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George Bird and Elizabeth Curtis Grinnell photograph collection

Creator:
Tuell, Julia E.  Search this
Grinnell, George Bird, 1849-1938  Search this
Extent:
119 Negatives (photographic) (119 glass plate negatives, black and white, 7 x 9 in.)
Culture:
Indians of North America  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Negatives (photographic)
Glass plate negatives
Place:
Northern Cheyenne Tribe of the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation, Montana
Rosebud County (Mont.)
Cheyenne-Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma
Glacier National Park (Mont.)
Lame Deer (Mont.)
Washita County (Okla.)
Date:
1902-1910
Summary:
The core of this photographic collection (1902-1904) was taken during Grinnell's visits among the Northern (Montana, Rosebud County and Rosebud River, Lame Deer) and Southern (Washita County, Oklahoma) Tsitsistas/Suhtai (Cheyenne). The photographs document domestic and daily life on the reservation (especially activies involving women), religious ceremonies, camps and dwellings, and important officials. The attributions of the photographs in this collection are far from certain. While many of these images appear to have been taken by Grinnell himself, a substantial portion were also taken by his wife Elizabeth Curtis Grinnell (b. 1876) and their friend Julia E. Tuell. A very small subset of these images (3) also depicts mountains and vistas in Glacier National Park (Flathead County, Glacier County) Montana.
Arrangement note:
negatives: organized in 6 boxes; arranged numerically by image number
Biographical/Historical note:
George Bird Grinnell, naturalist, conservationist and Indian rights activist, was born into a prominent family in Brooklyn, New York. He attended Yale University, receiving his B.A. in 1870 and a Ph.D. in paleontology in 1880. While at Yale, Grinnell participated in a paleontological expedition to the central Plains, Wyoming and Utah. In 1874 he served as naturalist and paleontologist in Lt. Colonel George Armstrong Custer's Black Hills expedition and, in 1875, was a member of William Ludlow's expedition surveying the Yellowstone. In 1899 Grinnell was a naturalist on Edward H. Harriman Expedition to Alaska. Grinnell's lifelong interest in the west was well established long before he left Yale. In 1876, four years before he earned his Ph.D., Grinnell became the editor-in-chief and soon-to-be owner of Forest and Stream magazine. Under his leadership, it became the country's foremost natural history magazine. Grinnell was the magazine's editor from 1876 until 1911, and he used its pages to help promote the creation of national parks. Grinnell played a pivotal role in the creation of Glacier National Park in 1910.

Grinnell's interest in the west extended to its native inhabitants. He was deeply interested in Plains Indians and, year after year, spent his summers visiting different reservations. He had befriended Frank North and his Pawnee scouts, and accompanied them on buffalo and elk hunts. Grinnell witnessed the destruction of game animals, brought about by commercial hunters, and was cognizant of its impact on Plains Indians' way of life. Grinnell, a prolific writer, authored several books and many articles on Cheyenne, Blackfoot, and Pawnee Indians, the most well-know of which was the two volume work entitled "The Cheyenne Indians: Their History and Way of Life," first published in 1923. Until his death, he remained a staunch supporter of Cheyenne rights.

Grinnell was a founding member of both the Audubon Society and Boone and Crockett Club (with Theodore Roosevelt). He chaired the Council on National Parks, Forests and Wildlife, and was president of the National Parks Association. He was a trustee of the New York Zoological Society. Grinnell was also a prominent member of many other associations, such as the American Association of the Advancement of Science and New York Academy of Science. Grinnell was 89 years old when he died in New York City.
Location of Other Archival Materials Note:
See manuscript items in the Museum of the American Indian/Heye Foundation records at the NMAI Archive Center. See also the George Bird Grinnell photograph collection at the Braun Research Library, Southwest Museum, Autry National Center in Los Angeles.
Restrictions:
Researchers must contact the NMAI Archives for an appointment to access the collection.
Rights:
Some items restricted: Cultural Sensitivity
Genre/Form:
Glass plate negatives
Identifier:
NMAI.AC.140
Archival Repository:
National Museum of the American Indian
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmai-ac-140

William R. Pywell photographs from the Yellowstone Expedition

Photographer:
Pywell, Wm. R. (William Redish), 1843-1886  Search this
Depicted:
Bloody Knife, approximately 1840-1876  Search this
Custer, George Armstrong, 1839-1876  Search this
Extent:
13 Photographic prints (silver gelatin contact prints)
10 Glass negatives (collodion stereo negatives)
Culture:
Hunkpapa Lakota (Hunkpapa Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographic prints
Glass negatives
Photographs
Date:
1873
Summary:
Photographs made by William R. Pywell documenting the Yellowstone Expedition of 1873. They comprise images of the expedition's camps, transportation, and members including George Armstrong Custer and Bloody Knife. The collection contains images of human remains.
Scope and Contents note:
Stereoscopic photographs made by William R. Pywell documenting the Yellowstone Expedition of 1873. They comprise images of the expedition's camps, transportation, and members including George Armstrong Custer and Bloody Knife.
Biographical/Historical note:
William Redish Pywell (1843-1886) received photographic training from Alexander Gardner and worked as a photographer in a Washington, D.C., studio owned by Matthew Brady during and after the Civil War. After opening his own studio in Washington, Pywell became official photographer for the Yellowstone Expedition in 1873.
Historical Note:
Comprised primarily of US Army cavalry and infantry, the Yellowstone Expedition of 1873 was organized to escort and protect the Northern Pacific Railroad Survey. Colonel David S. Stanley led the expedition, with Lieutenant Commander George Armstrong Custer second in command. The War Department also charged Stanley with exploring the region and reporting back on the natural features and resources. As such, a small scientific corps consisting of a paleontologist, geologist, mineralogist, zoologist, botanist, photographer (Pywell), and artist accompanied the expedition. The party set out to Yellowstone from Fort Rice in Dakota Territory in June of 1873, returning in September.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The National Archives holds Pywell negatives transferred by the BAE circa 1948 (Record Group 106) and the E. Marshall Pywell Photographic Collection, circa 1874 - circa 1975. Additional records of the Yellowstone Expedition can be found in Record Group 391 and 393.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.

The collection contains images of human remains.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Arikara Indians  Search this
Covered wagons  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo Lot 166, William R. Pywell photographs from the Yellowstone Expedition, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.166
See more items in:
William R. Pywell photographs from the Yellowstone Expedition
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-166
Online Media:

William Henry Holmes artists' files

Creator:
Holmes, William Henry, 1846-1933  Search this
Names:
Smithsonian American Art Museum  Search this
Washington Water Color Club (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Brooke, Richard Norris, 1847-1920  Search this
Closson, William Baxter Palmer, 1848-1926  Search this
Fraser, James Earle, 1876-1953  Search this
Johnston, Reuben Le Grand, 1850-1914  Search this
La Farge, John, 1835-1910  Search this
Melchers, Gari, 1860-1932  Search this
Messer, Edmund Clarence, 1842-1919  Search this
Moran, Thomas, 1837-1926  Search this
Moser, James Henry, 1854-1913  Search this
Nichols, Hobart, 1869-1962  Search this
Oakley, Violet, 1874-1961  Search this
Pennell, Joseph, 1857-1926  Search this
Ream, Vinnie, 1847-1914  Search this
Sharp, Joseph Henry, 1859-1953  Search this
Walcott, Mary Vaux, 1860-1940  Search this
Weller, Carl F., 1853-1920  Search this
Weyl, Max, 1837-1914  Search this
Wiles, Irving Ramsay, 1861-1948  Search this
Zolnay, George Julian, 1862 or 1863-1949  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Sketches
Place:
Museum directors -- Washington (D.C.)
Date:
1879-1955
Summary:
The artists' files of William Henry Holmes, curator and director of the Smithsonian's National Collection of Fine Arts (now the Smithsonian American Art Museum) in Washington, D.C., measure 0.2 linear feet and date from 1879 to 1955. The artists' files consist mostly of correspondence, but also include a few photographs, artwork in the form of sketches, and printed material. There is also one file relating to Holmes' affiliation with the Washington Water Color Club.
Scope and Contents:
The artists' files of William Henry Holmes, curator and director of the Smithsonian's National Collection of Fine Arts (now the Smithsonian American Art Museum) in Washington, D.C., measure 0.2 linear feet and date from 1879 to 1955. The artists' files consist mostly of correspondence, but also include a few photographs, artwork in the form of sketches, and printed material. There is also one file relating to Holmes' affiliation with the Washington Water Color Club.

Notable artists represented in the files include R.N. Brooke, William B. P. Closson, James Earle Fraser, Vinnie Ream Hoxie, Reuben Le Grand Johnston, John LaFarge, Gari Melchers, Thomas Moran, Henry Moser, Hobart Nichols, Violet Oakley, Joseph Pennell, Joseph Henry Sharp, Mary Vaux Walcott, Carl F. Weller, Max Weyl, Irving R. Wiles and George Julian Zolnay.
Arrangement:
This collection is arranged as 1 series.

Series 1: Artists' Files, 1879-1955 (0.2 linear feet; Box 1)
Biographical / Historical:
William Henry Holmes (1846-1933) was a curator, museum director, artist, scientific illustrator, archaeologist, geologist, and anthropologist. He served in various positions in the Smithsonian Institution, and finally as director of the Smithsonian's National Gallery of Art (now the Smithsonian American Art Museum) from 1920-1932.

Holmes was born in Harrison County, Ohio in 1846. In 1870, he graduated from McNeely Normal School in Ohio and, after a short time of teaching at that school, moved to Washington, D.C. in 1871 to study art under Theodore Kaufmann. Thanks to his artistic skills, he was soon hired by Smithsonian paleontologist Francis B. Meek to do scientific drawings. In 1872, Holmes joined the geological survey of Ferdinand Vandeveer Hayden, as an artist and topographer of the survey of Yellowstone National Park and surrounding area, and other regions in the west. In 1879, Holmes went to work for the newly founded U.S. Geological Survey. There he worked as a geologist and chief of scientific illustration. In addition to art and geology, his interests and expertise expanded into archaeology and anthropology.

Holmes worked as chief curator at the Field Columbian Museum (now the Field Museum of Natural History) in Chicago before returning to the Smithsonian in 1897, where he served as curator of anthropology and chief of the Bureau of American Ethnology. In 1910, he became chairman of the Division of Anthropology. In 1920, Holmes became director of the Smithsonian Institution's National Gallery of Art (now the Smithsonian American Art Museum), a position he held until 1932. William Henry Holmes died one year later.
Related Materials:
Collections about William Henry Holmes are also located at other Smithsonian Institution archival units, including the National Anthropological Archives and Smithsonian Institution Archives.
Provenance:
These files were transferred from the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American Art Library (now the Smithsonian American Art Museum) to the Archives of American Art in two installments in 1981 and 1992.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Curators -- Washington (D.C.)  Search this
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
Artists -- United States  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Sketches
Citation:
William Henry Holmes artists' files, 1879-1955. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.holmwill
See more items in:
William Henry Holmes artists' files
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-holmwill
Online Media:

Copy of Frank A. Bowman portrait of Red Cloud and Othniel Charles Marsh

Creator:
Bowman, Frank A.  Search this
Names:
Marsh, Othniel Charles, 1831-1899  Search this
Red Cloud, 1822-1909  Search this
Extent:
1 Copy print
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Great Plains  Search this
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Copy prints
Photographs
Date:
1883
Scope and Contents note:
Copy of a studio portrait depicting Red Cloud presenting a headdress and pipe to Othniel Charles Marsh. The portrait was made at Frank A. Bowman's studio in New Haven, Connecticut, on January 22, 1883.
Biographical/Historical note:
Othniel Charles Marsh (1831-1899) was a well-known paleontologist who met Red Cloud (1822-1909) in 1874. While doing fieldwork for the Red Cloud Agency, Marsh assisted Red Cloud in encouraging Indian agent Dr. John J. Saville, a physician accused of graft, to resign from the agency. In 1883, Red Cloud visited Marsh at the Peabody Museum of Yale University, at which time they visited Frank Augustus Bowman (1847-1911), a commercial photographer in New Haven from about 1878-1900.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot R79-49
Reproduction Note:
Copy print made, probably by John Canfield Ewers, 1979.
Location of Other Archival Materials:
The Peabody Museum holds the headdress and pipe pictured, as well as other photographs made during the same event.
Additional photographs of Red Cloud can be found in the National Anthropological Archives in MS 4559, MS 4598, MS 4754, Photo Lot 87-2P, Photo Lot 90-1, Photo Lot 2001-14, and the BAE historical negatives.
Papers relating to Marsh can be found in the Smithsonian Institution Archives in SIA RU000248, SIA RS00251, and SIA AH00049.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
This print was obtained for reference purposes only and cannot be reproduced for researchers.
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot R79-49, Copy of Frank A. Bowman portrait of Red Cloud and Othniel Charles Marsh, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.R79-49
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-r79-49

James A. Jensen photographs of Vladimir Kozak art and artifacts and Chief Joseph lithograph

Creator:
Jensen, James A., 1918- (collector and photographer)  Search this
Names:
Joseph, (Nez Percé Chief), 1840-1904  Search this
Artist:
Kozák, Vladimir, 1897-1979  Search this
Extent:
1 Lithograph
1 Watercolor
95 Color slides
Culture:
Indians of North America -- Plateau  Search this
Yawalapiti  Search this
Wauja (Waurá)  Search this
Suya Indians  Search this
Mehináku (Mehinacu)  Search this
Indians of South America -- Brazil  Search this
Xavánte (Shavante)  Search this
Timbira Indians  Search this
Niimíipuu (Nez Perce)  Search this
Mebêngôkre (Kayapó/Cayapo)  Search this
Kuikúro (Kuikuro)  Search this
Apalakiri (Apalakire)  Search this
Kamayurá (Camayura)  Search this
Ka'apor  Search this
Héta Indians  Search this
Borôro (Bororo)  Search this
Karajá (Caraja)  Search this
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Lithographs
Watercolor
Color slides
Watercolors
Photographs
Date:
circa 1965-1974
Scope and Contents note:
The bulk of the collection is comprised of images of paintings by Vladimir Kozak and his artifacts relating to Brazilian tribes, photographed by James A. Jensen at Kozak's home in Curitaba, Brazil, in September 1965. It also includes a watercolor image of body decoration at a ceremony held by the upper Xingu River tibes of Central Brazil. Additionally, there is one lithograph poster of a J. A. Jensen painting of Chief Joseph, dated 1974.
Biographical/Historical note:
James A. Jensen (1918-1998) was a paleontologist and Director of the Earth Sciences Museum at Brigham Young University (BYU). While at BYU, he conducted fieldwork in both North and South America, at which point he may have met Vladimir Kozak. He created pastel and acrylic artwork, particularly of flowers, landscapes, and Native Americans.

Artist Vladimir Kozak was trained in Czechoslovakia in mechanical engineering, sculpture, and painting. In 1923, he immigrated to Brazil. As Kozak's interest in the Indigenous tribes of Brazil grew, he increasingly focused on painting and sculpting, particularly during the 1940s and 1950s. He also became a still photographer, film maker, and collector of Indigenous artifacts.
Local Call Number(s):
NAA Photo Lot 79-1
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research.

Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Rights:
Contact the repository for terms of use.
Topic:
Body painting  Search this
Genre/Form:
Lithographs
Watercolors
Photographs
Citation:
Photo lot 79-1, James A. Jensen photographs of Vladimir Kozak art and artifacts and Chief Joseph lithograph, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
NAA.PhotoLot.79-1
Archival Repository:
National Anthropological Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-naa-photolot-79-1

Reading the Tree Leaves: Prehistoric Climate Change and Why It Matters Today

Creator:
Smithsonian Education  Search this
Type:
Lesson Plans
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2009-11-12T21:33:25.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Education  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianEducation
Data Source:
Smithsonian Education
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianEducation
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_OfVxAgBrbCw

Prehistoric Climate Change: Doing the Math

Creator:
Smithsonian Education  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2009-11-13T15:10:21.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Education  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianEducation
Data Source:
Smithsonian Education
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianEducation
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_m3GqM4Hv8i4

Did the T-Rex Have Feathers? [Live Highlight]

Creator:
Smithsonian Channel  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2019-06-15T01:53:31.000Z
YouTube Category:
Entertainment  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianchannel
Data Source:
Smithsonian Channel
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianchannel
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_0hFzdH6CghQ

"What Would Cause a Bird to Be Flightless" [Live Highlight]

Creator:
Smithsonian Channel  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2019-06-15T02:08:21.000Z
YouTube Category:
Entertainment  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianchannel
Data Source:
Smithsonian Channel
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianchannel
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_9ToDSVTO6KI

“I Hear the Collection Has Some Giant Ground Sloth Dung" [Live Highlight]

Creator:
Smithsonian Channel  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2019-06-15T02:10:30.000Z
YouTube Category:
Entertainment  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianchannel
Data Source:
Smithsonian Channel
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianchannel
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_NFnFqskscqc

🔴Live at the Museum: Stepping Through Deep Time

Creator:
Smithsonian Channel  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2019-06-15T02:33:00.000Z
YouTube Category:
Entertainment  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianchannel
Data Source:
Smithsonian Channel
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianchannel
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_tc9CDwitxtE

A Tour of 3D Visualizations

Creator:
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2020-01-29T15:00:15.000Z
YouTube Category:
Science & Technology  Search this
Topic:
Astronomy  Search this
See more by:
cxcpub
Data Source:
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory
YouTube Channel:
cxcpub
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_wIMB-D9l3I0

Time Travel With Smithsonian Paleontologist: Nick Pyenson

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2016-10-19T15:06:08.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
See more by:
SmithsonianVideos
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution
YouTube Channel:
SmithsonianVideos
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_-JbCaWoAs2w

Dinosaurs Alive! in IMAX 3D

Creator:
Smithsonian Institution  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2016-06-23T13:59:48.000Z
YouTube Category:
Film & Animation  Search this
See more by:
smithsoniantheaters
Data Source:
Smithsonian Institution
YouTube Channel:
smithsoniantheaters
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_00LsqIkuAn8

Montana State University: An interview with paleontologist Jack Horner

Creator:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage  Search this
Type:
Interviews
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2012-07-24T15:44:01.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Cultural property  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianfolklife
Data Source:
Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianfolklife
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_gKvyFMuwQs8

How do paleontologists identify dinosaur teeth?

Creator:
National Museum of Natural History  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2012-02-10T15:15:14.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Natural History  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianNMNH
Data Source:
National Museum of Natural History
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianNMNH
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_1GiqIhLAFPI

How do paleontologists reconstruct environments from the ancient past?

Creator:
National Museum of Natural History  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2012-02-06T21:38:08.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Natural History  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianNMNH
Data Source:
National Museum of Natural History
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianNMNH
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_agJ8_D3JLNg

The Doctor Is In -- Submit Your Dino/Personal/Cat-Related Questions!

Creator:
National Museum of Natural History  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2018-12-26T17:44:09.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Natural History  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianNMNH
Data Source:
National Museum of Natural History
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianNMNH
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_-5kr1BkZ8oI

What Tiny Fossils Explain about Big Dinosaur Ecosystems with Dr. Matthew Carrano

Creator:
National Museum of Natural History  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2017-03-13T17:48:17.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Natural History  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianNMNH
Data Source:
National Museum of Natural History
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianNMNH
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_-fILzW5dOnc

How Fossils Explain the Rise of Dinosaurs with Dr. Hans Sues

Creator:
National Museum of Natural History  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2017-03-13T17:48:19.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Natural History  Search this
See more by:
smithsonianNMNH
Data Source:
National Museum of Natural History
YouTube Channel:
smithsonianNMNH
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_4RU9S7KqACc

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