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Eduardo Masferre photographs of the Luzon Cordillera

Creator:
Masferré, E. (Eduardo), 1909-1995  Search this
Extent:
152 Prints (silver gelatin)
Culture:
Igorot (Philippine people)  Search this
Kalinga (Philippine people)  Search this
Bontoks (Philippine people)  Search this
Ifugao (Philippine people)  Search this
Gaddang (Philippine people)  Search this
Kankanay (Philippine people)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Photographs
Place:
Cordillera Administrative Region (Philippines)
Philippines
Date:
circa 1934-1956
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs made by Eduardo Masfere documenting the lives and culture of the Igorot (mountain) people, mainly Bontok and Kalinga. There are also a few photographs that relate to the Gaddang, Ifugao, and Kankanai peoples. Many of the photographs are portraits, though others show pipes and tobacco use, basketry and weaving, ceremonies, and agriculture.
Biographical/Historical note:
Eduardo Masferre (1909-1995) was born in the Gran Cordillera Central region of Luzon to a Spanish father and native Filipino mother from the Kankanai tribe. Between 1914 and 1921, the Masferre family lived in Spain, where Eduardo began his education. After completing his schooling in the Philippines, Masferre followed in his father's footsteps and became a missionary teacher and then a missionary administrator in Sagada. He began photographing the mountain tribes in 1934, documenting traditions that he feared would be lost. After World War II, he opened a photographic studio in Bontok, selling studio portraits as well as photographs of nearby villages. In 1988, a book of his photographs, E. Masferre: People of the Philippine Cordillera, was produced.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 91-30
Location of Other Archival Materials:
A photograph of Masferre held in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot R92-43.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
These photographs cannot be published without permission from Eduardo Masferre's heirs. Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Basket making  Search this
Tobacco  Search this
Tattooing  Search this
Pottery craft  Search this
Textile fabrics  Search this
Weaving  Search this
Rites and ceremonies  Search this
Dance  Search this
Agriculture  Search this
Cooking  Search this
Dwellings  Search this
Musical instruments  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 91-30, Eduardo Masferre photographs of the Luzon Cordillera, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.91-30
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-91-30

George Grant MacCurdy photograph collection of skeletal material from the Peruvian Highlands

Collector:
MacCurdy, George Grant, 1863-1947  Search this
Extent:
100 Prints (circa, silver gelatin)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Prints
Photographs
Date:
undated
Scope and Contents note:
Photographs depicting Peruvian human skeletal remains, mostly skulls, possibly from the Bingham Expedition.
Biographical/Historical note:
George Grant MacCurdy (1863-1947) was an archeologist and physical anthropologist. He studied at Harvard University and Yale University, and in Vienna, Paris, and Berlin. For over thirty years, MacCurdy was a professor and curator of anthropological collections at the Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History. In 1921, MacCurdy cofounded the American School in France for Prehistoric Studies, which trained students how to conduct archeological investigations at prehistoric sites.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 77-31
Location of Other Archival Materials:
Additional photographs of skeletal material from Peru can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in Photo Lot 73-26C, and Photo Lot 83-41.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Human remains (Archaeology) -- Peru  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 77-31, George Grant MacCurdy photograph collection of skeletal material from the Peruvian Highlands, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.77-31
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-77-31

Challinor Family Home Movies

Cinematographer:
Challinor, Joan R.  Search this
Challinor, David, 1920-2008  Search this
Extent:
1 Cubic foot (7 films, Reels AC1233-OF0001 and AC1233-OF0002 are composite reels created by the Archives Center, National Museum of American History, the former comprising "Children Summer, Fall, and Winter, 1956-1957" and "Challinor Family Home Movie, 1957" and the latter comprising "Guilford, 57-58" and "Challinor Family Home Movie, 1959", 16mm)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
16mm motion picture film
Place:
Massachusetts
White Mountain National Forest (N.H. and Me.)
Mount Snow Ski Resort
Vermont
Murten (Switzerland)
Noroton Heights (Darien, Conn.)
Switzerland
Sierra Nevada (Calif. and Nev.)
Yosemite National Park (Calif.)
Iceland
Half Dome (Calif.)
Yosemite Valley (Calif.)
Bermuda Islands
Guilford (Me.)
Maine
Norfolk (Conn.)
Guilford (Conn.)
Date:
1956-1965
Summary:
David Challinor served the Smithsonian Institution in an official capacity for 30 years, eventually becoming the assistant secretary to Sidney Dillon Ripley. Joan R. Challinor became an historian and advocate of library sciences and education. In 1956, however, they were busy with their young family. David only returned to university for graduate school in 1957, in his late 30s. They both went on to have successful careers and active family lives. This collection includes 7 home movie films that document thte Challinor family.
Scope and Contents:
The collection comprises seven silent 16mm color home movies depicting David and Joan Challinor, their four children, and other family or friends. Subject matter includes the family's home in Connecticut as well as family vacations throughout the northeastern United States and Bermuda, Switzerland, and Iceland.
Arrangement:
Collection organized into one series.

Series 1, Motion Picture Film, 1956-1965
Biographical / Historical:
David Challinor and Joan Ridder Challinor were married in 1952 and lived in Houston, Texas where David worked as a cotton broker, farmer, and then a mortgage banker. They had four children: Julia, Mary, Sarah, and David, and six grandchildren. In the late 1950s, they settled in Connecticut, where David pursued graduate studies in forest ecology at Yale University and during which time the couple made home movies.

From 1960-1964, David Challinor served as the deputy director of Yale's Peabody Museum of Natural History under Sidney Dillon Ripley, and in 1965 became the acting director after Ripley became the Smithsonian's secretary. When in 1966 Challinor received his doctorate from Yale University, Ripley recruited him to serve as the Special Assistant for Tropical Biology of the Smithsonian's Office of the Secretary. From 1967-1971 he served as the deputy director and, subsequently, the director of the Office of International Activites. He then served as Assistant Secretary for Science and Research for sixteen years before becoming the Science Advisor to the Secretary prior to his retirement in 1996 when he was named Scientist Emeritus for the National Zoological Park. He died in 2008, leaving a professional legacy of conservationism.

During Challinor's tenure as Assistant Secretary for Science and Research at the Smithsonian, Joan R. Challinor pursued graduate studies in history at American University, receiving her doctorate in 1982. Her work involved serving on numerous committees and organizations, many of which were library and education related, including the Schlesinger Library Advisory Committee and the National Commission on Libraries and Information Science. Through the 1980s and 1990s, she lectured at American University, was a research associate at the National Museum of American History, wrote numerous essays, edited two books, and even produced a documentary film about Thomas Paine. She was also the director of Knight Ridder, Inc., a print media company, from 1989 until 2001. She continues to live and work in the Washington, D.C. area.
Related Materials:
Materials at Other Organizations

The Schlesinger Library of the Radcliff Institute for Advanced Study at Harvard University holds the "Papers of Joan R. Challinor, 1848, 1975-2008", which includes her correspondence, meeting and conference materials, articles, speeches, reports, photographs, and audiotapes (Accession #MC 678; T-446).

The Smithsonian Institution Archives holds numerous archival collections, including photographs, papers, files, records, and oral histories related to David Challinor.
Provenance:
The collection was donated by Joan Challinor in 2011.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research but is stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Contact the Archives Center for information at archivescenter@si.edu or 202-633-3270.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Privacy rights of filmed individuals may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Occupation:
Conservationists  Search this
Topic:
Fourth of July celebrations  Search this
Hiking  Search this
Skis and skiing  Search this
Holidays  Search this
Camping -- 20th century  Search this
Biologists  Search this
Family vacations  Search this
Naturalists  Search this
Swimming  Search this
Christmas  Search this
Amateur films  Search this
Historians  Search this
Genre/Form:
16mm motion picture film
Citation:
Challinor Family Home Movie Collection, 1956-1965, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1233
See more items in:
Challinor Family Home Movies
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1233

Bird Specimens, Peabody Museum of Natural History, Yale University

Collection Creator::
Olson, Storrs L.  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 1
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 05-066, Storrs L. Olson Papers
See more items in:
Storrs L. Olson Papers
Storrs L. Olson Papers / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa05-066-refidd1e214

SPNHC - Thank you letters to Linda Hollenberg and Robert Fisher from the Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History, June 13, 2007

Collection Creator::
Society for the Preservation of Natural History Collections  Search this
Container:
Box 12 of 12
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Rights:
Restricted for 15 years, until Jan-01-2034; Transferring office; 7/11/1990 Agreement of Transfer; Contact reference staff for details.
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 19-198, Society for the Preservation of Natural History Collections, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Box 12
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa19-198-refidd1e6777

Records

Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of the Secretary  Search this
Extent:
297.65 cu. ft. (568 document boxes) (91 3x5 boxes) (1 oversize folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Black-and-white photographs
Serials (publications)
Clippings
Manuscripts
Architectural drawings
Date:
1964-1971
Descriptive Entry:
These records reflect the growing scope and complexity of the Smithsonian during Ripley's tenure. They document the Smithsonian's changing administrative structure; growing relationships with universities, foundations, and other external groups; efforts to attract more government support for the Smithsonian; pursuit of new initiatives and programs; and the regular administrative activities of the Institution. The records for this period document the opening of the National Museum of History and Technology (now the National Museum of American History); creation of the Office of Academic Studies and the Office of Smithsonian Symposia and Seminars; founding of the Smithsonian Resident Associate Program; establishment of the Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies; opening of east and west wings of the National Museum of Natural History; opening of the Anacostia Neighborhood Museum; beginning of the Festival of American Folklife; opening of the National Portrait Gallery; establishment of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; formation of the Smithsonian National Associates Program; and the opening of the Renwick Gallery.
Historical Note:
In 1964 S. Dillon Ripley, formerly a Professor of Biology at Yale University and Director of its Peabody Museum of Natural History, succeeded Leonard Carmichael as eighth Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution.
Topic:
Museums -- Administration  Search this
Museums -- Public relations  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white photographs
Serials (publications)
Clippings
Manuscripts
Architectural drawings
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 99, Smithsonian Institution, Office of the Secretary, Records
Identifier:
Record Unit 99
See more items in:
Records
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru0099

Peabody Museum of Natural History

Collection Creator:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation  Search this
Collection Collector:
Johnson, Frederick, 1904-1994  Search this
Churchill, Frank C. (Frank Carroll), 1850-1912  Search this
Davis, Edward H., b. 1862  Search this
Churchill, Clara G.  Search this
Harrington, M. R. (Mark Raymond), 1882-1971  Search this
Harvey, Byron  Search this
Emmons, George Thornton  Search this
Gridley, Marion E. (Marion Eleanor), 1906-1974  Search this
Wildschut, William  Search this
Stiles, William F., 1912-1980  Search this
Verrill, A. Hyatt (Alpheus Hyatt), 1871-1954  Search this
Skinner, Alanson, 1886-1925  Search this
Waterman, T. T. (Thomas Talbot), 1885-1936  Search this
Harvey, Fred  Search this
Keppler, Udo J., 1872-1956  Search this
Lothrop, S. K. (Samuel Kirkland), 1892-1965  Search this
Barrett, S. A. (Samuel Alfred), 1879-1965  Search this
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924  Search this
Speck, Frank G. (Frank Gouldsmith), 1881-1950  Search this
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956  Search this
Collection Director:
Dockstader, Frederick J.  Search this
Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957  Search this
Collection Source:
Force, Roland W.  Search this
Burnett, Edwin K.  Search this
Container:
Box 43, Folder 3
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1957 - 1972
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish or broadcast materials from the collection must be requested from the National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiarchives@si.edu.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation Records, Box and Folder Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records
Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records / Series 1: Directors / 1.3: Frederick Dockstader / 1C.1: Correspondence
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-001-ref14048

Yale University, Peabody Museum of Natural History

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. International Exchange Service  Search this
Container:
Box 14 of 37
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 509, Smithsonian Institution, International Exchange Service, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Box 14
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0509-refidd1e11241

A. Gilbert Wright Oral History Interviews

Creator::
Wright, A. Gilbert, (Arthur Gilbert), 1909-1987, interviewee  Search this
Extent:
9 audiotapes (Reference copies).
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Transcripts
Audiotapes
Place:
Jefferson National Expansion Memorial (Saint Louis, Mo.)
Date:
1983
Introduction:
The Smithsonian Institution Archives began its Oral History Program in 1973. The purpose of the program is to supplement the written documentation of the Archives' record and manuscript collections with an Oral History Collection, focusing on the history of the Institution, research by its scholars, and contributions of its staff. Program staff conduct interviews with current and retired Smithsonian staff and others who have made significant contributions to the Institution. There are also interviews conducted by researchers or students on topics related to the history of the Smithsonian or the holdings of the Smithsonian Institution Archives.

Wright was interviewed for the Oral History Collection because of his long and wide-ranging experience in the museum field.
Descriptive Entry:
Wright was interviewed by Pamela M. Henson on five occasions between May and November of 1983. The interviews cover Wright's youth; early interests in museums, natural history, and taxidermy; his education; museum career at the Illinois State Museum, Peabody Museum of Natural History, Florida State Museum, National Park Service, and Smithsonian Institution; internship at the Buffalo Museum of Science; teaching at George Washington University; reminiscences of colleagues such as Arthur Sterry Coggeshall, Ralph H. Lewis, Alexander Wetmore, and John E. Anglim; and his publications and professional activities.
Historical Note:
Arthur Gilbert Wright (1909-1987), was a zoologist and exhibits curator, with diverse interests in natural history, exhibits preparation, and writing. Born in Carthage, Illinois, in 1909, Wright developed an interest in natural history, taxidermy, and museum curatorship in his youth. After receiving a B.A. in biology from Carthage College in 1932, he was appointed Zoologist at the Illinois State Museum (ISM) in 1933. Wright gained broad museum experience as a Rockefeller Foundation intern at the Buffalo Museum of Science in 1937-1938. During his ISM tenure, he published two volumes, The Illinois State Museum, Guide to Exhibits, and Common Illinois Insects. He received the M.S. degree in zoology from the University of Illinois at Urbana in 1946. Wright served briefly as Chief of the School Service Department of the Peabody Museum of Natural History at Yale in 1947-1948. In 1953 he left the ISM to accept a position as Curator of Exhibits at the Florida State Museum (FSM) in Gainesville. During the fifties, Wright prepared exhibits for the main FSM building, a "museumobile," and historical site museums throughout the state. In 1961, Wright was appointed Jefferson National Expansion Memorial in St. Louis. The project was abruptly terminated in 1963 due to cost overruns for the Gateway Arch. Wright then joined the staff of the Office of Exhibits Programs at the Smithsonian Institution, as Assistant Chief with responsibilities for planning exhibits renovation in the National Museum of Natural History (NMNH). In 1971-1972 Wright was Assistant to the Director of the NMNH for exhibits planning and during this time developed the Insect Zoo. When the Office of Exhibits was reorganized in 1972, Wright became a writer/editor in the Office of the Exhibits Editor until his retirement in 1975.

In the early 1970s, Wright began teaching courses in museology at George Washington University. After his retirement, he directed their new Museum Studies Program until 1978. Throughout his career, Wright was an active member of the American Association of Museums and the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Topic:
Zoologists  Search this
Entomology  Search this
Zoology  Search this
Museum techniques  Search this
Museum curators -- Interviews  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Oral history  Search this
Genre/Form:
Transcripts
Audiotapes
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9523, A. Gilbert Wright Oral History Interviews
Identifier:
Record Unit 9523
See more items in:
A. Gilbert Wright Oral History Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru9523

Discusses his career at the Illinois State Museum and Peabody Museum of Natural History, c. 1933-1948, focusing on: reminiscences of the staff of the ISM; his work on exhibits and the Guide to Exhibits in the 1930s; reminiscences of Coggeshall, includi...

Collection Creator::
Wright, A. Gilbert, (Arthur Gilbert), 1909-1987, interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9523, A. Gilbert Wright Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
A. Gilbert Wright Oral History Interviews
A. Gilbert Wright Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9523-refidd1e336

G. Arthur Cooper Oral History Interviews

Creator::
Cooper, G. Arthur (Gustav Arthur), 1902-2000, interviewee  Search this
Extent:
6 audiotapes (Reference copies). 10 digital .mp3 files (Reference copies).
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Audiotapes
Transcripts
Date:
1984
Introduction:
The Smithsonian Institution Archives began its Oral History Program in 1973. The purpose of the program is to supplement the written documentation of the Archives' record and manuscript collections with an Oral History Collection, focusing on the history of the Institution, research by its scholars, and contributions of its staff. Program staff conduct interviews with current and retired Smithsonian staff and others who have made significant contributions to the Institution. There are also interviews conducted by researchers or students on topics related to the history of the Smithsonian or the holdings of the Smithsonian Institution Archives.

Cooper was interviewed for the Oral History Collection because of his long and distinguished scholarly and administrative career at the Institution spanning more than half a century.
Descriptive Entry:
Cooper was interviewed by Pamela M. Henson on three occasions in January of 1984. The interviews cover his childhood interest in natural history collections, his education, and his career as a curator of invertebrate paleobiology in the NMNH, notably his research, field work, care of the paleontological collection, administration, and reminiscences of colleagues such as Edwin Kirk, Charles E. Resser, Charles Schuchert, Edward O. Ulrich, Aldred Scott Warthin and Alexander Wetmore. For additional videotaped oral history interviews of Cooper, see Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9530, Smithsonian Institution Paleobiology Videohistory Interviews.
Historical Note:
Gustav Arthur Cooper (1902-2000), was a invertebrate paleobiologist in the Department of Paleobiology, National Museum of Natural History (NMNH), specializing in the taxonomy and stratigraphy of Paleozoic brachiopods. He began collecting natural history specimens and minerals during his youth in New York. He received the B.S. degree from Colgate University in 1924 with a major in chemistry and the M.S. degree in 1926. He continued graduate work at Yale University with Drs. Carl O. Dunbar and Charles Schuchert, and was awarded the Ph.D. in 1929 for his thesis on the stratigraphy of the Hamilton formation. Under Schuchert's direction, he began research on fossil brachiopods, his life's work. While at Yale, he served as an Assistant Curator (1928-1929) and Research Associate (1929-1930) in the Department of Invertebrate Paleontology of the Peabody Museum of Natural History.

In 1930, Cooper was appointed Assistant Curator in the Division of Stratigraphic Paleontology of the United States National Museum (USNM). In 1941, he advanced to Associate Curator and in 1944 to Curator of the Division of Invertebrate Paleontology. He assumed the Head Curatorship of the Department of Geology in 1957, and oversaw its division into separate departments of Paleobiology and Mineral Sciences in 1963. He continued as Chairman of the Department of Paleobiology until he was appointed Senior Paleobiologist in 1967. After his retirement from federal service in 1974, he continued his research as Paleobiologist Emeritus.

Cooper was known for his research on the taxonomy and stratigraphy of Paleozoic brachiopods. His major monographs include Ozarkian and Canadian Brachiopoda (1938 with E. O. Ulrich), Chazyan and Related Brachiopods (1956), Morphology, Classification, and Life Habits of Productoids (Brachiopoda) (1960 with Helen M. Muir-Wood), and Permian Brachiopods of West Texas, vols. 1-6 (1969-1977 with Richard E. Grant). He conducted field work in the United States, Canada, or Mexico virtually every year of his career at the USNM, significantly increasing both the range and depth of the national collections. Under his guidance, an acid-etching laboratory was established for work with silicified fossils, notably Permian brachiopods from the Glass Mountains in Texas. He also developed his own photographic laboratory, producing over fifty thousand images from the collections.

As an administrator, Cooper presided over a ten-fold increase in the paleobiology curatorial staff, from two in 1944 to twenty in 1967. He was the driving force behind the split of the Department of Geology into two separate departments in 1963. He also planned and supervised the move into the new wings of the Natural History Building (NHB) in 1963-1965.

Among the many honors bestowed upon him are the Penrose Medal of the Geological Society of America in 1983, the Daniel Giraud Elliot Medal of the National Academy of Sciences in 1979, the Paleontological Society Medal in 1964, and the Mary Clark Thompson Medal of the National Academy of Sciences in 1958.
Topic:
Paleontology  Search this
Geology  Search this
Oral history  Search this
Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Audiotapes
Transcripts
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9524, G. Arthur Cooper Oral History Interviews
Identifier:
Record Unit 9524
See more items in:
G. Arthur Cooper Oral History Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru9524

Covers his youth, education, and career at the USNM, c. 1902-1965, including: family and childhood in Flushing, New York; mineral collecting with Arthur Payne; undergraduate major in chemistry at Colgate University, 1921-1924; stratigraphic research fo...

Collection Creator::
Cooper, G. Arthur (Gustav Arthur), 1902-2000, interviewee  Search this
Container:
Interviews
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9524, G. Arthur Cooper Oral History Interviews
See more items in:
G. Arthur Cooper Oral History Interviews
G. Arthur Cooper Oral History Interviews / Interviews
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru9524-refidd1e270

Folder 6 Museums - Peabody Museum of Natural History, 1925

Collection Creator::
Science Service  Search this
Container:
Box 106 of 459
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7091, Science Service, Records
See more items in:
Records
Records / Series 5: EDITORIAL CORRESPONDENCE OF THE DIRECTOR AND SENIOR STAFF OF SCIENCE SERVICE, 1921-1963, INCLUDING THE CORRESPONDENCE OF WATSON DAVIS AS NEWS EDITOR (1921-1922), MANAGING EDITOR (1922-1933), AND DIRECTOR (1933-1963). / Box 106
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7091-refidd1e14519

A. Gilbert Wright Papers

Creator::
Wright, A. Gilbert, (Arthur Gilbert), 1909-1987  Search this
Extent:
1.4 cu. ft. (2 document boxes) (1 half document box) (1 3x5 box)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Black-and-white photographs
Manuscripts
Color transparencies
Place:
Jefferson National Expansion Memorial (Saint Louis, Mo.)
Date:
circa 1936-1981 and undated
Descriptive Entry:
The papers of A. Gilbert Wright provide partial documentation of most aspects of his professional career. Included are materials concerning Wright's tenure as a Rockefeller Foundation Intern at the Buffalo Museum of Science, 1937-1938; his work at the Florida State Museum, the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial, and the Smithsonian Institution; and his teaching career at the George Washington University (GWU). Less well represented are records documenting his thirteen-year career at the Illinois State Museum, and his brief tenure at the Peabody Museum of Natural History. The collection includes both personal and professional correspondence received and written by Wright between 1936 and 1981. The correspondence includes a voluminous exchange with his long-time friend, Roscoe Wilmeth, as well as letters documenting most of his professional appointments. A small group of collected materials from Wright's professional work include his report on a tour of United States museums taken during the Rockefeller internship; teaching records from his GWU course on museology; publications written by or concerning Wright; and records documenting his work at the Smithsonian, especially the By-Word Program at the National Museum of Natural History. The collection also includes photographs and slides, many of which were taken by Wright. Included are images of Wright; the muralist, Jay H. Matternes; Florida State Museum exhibits and personnel; and Smithsonian exhibits, laboratories, and research areas.
Historical Note:
A. Gilbert Wright (1909-1987) was a zoologist and exhibits curator with diverse interests in natural history, exhibits preparation, and writing. Born in Carthage, Illinois, Wright developed an interest in natural history, taxidermy, and museum curatorship in his youth. After receiving the B.A. in biology from Carthage College in 1932, he was appointed zoologist at the Illinois State Museum (ISM) in 1933. Wright gained broad museum experience as a Rockefeller Foundation intern at the Buffalo Museum of Science in 1937-1938. During his ISM tenure, he published two volumes, The Illinois State Museum, Guide to Exhibits and Common Illinois Insects. He received the M.S. degree in zoology from the University of Illinois at Urbana in 1946. Wright served briefly as chief of the School Service Department of the Peabody Museum of Natural History at Yale in 1947-1948. In 1953 he left the ISM to accept a position as curator of exhibits at the Florida State Museum (FSM) in Gainesville. During his tenure at FSM, Wright developed exhibits for the main museum building, a "museumobile," and historical site museums throughout the state. In 1961, Wright was appointed chief of the Museum Planning Branch of the National Park Service for the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial in St. Louis. The project was abruptly terminated in 1963 due to cost overruns for the Gateway Arch. Wright then joined the staff of the Office of Exhibits at the Smithsonian Institution, as assistant chief with responsibilities for planning exhibits renovation in the National Museum of Natural History (NMNH). In 1971-1972 Wright was assistant to the director of the NMNH for exhibits planning and during this time developed the Insect Zoo. From 1972 until his retirement in 1975, he was a writer/editor in the Office of Exhibits Central.

In the early 1970s, Wright began teaching courses in museology at the George Washington University. After his retirement, he directed their new Museum Studies Program until 1978. Throughout his career, Wright was an active member of the American Association of Museums and the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Researchers should consult the A. Gilbert Wright oral history interviews (Record Unit 9523), in the Smithsonian Institution Archives, for extensive information on Wright and his career.
Topic:
Zoology  Search this
Zoologists  Search this
Taxidermy  Search this
Museum curators  Search this
Museum exhibits  Search this
Museum techniques  Search this
Entomology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Black-and-white photographs
Manuscripts
Color transparencies
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7331, A. Gilbert Wright Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7331
See more items in:
A. Gilbert Wright Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7331

G. Arthur Cooper Papers

Creator::
Cooper, G. Arthur (Gustav Arthur), 1902-2000  Search this
Extent:
18.61 cu. ft. (36 document boxes) (1 half document box) (2 3x5 boxes) (1 oversize folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Field notes
Manuscripts
Maps
Black-and-white photographs
Black-and-white transparencies
Date:
1923-1993 and undated,with material from 1878 to 1892
Introduction:
This finding aid was digitized with funds generously provided by the Smithsonian Institution Women's Committee.
Descriptive Entry:
The papers of G. Arthur Cooper offer broad documentation of his professional career. The collection documents his interest in taxonomy and stratigraphy; his scientific research on fossil brachiopods; his extensive field work in the United States, Canada, and Mexico; his curatorial duties and administrative activities in the Departments of Geology and Paleobiology, NMNH, including the development of the invertebrate paleontological collections; and his role in professional societies.

Series 1 consists mainly of the extensive correspondence Cooper maintained with scientific colleagues in the paleontological community worldwide between 1940 and 1987. Incoming and outgoing correspondence documents the exchange of ideas and information on taxonomic identifications and classifications; field work; and the loan and acquisition of fossil specimens. Scientific correspondence files also include photographs of specimens for identification; obituaries of colleagues; and nineteenth-century letters of Edward Oscar Ulrich and Thomas Davidson used for research purposes.

Series 2 contains travel and grant files, 1927-1968, that document communication with the Department while Cooper was in the field and records pertaining to grants for scientific research. It includes correspondence, memoranda, travel expense records, and itineraries from field trips, as well as grant proposals and records on Cooper's involvement in various professional societies.

Cooper's role as an administrator at the USNM and NMNH is documented in series 3. The correspondence, dated between 1933 and 1967, concerns activities of professional societies; bequests, including nineteenth-century correspondence and copies of wills and bequests; the relationship between the department and the Smithsonian Libraries; the Exhibits Modernization Program; and the opening of the paleontological halls, 1961-1963. Also included are a notebook, several manuscripts, and one folder of correspondence created by William F. Foshag during his tenure as head curator of the Department of Geology.

Overlap exists between series 1, scientific correspondence, and series 3, administrative correspondence; therefore, researchers should check both to ensure a complete search.

Series 4 consists of Cooper's manuscripts and text of speeches written before his arrival at the USNM and during the course of his career. Of special interest are Cooper's M.S. thesis, "Hamilton Group in Hamilton Township," and an incomplete draft of his Ph.D. dissertation, "Hamilton Group of New York." Oversize figures for several of these manuscripts are housed off site. It is recommended that researchers make prior arrangements with the reference staff when requesting this material.

Series 5 and 6 consist of field notes, photographs, and slides taken by Cooper during his collecting trips. Field notes and photographs from his early work in New York State, the Gaspe region of Quebec, and a variety of localities across the United States are included in these divisions. His field work and research on the Hamilton formation in New York and Glass Mountains in Texas are especially well documented.

Additional information about Cooper can be found in Record Unit 328, the chairman's files of the Department of Paleobiology, 1940-1978; Record Unit 9523, oral history interviews of Cooper; and Record Unit 9529, videohistory interviews of Cooper.
Historical Note:
G. Arthur Cooper (1902- ), paleobiologist emeritus at the National Museum of Natural History (NMNH), distinguished himself as an authority on the taxonomy and stratigraphy of Paleozoic brachiopods. He first developed an interest in natural history by collecting insects and minerals during his childhood in New York. During his adolescence his interest in minerals grew, and he received his B.S. degree in chemistry with a minor in geology from Colgate University in 1924. Cooper continued research on stratigraphy of upper New York state and was awarded the M.S. degree from Colgate University in 1926 on the merits of this work. Cooper continued his graduate studies at Yale University under Carl O. Dunbar and Charles Schuchert. Under Schuchert's direction, he began his study of fossil brachiopods, an interest he maintained throughout his career. He received his Ph.D. in 1929, focusing on the stratigraphy of the Hamilton formation. While at Yale, he also served as assistant curator, 1928-1929, and research associate, 1929-1930, in the Department of Invertebrate Paleontology of the Peabody Museum of Natural History.

Cooper came to the Smithsonian in 1930 as assistant curator in the Division of Stratigraphic Paleontology of the United States National Museum (USNM). In 1941, he advanced to associate curator and in 1944 to curator of the Division of Invertebrate Paleontology. He was appointed head curator of the Department of Geology in 1957, and oversaw its division into the separate departments of Paleobiology and Mineral Sciences in 1963. He continued as chairman of the Department of Paleobiology through 1967 when he was appointed senior paleobiologist. After his retirement from federal service in 1974, he continued his research at the Smithsonian as paleobiologist emeritus until 1987.

During his years as an administrator, the paleobiology staff grew from two in 1944 to twenty in 1967 as Cooper sought to fill gaps of coverage in the department. Cooper was also the motivating force behind the split of the Department of Geology into two separate departments in 1963. By implementing these changes he stimulated growth and focused research on paleobiology. He also involved himself in space planning and supervision of the move into the new wings of the Natural History Building in 1963-1965.

Cooper is well known for his research on the taxonomy and stratigraphy of Paleozoic brachiopods. His major monographs include: Ozarkian and Canadian Brachiopoda (1938 with E. O. Ulrich), Chazyan and Related Brachiopods (1956), Morphology, Classification, and Life Habits of Productoids (Brachiopoda) (1960 with Helen M. Muir-Wood), and Permian Brachiopods of West Texas, vols. 1-6 (1969-1977 with Richard E. Grant). Throughout his career, he conducted extensive field work in the United States, Canada, and Mexico, significantly increasing both the range and depth of the national collections. Under his guidance, an acid-etching laboratory was established for work with silicified fossils, notably Permian brachiopods from the Glass Mountains of Texas. He also developed his own photographic laboratory, where he produced over fifty thousand images from the collections. Many honors have been presented to Cooper over the years, including the Mary Clark Thompson Medal of the National Academy of Sciences, 1958; the Paleontological Society Medal, 1964; the Daniel Giraud Elliot Medal of the National Academy of Sciences, 1979; the Penrose Medal of the Geological Society of America, 1983; and the James Hall Medal of the New York State Geological Survey, 1986.
Chronology:
1902 -- Born in College Point, Long Island, N.Y., February 9

1924 -- B.S. degree, Phi Beta Kappa, Colgate University, Hamilton, New York

1926 -- M.S. degree, Colgate University

1928 -- Research assistant, invertebrate paleontology, Yale University

1928 -- Field work on Devonian stratigraphy of Hamilton Group of New York

1929 -- Ph.D., Yale University

1929 -- Research associate, invertebrate paleontology, Yale University

1929 -- Field work with Charles Schuchert, Gaspe, Quebec

-- 1930 Married Josephine P. Wells

1930 -- Assistant curator, USNM, Division of Stratigraphic Paleontology

1931 -- Assistant curator, USNM, Division of Invertebrate Paleontology

1932 -- Field work in Gaspe, Quebec; New Brunswick; Eastern New York

1935 -- USNM acidizing program begun

1938 -- Ozarkian and Canadian Brachiopoda published with Edward Oscar Ulrich

1939 -- Field work on Permian brachiopods of Glass Mountains, Texas

1941 -- Associate curator, USNM, Division of Stratigraphic Paleontology

1942 -- Associate curator, USNM, Division of Invertebrate Paleontology and Paleobotany

1942 -- Geological Society of America (GSA) published Devonian correlation chart with Cooper's concepts of facies, zonation, and stages

1942 -- Received Washington Academy of Sciences Award in the Biological Sciences

1942 -- Acid etching laboratory installed in NHB

1943 -- Field work in Sonora, Mexico, on Cambrian sequence with Alberto R. V. Arellano and Ignecio Flores

1944 -- Curator, USNM, Division of Invertebrate Paleontology

1945 -- Field work in Sonora, Mexico, completed

1953 -- Awarded Honorary D.Sc., Colgate University

1956 -- Acting head curator, USNM, Department of Geology

1956 -- Chazyan and Related Brachiopods published

1957 -- Head curator, USNM, Department of Geology

1958 -- President of Paleontological Society

1958 -- Awarded Mary Clark Thompson Medal of National Academy of Sciences

1960 -- Morphology, Classification, and Life Habits of Productoids (Brachiopoda) published with Helen Muir-Wood

1963 -- Department of Geology split into Department of Paleobiology and Department of Mineral Sciences; Cooper appointed chairman of Department of Paleobiology

1964 -- Awarded Paleontological Society Medal

1967 -- Resigned in February as chairman of Department of Paleobiology and appointed senior paleobiologist, NMNH

1969 -- Traveled to England and Poland

1969 -- First volume of Permian Brachiopods of West Texas published, with Richard E. Grant

1972 -- Retired from NMNH and appointed paleobiologist emeritus, February 29

1979 -- Awarded Daniel Giraud Elliot Medal of National Academy of Sciences

1981 -- Awarded Raymond C. Moore Medal of Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists

1983 -- Awarded Penrose Medal of GSA

1986 -- Awarded James Hall Medal of the New York State Geological Survey

1987 -- Retired from active research at NMNH as paleobiologist emeritus
Topic:
Geology  Search this
Paleontology  Search this
Genre/Form:
Field notes
Manuscripts
Maps
Black-and-white photographs
Black-and-white transparencies
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7318, G. Arthur Cooper Papers
Identifier:
Record Unit 7318
See more items in:
G. Arthur Cooper Papers
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-sia-faru7318

Folders 11-12 National Science Foundation Grants. Includes the following grant proposals and Cooper's comments:

Collection Creator::
Cooper, G. Arthur (Gustav Arthur), 1902-2000  Search this
Container:
Box 27 of 39
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7318, G. Arthur Cooper Papers
See more items in:
G. Arthur Cooper Papers
G. Arthur Cooper Papers / Series 3: ADMINISTRATIVE CORRESPONDENCE, 1933-1967 AND UNDATED, WITH RELATED MATERIAL FROM 1888-1925. / Box 27
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru7318-refidd1e6188

Furth, David, Peabody Museum of Natural History, Yale

Collection Creator::
National Museum of Natural History. Department of Entomology  Search this
Container:
Box 1 of 4
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 11-081, National Museum of Natural History. Department of Entomology, Curatorial Records
See more items in:
Curatorial Records
Curatorial Records / Box 1
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa11-081-refidd1e773

Simons, Elwyn, Peabody Museum of Natural History, Yale University, Paleontology and Stratigraphy of the Paleocene, Eocene, and Oligocene deposits of Egypt, 1966-1973 (2 folders)

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of International Activities  Search this
Container:
Box 6 of 9
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 180, Smithsonian Institution. Office of International Activities, Grant Records
See more items in:
Grant Records
Grant Records / Box 6
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0180-refidd1e662

Simons, Elwyn, Peabody Museum of Natural History, Yale University, Development of Quarriable Sites for Earliest Hominids in the Siwalik Hills, North India, 1967-1973 (2 folders)

Collection Creator::
Smithsonian Institution. Office of International Activities  Search this
Container:
Box 6 of 9
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 180, Smithsonian Institution. Office of International Activities, Grant Records
See more items in:
Grant Records
Grant Records / Box 6
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-faru0180-refidd1e673

Peabody Museum of Natural History, 1948-1969

Collection Creator::
Boucot, A. J. (Arthur James), 1924-  Search this
Container:
Box 5 of 7
Type:
Archival materials
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 15-182, Arthur J. Boucot Papers
See more items in:
Arthur J. Boucot Papers
Arthur J. Boucot Papers / Box 5
Archival Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-sia-fa15-182-refidd1e3156

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