etc.," and "Boston...London" ; three volumes of newsclippings, 1900-1930, concerning Freer and the opening of the Freer Gallery of Art.

Correspondence regarding Freer's gift and bequest to the Smithsonian Institution, 1902-1916; and photographs, ca. 1880-1930, of Freer, including portraits by Alvin Langdon Coburn and Edward Steichen, Freer with others, Freer in Cairo, China and Japan, Freer's death mask, and his memorial service, Kyoto, 1930; photographs of artists and others, including Thomas Dewing, Ernest Fenollosa, Katharine Rhoades taken by Alfred Stieglitz, Rosalind B. Philip, Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Abbott H. Thayer, Dwight Tryon, and Whistler; and photographs relating to Whistler, including art works depicting him, grave and memorial monuments, works of art, the Peacock Room, and Whistler's memorial exhibition at the Copley Society.
Organization of the Papers:
This collection is organized into twelve series.

Series 1: Genealogical and Biographical Data

Series 2: Correspondence

Series 3: Diaries

Series 4: Freer Colleague Materials

Series 5: Art Inventories

Series 6: Financial Materials

Series 7: Exhibition Loan Files

Series 8: Biblical Manuscripts and Gold Treasure Files

Series 9: American School of Archaeology in China

Series 10: Printed Material

Series 11: Outsize Material

Series 12: Photographs
Biographical Note:
1854 February 25 -- Born in Kingston, New York

1873 -- Appointed accountant and paymaster of New York, Kingston and Syracuse Railroad by Frank J. Hecker (1846-1927)

1876 -- Moves to Indiana to work, with Hecker, for the Detroit and Eel River and Illinois Railroad

1880 -- Moves to Detroit, participates in organization of the Peninsular Car Works with Hecker

1883 -- Becomes vice president and secretary of Peninsular Car Company when it succeeds Peninsular Car Works

1883 -- Begins collecting European prints

1884 -- Peninsular Car Company constructs plant on Ferry Avenue

1887 -- Meets Howard Mansfield (1849-1938)

1887 -- Acquires proofs of 26 etchings, Venice, Second Series(1886), by James McNeill Whistler (1834-1903)

1887 -- Purchases a small Japanese fan attributed to Ogata Karin(1658-1715)

1887 -- Buys land on Ferry Avenue

1889 -- Meets Frederick Stuart Church (1826-1900) and Dwight William Tryon (1849-1925) in New York

1890 -- Commissions Wilson Eyre (1858-1944) to design house on Ferry Avenue, Detroit, Michigan

1890 -- On first trip to London, meets James McNeill Whistler(1834-1903)

1892 -- Moves to Ferry Avenue house

1892 -- Tryon and Thomas Wilmer Dewing (1851-1938) undertake decoration of reception rooms

1893 -- Lends American paintings to World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago

1893 -- Purchases first piece of Chinese art, a small painting of white herons by an anonymous Ming dynasty (1368-1644) artist

1894 -- Begins yearlong trip around the world, which includes visit to the Whistlers in Paris and first trip to Asia, stopping in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), India, China, and Japan

1896 -- Meets Matsuki Bunkyo (1867-1940) in Boston

1899 -- Takes part in consolidation of railroad-car building companies then retires from active business

1900 -- Attends Exposition International Universelle in Paris

1900 -- Buys villa in Capri with Thomas S. Jerome

1901 -- Meets Siegfried Bing (1838-1905) in Paris and Ernest Fenollosa(1853-1908), who visits Freer in Detroit

1902 -- Meets Dikran Kelekian (1868-1951)

1902 -- Spends summer in Britain building Whistler collection

1902 -- Views Whistler's, Harmony in Blue and Gold: The Peacock Room

1904 -- Purchases Whistler's Peacock Room

1904 -- Offers his art collections and funds to build a museum in which to house them to the Smithsonian Institution

1905 -- Smithsonian committee visits Freer in Detroit

1906 -- United States government formally accepts Freer's gift on January 24

1906 -- Freer signs Deed of Gift to Smithsonian Institution on May 5

1907 -- On second tour of Asia, meets Hara Tomitaro 1868-1939) in Yokohama, Japan

1908 -- Takes third trip to Asia, specifically to West Asia to study Rakka ware

1909 -- Tours Europe to study art museums

1909 -- On fourth trip to Asia, attends memorial ceremony for Fenollosa (d.1908 September) at Miidera, Japan, and meets Duanfang (1861-1911) in China

1910 -- On last trip to Asia, visits Longmen Buddhist caves in China

1911 -- Suffers stroke

1912 -- Lends selection of objects for exhibition at Smithsonian Institution

1913 -- Meets Eugene (1875-1957) and Agnes E. (1887-1970) Meyer

1913 -- Commissions Charles Adams Platt (1861-1933) to design museum building in Washington

1914 -- Meets Katharine Nash Rhoades (1885-1965) in Detroit

1915 -- Settles in New York City

1915 -- Site of future Freer Gallery of Art is determined

1916 -- Platt's plans for Freer Gallery are approved by Smithsonian Regents and Commission of Fine Arts and ground is broken in September

1918 -- After falling ill in Detroit, Freer travels to New York for treatment

1918 -- Work on the museum building is delayed by the war

1919 -- Freer appends codicil to will permitting acquisitions of Asian, Egyptian, and Near Eastern (West Asian) art

1919 -- Dies in New York City on 25 September and is buried in Kingston, New York

1919 -- Construction of Freer Gallery completed

1920 -- John Ellerton Lodge (1876-1942) is appointed director of the Freer Gallery

1923 -- Freer Gallery opens to the public on May 9

1930 -- Memorial ceremony for Freer is held at Koetsuji, Kyoto

Charles Lang Freer was an American industrialist who founded the Freer Gallery of Art. He was a well-known collector of Asian art, and strongly supported the synthesis of Eastern art and Western art. One of his most famous acquisitions was James McNeill Whistler's Peacock Room.
Index:
Index to cross-referenced correspondents in the series Charles Lang Freer correspondence

Beal, Junius E. -- See: -- Warring, Joseph Stephens

Black, George M. -- See: -- Saint-Gaudens, Augustus

Board of Education (Kingston, New York) See: Michael, M. J.

Bonner, Campbell See: University of Michigan

Boughton, George H. See: Yardley, F. C.

British Museum See: Binyon, Laurence; Hobson, R. L.

Brown, Harold H. See: Art Association of Indianapolis

Buchner, Evelyn B. See: Knoedler, M., and Company

Buckholder, C. H. See: Art Institute of Chicago

Butler, S. B. See: Unidentified correspondents

Carnegie Institute See: Balken, Edward Duff; Harshe, Robert B.

Carpenter, Newton H. See: Art Institute of Chicago

Caulkins, Horace James See: Pewabic Pottery

Chao, Shih-chin See: Gunn, Chu Su

Chicago & North Western Railway Co. See: Hughett, Marvin

Clark, Charles Upson See: Clark, Arthur B.

Cleveland Museum of Art See: Whiting, Frederic Allen

Columbia University See: Braun, W. A.; Gottheil, Richard; Hirth, Friederich

Commission of Fine Arts See: Moore, Charles

Corcoran Gallery of Art See: Minnigerode, C. Powell

Crocker, Anna B. See: Portland Art Association

Dannenberg, D. E. See: Karlbeck, Orvar

De Menoncal, Beatrice See: Lien, Hui Ch'ing Collection

De Ricci, Seymour See: Ricci, Seymour de

Defnet, William A., Mrs., See: Franke, Ida M.

DeMotte See: Vigouroux, J.

Detroit Institute of Arts See: Detroit Museum of Art

Detroit Publishing Company See: Livingstone, W. A.

Detroit School of Design See: George Hamilton; Stevens, Henry

DeVinne Press See: Peters, Samuel T.; Witherspoon, A. S.

Dyrenforth, P. C. See: Philip, Rosalind Birnie

Eddy, Arthur J. See: Philip, Rosalind Birnie

Eggers, George Williams See: Art Institute of Chicago

Farr, Daniel H. See: Robinson and Farr

Farrand School (Detroit) See: Yendall, Edith

Field Museum of Natural History (Chicago) See: Laufer, Berthold

Flagg, Frederick J. See: Allen, Horace N.

Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University See: Forbes, Edward; Pope, Arthur Upham; Sachs, Paul J.

French, M. R. See: Art Institute of Chicago

Fu, Lan-ya See: Pang, Lai-ch'en

Fujii, Yoshio See: Yoshio, Fujii

Gerrity, Thomas See: Knoedler, M., and Company

Goupil Gallery See: Marchant, William

Gray, William J. See: Barr, Eva

Great Lakes Engineering Works See: Hoyt, H. W.

Grolier Club See: Philip, Rosalind Birnie

Heinemann, W. See: Philip, Rosalind Birnie

Holden, Edward S. See: West Point, U. S. Military Academy

Hudson, J. L. See: Weber, William C.

Hutchins, Harry B. See: University of Michigan

Hutchins, Charles L. See: Art Institute of Chicago

Kelekian, H. G. See: Kelekian, Dikran G.

Kent, H. W. See: Metropolitan Museum of Art

Lee, Kee Son See: Li, Chi-ch'un

Levy, John See: Schneider, A. K.

Library of Congress See: Rice, Richard A.; Wright, Helen

Louvre (Paris, France) See: Midgeon, Gaston

Matsuki, Z. See: Matsuki, Kihachiro

McKim, Mead and White See: White, Stanford

Mills, A. L., Colonel See: Saint-Gaudens, Augustus

Miner, Luella See: Lien, Hui Ch'ing Collection

Minneapolis Institute of Arts See: Breck, Joseph; Van Derlip, John R.

Monif, R. Khan See: Rathbun, Richard

Museum of Fine Arts, Boston See: Lodge, John Ellerton

Naser, Katen & Nahass See: Katen, K.

Nordlinger, Marie, Miss See: Meyer-Riefstahl, Marie

Panama Pacific International Exposition See: Moore, Charles C.; Trask, John E. D.

Peabody Museum See: Morse, Edward Sylvester

Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts See: Trask, John E. D.

Perry, Mary Chase, Miss., See: Pewabic Pottery

Philip, Ronald M. See: Philip, Rosalind Birnie

Pope, G. D. See: Barr, Eva

Reinhart, A. G. See: Gottschalk, E.

Reitz, Sigisbert Chrétien Bosch See: Bosch-Reitz, Sigisbert Chrétien

Rutgers College See: Van Dyke, John C.

Saint-Gaudens, Augusta H. See: Saint-Gaudens, Augustus

Saint-Gaudens, Homer See: Saint-Gaudens, Augustus

Samurai Shokai See: Nomura, Yozo

San Francisco Art Association See: Laurvik, J. Nilsen

Scribner's, Charles, Sons See: Van Dyke, John C.

Shaw, Wilfred B. See: University of Michigan

Shirae, S. Z. See: Yamanaka and Company

Smith College See: Clark, Arthur B.

Smithsonian Institution See: Holmes, William Henry; Rathbun, Richard; Ravenel, Walcott, Charles D.

Society of Arts and Crafts (Detroit) See: Plumb, Helen

Societe des Beaux-Arts See: Reid, Alexander

Stevens, George W. See: Toledo Museum of Art

Stratton, Mary Chase Perry See: Pewabic Pottery

Tanaka, Kichijiro See: Yamanaka and Company

Tuttle, William F. See: Art Institute of Chicago

Union Trust Company (Detroit) See: Philip, Rosalind Birnie

United States Military Academy See: West Point, U. S. Military Academy

University of Chicago See: Zug, George Breed

University of Pennsylvania, Univ. Mus. See: Gordon, George Bryon

Ushikubo, D. J. R. See: Yamanaka and Company

Wallis & Son See: Barr, Eva; Thompson, C. Croal Ward, Clarence See: Oberlin College

Warren, Edward K. See: Philip, Rosalind Birnie

Warring, Stephen See: Warring, Joseph Stephens

Watkin, Williams R. T. See: Philip, Rosalind Birnie

Watson, Margaret, Miss See: Parker, Margaret Watson

Whistler, Anna See: Stanton, Anna Whistler

Whiting, Almon C. See: Toledo Museum of Art

Williams College See: Rice, Richard A

Wright, F. G. See: Orbach and Company

Yatsuhashi, H. See: Yamanaka and Company
Index to cross-referenced correspondence in the series Whistler correspondence

Bell, William See: Unidentified correspondents

Brown, Ernest See: Painter Etchers' Society, Committee

Cowen, John T. See subseries: Charles Lang Freer Correspondence

Ford, Sheridan See: Reid, Alexander

Haden, Francis Seymour See: Painter Etchers' Society, Committee

Haden, Francis Seymour, Lady See: Haden, Deborah Whistler

Leighton, Frederick, Baron See: Campbell, Lady Colin

Moore, Albert See: Reid, Alexander

Morley, Charles See: Pall Mall Gazette

Morris, Harrison S. See: Reid, Alexander

Pennell, Joseph See: Miscellaneous typescripts

Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts See: Reid, Alexander

Prange, F. G. See: Reid, Alexander

Societe des Beaux-Arts See: Reid, Alexander

Society of Portrait Painters See: Reid, Alexander

Stevens Fine Art See: Reid, Alexander

Studd, Arthur See: Miscellaneous typescripts

[Vanderbilt?], George, Mrs. See: George, Mrs.

Whistler, William McNeill, Mrs. See: Whistler, Nellie

Whistler Memorial Committee See: Miscellaneous typescripts
Related Material:
The Archives of American Art microfilmed portions of the Freer papers in 1992. The microfilm is available at the Archives of American Art's Washington D.C. office, the Freer Gallery of Art Library, and through interlibrary loan.
Provenance:
Gift of the estate of Charles Lang Freer.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
Art, American -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Art, Asian -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Architecture -- Asia  Search this
Genre/Form:
Diaries
Financial records
Correspondence
Photographs
Citation:
Charles Lang Freer Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Gift of the estate of Charles Lang Freer.
Identifier:
FSA.A.01
See more items in:
Charles Lang Freer Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-fsa-a-01
Online Media:

Charles M. Kurtz papers

Creator:
Kurtz, Charles M. (Charles McMeen), 1855-1909  Search this
Names:
Albright Art Gallery (Buffalo, N.Y.)  Search this
American Art Association  Search this
Buffalo Fine Arts Academy  Search this
Exposition universelle internationale de 1900 (Paris, France)  Search this
Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904: Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
National Academy of Design (U.S.)  Search this
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts  Search this
Saint Louis Exposition and Music Hall Association (1883-1902 : Saint Louis, Mo.)  Search this
Southern Exposition (1885 : Louisville, Ky.)  Search this
World's Columbian Exposition (1893 : Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
Starkweather family  Search this
Abbey, Edwin Austin, 1852-1911  Search this
Avery, Samuel Putnam, 1822-1904  Search this
Cesnola, Luigi Palma di, 1832-1904  Search this
Clarke, Thomas B. (Thomas Benedict), 1848-1931  Search this
Hallowell, Sara  Search this
Hambidge, Jay, 1867-1924  Search this
Hasbrouck, Du Bois Fenelon, b.1860  Search this
Irwin, Benoni, 1840-1896  Search this
Ives, Halsey Cooley, 1847-1911  Search this
Kurtz, Davis Brook Kurtz, 1826-1906  Search this
Kurtz, Julia Stephenson  Search this
Reid, Alexander  Search this
Rhodes, Charles Ward, d. 1905  Search this
Richardson, Mary Curtis, 1848-1931  Search this
Sedelmeyer, Charles  Search this
Thum, Patty P., 1853-1926  Search this
Wanamaker, John, 1838-1922  Search this
Wickenden, Robert J.  Search this
Photographer:
Pluschow, Guglielmo  Search this
Extent:
27.74 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Menus
Photographs
Lithographs
Etchings
Address books
Engravings
Visiting cards
Diaries
Photogravures
Tempera paintings
Oil paintings
Sketches
Date:
1843-1990
bulk 1884-1909
Summary:
The papers of arts administrator, museum director, collector, dealer, and editor Charles M. Kurtz (1855-1909), measure 27.74 linear feet and date from 1843-1990 (bulk dates 1884-1909). The bulk of the collection consists of detailed chronological correspondence between Kurtz and his wife and family, friends, colleagues, and business associates that documents many notable exhibitions, galleries, museums, private collections, as well as cities, people, and events of the period. Also found in the collection are Kurtz's diaries, scrapbooks, printed materials, and photographs.
Scope and Content Note:
The Charles M. Kurtz papers measure 27.74 linear feet and date from 1843 to 1990 with the bulk of the material dating from 1884 to 1909. The bulk of the collection consists of chronological correspondence between Kurtz and his family, most notably his wife, friends, colleagues, and business associates. Kurtz's letters are amazingly detailed and document many notable exhibitions, galleries, museums, private collections, as well as cities, people, and events of the period. The letters between Kurtz and his wife are most interesting for their descriptive commentary on late 19th century life and offer a complete picture of Kurtz's activities. Many of Kurtz's letters to Halsey C. Ives can be found in the Halsey C. Ives Papers. Some of the letters in the collection are illustrated. Also found in the collection are Kurtz's diaries, scrapbooks, printed materials, and photographs.
Arrangement:
The collection is organized into twelve series.

Series 1: Biographical Information, 1885-1931, undated

Series 2: Correspondence, 1843-1940, undated

Series 3: Circulars/Requests for Submissions of Works of Art, 1886-1905

Series 4: Legal Records, 1881-1928

Series 5: Financial Records, 1870-1989, undated

Series 6: Diaries, 1894-1901

Series 7: Notes and Writings, 1872-1980, undated

Series 8: Scrapbooks, 1878-1909

Series 9: Printed Material, 1873-1990, undated

Series 10: Photographs, 1898-1990

Series 11: Photographs of Works of Art, undated

Series 12: Miscellany, undated
Biographical Note:
Charles M. Kurtz's name is known to many scholars and students of American art history. To some he is important for his critical writings, others are interested in his management of exhibitions for the Art Union and the American Art Association. Many are aware of him because of his publication of National Academy Notes, which continued for nine years. Still others are familiar with Kurtz in his role as an art administrator for late 19th century art exhibitions like those at the 1893 Columbian Exposition in Chicago and the St. Louis Fair, or for his accomplishments as the first director of the Albright Gallery in Buffalo, New York. Sometimes researchers have become familiar with his name through the sale catalogue for his considerable collection, which was sold at auction after his death in 1909. His career, which encompassed the last quarter of the nineteenth century and the first decade of the twentieth century, touched on virtually every aspect of art in America during that period.

Born in 1853 to Davis Brook Kurtz (1826-1906), an attorney, and Julia Wilder, Charles Kurtz enjoyed a genteel upbringing. The Kurtz family originated in Darmstadt, Germany, and migrated to America in the eighteenth century. D.B. Kurtz, a leading member of the Lawrence County bar, was also a vice-president of the National Bank of Lawrence County, Pennsylvania. As a local representative of many important railroad and business interests, he accumulated assets estimated at one million dollars by the time of his death, just three years before that of his son, Charles, the eldest of his five children. Unlike his brothers Louis, who also became an attorney, and Edward, a professor at Columbia University, Charles eschewed a professional career to enter the art world, as did his sisters Emily, an artist, and Catherine, a musician.

After his graduation from Washington and Jefferson College in Washington, Pennsylvania, Kurtz visited the Centennial Exposition, held in 1876 in Philadelphia, before coming to New York to study art at the National Academy of Design. These two activities foreshadowed the direction that his career would eventually take. As the chronology indicates, his early efforts revolve around writing for a variety of publications, most notably, his own National Academy Notes. In 1881 he took what was to be the first of many trips abroad to survey the art scene in Europe. Later in his career, his fascination with foreign art and his own entrepeneurial interests led him to become an outspoken opponent of tariffs on imported art.

Kurtz's personal life changed significantly in 1884 when he met Julia Stephenson, a physician's daughter and fledging art student from Harrodsburg, Kentucky. Throughout their courtship and after their marriage the couple was frequently separated. Consequently, they wrote lengthy letters which document not only their personal relationship but also Kurtz's aspirations and activities in the art world.

With his appointment as one of Halsey C. Ives's (1847-1911) chief assistants of the Fine Arts Department of the World's Columbian Exposition in 1891, Charles Kurtz's career achieved international stature. Among the most notable European artists he introduced into this country through circulating exhibitions were the Glasgow School, the Danish School, the Hungarian artist, Mihaly Munkacsy, and the subject of his final exhibition, the Spanish artist, Sorolla.

Throughout his life, Kurtz was plagued by health problems and, in 1899, illness forced him to resign as Assistant Director of Fine Arts for the United States for the Paris Exposition of 1900. Throughout the following decade, his work was increasingly interrupted by ill health. His death in 1909 at the age of 54, while sudden, was not entirely unexpected. However it most certainly cut short a cosmopolitan career that encompassed virtually every aspect of the art world and the pertinent issues of the day.

Kurtz is remembered for his editorial work with the National Academy of Design; as Art Director for the Southern Exposition, 1883-1886, and the St. Louis Exposition, 1894-1899 (where he introduced the Glasgow School of Painting); and as Assistant Chief/Director for the World's Columbian Exposition, the 1900 Paris Exposition, and the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition. He was also director of the Buffalo Fine Arts Academy.

1855 -- Charles McMeen Kurtz born

1876 -- receives B.S. degree from Washington and Jefferson College, Washington, Pennsylvania

1876-78 -- studies at the National Academy of Design, N.Y. with Lemuel Wilmarth and William Morgan; writes a column, "New York Letters," for The Courant published in New Castle, Pennsylvania

1878 -- edits a small daily paper published during a "National Camp Meeting for the promotion of Holiness" held that summer in New Castle, Pa.; its critical stance resulted in his public denouncement and earned him a reputation as a journalist in western Pennsylvania; receives M.A. from Washington and Jefferson College

1878-79 -- becomes the local editor of The Guardian of New Castle

1879 -- publishes The Daily Reporter, a financial success

1881 -- publishes the first issue of National Academy Notes; travels in Europe, spending time in England, Holland, Belgium, Germany, Switzerland, Italy and France (Paris)

1881-82 -- prepares Illustrated Notes for Metropolitan Museum of Art exhibition

1882 -- writes "Art Notes" in The New York Tribune and resigns Dec. 23rd

1882-83 -- accepts position to write for Music and Drama, a new daily paper

1883 -- becomes the general manager of the American Art Union; exhibits a large collection of Art Union paintings in Buffalo, N.Y. and Louisville, Ky., where they became part of the Southern Exposition's first great art display

1883-86 -- accepts offer to become Director of the Art Department, Southern Exposition, Louisville, Kentucky

1884 -- edits Art Union magazine until December; applies for position to head the Art Department of the New Orleans World's Fair in September

1884-86 -- accepts a position offered by the American Art Association; terminates uncongenial relationship in March, 1886

1885 -- writes catalogues for the sale of the George Seney Collection and for the Watts exhibition at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; October 1, marries Julia Stephenson (1861-1931), daughter of Dr. A. T. Stephenson of Harrodsburg, Kentucky; they had two daughters who survived them: Julia Wilder Kurtz (1889-1977), and Isabella Starkweather Kurtz (1901-1991); another daughter, Elizabeth Stephenson Kurtz (1886-1897), predeceased them

1886 -- terminates employment with the Art Association; daughter, Elizabeth Stephenson Kurtz, born

1886-87 -- manages the circulation of Mihaly Munkacsy's Christ Before Pilot for Charles Sedelmeyer to American venues: New York, Boston, St. Louis, Cincinnati, Kansas City, Minneapolis, Saint Paul, Nashville, Phildelphia, Indianapolis; tour generates $90,000 in ticket receipts

1889-91 -- February 24, appointed art critic ("Art Notes") and book reviewer for New York Daily Star; later literary and art editor of the Sunday Star

1890 -- writes for the Sunday edition The Press, a New York paper

1891 -- writes for The World; art editor for The New York Recorder; contributes to the New York Truth

1891-93 -- contributes to Chicago Evening Post ; writes artist biographies for The Chicago Graphic, a regional magazine; appointed Assistant Chief of the Department of Fine Arts of the World's Columbian Exposition

1894 -- contributes column, "Art at the Exposition" to St. Louis Life

1895 -- tours Denmark, Scotland, and France during the summer on behalf of the St. Louis Exposition

1894-99 -- appointed Director of the Art Department of the St. Louis Annual Exposition

1896 -- elected member of The Japan Society, London

1897 -- daughter, Elizabeth (Daisy), dies

1898 -- receives a diploma and medal "in recognition of valuable services in connection with the Fine Arts Exhibit" from the directors of the Trans-Mississippi International Exposition, Omaha

1899 -- appointed Assistant Director of Fine Arts for the United States Commission to the Paris Exposition of 1900; resigned in July due to ill health

1901-04 -- appointed Assistant Chief of the Department of Art of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, August

1901 -- daughter, Isabella Starkweather Kurtz, born

1902 -- receives honorary Ph.D from Washington and Jefferson College "in recognition of distinguished ability and services as an art critic and writer"

1905 -- receives the cross of the Order of Merit from Prince Ferdinand of Bulgaria; appointed Director, Buffalo Fine Arts Academy and Albright Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York, in January; exhibits Glasgow paintings at Albright Art Gallery from November until the following April

1906 -- writes Academy Notes, a bulletin pubished by the Buffalo Fine Arts Academy and the Albright Art Gallery; father, D.B. Kurtz, dies in Newcastle, Pennsylvania

1907 -- accused of importing German pictures free of duty for exhibition purposes and then selling some for profit

1908 -- Honorary Doctor of Philosophy degree conferred by Washington and Jefferson College

1909 -- Charles M. Kurtz dies in Buffalo, New York on March 21

1910 -- Sale of the private collection of Charles M. Kurtz at auction, Fifth Avenue Art Galleries, February 24-25

1931 -- Widow, Julia Stephenson Kurtz dies October 30

1977 -- Daughter, Julia Wilder Kurtz, dies

1991 -- Daughter, Isabel Starkweather Kurtz, dies in Buffalo, N.Y.; remaining Charles M. Kurtz Papers bequeathed to the Archives of American Art and the National Academy of Design, New York
Related Material:
The St. Louis Exposition/Halsey C. Ives papers in the Archives of American Art contain material relating to Charles M. Kurtz.

Additional Charles Kurtz papers, 1870-1910, including 340 letters which discuss exhibitions, sales of art, patronage, atelier visits, and submissions to publications, and letters to his parents in which he discsses the art market and art world new; as well as manuscripts, notebooks, a diary, and printed ephemera relating to exhibitions and publications, are available at the Getty Research Institute, Research Library, Los Angeles, California.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds material lent for microfilming (reel 4912) including Charles Kurtz's Glasgow painting diary. The loaned diary was returned to the lender and can now be found at the Yale Center for British Art in New Haven, Connecticut. This material is not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
For many years, the Kurtz Papers were thought to have been destroyed in a fire. Isabel Kurtz, a school teacher who lived with her older sister in Buffalo, New York, was vague when initially approached about her father's papers by Archives Regional Director, Robert Brown in the mid-1980s. However upon her death in 1991, her will revealed that the papers were indeed in her house in Buffalo and the bulk of them were bequeathed to the Archives of American Art. Paintings and a diary relating to the Glasgow School were given to the Yale Center for British Art. That diary has subsequently been duplicated on microfilm and is now also available in the Archives. Scorch marks on some of the papers and also on the paintings given to Yale suggest that there was indeed a fire. The material that was not bequeathed to the Archives included duplicates of printed documents along with books from the Kurtz library and a coin collection, all of which were dispersed in an estate auction that was held in Buffalo in 1991.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Patrons must use microfilm copy.
Rights:
Glasgow painting diary, Microfilm reel 4912: Authorization to publish, quote, or reproduce requires written permission from Yale Center for British Art. Contact Reference Services for more information.
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Editors -- United States  Search this
Art critics -- United States  Search this
Arts administrators -- United States  Search this
Topic:
Works of art  Search this
Glasgow school of painting  Search this
Exhibitions -- United States  Search this
Art, Scottish  Search this
Art -- Private collections  Search this
Art criticism  Search this
Art museums -- Buffalo (N.Y.)  Search this
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Museum directors -- New York (State) -- Buffalo  Search this
Genre/Form:
Menus
Photographs
Lithographs
Etchings
Address books
Engravings
Visiting cards
Diaries
Photogravures
Tempera paintings
Oil paintings
Sketches
Citation:
Charles M. Kurtz papers, 1843-1990 (bulk 1884-1909). Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.kurtchar
See more items in:
Charles M. Kurtz papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-kurtchar
Online Media:

Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Kurtz, Charles M. (Charles McMeen), 1855-1909  Search this
Container:
Reel 4807, Frame 320-359
Box 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
May 24-30, 1886
Scope and Contents note:
(L. S. Silva, Wm. Semple, Kurtz family, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts-Geo. Corliss, G. W. Conant, D. B. Kurtz)
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Patrons must use microfilm copy.
Collection Rights:
Glasgow painting diary, Microfilm reel 4912: Authorization to publish, quote, or reproduce requires written permission from Yale Center for British Art. Contact Reference Services for more information.
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Charles M. Kurtz papers, 1843-1990 (bulk 1884-1909). Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Charles M. Kurtz papers
Charles M. Kurtz papers / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-kurtchar-ref255

Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Kurtz, Charles M. (Charles McMeen), 1855-1909  Search this
Container:
Reel 4813, Frame 798-822
Box 9
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
March 11-20, 1894
Scope and Contents note:
(Julia S. Kurtz, Holmes Smith, Harrison A. Morris-Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Charles M. Kurtz, A. Guinchard & F. Fourniret)
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Patrons must use microfilm copy.
Collection Rights:
Glasgow painting diary, Microfilm reel 4912: Authorization to publish, quote, or reproduce requires written permission from Yale Center for British Art. Contact Reference Services for more information.
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Charles M. Kurtz papers, 1843-1990 (bulk 1884-1909). Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Charles M. Kurtz papers
Charles M. Kurtz papers / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-kurtchar-ref834

Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Kurtz, Charles M. (Charles McMeen), 1855-1909  Search this
Container:
Reel 4814, Frame 717-749
Box 10
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
August 1-10, 1895
Scope and Contents note:
(Arthur Hoeber, Alexander Reid, R. Macaulay Stevenson, Charles M. Kurtz, James Grant, J.D. Pierce-Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, J.H. Gest-Assistant Director, Cincinnati Museum Association, Starkweather family, Harrison S. Morris, J. M. Bowles- Modern Art, D.B. Kurtz, Stephenson family)
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Patrons must use microfilm copy.
Collection Rights:
Glasgow painting diary, Microfilm reel 4912: Authorization to publish, quote, or reproduce requires written permission from Yale Center for British Art. Contact Reference Services for more information.
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Charles M. Kurtz papers, 1843-1990 (bulk 1884-1909). Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Charles M. Kurtz papers
Charles M. Kurtz papers / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-kurtchar-ref944

Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts

Collection Creator:
Parrish, David, 1939-  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 38
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1979-1981
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of video recording requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
David Parrish papers, 1940-2009, bulk 1964-1998. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
David Parrish papers
David Parrish papers / Series 2: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-parrdavi-ref63

Photographs

Collection Creator:
Shinn, Everett, 1876-1953  Search this
Extent:
1.3 Linear feet (Box 2-4, OV 7)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1877-1950
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs are of Shinn as a boy, in various Philadelphia newspaper offices, in costume for stage performances, at the easel, and with colleagues, including Robert Henri, John Sloan. Photographs of colleagues also include author Poultney Bigelow, decorator Elsie De Wolfe, portrait painter James Ben Ali Haggin, actress Julia Marlowe, and Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts classmates William Glackens and Florence Scovel. There are also photographs of Shinn's residences, exhibition installations, set designs and stagings of plays, murals, and other art work.
Arrangement:
Photographs are arranged chronologically by image content.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Everett Shinn collection, 1877-1958. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.shinever, Series 8
See more items in:
Everett Shinn collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-shinever-ref184

Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts

Collection Creator:
Simon, Sidney, 1917-1997  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 19-20
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1995-1997
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original material requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Sidney Simon papers, circa 1917-2002, bulk 1940-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Sidney Simon papers
Sidney Simon papers / Series 4: Subject Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-simosidn-ref169

Sketches

Collection Creator:
Simon, Sidney, 1917-1997  Search this
Extent:
1 Folder (Box 4)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1937-1942
Scope and Contents note:
This series consists of sketches of figure studies and busts. Included is a preliminary study of Simon's Three Graces, which won the Posner Prize for Painting and two studies done for the Prix de Rome Collaborative Prize at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. Among the sketches are photographs of Simon's murals, drawings, and paintings depicting scenes of army life.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original material requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Sidney Simon papers, circa 1917-2002, bulk 1940-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.simosidn, Series 5
See more items in:
Sidney Simon papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-simosidn-ref203

Printed Material

Collection Creator:
Simon, Sidney, 1917-1997  Search this
Extent:
0.3 Linear feet (Box 5)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1942-1998
circa 1933
Scope and Contents note:
Printed material includes invitations, announcements, newsletters, and programs. News and magazine clippings include exhibition notices, articles about Simon, and reviews of the artist's architectural projects. A clipping of the U.S. Army's landing on Wadke Island in the Philippines features a photograph of the invasion taken by Sidney Simon. Catalogs document Simon's participation in annual exhibitions held at the National Academy of Design, the National Sculpture Society, and the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. Miscellaneous printed material primarily consists of newsletters.
Arrangement note:
This series is arranged by record type.
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original material requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Sidney Simon papers, circa 1917-2002, bulk 1940-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.simosidn, Series 7
See more items in:
Sidney Simon papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-simosidn-ref230

Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Simon, Sidney, 1917-1997  Search this
Extent:
1.2 Linear feet (Boxes 1-2)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1936-2002
Scope and Contents note:
Correspondence consists of letters, telegrams, faxes, postcards, and greeting cards. Included are letters of a personal nature between Simon and his artist friends and colleagues; correspondents discuss family matters, daily activities, and work projects. There are copies of Simon's outgoing letters and drafts of writings. Included are single letters from Fritz Bultman (1 postcard), Jacqueline Helion, Penelope Jencks, William King, Burgess Meredith, and Judith Shahn.

General correspondence, for the most part is with galleries, museums, public and religious institutions relating to scheduling of exhibitions, commissioned projects, and sales of artwork. Other letters document Simon's active involvement in a number of professional organizations, such as the Architectural League of New York, Century Association, the National Academy of Design, the New York Chapter of Artists Equity Association, and the Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture. Found are records of Simon's teaching positions at Amherst College, the Hopkins Center, Dartmouth College, and the New School. Among the correspondents are Castle Hill, Truro Center for the Arts, Colby College, André Emmerich, Eric Makler Gallery, Xavier Gonzalez, Graham Gallery, Ruth Millerick, Museum of Modern Art, Anne Poor, and the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. There are single letters from Sigmund Abeles, Benny Andrews, Varujan Boghosian, Helen Frankenthaler (1 postcard), Bernard Gotfryd, Walker Hancock, Milton Hebald, William King, Burgess Meredith, Paul Resika, Hughie Lee-Smith, among others. Found are illustrated letters by Simon and others, including a handmade Christmas card from William Zorach.
Arrangement note:
Correspondence, for the most part, is arranged in alphabetical order and filed chronologically thereafter. Correspondence is arranged as two subseries.

2.1. Personal Correspondence, 1936-1943, 1966-1997

2.2. General Correspondence, 1941, 1950-2002
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original material requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Sidney Simon papers, circa 1917-2002, bulk 1940-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.simosidn, Series 2
See more items in:
Sidney Simon papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-simosidn-ref85

Correspondence

Collection Creator:
Soyer, Raphael, 1899-1987  Search this
Extent:
(Box 1-2; 1.0 linear foot)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1940-1988
Scope and Contents note:
Raphael Soyer's correspondence spans over forty years, with the bulk of it dating between 1960 and his death in 1987. Letters are arranged chronologically and the majority are incoming to Soyer, but there are also scattered drafts of outgoing letters. Soyer was friends with many artists and cultural figures, and his personal correspondence includes letters to and from artists such as Lambro Ahlas, Benny Andrews, Rudolf Baranik, Leonard Baskin, George Biddle, Peter Blume, Aaron Bohrod, John Bratby, Alex Brook, David Burliuk, Marc Chagall, Peter De Francia, Otto Dix, Guy Du Bois, Philip Evergood, Josef Herman, Joseph Hirsch, Edward Hopper, Jacob Kainen, R. B. Kitaj, Leon Kroll, Joe Lasker, Jack Levine, Jacques Lipchitz, Henry Varnum Poor, Fairfield Porter, Max Weber, and numerous others. Soyer also corresponded with many writers such as Erskine Caldwell, Allen Ginsberg, Marianne Moore, and Isaac Bashevis Singer.

Also found here is correspondence with the Forum Gallery which represented him and dealer Bella Fishko. There is also correspondence with numerous galleries, museums, and schools which exhibited his work or requested his work for potential exhibitions. Additionally, there is correspondence with students and publishers, mostly requests for him to lecture or write articles, and business correspondence on the sale, donation, or commission of his work. Soyer corresponded with many art historians and critics, curators, gallery owners, and collectors, such as Andrei Chegodaev, Lloyd Goodrich, Joseph Hirshhorn, Abram Lerner, and Carl Zigrosser, as well as arts and social organizations. The collection includes very little family correspondence. Some of the letters are in Russian.

See Appendix for a list of correspondents in Series 2.
Arrangement note:
This series has been scanned in its entirety.
Appendix: Correspondents in Series 2:
A. S. Barnes & Company, Inc.: 1965, 1976

Abeles, Sigmund: 1981, 1987

Abram, Carl Fisher: 1986

ACA Galleries: 1981, 1985

Ackerberg, Sanders: 1974

Ahlas, Lambro: 1964, 1965, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1976, 1978-1980, 1985, 1986, undated

Alderson, Cella: undated

Alexander, Sidney: 1962, 1978, undated

Algase, Benjamin: 1981

Allen, Mary: 1980

Allentuck, Dan: 1986

Allinson, Jane: 1985

American Academy and Institute of Arts and letters: 1981, 1987

American Art Journal -- : 1970

American Contemporary Art Gallery: 1968

Amsden, Floyd T.: 1978

Andrews, Benny: 1965, 1972, 1974

Arikha, Avigdor: 1985-1987, undated

Art Dealers Association of America, Inc.: 1984

Art Harris Gallery: 1972, 1974

Art New -- s: 1953, 1963

Art Students League of New York: 1968

Artists for Core: 1966

Ashkenazy, Arnold: 1984, 1986

Associated American Artists: 1961, 1965, 1968

Atelier Royce: 1977

Bakshi, Ralph: 1978

Baranik, Rudolf: 1961, 1962, 1964, 1973, 1974, undated

Baskin, Leonard: 1963, 1964, undated

Bearden, Romare: undated

Bender, William H., Jr.: 1967

Berman, Saul: 1970, undated

Bernstein, Bo: 1973

Bezalel National Museum: 1963

Biddle, George: 1957, 1962, 1966, 1967, 1971

Biegle, Peter: undated

Bloch, Maurice: 1981

Bloch, Robert: 1984, 1985, undated

Blume, Peter: 1967, 1969

Bohrod, Aaron: 1954, 1960, 1977, 1979

Boston Public Library: 1963

Boston University: 1961, 1965

Bouche, Louis: 1960

Bowdoin College Museum of Art: 1964, 1968

Boyle, Kay: 1983

Bratby, John: 1962, 1965-1968, 1970, 1973, 1974, 1981, 1982, 1984, 1986, 1987, undated

Braun, Walter: 1977

Brook, Alex: 1969, 1977

Brooklyn Association for Mental Health, Inc.: 1969

Brooklyn Community Counseling Center: 1964

Brooklyn Museum: 1966, 1986

Brooks, Van Wyck: 1962, undated

Brown, Margaret Root: 1962

Browne, Renni: undated

Bulla, Clyde Robert: 1978

Burliuk, David Marussia: 1959-1961, 1963, 1966

Burliuk, Nicholas: 1967, 1982, 1983, undated

Burston Graphic Centre, Jerusalem: 1975

Butler Institute of American Art: 1963, 1984, 1987

Butler, Joseph G.: 1963

Caldwell, Virginia: 1978, 1979, 1982, 1983, 1985, 1986, undated

Carvalho, Milton A.: 1968, 1969

Castellon, Hieda: 1977

Centre Culturel Americain: 1979

Chagall, Marc: 1955, 1957

Chapnick, Paul: 1980

Charnow, Miriam: 1964

Chegodaev, A.: 1965, 1966, 1969, 1973, 1974, 1976, 1977, 1979, undated

Chernow, Burt: 1966

Chicago Tribune -- : 1953

Chute, Marchette: 1961, 1966, 1969, 1981

Ciardi, John: 1966, 1969

Cogen, Charlie: 1975

Cohen, Arthur: 1975-1977, 1979, 1980

Coleman, Edward: 1975

Connellan, Carl: 1972

Constructionist -- : 1966

Copper, Dennis: 1976

Corbin, Douglas: 1981

Corcoran Gallery of Art: 1943, 1951

Cornell University: 1962, 1965

Dale, Marion: 1972

De Francia, Peter: 1961, 1968, 1976, 1981, 1984, 1986

De Groot, P.: 1965

Delbanco, Kurt: 1981

Deldeo, Salvatore: 1979

Detroit Institute of Arts: 1963

Diamond, David: 1977

Dickinson, Edwin: undated

Dickinson, Sidney: 1959

Dix, Otto: 1963

Dmitrievitch, Andrei: 1976, undated

Dobkin, John: 1983, undated

Du Bois, Guy: 1951, 1953, 1955

Eaton, Charles Edwar: 1978, 1979

Edel, Leon: 1969

Edgeworth, Richard C.: 1984, 1986

Evergood, Philip: 1941, 1954, 1967, undated

Everson Museum of Art: 1976, 1977

Feinberg, Charles E.: 1947

Feinberg, Paul: 1986

Fiala, Vaclav: 1975, 1978

Fisher, Jacob: 1979

Flaig, Bea: 1981

Floch, Joseph: 1962, undated

Fogg Art Museum: 1974, 1975

Ford Foundation: 1962

Forum Gallery (Bella Fishko): 1961-1963, 1966-1968, 1970, 1973-1975, 1977, 1980, 1982, 1985, 1986, undated

Frankenstein, Alfred V.: 1971

Franklin, Elaine: 1974

Freifeld, Eric: 1968, 1972, 1978

Friends of Art: 1985

Fuks, Leo: 1975

Furth, Dora: 1973, 1975-1977

Garrett, Adams: 1982, 1986

George Mason University: 1980

Georgia Museum of Art: 1968, 1983

Gibbs, Charles: 1972

Gillette, Henry: 1981

Ginsberg, Allen: 1968

Gladstein, Sheldon: 1987

Glaser, Mary Todd: 1965

Goldsmith, Morton G.: 1964

Gonzales, Xavier: 1982

Goodrich, Lloyd: 1963, 1967, 1971, 1981, undated

Goshans, Werner: 1977, 1981, 1982

Grant, Quentin: 1979

Grausman, Philip: 1965, undated

Gray, Don: 1984

Grossman, Emery: 1964

Grosz, George: 1956, 1957

Guggenheim Museum: 1980

Guttuso, Renato: 1962, 1963, undated

Gwathney, Bob: undated

Halegua, Lillian: 1967, 1977

Halper, Albert: 1972

Harmon, Lily: 1981

Harris, Victor: 1977

Harriton, Abe: 1981

Harry N. Abrams, Inc.: 1964, 1969, 1971

Harvard University: 1962

Hautzig, Debbi: 1978

Hebrew Union College: 1983

Hecht, Fels: 1984, 1987

Heckscher Museum: 1977, 1987

Herman, Josef: 1967, 1976, 1983, undated

Hills, Patricia: 1981, 1982, 1985

Hirsch, Joseph: 1960, 1964, 1966, 1977, 1979, 1981

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden: 1975, 1979-1983

Hirshhorn, Joseph: 1965, 1968, 1969

Hoag, Paul Sterling: 1954

Hoffman, Gladys: 1961

Hollfelder, Jack: 1983

Homar, Lorenzo: 1979, 1980

Hopper, Edward: 1960-1963, undated

Horn, Lex: 1964

Horowitz, Brenda: 1984

Hosbach, Marguerette: 1973

Hutchins, Robert: 1984, undated

Jackson, Harry: 1966

Jackson, Valentina: 1979

Jewish Museum: 1974, 1981, 1982

Johns, Judith: 1982

Jones, Kathryn: 1986

Jones, Wilma: 1960

Josephson, Matthew: 1969, 1970

Kainen, Jacob: 1968, 1969

Kalet, Maureen: 1982

Kalischer, Nathan: 1979

Kane, Doris: 1975

Kaplan, Kathy Walden: 1983

Karlstrom, Paul: 1972

Kearney, John: 1984, undated

Kennedy Galleries, Inc.: 1980

King, Barry: 1985

King, Raymond: 1986

Kitaj, R. B and Sandra: 1979-1985, 1987, undated

Klemeri, Diana: 1982

Knaths, Karl: 1953

Kroll, Leon: 1945, 1961, 1964

Kuniyoshi, Yasuo: undated

Kunstverein in Hamburg: 1980

Landau, Ellen G.: 1982

Lasansky, Leonardo: 1986

Lasker, Joe: 1955, 1962, 1968, 1970, 1985, undated

Leiser, Erwin: 1980

Lerner, Abram (Al): 1958, 1985

LeRoy, Marvyn: 1968

Lesser, Gerson: 1979

Levin, Eli: 1977

Levin, Gail: 1985

Levine, David: 1963, 1971

Levine, Jack: 1963, 1986

Levine, Sheldon: 1987

Levy, Alan; 1982, 1983, 1985

Lipchitz, Jacques: 1962, undated

Loeb, Albert: 1980

Long, Rose: 1986

Loyola Marymount University: 1985, 1986

Ludgin, Earle: 1966

Lyons, Leonard: 1963

Maass, John: 1986

Maryland Institute, College of Art: 1975

Mayer, Bena Frank: 1967

Mayer, Bernadette: 1981

Mazo, Joe: 1984

McBain, Gertrude: 1986, undated

McDaniel, Aletha: 1982

Metropolitan Museum of Art: 1978-1980, 1982-1984, 1986

Meyers, Bill: 1962, undated

Miami Herald -- : 1972

Milwaukee Art Museum: 1983

Minnigerode, C. Powell: 1940

Mishkan Le'Omanut, Museum of Art: 1964

Mondale, Joan: 1977

Moore, Marianne: 1960, 1968

Morgan, Bill: 1984

Morlan, Nina: 1983

Mourlot, Liliane: 1967

Mumford, Lewis: 1965

Museum of Modern Art: 1953, 1961, 1962, 1966

Museum Tel Aviv: 1962, 1972, 1973

Myers, Neil: 1973

Nathan, Helmuth: 1967

National Academy of Design: 1970, 1977, 1981, 1984

National Arts Club: 1978

National Council of American-Soviet Friendship, Inc.: 1968

Neel, Alice & Neel Family: 1969, 1985

Neugass, Ludwig: 1965

New Republic Book Company, Inc.: 1976, 1977

New School for Social Research: 1980

New York Times -- : 1959, 1972, undated

Newark Public Library: 1981

Newman, John: 1984

Nichols, Norma: 1982

Nordness, Leo: 1961

Otis, Elizabeth R.: 1963

Palevsky, Jaon: 1980

Papazian, Gilbert: 1977, 1978, 1980, 1987

Parrish Art Museum: 1980

Pembroke Gallery: 1983

Penney, Charles: 1981

Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts: 1948

Pennsylvania State University: 1977, 1982, 1983

Perlis, Don: 1979

Perlman, Bennard: 1977

Petrovsky, Mira & Vladimir: 1975, undated

Pink, Marilyn: 1986

Poor, Henry Varnum & Annie: 1957, 1960, 1962, 1966, 1969, 1975, 1985, undated

Porter, Fairfield: 1956, undated

Portland Art Museum: 1985

Provincetown Art Association: 1984

Queens Child Guidance Center, Inc.: 1970

Quirt, Eleanor: 1981, 1985, undated

Randolph-Macon Woman's College: 1985

Random House, Inc.: 1968, 1969, 1976

Rappin, Adrian: 1976

Rewald, John & Alice: 1963, 1966, 1982, undated

Rhode Island School of Design: 1971

Robbins, Warren: 1983, 1984, 1985

Rogers, Leo M.: 1961

Rose, Herman: 1962, undated

Rosenberg, James N.: 1969

Rosenkranz, Rita: 1987

Rosner, Stanley: 1969

Roszak, Theodore: 1977

Roth, Audrey M.: 1978

Rothwell, Jed: 1987

Rozmaryn, Jack: 1974

Russell, Rhoda Winter: 1980

Saint John's University: 1981

Salisbury, Harrison: 1975

Salpeter, Harry: 1964, undated

San Antonio Museum Association: 1980

San Francisco Museum of Modern Art: 1982

Sandler, Marc J.: 1962

Sarnewitz, Lyle Evan: 1984

Schiff, Sidney: 1984

Schlang, Joseph: 1965

Schoen, Jason: 1985, 1986

Schrag, Karl: 1969, undated

Schrag, Raymond: 1986

Seyffert, Richard: 1979

Shannon, Joe: 1981

Shapiro, David: 1979

Shubert, Katherine: 1967

Singer, Isaac B.: 1978, undated

Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture: 1981

Sleigh, Sylvia: 1984

Smith, Mrs. Wallace (Kelcey): 1985

Smith, Vincent D.: 1976, 1981

Smithsonian Institution (National Collection of Fine Arts): 1968, 1973, 1977, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1985-1987

Sonnemann, Nell: 1972, 1977, 1979, 1981, 1985, 1986

Styron, William: 1969

Swanson, Mary T.: 1979

Syracuse University: 1965, 1973

Taliano, A. D.: 1978, 1981, undated

Tapper, Joan: 1977

Thaler, Jesse: 1978

Tinsley, Betty: 1961

Todd, Ellen: 1986

Todorchev, Anne: 1979, 1980

Tolskaya, Leidmila: 1965, 1967

Toney, Anthony: 1955

United American Artists: 1940

United Jewish Appeal of Greater New York: 1970, 1974

University of California, Berkeley: 1966

University of Maryland: 1968

University of Minnesota: 1985, 1986

University of Texas: 1969

Van der Tweel, L. H.: 1975

Van Devanter, Ann C.: 1973

Vereisky, Oriest: undated

Vincent Price Collection: 1964

Walsh, Alexandria: 1977

Warner, Keith: 1944

Warshaw, Howard: 1953

Washburn, Gordon B.: 1967

Weber, Max: 1954, undated

Wertham, Fredric: 1967

West, Michael: 1967

Wheelock, Susan; 1976

Whitney Museum of American Art: 1950, 1966, 1969, 1977, 1979, 1981-1983, 1985

Wichita Art Museum: 1977

Wigglesworth, Anne Parker: 1983

William A. Farnsworth Library and Art Museum, 1981, 1985-1987, undated

Winer, Arthur: 1976

Wolff, Theodore: 1981

Worcester Art Museum (Francis Henry Taylor): 1957

Yeshiva University: 1967, 1974

Zabriskie, Virginia: 1979

Zigrosser, Carl: 1941, 1969
Collection Restrictions:
Use of the original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Raphael Soyer papers, 1933-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.soyeraph, Series 2
See more items in:
Raphael Soyer papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-soyeraph-ref33

Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Award of American Art

Collection Creator:
Stella, Frank  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 5
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1984-1985
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Frank Stella papers, 1941-1993, bulk 1978-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Frank Stella papers
Frank Stella papers / Series 1: Correspondence / 1.1: Awards
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-stelfran-ref19

Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts

Collection Creator:
Terry Dintenfass, Inc.  Search this
Container:
Box 6, Folder 50
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1964-1978
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Washington, D.C. Research Center.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Terry Dintenfass, Inc. records, 1947-1987, bulk 1961-1983. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Terry Dintenfass, Inc. records
Terry Dintenfass, Inc. records / Series 3: Exhibition Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-terrdint-ref361

Traveling Retrospective, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts (Jan.-Apr. 2009)

Collection Creator:
Tooker, George, 1920-2011  Search this
Container:
Box 3, Folder 20
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
2006-2009
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
George Tooker papers, circa 1851-2010. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
George Tooker papers
George Tooker papers / Series 5: Exhibition Records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-tookgeor-ref648

Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts

Collection Creator:
Archives of American Art  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Miscellaneous art exhibition catalog collection, 1813-1953, bulk 1915-1925. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Miscellaneous art exhibition catalog collection
Miscellaneous art exhibition catalog collection / Series 6: Art Exhibition Catalogs: P-R
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-archamea-ref775

Charter, By-Laws, and Standing Regulations

Collection Creator:
Archives of American Art  Search this
Container:
Box 4, Folder 10, Item 1
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1813
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Miscellaneous art exhibition catalog collection, 1813-1953, bulk 1915-1925. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Miscellaneous art exhibition catalog collection
Miscellaneous art exhibition catalog collection / Series 6: Art Exhibition Catalogs: P-R / Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-archamea-ref776

Tenth Annual Exhibition

Collection Creator:
Archives of American Art  Search this
Container:
Box 4, Folder 10, Item 2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
May 1821
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Miscellaneous art exhibition catalog collection, 1813-1953, bulk 1915-1925. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Miscellaneous art exhibition catalog collection
Miscellaneous art exhibition catalog collection / Series 6: Art Exhibition Catalogs: P-R / Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-archamea-ref777

Catalogue of Robert Street's Exhibition

Collection Creator:
Archives of American Art  Search this
Container:
Box 4, Folder 10, Item 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
November 18, 1840
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Miscellaneous art exhibition catalog collection, 1813-1953, bulk 1915-1925. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Miscellaneous art exhibition catalog collection
Miscellaneous art exhibition catalog collection / Series 6: Art Exhibition Catalogs: P-R / Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-archamea-ref778

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