An interview of Santa Barraza conducted 2003 November 21-22, by Cary Cordova, for the Archives of American Art, in Kingsville, Texas.
Barraza speaks of her childhood, family and early education; picking cotton in the summer; the University of Texas, Kingsville; meeting Carmen Lomas Garza and learning graphic design; her daughter Andrea; involvement with Mayo, a Mexican-American Youth Organization; Austin, Tex. and the differences between UT Kingsville and UT Austin; and Acuña Rodolfo's book, "Occupied America: the Chicano's Struggle Toward Liberation," 1972. Barraza also discusses Jacinto Quirarte and the first formal art history class on Mexican-American art; the formation of MAS, Mujeres Artistas del Suroeste; the Conferencia del Plástica Chicana, held September 13-16, 1979 in Austin, Texas; Con Safo; use of the image of the Virgin of Guadalupe in her artwork; stories of witchcraft; La Llorona; MACLA, the Movimiento de Arte y Cultura Latino Americana, founded in 1989 in San Jose, California; teaching at Pennsylvania State University; her studio space in Kingsville, Texas; the distinction between Chicana and Latina; the visual artists Faith Ringgold and Leslie King Hammond whom Barraza admires; her travels to Oaxaca and other places; her book, "Santa Barraza, Artist of the Borderlands," 2001. Barraza also recalls Ben Bailey, Maurice Schmidt, José Rivera, Amado Peña, Israel Reyna, Sylvia Orozco, Barbina Modesta Treviño, Nora González Dodson, Rita Starpattern, Raquel Tibol, Jorge Bustamante, Liliana Wilson, Isabel Juárez, Viola Delgado, Kathy Vargas, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Santa Barraza (1951-) is an artist from Kingsville, Texas. Cary Cordova (1970-) is an art historian from Austin, Texas.
Originally recorded on 4 sound discs. Reformatted in 2010 as 7 digital wav files. Duration is 4 hr., 13 min.
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
This interview is part of the series "Recuerdos Orales: Interviews of the Latino Art Community in Texas," supported by Federal funds for Latino programming, administered by the Smithsonian Center for Latino Initiatives.
The digital preservation of this interview received Federal support from the Latino Initiatives Pool, administered by the Smithsonian Latino Center.
Primarily files on approximately 200 artists of New Mexico and the Southwest containing biographical data, inquiries from researchers and owners of paintings requesting information on artists, photocopies of correspondence between artists and the Museum of Fine Arts and others, exhibition announcements, catalogs and invitations, press releases, clippings, and printed material. Also found is correspondence of the director Edward Hewett and curator Paul Walter. Microfilm reel contents are as follows: [Note several files were microfilmed out of alphabetical order - those names are listed both in the alphabetical list as well as by reel number]
REEL 3370: Clinton Adams, Kenneth Adams, Frank G. Applegate, Felipe Archuleta, Merle Armitage, Patrocino Barela, Bert Barnes, Charles Barrows, (Gustave Baumann -see reel 3436), (Donald Beauregard - see reel 3185), (Josef Bakos-see reel 3214), Harrison Begay, George Bellows, Tom Benrimo, Oscar E. Berninghaus, Earl Biss, George W. Blodgett, Howard Bobbs, Homer Boss, Elizabeth and Stanley Breneiser, Dorothy Brett, Lawrence Calcagno, T.C. Cannon, Gerald Cassidy (filmed out of sequence on reel 3214), Kenneth M. Chapman, Russell Cheney, Allan Clark, Regina Tatum Cooke, Irving Couse, Russell Cowles, Catherine Critcher, Doris Cross, Woodrow Crumbo, Andrew Dasburg.
REEL 3371: Robert Daughters, (Randall Davey - see reel 3436), Eleanor De Ghize, Giuseppe De Olmi, John Diehl, Clare Dieman, Thurman Dillard, Gussie Du Jardin, Dorothy Dunn, Ralph Douglass, Herbert Dunton, Charles Du Tant, Edward G. Eisenlohr, (Fremont Ellis - see reel 3436), Robert C. Ellis, Robert M. Ellis, George (Jorge) Fick, Harry Fonseca, Louise Ganthiers, Leon Gaspard, Boris Gilbertson, Laura Gilpin, Lloyd L. Goff, Ruben E. Gonzalez, R.C. Gorman, Allan Graham.
REEL 3372: Lez Haas, Arthur Haddock, Arthur and Norma Hall, Juan Hamilton, Frederick Hammersley, Una Hanbury, Alonzo Hauser, William Penhallow Henderson, E. Martin Hennings, Joe H. Herrera, Velino Herrera, Victor Higgins, Hilaire Hiler, Alexandre Hogue, Allan Houser, Oscar Howe, Odon Hullenkremer, Peter Hurd.
REEL 3373: Wilson Hurley, Foster Hyatt, Joseph A. Imhof, Rebecca Salsbury James, Luis Jimenez, Louise Crow.
REEL 3185: Donald Beaugregard (filmed out of sequence), Fred Kabotie, Dora Kaminsky, Buffalo Kaplinski, Aaron Karp, Anna E. Keener, Ramon Kelley, Yeffee Kimball, Paul Kinslow, Gene Kloss, Janusz and nancy Kozikowski, Otto Kuhler, Greg La Chapelle Armond Lara, Karl Larsson, Barbara Latham, Tom Lea, Ralph Leon, Earl Linderman, Janet Lippincott.
REEL 3186: Larry Littlebird, Harlan and Nell Lizer, Gisella Loeffler, Charles Loloma, George Lopez, Robert Lougheed, Reginald Loving, William Lumpkins, Thomas S. Macaione, Sara Mack, Maria Martinez, Charles Mattox, Ila McAfee, Roderick Mead, Ralph Meyers, (Alfred Morang - see reel 3436),Jesús Bautista Moroles, Forrest Moses, Ira Moskowitz, Carol Mothner, Ann Moul,Lee Mullican, Arthur Musgrave, Datus Myers, Gerald Nailor, Dan Namingha, Bruce Nauman, Eugene Newmann, John Nieto, Frederick O'Hara, (Georgia O'Keeffe-filmed out of sequence on reel 3214), Sheldon Parsons, Ralph M. Pearson, Tom and Louise Perkinson, Amado Peña, Tonita Peña, Bert G. Phillips, Aline Porter, Kenneth Price, Jean Promutico.
REEL 3187: Juane Quick-to-See Smith, Robert D. Ray, Kevin Red Star, Doel Reed, Gail and Zachariah Rieke, Eliseo Rodriguez, Warren E. Rollins, Julius Rolshoven, Alfonso Royban, Ford Ruthling, Sibyl Saam, Birger Sandzén, Paul Sarkisian, Frank P. Sauerwein, Howard Schleeter, Albert Schmidt, Fritz Scholder, Agnes Sims.
REEL 3188:: Eric Sloane, Vladan Stiha, Earl Stroh, Beth Ames Swartz, Quincy Tahoma, Agnes Tait, Richard Thompson, Andy V. Tsinajinie, Walter Ufer, Theodore Van Soelen, Pablita Velarde, Carlos Vierra, Harold Joe Waldrum, John Wenger, Harold E. West, Randy Lee White, J. R. Willis, Henriette Wyeth, Beatin Yazz, Webb Young, John Young-Hunter.
REELS 3436-3437: Gustave Baumann, Randall Davey, Fremont Ellis, Alfred Morang, Willard Nash, Will Schuster and John Sloan (includes ca. 50 letters, many illustrated, from Sloan to Will Schuster, 1922-1951.)
REEL 3214: Jozef G. Bakos, Gerald Cassidy and Georgia O'Keeffe.
REEL 3292: Copies of correspondence, 1917-1924, of the Museum of Fine Arts Director Edgar L. Hewett and curator Paul A. F. Walter with artists, including Gustave Baumann, Oscar E. Berninghaus, Ernest L. Blumenschein, Gerald Cassidy, E. Irwin Couse, Helena Dunlap, W. Herbert Dunton, Marsden Hartley, E. Martin Hennings, Robert Henri, Victor Higgins, Leon Kroll, Walter Pach, Bert G. Phillips, Doris Rosenthal, Walter Ufer and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Art museum; Santa Fe, New Mexico.
Microfilmed as part of the Archives of American Art's Texas project.
Lent for microfilming by the Museum of Fine Arts, Museum of New Mexico, in 1984 as part of AAA's Texas Arts Documentation Project.
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.