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Oral history interview with John Wilde, 1979

Interviewee:
Wilde, John, 1919-2006  Search this
Wilde, John, 1919-2006  Search this
Interviewer:
Danoff, Michael  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century  Search this
Painters -- Wisconsin -- Evansville -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12438
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)213193
AAA_collcode_wilde79
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_213193
Online Media:

Oral history interview with John Wilde

Interviewee:
Wilde, John, 1919-2006  Search this
Interviewer:
Danoff, Michael  Search this
Extent:
95 Pages (Transcript)
62 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1979
Scope and Contents:
An interview of John Wilde conducted 1979, by Michael Danoff, for the Archives of American Art.
Biographical / Historical:
John Wilde (1919-2006) was a painter and educator from Evansville, Wisconsin.
General:
Originally recorded on 3 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 6 digital wav files. Duration is 3 hr., 45 min.
Provenance:
These interviews are part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and others.
Occupation:
Art teachers -- Wisconsin -- Evansville -- Interviews  Search this
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century  Search this
Painters -- Wisconsin -- Evansville -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.wilde79
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-wilde79
Online Media:

Wisconsin Painters and Sculptors records, 1900-1973

Creator:
Wisconsin Painters & Sculptors Inc.  Search this
Wisconsin Painters & Sculptors Inc.  Search this
Subject:
Hicks, Morley  Search this
Wisconsin Painters & Sculptors, Inc  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- Wisconsin  Search this
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century -- Wisconsin  Search this
Theme:
Communities, Organizations, Museums  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9356
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211552
AAA_collcode_wiscpain
Theme:
Communities, Organizations, Museums
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211552

Wisconsin Painters and Sculptors records

Names:
Wisconsin Painters & Sculptors, Inc  Search this
Hicks, Morley, 1877-1959  Search this
Extent:
1.4 Linear feet ((partially microfilmed on 3 reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Date:
1900-1973
Scope and Contents:
Printed material, correspondence, financial and membership material.
REELS D323-D325: Constitutions and by-laws; minutes of meetings; membership lists; correspondence; bills, receipts, a sales ledger, and contracts; exhibition material; clippings; newsletters; Morley Hicks' notebooks; and WPA material.
UNMICROFILMED: A constitution and by-laws; notices and minutes of meetings; newsletters and other mailings; membership lists; exhibition announcements and catalogs, clippings, and 3 scrapbooks about Wisconsin artists.
Biographical / Historical:
Art organization; Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
Provenance:
Material on reels D323-D325 lent for microfilming by Wisconsin Painters and Sculptors, 1968. Unmicrofilmed material donated 1974 by Edward R. Farber, whose mother, Elfie, organized the material for the society.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Painters -- Wisconsin  Search this
Sculptors -- Wisconsin  Search this
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- Wisconsin  Search this
Sculpture, Modern -- 20th century -- Wisconsin  Search this
Function:
Arts organizations -- Wisconsin
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Identifier:
AAA.wiscpain
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-wiscpain

Mark Tobey papers, [ca. 1920]-1977

Creator:
Tobey, Mark, 1890-1976  Search this
Tobey, Mark, 1890-1976  Search this
Subject:
Feininger, Lyonel  Search this
Hallsten, Pehr  Search this
Hauberg, Anne Gould  Search this
Hauberg, John H. (John Henry)  Search this
Hillman, Kay  Search this
Holty, Carl  Search this
Leach, Bernard  Search this
Ritter, Mark  Search this
Rivera, Diego  Search this
Seliger, Charles  Search this
Willard, Marian  Search this
Ashton, Dore  Search this
Dahl, Arthur L.  Search this
Elmhirst, Dorothy Payne Whitney Straight  Search this
Willard Gallery  Search this
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- History  Search this
Bahai Faith  Search this
Theme:
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)13471
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)212089
AAA_collcode_tobemark2
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_212089

Carl Holty papers, circa 1860s-1972, bulk 1940-1967

Creator:
Holty, Carl, 1900-1973  Search this
Holty, Carl, 1900-1973  Search this
Subject:
Hiler, Hilaire  Search this
Byrne, Charles B.  Search this
Bearden, Romare  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Interviews
Photograph albums
Topic:
Painting -- Study and teaching  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Theme:
Diaries  Search this
Lives of American Artists  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9019
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211208
AAA_collcode_holtcarl
Theme:
Diaries
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211208
Online Media:

Carl Holty papers

Creator:
Holty, Carl, 1900-1973  Search this
Names:
Bearden, Romare, 1911-1988  Search this
Byrne, Charles B.  Search this
Hiler, Hilaire, 1898-1966  Search this
Extent:
1.8 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Interviews
Photograph albums
Date:
circa 1860s-1972
bulk 1940-1967
Summary:
The Carl Holty papers are dated circa 1860s-1972 (bulk 1940-1967), measure 1.8 linear feet and contain correspondence, writings, printed material and photographs documenting Holty's career as an abstract painter and painting teacher.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of Carl Holty are dated circa 1860s-1972 (bulk 1940-1967), measure 1.8 linear feet and consist of correspondence, writings, printed material and photographs documenting Holty's career as an abstract painter and painting teacher.

Correspondence with Romare Bearden, Charles Byrne and Hilaire Hiler concerns art, exhibitions and reviews, education, and news of mutual friends. Holty's writings include articles, autobiographical writings, unpublished manuscripts of a monograph, Art In America, and an untitled novel. Also found among his writings is a journal which contains his reminiscences of artist friends and acquaintances, and reflections on art, art history, and his life, personal plans and aspirations.

Printed material consists mainly of clippings about or mentioning Holty, and reviews and publicity relating to The Painter's Mind, a book Holty wrote with Romare Bearden. Miscellaneous records consist of a transcript of an interview with Carl Holty and an identification card issued to his father.

Photographs are of artwork, people and places. Also included are 6 photograph albums of Holty's artwork, and a small number of negatives. The people pictured are mainly Holty, friends and family. There is also a group photograph that includes Joan Miró.
Arrangement note:
The collection is arranged as 5 series:

Series 1: Correspondence, 1940-1972 (Box 1; 5 folders)

Series 2: Writings, 1944-1967 (Box 1; 0.6 linear ft.)

Series 3: Printed Material, 1931-1972 (Box 1; 5 folders)

Series 4: Miscellaneous Records, 1900, 1966 (Box 1; 2 folders)

Series 5: Photographs, circa 1860s-1972 (Boxes 1-3; 0.9 linear ft.)
Biographical/Historical note:
Carl Holty was born in 1900 to American parents in Freiburg, Germany, where his father was studying medicine. Carl was still an infant when the family returned to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, where they lived with his grandparents in a traditional German neighborhood. It was Carl's grandfather who first introduced him to art through visits to a small local commercial gallery.

After showing an interest in being an artist at around age 12, Holty began taking lessons with a local painter. As a teenager he began drawing cartoons and soon set his sights on becoming a poster artist. With that in mind, Holty enrolled at the Art Institute of Chicago in 1919. He soon headed to New York and took courses at the Parsons School of Design and then at the National Academy of Design. In 1923 he returned to Milwaukee and opened a portrait painting studio.

Holty married in 1925 and took his bride to Europe, remaining abroad for the next decade. He entered Hans Hofmann's school in Munich in 1926, and exposure to Hofmann's ideas about color, space, and form greatly influenced and transformed his work. In 1927, the Holtys relocated to Switzerland in search of treatment for Mrs. Holty's tuberculosis. Holty and Hofmann remained in touch, and while in Switzerland, Holty increasingly incorporated Hofmann's teachings into his paintings as they grew more abstract in style.

After his wife's death in 1930, Holty moved to Paris for five years where he participated in several exhibitions and his work was well-received. Robert Delaunay invited him to join Abstration-Création, and the group published some of Holty's work in its magazine.

Upon returning to the United States in 1935, Holty settled in New York City where he eventually remarried and had a daughter. He renewed friendships with Hans Hofmann, Vaclav Vytlacil, and Stuart Davis, whom he had known in Paris. A figure in vanguard art circles, Holty was involved in meetings that resulted in the formation of the American Abstract Artists, and in 1938 he served as the group's chairman.

Holty taught drawing and paining at Brooklyn College from 1950 until his retirement in 1970, when he was designated Professor Emeritus. His years at Brooklyn College were punctuated by brief stints as a visiting instructor at the Art Students League, Washington University (St. Louis), and University of Louisville; he served as artist-in-residence at the universities of Georgia, Florida, California (Berkeley), and Wisconsin, and the Corcoran School of Art.

He exhibited widely at major museums throughout the United States including: the San Francisco Art Museum, Seattle Art Museum, Whitney Museum of American Art, Carnegie Institute, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Museum of Modern Art, and the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum. Holty's work was shown at major New York galleries such as J. B. Neumann, Samuel Kootz Gallery, and Graham Gallery, and is in the permanent collections of many museums including: Addison Gallery of American Art, Brooklyn Museum, Butler Institute of Art, Carnegie Institute, Smithsonian American Art Museum, and the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum.

Carl Holty died March 22, 1973 in New York City, after a short illness.
Related Archival Materials note:
Six interviews with Carl Holty (in addition to the one described in this finding aid) are available at the Archives of American Art. Three are oral histories conducted by the Archives of American Art, 1964-1968. The others are parts of interview collections accessioned by the Archives: Interviews relating to American Abstract Artists (Ruth Bowman), Anne Bowen Parsons collection of Interviews on Art, and Collette Roberts Interviews with Artists.

In addition, substantial correspondence with Carl Holty is included among the Hilaire Hiler papers and Romare Bearden papers owned by the Archives of American Art.
Separated Materials note:
The Archives of American Art also holds microfilm of material lent for microfilming (reels N68-93 and N68-105), much of which was subsequently donated. Loaned material that was not later donated includes Holty's letters to his wife, Elizabeth, and daughter, Antonia, letters to Zoe Dusanne, letters from Ulfert Wilkie and Erwin Breithaupt, a small amount of general correspondence, and a typescript copy of Holty's journal. This material remains with the lender and is not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
The Carl Holty papers were donated in increments between 1972 and 2006. The bulk of the papers were originally loaned in 1968, and later donated by Holty in 1972. Charles Byrne, a friend of Holty, donated a small amount of correspondence, printed material, and photographs in 1976-1977; family photographs were given by Holty's biographer, Virginia Liles, in 2006.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Painting -- Study and teaching  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Interviews
Photograph albums
Citation:
Carl Holty papers, circa 1860s-1972 (bulk 1940-1967). Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.holtcarl
See more items in:
Carl Holty papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-holtcarl
Online Media:

Mark Tobey papers

Creator:
Tobey, Mark  Search this
Names:
Willard Gallery  Search this
Ashton, Dore  Search this
Dahl, Arthur L., 1942-  Search this
Elmhirst, Dorothy Payne Whitney Straight  Search this
Feininger, Lyonel, 1871-1956  Search this
Hallsten, Pehr, d. 1965  Search this
Hauberg, Anne Gould  Search this
Hauberg, John H. (John Henry), 1916-  Search this
Hillman, Kay  Search this
Holty, Carl, 1900-1973  Search this
Leach, Bernard, 1887-1979  Search this
Ritter, Mark  Search this
Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957  Search this
Seliger, Charles, 1926-2009  Search this
Willard, Marian, 1904-  Search this
Extent:
11 Microfilm reels
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Microfilm reels
Date:
[ca. 1920]-1977
Scope and Contents:
Biographical material; correspondence; financial records; Baha'i material; music; writings; art works; printed material; and photographs.
Biographical material includes diaries with sporadic entries, undated and 1958-1959; address books; membership cards, and honorary titles. Correspondents include Stephen Andrus, Dore Ashton, Arthur G. Barnett, John and Betty Bowen, Adelyn Breeskin, Cliffa Carson (niece), Thomas A. Chew, Lillian Clark, Paul Cummings, Arthur Dahl, Shoghi B. Effendi, Dorothy Elmhirst, Claire Falkenstein, Lyonel Feininger, Janet Flanner, John Ford,Miriam Gabo, Colin Graham, Pehr Hallsten, Pamela Harkins, Nina Harwood, John and Anne Hauberg, Kay Hillman, Joseph Hirshhorn, David Hofman, Carl Holty, Herbert Hoover, Leroy and Silvia Ioas, Berthe P. and Claire Jacobson, Nina Kandinsky, Helen Kendall, Carolyn Kizer, Katharine Kuh,Rene Lauby, Bernard Leach, Gerald Lieberman, Andre Masson, Marjory Masten, George Mathieu, N. Richard Miller, Joan Miro, Axel Mondell, Alfred Neumeyer, Ben Nicholson, Vincent Price, Mark Ritter, Diego Rivera, Nancy W. Ross, John Russell, Henry Seldis, Charles Seliger, Otto Seligman, Art Smith, James Speyer, Michel Tapie, Miriam Terry, Roland Terry, Juliet Thompson, Kenneth Tyler, Charmion Von Wiegand, Heloise Wardall, Ulfert Wilke, and Marian Willard of the Willard Gallery.
Also found are: notes taken while studying French; financial, legal and medical records; material relating to Baha'i, including credential for Tobey for the Baha'i World Congress, 1963, class notes, photographs, prayer books, and printed material; music, including sheet music by Tobey, recital program, and music by Harold Budd, John Sundsten,and Debussey; writings and poetry by Tobey and Dahl; writings on Tobey; a transcript of an interview of Tobey conducted by William Seitz; sketches and sketchbooks by Tobey and by others, including Bernard Leach; printed material on Tobey, including reproductions of work, exhibition catalogs and announcements, magazine articles, and clippings; and printed material on others, including Hallsten, Leach, Seliger, Feininger, Abraham Walkowitz, Alberto Burri, and Jules Pascin.
Also included are photographs of: Tobey, Tobey with family and friends, exhibition installations, works of art, an album containing photos, sketches and notes, ca. 1920-1950, an album of photos of Tobey's Seattle studio taken after his death by Kenneth Tomlinson, 1976, and miscellaneous photographs.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter; Abstract Expressionist. Also worked as fashion illustrator, portrait painter. Born in Wisconsin, December 11, 1892. Died 1976. Worked in Chicago, Seattle, Basel, Switzerland; New York, N.Y., Dartington Hall, Devonshire, England, and Paris. Convert to Baha'i religion.
Provenance:
Lent for microfilming 1984 by the Seattle Art Museum.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Painters -- Washington (State) -- Seattle  Search this
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- History  Search this
Bahai Faith  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.tobemark2
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-tobemark2

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