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Alexander Brook papers, 1900-1982

Creator:
Brook, Alexander, 1898-1980  Search this
Subject:
Bacon, Peggy  Search this
Biddle, George  Search this
Brett, Catherine  Search this
Covarrubias, Miguel  Search this
Pollock, Jackson  Search this
Spencer, Niles  Search this
Knee, Gina  Search this
Bouché, Louis  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Watercolors
Sketches
Transcriptions
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Interviews
Etchings
Illustrations
Topic:
Post-impressionism (Art) -- United States -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)6833
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)208960
AAA_collcode_brooalex
Theme:
Diaries
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_208960
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Andree Ruellan, 1990 January 27-1991 July 22

Interviewee:
Ruellan, Andrée, 1905-2006  Search this
Interviewer:
Kachur, Lewis  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century  Search this
Women painters -- Interviews  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)12045
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)214979
AAA_collcode_ruella90
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_oh_214979

Oral history interview with Andree Ruellan

Interviewee:
Ruellan, Andrée, 1905-2006  Search this
Interviewer:
Kachur, Lewis  Search this
Extent:
285 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
1990 January 27-1991 July 22
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Andree Ruellan conducted 1990 Jan. 27-1991 July 22, by Lewis Kachur, for the Archives of American Art.
Ruellan discusses her studies in Europe; her life at Woodstock (artist colony, Woodstock, N.Y.); the 1930's; and the development of her work. She recalls Maurice Stern, William Hunt Diederich, Alexander Calder, Jules Pascin, Stuart Davis, John Taylor, Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Carl Zigrosser, Elsie Driggs and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Andrée Ruellan (1905-2006) was a painter from New York.
General:
Originally recorded on 7 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 12 digital wav files. Duration is 8 hr., 2 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators. Funding for this interview was provided by the John Sloan Memorial Foundation.
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century  Search this
Women painters -- Interviews  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York -- Interviews  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.ruella90
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-ruella90

Alexander Brook papers

Creator:
Brook, Alexander, 1898-1980  Search this
Names:
Bacon, Peggy, 1895-1987  Search this
Biddle, George, 1885-1973  Search this
Bouché, Louis, 1896-1969  Search this
Brett, Catherine  Search this
Covarrubias, Miguel, 1904-1957  Search this
Knee, Gina, 1898-1982  Search this
Pollock, Jackson, 1912-1956  Search this
Spencer, Niles, 1893-1952  Search this
Extent:
4.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Watercolors
Sketches
Transcriptions
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Interviews
Etchings
Illustrations
Date:
1900-1982
Summary:
The papers of painter Alexander Brook measure 4.3 linear feet and date from 1900-1982. Found within the papers are biographical material; personal and professional correspondence; writings; personal business records; printed material; scrapbooks; artwork; and photographs of Brook, his family and friends, and his work.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of painter Alexander Brook measure 4.3 linear feet and date from 1900-1982. Found within the papers are biographical material; personal and professional correspondence; writings; personal business records; printed material; scrapbooks; artwork; and photographs of Brook, his family and friends, and his work.

Biographical materials include an address book, award certificates, curriculum vitae, marriage and divorce documents, passports, biographical information on Brook's wife, Gina Knee Brook, and 4 interview transcripts.

Correspondence is primarily with Brook's family, friends, fellow artists, and business associates discussing personal relationships, teaching opportunities, art sales, and exhibitions. Included in this series are letters to Brook's second wife, Gina Knee Brook. Additional correspondents include Brook's children, Belinda and Sandy (Alexander) Brook, Peggy Bacon, artists Niles Spencer and George Biddle, and writer Haniel Long.

Writings by Brook consist of reminiscences, 6 essays, a lecture, a memorium to Catherine Brett, 6 short stories, 2 notebooks, and miscellaneous notes. Writings by others consist of a notebook by Mrs. Beeton containing humorous recipes, an essay, 2 memoirs, poetry, and a short story from unknown authors.

Personal business records include sales invoices, tax returns noting income from sales of artwork, and receipts for various art supplies.

Printed material includes brochures, chapbooks, clippings, city guides, exhibition announcements and catalogs, periodicals, and miscellaneous printed material.

There are two scrapbooks, a clippings scrapbook titled Unstruggling Artist, and an untitled scrapbook containing clippings and interspersed with correspondence, catalogs, and photographs.

Artwork consists of ink, pencil, and pen sketches; etchings and 2 etching plates; mixed media illustrations; and watercolors by unknown artists. There are also 9 sketchbooks, most likely by Alexander Brook, and a drawing by Miguel Covarrubius.

Photographs are of people, exhibition installations, and works of art. These include childhood photos of Alexander Brook and Gina Knee Brook, photos of the Brooks together in Savannah, Georgia and Sag Harbor, Long Island, as well as photos of Alexander Brook with friends, an artist model, at home, and in various studios. There are also photos of Peggy Bacon, Louis Bouché, Niles Spencer, and Jackson Pollock. Exhibition installations include a show at the Carnegie Institution and unidentified one man shows.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 8 series.

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1907-1979 (14 folders; Box 1)

Series 2: Correspondence, circa 1930-1975 (0.6 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 3: Writings, circa 1921-1975 (0.5 linear feet; Box 1-2)

Series 4: Personal Business Records, circa 1931-1982 (0.3 linear feet; Box 2)

Series 5: Printed Material, 1918-1982 (1.4 linear feet; Box 2-3)

Series 6: Scrapbooks, circa 1935-1975 (0.4 linear feet; Box 3, 5)

Series 7: Artwork, circa 1935-1975 (0.4 linear feet; Box 4)

Series 8: Photographs, circa 1900-1980 (0.6 linear feet; Box 4)
Biographical / Historical:
Alexander Brook (1898-1980) was a painter and art instructor who lived and worked in Woodstock, Sag Harbor, and New York City, New York, and Savannah, Georgia.

Brook was born in Brooklyn, New York to Russian immigrants Eudoxia Gelescu and Onufri Brook. After contracting polio at the age of twelve, he remained bed-ridden for a year and his formal schooling was suspended. At this time, he began to show an interest in art and began receiving his first lessons in painting. In 1914, he enrolled in the Art Students League where he won scholarships and cultivated friendships with other art students, including Louis Bouché, Niles Spencer, and Peggy Bacon, whom he married in 1920.

Brook and Bacon's two children, Belinda and Alexander Bacon Brook, were born in 1920 and 1922, and the couple divided their time between a summer house in Woodstock and a series of apartments in New York City. Their circle of artist friends included the Bouchés, Niles Spencer, Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Andrew Dasburg, and many of the other artists who lived and worked in Woodstock. Brook and Bacon continued to produce art, with Brook focusing on his painting, and Bacon publishing her illustrations and prints in nationally syndicated magazines.

In the 1920s, Brook also wrote articles for The Arts and caught the attention of Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney. She invited him to promote and organize exhibits for her Whitney Studio Club, and from 1923 to 1927, he worked as assistant director of the Club, which was later to become the Whitney Museum of Art. By the late 1920s, Brook's realist paintings of landscapes, still lifes, and posed figures of women were gaining wide recognition and he was given his first retrospective at the Art Institute of Chicago in 1929, at the age of thirty-one. In the early 1930s, within the span of three years, Brook exhibited one man shows at the ACA, Valentine, Charles Daniel, and Downtown Galleries in New York City, and received a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1931.

In 1938, Brook moved to Savannah, Georgia and began visiting and painting realist scenes based on visits to the city's oldest black neighborhoods. When Brook's marriage with Bacon ended in 1940, he continued to live in Savannah with his second wife, Libby Berger. After his second marriage ended, he returned to New York in 1942 to teach at the Art Students League and, during World War II, served as a correspondent and artist for the Army based out of Panama.

In 1944, Brook returned to Savannah with his third wife, the artist Gina Knee Brook. Through the mid-1940s, Brook continued to exhibit his works, primarily through the Rehn Gallery, contributed articles and essays to art journals, and was commissioned to paint two covers for the Saturday Evening Post. In 1948, the Brooks purchased and moved to their last home in Sag Harbor, Long Island. Believing realist work was no longer well received in critical and contemporary art circles, Brook slowly retreated from the art world, exhibiting his last solo show at Knoedler Galleries in 1952, and retiring from painting in 1966. Brook died on February 26, 1980.
Related Materials:
The Archives of American Art holds an oral history interview with Alexander Brook conducted by Paul Cummings, July 7-8, 1977. There is also substantial correspondence from Alexander Brook in the Peggy Bacon papers.
Separated Materials:
The photocopied typescript, "Myself and Others," was microfilmed upon receipt and is available on reel 3928.
Provenance:
The bulk of the papers were donated in several accretions by his Brook's wife, Gina Knee Brook, from 1981 to 1982. In 1982, she loaned a scrapbook for microfilming, which was later donated to the archives by Brook's son, Sandy Brook, in 1994. In 1985 and 1986, the Whitney Museum and Eloise Spaeth each donated a copy of Brook's typescript "Myself and Others."
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Alexander Brook papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Post-impressionism (Art) -- United States -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Watercolors
Sketches
Transcriptions
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Interviews
Etchings
Illustrations
Citation:
Alexander Brook papers, 1900-1982. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.brooalex
See more items in:
Alexander Brook papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-brooalex

Katherine Schmidt papers

Creator:
Schmidt, Katherine, 1898-1978  Search this
Extent:
0.2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Date:
circa 1921-1971
Summary:
The papers of painter and arts advocate Katherine Schmidt measure 0.2 linear feet and date from circa 1921 to 1971. Scattered correspondence, speeches, proposals, meeting minutes, and notes focus primarily on Schmidt's advocacy for federal and state government support of the arts. Printed materials includes exhibition catalogs, clippings, press releases documenting Schmidt's painting career and arts advocacy work. Photographs include portrait photos of Schmidt and photographs of Schmidt's drawings. There are two photographs taken by her first husband Yasuo Kuniyoshi of Schmidt with friends at a party.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of painter and arts advocate Katherine Schmidt measure 0.2 linear feet and date from circa 1921 to 1971. Scattered correspondence, speeches, proposals, meeting minutes, and notes focus primarily on Schmidt's advocacy for federal and state government support of the arts. Printed materials includes exhibition catalogs, clippings, press releases documenting Schmidt's painting career and arts advocacy work. Photographs include portrait photos of Schmidt and photographs of Schmidt's drawings. There are two photographs taken by her first husband Yasuo Kuniyoshi of Schmidt with friends at a party. The papers contain little documentation of Kuniyoshi or their marriage.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged into 4 series:

Series 1: Correspondence, 1939-1951, 1961 (Box 1; 3 folders)

Series 2: Business Records and Writings, 1940-1950 (Box 1; 7 folders)

Series 3: Printed Material, 1925-1971 (Box 1; 4 folders)

Series 4: Photographs, circa 1921-1930 (Box 1; 3 folders)
Biographical Note:
Katherine Schmidt (1898-1978) was born in Xenia, Ohio. She moved with her family to New York City, and around the age of 13 began attending Saturday classes at the Art Students League. She continued her art classes after high school and was taught by F. Luis Mora, Kenneth Miller, and John Sloan. While attending the Art Students League, Schmidt made many friends who would later become prominent members of the New York art community, including Peggy Bacon, Alexander Brook, Reginald Marsh, and Lloyd Goodrich. In 1919 she married fellow art student, Yasuo Kuniyoshi, in Ogunquit, Maine. They lived in Maine during the summers, but settled in Brooklyn, New York. Schmidt began working for Juliana Force at the Whitney Studio Club in 1923, where she also periodically exhibited her artwork. She taught sketching classes for the club and also did various other jobs for Force and Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney until around 1930. Her work during this period consisted of drawings and paintings of landscapes, still lifes, and the homeless and unemployed.

In 1925 Schmidt and Kuniyoshi took their first trip to Europe, spending a year in Paris and Italy and visiting the studios of their American expatriate friends. After another brief trip to Europe in 1928, she and Kuniyoshi bought a house in Woodstock, New York, where they would spend several summers as part of a very active artists' community. In the late 1920s she exhibited and was represented by the Daniel Gallery in New York. In the early 1930s, she became affliated with Downtown Gallery where she became good friends with owner Edith Halpert. She and Kuniyoshi divorced in 1932 and a year later she married lawyer Irvine Shubert. In the 1930s Schmidt became dissatisfied with her artwork and had her last show at the Downtown Gallery in 1939, taking a hiatus from exhibiting for over twenty years.

During the 1930s and 1940s Schmidt became very active in promoting federal and state government support of the arts. She worked with Juliana Force and others on a New York State art bill in the early 1930s, and in 1941 testified for federal appropriations for the arts in Washington D. C. as part of the Citizens Committee for Government Arts Projects. She was also active in the Artists Equity Association.

Schmidt spent many years experimenting with different painting techniques and subjects, and in the late 1950s found a new motif that she pursued for the rest of her life: still lifes of discarded paper and dead leaves. Schmidt died in Sarasota, Florida in 1978 at the age of 79.
Related Material:
Also found at the Archives of American Art is an Oral History Interview with Katherine Schmidt, December 8-15, 1969, by Paul Karlstrom which includes a transcript available via the Archives of American Art's website.
Separated Material:
Also found at the Archives of American Art are materials lent for microfilming (reel 89) including correspondence concerning exhibitions, a scrapbook containing clippings, exhibition catalogs and announcements. Lent materials were returned to the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
Katherine Schmidt lent material to the Archives of American Art for microfilming in 1971. The papers were donated in 1982 by Irvine J. Shubert, Schmidt's widower.
Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Rights:
The Katherine Schmidt papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art and state  Search this
Women painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Citation:
Katherine Schmidt papers, circa 1922-1971. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.schmkath
See more items in:
Katherine Schmidt papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-schmkath
Online Media:

Paul Burlin papers

Creator:
Burlin, Paul, 1886-1969  Search this
Names:
Asher, Elise, 1914-  Search this
Davis, Stuart, 1892-1964  Search this
Hofmann, Hans, 1880-1966  Search this
Jaffe, Sam, 1893-1984  Search this
Kunitz, Stanley, 1905-2006  Search this
Stein, Leo, 1872-1947  Search this
Extent:
6.2 Linear feet ((on 8 microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound recordings
Interviews
Sketchbooks
Date:
1915-1974
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence, writings, sketches, sketchbooks, printed material, financial material, photographs and interviews.
REELS 1543-1547: Correspondence with Stuart Davis, Stanley and Elise Kunitz, Hans Hofmann, Sam Jaffe, and others; letters from many major 20th century artists about a 1948 forum at the Museum of Modern Art; writings by and about Burlin, including some by Leo Stein and Stanley Kunitz; sketchbooks and sketches; address books; notebooks with sketches, exhibition and auction catalogs; lists of paintings; clippings; and miscellaneous printed materials.
REEL 1603: Ca. 700 photographs, including: photos of Burlin's work; personal photographs and snapshots of Burlin; Burlin with his family, friends, and students; and Burlin in his studio.
REEL 3948: Biographical material; correspondence; a manuscript by Burlin, "Where Will Amateurism in Art Lead Us?", 1960; business records, including contracts and wills; a sketch of the floorplan of a house; clippings; and exhibition announcements.
REEL 2787: Four speeches by Burlin: "Woodstock Art Conference Speech," "Society in Modern Art," "Talk at Baton Rouge, March 14, 1947, and Lafayette, March 15, 1949," and "Culture as a Hobby" (September 21, 1954, Union College convocation address, Schenectady, N.Y.).
UNMICROFILMED: Reel to reel tapes of an undated radio interview of Burlin and Louis Pomerantz, an interview conducted by Karl Fortess, July 14, 1967, (duplicate cassette tape in Karl Fortess collection), and other interviews of Burlin, 1965 and 1966. Also unfilmed are slides of Burlin's work.
Biographical / Historical:
Landscape, mural, and figure painter; New York, N.Y. Spent much time in the Southwest, particularly New Mexico.
Provenance:
Materials on reels 1543-1547 and 1603 and interviews donated 1974-1975 by Margaret T. Burlin, Burlin's widow. Materials on reels 2787 donated 1974 by Irving Sandler, Burlin's interviewer for AAA. Materials on reel 3948 donated 1984 by Syracuse University.
Restrictions:
Microfilmed portion must be consulted on microfilm. Use of untranscribed tapes requires an appointment.
Occupation:
Landscape painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Landscape painting -- Southwestern States  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- History -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Sketchbooks
Identifier:
AAA.burlpaul
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-burlpaul

Bradley Walker Tomlin papers

Creator:
Tomlin, Bradley Walker, 1899-1953  Search this
Names:
Ferber, Herbert, 1906-1991  Search this
London, Frank Marsden, 1876-1945  Search this
Mathieu, Georges, 1921  Search this
Motherwell, Robert  Search this
Pedlar, Sylvia, 1901-1972  Search this
Schulte, Antoinette E., 1897-1981  Search this
Extent:
430 Items ((on 1 microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1910-1967
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence mostly with family members, including letters from Tomlin while in Paris, London, and New York, 1924-1929; exhibition catalogs and announcements; illustrations for children's books and magazine covers; sketches; photographs, including some of Frank London, Antoinette Schulte, Sylvia Pedlar, Robert Motherwell, and Herbert Ferber; miscellaneous professional papers; three statements of policy regarding united action by painters, including "Declaration to the American Avant-Garde Painters by Georges Mathieu," October 1952; and miscellaneous printed material.
Biographical / Historical:
Painter, illustrator; Woodstock and Syracuse, N.Y.
Provenance:
Lent and donated 1970 by Lila Tomlin Northrup, Earl H. Tomlin, and Marguerite Dockstader, Tomlin's sisters and brother. Ca. 100 items were subsequently given.
Restrictions:
Patrons must use microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Illustrators -- New York (State)  Search this
Painters -- New York (State)  Search this
Topic:
Abstract expressionism -- New York (State)  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- History -- New York (State)  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.tomlbrad
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-tomlbrad

William J. Eisner and Florine Rensie papers

Creator:
Eisner, William J., 1880-1975  Search this
Rensie, Florine, b. 1883  Search this
Extent:
70 Items ((on 1 partial microfilm reel))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1952-1966
Scope and Contents:
Exhibition catalogs and newspaper clippings; letters regarding professional matters; and snapshots and photographs of Eisner, Rensie, and their paintings.
Biographical / Historical:
Painters, New York, N.Y. Husband and wife. William is the father of painters Dorothy and Anne Eisner. He was the president, New York Paraffin and Parchment Co. and treasurer, Woodstock Art Association. Rensie is the reverse spelling of Florine's married name, Eisner.
Provenance:
Material lent for microfilming by Eisner and Rensie, date unknown.
Restrictions:
The Archives of American art does not own the original papers. Use is limited to the microfilm copy.
Occupation:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Women painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.eisnwill
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-eisnwill

Josef Presser and Agnes Hart papers

Creator:
Presser, Josef, 1906-1967  Search this
Names:
Art Students League (New York, N.Y.) -- Faculty  Search this
Artists Equity Association  Search this
Central Cown Art Center  Search this
Dalton School (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
New York University -- Faculty  Search this
Parnassus Square  Search this
Port of New York Authority  Search this
Prospect Hill School (New Haven, Conn.)  Search this
Woodstock Artists Association (Woodstock, N.Y.)  Search this
Ames, Elizabeth  Search this
Blanch, Lucile, 1895-1981  Search this
Fraser, Vera  Search this
Hart, Agnes, 1912-1979  Search this
Hopkinson, Charles, 1869-1962  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo, 1889-1953  Search this
Smedley, Agnes, 1892-1950  Search this
Walkowitz, Abraham, 1880-1965  Search this
Extent:
4.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sketches
Postcards
Sketchbooks
Photographs
Date:
1913-1980
Summary:
The papers of New York painters and teachers Josef Presser and Presser's wife Agnes Hart measure 4.3 linear feet and date from 1913 to 1980, with the bulk of the material from 1940 to 1980. The collection documents their personal and professional lives as artists and educators and consists of biographical material, business and personal correspondence, teaching files, printed material, and scattered photographs. The collection also includes writings, personal business records, and artwork by Presser.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of New York painters and teachers Josef Presser and Agnes Hart measure 4.3 linear feet and date from 1913 to 1980, with the bulk of the material from 1940 to 1980. The collection documents their personal and professional lives as partners, artists, and educators and consists of biographical material, business and personal correspondence, teaching files, printed material, and scattered photographs. The collection also includes writings, personal business records, and artwork by Presser.

The collection is divided into two series. Series 1 consists primarily of Presser's papers from 1913 to his death in 1967, and Hart's correspondence dating from 1967 to 1977 regarding the management of his estate. Biographical material includes an address book, curriculum vitae, family history, and personal identification records. Presser's personal correspondence is with family and friends, including the artists Charles Hopkinson and Vera Fraser. Business related correspondence is with various collectors, galleries, museums, art associations, and art schools. There is also correspondence related to Presser's law suit against the New York Port Authority, and Presser and Hart's real estate purchases in Hurley and Woodstock, New York. Hart's correspondence concerns Presser's estate and artwork after his death, including letters related to the organization of Presser's memorial exhibition in 1968.

Writings by Presser include essay fragments, 4 notebooks, and numerous note fragments. His teaching files include memoranda, syllabi, and class assignments from his tenure at New York University from 1947 to 1952. There are also memoranda from the New York School of Visual Arts and the Prospect Hill School. Personal business records include bank registers, artwork sales records, and receipts from his residency in Paris in the 1960s.

Printed material consists of bulletins, clippings, and exhibition announcements and catalogs related to Presser's career. There are also draft and final versions of Presser's memorial exhibition catalog, and a copy of the 1951 conference Artist and the Museum sponsored by the Artists Equity Association and the Woodstock Artists Association.

Artwork consists of loose sketches, artwork on postcards and printed material, and 9 sketchbooks dating from the 1950s to 1960s. Photographic material includes photographs of Presser with friends and family, and photographs of his studio and artwork. There are also 4 photographs of the artist Abraham Walkowitz dating from the 1940s.

Agnes Hart's papers documenting her own career are arranged in Series 2 and date from 1930 to 1980. Biographical materials include two engagement calendars, curriculum vitae, consignment lists, and critiques. Her correspondence with family and friends includes letters from artist Lucile Blanch, journalist Agnes Smedley, and Yaddo director Elizabeth Ames. Business correspondence is with galleries, collectors, art associations, and art schools.

Teaching files include employment contracts, class catalogs, newsletters, and photographs from Hart's tenure at the Art Students League (1965-1975), and class catalogs and memoranda from Dalton Schools and Parnassus Square. Printed material includes bulletins, clippings, and exhibition announcements and catalogs related to Hart's career. There are also draft and final versions of the 1956 Yasuo Kuniyoshi memorial exhibition catalog. Additional photographic material consists of a photograph of the Central Cown Art Center, a gallery Hart managed in 1937.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 2 series:

Series 1: Josef Presser, 1913-1977 (3 linear feet; Boxes 1-3, Box 5)

Series 2: Agnes Hart, 1930-1980 (1.3 linear feet; Boxes 3-4)
Biographical Note:
Josef Presser (1909-1967) lived and worked primarily in New York City as a painter, educator, and lecturer.

Presser was born in Lublin, Poland and immigrated with his family to Boston, Massachusetts in 1913. He showed an early affinity for art and, at the age of 12, was accepted to the Boston Museum School of Fine Arts on a four year scholarship. After completing his education, he spent several years traveling in Europe and visited the major museums of France, Italy, and Belgium before returning to America in 1931. Upon his return, Presser opened his first solo New York show at the Montross Gallery in 1931, moved to Philadelphia, painted murals as part of the Works Progress Administration program, and began receiving private commissions. By the mid-1930s, Presser was exhibiting regularly in solo shows in Philadelphia and had began accepting teaching positions. While lecturing at Iowa State University, Presser met his future wife and artist, Agnes Hart, who he married in 1941.

After moving to New York City in 1940, Presser continued to exhibit in New York galleries throughout the 1940s and 1950s, and eventually accepted teaching positions at New York University, Queens College, Cooper Union, and the Brooklyn Museum Art School, among others. Though he was familiar with the work of the abstract expressionists, Presser is known primarily for his figurative paintings featuring women, children, clowns, and horses, with the latter two subjects inspired by circuses he had traveled with in Europe. In 1940, Presser and Hart purchased studio space in Woodstock, New York where they exhibited as members of the Woodstock Artists Association. Presser's solo shows include exhibitions at Contemporary Arts Gallery, Associated American Artists Galleries, and the Vera Lazuk Gallery.

In 1965, Presser went on an extended trip abroad to Paris, and continued working until his death in 1967.

Agnes Hart (1912-1979) was born in Meridan, Connecticut and studied art at the Ringling Museum of Art in Sarasota, Florida and at Iowa State University. Hart was a prolific painter and printmaker of abstract forms and urban landscapes. In 1948 and 1949, she received fellowships as a guest painter at the Yaddo Foundation and exhibited her first solo show in New York City at the RoKo Gallery in 1948. She continued to exhibit regularly at New York City galleries into the 1970s, and also accepted several teaching positions, including a ten year tenure with the Art Students League of New York. She continued to paint and teach until her death in 1979.
Separated Material:
The Archives of American Art also holds material lent for microfilming (reel N69-1) including original clippings and exhibition announcements. Lent materials were returned to the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
The papers of Josef Presser were lent for microfilming by Agnes Hart in 1968. Excluding certain printed material, Hart later donated the bulk of these papers and additional Presser materials in 1977 and 1979. Hart donated her papers in 1978. Frances Hitchcock, Hart's sister, gave additional material in 1981.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Josef Presser and Agnes Hart papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 20th century  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Art teachers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sketches
Postcards
Sketchbooks
Photographs
Citation:
Josef Presser and Agnes Hart papers, 1913-1980, bulk 1940-1980. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.presjose
See more items in:
Josef Presser and Agnes Hart papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-presjose
Online Media:

Dorothy Varian papers

Creator:
Varian, Dorothy, 1895-1985  Search this
Names:
Bacon, Peggy, 1895-1987  Search this
Brook, Alexander, 1898-1980  Search this
Karfiol, Bernard, 1886-1952  Search this
Klienert, Herminie  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo, 1889-1953  Search this
Marshall, Lenore, 1897-1971  Search this
Peirce, Waldo, 1884-1970  Search this
Schmidt, Katherine, 1898-1978  Search this
Schulte, Antoinette E., 1897-1981  Search this
Extent:
2.3 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Sketches
Date:
circa 1902-1984
Summary:
The papers of painter Dorothy Varian date from circa 1902 to 1984 and measure 2.3 linear feet. This collection documents Varian's life primarily through scattered biographical material; correspondence with family, friends, artists and art galleries; personal business records; a few writings; exhibition catalogs, news clippings, and other printed material; photographs of Varian, her friends, and artwork; and original sketches by Varian and fellow artist Peggy Bacon.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of painter Dorothy Varian date from circa 1902 to 1984 and measure 2.3 linear feet. This collection documents Varian's life primarily through scattered biographical material; correspondence with family, friends, artists and art galleries; personal business records; a few writings; exhibition catalogs, news clippings, and other printed material; photographs of Varian, her friends, including Peggy Bacon, Alex Brook, Bernard Karfiol, and Yasuo Kuniyoshi, and artwork; and original sketches by Varian and fellow artist Peggy Bacon.

Varian's earliest correspondence is with her mother and her cousin Jessie, detailing her life as an artist in Paris. Also found is extensive correspondence with with Peggy Bacon, Hermine Kleinert, Lenore G. Marshall, Waldo Pierce, Katherine Schmidt, Antoinette Schulte, and the Renoir family.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 7 series.

Series 1: Biographical Material, 1920-1980 (5 folders; Box 1)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1917-1981 (0.8 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 3: Writings, 1940s-1960s (3 folders; Box 1)

Series 4: Personal Business Records, 1931-1984 (9 folders; Box 1)

Series 5: Printed Material, 1916-1981 (0.5 linear feet; Box 2)

Series 6: Photographs, circa 1902-1961 (13 folders; Boxes 2-3)

Series 7: Artwork, circa 1912-1924 (11 folders; Boxes 2-3)
Biographical / Historical:
Dorothy Varian (1895-1985) was a painter in New York City, and Woodstock, NY. Varian was born in New York City on April 26, 1895; daughter of Eugene W. and Helen Estelle Varian. She dropped out of high school at 15 and entered Cooper Union where she graduated with honors. After Cooper Union she attended the Art Students League. While a student she inadvertently won first and second prize in a local art contest sponsored by movie producer, William Fox. She used the prize money to rent her first studio in Woodstock.

In 1920, her cousins Jessie and C. Vanderbilt Barton provided her the means to study in Paris. Varian's first one-man show was held in 1922 at the Durand-Ruel Galleries in Paris. A close friend of Varian's during this time was Jean Renior, son of Pierre-Auguste Renoir. Within the first year after she returned permanently to the United States, Varian had exhibitions at the Whitney Club, Whitney Galleries, and the Downtown Galleries. Edith Halpert, director of the Downtown Galleries became Varian's art dealer. Varian used the money from her work to buy a home in Woodstock which became her primary painting studio. The majority of her circle was formed during her time at the Art Students League and during her years in Paris. Varian also met many artists who were living and working alongside her in Woodstock. Throughout her life, she stayed in contact with many of these friends including Peggy Bacon, Alex Brook, Georgina Klitgaard, Frederick Dana Marsh, Lenore G. Marshall, and Waldo Pierce.

Varian worked primarily with watercolor and oil painting. Varian's work has been exhibited at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Corcoran Galleries, Carnegie International, Whitney Museum of American Art, Association of American Artists Gallery, Brooklyn Museum, and several universities across the country. Over the course of her career, Varian held fifteen solo exhibitions and received many awards including the Kuniyoshi Award in 1975. Varian died in 1985 at the age of 90.
Related Materials:
Also found in this repository is an interview of Dorothy Varian conducted 1980 Dec. 6-7, by Avis Berman, for the Archives of American Art.
Provenance:
The collection was donated to the Archives of American Art in installments by Dorothy Varian in 1972, 1978, and 1981. An additonal installment was donated in 1986 by the Dorothy Varian estate, via Robert Plate.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment. Use of archival audiovisual recordings with no duplicate access copy requires advance notice.
Rights:
The Dorothy Varian papers are owned by the Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Literary rights as possessed by the donor have been dedicated to public use for research, study, and scholarship. The collection is subject to all copyright laws.
Topic:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Women painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Sketches
Citation:
Dorothy Varian papers, circa 1902-1984. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.varidoro
See more items in:
Dorothy Varian papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-varidoro

Charles Rosen papers

Creator:
Rosen, Charles, 1878-1950  Search this
Names:
Carnegie Institute -- Photographs  Search this
Bellows, George, 1882-1925  Search this
Speicher, Eugene Edward, 1883-1962  Search this
Extent:
0.8 Linear feet ((on 4 microfilm reels))
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Date:
1896-1971
Scope and Contents:
Correspondence, sketchbooks, diaries, writings, printed material, photographs, and scrapbooks.
REEL 1033: Letters, including 2 from George Bellows and 17 from Eugene Speicher.
REELS 1118-1119: Biographical data and certificates; correspondence with many American artists; a European diary, 1909; writings, lectures and notes by and about Rosen; records of his paintings; sketches and sketchbooks; scrapbooks; exhibition catalogs, clippings and art school catalogs; and reproductions of portraits of Rosen.
REEL 1130: Photographs of Rosen as a young man, teaching and working, and with friends. Other photographs include the Carnegie Institute Jury, 1931; Rosen's friends, many of whom are American artists at Woodstock; Seminole Indians and a mural in Florida; and people and houses in Texas.
Photographs of artists include George Bellows, Ernest Blumenschein, Dennis Burlingame, Jo Cantine, John Carroll, Konrad Cramer, Andrew Dasburg, Randall Davey, Buckminster Fuller, Wendell Jones, Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Henri E. Le Sidaner, Jonas Lie, Eugene D. Ludins, Ethel Magafan, Henry Mattson, Henry McFee, Paul Nash, Homer Saint-Gaudens, Judson Smith, Eugene Speicher, John Striebel, and Carl Walters.
Biographical / Historical:
Landscape painter, printmaker, instructor; Woodstock, N.Y. Studied at the National Academy of Design with Chase and DuMond. Associate Member and Academician, National Academy of Design. Painted murals for the United States Post Offices in Beacon and Poughkeepsie, N.Y. and Palm Beach, Fla.
Provenance:
Material on reel 1033 lent for microfilming by Katherine Rosen Warner, Rosen's daughter, 1975. Other material donated by Warner, 1975.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Landscape painters -- New York -- Woodstock  Search this
Topic:
Artists -- United States -- Photographs  Search this
Landscape painting -- New York (State)  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- 20th century -- Florida -- Palm Beach -- Photographs  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- Woodstock  Search this
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Identifier:
AAA.rosechar
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-rosechar

Paul Burlin papers, 1915-1974

Creator:
Burlin, Paul, 1886-1969  Search this
Subject:
Burlin, Natalie Curtis  Search this
Type:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Sketchbooks
Topic:
Landscape painting -- Southwestern States  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- History -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8976
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211163
AAA_collcode_burlpaul
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
Audio - Visual
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211163

Charles Rosen papers, 1896-1971

Creator:
Rosen, Charles, 1878-1950  Search this
Subject:
Speicher, Eugene Edward  Search this
Bellows, George  Search this
Carnegie Institute  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Topic:
Artists -- United States -- Photographs  Search this
Landscape painting -- New York (State)  Search this
Mural painting and decoration -- 20th century -- Florida -- Palm Beach -- Photographs  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- Woodstock  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9212
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211407
AAA_collcode_rosechar
Theme:
Diaries
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211407

Dorothy Varian papers, circa 1902-1984

Creator:
Varian, Dorothy, 1895-1985  Search this
Subject:
Schmidt, Katherine  Search this
Schulte, Antoinette E.  Search this
Bacon, Peggy  Search this
Brook, Alexander  Search this
Karfiol, Bernard  Search this
Marshall, Lenore  Search this
Peirce, Waldo  Search this
Klienert, Herminie  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo  Search this
Type:
Photographs
Sketches
Topic:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Women painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9258
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211453
AAA_collcode_varidoro
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Women
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211453
Online Media:

Josef Presser and Agnes Hart papers, 1913-1980

Creator:
Presser, Josef, 1906-1967  Search this
Hart, Agnes, 1912-1979  Search this
Subject:
Smedley, Agnes  Search this
Walkowitz, Abraham  Search this
Ames, Elizabeth  Search this
Kuniyoshi, Yasuo  Search this
Hart, Agnes  Search this
Hopkinson, Charles  Search this
Blanch, Lucile  Search this
Fraser, Vera  Search this
New York University  Search this
Prospect Hill School (New Haven, Conn.)  Search this
Artists Equity Association  Search this
Art Students League (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Woodstock Artists Association (Woodstock, N.Y.)  Search this
Parnassus Square  Search this
Port of New York Authority  Search this
Dalton School  Search this
Central Cown Art Center  Search this
Type:
Sketches
Postcards
Sketchbooks
Photographs
Topic:
Painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 20th century  Search this
Art -- Study and teaching  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Art teachers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)8949
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211136
AAA_collcode_presjose
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211136
Online Media:

Bradley Walker Tomlin papers, 1910-1967

Creator:
Tomlin, Bradley Walker, 1899-1953  Search this
Subject:
Ferber, Herbert  Search this
London, Frank Marsden  Search this
Motherwell, Robert  Search this
Pedlar, Sylvia  Search this
Schulte, Antoinette E.  Search this
Mathieu, Georges  Search this
Topic:
Abstract expressionism -- New York (State)  Search this
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- History -- New York (State)  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9566
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211767
AAA_collcode_tomlbrad
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211767

William J. Eisner and Florine Rensie papers, 1952-1966

Creator:
Eisner, William J., 1880-1975  Search this
Resnie, Florine, 1883-1974  Search this
Topic:
Painting, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Women painters -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9568
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211769
AAA_collcode_eisnwill
Theme:
Lives of American Artists
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211769

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