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Foundational Truths

Creator:
National Portrait Gallery  Search this
Type:
Blog posts
Smithsonian staff publications
Blog posts
Published Date:
Tue, 20 Apr 2021 07:00:00 -0000
Topic:
Portraits  Search this
See more posts:
PORTRAITS
Data Source:
National Portrait Gallery
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:posts_b347997fbfb497b27b3c914e12db67b0

Cleveland Letter Carriers' Band Scrapbooks and Photographs Collection

Creator:
Cleveland Letter Carriers' Band  Search this
Names:
Cleveland Letter Carriers' Band  Search this
Amsberg, F.  Search this
Butler, B. H.  Search this
David, Joe  Search this
Driggs, Art  Search this
Edwards, Thomas  Search this
Edwards, Tom  Search this
Eger, F. H.  Search this
Giesel, W.  Search this
Horner, Francis J.  Search this
Horner, Frank  Search this
Jacobs, W. F.  Search this
Kirby, William  Search this
Llewellyn, William  Search this
Lucas, William J.  Search this
Mangan, J. C.  Search this
Mott, Samuel  Search this
Nelson, F. H.  Search this
Pekar, F.  Search this
Remmel, H.  Search this
Thompson, J. C.  Search this
Tischler, Jeanne A.  Search this
Wallace, W.  Search this
Zimmerman, C. X.  Search this
Extent:
4.94 Cubic feet (Fifteen (15) flat boxes (12 x 15.5 x 3 in.) and one (1) oversize folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Cleveland (Ohio)
United States -- Social life and customs
Date:
1890-2020
Summary:
The National Association of Letter Carriers, Branch 40, was established in Cleveland, Ohio, on October 6, 1889 as the Cleveland Letter Carriers' Mutual Benefit Association. While a national association did not exist at this time, representatives of the Cleveland association met with representatives of other independent associations in 1890 to form the National Association of Letter Carriers. Cleveland received its official charter from the national organization on August 28, 1890 and the Cleveland Letter Carriers' Band was established the same year.

This collection consists of fifteen scrapbooks and six oversize photographs. The scrapbooks contain photographs, newspaper clippings, correspondence, brochures, pamphlets, programs and other related ephemera which document the band's performances, activities, and members. The oversize photographs consists of group portraits of the band.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of fifteen scrapbooks and six oversize photographs. The scrapbooks contain photographs, newspaper clippings, correspondence, brochures, pamphlets, programs and other related ephemera which document the band's performances, activities, and members. The oversize photographs consist of group portraits of the band.
Arrangement:
Collection is arranged by format and then chronologically within.
Biographical / Historical:
Letter carriers' bands associated with union branches date back to the nineteenth century. The National Association of Letter Carriers (NALC) members and band participants believed letter carriers' bands could "[kindle] the union spirit at NALC conventions and rallies" through music. Updates from various cities published in The Postal Record show friendly competition grew with the creation of local bands.

The National Association of Letter Carriers, Branch 40, was first established in Cleveland, Ohio, on October 6, 1889 as the Cleveland Letter Carriers' Mutual Benefits Association. While a national association did not exist at this time, representatives of the Cleveland association met with representatives of other independent associations in 1890 to form the National Association of Letter Carriers. Cleveland received its official charter from the national organization on August 28, 1890 and the Cleveland Letter Carriers' Band was established the same year. Organized by William Llewellyn, the early band consisted of a brass band with 26 pieces. Its first Drum Major was William Kirby and another early band member was Francis J. Horner.

After the NALC convention in 1890 until the fall of 1899 the band struggled along, supported by dues and honorary memberships until it became untenable to continue. At the time the members of the band enlisted as a whole in the 5th Regiment Ohio National Guard under Colonel C. X. Zimmerman, an ex-letter carrier. They were honorably discharged on February 20, 1902; re-enlisted on July 1, 1902, and again honorably discharged February 20, 1904. For the next three years, due to a variety of difficulties and obstacles, the activities of the band were at an all time low, but in the summer of 1907 a push was made to reassert the group and the Cleveland Letter Carriers' Band was reorganized to function as the band seen today. In September of 1907, the first rehearsal was called with the following members present: William Llewellyn, President; Thomas Edwards, Secretary-Treasurer; William J. Lucas, Director; F. Amsberg; B. H. Butler; Joe David; W. F. Jacobs; Tom Edwards; W. Giesel; J. C. Mangan; Samuel Mott; H. Remmel; J. C. Thompson; F. H. Eger; Frank Horner; F. H. Nelson; F. Pekar; W. Wallace; _____ Burke; _____ Betz; and Art Driggs.

Letter carriers' bands had become such a large part of the NALC that by the 1911 St. Paul Convention a National Association of Letter Carriers' Bands was created. The founding members were the Boston, New York, Brooklyn, Cleveland, and Chicago Letter Carriers' Bands. The Association was organized with three objectives in mind: To promote measures for the musical education of its members; the improvement of the musical features of the conventions of the NALC; and to unite, fraternally and socially, all the letter carriers' bands of the United States for their mutual benefit and enjoyment.

Throughout the twentieth century, bands performed at the biennial NALC conventions as part of multi-day programs. According to the donor of this collection, Jeanne A. Tischler, the union covered all travel and accommodation expenses, making band membership an opportunity for members to tour and connect with postal workers across the country in a way they might not have done on their own. Additionally drum majorettes became a part of the band as it expanded to encompass more members.

The Cleveland Letter Carriers' Band's most significant performance is at NALC conventions, but over time its interests expanded to performing at local and regional events, performing at charitable institutions, and taking part in civic and patriotic affairs in Cleveland and around the country. During non-NALC convention years, the band performs at the Ohio State Association. To this day the band continues to perform locally in the Cleveland area.

For more information about Letter Carriers' Bands see the "Bands" section of the National Postal Museum research article, "Postal Employees After Hours".
Related Materials:
In addition to the materials in this collection, badges, a NALC banner, drums, uniforms and hats from the Cleveland Letter Carriers' Band were donated to the National Postal Museum (See accession 2023.2019).

Additonally, the museum's collections also contain a number of other items related to Letter Carriers' Bands.
Provenance:
Donated by Jeanne A. Tischler, through Judy and Tom Herbert, 2023.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research. Access to original archival materials is by appointment only. Researchers must submit request for appointment in writing. Please direct reference inquiries to the National Postal Museum Archives: NPM_Archives@si.edu.
Rights:
The National Postal Museum Archives makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and the NPM Rights and Reproductions for additional information. Please direct reference inquiries to the National Postal Museum Archives: NPM_Archives@si.edu.
Topic:
Letter carriers  Search this
Bands (Music)  Search this
Letter carriers -- United States  Search this
Parades  Search this
Scrapbooks  Search this
Drum majorettes  Search this
Citation:
Cleveland Letter Carriers' Band Scrapbooks and Photographs Collection, NPMA.2023.4, National Postal Museum, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NPMA.2023.4
See more items in:
Cleveland Letter Carriers' Band Scrapbooks and Photographs Collection
Archival Repository:
National Postal Museum Archives
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/zn8a8697780-a715-4b8b-a70d-6ba81fd7b3fa
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-npma-2023-4
Online Media:

Group of 6 leaflets & 1 pamphlet

Physical Description:
paper (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 1 cm x 21.5 cm x 28 cm; 3/8 in x 8 7/16 in x 11 in
Object Name:
documentation
Date made:
about 1987
Credit Line:
Joan Krammer
ID Number:
1993.3145.04
Catalog number:
1993.3145.04
Nonaccession number:
1993.3145
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Computers
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746ac-efbe-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1373770

IBM Personal System/2 Documentation

Maker:
IBM  Search this
IBM  Search this
Measurements:
overall: 2 cm x 23 cm x 30.7 cm; 13/16 in x 9 1/16 in x 12 1/16 in
Object Name:
Documentation
Date made:
1987
Credit Line:
Joan Krammer
ID Number:
1993.3145.01
Catalog number:
1993.3145.01
Nonaccession number:
1993.3145
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Computers
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746a5-99dc-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_764686

Surgical Set

Maker:
Hermann Hernstein & Son  Search this
Physical Description:
wood (overall material)
metal (overall material)
Measurements:
overall: 3 1/2 in x 17 1/4 in x 7 1/2 in; 8.89 cm x 43.815 cm x 19.05 cm
Object Name:
case
surgical set
Place made:
United States: New York, New York City
Date made:
1862-1865
Subject:
Surgery  Search this
Related event:
Civil War and Reconstruction  Search this
Credit Line:
Gustave and Phyllis Sokol
ID Number:
1977.1103.01
Accession number:
1977.1103
Catalog number:
1977.1103.01
See more items in:
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Health & Medicine
Cultures & Communities
Work
Industry & Manufacturing
Natural Resources
Transportation
Civil War Surgical Sets
Exhibition:
On the Water
Exhibition Location:
National Museum of American History
Data Source:
National Museum of American History
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ng49ca746aa-ae73-704b-e053-15f76fa0b4fa
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmah_1216047
Online Media:

Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan Community Churches (UFMCC) AIDS ministry pamphlets

Collection Collector:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History  Search this
Collection Donor:
Becker, John M.  Search this
Gay Officers Action League. GOAL  Search this
Heritage of Pride (HOP)  Search this
Rohrbaugh, Richard  Search this
Atlantic States Gay Rodeo Association (ASGRA)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Hirsch, Leonard  Search this
Guest, Barbara  Search this
Barna, Joseph T.  Search this
Guest, Michael E.  Search this
Cruse, Howard, 1944-2019  Search this
Container:
Box 179, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1994, undated
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.

Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow.

Do not use original materials when available on reference video or audio tapes.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Collection
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Collection / Series 24: Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan Community Churches (UFMCC)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8b78fba9e-8e0a-4468-849a-0363a78f3c13
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1146-ref2949

"Homosexuality not a sin, not a sickness", pamphlet, English and Spanish

Collection Collector:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History  Search this
Collection Donor:
Becker, John M.  Search this
Gay Officers Action League. GOAL  Search this
Heritage of Pride (HOP)  Search this
Rohrbaugh, Richard  Search this
Atlantic States Gay Rodeo Association (ASGRA)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Hirsch, Leonard  Search this
Guest, Barbara  Search this
Barna, Joseph T.  Search this
Guest, Michael E.  Search this
Cruse, Howard, 1944-2019  Search this
Container:
Box 179, Folder 10
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1990
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.

Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow.

Do not use original materials when available on reference video or audio tapes.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Collection
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Collection / Series 24: Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan Community Churches (UFMCC)
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep82ac638a1-d382-4ef3-ac33-db3c7eae6279
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1146-ref2951

Homosexuality What the Bible Does and Does Not Say, pamphlet

Collection Collector:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History  Search this
Collection Donor:
Becker, John M.  Search this
Gay Officers Action League. GOAL  Search this
Heritage of Pride (HOP)  Search this
Rohrbaugh, Richard  Search this
Atlantic States Gay Rodeo Association (ASGRA)  Search this
Collection Creator:
Hirsch, Leonard  Search this
Guest, Barbara  Search this
Barna, Joseph T.  Search this
Guest, Michael E.  Search this
Cruse, Howard, 1944-2019  Search this
Container:
Box 191, Folder 11
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1984
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research use.

Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow.

Do not use original materials when available on reference video or audio tapes.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
See more items in:
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Collection
Archives Center Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Collection / Series 26: Cones, Myra L. and Harris, G. Yvonne / 26.1: Writing and Ephemera
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8f47c27f5-61d4-4599-824a-5b92d15fe2c1
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-1146-ref3199

"Many Children Suffer" pamphlet

Collection Creator:
Landor Associates  Search this
Landor, Walter, 1913-1995  Search this
Container:
Box 179, Folder 6
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Landor Design Collection, circa 1862-2002, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Landor Design Collection
Landor Design Collection / Series 1: Landor Associates Business Records / 1.2: Office Files
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep8ef2b85c0-c046-4ae6-9303-c21bafd643e0
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0500-ref1932

Pigs and Bacon marketing board pamphlets

Collection Creator:
Landor Associates  Search this
Landor, Walter, 1913-1995  Search this
Container:
Box 179, Folder 7
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
undated
Collection Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Collection Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection Citation:
Landor Design Collection, circa 1862-2002, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
See more items in:
Landor Design Collection
Landor Design Collection / Series 1: Landor Associates Business Records / 1.2: Office Files
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep896855e4c-0bb9-4e40-85bf-d50341706c75
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmah-ac-0500-ref1933

Division of Community Life World's Fairs Collection

Collector:
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Community Life  Search this
National Museum of American History (U.S.). Division of Political History  Search this
Vogel, Robert M.  Search this
Names:
Ameriflora '92 (Columbus, Ohio)  Search this
Centennial Exhibition (1876 : Philadelphia, Pa.)  Search this
Century of Progress International Exposition (1933-1934 : Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
Christopher Columbus Quincentenary Jubilee (Genova, Italy: 1992)  Search this
Expo '93 (Stuttgart, Germany)  Search this
Expo '93 (Taejŏn-si, Korea)  Search this
Exposición Universal de 1992 (Seville, Spain)  Search this
Exposition universelle et internationale (1958 : Brussels, Belgium)  Search this
Floriade Zoetermeer (The Hague, Netherlands: 1992)  Search this
Golden Gate International Exposition (1939-1940 : San Francisco, Calif.)  Search this
New York World's Fair (1939-1940 : New York, N.Y.)  Search this
New York World's Fair (1964-1965)  Search this
Salon International de l'Aeronautique et de l'Espace (Paris, France: 1991)  Search this
World's Columbian Exposition (1893 : Chicago, Ill.)  Search this
Donor:
Annis, Esther Pauline  Search this
Carmody, Stella  Search this
Coppola, John  Search this
Frick, Margaret  Search this
Grossman, Walter  Search this
Hallwig, Elizabeth Ann  Search this
Hallwig, O.Morton  Search this
Holt, C.W.  Search this
Krause, Roy  Search this
Landor, Josephine  Search this
Landor, Walter, 1913-1995  Search this
Lindsay, Elizabeth R.  Search this
Meggars, Edith R.  Search this
Shafer, Mary C.  Search this
Sheppard, Stephen  Search this
Willcutts, Viola E.  Search this
Former owner:
Warner, Peter M.  Search this
Extent:
3.3 Cubic feet (11 boxes, 12 map-folders)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Programs
Clippings
Leaflets
Stickers
Guidebooks
Brochures
Commemoratives
Schedules
Stationery
Fans
Calendars
Postcards
Shopping bags
Press releases
Tickets
Certificates
Bumper stickers
Pamphlets
Maps
Catalogs
Date:
1876-1993
Summary:
Collection documents World's Fairs from 1876 to 1993.
Scope and Contents:
The collection is a compilation of gifts from numerous donors, of printed materials and ephemera relating to World's Fairs.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into one series chronologically by fair.
Provenance:
Collected from numerous donors by the Division of Community Life (now called the Division of Home and Community Life.) A number of items in the collection were also collected for the National Museum of American History by the Division. Donors include Viola E. Willcuts, Peter M. Warner, Edith B. Meggars, Elizabeth R. Lindsay, C.W. Holt, Walter Grossman, Margaret Frick, Peter M. Warner, Esther Pauline Annis, Roy Krause, Ameriflora, Expo '92, Expo '93, Colombo, O. Morton Hallwig and Elizabeth Ann Hallwig, Mary C. Shafer, Robert Vogel, John Coppola, Stella M. Carmody, Walter and Josephine Landor, and Stephen Sheppard.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Exhibitions  Search this
World's fairs  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs -- Color transparencies -- 1950-2000
Programs
Clippings
Leaflets
Stickers
Guidebooks
Brochures
Commemoratives
Schedules
Stationery
Fans
Calendars
Postcards
Shopping bags
Press releases
Tickets
Certificates
Bumper stickers
Pamphlets
Maps
Catalogs
Citation:
Division of Community Life World's Fairs Collection, 1876-1993, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.1132
See more items in:
Division of Community Life World's Fairs Collection
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ep82197e99b-7898-4422-9249-ca8c9abf0798
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-1132

J. Horace McFarland Company collection

Creator:
McFarland, J. Horace (John Horace), 1859-1948  Search this
American Rose Society  Search this
Names:
J. Horace McFarland Company  Search this
Mount Pleasant Press  Search this
Extent:
30 Cubic feet (2718 photographs: black and white; 450 glass lantern slides; 41 glass negatives; color records; plant patents; publications. )
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Black-and-white photographs
Lantern slides
Place:
Breeze Hill (Harrisburg, Pennsylvania)
Pennsylvania -- Harrisburg
Date:
1899-1974
Summary:
The J. Horace McFarland Collection includes over 3,100 photographic images of private and public gardens throughout the United States, as well as some from foreign countries, dating from 1899 to 1963. Many of these images, generated for Mount Pleasant Press (later the J. Horace McFarland Company), were used to illustrate trade catalogs published by the firm as well as journal and newspaper articles. The collection also contains color records that were used as reference aids during the printing process, plant patents, and various publications of the McFarland Company.
Scope and Contents note:
The J. Horace McFarland Collection includes over 2,700 black and white mounted photographs, 448 glass lantern slides, and 41 glass plate negatives of gardens throughout the United States dating from 1899 to 1963. A small number of images show gardens in Austria, Canada, England, Mexico, Scotland and Wales. Many of the images, which were generated and used by the J. Horace McFarland Company to illustrate trade catalogs and journal and newspaper articles, indicate the publication(s) in which they appeared. A series of portraits of rosarians, many of them featured in Modern Roses 6, rounds out the image collection. The McFarland Collection also includes color records, plants patents, and miscellaneous publications. Color records are plant 'portraits' that were painted by McFarland Company staff artists in watercolor. They were referenced by the printing department in order to render illustrations of plants in colors as close to the originals as possible. The plant patents are patents for plants issued by the United States Patent Office. They include the plant name, source, filing and patent dates, patent number, and growth characteristics. Most are accompanied by a colored image of the plant identified in the patent. The miscellaneous publications are various pamphlets and booklets published by the J. Horace McFarland Company.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 5 series:

1) Garden images (including mounted photographs, glass plate negatives, and glass lantern slides)

2) Portraits of Rosarians

3) Color Records

4) Plant Patents

5) Miscellaneous Publications
Biographical/Historical note:
Dr. J. Horace McFarland (1859-1948) was an influential civic leader, author, publisher, horticulturist, and authority on roses. His printing company, Mount Pleasant Press (later the J. Horace McFarland Company), was based in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. It published many of the seed and nursery trade catalogs in the United States during the first half of the twentieth century and was one of the first to apply color processes to commercial print applications. J. Horace McFarland Company staffers photographed thousands of different gardens and plant specimens throughout the United States. These images were used to illustrate numerous nursery and seed catalogs, journals and books. Among its many services, the firm sold various themed lectures illustrated by sets of hand-colored glass lantern slides.

McFarland wrote over 200 articles in popular journals as well as a dozen books on roses and gardening. He served as the first president of the American Civic Association from 1904-1924 and led several local and national campaigns to protect communities and scenic areas from urban blight and overdevelopment including the city of Harrisburg and Niagara Falls. McFarland, who served as the president of the American Rose Society (1930-1932) and helped establish a standardized rose identification and registration method, used the gardens on his own 2.5 acre property in Harrisburg, "Breeze Hill," to test hundreds of varieties of roses and plant cultivars. "Breeze Hill" was used as the backdrop for many photographs taken by McFarland's firm.
Related Materials:
The Pennsylvania State Archives in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania includes the J. Horace McFarland Company Records (Manuscript Group 453) and the J. Horace McFarland Papers (Manuscript Group 85).

The Historical Society of Dauphin County in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania includes the J. Horace McFarland Collection (MG 229).
Separated Materials note:
The Smithsonian Institution's Botany and Horticulture Library includes seed and nursery trade catalogs, books, and published materials from the J. Horace McFarland Company.

The United States Department of Agriculture's National Agricultural Library in Beltsville, Maryland has various photographic images, nursery catalogs, publications and miscellaneous records from the J. Horace McFarland Company in its J. Horace McFarland Collection.
Provenance:
Donated in 1992 by James W. Walsh, who purchased the J. Horace McFarland Company from its founder's heirs. (The business was later renamed the Roebuck Printing Company.)
Restrictions:
Access to original archival materials by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Topic:
Printers -- United States  Search this
Horticulturists  Search this
Printers -- Pennsylvania  Search this
Gardening -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Seeds -- Catalogs  Search this
Seed industry and trade -- United States  Search this
Gardens -- United States  Search this
Seed industry and trade -- Catalogs  Search this
Rose breeders -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Black-and-white photographs
Lantern slides
Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, J. Horace McFarland Company Collection.
Identifier:
AAG.MCF
See more items in:
J. Horace McFarland Company collection
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/kb69dd45f0c-ce66-4097-bc0f-68f5be9a5b11
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aag-mcf
Online Media:

Shan Goshorn collection

Creator:
Goshorn, Shan  Search this
Names:
American Indian Community House (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Native Indian/Inuit Photographers' Association  Search this
Smithsonian Institution. National Museum of the American Indian  Search this
Heap of Birds, Edgar  Search this
Extent:
7.2 Linear feet
3,686 Photographic prints
17,806 Negatives (photographic)
456 Contact sheets
734 Slides (photographs)
10 Videocassettes (VHS)
259 Electronic discs (CD)
8 USB flash drive
1 Hard drive
1 Electronic discs (DVD)
Culture:
Eastern Band of Cherokee  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Negatives (photographic)
Contact sheets
Slides (photographs)
Videocassettes (vhs)
Electronic discs (cd)
Usb flash drive
Hard drives
Electronic discs (dvd)
Date:
1976-2018
Summary:
This collection reflects the work of Eastern Band of Cherokee artist and activist, Shan Goshorn and includes photographic prints, negatives, and slides as well as documents, sketches, and audio-visual materials. The bulk of the collection ranges from 1976 to 2018.
Scope and Contents:
The Shan Goshorn collection includes numerous photographic materials such as prints, negatives, and slides, as well as documents, sketches, audio-visual (VHS), and born digital materials. These materials document both Shan's artistic career and her participation in Intertribal activism and Native organizations. Most of the collection spans 1980-2018, though there are some materials and documents from the late 1970s and then later materials following her death up to 2020.

Series 1: Works of art, 1976-2018, is divided into four subseries by media type. Subseries 1.1: Baskets, 2007-2018, includes Shan's full basket catalog, notes, sketches, and photographs of completed baskets, as well as early idea sketches and photographs of Shan weaving. Subseries 1.2: Photography, painting, and mixed media, 1976-2018, includes photographs and notes related to Shan's photography, paintings, and mixed media. This subseries is further divided into "Early works" from 1976-1985, and then "Individual art works" from 1985-2018. This subseries includes images of completed works and works in progress. Subseries 1.3: Commissions, 1992-2015, includes correspondence, design notes, and photographs of commissioned work completed by Shan. Subseries 1.4: Reference materials, 1977-2018, includes photographs taken by Shan and used as reference material across projects. These are divided into subject area: flora, fauna, scenery, portraits, landscapes, and still-lives. Most of the photographs are black and white 35mm negatives. Also included in this series are research documents Shan gathered around topics such as "repatriation" and "stereotypes."

Series 2: Events, 1979-2020, is divided into three subseries by event type. Subseries 2.1: "Indian Events" photographs, 1981-2001, includes thousands of black and white 35mm negatives of Native American events, mostly powwows, as labeled by Shan. Photographs from 1992 were taken specifically for a project with National Indian/Inuit Photographers' Association (NIIPA). A number of these photographs were used in documentary photo exhibits, such as "Reclaiming Cultural Ownership: Challenging Indian Stereotypes (1995)." Subseries 2.2: Gallery shows and exhibitions, 1985-2020, includes correspondence, photographs, and art show pamphlets from galleries and exhibits where Shan's art was included. Subseries 2.3: Art Markets and festivals, 1993-2017, includes clippings, pamphlets, and photographs of art markets and festivals where Shan attended and showed work such as SWAIA, and the Cherokee Art Market.

Series 3: Projects and Organizations, 1979-2018, is divided into two subseries. Subseries 3.1: General projects and organizations, 1979-2018, includes correspondence, notes and photographs related to organization and projects Shan was involved in such as the American Indian Community House, Indian Arts and Crafts Board, NIIPA, Oklahoma Visual Arts Coalition, the Tulsa Indian Actor's Workshop, and Urban Indian 5 collective. Subseries 3.2: Fellowships, 1999-2016, includes correspondence notes and photographs related to Shan's Eiteljorg, Smithsonian, and Native Arts and Cultures fellowships.

Series 4: Subject files, 1960-2020, includes business correspondence, calendars, photo releases, and public relations materials such as resumes, artist statements and headshots. Also included in this series are materials, such as clippings and postcards, Shan gathered about other Native artists like Edgar Heap of Birds and Hulleah J. Tsinhnahjinnie, and non-Native artists like Janas and Scott Watterman.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged in four series by subject matter.

Series 1: Works of art, 1976-2018, includes Subseries 1.1: Baskets, Subseries 1.2: Photography, painting, and mixed media, Subseries 1.3: Commissions, and Subseries 1.4: Reference materials. Subseries 1.1, 1.2 and 1.4 are arranged alphabetically. Subseries 1.3 is arranged chronologically.

Series 2: Events, 1979-2020, includes Subseries 2.1: "Indian Events" photographs, Subseries 2.2: Gallery shows and exhibitions, and Subseries 2.3: Art Markets and festivals. Subseries 2.1 and 2.2 are arranged chronologically and Subseries 2.3 is arranged alphabetically.

Series 3: Projects and Organizations, 1979-2018, includes Subseries 3.1: General projects and organizations and Subseries 3.2: Fellowships. These subseries' are arranged alphabetically.

Series 4: Subject files, 1960-2020, is arranged alphabetically.
Biographical / Historical:
Shan Goshorn (Eastern Band of Cherokee) was born on July 3, 1957. As a child she divided her time between Baltimore, Maryland and Cherokee, North Carolina to be close to all her grandparents. During her teenage years, Shan worked for a summer at her tribe's Qualla Arts and Crafts Mutual cooperative where she became familiar with leading Eastern Band Cherokee artists. Shan attended the Cleveland Institute of Art to study silversmithing but later transferred to the Atlanta College of Art where she shifted her focus to painting and photography.

In 1981 she moved to Tulsa, Oklahoma, where she established her artistic career and family life. Immersed in the intertribal environment, she attended pow-wows and Native events and continued her personal photographic record. Much of her work during the 1980s and early 1990s focused on the manipulation of black and white images through darkroom techniques and pigment applied directly to the photographs. She also supported herself by creating large abstract acrylic paintings for commissions. Much of her painting and photography addressed the multiple facets of her Native American heritage, from traditional spirituality to educating audiences about Native cultures. Some of her notable mixed media works included "Coming Into Power (1986)," "Moontime (1987)," "Honest Injun (1992)," "Earth Renewal (1996-1998)," followed by "Earth Renewal, Earth Return (2002-2003)." Shan also produced several documentary photograph exhibitions highlighting members of her tribe, such as "Reclaiming Cultural Ownership: Challenging Indian Stereotypes (1995)" and "Cherokee Voices, Cherokee Faces (2002-2003)."

In 2007, Shan taught herself how to weave in the traditional Cherokee style of the single-weave basket. Shan combined historical documents and photographs with traditional techniques and patterns to create her first basket out of paper splints in 2008 "Pieced Treaties: Spider's Web Treaty Basket." She later taught herself the more challenging double-weave process and her first double-weave basket, "Sealed Fate," was completed in 2010. Her second double-weave basket "Educational Genocide (2011)," won Best of Show at the Red Earth Indian Art show and was the first basket Shan created that touched on Indian Boarding Schools. Between 2008 and 2018, Shan wove over 230 baskets addressing issues impacting Native people, such as tribal sovereignty, gaming, repatriation, treaty violation, misappropriation of images and names, denial of religious freedom and the high rate of substance/alcohol-related suicide. One of her last works, "Resisting the Mission: Filling the Silence (2016-2018)," consisted of 14 baskets discussing the removal of Native children from their homes to attend Carlisle Indian Industrial School. This set of baskets drew from archival photographs Shan researched during her Smithsonian Artist Research Fellowship and was acquired by the National Museum of the American Indian in 2019.

Over the course of her artistic career, Shan participated in numerous solo and group exhibitions all over the United States and internationally. She was a member of the Urban Indian Five, an intertribal art collective which also included Gerald Cournoyer (Oglala Lakota), Brent Greenwood (Chickasaw/Ponca), Thomas Poolaw (Kiowa), and Holly Wilson (Delaware/Cherokee). Shan was the recipient of numerous awards and fellowships including the 2013 Eiteljorg Contemporary Art Fellowship, the 2013 Smithsonian Artist Research Fellowship, 2013 SWAIA Discovery Fellowship, 2014 Native Arts and Cultures Foundation Artist Fellowship and the 2015 United States Artists Fellowship.

In addition to her artwork, Shan was involved in numerous inter-tribal organizations events and served on the board of directors with organizations such as the American Indian Heritage Center (OK), Native Indian/Inuit Photographer's Association (Canada), ATLATL (AZ), Indian Affairs Commission (OK), and Arts Commission of Tulsa. She also served in an advisory position for the Tulsa City/County Library for their American Indian Collection.

Shan died on December 1, 2018, from cancer. Following her passing, the Gilcrease Museum in Tulsa, Oklahoma, featured Shan's art and her influence on contemporary Native women artists in their 2020 exhibit "Weaving History into Art: The Enduring Legacy of Shan Goshorn."
Related Materials:
The National Museum of the American Indian has 23 works by Shan Goshorn in their Modern and Contemporary Art collection. You can view them all here through the Smithsonian Collections Search Center.

See Series 1: Works of Art for a timeline and links to individual works.
Provenance:
Gift of the Shan Goshorn Estate, 2022.
Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Shan Goshorn collection, NMAI.AC.426; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.426
See more items in:
Shan Goshorn collection
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4a7f6df47-eb71-4aa0-8982-6b60c0023002
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-426

Tulsa City-County Library System, American Indian Collection clippings, brochures, and pamphlets

Collection Creator:
Goshorn, Shan  Search this
Container:
Box 11, Folder 15
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1999-2016
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Shan Goshorn collection, NMAI.AC.426; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Shan Goshorn collection
Shan Goshorn collection / Series 3: Projects and Organizations / 3.1: General Projects and Organizations
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv43ae46c83-12bf-4ca3-af36-6ef60a86cf9e
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-426-ref454

Gallery shows and exhibitions

Collection Creator:
Goshorn, Shan  Search this
Extent:
.8 Linear feet
358 Photographic prints
427 Negatives (photographic)
4 Contact sheets
26 Slides (photographs)
10 Electronic discs (CD)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Negatives (photographic)
Contact sheets
Slides (photographs)
Electronic discs (cd)
Date:
1985-2020
Scope and Contents:
Subseries 2.2: Gallery shows and exhibitions, 1985-2020 includes correspondence, photographs, and art show pamphlets from galleries and exhibits where Shan's art was included.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Shan Goshorn collection, NMAI.AC.426; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.426, Subseries 2.2
See more items in:
Shan Goshorn collection
Shan Goshorn collection / Series 2: Events
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4331900f1-91e2-494c-9b22-e44ed71ea7f2
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-426-ref8

Art markets and festivals

Collection Creator:
Goshorn, Shan  Search this
Extent:
1 Linear foot
128 Photographic prints
51 Negatives (photographic)
Type:
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Negatives (photographic)
Date:
1993-2017
Scope and Contents:
Subseries 2.3: Art Markets and festivals, 1993-2017 includes clippings, pamphlets, and photographs of art markets and festivals where Shan attended and showed work such as SWAIA, and the Cherokee Art Market.
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Shan Goshorn collection, NMAI.AC.426; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.426, Subseries 2.3
See more items in:
Shan Goshorn collection
Shan Goshorn collection / Series 2: Events
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv4d9e9796b-c534-4e61-aa4d-838687cebff5
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-426-ref9

Native artists, artist pamphlets

Collection Creator:
Goshorn, Shan  Search this
Container:
Box 14, Folder 8
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1991-2013, undated
Collection Restrictions:
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Collection Rights:
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Collection Citation:
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Shan Goshorn collection, NMAI.AC.426; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Shan Goshorn collection
Shan Goshorn collection / Series 4: Subject Files
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sv445a5b1c0-c316-4c0a-a364-4bbf6b9f19d9
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nmai-ac-426-ref511

The Literary Corner: Introduction to Afro-American Essays with Sarah Fabio and Thomas Schick (side a) / Introduction to African English Drama with Brooks Robinson (side b)

Title:
Cassette tape with two episodes of the Literary Corner radio program
Created by:
Brooks B. Robinson Ph.D., American  Search this
Interview of:
Thomas Schick PhD, American, 1947 - 1987  Search this
Interviewed by:
Sarah Fabio, PhD, American, 1928 - 1979  Search this
Subject of:
John Pepper Clark, Nigerian, born 1935  Search this
Wole Soyinka, Nigerian, born 1934  Search this
Martin Robison Delany, American, 1812 - 1885  Search this
Directed by:
Robert Cham  Search this
Medium:
plastic and tape
Dimensions:
H x W (audiocassette): 2 3/4 × 4 1/4 × 5/8 in. (7 × 10.8 × 1.6 cm)
Duration (side A): 00:15:08
Duration (side B): 00:14:49
Type:
audiotapes
Place depicted:
West Africa, Africa
Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, United States, North and Central America
Nigeria, West Africa, Africa
Place made:
United States, North and Central America
Date:
1978
Topic:
African American  Search this
Drama (Theatre)  Search this
Folklife  Search this
Literature  Search this
Poetry  Search this
Radio  Search this
Slavery  Search this
U.S. History, Civil War, 1861-1865  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Contributed in memory of Professor Sarah Webster Fabio (1928-1979), poet, educator, Black Arts Movement icon, and one of the Literary Corner's analysts.
Object number:
2010.17.1.9a
Restrictions & Rights:
© Brooks B. Robinson
Permission required for use. Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Portfolio/Series:
The Literary Corner: Black Writers of the World
Classification:
Time-based Media - Audio
Movement:
Harlem Renaissance (New Negro Movement)
BAM (Black Arts Movement 1965-1976)
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd5b49e8d84-240b-4174-9b79-f6ae9e1c5ca7
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2010.17.1.9a
3 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View <I>The Literary Corner: Introduction to Afro-American Essays with Sarah Fabio and Thomas Schick (side a) / Introduction to African English Drama with Brooks Robinson (side b)</I> digital asset number 1
  • View <I>The Literary Corner: Introduction to Afro-American Essays with Sarah Fabio and Thomas Schick (side a) / Introduction to African English Drama with Brooks Robinson (side b)</I> digital asset number 2
  • View <I>The Literary Corner: Introduction to Afro-American Essays with Sarah Fabio and Thomas Schick (side a) / Introduction to African English Drama with Brooks Robinson (side b)</I> digital asset number 3
Online Media:

Newspaper clipping of women distributing voter registration pamphlets

Created by:
San Francisco Examiner, American, founded 1863  Search this
Frances M. Albrier, American, 1898 - 1987  Search this
Photograph by:
Cox Studio, American, founded 1957  Search this
Subject of:
Rosalie Brown, American  Search this
Joan Lovett, American, born 1938  Search this
Joan Blalock, American  Search this
Yvette Hammond, American, born 1941  Search this
Floyd Green Allen, American, 1906 - 1967  Search this
Millicent March, American, born 1950  Search this
Mattie Reese, American  Search this
Frances Staton, American  Search this
Lucille Morrison, American  Search this
Lillian Nixon, American  Search this
Ruth N. March, American, 1912 - 1998  Search this
Jo Hooey, American  Search this
Frances M. Albrier, American, 1898 - 1987  Search this
San Francisco Chapter of the National Council of Negro Women, founded 1945  Search this
National Council of Negro Women, founded 1935  Search this
Medium:
ink on newsprint and paper (fiber product)
Dimensions:
H x W: 5 × 8 1/4 in. (12.7 × 21 cm)
Type:
clippings
Place depicted:
San Francisco, California, United States, North and Central America
Date:
September 20, 1956
Topic:
African American  Search this
Activism  Search this
Associations and institutions  Search this
Education  Search this
Politics  Search this
Social reform  Search this
Suffrage  Search this
Women  Search this
Women's organizations  Search this
Credit Line:
Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Frances Albrier Collection
Object number:
2010.60.1.13.1ab
Restrictions & Rights:
© Courtesy of The Bancroft Library University of California, Berkeley
Permission required for use. Proper usage is the responsibility of the user.
See more items in:
National Museum of African American History and Culture Collection
Classification:
Books and Published Materials
Movement:
Women's Club Movement
Data Source:
National Museum of African American History and Culture
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/fd53e7ec7c7-4512-48c8-befe-110c9fdca56a
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmaahc_2010.60.1.13.1ab

William Ian Brinkworth collection

Creator:
Brinkworth, William Ian  Search this
Extent:
3600 Negatives (photographic) (0801-3332: B5-6; 3333-4422: B5-7, black and white ;, 35mm.)
637 Photographic prints (black and white.)
179 Transparencies (color ;, 35mm.)
8 Volumes (Books and magazines)
65 Manuscripts (document genre)
7 Sound recordings
Culture:
Nupe (African people)  Search this
Yoruba (African people)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Photographic prints
Transparencies
Volumes
Manuscripts (document genre)
Sound recordings
Manuscripts
Black-and-white negatives
Publications
Black-and-white photographs
Color transparencies
Audiotapes
Place:
Jebba (Nigeria)
Nigeria
Benin (Kingdom)
Africa
Date:
1901-1991
Summary:
William Ian Brinkworth's collection, dated from 1901 to 1991, includes an extensive number of black and white photographs, negatives, color transparencies, books, audio tapes, manuscripts, and research materials. The manuscripts include Brinkworth's book drafts, film treatments, correspondence, historical documents, legal documents, journals and magazines in which his work was published.
Scope and Contents:
Brinkworth's black and white photographs, 35mm negatives and color transparencies form a major component of the collection and illustrate a vast array of subjects titled and arranged by Brinkworth. Many images focus on the Benin region of Nigeria, Olakun figures and shrines, hairstyles, bronze casting and Benin bronzes, tattooing, the Queens of the Oba, crafts and art objects, towns and marketplaces, seated dancing, personal adornment, agriculture and industry, and ceremonies and the daily life of Nigerian people. Subjects of special interest include the "Watchers of the Night" masquerade, the crowning of a chief in Abeokuta and the titling of a Yoruba chief. Also included are images of a Felesh priest (or "God of Thunder"), the Yoruba city of Jebba, a Popo women's cult, the Nupe people and a workshop in Bida, the University College at Ibadan and G.A. Akiola, the Aro of Igan Alade. Although the images were largely taken in Nigeria, there are a small number that depict domestic life of the Brinkworth family in England.

Brinkworth's manuscripts and personal documents include an extensive official diary from 1901 of Major W. R. Reeve-Tucker, the first British Traveling Commissioner in Nigeria. The series also includes some of Brinkworth's passports, personal notes, an "Enquiry into the Ogwashi-Uku Native Court," a treatment for the film African Priestess, essay and book drafts (many focusing on the mud figures of Benin), an issue of Functional Photography magazine featuring an article by Ian Brinkworth, correspondence, and paperwork concerning the law suit filed against Brinkworth by Chief Obafemi Awolowo. Brinkworth's collection of publications contains books, pamphlets and articles from Noir Et Blanc and Picture Post featuring his photography.
Arrangement note:
Series 1 is arranged according to subject categories supplied by Brinkworth. Series 2 and 3 were kept in original order. Series 4 is organized according to Brinkworth's hand-written number annotations. All unnumbered transparencies were kept in the order in which they were received. Series 5 is arranged chronologically as well as according to Brinkworth's notes and number markings. Series 6 is arranged according to packet number, those unidentified are arranged miscellaneously. Series 7 is arranged according to subject and Series 8 is organized by tape number.

Series 1: Black and White Photographs, circa 1946-1957 (637 items; Box 1-5)

Series 2: Manuscripts and Personal Documents, 1901-1991 (65 Documents; Boxes 6-7)

Series 3: Publications, 1942-1956 (8 items; Box 8)

Series 4: 35 mm Color Transperancies, circa 1946-1957 (?)

Series 5: Black and White Negatives, circa 1946-1957 (3600 negatives; Cold Vault Shelves B5-6 and B5-7)

Series 6: Contact Sheets

Series 7: Research Materials and Inventories

Series 8: Audio Cassettes
Biographical/Historical note:
William Ian Brinkworth (1914-2000) was born in Karagpur, India to British parents and raised in Scotland, France, Germany and England. His interest in art brought him to the Slade School of Fine Art in London where he was trained as a painter. While studying there, Brinkworth was named a Slade Scholar and awarded the Slade Summer Composition Prize.

The outbreak of World War II changed Brinkworth's career path from painter to soldier. He first served in the Infantry, later joined the Intelligence Corps and then worked with the Free French forces and First Special Air Service Regiment. Brinkworth was taken prisoner in Sardinia for two years and after his release was seconded as a liaison officer between the Foreign Office and the United Nations in 1946. Brinkworth's military service earned him the Member of the British Empire (MBE) medal and an appointment by the British Colonial Administration Service to the position of Assistant District Officer to the Resident of Warri, Nigeria in 1946. He went on to become District Officer and finally Senior District Officer of the region.

Brinkworth's professional responsibilities involved extensive travel throughout Nigeria to many peoples and regions including Warri, Abeakuta, Badagri, Benin, Ogwashiuku, Alaro, Ibaden, Asaba and Ado-Ekiti. While serving as District Officer, Brinkworth was able to incorporate his artistic training and interests with his administrative obligations, chiefly through the mediums of photography and film. Brinkworth's administrative status and extensive interaction with local peoples of Nigeria earned him the privilege of witnessing and filming cultural traditions never before or rarely seen by Westerners.

Brinkworth served as a British Officer in Nigeria until 1957 and continued to minister as an advisor to the independent Nigerian nation during its transition to self-government. He then returned to England and pursued work as a broadcaster, documentary filmmaker, photographer, lecturer and writer. In 1961 he published his first novel, Jimmy Riddle [London; Cassell & Company Ltd., 1961], which won the Putnam Award. He went on to publish the novel's sequel, The Black List [London; Cassell & Company Ltd, 1962], and several other books including his 1966 autobiography The One-Eyed Man Is King [London; Cassell & Company Ltd, 1966]. He often wrote under the pseudonym "Ian Brook." Brinkworth also published several articles in The Geographical Magazine and The West African Review.

After retiring, Brinkworth lived in France with his second wife, Marida, from 1981-1991 before returning once again to England. Much of the photographic, film and art objects from his time in Africa were lost in shipment shortly before his death in 2000. The museum received the remainder of the collection through a donation by Marida Brinkworth in 2008.
Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment. Contact Archives staff for more details.
Rights:
Permission to reproduce images from the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives must be obtained in advance. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Beadwork  Search this
Bronzes  Search this
Decoration and ornament  Search this
Hairstyles -- Africa  Search this
Handicraft  Search this
Rites and ceremonies  Search this
Clothing and dress  Search this
Art in situ -- Photographs  Search this
Art objects  Search this
Agriculture  Search this
Kings and rulers  Search this
Masquerades  Search this
Marketplaces  Search this
Religious articles  Search this
Tattooing  Search this
Shrines  Search this
Genre/Form:
Manuscripts
Black-and-white negatives
Publications
Black-and-white photographs
Color transparencies
Photographic prints
Audiotapes
Citation:
William Ian Brinkworth collection, 2008-009, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
EEPA.2008-009
See more items in:
William Ian Brinkworth collection
Archival Repository:
Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, National Museum of African Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/xo7e497fa4d-1c9c-4966-9858-9d7d9d9f3a95
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-eepa-2008-009

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