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Cesar Pelli

Artist:
Philip Grausman, born 16 Jul 1935  Search this
Foundry:
Art Research Enterprises, Inc  Search this
Sitter:
Cesar Pelli, 12 Oct 1926 - 19 Jun 2019  Search this
Medium:
Stainless steel
Dimensions:
With Base: 169.2 × 30.5 × 30.5cm (66 5/8 × 12 × 12")
Type:
Sculpture
Place:
United States\Connecticut
Date:
2014
Topic:
Sculpture  Search this
Cesar Pelli: Male  Search this
Cesar Pelli: Visual Arts\Architect  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of the artist
Object number:
NPG.2014.107
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
Copyright:
© Philip Grausman
See more items in:
National Portrait Gallery Collection
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm44ac867d3-5806-485e-885f-b649da0fa0bf
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NPG.2014.107

Cesar Pelli

Artist:
Philip Grausman, born 16 Jul 1935  Search this
Sitter:
Cesar Pelli, 12 Oct 1926 - 19 Jun 2019  Search this
Medium:
Plaster
Dimensions:
31.1 x 22.9 x 26.7cm (12 1/4 x 9 x 10 1/2")
Base: 139.7cm (55") high
Type:
Sculpture
Date:
2011
Topic:
Cesar Pelli: Male  Search this
Cesar Pelli: Visual Arts\Architect  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Philip Grausman
Object number:
EXH.PC.223
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4f008a01b-9d97-4568-a36e-6e25f8257ab4
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_EXH.PC.223

Design for Indiana Tower

Designer:
Cesar Pelli, Argentine-American, b. 1926  Search this
Medium:
Charcoal, graphite on paper
Dimensions:
70.3 x 48.6 cm (27 11/16 x 19 1/8 in.)
Mat: 71 x 55.8 cm (27 15/16 x 21 15/16 in.)
Type:
architecture
Drawing
Object Name:
Drawing
Made in:
USA
Date:
1981
Credit Line:
Museum purchase through bequest of Erskine Hewitt
Accession Number:
1985-63-8
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum Collection
Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design Department
Data Source:
Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kq40bd204be-ea4b-4fb4-bd79-41bd885bb207
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:chndm_1985-63-8

Norma Merrick Sklarek Archival Collection

Creator:
Sklarek, Norma Merrick, 1926-2012  Search this
Names:
American Institute of Architects  Search this
Gruen Associates  Search this
Covington, Garnett K.  Search this
Davis, Carolyn Armenta, 1944-  Search this
Diamond, Katherine  Search this
Donaphin, Alexa Barnes  Search this
Grant, Bradford C.  Search this
Gruen, Victor, 1903-1980  Search this
Harney, Henrietta  Search this
Hermanuz, Ghislaine  Search this
Hinton-Lee, W. Chris  Search this
Hutchinson, Louise Daniel  Search this
LeGendre, Laurette  Search this
Love-Stanley, Ivenue  Search this
Mills, Marlene E.  Search this
Moseley-Olaleye, Joyce  Search this
Pelli, Cesar  Search this
Schwartz, Robert (Robert E.)  Search this
Siegel, Margot  Search this
Sklarek, Rolf  Search this
Sutton, Sharon E., 1941-  Search this
Tyler, Kathryn B.  Search this
Washington, Roberta  Search this
Williams, Paul R., 1894-1980  Search this
deJongh, Donna  Search this
Extent:
4.8 Cubic feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Place:
Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.)
Harlem (New York, N.Y.)
Los Angeles (Calif.)
Date:
1944-2008
Scope and Contents:
The Norma Merrick Sklarek Archival Collection documents the prestigious and groundbreaking career of one of the early women architects who also broke ground for African American architects as well. The collection highlights Sklarek's journey and accomplishments as she paved the way for future women architects and architects of color. The collection is comprised of family records, resumes, business ephemera, photographs, correspondence, publications, clippings, architectural drawings, as well as her many awards and accolades.
Arrangement:
The materials in this collection have been separated into eight series. The materials have been ordered and organized based on the content and chronology. Within each series and subseries, the folders are organized as close to the collection's original order as when it was acquired.
Biographical / Historical:
Norma Merrick Sklarek was a renowned architect and a woman of firsts who broke racial and gender barriers earning her place in the male-dominated world of architecture. She was the first Black woman member and esteemed fellow of the highly respected architectural professional organization, American Institute of Architects (AIA). Norma was distinguished in her career for leading challenging assignments and managing large, complex construction projects.

Norma Merrick was born April 15, 1926 to Dr. Walter Ernest Merrick, and Amelia (Amy) Willoughby in Harlem, New York City, New York. Her parents had emigrated from Trinidad, though her father was born in St. Vincent, West Indies. Norma's parents were a part of the first significant Caribbean immigration waves to the United States in the early 20th century. Arriving just a year before her birth, her parents saw possibility and education there. Her father, Walter attended Howard University and eventually became a physician. While her mother, Amy worked as a seamstress in a factory to make ends meet as Walter "wasn't much of a businessman" as described by Norma in an oral history interview. He practiced medicine in Harlem, New York. Norma stated that her father often served as a physician to African American celebrities such as Hazel Scott, Ethel Waters and Art Tatum. Walter was also a talented musician and carpenter that supported his daughter's love of art and math and encouraged her to pursue a career in architecture.

Around 1940, Norma was enrolled at the prestigious Hunter College High School for the intellectually gifted and "Ivy League-bound" young women. Excelling academically, Norma attended Barnard University, the prestigious women's college formerly administered by Columbia University. She attended Barnard initially in order to gain a year of a liberal arts education so that she could be accepted into then-known Columbia University School of Architecture. In 1947, she met and married, Dumas Flagg Ransom, law student at nearby Wagner University. She subsequently gave birth to her first son, Gregory Merrick Ransom shortly thereafter. She graduated from Columbia in 1950 with a Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch.) degree. She was one of only two women and the only African American in her graduating class.

Despite her Columbia University pedigree, her race and gender made it predictably difficult to obtain employment. Norma easily recalls in an oral history interview later in life that she was turned down by nineteen prospective employers. It was on the twentieth interview with the Department of Public Works (DPW) that she was hired as a junior draftsperson for New York City. She passed her architecture licensing examination in 1954 becoming the first Black woman believed to be licensed to practice architecture in New York. Despite a poor recommendation from her DPW supervisor, she worked briefly at Katz, Waisman, Blumenkranz, Stein and Weber as a junior associate. She felt stifled and unchallenged and left that firm to do some rendering coloring work with notable New York architect, Bob Schwartz. In 1955, she started working at notable architectural firm, Skidmore, Owings, and Merrill (SOM) in New York City where she was given larger-scale projects. At the same time, she taught architecture courses at New York City Community College (presently called the New York City College of Technology) located in Brooklyn, NY. She was the school's first woman faculty member. It was also during her tenure at SOM that Norma joined AIA and inadvertently became the organization's first African American woman member. She was a member of the Council for the Advancement of the Negro in Architecture, a New York-based group. During all this groundbreaking work, Norma was a twice-divorced mother of two sons with the birth of her second son, David Merrick Fairweather from her union with Benjamin Fairweather. Norma depended on the assistance of her family in raising her sons while she worked and advanced her career.

In an effort to advance her career, Norma moved to Los Angeles, California to work with architectural firm, Gruen Associates in 1960. A requisite for an architect in California, Norma became the first Black woman to be a licensed architect in the state. Gruen Associates, founded by visionary Austrian architect Victor Gruen, was notable for their pioneering work with shopping malls and multi-use buildings. At Gruen, in 1965 she earned the director of architecture position where she was responsible for hiring and overseeing multiple staff members as well as serving as project manager on several high-profile projects for the firm.

Her projects included the high-rise multi-use building California Mart (1963), now known as California Market Center; skyscraper Fox Plaza (1966) in San Francisco and some of Norma's most notable work for Gruen, The Pacific Design Center (1975), a multi-use facility utilized by the California's bustling apparel and fashion industry. Norma's contributary design is affectionately known by California's locals as the "Blue Whale." Norma worked on the latter project with Gruen's lead architect at the time, Cesar Pelli, known for some of the world's tallest buildings, most notably World Finance Center (Brookfield Place) in New York City. Pelli also shared his credit with Norma for her exemplary contribution to the renovation and redesign of the San Bernardino City Hall (1972) in California as well as their work on the U.S. Embassy (1976) in Tokyo, Japan. While at Gruen, Norma married Rolf Sklarek, a fellow architect at the firm. She also taught architecture courses at the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) and the University of Southern California (USC). At UCLA, she was the first African American member of the faculty.

In 1980, she was finally recognized for all of her trailblazing and innovative work, when she became the first African American woman elected to the AIA College of Fellows. The highest honor within the architecture profession. This prestigious award gave her assurance that she could take her career to another level. She departed Gruen for Welton Becket & Associates, a prominent California firm renowned for iconic music and cultural centers, including the iconic Capitol Records building in Los Angeles. Norma was appointed as the vice president of the firm and lead project manager on one of her most notable works, Terminal One at the Los Angeles International Airport. She was recognized for the timely completion of the project as preparation for the influx of travelers to Los Angeles the for the 1984 Olympic Games. Norma also suffered the loss of her husband, Rolf Sklarek, the same year.

It was her work from the Los Angeles Airport project that empowered Norma to break yet another barrier. 1985 proved to be significant year as she became first African American woman to found and co-own a woman-owned architectural firm. Norma collaborated with fellow veteran architects Margot Siegal and Katherine Diamond to create Siegel-Sklarek-Diamond (SSD). SSD was one of the largest woman-owned architecture firms at the time. Their largest project was the Tarzana Promenade, a 90,000 sq. ft. medical and retail center, and the remodel and renovation of the Lawndale Civic Center; both located in California. Norma also designed work for the proposed Marva Collins Preparatory School in Compton, CA. The school was named after seminal educator, Marva Collins that had revolutionized education for low-income students in a crime-ridden area in Chicago, Ill. The hope was the replicate Collins' important work for children in Compton.

Being a new firm amidst the prevalence of racism and sexism within the profession left SSD at a disadvantage. Their projects were mainly residential and smaller commercial projects that didn't bring the income and accompanying challenges like larger scaled projects. Sklarek left SSD in 1989 for Jerde Partnership, an established innovator in the design and construction of shopping malls around the world. Norma was hired as the principal on the project management for the design and construction of the Mall of America. Located in Bloomington, Minnesota, it is considered to be the largest shopping mall in United States.

In 1992, Norma retired from the profession but did not resign herself to stop working. Norma became an active advocate in broadening the profession to include more women and people of color. She focused her work on teaching, lecturing, and mentoring. Over the years, she served as faculty and lecturer at several universities including UCLA, USC, University of Iowa, Kansas State University, California Polytechnic as well as her alma mater Columbia University. In an effort to inspire Black architects, Norma regularly lectured at HBCUs including Howard University, Hampton University, Tuskegee University, and Southern University.

Sklarek's work was recorded and recognized by the black press and publishers, such as her being included in Ebony magazine as early as 1958, in their article on "Successful Young Architects." In 2008, the AIA awarded her with the Whitney M. Young, Jr. Award that recognizes architects who represented the profession's responsibility to address social issues. She also served on multiple professional boards and committees, such as the California Architects Board, Professional Qualifications Committee, California State Board of Architectural Examiners, the AIA National Ethics Council and many more.

On February 6, 2012, Sklarek died in the Pacific Palisades, California at the age of 85. She was survived by her husband Cornelius Welch, whom she married in 1985; her son, David Merrick Fairweather, stepdaughter Susan Welch as well as three grandchildren. She was predeceased by her son Gregory Merrick Ransom in 2006.

Historical Timeline

1926 -- Norma Merrick was born to Amy Willoughby and Walter Merrick in Harlem, New York.

1944 -- Graduated from Hunter College High School, New York, NY

1944-1945 -- Attended Barnard College, New York, NY

1945-1950 -- Attended Columbia University in New York City earning a bachelor's degree in architecture (B.Arch.).

1947 -- Married Dumas Flagg Ransom and had son, Gregory Merrick Ransom. They later divorced.

1950 -- Married Elwyn (Benjamin) Fairweather and had son, David Merrick Fairweather. They later divorced.

1950-1955 -- Worked at the Department of Public Works, New York, NY

1954 -- Licensed in the state of New York; believed to be the first black woman architect licensed in New York

1959 -- First African American woman member of the American Institute of Architects (AIA).

1955-1960 -- Worked at Skidmore, Owings, and Merrill in New York, NY

1957-1960 -- Architecture faculty member at New York City Community College, Brooklyn, NY

1960 -- Married Francis "Harry" Pena in New York, NY. Moved to California and began working at Gruen Associates and served as the Director of Architecture until 1980.

1962 -- First African American woman architect licensed in California

1963 -- Sklarek coordinated the design and construction of the California Mart, Los Angeles, CA.

1966 -- Sklarek coordinated the design and construction Fox Plaza in San Francisco, CA.

1967 -- Sklarek divorced Pena and married Rolf Sklarek, a fellow architect at Gruen Associates.

1970 -- Sklarek coordinated the design and construction of the Park Center Commercial Complex in San Jose, CA .

1972-1973 -- Sklarek coordinated the design and construction of the San Bernardino, City Hall in San Bernardino, CA.

1973 -- Sklarek coordinated the design and construction of Commons-Courthouse Center in Columbus, IN.

1973-1978 -- Served as faculty member in the UCLA School of Architecture and Urban Planning

1976 -- Sklarek coordinated the design and construction of the U. S. Embassy in Tokyo, Japan.

1978 -- Sklarek coordinated the design and construction of Pacific Design Center in Los Angeles, CA.

1980 -- First African American woman fellow of the AIA

1980-1985 -- Worked as VP and project manager at Welton Becket & Associates in Santa Monica, CA

1984 -- Sklarek working with Welton Becket Associates coordinated the design and construction of Terminal One at the Los Angeles International Airport, Los Angeles, CA. Rolf Sklarek died in February.

1985 -- Sklarek along with Margot Siegal and Katherine Diamond formed their own firm, Siegel- Sklarek-Diamond. Sklarek married Dr. Cornelius Welch.

1989 -- Left the Siegel-Sklarek-Diamond and joined The Jerde Partnership, in Venice, CA, as the principal project manager.

1989-1992 -- Sklarek coordinated the design and construction of the Mall of America in Minneapolis, MN.

1992 -- Retired from The Jerde Partnership

2003-2007 -- Served as commissioner on the California State Board of Architectural Examiners

2008 -- Awarded American Institute of Architects' Whitney M. Young Jr. Award

2012 -- Norma Merrick Sklarek died in the Pacific Palisades, California at the age of 85.
Provenance:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of David Merrick Fairweather and Yvonne Goff
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access to collection materials requires an appointment.
Rights:
The NMAAHC Archives can provide reproductions of some materials for research and educational use. Copyright and right to publicity restrictions apply and limit reproduction for other purposes.
Topic:
Architecture  Search this
Photographs  Search this
Business  Search this
Design  Search this
Women  Search this
Japan -- Tokyo  Search this
Entrepreneurship  Search this
African diaspora  Search this
Education  Search this
Gender  Search this
Identity  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Citation:
Norma Merrick Sklarek Archival Collection, 1944-2008. National Museum of African American History and Culture, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAAHC.A2018.23
See more items in:
Norma Merrick Sklarek Archival Collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/io3a3fe2658-01c7-4c61-ac80-f808b2a24380
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmaahc-a2018-23
Online Media:

Architecture II, Pelli, Cesar

Collection Creator:
Leo Castelli Gallery  Search this
Container:
Box 43, Folder 23
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1980
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Leo Castelli Gallery records, circa 1880-2000, bulk 1957-1999. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Leo Castelli Gallery records
Leo Castelli Gallery records / Series 3: Exhibition Files / 3.4: Group Shows
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw943a0d1be-d4b8-409d-8b1c-b0db24894de5
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-leocast-ref9918

Pelli, Cesar

Collection Creator:
Leo Castelli Gallery  Search this
Container:
Box 121, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1980
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Leo Castelli Gallery records, circa 1880-2000, bulk 1957-1999. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Leo Castelli Gallery records
Leo Castelli Gallery records / Series 4: Artists Files / 4.2: Photographs
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9ef30503f-7fce-4830-9570-af6c6d39a158
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-leocast-ref12323

Pelli, Cesar

Collection Creator:
McCoy, Esther  Search this
Container:
Box 36, Folder
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of audiovisual recordings without access copies requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Esther McCoy papers, circa 1876-1990, bulk 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Esther McCoy papers
Esther McCoy papers / Series 9: Photographs and Slides / 9.2: Architects
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw92d7d85e4-2919-4c8e-9297-46efb593d19d
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-mccoesth-ref1334

Photographs of Cesar Pelli

Collection Creator:
McCoy, Esther  Search this
Container:
Box 36, Folder 10
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1980s
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of audiovisual recordings without access copies requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Esther McCoy papers, circa 1876-1990, bulk 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Esther McCoy papers
Esther McCoy papers / Series 9: Photographs and Slides / 9.2: Architects / Pelli, Cesar
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9134e9d83-0840-4016-a20d-fabe936a28a4
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-mccoesth-ref1335

San Bernardino City Hall (1972)

Collection Creator:
McCoy, Esther  Search this
Container:
Box 36, Folder 11
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1972
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of audiovisual recordings without access copies requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Esther McCoy papers, circa 1876-1990, bulk 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Esther McCoy papers
Esther McCoy papers / Series 9: Photographs and Slides / 9.2: Architects / Pelli, Cesar
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9bc89376b-2cae-49c0-a8f1-0f836aa24721
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-mccoesth-ref1336

International Jewelry Centre

Collection Creator:
McCoy, Esther  Search this
Extent:
(Photographs by Julius Shulman have not been scanned)
Container:
Box 36, Folder 12
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1965
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of audiovisual recordings without access copies requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Esther McCoy papers, circa 1876-1990, bulk 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Esther McCoy papers
Esther McCoy papers / Series 9: Photographs and Slides / 9.2: Architects / Pelli, Cesar
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw96d989dcf-619c-4ab4-a08b-ec078c9ba3cc
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-mccoesth-ref1337

Various Projects

Collection Creator:
McCoy, Esther  Search this
Container:
Box 36, Folder 13
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1960s-1970s
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of audiovisual recordings without access copies requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Esther McCoy papers, circa 1876-1990, bulk 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Esther McCoy papers
Esther McCoy papers / Series 9: Photographs and Slides / 9.2: Architects / Pelli, Cesar
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9129679e1-9d5f-4183-83dc-c7b7cf268b6c
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-mccoesth-ref1338

Architects: M-P

Collection Creator:
McCoy, Esther  Search this
Container:
Box 45, Folder 2
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1950s-1980s
Scope and Contents note:
Morgan, Julia

Morphosis

Mosher and Drew

Myers, Barton

Nervi, Pier L.

Neutra, Richard

O'Gorman, Juan

Olbrich, Joseph

Palladio, Andrea

Pani, Mario

Pei, I. M.

Pelli, Cesar
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of audiovisual recordings without access copies requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Esther McCoy papers, circa 1876-1990, bulk 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Esther McCoy papers
Esther McCoy papers / Series 9: Photographs and Slides / 9.6: Slides
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9bc5698e0-9763-4113-afad-bcc75e15236a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-mccoesth-ref1513

Architects: P-R

Collection Creator:
McCoy, Esther  Search this
Container:
Box 45, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1950s-1980s
Scope and Contents note:
Pelli, Cesar

Piano and Rogers

Ponti, Gio

Rapson, Ralph

Requa, Richard

Rice, Lillian

Richardson, Henry Hobson
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of audiovisual recordings without access copies requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Esther McCoy papers, circa 1876-1990, bulk 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Esther McCoy papers
Esther McCoy papers / Series 9: Photographs and Slides / 9.6: Slides
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw97637838c-133c-4580-a81a-08a581e70c05
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-mccoesth-ref1515

Pelli, Cesar

Collection Creator:
McCoy, Esther  Search this
Container:
Box 27, Folder
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of audiovisual recordings without access copies requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Esther McCoy papers, circa 1876-1990, bulk 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Esther McCoy papers
Esther McCoy papers / Series 6: Architect Files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw98cb461bc-62c4-4c82-b7cb-a766a09d778e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-mccoesth-ref964

Correspondence

Collection Creator:
McCoy, Esther  Search this
Container:
Box 27, Folder 22-23
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1969-1990
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of audiovisual recordings without access copies requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Esther McCoy papers, circa 1876-1990, bulk 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Esther McCoy papers
Esther McCoy papers / Series 6: Architect Files / Pelli, Cesar
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw982398210-a9f9-4006-8df7-3e561373ca8a
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-mccoesth-ref965
Online Media:

Notes and Writings

Collection Creator:
McCoy, Esther  Search this
Container:
Box 27, Folder 24
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
circa 1970s
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of audiovisual recordings without access copies requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Esther McCoy papers, circa 1876-1990, bulk 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Esther McCoy papers
Esther McCoy papers / Series 6: Architect Files / Pelli, Cesar
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9ef46237a-bf76-4af7-8ee0-bef7328f11ee
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-mccoesth-ref966

Research Material

Collection Creator:
McCoy, Esther  Search this
Container:
Box 27, Folder 25
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1968-1979
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of audiovisual recordings without access copies requires advance notice.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Esther McCoy papers, circa 1876-1990, bulk 1938-1989. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Esther McCoy papers
Esther McCoy papers / Series 6: Architect Files / Pelli, Cesar
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9a3c3ecac-b3f6-41e4-a467-18f244d69b26
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-mccoesth-ref967

Oral history interview with Tom Patti

Interviewee:
Patti, Tom  Search this
Interviewer:
Warmus, William, 1953-  Search this
Creator:
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Names:
Corning Museum of Glass.  Search this
General Electric Company  Search this
George Walter Vincent Smith Museum  Search this
Haystack Mountain School of Crafts -- Students  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Norman Rockwell Museum at Stockbridge  Search this
Owens-Corning Fiberglas Corporation  Search this
Penland School of Crafts -- Students  Search this
Pratt Institute -- Students  Search this
Sienna Gallery  Search this
Arnheim, Rudolf  Search this
Borowsky, Irvin J.  Search this
Buechner, Thomas S.  Search this
Fuller, R. Buckminster (Richard Buckminster), 1895-1983  Search this
Gund, Ann  Search this
Gund, Graham  Search this
Heller, Doug, 1946-  Search this
Hunter-Stiebel, Penelope, 1946-  Search this
Kostellow, Rowena Reed  Search this
Moholy-Nagy, Sibyl, 1905-  Search this
Parriott, Joseph  Search this
Pelli, Cesar  Search this
Rockwell, Norman, 1894-1978  Search this
Rogers, Malcolm Jennings  Search this
Safdie, Moshe, 1938-  Search this
Wagman, Laurie  Search this
Wood, Art  Search this
Extent:
77 Pages (Transcript)
6 Items (Sound recording: 6 sound files (4 hr., 47 min.), digital, wav)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Interviews
Sound recordings
Place:
Colombia -- Description and Travel
Europe -- description and travel
Israel -- Description and Travel
Date:
2010 January 18-19
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Tom Patti conducted 2010 January 18 and 19, by William Warmus, for the Archives of American Art's Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America, at Patti's residence, in Miami Beach, Florida.
Patti talks about growing up in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, in a working-class neighborhood, and playing in and around the General Electric Corp. landfill, the major employer in the area; losing vision in one eye after a childhood accident; he recalls running with a tough crowd during high school and making homemade tattoos for his friends; his probation officer during high school, who encouraged his interest in art; meeting Norman Rockwell, who encouraged him to attend Pratt Institute in Brooklyn, New York; majoring in industrial design at Pratt, where he worked with Rowena Reed Kostellow; the idealism and social consciousness of the 1960s; exposure to the ideas of visionary architects such as Moshe Safdie and Buckminster Fuller; the New York art/social scene in the 1960s, including Max's Kansas City; meeting Marilyn Holtz, whom he later married; a trip to Colombia to discuss shelter development, and exposure to severe poverty; a resulting focus on people-centered shelter ideas; graduate work at Pratt, and the value of his studies in an academic environment; working with inflatable shelters, experimenting with different materials, including using glass; returning to the Berkshires in Massachusetts, working odd jobs, running a small glass school for children; becoming aware of the studio glass movement and attending a glassblowing workshop at Penland School of Crafts in Penland, North Carolina, in 1971; continued work with glass, including Vitrolite and other scavenged materials; growing public recognition in the 1970s; an internship at Haystack Mountain School of Crafts, Deer Isle, Manie, where he met Steve Feren, with whom he worked for several years; acquisition of work by the Corning Museum of Glass, Corning, New York, in 1976; first one-man gallery show in 1977; purchase of work by the Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York; series Solar Riser and the importance of a meditative/spiritual component of his work; setting up a studio in Plainfield, Massachusetts; first museum exhibition at the George Walter Vincent Smith Art Museum in Springfield, Massachusetts; speaking at the World Crafts Council conference in Vienna in the late 1970s; continued travel and recognition in Europe in the 1980s; "Genic Doran Divider-Sentinel," (1982-84), commissioned sculpture for General Electric in Pittsfield, which led to his focus on laminated materials; early 1990s studio expansion to work on a larger scale; commission work with Cesar Pelli for Owens Corning Fiberglas in 1993; one-person show at Serge Lechazynski's gallery in Biot, France; travels in Europe and Israel; serving on the board of the Norman Rockwell Museum in Stockbridge, Massachusetts; consulting work with the glass and materials industry; "Spectral-Luma Ellipse" (2000); "Spatial Boundary" (2001), commissioned by Ann and Graham Gund; continued smaller-scale work; designing the window for Sienna Gallery in Lenox, Massachusetts, owned by his daughter; recent commissions including "Morton Square" in 2004, the Roosevelt Avenue Intermodal Station (2004), both in New York City, and "Miami Rain" (2009), Miami, Florida; and the importance of transparency, opacity, and translucency in his work. He also recalls Joseph Parriott, Sybil Moholy-Nagy, Rudolf Arnheim, Art Wood, Thomas Buechner, Doug Heller, Penelope Hunter-Stiebel, Laurie Wagman and Irvin Borowsky, and Malcolm Rogers.
Biographical / Historical:
Tom Patti (1943- ) is a glass artist, sculptor, and designer in Pittsfield, Massachusetts and Miami Beach, Florida.
General:
Originally recorded on 6 memory cards. Duration is 4 hr., 47 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Topic:
Industrial design  Search this
Designers -- Massachusetts -- Interviews  Search this
Glass art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Glass artists -- Massachusetts -- Interviews  Search this
Glass blowing and working -- Study and teaching  Search this
Sculptors -- Massachusetts -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Identifier:
AAA.patti10
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9b3ed58c5-3fb4-4b82-88a3-c6ab7153b737
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-patti10
Online Media:

César Pelli [Folder]

Additional name:
Pelli, Cesar  Search this
Contents:
Folder(s) may include exhibition announcements, newspaper and/or magazine clippings, press releases, brochures, reviews, invitations, illustrations, resumes, artist's statements, exhibition catalogs.
Topic:
Artists  Search this
Designers  Search this
Location:
Art & Artist files at the Smithsonian American Art Museum/ National Portrait Gallery Library
Art & Artist files at the Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum Library
Data source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:SILAF_6137

Oral history interview with Tom Patti, 2010 January 18-19

Interviewee:
Patti, Tom, 1943-  Search this
Patti, Tom, 1943-  Search this
Interviewer:
Warmus, William, 1953-  Search this
Subject:
Arnheim, Rudolf  Search this
Borowsky, Irvin J.  Search this
Buechner, Thomas S.  Search this
Fuller, R. Buckminster (Richard Buckminster)  Search this
Gund, Ann  Search this
Gund, Graham  Search this
Heller, Doug  Search this
Hunter-Stiebel, Penelope  Search this
Kostellow, Rowena Reed  Search this
Moholy-Nagy, Sibyl  Search this
Parriott, Joseph  Search this
Pelli, Cesar  Search this
Rockwell, Norman  Search this
Rogers, Malcolm Jennings  Search this
Safdie, Moshe  Search this
Wagman, Laurie  Search this
Wood, Art  Search this
Corning Museum of Glass.  Search this
General Electric Company  Search this
George Walter Vincent Smith Museum  Search this
Haystack Mountain School of Crafts  Search this
Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America  Search this
Norman Rockwell Museum at Stockbridge  Search this
Owens-Corning Fiberglas Corporation  Search this
Penland School of Crafts  Search this
Pratt Institute  Search this
Sienna Gallery  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Place:
Colombia -- description and travel
Europe -- description and travel
Israel -- description and travel
Topic:
Industrial design  Search this
Designers -- Massachusetts -- Interviews  Search this
Glass art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Glass artists -- Massachusetts -- Interviews  Search this
Glass blowing and working -- Study and teaching  Search this
Sculptors -- Massachusetts -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)15780
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)287761
AAA_collcode_patti10
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_287761
Online Media:

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