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Stanton Macdonald-Wright papers

Creator:
Macdonald-Wright, Stanton, 1890-1973  Search this
Names:
Russell, Morgan, 1886-1953  Search this
Seuphor, Michel, 1901-1999  Search this
Summerfield, Anne, 1917-  Search this
Summerfield, John, 1917-  Search this
Extent:
14.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Blueprints
Diaries
Essays
Travel diaries
Place:
Italy -- description and travel
Hawaii -- description and travel
Japan -- Description and Travel
Date:
1890-2018
Summary:
The papers of Southern California painter Stanton Macdonald-Wright measure 3.2 linear feet and date from 1907 to 1973. The collection contains correspondence with family, friends, and artists, including Morgan Russell, and his wife Suzanne Binon, Michel and Suzanne Seuphor, Ann and John Summerfield, and Bethany Wilson. Also found are writings, six diaries, travel journals, printed materials, and artwork. There is an 11.3 linear foot unprocessed addition to this collection donated 2019 that includes biographical material, personal and professional correspondence including illustrated letters, two scrapbooks, a diary by Stanton macDonald-Wright, works of art includind sketches in various media, photographs, scrapbooks, Jean's research and writing, Stanton's teaching materials, printed material, interviews on three cassettes, and files related to Stanton's estate.
Scope and Contents:
The papers of Southern California painter Stanton Macdonald-Wright measure 3.2 linear feet and date from 1907 to 1973. The collection contains correspondence with family, friends, and artists, including Morgan Russell, and his wife Suzanne Binon, Michel and Suzanne Seuphor, Ann and John Summerfield, and Bethany Wilson. Also found are writings, six diaries, travel journals, printed materials, and artwork. There is an 11.3 linear foot unprocessed addition to this collection donated 2019 that includes biographical material, personal and professional correspondence including illustrated letters, two scrapbooks, a diary by Stanton macDonald-Wright, works of art includind sketches in various media, photographs, scrapbooks, Jean's research and writing, Stanton's teaching materials, printed material, interviews on three cassettes, and files related to Stanton's estate.

Writings consist of drafts of essays, plays, and book manuscripts. There are drafts of A Treatise on Color with palettes and color wheels, The Basis of Culture, and Macdonald-Wright's autobiography Bittersweet: An Artist's Life.

There are six diaries and numerous travel journals. One diary was written in Paris in 1909 in which Macdonald-Wright muses over the aesthetics of art and his color theories. Five additional disbound diaries cover his life from 1939-1973. Travel diaries date from 1959-1972 and cover trips to Italy, Japan, and Hawaii.

Printed material includes a copy of Les Synchromistes exhibition catalog, a newspaper clipping, and The Future of Painting by Willard Wright. Artwork consists of blueprints for Macdonald-Wright's Synchrome Kineidoscope, a color and light projecting machine first envisioned by Macdonald-Wright and Morgan Russell as early as 1913 and finally completed in the late 1950s.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 5 series.

Series 1: Correspondence, circa 1907-circa 1972 (0.5 linear feet; Box 1)

Series 2: Writings, 1920-circa 1970 (0.9 linear feet; Box 1-2)

Series 3: Diaries, 1909-1973 (1.3 linear feet; Box 2-3)

Series 4: Printed Material, 1913-1967 (0.3 linear feet; Box 3, OV 4)

Series 5: Artwork, 1969 (0.1 linear feet; Box 3, OV 4)
Biographical / Historical:
Stanton Macdonald-Wright (1890-1973) was the creator of a modernist style of painting based on pure spectral color known as chromatic abstraction or "Synchromism." He worked in New York and later primarily in Los Angeles.

Stanton Macdonald-Wright was born in 1890 in Charlottesville, Virginia. In 1900 the family moved to Santa Monica, California where they ran a seaside hotel. A few years later he took courses at the Art Students League in Los Angeles, studying under Warren T. Huges. His older brother was Willard Huntington Wright, a respected art critic who wrote Modern Painting: Its Tendency and Meaning (1915), upon which he collaborated with his younger brother Stanton, and The Future of Painting (1923), and later became a detective novelist under the name S. S. Van Dine.

At the age of seventeen, Stanton Macdonald-Wright married his first wife and moved to Paris where he immersed himself in European art and studied at the Sorbonne, the Académie Julian, the École des Beaux-Arts, and the Académie Colarossi. While in Europe he also befriended fellow American painter Morgan Russell and the two artists began working closely together. They studied with Canadian painter Percyval Tudor-Hart between 1911 and 1913 and were deeply influenced by their teacher's color theory, which connected the qualities of color to those of music. Together Macdonald-Wright and Russell developed a style of painting based on color and named it "Synchromism." They introduced their work in 1913 at the Der Neue Kuntsalon in Munich and in Paris at the Galerie Bernheim-Jeune. These exhibitions helped to establish Synchromism as an major influence in modern art well into the 1920s.

Stanton Macdonald-Wright and Morgan Russell returned to the United States eager to promote their work and theory. It was not long before the two separated, but both continued to work in the Synchromist style. Together, they held one more Synchromist exhibition in New York in 1916 which received significant critical support. Macdonald-Wright also participated in the prestigious 1916 "Forum Exhibition of Modern American Painters" in New York and exhibited his work at Alfred Stieglitz's famed 291 gallery in New York in 1917. Yet, financial success evaded him.

Macdonald-Wright moved to Santa Monica in 1918, where he taught and served as director of the Los Angeles Art Students League. In 1924 he published his instructive Treatise on Color. In 1927 he organized another joint exhibition with Morgan Russell at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, where he also exhibited five years later. He exhibited at the Oakland Art Gallery, the California Palace of the Legion of Honor in San Francisco, Alfred Stieglitz's An American Place gallery in New York, and the Stendahl Galleries in Los Angeles. From 1935 to 1942 Macdonald-Wright served as director of the Works Progress Administration's Federal Art Project for Southern California, followed by a faculty position at the University of Southern California at Los Angeles where he taught for sixteen years.

In the late 1950s, Macdonald-Wright completed the Synchome Kineidoscope, a color and light projecting machine first envisioned by Macdonald-Wright and Morgan Russell as early as 1913.

Macdonald-Wright traveled extensively throughout the 1960s and early 1970s, spending time in Hawaii, Italy, and Japan. Macdonald-Wright married three times and died in California in 1973, at the age of 83.

This biographical note draws heavily on the Archives of American Art's West Coast Regional Collector Paul Karlstrom's collection description written upon acquisition of the papers.
Related Materials:
The Archives of American Art holds several collections related to the Stanton Macdonald-Wright papers. There is an oral interview of Stanton Macdonald-Wright conducted 1964 Apr. 13-Sept. 16, by Betty Hoag. There are also Stanton Macdonald-Wright Letters to Alan and Fanny Leslie, the Stanton Macdonald-Wright Collection of photographs, Stanton Macdonald-Wright Letters to Morgan Russell, Walter Houk Letters from Stanton Macdonald-Wright, and an Oral History of Stanton Macdonald-Wright by Jeanne M. Marshall for the Voice of America Conducted in 1967.
Separated Materials:
The Archives of American Art also holds material lent for microfilming (reels LA 1 and LA 5) including a brochure on the Santa Monica Library murals and six photographs of the panels while in Macdonald-Wright's studio. There is also a 1939 exhibition catalog for "Southern California Art Project" a master's thesis on Macdonald-Wright by Dori Jean Watson (1957), and one scrapbook of photographs, clippings, and other printed materials dating from circa 1910-1964. Lent materials were returned to the lender and are not described in the collection container inventory.
Provenance:
Stanton Macdonald-Wright first loaned materials to the Archives of American Art for microfilming in 1964. David Nellis, a gallery owner, gave the Archives the artist's unpublished autobiography in 1978. The bulk of the Stanton Macdonald-Wright papers were donated to the Archives of American Art by his widow, Jean Macdonald-Wright, in 2 installments in 1995 and then in 2019 as a bequest.
Restrictions:
This collection is temporarily closed due to archival processing. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Occupation:
Painters -- California -- Los Angeles  Search this
Topic:
Mural painting and decoration, American -- California -- Santa Monica  Search this
Synchromism (Art)  Search this
Painting, Abstract  Search this
Color in art  Search this
Genre/Form:
Blueprints
Diaries
Essays
Travel diaries
Citation:
Stanton Macdonald-Wright papers, 1907-1973. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.macdstan
See more items in:
Stanton Macdonald-Wright papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-macdstan

Henri Gallery records

Creator:
Henri Gallery (Washington, D.C.)  Search this
Names:
Abraham, Darryl  Search this
Anderson, Harry  Search this
Antin, Eleanor  Search this
Bickley-Green, Cynthia  Search this
Clements, Robert  Search this
Edelson, Mary Beth  Search this
Exton, Leslie  Search this
Greenly, Colin, 1928-  Search this
Herbert, Mimi  Search this
Ishida, Traute  Search this
Kogelnik, Kiki  Search this
Kohlmeyer, Ida, 1912-1997  Search this
McGowin, Ed, 1938-  Search this
Nakashima, Tom, 1941-  Search this
Outerbridge, Graeme, 1950-  Search this
Puryear, Martin, 1941-  Search this
Scanga, Italo, 1932-2001  Search this
Stackhouse, Robert  Search this
Van Brunt, Philip  Search this
Wilson, May, 1905-1986  Search this
Extent:
55.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Illustrated letters
Greeting cards
Sketches
Drawings
Photographs
Date:
circa early 1900s
1940-1996
bulk 1957-1995
Summary:
The records of Henri Gallery, a Washington, D.C. gallery that showed painters from the Washington Color School and emerging artists, measure 55.4 linear feet and date from circa early 1900s, 1940 to 1996, with the bulk of the materials dating from 1957 to 1995. The gallery's relationship with artists and clients, exhibitions, sales, and other business is documented in alphabetical files containing a wide variety of materials, including correspondence, sales records, printed materials, photographs, slides, and motion picture film. Additional correspondence, newspaper clippings, 114 exhibition posters, scattered drawings, illustrated cards, and photographic materials are also found in the collection.
Scope and Contents:
The records of Henri Gallery, a Washington, D.C. gallery which showed painters from the Washington Color School and emerging artists, measure 55.4 linear feet and date from circa early 1900s, 1940 to 1996, with the bulk of the materials dating from 1957 to 1995. The gallery's relationship with artists and clients, exhibitions, sales, and other business is documented in alphabetical files containing a wide variety of materials, including correspondence, sales records, printed materials, photographs, slides, and motion picture film. Additional correspondence, newspaper clippings, 114 exhibition posters, scattered drawings, illustrated cards, and photographic materials are also found in the collection.

General Correspondence includes incoming business correspondence with artists, clients, galleries, and museums, regarding artwork, exhibitions, and other business issues. Also found here are holiday cards, handmade cards, and illustrated correspondence.

The bulk of the records consist of Alphabetical Files contains materials regarding artists, clients, exhibitions, galleries, museums, and various subjects of interest, originally arranged alphabetically by folder title. Folders range in quantity and variety of materials, including correspondence, printed materials, photographs, sales and consignment records, resumes, price lists, and exhibition records. There are especially rich or extensive files for Darryl Abraham, Harry Anderson, Cynthia Bickley-Green, Robert Clements, Mary Beth Edelson, Leslie Exton, Colin Greenly, Mimi Herbert, Traute Ishida, Kiki Kogelnik, Ida Kohlmeyer, Ed McGowin, Tom Nakashima, Graeme Outerbridge, Martin Puryear, Italo Scanga, Robert Stackhouse, Philip Van Brunt, and May Wilson. Of interest is the complete series of Eleanor Antin's 100 Boots postcards.

The bulk of Printed Materials are newspaper clippings regarding artists, exhibitions, and Henri Gallery. There are also 114 posters dating from 1959-1979 from Henri Gallery exhibitions and other galleries' exhibitions of artists in which the Henri Gallery represented.

Artwork is comprised of loose drawings and sketches, many of Henri. Photographic Materials contains black and white photographs, scattered color photographs, snapshots, and slides of artwork, exhibitions, Henri, the galleries spaces, and the Not New shop. Most photographs are undated.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 5 series.

Series 1: General Correspondence, 1949-1996 (2.5 linear feet; Boxes 1-3, 55-56)

Series 2: Alphabetical Files, 1947-1996 (50.3 linear feet; Boxes 3-52, 55-57, OV58, FC 62-63)

Series 3: Printed Materials, circa early 1900s, 1940-1995 (1.2 linear feet; Boxes 52-53, 57, OVs 59-61)

Series 4: Artwork, 1952-circa 1996 (5 folders; Boxes 53, 57)

Series 5: Photographic Materials, 1940s-1981 (0.8 linear feet; Boxes 53-54, 57)
Biographical / Historical:
In 1957, Henrietta Ehrsam, known as "Henri," opened her eponymous gallery on South Royal Street in Alexandria, Virginia. Earlier, Henri and her partner Florie King had sold clothing, antiques, accessories and decorative arts alongside works of art at their consignment shop "Not New" in the same location.

In the 1960s, Henri showed painters Gene Davis, Thomas Downing, and Howard Mehring of the Washington Color School. In the summer of 1967, Henri Gallery moved to 1500 21st Street NW, closer to the Dupont Circle art galleries in Washington, D.C. Henri showed many young and emerging artists, including Cynthia Bickley-Green, William Christenberry, Mary Beth Edelson, Ed McGowin, and Robert Stackhouse. In 1970, Henri opened a second location, Henri 2, at 1875 Connecticut Ave. NW to exhibit large scale works. In 1972, Henri 2 held Martin Puryear's first solo exhibition in the United States. Henri passed away in 1996 and both gallery locations closed shortly thereafter.
Provenance:
Henri donated the Henri Gallery records in three accessions between 1980 - 1981. Henri's daughter, Helen Schnoebelen donated additional records in 1996.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Color-field painting  Search this
Function:
Art galleries, Commercial -- Washington (D.C.)
Genre/Form:
Illustrated letters
Greeting cards
Sketches
Drawings
Photographs
Citation:
Henri Gallery records, circa early 1900s, 1940-1996, bulk 1957-1995. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.henrgall
See more items in:
Henri Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-henrgall
Online Media:

Desmodium canadense (L.) DC.

Biogeographical Region:
78 - Southeastern U.S.A.  Search this
Collector:
Joseph H. Painter  Search this
Place:
Long Bridge, Arlington, Virginia, United States, North America
Collection Date:
5 Sep 1904
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Rosales Fabaceae Faboideae
Published Name:
Desmodium canadense (L.) DC.
Barcode:
00398057
USNM Number:
750126
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
DC Flora
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/339ea1659-c4b0-44ab-b8c9-cbbdf620af44
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_2224425

Packera anonyma (Alph. Wood) W.A. Weber & Á. Löve

Biogeographical Region:
78 - Southeastern U.S.A.  Search this
Collector:
Joseph H. Painter  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
Rocks  Search this
Place:
Great Falls C. & O. Canal, Fairfax, Virginia, United States, North America
Collection Date:
Jun 1903
Common name:
Small's ragwort
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Asterales Asteraceae Asteroideae
Published Name:
Packera anonyma (Alph. Wood) W.A. Weber & Á. Löve
Senecio anonymus Alph. Wood
Senecio balsamitae
Barcode:
00086446
USNM Number:
444721
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
DC Flora
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3c6c9742a-fac9-441e-9aa0-ab0ab8a90111
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_2222260

Eupatorium purpureum (L.) E.E. Lamont

Biogeographical Region:
78 - Southeastern U.S.A.  Search this
Collector:
Joseph H. Painter  Search this
Microhabitat Description:
Shaded hillside  Search this
Place:
opposite Cabin John Bridge, Fairfax, Virginia, United States, North America
Collection Date:
20 Aug 1904
Common name:
joe-pye-weed
spotted joe-pye-weed
sweetscented joepyeweed
Taxonomy:
Plantae Dicotyledonae Asterales Asteraceae Asteroideae
Published Name:
Eupatorium purpureum (L.) E.E. Lamont
Barcode:
00410551
USNM Number:
750106
See more items in:
Botany
Flowering plants and ferns
DC Flora
Data Source:
NMNH - Botany Dept.
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/37846bdaf-67d0-41f8-a453-a0474dfea775
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:nmnhbotany_2217298

Richmond -- Westhampton Cottage Garden.

Former owner:
Hagan, Earl F.  Search this
Ross, William  Search this
Ross, Jacquelyn  Search this
Provenance:
Tuckahoe Garden Club of Westhampton  Search this
Collection Creator:
Garden Club of America  Search this
Type:
Archival materials
Place:
Westhampton Cottage Garden (Richmond, Virginia)
United States of America -- Virginia -- Richmond -- Richmond
Scope and Contents:
The folder includes worksheets and photocopies of sketches, plans and paintings.
General:
Located on less than 1 acres, this English-style garden evolved over the years as the creator, an artist, continually transformed and refined it. It is a strolling garden and leads the visitor from room to room. The entrance to the garden opens into the Chaise Garden, named for the two iron chaise lounges which anchor it. Passing through another gate at the far end, you come upon the Boxwood Oval. From this point you can stroll along the grass paths through the Perennial Garden or the gravel paths through the Woodland Gardens.
The Westhampton Cottage Garden is an artist's garden, created with an artist's passion and energy. In 1961, former owners William and Jacquelyn Ross moved into the house. Mrs. Ross, a painter and avid flower arranger, let the garden evolve as if it were a giant flower arrangement. When current owners purchased the house they opened up the boxwood oval in the back for space and circulation and transplanted the boxwood around the urn in the Chaise Garden. Plantings include dogwood, ferns, juniper, and oak-leaf hydrangea.
Persons associated with the garden include: Earl F. Hagan (former owner, 1935-?); William and Jacquelyn Ross (former owners, 1961-2008).
Related Materials:
Westhampton Cottage Garden. related holdings consist of 1 folder (19 digital images)
Collection Restrictions:
Access to original images by appointment only. Researcher must submit request for appointment in writing. Certain items may be restricted and not available to researchers. Please direct reference inquiries to the Archives of American Gardens: aag@si.edu.
Collection Rights:
Archives of American Gardens encourages the use of its archival materials for non-commercial, educational and personal use under the fair use provision of U.S. copyright law. Use or copyright restrictions may exist. It is incumbent upon the researcher to ascertain copyright status and assume responsibility for usage. All requests for duplication and use must be submitted in writing and approved by Archives of American Gardens.
Topic:
Gardens -- Virginia -- Richmond  Search this
Collection Citation:
Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Garden Club of America collection.
Identifier:
AAG.GCA, File VA451
See more items in:
The Garden Club of America collection
The Garden Club of America collection / Series 1: United States Garden Images / Virginia
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Gardens
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aag-gca-ref18901

"Alexander von Humboldt and the United States: Art, Nature, and Culture" Curator's Video Tour

Creator:
Smithsonian American Art Museum  Search this
Type:
YouTube Videos
Uploaded:
2020-04-20T13:59:25.000Z
YouTube Category:
Education  Search this
Topic:
Art, American  Search this
See more by:
americanartmuseum
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
YouTube Channel:
americanartmuseum
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:yt_D-p96np-Pw4

Robert Smithson and Nancy Holt papers, 1905-1987, bulk 1952-1987

Creator:
Smithson, Robert, 1938-1973  Search this
Holt, Nancy, 1938-2014  Search this
Smithson, Robert, 1938-1973  Search this
Subject:
Wheeler, Dennis  Search this
Valledor, Leo  Search this
Dibbets, Jan  Search this
Atkinson, Terry  Search this
Andre, Carl  Search this
Insley, Will  Search this
Heizer, Michael  Search this
Holt, Nancy  Search this
Dwan, Virginia  Search this
Flavin, Dan  Search this
Graham, Dan  Search this
Haacke, Hans  Search this
Lippard, Lucy R.  Search this
Long, Richard  Search this
Oppenheim, Dennis  Search this
Jenney, Neil  Search this
Johnson, Ray  Search this
Kepes, Gyorgy  Search this
LeWitt, Sol  Search this
Dwan Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art  Search this
Type:
Interviews
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Greeting cards
Photographs
Transcripts
Motion pictures (visual works)
Topic:
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Authors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Philosophy  Search this
Earthworks (Art)  Search this
Filmmakers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)7105
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)209239
AAA_collcode_smitrobe
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_209239
Online Media:

Robert Smithson and Nancy Holt papers

Creator:
Smithson, Robert  Search this
Names:
Dwan Gallery (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art  Search this
Andre, Carl, 1935-  Search this
Atkinson, Terry, 1939-  Search this
Dibbets, Jan, 1941-  Search this
Dwan, Virginia  Search this
Flavin, Dan, 1933-  Search this
Graham, Dan, 1942-  Search this
Haacke, Hans, 1936-  Search this
Heizer, Michael, 1944-  Search this
Holt, Nancy, 1938-  Search this
Insley, Will, 1929-2011  Search this
Jenney, Neil, 1945-  Search this
Johnson, Ray, 1927-  Search this
Kepes, Gyorgy, 1906-2001  Search this
LeWitt, Sol, 1928-2007  Search this
Lippard, Lucy R.  Search this
Long, Richard, 1945-  Search this
Oppenheim, Dennis, 1938-2011  Search this
Valledor, Leo, 1936-1989  Search this
Wheeler, Dennis  Search this
Extent:
67.5 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Interviews
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Greeting cards
Photographs
Transcripts
Motion pictures (visual works)
Date:
1905-1987
bulk 1952-1987
Summary:
The papers of sculptor, writer, and earthworks artist Robert Smithson and his wife, sculptor, filmmaker, and earthworks artist Nancy Holt measure 19.1 linear feet and date from 1905 to 1987, with the bulk of the material dating from 1952 to 1987. Also included is Smithson's personal library of books, vinyl records, and magazine, measuring 48.4 linear feet. The papers consist of Smithson's biographical material; business and personal correspondence, much of it with artists; interview transcripts; extensive writings and project files; financial records; printed material; a scrapbook of clippings; holiday cards with original prints and sketches; photographic material; and artifacts. Also found are project files related to Nancy Holt's motion picture film Pine Barrens and her seminal environmental work of art Sun Tunnels, including a video documentary about Sun Tunnels.
Scope and Content Note:
The papers of sculptor, writer, and earthworks artist Robert Smithson and his wife, sculptor, filmmaker, and earthworks artist Nancy Holt measure 19.1 linear feet and date from 1905 to 1987, with the bulk of the material dating from 1952 to 1987. Also included is Smithson's personal library of books, vinyl records, and magazine, measuring 48.4 linear feet. The papers consist of Smithson's biographical material; business and personal correspondence, much of it with artists; interview transcripts; extensive writings and project files; financial records; printed material; a scrapbook of clippings; holiday cards with original prints and sketches; photographic material; and artifacts. Also found are project files related to Nancy Holt's film Pine Barrens and her seminal environmental work of art Sun Tunnels, including a video documentary about Sun Tunnels.

Biographical material includes Robert Smithson's curriculum vitae, personal identification and medical documents, eight engagement/day planners Smithson and Holt maintained from 1966 to 1973, and Smithson's funeral register.

Correspondence is primarily with Smithson's family, friends, fellow artists, and business associates discussing personal relationships, proposed art projects, and exhibitions. Correspondents of note include Carl Andre, the Dwan Gallery (Virginia Dwan), Dan Graham, Will Insley, Ray Johnson, Gyorgy Kepes, Sol Lewitt, Lucy Lippard, and Dennis Wheeler. There is also substantial correspondence received by Holt upon Smithson's death in 1973, and between Holt and the Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art regarding Smithson's retrospective exhibition in 1982.

There are nine interview transcripts with Smithson discussing his works and his general philosophy on art, and one transcript of the Andrew Dickson White Museum's Earth Art Symposium (1969) featuring the following artists: Mike Hiezer, Dennis Oppenheim, Robert Smithson, Neil Jenney, Gunther Uecker, Jan Dibbets, Richard Long, and Hans Haacke.

Writings are substantial and include 73 drafts of published and unpublished essays by Smithson on art, artists, and works in progress. The series also includes poems by Smithson, six notebooks containing notes and sketches by Smithson, and drafts of writings sent to Smithson and Holt by friends and colleagues, including Carl Andre, Terry Atkinson, Dan Flavin, Dan Graham, and Jack Thibeau.

Project files contain correspondence, project instructions, diagrams and sketches, research materials, photographic material, and maps related to over 50 of Smithson's artworks. These include concepts, proposed projects, sculptures, non-sites, and earthwork projects, including Spiral Jetty, Broken Circle, and Spiral Hill.

Personal business records include gallery related loan arrangements and receipts for miscellaneous art supplies. Financial records include tax forms and preparation documents, including cancelled checks, receipts, statements, and related correspondence.

Printed materials include books, clippings, and periodicals related to Smithson, either containing writings or sketches by him, or containing articles reviewing his work. There are also exhibition announcements and catalogs of Smithson's group and solo shows from 1959 to 1985.

The scrapbook contains clippings of Smithson's published articles from 1966 to 1973 with annotated shorthand notes.

Artwork consists of Christmas cards collaged by Smithson, and sketches by Smithson and Leo Valledor.

Photographic materials include prints and negatives of Smithson with friends, promotional Hollywood movie stills, and original prints and copyprints of other artists' artwork.

Artifacts consist of a paper bag silkscreened with a Campbell's soup can (Warhol), promotional buttons (N.E. Thing Co.), various organic materials, and two art kits.

Nancy Holt's papers consist of correspondence, a grant application, printed materials, and project files and audio visual material related to her motion picture film Pine Barrens (1975) and her seminal environmental work of art Sun Tunnels (1975).
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 14 series:

Series 1: Biographical Materials, 1905-1974 (Box 1; 14 folders)

Series 2: Correspondence, 1959-1987 (Boxes 1-2, OV 21; 1.7 linear feet)

Series 3: Interview Transcripts, 1966-1973 (Box 2; 11 folders)

Series 4: Writings, 1959-1975 (Boxes 2-3; 1.1 linear feet)

Series 5: Project Files, circa 1950s-1982 (Boxes 4-5, Boxes 17-18, OV 20, OV 22-26, OV 36, RD 28-30, RD 32-35; 6.5 linear feet)

Series 6: Personal Business Records, circa 1967-1970s (Box 5; 4 folders)

Series 7: Financial Records, 1962-1972 (Box 6; 1 linear foot)

Series 8: Printed Material, 1955-1985 (Boxes 7-11, Box 18, RD 31; 5.6 linear feet)

Series 9: Scrapbook, 1966-1973 (Box 11, Box 16; 0.3 linear feet)

Series 10: Artwork, circa 1950s-1970s (Box 11; 4 folders)

Series 11: Photographs, circa 1950s-1970s (Box 11, Box 18; 5 folders)

Series 12: Artifacts, circa 1950s-1970s (Box 11, Box 14, OV 19; 0.5 linear feet)

Series 13: Nancy Holt Papers, circa 1960s-1980s (Box 12-13, 15, OV 27, FC 37-38; 1.9 linear feet)

Series 14: Robert Smithson Personal Library (Boxes 39-87; 48.4 linear feet)
Biographical Note:
Robert Smithson (1938-1973) was the pioneer of land and earthworks art. He was also a noted sculptor, painter, writer, and lecturer working primarily in New York City. Smithson's wife, Nancy Holt (1938-) was a noted sculptor and filmmaker and also worked as an earthworks artist.

Born in Passaic, New Jersey, Smithson expressed an early interest in art, enrolling in classes at the Brooklyn Museum School and the Art Student's League in New York while still attending high school. Smithson's early works were primarily paintings, drawings, and collages. In 1959, he exhibited his first solo show of paintings at the Artists' Gallery in New York and had his first solo international show in Rome with the Galleria George Lester in 1961.

During the early to mid-1960s, Smithson was perhaps better known as a writer and art critic, writing numerous essays and reviews for Arts Magazine and Artforum. He became affiliated with artists who were identified with the minimalist movement, such as Carl Andre, Donald Judd, Nancy Holt, Sol LeWitt, Robert Morris and others. In 1963, Smithson married sculptor and filmmaker Nancy Holt and a year later started to create his first sculptural works. In 1966, Smithson joined the Dwan Gallery, whose owner Virginia Dwan was an enthusiastic supporter of his work.

Smithson's interest in land art began in the late 1960s while exploring industrial and quarry sites and observing the movement of earth and rocks. This resulted in a series of sculptures called "non-sites" consisting of earth and rocks collected from a specific site and installed in gallery space, often combined with photographs, maps, mirrors, or found materials. In September 1968, Smithson published the essay "A Sedimentation of the Mind: Earth Projects" in Artforum that promoted the work of the first wave of land art artists. Soon thereafter, he began creating his own large scale land art and earthworks.

From 1967 to 1973, Smithson's productivity was constant as he wrote, lectured, and participated in several solo and group shows a year, both at home and abroad. He explored narrative art as essay in "The Monuments of Passaic" and fully committed to his idea of visiting sites and using them as the basis for creating non-sites, Non-Site, Pine Barrens, (1968); incorporated and documented the use of mirrors at sites in Mirror Displacement, Cayuga Salt Mine Project (1968-1969); and created his first site-specific works through liquid pours of mud, asphalt, and concrete, including Asphalt Rundown (1969). In 1969, he also completed his first earth pour at Kent State University with his project Partially Buried Woodshed. Later that year, he created the sculptural artwork for which he is best known, Spiral Jetty (1969) on the Great Salt Lake in Utah. This was the first of his pieces to require the acquisition of land rights and earthmoving equipment, and would be followed two years later by Broken Circle and Spiral Hill in 1971.

On July 20, 1973, while surveying sites in Texas for the proposed Amarillo Ramp, Smithson died in a plane crash at the age of 35. Despite his early death, Smithson's writings and artwork had a major impact on many contemporary artists.

Nancy Holt began her career as a photographer and video artist. Today, Holt is most widely known for her large-scale environmental works, Sun Tunnels and Dark Star Park. Holt has also made a number of films and videos since the late 1960s, including Mono Lake (1968), East Coast, West Coast (1969), and Swamp (1971) in collaboration with her late husband Robert Smithson. Points of View: Clocktower (1974) features conversations between Lucy Lippard and Richard Serra, Liza Bear and Klaus Kertess, Carl Andre and Ruth Kligman and Bruce Brice and Tina Girouard. In 1978, she produced a film about her seminal work Sun Tunnels.
Related Material:
The Archives also holds several collections related to Robert Smithson and Nancy Holt, including an oral history interview with Robert Smithson conducted by Paul Cummings in 1972; an interview with Robert Smithson conducted by Tony Robbin in 1968; Robert Smithson letters to George B. Lester, 1960-1963; and oral history interviews with Nancy Holt conducted by Scott Gutterman in 1992 and Joyce Pomeroy Schwartz in 1993.
Provenance:
The papers of Robert Smithson and Nancy Holt were donated by Nancy Holt in several accretions between 1986 and 2011.
Restrictions:
This collection is open for research. Access to original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Researchers interested in accessing audiovisual recordings in this collection must use access copies. Periodicals, and phonographs from Robert Smithson's personal library are currently stored offsite. Contact References Services for more information.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
The donor has retained all intellectual property rights, including copyright, that they may own in the following material: two holiday cards found in box 11, folders 23-24.
Topic:
Sculptors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Authors -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Art -- Philosophy  Search this
Earthworks (Art)  Search this
Filmmakers -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Sketches
Scrapbooks
Greeting cards
Photographs
Transcripts
Motion pictures (visual works)
Citation:
Robert Smithson and Nancy Holt papers, 1905-1987, bulk 1952-1987. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.smitrobe
See more items in:
Robert Smithson and Nancy Holt papers
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-smitrobe
Online Media:

Frank K. M. Rehn Galleries records, 1858-1969, bulk 1919-1968

Creator:
Frank K. M. Rehn Galleries  Search this
Frank K. M. Rehn Galleries  Search this
Subject:
Burchfield, Charles Ephraim  Search this
Dasburg, Andrew  Search this
Speicher, Eugene Edward  Search this
Bartlett, Frederic Clay  Search this
Bellows, George  Search this
Coleman, Glenn O.  Search this
Cook, Howard Norton  Search this
Cuthbert, Virginia  Search this
Brook, Alexander  Search this
Chappell, Warren  Search this
Clancy, John C.  Search this
Marsh, Felicia Meyer  Search this
Marsh, Reginald  Search this
Mangravite, Peppino  Search this
Orton, J. Robert  Search this
Pepper, Charles Hovey  Search this
McFee, Henry Lee  Search this
Melchers, Gari  Search this
Hawthorne, Charles Webster  Search this
Henri, Robert  Search this
Gellatly, John  Search this
James, Alexander  Search this
Luks, George Benjamin  Search this
Kroll, Leon  Search this
Hopper, Edward  Search this
Hopper, Jo N. (Josephine Nivison)  Search this
Young, Mahonri Mackintosh  Search this
Winters, Denny Sonke  Search this
Phillips, Duncan  Search this
Tucker, Richard Derby  Search this
Tucker, Allen  Search this
Spalding, John T.  Search this
Russo, Alexander  Search this
Poor, Henry Varnum  Search this
Strater, Henry  Search this
Spruance, Benton  Search this
Sparhawk-Jones, Elizabeth  Search this
Type:
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Photographs
Topic:
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks  Search this
Art Movements and Schools  Search this
Art Gallery Records  Search this
Record number:
(DSI-AAA_CollID)9193
(DSI-AAA_SIRISBib)211388
AAA_collcode_franrehg
Theme:
Sketches & Sketchbooks
Art Movements and Schools
Art Gallery Records
Data Source:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:AAADCD_coll_211388
Online Media:

Virginia Museum - "Twelve American Painters" (September-October)

Collection Creator:
Leo Castelli Gallery  Search this
Container:
Box 55, Folder 102
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1974
Collection Restrictions:
Use of original records requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Leo Castelli Gallery records, circa 1880-2000, bulk 1957-1999. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Leo Castelli Gallery records
Leo Castelli Gallery records / Series 3: Exhibition Files / 3.6: Solo Shows, Other Galleries
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-leocast-ref10996

André Emmerich Gallery records

Creator:
André Emmerich Gallery  Search this
Names:
Galerie André Emmerich  Search this
Sotheby Parke Bernet & Co.  Search this
Sotheby's (Firm)  Search this
Caro, Anthony, 1924-  Search this
Emmerich, André  Search this
Francis, Sam, 1923-1994  Search this
Frankenthaler, Helen, 1928-2011  Search this
Greenberg, Clement, 1909-1994  Search this
Hockney, David  Search this
Hofmann, Hans, 1880-1966  Search this
Louis, Morris, 1912-1962  Search this
Noland, Kenneth, 1924-2010  Search this
Olitski, Jules, 1922-2007  Search this
Pepper, Beverly  Search this
Extent:
311.4 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Photographs
Visitors' books
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Scrapbooks
Etchings
Date:
circa 1929-2009
Summary:
The André Emmerich Gallery records and André Emmerich papers measure 311.4 linear feet and date from 1929 to 2009. The collection documents the business of the André Emmerich Gallery as well as André Emmerich's life and activities related to the business of selling art. Gallery records include correspondence; appointment books; administrative and subject files; exhibition files; artist files and accounts; inventory, sales, purchase, and consignment records; chronological files; financial and legal records; printed materials; original artwork; photographic and audiovisual materials. Also found are personal papers and records relating to André Emmerich. TheA small addition received in 2014 includes general correspondence, administrative files, exhibition files, artists' files, inventory records, consignment records, printed material, photographic materials, and André Emmerich personal papers and records.
Scope and Content Note:
The André Emmerich Gallery records and André Emmerich papers measure 311.4 linear feet and date from 1929 to 2009. The collection documents the business of the André Emmerich Gallery as well as André Emmerich's life and activities related to the business of selling art. Gallery records include correspondence; appointment books; administrative and subject files; exhibition files; artist files and accounts; inventory, sales, purchase, and consignment records; chronological files; financial and legal records; printed materials; original artwork; photographic and audiovisual materials. Also found are personal papers and records relating to André Emmerich.

The records document the gallery's daily business operations, exhibitions, and relationships with artists, dealers, clients, galleries, and museums. Artists particularly well-represented throughout the collection include Anthony Caro, Sam Francis, Helen Frankenthaler, David Hockney, Hans Hofmann, Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland, Jules Olitski, and Beverly Pepper.

Records pre-dating the gallery's establishment in 1954 are primarily newspaper and magazine clippings related to artists, personal photographs and photographs of artists, an original etching, and some of André Emmerich's personal records including biographical materials, correspondence, writings, and legal and financial records. Records post-dating the gallery's closure in 1998 are primarily residual business records related to the final disposition of artwork, clippings, photographs of André Emmerich and gallery staff, biographical materials, personal correspondence, writings, legal and financial records, and condolences received by Emmerich's wife upon his death in 2007.

Correspondence is primarily with galleries, museums and clients about business matters. Correspondence files also cover topics such as appraisals, authentications, offers of sale, artists seeking representation, image requests, job applications and recommendations. Also included are the New York gallery's copies of correspondence between the New York staff and the Zurich staff.

André Emmerich's appointment books document appointments, notes, and reminders about Emmerich's business and personal activities. Four appointment books relating to the birth of Emmerich's three sons and second marriage were kept by the family. The appointment books are access restricted and require written permission to use.

Administrative files include corporate records establishing the Andre Emmerich gallery's structure, records documenting the gallery's daily operations, advertising and publicity material, and records about the Sotheby's acquisition. There are also materials related to Top Gallant Farm, from its establishment to its closure. Travel records relate to André Emmerich's business trips and vacations along with some files on the travels of a several staff members at the gallery. Files about the operations of the Galerie André Emmerich in Zurich, Switzerland are included in the series as well.

Subject files relate to Emmerich's gallery business as well as personal and political interests, such as antiquities, art fairs and exhibitions, lecture research, art associations, and sculpture parks. There are several files on the art critic Clement Greenberg and former president of Gay Men's Health Crisis, Nathan Kolodner, who was also an art dealer and director of the Andre Emmerich Gallery.

Exhibition files contain numerous exhibition catalogs and printed materials related to exhibitions held or organized by the André Emmerich Gallery in Manhattan and Galerie André Emmerich in Zurich. The files contain materials ranging such as exhibition invitations, posters, printed materials, press releases, and guest books. Photographs of exhibitions can be found in the Photographic Materials series.

Artist files include biographical materials, clippings, correspondence, mailing lists, price lists, printed materials, and occasionally lectures, writings, and audiovisual materials for many of the artists represented or shown by André Emmerich Gallery. The General Correspondence files might contain duplicates or expanded versions of some of the correspondence. Photographs of artists can be found in the Photographic Materials series.

Artist accounts comprise account statements prepared periodically by the gallery documenting each artist's expenses and sales. Ledgers and general accounting files can be found in the Other Financial and Legal Records series.

Inventory records include inventory cards describing artwork entering and leaving the gallery and files containing various gallery inventories. Artist inventory cards, representing artists from both the New York and Zurich galleries, list the artist, title, date, media and measurements of an artwork. The cards also indicate whether the work was ultimately sold, returned to the artist, consigned, etc., and divided into categories accordingly. Inventory files show various gallery inventories.

Sales records document gallery sales and include paid invoices, records relating to Zurich sales, general sales records such as price lists and canceled sales, and Sotheby's Parke-Bernet auction reports. There are gaps in sales invoices in 1961-1964 and 1969-1971.

Purchase records include correspondence and invoices related to purchases and offers; annotated invoices for works of art bought by the gallery; André Emmerich, Inc. related purchase records; "Non-Modern" art related purchase records.

Consignment records include correspondence and consignment agreements documenting consignments to and from the André Emmerich Gallery; consignments from other galleries to André Emmerich, Inc.; and general consignment records.

Chronological files include copies of invoices or cover letters documenting the movement of artwork into and out of the gallery through sales, consignments, loans, and approvals. Records dating January through August 1968, January through March 1969, and September 1969 through July 1971 are missing.

Financial and legal records include client and partner account statements, resale and exempt organization certificates, accounting ledgers, and legal files related to disputes involving or of interest to the gallery.

Printed materials include auction catalogs and reports, books, and clippings describing André Emmerich, the galleries in New York and Zurich, Top Gallant Farm, and the art world. Also included is a large scrapbook created by the gallery containing clippings and gallery announcements dated 1955-1958. Clippings relating to particular artists can be found in the Artists Files series.

There are two pieces of original artwork in the collection. One is a 1974 print of a 1933 composite etching by Esther Dick Gottlieb, Adolphe Gottlieb, Edgar Levy, Lucille Corcos Levy, David Smith, and Dorothy Dehner Smith. The second is a 1998 lithograph by Louise Bourgeoise, called The Face of the Critic. The artist gave the lithograph as a gift in honor of Robert Hughes and the Archives of American Art and is numbered 61 out of a series of 300.

Photographic materials include prints, slides, negatives, and transparencies. Subjects include artists, André Emmerich, gallery installations, Top Gallant Farm, events, artists' studios, gallery staff, gallery space, and artwork. Photographs which show André Emmerich are indicated as such in the finding aid.

Audiovisual materials includes videocassettes and one audiocassette related to the art world. Videocassettes related to specific artists can be found in the Artists Files series. Videocassettes related to André Emmerich can be found in the André Emmerich Personal Papers and Records series. Videocassettes related to Top Gallant Farm and Sotheby's can be found in the Administrative Files series.

Personal papers and records relating to André Emmerich include biographical materials, personal correspondence, writings and lectures, and legal and financial records. The biographical materials include an address book, interviews and identifying documents. Writings include articles, edits, dissertations, lectures, etc. There are also some miscellaneous correspondence which is organized chronologically.

The small addition received in 2014 includes general correspondence, administrative files, exhibition files, artists' files, inventory records, consignment records, printed material, photographic materials, and André Emmerich personal papers and records.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 19 series:

Series 1: General Correspondence Files, 1958-2006 (boxes 1-18, OV 314-315; 18.2 linear feet)

Series 2: André Emmerich Appointment Books, 1954-2007 (boxes 19, 325, 326; 1.7 linear feet)

Series 3: Administrative Files, 1954-2003 (boxes 20-31, 306, OV 314, OV 316-319; 11 linear feet)

Series 4: Subject Files, 1958-1967, 1971-2000 (boxes 31-32, 306, OV 318, OV 320; 2 linear feet)

Series 5: Exhibition Files, circa 1954-1998 (boxes 32-40, 306, 307, OV 318-322; 8.5 linear feet)

Series 6: Artists Files, 1929-1932, 1938-2007 (boxes 40-68, 307, 308, OV 320-323; 28 linear feet)

Series 7: Artist Accounts, 1958-1998 (boxes 68-81; 13.5 linear feet)

Series 8: Inventory Records, circa 1954-2000(boxes 82-128; 46.5 linear feet)

Series 9: Sales Records, 1959-1998 (boxes 128-168; 40 linear feet)

Series 10: Purchase Records, 1961-1966, 1972-1994 (boxes 168-170; 2 linear feet)

Series 11: Consignment Records, 1961-2002 (boxes 170-177; 7.7 linear feet)

Series 12: Chronological File of Incoming and Outgoing Artwork, 1968-1998 (boxes 178-185; 8 linear feet)

Series 13: Other Financial and Legal Records, 1956-1999 (boxes 186-202; 16.5 linear feet)

Series 14: Printed Materials, 1955-1960, 1965-2008 (boxes 202-204, 308, 309; 3 linear feet)

Series 15: Original Artwork, 1933, 1974, 1998 (box 205, 310; 0.7 linear feet (2 folders))

Series 16: Photographic Materials, circa 1930-1935, 1941-1998, circa 2005 (Boxes 205-296, 311-313, OV 324; 92.8 linear feet)

Series 17: General Audio and Video Recordings, 1985, 1990-1995 (Boxes 297-298; 1.3 linear feet)

Series 18: André Emmerich Personal Papers and Records, 1937-1940, 1946-2008 (Boxes 298-305, OV 321, OV 323; 7.7 linear feet)

Series 19: Addition to the The André Emmerich Gallery records and André Emmerich papers, 1956-2009 (Boxes 328-329, OV 330; 2.1 linear feet)
Historical Note:
André Emmerich (1924-2007) was one of America's most noted contemporary art dealers and opened the André Emmerich Gallery in New York in 1954. The gallery showcased contemporary art, particularly Color Field painting and monumental sculpture.

André Emmerich was born on October 11, 1924 in Frankfurt, Germany. From age 7 he was raised in Amsterdam before emigrating with his family to New York City in 1940. He studied at Oberlin College and developed an interest in pre-Columbian art and antiquities. After graduation, he spent ten years in Paris working as a writer and editor before returning to New York. He married Constance Emmerich and the couple had three sons, Adam, Noah, and Toby.

In 1954 Emmerich opened the André Emmerich Gallery at 18 East 77th Street and initially specialized in contemporary American and European art and pre-Columbian antiquities. In 1956, the gallery moved to 17 East 64th Street, and in 1959 to the Fuller Building at 41 East 57th Street. Emmerich wrote two books about pre-Columbian art, Art Before Columbus in 1963 and Sweat of the Sun, Tears of the Moon: Gold and Silver in Pre-Columbian Art in 1965.

In 1961, Emmerich learned that French and Company, a gallery advised by art critic Clement Greenberg, was closing its department of contemporary art. French and Company had represented Color Field painters Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland, and Jules Olitski. Emmerich immediately invited Louis and Noland to be represented by his gallery. In 1966 he extended the invitation to Olitski as well, and Helen Frankenthaler joined soon after. The gallery's reputation as one of the earliest and most important promoters of Color Field painters was launched.

In addition to Color Field painters, the gallery represented, among others, Pierre Alechinsky, Karel Appel, Milton Avery, Herbert Ferber, Sam Francis, John Graham, Al Held, David Hockney, Hans Hofmann, John Hoyland, Judy Pfaff, Miriam Schapiro, and Anne Truitt.

Until January 1983, sales of pre-Columbian art primarily went through an entity called André Emmerich Inc. (AE Inc.), while sales of contemporary went through the André Emmerich Gallery Inc. (AEG). In 1983, the two entities were merged and operated under the name André Emmerich Gallery Inc.

In 1971, Emmerich began operating a downtown gallery at 420 West Broadway, in SoHo, in space shared with Leo Castelli, Virginia Dwan, and Ileana Sonnabend. In 1972, Emmerich opened a branch of his gallery in Zurich. He incorporated the Galerie André Emmerich Gmbh primarily for the purpose of leasing gallery space in Zurich. Until February 1974, sales of Pre-Columbian art in Zurich were made by an entity called André Emmerich Gallery Inc., New York Filiale Zurich. The Galerie André Emmerich Gmbh was officially liquidated in May 1982. The Filiale was formally closed in October 1996. Galerie André Emmerich also enjoyed a short-lived joint venture with Gimpel & Hanover.

André Emmerich served as president of the Art Dealers Association of America from 1972-1974 and again from 1991-1994.

Emmerich opened a private 150 acre sculpture park, Top Gallant Farm, on his estate in Pawling, New York, in 1982, where he stored and exhibited monumental sculptures by artists his gallery represented including Anthony Caro, Beverly Pepper, Alexander Liberman, Alexander Calder, Mark di Suvero, George Rickey, and Keith Haring. David Hockney painted waves onto floor of the property's swimming pool in 1986. Emmerich operated the sculpture park until 1996.

Emmerich sold his gallery to Sotheby's in 1996. He continued to be affiliated with the gallery until Sotheby's closed the gallery in 1998. Emmerich then began work on his memoir, My Life With Art, excerpts of which have been published in Art News, the Wall Street Journal, and The New Criterion.

Andre Emmerich died in New York 2007 and is survived by his second wife, Susanne Emmerich.
Related Material:
Among the holdings of the Archives of American Art is an oral history interview with André Emmerich conducted by Mona Hadler on January 18, 1993.
Provenance:
The André Emmerich Gallery records and André Emmerich papers were donated to the Archives of American Art by André Emmerich in eight accretions between 1999 and 2002. Two additional accretions were donated by Emmerich's wife Susanne in 2008 and 2009; and by James Yohe, Emmerich's former business partner, in 2009 and 2014.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C. Research Center. Access of diaries and appointment books required written permission.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Sculpture, Abstract  Search this
Color-field painting  Search this
Art -- Economic aspects  Search this
Artists' studios -- Photographs  Search this
Function:
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State)
Art galleries, Commercial -- Switzerland
Genre/Form:
Photographs
Visitors' books
Sound recordings
Video recordings
Scrapbooks
Etchings
Citation:
André Emmerich Gallery records and André Emmerich papers, circa 1929-2009. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.andremmg
See more items in:
André Emmerich Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-andremmg
Online Media:

William John Eck: First Pan American Airlines Transatlantic Flight Scrapbook

Extent:
0.33 Cubic feet (1 scrapbook)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Place:
Azores
New York, New York
Date:
June 12, 1939, through April 22, 1940
bulk June 28, 1939, through July 4, 1939
Summary:
This collection consists of a scrapbook, "To Europe By Air," assembled by railroad executive William J. Eck to document his trip June 28 to July 4, 1939, on Pan American Airways' (PAA) first transatlantic passenger flight on the Boeing Model 314 Clipper "Dixie Clipper" flying boat and containing information on its crew, passengers, and ports of call.
Scope and Contents:
This collection consists of a scrapbook, "To Europe By Air," assembled by William J. Eck to document his trip on Pan American Airways' (PAA) first transatlantic passenger flight, and containing information on the Boeing Model 314 Clipper "Dixie Clipper" (r/n NC-18605) flying boat and its crew, passengers, and ports of call. The scrapbook is particularly rich in ephemera, with many illustrations trimmed from brochures used to embellish the black paper album pages. Contents include ephemera from the Pennsylvania Railroad (on which Eck started and ended his trip from his home in Washington, D. C.), Pan American Airways (PAA), Air France, Hotel Aviz (Lisbon), Splendide Hotel (Marseille), Hotel Plaza-Athenée (Paris), and various tourist sites; photographs; telegrams; greeting cards; maps; menus; post cards; postage stamps; a first day cover; newspaper clippings (predominantly in English, but also in Portuguese and French); PAA receipts and press releases; copy photographs of Eck's PAA tickets, ticket folder, and baggage claim check; photographs of commemorative cigarette cases presented to Eck and PAA pilot R. O. D. Sullivan; and clippings and ephemera relating fellow passengers' stories: Russell Sabor, James McVittie (who continued on to Chicago immediately after landing in New York on the return trip), Gwladys Whitney (Mrs. Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney), Anne Lyon Haight (Mrs. Sherman Post Haight, who also flew aboard the Clipper that inaugurated the mail route between North and South America in 1931). Also included is a transcript of interviews with the passengers recorded on board the "Dixie Clipper" during the eastbound flight: Russell Sabor, William J. Eck, Mrs. Sherman Haight, Captain Torkild Rieber, Clara Adams, C. V. Whitney, Mrs. Juan Trippe, Mr. and Mrs. Graham B. Grosvenor, Mr. and Mrs. E. O. McDonnell, Roger Lapham, James McVittie, and Louis Gimbel; and on the westbound flight: J. Carroll Cone (Manager of the Atlantic Division of Pan American Airways Company).
Arrangement:
The scrapbook is arranged chronologically.
Biographical / Historical:
William John Eck (1876-1957) graduated from Iowa State University in 1895 with a degree in electrical engineering and went to work in the telephone industry. In 1898, at the outbreak of the Spanish-American War, Eck joined the United States Army and was sent to the Philippines; after a year Eck transferred to the U.S. Quartermaster Department and spent his next three years at sea, eventually making a trip around the world. After leaving the Army, Eck switched to the railroad business, joining the Southern Railway in 1905. Over time, travel—particularly air travel—became a serious hobby for Eck, and by the early 1930s, he had become a pioneer passenger on several early airline routes. In 1931, after chatting to Pan American Airways (PAA) pilots on a flight to Santiago, Chile, Eck contacted PAA to apply for a ticket on PAA's first transatlantic passenger flight, whenever that might occur. Eight years later, Eck was delighted to be contacted by PAA with the news that he had been designated Passenger No. 1 on the historic flight, departing Port Washington, New York, on Wednesday, June 28, 1939, aboard the Boeing Model 314 "Dixie Clipper." The flight, carrying 22 passengers, was made via Horta, Azores, with an overnight stay at Lisbon, Portugal, on June 29, finishing at Marseille, France, on June 30. Eck continued on to Paris via a land-based Air France flight. Eck and many of the outbound passengers were also on the return flight of the "Dixie Clipper," departing Marseilles on Sunday, July 2, and following the same route to return to New York on Tuesday, July 4, 1939. At the time of the flight Eck, a resident of Washington, D. C., was Assistant to the Vice President, Southern Railway Company. The newspapers noted that Eck, a widower who had recently married his second wife, Emily Magdalene Kleb, three months earlier on March 20, 1939, was unable to take her along on the flight as he had only the single ticket bought well before their marriage.
Provenance:
Unknown gift, circa 1940-1967.
Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Topic:
Aeronautics  Search this
Aeronautics, Commercial  Search this
Airlines  Search this
Pan American World Airways, Inc. -- Memorabilia  Search this
Boeing Model 314 Clipper Family  Search this
Citation:
William John Eck: First Pan American Airlines Transatlantic Flight Scrapbook, Acc. XXXX.0309, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
NASM.XXXX.0309
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nasm-xxxx-0309
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View William John Eck: First Pan American Airlines Transatlantic Flight Scrapbook digital asset number 1
Online Media:

Newspaper Articles

Collection Creator:
Scott, Blanche Stuart, 1889-1970  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 4
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1911 - 1955
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access.
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests.
Collection Citation:
Blanche Stuart Scott Collection, Acc. NASM.XXXX.0062, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Blanche Stuart Scott Collection
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-xxxx-0062-ref13
1 Page(s) matching your search term, top most relevant are shown: View entire project in transcription center
  • View Newspaper Articles digital asset number 1

Bendix Trophy Race, 1937

Collection Creator:
Bendix Corporation.  Search this
Bendix Aviation Corp  Search this
Container:
Box 1, Folder 12
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1937
Collection Restrictions:
No restrictions on access
Collection Rights:
Material is subject to Smithsonian Terms of Use. Should you wish to use NASM material in any medium, please submit an Application for Permission to Reproduce NASM Material, available at Permissions Requests
Collection Citation:
Bendix Air Races Collection, Acc. NASM.1988.0115, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
See more items in:
Bendix Air Races Collection
Bendix Air Races Collection / Series 2: Bendix Trophy Races by Year
Archival Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-nasm-1988-0115-ref527
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Frank K. M. Rehn Galleries records

Creator:
Frank K. M. Rehn Galleries  Search this
Names:
Bartlett, Frederic Clay, 1873-1953  Search this
Bellows, George, 1882-1925  Search this
Brook, Alexander, 1898-1980  Search this
Burchfield, Charles Ephraim, 1893-1967  Search this
Chappell, Warren, 1904-  Search this
Clancy, John C., 1897-1981  Search this
Coleman, Glenn O., 1887-1932  Search this
Cook, Howard Norton, 1901-1980  Search this
Cuthbert, Virginia, 1908-2001  Search this
Dasburg, Andrew, 1887-1979  Search this
Gellatly, John, 1853-1931  Search this
Hawthorne, Charles Webster, 1872-1930  Search this
Henri, Robert, 1865-1929  Search this
Hopper, Edward, 1882-1967  Search this
Hopper, Jo N. (Josephine Nivison), 1883-1968  Search this
James, Alexander, 1890-1946  Search this
Kroll, Leon, 1884-1974  Search this
Luks, George Benjamin, 1867-1933  Search this
Mangravite, Peppino, 1896-  Search this
Marsh, Felicia Meyer, 1912-1978  Search this
Marsh, Reginald, 1898-1954  Search this
McFee, Henry Lee, 1886-1953  Search this
Melchers, Gari, 1860-1932  Search this
Orton, J. Robert  Search this
Pepper, Charles Hovey, 1864-1950  Search this
Phillips, Duncan, 1886-1966  Search this
Poor, Henry Varnum, 1887-1970  Search this
Russo, Alexander  Search this
Spalding, John T.  Search this
Sparhawk-Jones, Elizabeth, 1885-1968  Search this
Speicher, Eugene Edward, 1883-1962  Search this
Spruance, Benton, 1904-1967  Search this
Strater, Henry, 1896-  Search this
Tucker, Allen, 1866-1939  Search this
Tucker, Richard Derby, 1903-  Search this
Winters, Denny Sonke, 1907-1985  Search this
Young, Mahonri Mackintosh, 1877-1957  Search this
Extent:
21.8 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Photographs
Date:
1858-1969
bulk 1919-1968
Summary:
The Frank K. M. Rehn Galleries records measure 21.8 linear feet and are dated 1858-1969 (bulk 1919-1968). The records consist mainly of business correspondence with collectors, artists, museums and arts organizations, colleagues, and others. A small amount of Frank K. M. Rehns personal correspondence and a few stray personal papers of individual artists are interfiled. Also included are financial records, scrapbooks, printed matter, miscellaneous records, and photographs documenting most of the history of a highly regarded New York City art gallery devoted to American painting.
Scope and Content Note:
The Frank K. M. Rehn Galleries records measure 21.8 linear feet and are dated 1858-1969 (bulk 1919-1968). The records consist mainly of business correspondence with collectors, artists, museums and arts organizations, colleagues, and others. A small amount of Frank K. M. Rehn's personal correspondence and a few stray personal papers of individual artists are interfiled. Also included are financial records, scrapbooks, printed matter, miscellaneous records, and photographs documenting most of the history of a highly regarded New York art gallery devoted to American painting.

Series 1: Correspondence contains correspondence with artists, museums and arts organizations, collectors, colleagues, and others documents the workings of Rehn Galleries from its earliest days through 1968. A small amount of Frank K. M. Rehn's personal correspondence and a few scattered personal papers of individual artists are interfiled with the business correspondence.

Series 2: Financial Records includes banking, insurance, and investment records, tax returns and related documentation, miscellaneous financial records and paid bills. Among the insurance records are detailed monthly schedules listing paintings with titles, artists, and insurance values. Miscellaneous financial records include inventories of gallery stock, notes regarding business expenses and income, and receipt books recording incoming paintings. Also included are a small number of items concerning the personal business of Frank Rehn and John Clancy.

Five volumes of Scrapbooks (Series 3) contain clippings and a small number of exhibition catalogs documenting the activities of Rehn Galleries and many of its associated artists. Additional Printed Matter in Series 4 includes material relating to Rehn Galleries and its artists, as well as publications produced by Rehn Galleries. General, art-related printed matter consists of articles, auction catalogs, advertisements, and publications of various museums, arts organizations, and schools. There is also material about artists not affiliated with Rehn Galleries. Additional printed items concern miscellaneous subjects that are not art-related.

Series 5: Miscellaneous Records, includes artwork, lists and notes, and writings. Photographs in Series 6 are of people including artists represented by Rehn as well as several not affiliated with the gallery. Noticeably absent are likenesses of Frank Rehn and John Clancy. Photographs of works of art are by Rehn Galleries' artists and others. Reginald Marsh's photographs consist of family and personal photographs that were either given to Rehn Galleries or perhaps loaned for research use, and include views of Marsh from early childhood through later life, photographs of family and friends, and a small family album. Also included are photographs are of Marsh's childhood drawings.
Arrangement:
Series 1: Correspondence is arranged alphabetically and Series 3: Scrapbooks is in rough chronological order. Series 2, and 4-6 are arranged in categories, as indicated in the Series Descriptions/Container Listing. Unless otherwise noted, items within each folder are arranged chronologically.

The collection is arranged into 6 series:

Series 1: Correspondence, 1858-1969, undated (Boxes 1-15; 14.4 linear ft.; Reels 5849-5869)

Series 2: Financial Records, 1919-1968, undated (Boxes 15-17; 2.6 linear ft; Reel 5869)

Series 3: Scrapbooks, 1919-1940 (Boxes 23-24; 0.6 linear ft.; Reels 5869-5870)

Series 4: Printed Matter, 1882-1969, undated (Boxes 18-20; 2.4 linear ft.; Reels 5870-5872)

Series 5: Miscellaneous Records, circa 1920-1968 (Boxes 20-21; 0.7 linear ft; Reel 5872)

Series 6: Photographs, 1871-1966, undated (Boxes 22, 24, OV 25; 1.0 linear ft.; Reel 5872)
Historical Note:
Frank K. M. Rehn (1886-1956), son of the marine painter Frank Knox Morton Rehn, after several years' experience as an employee of the Milch Galleries and as exhibition manager for the Salmagundi Club, opened his own art gallery in 1918. In its earliest years, the gallery operated as the Galleries of Frank K. M. Rehn. From the mid 1920s through the mid 1940s, the name used was Frank K. M. Rehn Galleries. As early as 1946, the gallery was referred to simply as Rehn Galleries. The gallery closed in 1981.

Throughout its existence, Rehn Galleries specialized in representing American painters. During the first five years Rehn's operation was a private gallery at 6 West 50th Street, New York City. Among the artists he first represented were older, established men such as J. Alden Weir, George Inness, Alexander Wyant, Theodore Robinson, Thomas Dewing, and John H. Twachtman. Occasionally, Rehn handled works by such luminaries of the period as Robert Henri, George Luks, and John Singer Sargent. Among the living artists affiliated with the gallery in its first years were Daniel Garber, Walter Griffin, Dodge MacKnight, and Robert Spencer. Rehn's most popular artist during this time was Childe Hassam, who sued for recovery of a painting that, although acquired by Rehn through a reputable dealer, had been stolen from Hassam's studio many years earlier.

Despite the newspaper publicity surrounding Hassam's lawsuit, the business was a successful venture almost immediately. Very early, a number of important collectors including Duncan Phillips, John Gellatly, John T. Spaulding, Albert McVitty, E. W. Root, and C. Vanderbilt Barton displayed confidence in Rehn's judgment and integrity, which enhanced his gallery's reputation and stature among both collectors and artists. In 1923, the gallery moved to 693 Fifth Avenue and began operating as Rehn Galleries, a commercial gallery in the same building that housed in a building that housed Kennedy and Company and the Bourgeois Galleries. At this time, Rehn hired an assistant, John C. Clancy (1897-1981), who had formerly been with Henry Reinhardt and Son and M. Knoedler.

The Rehn Galleries soon enjoyed a regular following among museum curators and collectors visiting from out of town. The gallery's roster of artists grew along with its reputation. Rehn focused almost exclusively on American painters, occasionally showing drawings and prints by artists who were primarily painters; notable exceptions were sculptor Mahonri Young and Henry Varnum Poor who, in addition to being a painter, was known for his work in ceramics. Among the painters eventually represented were: Peggy Bacon, George Bellows, Alexander Brook, Charles Burchfield, John F. Carlson, John Carroll, Howard Cook, Jon Corbino, Virginia Cuthbert, Andrew Dasberg, Sidney Gross, Edward Hopper, Alexander James, Irving Kaufmann, Yeffe Kimball, Leon Kroll, Peppino Mangravite, Reginald and Felicia Meyer Marsh, Henry Mattson, Henry Lee McFee, Kenneth Hayes Miller, Charles Rosen, Robert Riggs, Alexander Russo, Elizabeth Sparhawk-Jones, Eugene Speicher, Henry Strater, Richard Derby Tucker, Franklin C. Watkins, and Denny Winters.

In 1930, Rehn Galleries moved one block south to the Air France Building at 683 Fifth Avenue, and remained there for thirty years. John C. Clancy, Rehn's long-time assistant, became Gallery Director in 1953 after a stroke prevented Rehn from continuing to run his business in an active capacity. Eventually, Rehn's widow sold Clancy the gallery, which he continued to operate under varying names, including Rehn Gallery, Frank K. M. Rehn Galleries, Frank Rehn Gallery, and Rehn Galleries. From 1960 until 1966, The Rehn Galleries were at 36 East 61st Street from 1960 until 1966, when the gallery moved to a space formerly occupied by Kootz Gallery at 855 Madison Avenue, where it remained in business for another fifteen years.
Related Material:
John Clancy interview by Paul Cummings, July 10, 1970. Oral History Program, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.

Samuel Adler Papers, 1902-1979. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Contains a recording (1 cassette; untranscribed) of Beverly Chesler interviewing John Clancy about the history of Rehn Galleries, 1973; Samuel Adler is present and participates briefly in the interview.

In addition, the Archives of American Art has among its collections personal papers and oral history interviews of artists and collectors associated with the Rehn Galleries. Researchers are advised to conduct a name search in the Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS).
Provenance:
The Frank K. M. Rehn Galleries records were loaned by John Clancy for microfilming in 1959; in 1966, this same material was donated to the Archives. Mr. Clancy made subsequent gifts of additional gallery records in 1978 and 1981. In 1985, the Whitney Museum of American Art donated to the Archives correspondence with Edward Hopper that John Clancy had loaned the museum many years earlier. A death mask of George Luks received with the collection is on extended loan to the National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution.
Restrictions:
The collection has been digitized and is available online via AAA's website.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- New York (State) -- New York  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Function:
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State)
Genre/Form:
Scrapbooks
Sketchbooks
Photographs
Citation:
Frank K. M. Rehn Galleries records, 1858-1969 (bulk 1919-1968). Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.franrehg
See more items in:
Frank K. M. Rehn Galleries records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-franrehg
Online Media:

Robert Schoelkopf Gallery records

Creator:
Robert Schoelkopf Gallery  Search this
Names:
Zabriskie Gallery  Search this
Andrejevic, Milet, 1925-  Search this
Aponovich, James, 1948-  Search this
Bailey, William, 1930-2020  Search this
Bell, Leland  Search this
Brassaï, 1899-  Search this
Cameron, Julia Margaret Pattle, 1815-1879  Search this
Cartier-Bresson, Henri, 1908-  Search this
Cornell, Joseph  Search this
Dawson, Manierre, 1887-1969  Search this
Driggs, Elsie, 1898-1992  Search this
Erlebacher, Martha Mayer  Search this
Evans, Walker, 1903-1975  Search this
Fiske, Gertrude, 1878-1961  Search this
Freund, Gisèle  Search this
Horton, William S., 1865-1936  Search this
Ito, Miyoko, 1918-1983  Search this
Lachaise, Gaston, 1882-1935  Search this
Laderman, Gabriel, 1929-  Search this
Ligare, David  Search this
Matthiasdottir, Louisa  Search this
Matulka, Jan, 1890-1972  Search this
Myers, Ethel  Search this
Nadelman, Elie, 1882-1946  Search this
Schoelkopf, Robert J., 1927-1991  Search this
Stella, Joseph, 1877-1946  Search this
Storrs, John Henry Bradley, 1885-1956  Search this
Wiesenfeld, Paul  Search this
Extent:
29 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gallery records
Illustrated letters
Photographs
Date:
1851-1991
bulk 1962-1991
Summary:
The collection comprises 29 linear feet of records that document the day-to-day administration of the Robert Schoelkopf Gallery from 1962 to 1991, with additional items predating the founding of the gallery from 1851 to 1961. The collection records artist and client relations, exhibitions, and daily business transactions through artist files, correspondence, printed matter, and photographic material.
Scope and Content Note:
The records of the Robert Schoelkopf Gallery comprise 29 linear feet of material from 1851 to 1991, with some items predating the founding of the gallery. The bulk of the records date from 1962 to 1991, providing researchers with fairly comprehensive coverage of the gallery's development and operations from its inception in 1962 until its closure in 1991. Items dated prior to 1962 relate principally to the period of transition during which Robert Schoelkopf ended his partnership with the Zabriskie Gallery and established his own business. There are also some items relating to artists of the nineteenth and early twentieth century.

The collection consists primarily of artist files documenting relations with contemporary artists, representation of deceased artists, and other works of art handled by the gallery. It also chronicles the gallery's exhibition schedule and the day-to-day administration of the business. The types of material that can be found here include correspondence, exhibition inventories, price lists, accounting and consignment records, shipping and insurance records, printed material, and photographs.

The collection is a valuable source of information on twentieth-century American art history, focusing primarily on early-twentieth-century modernists as well as an important group of American realist painters and sculptors from the latter half of the century. The collection illuminates, in detail, the developing market for these schools and, in the case of the latter group, provides personal insights from artists on the realist perspective.

The records also document the Robert Schoelkopf Gallery's significant contribution to the resurgence of interest in fine art photography during the 1960s and 1970s as reflected in an increase in the value of works by important American photographers such as Walker Evans.

Much of the outgoing correspondence from the gallery consists of copies of letters written by Robert Schoelkopf, with additional business being handled by assistant staff and, from the mid-1970s, Schoelkopf's wife, Laura Jane Schoelkopf. The records offer insight into the personalities of the Schoelkopfs and how their congenial and candid management style influenced their relationships with the contemporary artists they represented.
Arrangement:
Originally the collection was organized as one large file arranged alphabetically by folder title, with titles ranging from names of artists to general subject headings such as "Correspondence." During processing it became clear that the gallery delineated operations into three main functions: artist relations, client-dealer relations, and exhibitions. Consequently the collection is arranged as three main series based on these areas of concern. A small group of miscellaneous photographs of artists constitutes an additional series at the end of the collection.

Originally paper records throughout the collection were generally arranged chronologically, although this order was not strictly adhered to. Frequently, correspondence and memoranda were attached to related records going back several years. To preserve the relationship between such documents, records stapled together in this way have been left together. They are arranged in reverse chronological order and filed in the folder corresponding to the primary date (i.e., the date of the first and most recent paper in the group). Researchers should be aware that date ranges provided on folders refer to the primary dates of documents contained therein and that some items in the folder may predate that range. Otherwise, the general chronological scheme has been retained throughout the collection, with undated material placed at the beginning of the appropriate file.

Printed material is arranged in chronological order, with undated material at the beginning of the folder, and may include press releases, exhibition announcements, exhibition catalogs, posters, clippings from newspapers, magazines, and journals, and other publicity material. Large amounts of printed material are broken down into several discrete folder units.

The most consistent labeling system for photographic material apparent throughout the collection was title of work of art. The majority of images are not dated with a printing date or the date that the work of art was produced, and although many of them have a processing number, these are by no means consistent and there are no master lists that can be used to interpret them. Consequently, images are arranged primarily by media type and then alphabetically by title. Untitled images are placed at the beginning of a media group; "the" in a title is ignored. Exceptions to this method are addressed in the appropriate series descriptions.

Files labeled "Photographs of Works of Art" will typically include any or all of the following: black-and-white copy prints, black-and-white transparencies, color transparencies, slide transparencies, Polaroid prints, color snapshots, contact sheets, and separation sheets. Often the same image will be duplicated in several different formats. Any notes on photographic material found in or on the original folder in which the material was filed have been preserved with the material or transcribed onto a sheet of acid-free paper that either encloses or is placed directly before the item to which the information applies.

The designation "General" indicates that a file may contain any or all of the types of material outlined above.

Series 1: Artist Files, 1851-1991, undated (Boxes 1-23; 23 linear ft.)

Series 2: General Business Files, 1960-1991, undated (Boxes 24-28; 4.74 linear ft.)

Series 3: Group Exhibition Files, 1960-1988, undated (Boxes 28-29; 1 linear ft.)

Series 4: Photographs of Artists, undated (Box 29; 0.25 linear ft.)
Historical Note:
Robert Schoelkopf, Jr., was born in Queens, New York, in 1927. He graduated from Yale College in 1951 with a bachelor of arts degree and then taught briefly at his alma mater while conducting graduate research in art history. Schoelkopf began his career in commercial art in 1957 as an independent dealer of American painting and sculpture and became a member of the Art Dealers Association of America in 1958. In 1959 he formed a partnership with Virginia Zabriskie, of the Zabriskie Gallery in New York, which lasted until 1962. The gallery exhibited late-nineteenth and early-twentieth-century American painting, together with contemporary painting of a somewhat conservative style.

In 1962 Schoelkopf signed a three-year lease for the fourth floor of a building at 825 Madison Avenue in New York, where he opened the Robert Schoelkopf Gallery. From the outset, Schoelkopf aimed to specialize in American painting of the nineteenth and twentieth century and sculpture of all schools. He predicted a burgeoning market for the Hudson River School in particular, believing that American painting was increasingly perceived as being worthy of serious attention. In a letter dated January 3, 1963, Schoelkopf congratulated John Spencer for his decision to collect nineteenth-century American paintings for the Allen Memorial Art Museum at Oberlin College, assuring him that "progressive chauvanism [ sic] will operate to elevate prices in American painting. Every year more colleges teach Art History, and soon they shall have reached the level of sophistication and development where they will be obliged (for face) to offer tuition in specifically American art - hitherto neglected of academicians.... I and many other dealers have plans for exhibitions of nineteenth-century American painting, especially the Hudson River School."

Schoelkopf's instincts regarding the Hudson River School were undoubtedly correct, and consequently nineteenth-century American painters formed a permanent mainstay of his inventory. He is perhaps remembered more, however, for his dedication to reviving interest in lesser-known American painters from the turn-of-the-century who were impressionist or modernist in style. Schoelkopf developed something of a reputation for unearthing forgotten talent that, while sometimes mediocre or inconsistent, was occasionally exceptional and certainly worthy of note. He was committed to reinstalling Joseph Stella in the pantheon of major American artists, representing Stella's estate from 1963 to 1971 and holding regular exhibitions of the artist's work from 1962 on. In 1969 the gallery held the first New York exhibition of the paintings of Manierre Dawson, who was subsequently acclaimed by the critics for his important and innovative contributions to modernism. In 1970 Schoelkopf began showing the work of Jan Matulka, an artist whose work had been neglected since the 1930s, and his enthusiastic representation of the Matulka estate paved the way for a retrospective at the Whitney Museum of American Art in 1979.

Schoelkopf's interest in turn-of-the-century artists also extended to sculptors such as John Flannagan, Ethel Myers, Elie Nadelman, and John Henry Bradley Storrs, and he directed considerable energy to furthering Gaston Lachaise's reputation as an artist of major stature. When Lachaise died at the peak of his career in 1935, his estate was left to his wife, Isabel, and in 1957 to Isabel's son, Edward. When Edward died shortly thereafter, John B. Pierce, Jr., a nephew of Isabel Lachaise, was appointed trustee of the estate and formed the Lachaise Foundation. In 1962 Pierce entered an agreement with Robert Schoelkopf and Felix Landau to represent Lachaise's sculpture on the East and West Coasts, respectively. In this capacity Schoelkopf helped to launch a major retrospective of the artist's work at the Whitney Museum of American Art in 1964 and a traveling exhibition that began circulating in 1967.

The gallery's other major commitment was to painting and sculpture by contemporary American realists, many of whom worked in a figurative style and explored elements of allegory and classical mythology in their work, presenting landscapes, still lifes, and portraits from a realist perspective. The bulk of the gallery's exhibitions were, in fact, of work by contemporary artists, including metaphysical still-life painter William Bailey, colorist Leland Bell, figurative painter Martha Mayer Erlebacher, landscape and narrative painter Gabriel Laderman, and Icelandic artist Louisa Matthiasdottir. William Bailey was one of the gallery's most commercially successful artists, and his first one-person exhibition in New York was held there in 1968. Demand for Bailey's paintings often far exceeded his output, and by the late 1970s Schoelkopf invariably sold out his exhibitions and had compiled a lengthy waiting list for his work.

In its early years the Robert Schoelkopf Gallery contributed considerably to the development of interest in fine art photography that fostered an increasingly lucrative market for photographic prints during the 1960s and 1970s. In 1965 Schoelkopf began incorporating photography into the gallery's exhibition schedule and, in the spring of 1974, opened a gallery dedicated to photography on the second floor at 825 Madison Avenue. Between 1965 and 1979 Schoelkopf's was the only serious New York gallery dealing in painting and sculpture that also regularly exhibited photography as fine art. His interests lay primarily in antiquarian photography and the work of nineteenth-century and twentieth-century masters including Eugéne Atget, Mathew Brady, James Robertson, and Carleton Watkins. Schoelkopf organized shows examining specific photographic processes, the photogravure and the cyanotype, and presented surveys of genres such as portrait and landscape photography. In 1967 he held the first exhibition in many years of the work of Julia Margaret Cameron, an important figure in the history of Victorian photography, timing it to coincide with a show at the Metropolitan Museum of Art that focused on Cameron as one of four Victorian photographers.

Schoelkopf also handled the work of several influential contemporaries, most notably Brassaï, Henri Cartier-Bresson, Walker Evans, and Gisèle Freund. The gallery held Freund's first exhibition in the United States in 1975 and was, for a time, the only place in New York where one could see and purchase prints by Cartier-Bresson. Schoelkopf began exhibiting Evans's work in 1966 and regularly thereafter, including a 1971 exhibition that coincided with a major retrospective at the Museum of Modern Art.

In the fall of 1976 the second-floor gallery space was turned over to Marcuse (Cusie) Pfeifer, then the gallery's director, who planned to use it to show the work of young photographers in a gallery under her own name. Schoelkopf continued to hold several photography exhibitions a year in the fourth-floor gallery but decided to concentrate primarily on nineteenth-century masters.

In March 1971 a fire in the building at Madison Avenue resulted in substantial water damage to the gallery space. Although very little of the inventory was destroyed, the incident forced Schoelkopf to close until September. This temporary loss of revenue compounded with a nationwide recession cut into Schoelkopf's financial resources and left him questioning his commission policy and his level of commitment to contemporary work in all media. A letter to artist Adolph Rosenblatt dated May 3, 1971, records how Schoelkopf had become increasingly disenchanted with "all contemporary work" and would begin taking 40 percent commission on sales, instead of 33.3 percent. "Beside the matter of enthusiasm is the matter of economics," Schoelkopf remarked, "and the last year and a half have been really dreadful for the art business."

This difficult period was followed immediately by more prosperous times. January 1973 proved to be the gallery's most successful month to date, encouraging Schoelkopf to purchase a house in Chappaqua, New York, later that year. In November 1974 Schoelkopf wrote to Anthony D'Offay that business "is as slow as it has ever been, but what sales we make are big ones" and revealed that auctions had, at that point, become his primary avenue for trade.

Around 1975 Schoelkopf's wife of eleven years, Laura Jane Schoelkopf, began working in the gallery. Although seemingly dubious of the work at first, she became a considerable asset to the business and reputedly complemented her husband's relationship with the gallery's contemporary artists through her warmth and hospitality, qualities often noted by artists who corresponded regularly with the couple.

The financial instability that characterized the 1970s undoubtedly influenced Schoelkopf's decision to cease exhibiting photography in 1979. By 1978 however, his investment in early-twentieth-century art appeared to be paying off. Jan Matulka, Joseph Stella, and John Henry Bradley Storrs had all been represented in exhibitions at major museums, and sales of their work had increased considerably. Gaston Lachaise's reputation continued to grow, and the traveling exhibition still circulated, garnering far more interest than had originally been anticipated.

Although contemporary artists continued to take up the largest portion of the gallery's changing exhibitions, Schoelkopf's interest in contemporary work was growing more conservative, tending toward a narrower focus on the narrative and allegorical. By 1979 he no longer exhibited contemporary sculpture, admitting to a lack of enthusiasm for the work of any of the current figurative sculptors and a dislike of all contemporary abstract work. In a letter to Lillian Delevoryas, dated March 17, 1982, he confessed, "With age has come a hardening of the aesthetic arteries perhaps. What we have been showing is realism, but getting tighter all the time."

In April 1984 the gallery was moved to 50 West Fifty-seventh Street, and, during the years that followed, the Schoelkopfs pared down the number of contemporary artists they represented, handling only those to whom they felt most strongly committed while continuing to specialize in nineteenth-century and early-twentieth-century American painting and sculpture. As the gallery approached its thirtieth anniversary, Schoelkopf's achievements were considerable. He had operated a successful New York gallery for almost three decades, rejuvenated the reputations of several important American artists, and was respected by artists and clients alike for the integrity, intelligence, and humor with which he conducted his business affairs. In 1987 he had been appointed to the board of trustees of the Williamstown Regional Art Conservation Laboratory. By this time he was also a member of the advisory board to the National Academy of Design, and in 1988 he became a co-trustee of the Joseph and Robert Cornell Memorial Foundation.

In March 1990, Robert Schoelkopf was diagnosed with leukemia and underwent a regimen of cancer treatment that resulted in a brief remission by the summer. Schoelkopf returned to work temporarily, but by 1991 his condition had worsened and he died in April of that year. Having known for some time that her husband's prognosis was poor, Laura Jane Schoelkopf had apparently decided that she would not continue the gallery in the event of his death. With the help of the youngest of their two sons, Andrew, she settled final accounts and assisted the gallery's contemporary artists in finding representation elsewhere before closing the business in August 1991.
Provenance:
Twenty-seven linear feet of records were donated to the Archives of American Art by Laura Jane Schoelkopf, Robert Schoelkopf's widow, and the Coe Kerr Gallery in 1991 and 1992. An additional gift of 3.4 linear feet was donated by Laura Jane Schoelkopf in 1996. The collection was reduced slightly during processing.
Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment.
Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Topic:
Art, Modern -- 20th century  Search this
Works of art  Search this
Photography, Artistic  Search this
Realism  Search this
Art, American  Search this
Function:
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State)
Genre/Form:
Gallery records
Illustrated letters
Photographs
Citation:
Robert Schoelkopf Gallery records, 1851-1991, bulk 1962-1991. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.robeschg
See more items in:
Robert Schoelkopf Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-robeschg
Online Media:

Artist Files

Collection Creator:
Robert Schoelkopf Gallery  Search this
Extent:
(boxes 1-23, 23 linear ft.)
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1851-1991, undated
Scope and Contents note:
This series forms the core of the collection and comprises files relating to more than three hundred artists whose work the gallery represented or handled at some point. The main types of material that can be found here include correspondence with artists and clients interested in borrowing, consigning, or purchasing their work; printed material documenting exhibitions of individual artists at the Robert Schoelkopf Gallery and related events; general reference material about gallery artists; photographic images of works of art dealt with by the gallery; and photographs of artists. Items of particular interest are noted in parentheses after the folder title.

Individual artists are represented by groups of material ranging from a single file to several linear feet of files, depending on the gallery's level of involvement with their work. Groups of files of particular interest are described in greater detail below. A list of all known group and one-person exhibitions held at the gallery is provided as an appendix and can be used to identify the dates of exhibitions for specific artists.

Relations with many of the gallery's contemporary artists are particularly well documented in this series. The gallery's interest in figurative painting that incorporated elements of allegory, myth, fantasy, and dreams is evinced in files relating to artists such as Milet Andrejevic, Bruno Civitico, Martha Mayer Erlebacher, and David Ligare. Gabriel Laderman, another artist who worked extensively with allegorical themes, is also well represented in this series, and of particular interest are his letters describing his experiences living and working in Malaysia. Correspondence files relating to the painter Caren Canier contain personal letters from the artist that detail her attitude to her work and her relationships with her husband, artist Langdon Quin, and their two children. Paul Wiesenfeld, a realist painter who specialized in portraits and finely detailed interiors, also wrote to the gallery from Germany disclosing aspects of his personal life that affected his work. Correspondence with sculptor Isabel McIlvain contains detailed explanations by the artist of her attitudes to her work and her sculpting methods. McIlvain's files also chronicle her commission to produce a sculpture of John F. Kennedy that was unveiled in Boston in 1990.

Files relating to William Bailey record many aspects of his relationship with the Schoelkopfs. Correspondence files primarily comprise letters to and from clients interested in Bailey's work but are interspersed with correspondence with Bailey and his wife that often details personal aspects of their lives as well as providing insight into Bailey's artistic development and his experiences living in Italy, where he and his family resided much of the time. Consignments and sales of Bailey's work are well documented here, as is the gallery's role in the compilation and publication of three books about the artist. An extensive collection of news clippings records various stages of his career and the growth of his commercial success.

Two substantial groups of files document the gallery's representation of painter Louisa Matthiasdottir and her husband, Leland Bell. Correspondence with Bell includes mention of his time spent in Europe and his teaching experiences, and reveals his sardonic wit.

Several files of correspondence with Miyako Ito offer rich insight into a short period during the artist's life. The bulk of the material comprises letters written by Ito to Robert Schoelkopf in 1960 and 1961, occasionally on a daily basis and often of a very poetic and deeply reflective and emotional nature.

Folders relating to Joseph Cornell contain some correspondence with the artist that offers insight into his personality. They also record Schoelkopf's bid, albeit in vain, to represent the artist's estate following his death in 1972 and the gallery's commitment to Cornell through continued consignment of his work.

Files concerning Manierre Dawson document the gallery's representation of the artist's estate and arrangements for the first one-person exhibition of his paintings in New York only a few months before his death in the summer of 1969. The files include correspondence with Dawson in which he discusses preparations for the exhibition, supplies information concerning dates and locations of his paintings, and expresses concerns about his illness. Letters from Dawson's wife, Lillian, written immediately after his death, can also be found here as well as several marked-up copies of the catalog for the 1969 exhibition that includes an introduction written by the artist. The Dawson files document the activities of the partnership formed by Frank J. McKeown, Jr., Dr. Lewis Obi, and Lefferts L. Mabie, Jr., to purchase paintings from the Dawson estate and provide details of how the partnership worked with Schoelkopf as the sole gallery agency for Dawson's paintings. The files also record the distribution of loans and gifts from the partnership to various art institutions.

More than two feet of records offer detailed coverage of Robert Schoelkopf's interest in Gaston Lachaise and his involvement in the administration of the Lachaise Foundation. Correspondence files chronicle relations among Schoelkopf, John B. Pierce, Jr. (trustee of the foundation), and Felix Landau and record decisions taken regarding publications about the artist, policies for casting and limiting editions of his sculpture, and strategies for promoting Lachaise through exhibitions. The traveling exhibition that opened in September 1967 and was still circulating in 1991 is well documented here, as are other practical concerns such as maintaining accounting and storage records of the artist's work.

Files relating to Ethel Myers include correspondence with the artist's daughter, Virginia Downes, and document Schoelkopf's handling of Myers's estate and his involvement in exhibitions to promote her work. The files include one undated letter and one copy of a letter from Myers to Downes, dated 1941, and a copy of a letter from Henry McBride to Myers from 1913. Copies of autobiographical notes written by Myers about her childhood, artists she knew, her marriage to Jerome Myers, and the outbreak of war in Europe can also be found here.

Several files document the appointment and activities of Robert Schoelkopf and Felix Landau as exclusive agents for the sale of works of art from the estate of Elie Nadelman.

A substantial group of files relating to Joseph Stella chronicle Schoelkopf's involvement with Michael and Sergio Stella, trustees of Joseph Stella's estate, and his representation of the estate from 1963 until 1971, when he withdrew from the position following a dispute over commissions. The gallery continued to consign work from the Stella estate until 1991, and these files contain details of those consignments and reflect Schoelkopf's lifelong commitment to promoting Stella's work.

Files relating to John Henry Bradley Storrs document Schoelkopf's relationship with the artist's daughter, Monique Storrs Booz, who designated Schoelkopf as the new agent for works of art from her father's estate when her contract with the Downtown Gallery was terminated in 1969. Schoelkopf continued to represent Storrs's work when Monique Storrs Booz died in 1985, leaving the estate in the hands of two of the artist's grandchildren. Details of the gallery's relationship with Noel Frackman, who conducted important research on Storrs, can also be found here. Of additional interest are two sets of photographs attributed to John Storrs: a group of eleven platinum prints (apparently there were originally thirteen), primarily portraits of children, and a group of twenty-seven silver gelatin prints of rural and coastal scenes.

Another significant component of this series is the number of files documenting the gallery's relationship with various contemporary photographers. Files of correspondence concerning Brassaï contain substantial correspondence with the photographer himself, who frequently wrote to the gallery in French. Records relating to Walker Evans detail Evans's consignments to the gallery and include some letters from him of a more personal nature, such as one describing his observations during a trip to London in 1966. Photographer Giséle è wrote regularly to the gallery, and her letters include detailed descriptions of the processes she employed in printing her work.

Correspondence relating to Julia Margaret Cameron contains several items of interest including a letter from Cameron dated August 10, 1873, to a Mrs. Way concerning photographs of Way's daughter, and an article on Cameron by Charles Harvard with notes containing biographical details about the photographer.

Within its artist files the gallery retained a group of files marked "Miscellaneous." These files contain small amounts of material, often only one or two pieces, relating to various artists for whom an individual file was not maintained or who were unidentified. These records are placed at the end of the alphabetical files and contain primarily copy prints, transparencies, and slide transparencies. Material is arranged alphabetically by name of artist, with records relating to unidentified artists placed at the beginning. To retain the alphabetical arrangement various media formats are filed together and dated material is interfiled with undated material, which forms the bulk of the contents.

The gallery tended to group various types of paper records together with correspondence in a single file. The term "correspondence" in this series, therefore, refers not only to incoming and outgoing letters but also to accounting and consignment records, reports (such as inventory lists), artists' résumés, exhibition lists, price lists, and other miscellaneous notes. In cases where a certain type of "correspondence" was originally filed separately from other material of this kind, and represents a significant amount of material, that material is filed in a separate folder (e.g., Accounting and Consignment Records).

Generally, arrangement of photographs in this series follows the system outlined under Organization and Arrangement, with some notable exceptions. Photographs of works of art by Gaston Lachaise and Elie Nadelman were originally arranged in a numbering system that is fairly consistent, and this basic original order has been retained. Also, for large groups of photographs of works of art, such as those by Gaston Lachaise, Joseph Stella, and John Henry Bradley Storrs, the gallery filed photographs by media in which the work of art was created; such delineations are reflected in the final arrangement.

The gallery maintained a collection of negatives, primarily of works of art by artists found in Series 1: Artist Files, in addition to other artists not represented there. There is also a small number of negatives of installation shots. The negatives are arranged alphabetically by artist name, with unknown artists at the beginning, and are stored, for preservation reasons, in containers separate from other records in the series. Negative numbers found on the original sleeves have been transcribed onto the paper enclosures now housing the negatives, so that they may be matched to prints in Series 1: Artist Files, in cases where prints exist. An appendix provides an alphabetical list of artists whose work is represented in the negative collection. In some cases, names of artists are incomplete because of insufficient information on the original negative sleeves.

See Appendix A for a list of artists represented in the negatives of works of art found in Series 1.
Appendix A: Artists Represented in Negatives of Works of Art:
Albright, Ivan

[Allston]

Anderson, Lennart

Andrejevic, Milet

Anshutz, Thomas Pollock

Aponovich, James

Bailey, William

Ballaine, G.

Balthus

Barye

Bazelon, Cecile Gray

Beauchamp

Beckwith

Bell, E.

Bell, Leland

Bellows, George

Benton, Thomas Hart

Bernard

Birch, Thomas

[Blauvelk]

Bluemner, Oscar

Blythe, David Gilmour

Bolles, Jesse H.

Bouvier, August

Bradford, William

Branchard, Emile Pierre

Brassaï

Bratby, John

Breckenridge, Hugh H.

Bricher, A. T.

Brook, Alexander

Brown, John George

Burchfield, Charles

Burra, Edward

Carles, Arthur B.

Carlsen

Cartier-Bresson, Henri

Charkow, Natalie

Chase, William Merritt

Chiriani, Richard

Civitico, Bruno

Clark, Alson Skinner

Codman, Charles

Cohen, Frederick

Cole, Thomas

Coleman, Glenn O.

Conrad, Kramer

Cornell, Joseph

Cropsey, Jasper Francis

Currier, [J. Frank]

Dallman, Daniel

Dalou, Jules

Dasburg, Andrew

Daugherty, James Henry

[Davidson]

Davidson, Jo

Davies, Arthur B.

Davis, Stuart

Dawson, Manierre

Degas, Edgar

De Kooning, Willem

Demuth, Charles

Dewing, Thomas Wilmer

Dickinson, Preston

Diederich, William Hunt

[Dix, Otto]

Du Bois, Guy Péne

Duchamp, Marcel

Duveneck, Frank

Eaton

Edmonson, Will

[Eilshemius]

Epstein, [Sir Jacob]

Erlebacher, Martha Mayer

Evans, Walker

Fellini

Fisher, M.

Fiske, Gertrude

Flannagan, John Bernard

Forbes, Charles

Frazier, John Robinson

Freckelton, Sondra

Frieseke, Frederick C.

Gallatin, A. E.

Gay, Walter

Gifford, R. Swain

Gifford, Sanford Robinson

Gignoux, R.

Glackens, William J.

Gleizes, Albers

Goodnough, Robert

Goodwin, Arthur Clifton

Gorky, Arshile

Gorsline

Graham, John

Graham, William

Grant

Grausman, Philip

Graves, Morris

Groz

Guglielmi, Louis

Guillaume

Halsall

Han, Raymond

Hardy, DeWitt

Hart, William

Hartley, Marsden

Hartman, Bertram C.

Harvey, Anne

Hatke, Walter

Hawthorne, Charles Webster

Heade, Martin Johnson

Henri, Robert

Hill, T.

Hirst, Claude R.

Hitchcock

Hohwiller, L. M.

Hopper, Edward

Horton, William S.

Johnson, David

Johnson, Eastman

Johnson, Lester

Jones, Bern

Kane, John

Karfunkle, David

Kelly, L.

Kensett, John Frederick

Klee, Paul

Klimt, Gustav

Kline, Franz

Knaths, Karl

[Kresch]

Kruger, Louise

Kuhn, Walt

Kuniyoshi, Yasuo

Lachaise, Gaston

Laderman, Gabriel

Lawrence, Jacob

Lawson, Ernest

Lechay, Myron

Leibowitz, Leonard

Leutz

Levinson, Abraham F.

Ligare, David

Lipchitz

Luks, George

MacDonald-Wright, Stanton

MacMonnies, Frederick William

Manolo

Manship, Paul

Manzu

Marin, John

Martin, Homer D.

Matthiasdottir, Louisa

Matulka, Jan

Maurer, Alfred Henry

McFee Henry

McIlvain, Isabel

Melchers

Metcalf, Willard Leroy

Mills

[Morandi, Giovanni]

Muybridge, Eadweard

Müller, Jan

Muller, Lisa

Myers, Jerome

Nadelman, Elie

Nakian, Reuben

Nevelson, Louise

Newman, A. L.

Nick, George Bentley

Of, George F.

O'Keeffe, Georgia

Orozco, José Clemente

Peterson, Jane

Peto, John Frederick

Pfreim, Bernard

Picasso, Pablo

Piccolo, Richard

Pollet, Joseph

Pollock, Jackson

Poor, H.

Powers, Hiram

Prendergast, Maurice Brazil

Price

Prior, William Matthew

Quin, Langdon

Raiselis, Richard

Ream, C. P.

Reid, Robert

Richards, William Trost

Rimmer, William

Robinson, T. W.

Rodin, Auguste

Romero, Orozco

Rummelspacher

Russell, Morgan

Ryan, Richard

[Ryder, Albert Pinkham]

Saint-Gaudens, Augustus

Salemme, Antonio

Salemme, Attilio

Sargent, John Singer

Schamberg, Morton L.

Schiele, Egon

Schmidt, Edward

Schultz, E. N.

Scott, J. W. A.

Shahn, Ben

Shaw, Sidney Dale

Sheeler, Charles

Shinn, Everett

Sklarski, Bonnie

Sloan, John

Smith, Hope

Staples, W. L.

Steene

Steichen, Edward

Stella, Joseph

Storrs, John Henry Bradley

Stuart, Frederick, T.

Suba, Miklos

Tamayo, Rufino

Tanguy, Yves

Tanner, Henry Ossawa

Taylor, Henry Fitch

Tillim, Sidney

Touster, Irwin

Turner, Helen

Twachtman, John Henry

Urness, Scott

[V., F.]

Van Beest

Van Everen, Jay

Vedder, Elihu

Vespignani

Vonnoh, Robert William

Walcutt, William

[Wall]

Weber, Max

Weir, Julian Alden

Weiss, George

Whistler, James McNeill

Whittredge, Worthington

Wiesenfeld, Paul

Woking

Wood, Thomas Waterman

Wyant, A. H.

Wyeth, Andrew

Zorach, [William]
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Use requires an appointment.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Robert Schoelkopf Gallery records, 1851-1991, bulk 1962-1991. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.robeschg, Series 1
See more items in:
Robert Schoelkopf Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-robeschg-ref13

Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. records and Paula Cooper Gallery records

Creator:
Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. and Paula Cooper Gallery  Search this
Names:
Park Place Gallery Art Research, Inc.  Search this
Paula Cooper Gallery  Search this
Paula Johnson Gallery  Search this
Bartlett, Jennifer, 1941-  Search this
Campus, Peter, 1937-  Search this
Cooper, Paula, 1938-  Search this
Di Suvero, Mark, 1933-  Search this
Fleming, Dean  Search this
Forakis, Peter  Search this
Grosvenor, Robert, 1937-  Search this
Leonard, Zoe  Search this
Magar, Anthony, 1936-  Search this
Melcher, Tamara  Search this
Murray, Elizabeth, 1940-  Search this
Myers, Forrest Warden, 1941-  Search this
Novros, David, 1941-  Search this
Ruda, Edwin  Search this
Shields, Alan, 1944-  Search this
Smith, Tony, 1912-1980  Search this
Thompson, Bob, 1937-1966  Search this
Valledor, Leo, 1936-1989  Search this
Extent:
50 Linear feet
0.001 Gigabytes
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Gigabytes
Interviews
Transcripts
Photographs
Date:
1961-2006
Summary:
The records of the New York artist-cooperative Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. and the Soho contemporary art gallery Paula Cooper Gallery measure 50 linear feet and 0.001 GB and date from 1961 to 2006. The collection documents the founding of the Park Place Gallery and its artists through correspondence, artists' files, photographic materials, financial records, printed and digital materials, and scattered business records. The bulk of the collection is Paula Cooper Gallery records; nearly two-thirds of which are artists' files containing a variety of materials such as correspondence, printed materials, and photographic materials. Also found is additional business correspondence, business records, financial records, and printed materials for Paula Cooper Gallery, as well as a handful of records from Paula Johnson Gallery.
Scope and Content Note:
The records of the New York artist-cooperative Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. and the Soho contemporary art gallery Paula Cooper Gallery measure 50 linear feet and 0.001 GB and date from 1961 to 2006. The collection documents the founding of the Park Place Gallery and its artists through correspondence, artists' files, photographic materials, financial records, printed and digital materials, and scattered business records. The bulk of the collection is Paula Cooper Gallery records; nearly two-thirds of which are artists' files containing a variety of materials such as correspondence, printed materials, and photographic materials. Also found is additional business correspondence, business records, financial records, and printed materials for Paula Cooper Gallery, as well as a handful of records from Paula Johnson Gallery.

The collection is divided in three series, one series for each gallery represented in this collection. The records in each series are not comprehensive and do not represent the full scope of operations at each gallery. Due to the original arrangement of materials, some records related to Park Place Gallery are found in Series 3, and scattered records related to Paula Cooper Gallery are found in Series 2. Researchers are encouraged to reference both series.

Series 1, Paula Johnson Gallery records, contains six folders and includes an artist file for Bob Thompson; two ledger pages of accounts receivables; scattered exhibition announcements and flyers; two photographs of artwork by Vernon Lobb; tax records, and a handful of legal organizational records.

Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. records are filed in Series 2 and is arranged in five subseries: correspondence, business files, artists' files, financial records, and printed materials. The correspondence is between gallery employees and clients, museums, and other galleries regarding artwork inquiries, sales and exhibitions. Business files are limited in scope and include documents related to the founding of the gallery, a guest book, and one folder of legal and financial records. Artists' Files for eight of the ten Park Place Gallery artists are found: Dean Fleming, Peter Forakis, Tony Magar, Tamara Melcher, Forrest Myers, David Novros, Edwin Ruda, and Leo Valledor. Not present in this collection are files for Mark di Suvero and Robert Grosvenor. Artists' Files contain a variety of materials including artists' statements, bibliographies, biographies, correspondence, exhibition flyers, interview transcripts, clippings and other printed materials, and photographic materials. Financial Records include check ledgers, a general ledger, paid bill receipts, sales invoices, tax forms, and other miscellaneous financial and banking records. Printed Materials include newspaper clippings, gallery announcements, an interview transcript, a handwritten gallery floor plan, and a poster for the 1964 Park Place Invitational Show drawn by Mark di Suvero with artists' names handwritten by Robert Grosvenor.

The bulk of the collection is the records of Paula Cooper Gallery, Series 3. This series contains similar materials as Series 2 and is arranged in the same five subseries. Correspondence includes responses to appraisal requests (1968-1997) and copies of outgoing gallery correspondence from 1985-1999. Business Files contain documentation related to advertising and renovations to the gallery, as well as an artwork inventory book from the early years of the gallery's operation. The bulk of this series is comprised of Artists' Files which contain varied materials such as correspondence with artists, museums, and galleries regarding installations, artwork fabrication, and other business; biographies and bibliographies; exhibition files; printed materials; and photographic materials of artwork and installations. There is considerable documentation for artists Jennifer Bartlett, Peter Campus, Zoe Leonard, Elizabeth Murray, Alan Shields and the estate of Tony Smith. Sales invoices, consignment records, payment ledgers, cancelled checks and other financial materials are found in Financial Records. Printed Materials are comprised of some newspaper and magazine clippings, an interview transcript, and a copy of a manuscript.
Arrangement:
The collection is arranged as 3 series:

Series 1: Paula Johnson Gallery, 1963-1967 (Box 1; 6 folders)

Series 2: Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc., 1961-1973, 1989 (Boxes 1-4, 50-51, OV 52; 4.1 linear feet)

Series 3: Paula Cooper Gallery, 1962-2006 (Boxes 4-49, 51; 45.7 linear feet, ER01; 0.001 GB)
Historical Note:
The artists' cooperative Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. opened in November 1965 at 542 West Broadway, showing the work of ten young contemporary artists. The cooperative did not represent an art movement, but frequently exhibited large-scale, non-figurative, geometric paintings and sculptures.

Many of the gallery's artists had attended art school in California and shared similar ideas about art, community, and collaboration. Since 1962, they had been informally exhibiting together at 79 Park Place and other various New York City locations under the name Park Place Gallery. With the successes of their informal exhibitions, and the loss of their lease at 79 Park Place, the group formalized their cooperative under the umbrella non-profit, Art Research, Inc. in 1965.

The cooperative was comprised of five sculptors, five painters, and five collectors. Members included sculptors Mark di Suvero, Peter Forakis, Robert Grosvenor, Tony Magar, and Forrest Myers; painters Dean Fleming, Tamara Melcher, David Novros, Edwin Ruda, and Leo Valledor; and collectors Virginia Dwan, Allen and Betty Guiberson, J. Patrick Lannan, Vera List, and John and Lupe Murchison. The collectors each donated an artwork by one of the artists for sale in the gallery, as well as financed the gallery's annual operating budget. As compensation, each collector was given one major work of art by each artist every year.

Paula Cooper (nee. Johnson) joined Park Place Gallery in 1966 and she became director in late 1966-early 1967. Previously, from 1964-1966, she ran Paula Johnson Gallery, showing artwork by Bob Thompson and other young artists.

Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. had its first group show in February 1966. In addition to showing art, the gallery occasionally held jazz sessions and other art-related gatherings. The gallery physically closed at the end of July 1967. However, Paula Cooper continued managing the sale of artwork and organized exhibitions at various locations. The final exhibition of Park Place Gallery artists was held at M.I.T. in late spring of 1968.

Paula Cooper opened Paula Cooper Gallery in Soho at 96 Prince Street in 1968. Her gallery is often credited as being the first gallery in Soho and thus paved the way for the migration of uptown galleries to the neighborhood. From the beginning, the gallery showed primarily conceptual and minimalist art and she continued representing some of the Park Place artists. Artists represented by Paula Cooper Gallery and found in this collection include Jennifer Bartlett, Dara Birnbaum, Peter Campus, Michael Hurson, Zoe Leonard, Robert Mangold, Elizabeth Murray, Cady Noland, Adrian Piper, Ulrich Rückriem, Edwin Ruda, Alan Shields, the estate of Tony Smith, Joseph White, Chris Wilmarth, Kes Zapkus, and many others. The gallery continues to operate in Chelsea on West 21st Street.

Sources consulted include "Reimaging Space: the Park Place Gallery Group in 1960s New York" by Linda Dalrymple Henderson, published by Blanton Museum of Art, 2008; and, "Art and Space: Park Place and the beginning of the Paula Cooper Gallery," by Liza Kirwin, 2007 (http://www.aaa.si.edu/exhibitions/paula-cooper).
Related Material:
Related collections found among the holdings of the Archives of America include a sound recording of a lecture given by Paula Cooper (Museum of Fine Arts, Boston sound recordings, May 18, 1983-February 8, 1984); audio tapes which include Paula Cooper (Bruce D. Kurtz video and audio recordings and papers, 1966-1995); and two silent 16mm films by Kenny Schneider (Park Place Gallery artists films, 1967.)
Provenance:
Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. records and Paula Cooper Gallery records were donated by Paula Cooper, director of the galleries, in two accessions in 2006 and 2009.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment.
Rights:
All collection material except photographs: Permission to quote, publish or reproduce requires written permission from Paula Cooper. Contact Reference Services for more information.
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Function:
Art galleries, Commercial -- New York (State)
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Transcripts
Photographs
Citation:
Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. records and Paula Cooper Gallery records, 1961-2006. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Identifier:
AAA.parkplag
See more items in:
Park Place, The Gallery of Art Research, Inc. records and Paula Cooper Gallery records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-parkplag

Exhibitions

Collection Creator:
Midtown Galleries  Search this
Extent:
4 Linear feet
Type:
Archival materials
Date:
1932-1982, undated
Scope and Contents note:
The Exhibitions series includes schedules and information about traveling shows, which were usually group exhibitions built around themes; these records are arranged chronologically. The majority of the records in this series consist of files on particular exhibitions, including both traveling shows and exhibitions held at Midtown Galleries; these records are arranged alphabetically by exhibition title. See the Appendix for .

See Appendix for a chronological list of Midtown Galleries exhibitions documented in Series 2.
Arrangement note:
The series is organized into two subsseries:

2.1: Schedules and General Correspondence, 1932-1982, undated

2.2: Midtown Galleries Exhibition Files, A-Z, 1934-1982, undated
Appendix: List of Midtown Galleries Exhibitions Documented in Series 2:
This list was compiled from announcements and catalogs produced by Midtown Galleries. A few of these were not included with the Midtown Galleries records, but were microfilmed in the mid-1960s as part of an Archives of American Art project to microfilm exhibition catalogs at a number of art libraries. Microfilm reel and frame numbers for these items are indicated in parentheses (reel: frames) immediately following the title. Most are part of Series VII: Printed Matter, and are microfilmed in chronological order; those marked with an asterisk (*) are part of the 1997 addition (5438: 713-838 and 889-932).

DateExhibitionNov. 1-15, 1932 -- Paintings by Bertram Goodman

Dec. 5-29, 1932 -- Paintings by Saul [Berman]

Nov. 7-22, 1933 -- Paintings by Marko Vukovic

Jan. 2-17, 1934 -- Recent Paintings of Nantucket by Margaret Wendell Huntington

Jan. 22-Feb.3, 1934 -- Paintings by Miron Sokole

April 2-17, 1934 -- Watercolors by Eleanor Hine

April 18-May 5, 1934 -- Paintings by Ary Stillman

Oct. 15-27, 1934 -- Paintings by Arthur L. Esner

Dec. 5-22, 1934 -- New York Night, Paintings by Eugene C. Fitsch

Jan. 14-26, 1935 -- Water Colors by E. Helen Young

Feb. 18-March 15, 1935 -- Paintings by Saul [Berman]

March 7-23, 1935 -- Drawings and Etchings by Isabel Bishop

April 1-19, 1935 -- Four Recent Guggenheim Fellows (Paintings by Francis Criss, Frank Mechau, Jr., and Doris Rosenthal, and Sculptures by Oronzio Maldarelli)

April 16-29, 1935 -- Feminanities, Paintings by Minna Citron

May 1-19, 1935 -- Doris Rosenthal (N442:537-538)

Dec. 26-Jan. 9, 1936 -- Vermont Farms by Margaret W. Huntington

Dec. 26-Jan. 12, 1936 -- Paintings of Massachusetts and Pennsylvania by Maurice Freedman

Feb. 11-29, 1936 -- Paintings by Isabel Bishop

April 10-25, 1936 -- Watercolors by Eugenie Schein

May 11-25, 1936 -- Paintings by Vincent Spagna

Oct. 14-31, 1936 -- Paintings by Martha Simpson

Dec. 8-24, 1936 -- Watercolors by Betty Pierson-Parsons

Dec. 13-24, 1936 -- American Print Makers Tenth Anniversary Annual Exhibition of Etchings, Lithographs, Woodcuts

Feb. 1-15, 1937 -- Doris Rosenthal

March 22-April 10, 1937 -- Paintings by Paul Cadmus

April 12-24, 1937 -- Paintings by Edith Nagler

April 19-May 3, 1937 -- Watercolors of Mexico by Eugenie Schein

Oct. 5-18, 1937 -- Vincent Spagna (Br15:527-529)

Oct. 19-Nov. 4, 1937 -- Paintings by Minna Citron

Nov. 5-22, 1937 -- Paul Mommer (Br15:533-535)

Nov. 23-Dec. 6, 1937 -- Paintings by Mary Hutchinson

Nov. 23-Dec. 6, 1937 -- Contemporary American Artists (Br15:536)

Dec. 7-20, 1937 -- Herbert Ferber (Br15:539-541)

Dec. 21-Jan. 3, 1938 -- Paintings by Alfred Kraemer

Jan. 4-17, 1938 -- Paintings by M. Azzi Aldrich

Feb. 8-26, 1938 -- Paintings and Drawings of Mexico by Doris Rosenthal

Sept. 16-Oct. 3, 1938 -- Paintings by Margit Varga

Nov. 21-Dec. 10, 1938 -- Paintings and Drawings by Zoltan Sepeshy

Dec. 8-24, 1938 -- Water Colors by Betty P. Parsons

Dec. 12-30, 1938 -- Water Colors of Bucks County by Lionel S. Reiss

Dec. 27-Jan. 14, 1939 -- Paintings by Jacob Getlar Smith

Jan. 17-Feb. 4, 1939 -- Paintings and Drawings by Isabel Bishop

Feb. 6-20, 1939 -- Paintings by Vincent Drennan

March 7-25, 1939 -- Paintings by Miron Sokole

March 27-April 15, 1939 -- Paintings of Mexico by Doris Rosenthal

April 17-May 6, 1939 -- Recent Paintings by Waldo Peirce

Sept. 26-Oct. 14, 1939 -- Paintings by Maurice Freedman

Oct. 17-Nov. 2, 1939 -- Paintings by Vincent Spagna

Nov. 3-20, 1939 -- Paintings by Minna Citron

Nov. 21-Dec. 9, 1939 -- Paintings by Frederic Taubes

Dec. 9-24, 1939 -- Water Colors by Betty P. Parsons

Jan. 3-20, 1940 -- Paintings by Emlen Etting

Feb. 20-March 9, 1940 -- Paintings by Paul Meltsner

March 19-April 6, 1940 -- Paintings and Watercolors by Bernardine Custer

Nov. 11-30, 1940 -- Paintings by Fletcher Martin

Dec. 2-21, 1940 -- Paintings by Simka Simkhovitch

Feb. 3-22, 1941 -- Paintings and Watercolors by Zoltan Sepeshy

March 3-22, 1941 -- Paintings by Doris Rosenthal

April 14-May 3, 1941 -- Paintings by Waldo Peirce

July 22-Aug. 22, 1941 -- Dealers Show American Art

Nov. 3-22, 1941 -- Pastels by Gladys Rockmore Davis

Nov. 25-Dec. 13, 1941 -- Water Colors by Betty P. Parsons

Dec. 15-Jan. 3, 1942 -- Paintings of the Tennessee Valley by Minna Citron

Jan. 6-24, 1942 -- Paintings by Jacob Getlar Smith

Jan. 26-Feb. 14, 1942 -- Watercolors by Zoltan Sepeshy

March 3-21, 1942 -- Tenth Anniversary Loan Exhibition, Works of Art by Midtown Artists Borrowed Back for this event from the Permanent Collections of Leading American Museums and Collectors

March 31-April 18, 1942 -- Watercolors by Waldo Peirce

April 27-May 16, 1942 -- Paintings by Vincent Spagna

May 18-June 6, 1942 -- Drawings by Isabel Bishop

Jan. 4-29, 1943 -- Watercolors by Jacob Getlar Smith

Feb. 8-March 6, 1943 -- Paintings of Mexico by Doris Rosenthal

March 5-27, 1943 -- Water Colors, Drawings and Prints by Contemporary American Artists at MacMurray College, courtesy of Midtown Galleries

March 29-April 17, 1943 -- Drawings by Minna Citron

April 19-May 15, 1943 -- Paintings by Gladys Rockmore Davis

May 17-June 4, 1943 -- Sculpture, Water Colors and Drawings by Herbert Ferber

Oct. 19-Nov. 6, 1943 -- Watercolors of the United States by Dong Kingman

Nov. 9-27, 1943 -- Ceramic Sculpture by Lilian Swann Saarinen

Nov. 23-Dec. 11, 1943 -- Drawings, Pastels, and Paintings by Doris Rosenthal

Jan. 25-Feb. 12, 1944 -- Paintings by William Thon

Feb. 5-21, 1944 -- Paintings by Mary E. Hutchinson

March 21-April 15, 1944 -- Paintings of the Ballet Backstage by Gladys Rockmore Davis

April 17-May 6, 1944 -- Paintings by Miron Sokole

May 9-27, 1944 -- Paintings by Waldo Peirce

May 29-June 17, 1944 -- Water Colors of the Stage Door Canteen and Other Home Front Activities by Bernardine Custer

Nov. 13-Dec. 2, 1944 -- Watercolors by Dong Kingman

Dec. 5-23, 1944 -- The Road to Paris, Gouaches by Emlen Etting

Dec. 26-Jan. 13, 1945 -- New York Harbor in Wartime by Julien Binford

Dec. 28-Jan. 15, 1945 -- Paintings by Fletcher Martin

Jan. 15-Feb. 3, 1945 -- Paintings, Gouaches and Drawings by Philip Guston

May 1-19, 1945 -- Paintings of Guatemala by Doris Rosenthal

Oct. 16-Nov. 3, 1945 -- Watercolors by Dong Kingman

Nov. 6-Dec., 1945 -- The Peirce Children Grow Up, Paintings by Waldo Peirce

Jan. 8-26, 1946 -- Memorial Exhibition of Paintings and Watercolors by Renee Lahm

Feb. 3, 1946 -- Upjohn Company Collection of Contemporary American Painting, High Museum of Art, Atlanta, Georgia

Feb. 19-March 9, 1946 -- Paintings by Henry Billings

April 23-May 11, 1946 -- Paintings by William Thon

Oct. 22-Nov. 9, 1946 -- Moods of Children, Paintings by Gladys Rockmore Davis

Oct. 6-26, 1946 -- Upjohn Collection of Contemporary American Paintings, Delaware Art Center, Wilmington, Delaware

Nov. 19-Dec. 7, 1946 -- Paintings and Watercolors by Zoltan Sepeshy

Feb. 2-March 1, 1947 -- Paintings by Isabel Bishop

Feb. 11-March 1, 1947 -- Paintings by Maurice Freedman

March 11-29, 1947 -- Watercolors by Dong Kingman

March 12-30, 1947 -- Recent Oil Paintings by Emlen Etting

April 1-26, 1947 -- 15th Anniversary Exhibition, Painting and Sculpture by Members of the Midtown Group of American Artists

April 2-20, 1947 -- Recent Oil Paintings by Fred Nagler

April 13-26, 1947 -- Upjohn Collection of Contemporary American Paintings, Stockwell Memorial Library, Albion College, Albion, Michigan

April 29-May 16, 1947 -- Paintings by Lenard Kester

May 12-28, 1947 -- Upjohn Collection of Contemporary American Painting, Davenport Municipal Art Gallery, Davenport, Iowa

Sept. 2, 1947 -- Upjohn Collection of Contemporary American Painting, Brooks Memorial Art Gallery, Memphis, Tennessee

Oct. 5-25, 1947 -- Upjohn Collection of Contemporary American Painting, Illinois State Museum, Springfield, Illinois

Oct. 14-Nov. 1, 1947 -- Paintings by William Palmer

Dec. 8-29, 1947 -- Upjohn Company Collection of Contemporary American Painting, The Burpee Art Gallery, Rockford, Illinois

Jan. 27-Feb. 16, 1948 -- Paintings by Henry Koerner

Feb. 1, 1948 -- Upjohn Company Collection of Contemporary American Painting, Mulvane Art Museum, Washburn University, Topeka, Kansas

March 2-20, 1948 -- Watercolors by Dong Kingman

March 7-28, 1948 -- Upjohn Company Collection of Contemporary American Painting, Oklahoma Art Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

March 22-April 3, 1948 -- American Art, A Multiple Exhibition arranged by The Association of Dealers in American Art, and Held in Their Galleries

April 6-24, 1948 -- Paintings and Gouaches by Maurice Freedman

April 11-25, 1948 -- Upjohn Company Collection of Contemporary American Painting, Isaac Delgado Museum of Art, New Orleans, Louisiana

May 6-23, 1948 -- Upjohn Company Collection of Contemporary American Painting, Dallas Health Museum, Dallas, Texas

May 11-29, 1948 -- Paintings and Mural Sketches by Emlen Etting

June 5-28, 1948 -- Upjohn Company Collection of Contemporary American Painting, William Rockhill Nelson Gallery of Arts and Mary Atkins Museum of Fine Arts, Kansas City, Missouri

July 6-29, 1948 -- Upjohn Company Collection of Contemporary American Painting, Kenosha Historical and Art Museum, Kenosha, Wisconsin

Oct. 5-23, 1948 -- Paintings by Lenard Kester

Jan. 4-22, 1949 -- Watercolors of Italy by William Thon

Jan. 25-Feb. 12, 1949 -- Paintings by Henry Koerner

Feb. 21-March 12, 1949 -- Paintings by Cecile Belle

March 15-April, 1949 -- Paintings and Drawings by Anatol Shulkin

April 5-23, 1949 -- Watercolors by Dong Kingman

May 3-21, 1949 -- Paintings by Isabel Bishop

June 3-26, 1949 -- Upjohn Company Collection of Contemporary American Painting, E. B. Crocker Art Gallery, Sacramento, California

Oct. 4-22, 1949 -- Paintings in Gouache by Fred Meyer

Oct. 25-Nov. 19, 1949 -- Paintings by Gladys Rockmore Davis

Nov. 22-Dec. 17, 1949 -- Paintings by Paul Cadmus, 1938-1949

Jan. 10-28, 1950 -- Non-Realistic and Objectionable Portraits of American Artists by Isabella Howland (drawings)

Jan. 31-Feb. 18, 1950 -- Paintings and Watercolors by Zoltan Sepeshy

Feb. 28-March 18, 1950 -- Drawings and Water Colors, Paris - Honolulu, by Emlen Etting

March 9-20, 1950 -- The Art Department of Northeast Missouri State Teachers College Presents... Contemporary American Artists, Midtown Galleries, New York City

March 21-April 15, 1950 -- Paintings and Gouaches by Henry Koerner

April 18-May 6, 1950 -- Paintings of Italy by William Thon

May 9-27, 1950 -- Recent Watercolors by Dong Kingman

Oct. 31-Nov. 25, 1950 -- Twenty-one Paintings in Casein and Ink by William C. Palmer

Nov. 28-Dec. 23, 1950 -- Recent Paintings by Fred Nagler

Jan. 2-29, 1951 -- Mobile Art Association Presents Contemporary Artists Circuited by Midtown Galleries

Feb. 6-24, 1951 -- Paintings by Miron Sokole

March 6-31, 1951 -- Paintings and Drawings by Henry Koerner

April 3-21, 1951 -- The Dance, Paintings and Drawings by Emlen Etting

May 1-26, 1951 -- 10 Year Retrospective Exhibition of Watercolors by Dong Kingman

Oct. 9-27, 1951 -- Watercolors and Oil Paintings by William Thon

Nov. 6-Dec. 1, 1951 -- 100 Drawings by Henry Koerner

Jan. 8-26, 1952 -- Oil Paintings by William Palmer

Feb. 5-25, 1952 -- Paintings by Maurice Freedman

Feb. 20-23, 1952 -- Paintings and Drawings by Doris Rosenthal Presented by Haygood Lasseter Interiors, Miami, through courtesy of Midtown Galleries, New York City

May 6-24, 1952 -- Paintings of the West Indies by Doris Rosenthal

June 4-28, 1952 -- 20 Years of the Midtown Galleries, A Pictorial Survey of Twenty Years' Activity in the Promotion of Outstanding Contemporary American Art

Nov. 5-29, 1952 -- Paintings by Henry Koerner

March 31-April 25, 1953 -- Paintings of Spain by Gladys Rockmore Davis

April 28-May 23, 1953 -- Paintings by Cecile Belle

Oct. 20-Nov. 7, 1953 -- Paintings by Margit Varga

Nov. 17-Dec. 5, 1953 -- Paintings by Zoltan Sepeshy

Dec. 14-Jan. 9, 1954 -- Paintings by William Palmer

Feb. 9-27, 1954 -- Dong Kingman's Water Colors

April 6-May 1, 1954 -- Recent Paintings and Drawings by Henry Koerner

May 4-29, 1954 -- Watercolors by William Thon

Sept. 20, 1954 -- Art In Interiors

Oct. 19-Nov. 6, 1954 -- Paintings by Robert Vickrey

Nov. 16-Dec. 4, 1954 -- Recent Paintings by Emlen Etting

Dec. 7-31, 1954 -- Recent Paintings by William Thon

Jan. 25-Feb. 12, 1955 -- Paintings of Mexico by Doris Rosenthal

Feb. 23-March 19, 1955 -- Paintings by Henry Koerner

April 12-May 7, 1955 -- Paintings and Lithographs by Robert Sivard

May 10-June 4, 1955 -- Watercolors and Drawings by Dong Kingman

Oct. 25-Nov. 19, 1955 -- Paintings and Drawings by Isabel Bishop

Nov. 22-Dec. 17, 1955 -- Paintings by William Thon

Feb. 21-March 10, 1956 -- Paintings and Gouaches by Maurice Freedman

March 13-31, 1956 -- Paintings by Cecile Belle

April 3-21, 1956 -- Recent Paintings by Miron Sokole

May 8-June 2, 1956 -- Watercolors by Dong Kingman

Sept. 25-Oct. 17, 1956 -- 5th Annual Exhibition, Art In Interiors

Nov. 20-Dec. 15, 1956 -- Paintings of Bali by Gladys Rockmore Davis

Dec. 26-Jan. 19, 1957 -- Paintings by Zoltan Sepeshy

Jan. 22-Feb. 16, 1957 -- Paintings of Mexico by Doris Rosenthal

Feb. 19-March 9, 1957 -- Paintings and Drawings by Emlen Etting

March 12-30, 1957 -- Paintings by Henry Koerner

May 7-June 8, 1957 -- 25th Anniversary Loan Exhibition, Lent by American Museums and Collectors

Nov. 12-30, 1957 -- Paintings by Betty Parsons

Dec. 3-28, 1957 -- Paintings by William Palmer

Dec. 31-Jan. 25, 1958 -- Paintings by Fred Nagler

Feb. 18-March 15, 1958 -- Paintings by Henry Koerner

March 18-April 12, 1958 -- Watercolors by Dong Kingman

April 15-May 10, 1958 -- Paintings by William Thon

May 13-31, 1958 -- Paintings by Annette Bartle

Oct. 28-Nov. 15, 1958 -- Paintings by Robert Sivard

Nov. 18-Dec. 6, 1958 -- Paintings by Robert Vickrey

Jan. 27-Feb. 21, 1959 -- Paintings by Ernest Fiene

Feb. 24-March 14, 1959 -- Paintings by Jason Schoener

March 17-April 4, 1959 -- Paintings by Waldo Peirce

April 14-May 2, 1959 -- Sculpture by Raimondo Puccinelli

May 5-23, 1959 -- Annual Good Drawing Exhibition by Distinguished American Draughtsmen

Sept. 29-Oct. 21, 1959 -- Th Annual Exhibition, Art In Interiors

Nov. 17-Dec. 5, 1959 -- Paintings by Maurice Freedman

Dec. 8-26, 1959 -- Paintings by William Palmer

Jan. 5-30, 1960 -- Paintings by Henry Koerner

March 1-26, 1960 -- Paintings by Waldo Peirce

March 29-April 23, 1960 -- Paintings and Watercolors by William Thon

May 3-28, 1960 -- Paintings by Isabel Bishop

Sept. 20-Oct. 19, 1960 -- The Annual Exhibition, Art In Interiors

Oct. 25-Nov. 19, 1960 -- Paintings by Robert Vickrey

Nov. 22-Dec. 10, 1960 -- Paintings by Annette Bartle

Dec. 12-Jan. 6, 1960 -- Paintings by William Palmer

Dec. 13-Jan. 7, 1961 -- Paintings by Jason Schoener

Jan. 10-Feb. 4, 1961 -- Recent Paintings by Emlen Etting

Feb. 28-March 18, 1961 -- Drawings by Henry Koerner

March 21-April 15, 1961 -- Paintings by Zoltan Sepeshy

April 18-May 13, 1961 -- Watercolors by 5: William Thon, Jason Schoener, Robert Vickrey, Edward Betts, Fred Nagler

Sept. 27-Oct. 18, 1961 -- 10th Anniversary Exhibition, Art In Interiors

Jan. 16-Feb. 3, 1962 -- Oh, Fearful Wonder of Man, Recent Paintings and Drawings by Henry Koerner

March 21-April 7, 1962 -- Barabbas

April 10-May 5, 1962 -- Paintings and Watercolors by Robert Vickrey

June 5-July 6, 1962 -- Oil Paintings and Watercolors by William Thon

Nov. 23-Dec. 15, 1962 -- 30th Anniversary Loan Exhibition, Loans from American Museums and Collectors

Dec. 19-Jan. 5, 1963 -- Recent Paintings and Drawings by Henry Koerner

Jan. 8-Feb. 2, 1963 -- Oil Paintings, Nos. 1 through 25, Paintings of Maine, California, Greece, etc., Gouaches by Jason Schoener

March 5-30, 1963 -- Four Distinguished American Painters: William Thon, Robert Vickrey, Jason Schoener, Edward Betts

April 2-27, 1963 -- 30 Years of Religious Painting by Fred Nagler

April 30-May 18, 1963 -- Forms in Light, 1959-1963, Recent Paintings by Henry Billings

Oct. 8-26, 1963 -- Recent Paintings by Annette Bartle

Oct. 29-Nov. 16, 1963 -- Recent Paintings by Maurice Freedman

Nov. 26-Dec. 21, 1963 -- Recent Paintings by William Palmer

Feb. 18-March 14, 1964 -- Paintings and Drawings by Siegfried Reinhardt

March 17-April 11, 1964 -- Paintings and Drawings by William Thon

April 21-May 9, 1964 -- Drawings, Watercolors, and Welded Sculpture by Nathan Cabot Hale

Oct. 6-31, 1964 -- Paintings of Maine by Midtown's Maine Artists (Hans Moller, Edward Betts, William Thon, Waldo Peirce, and Jason Schoener)

Nov. 10-Dec. 5, 1964 -- Paintings by Hans Moller

Dec. 8-26, 1964 -- Twenty Five Years of Drawing by Emlen Etting

Jan. 4-22, 1966 -- Paintings from the Greek Islands by Emlen Etting

Jan. 25-Feb. 12, 1966 -- Paintings of Greece by Jason Schoener

Feb. 15-March 12, 1966 -- Recent Paintings by Robert Sivard

March 15-April 2, 1966 -- Recent Paintings by Annette Bartle

April 5-30, 1966 -- Paintings and Watercolors by William Thon

Sept. 11-Oct. 7, 1966 -- Midtown Galleries Exhibition at Charleston Art Gallery, Charleston, W. Va.

Sept. 7-Oct. 22, 1966 -- Paintings of Maine by Midtown's Maine Artists (Hans Moller, William Thon, Edward Betts, Waldo Peirce, and Jason Schoener)

Oct. 25-Nov. 12, 1966 -- Flowers in Art, Paintings and Watercolors

Nov. 8-Dec. 3, 1966 -- Paintings by Siegfried Reinhardt

Dec. 6-31, 1966 -- Small Paintings by Major Artists (Isabel Bishop, Paul Cadmus, William Palmer, Robert Vickrey, Emlen Etting, Doris Rosenthal, Robert Sivard, Edward Betts, Jason Schoener, Roy Moyer, Waldo Peirce, Hans Moller, Charles Coiner, Maurice Freedman, Fred Nagler, etc.)

Jan. 4-28, 1967 -- Recent Paintings by Hans Moller

March 14-April 1, 1967 -- 35th Anniversary Exhibition, A Documentary Presentation of Midtown Galleries' 35 Years of Varied Activities in Behalf of the Contemporary American Artist

April 4-29, 1967 -- Paintings by Isabel Bishop

May 9-June 3, 1967 -- Watercolors by Four Distinguished American Painters (William Thon, Hans Moller, Jason Schoener, Edward Betts)

Oct. 3-28, 1967 -- Recent Paintings of France by Robert Sivard

Oct. 31-Nov. 25, 1967 -- Recent Paintings by Roy Moyer

Nov. 28-Dec. 16, 1967 -- Watercolors by Four (William Thon, Edward Betts, Jason Schoener, Hans Moller)

Dec. 12-Jan. 6, 1968 -- Paintings by William Palmer

Jan. 7-28, 1968 -- Group Exhibition at the Columbus Museum of Arts and Crafts, Inc., Columbus, Ga., Courtesy of Midtown Galleries

Jan. 16-Feb. 10, 1968 -- Recent Paintings of the Scottish Highlands by Charles Coiner

Feb. 13-March 9, 1968 -- Recent Sculpture by Fred Meyer

March 1-April 6, 1968 -- Retrospective Selection of Drawings and Prints, Including Loans from Public and Private Collections, 1907-1968

April 9-May 4, 1968 -- Paintings of Ireland by William Thon

May 7-31, 1968 -- Sculpture, Watercolors and Drawings by Nathan Cabot Hale

Oct. 15-Nov. 9, 1968 -- Recent Paintings by Edward Betts

Nov 12-Dec. 7, 1968 -- Elections: Waldo Peirce, 1938-1968

Dec. 10, 1968-Jan. 4, 1969 -- Watercolors by 4 Members of the Midtown Group Noted for their Work in this Medium (William Thon, Edward Betts, Jason Schoener, Hans Moller)

Feb. 4-March 1, 1969 -- Paintings by Jason Schoner

April 1-26, 1969 -- Recent Paintings by Ethel Magafan

April 29-May 24, 1969 -- Paintings by Robert Vickrey

Oct. 7-Nov. 1 Hans, 1969 -- Watercolors by Five Distinguished American Painters (William Thon, Moller, Ethel Magafan, Jason Schoener, and Edward Betts)

Nov. 5-29, 1969 -- Paintings by Richard Mayhew

Dec. 2-27, 1969 -- Recent Paintings by William Palmer

Jan. 6-24, 1970 -- Exhibition of Paintings by Maurice Freedman

Feb., 1970 -- 38th Anniversary Exhibition

March 3-28, 1970 -- Paintings of Mykonos, Etc. by Margit Varga

Sept. 29-Oct. 24, 1970 -- Watercolors and Pastels of Monhegan, Maine, by Hans Moller

Jan. 19-Feb. 13, 1971 -- Recent Paintings by Stephen Etnier

Feb. 16-March 13, 1971 -- Thirty-Ninth Anniversary Exhibition

March 16-April 10, 1971 -- Paintings by Richard Mayhew

April 13-May 8, 1971 -- Paintings by Charles Coiner

May 21-June 5, 1971 -- Earth, Sea and Sky: Naturescapes by Eight Artists, Squibb Gallery, Courtesy of Midtown Galleries

Sept. 28-Oct. 23, 1971 -- Paintings by Emlen Etting

Oct. 26-Nov. 20, 1971 -- Bishop, Cadmus, Vickrey*

Nov. 23-Dec. 18, 1971 -- Paintings by William Thon

Dec. 21-Jan. 15, 1972 -- Paintings by Maurice Freedman

Jan. 18-Feb. 12, 1972 -- Paintings of Latin America by Jason Schoener

Feb. 15-March 11, 1972 -- Fortieth Anniversary Exhibition (In Tribute to the Memory of Alan D. Gruskin)

March 14-April 8, 1972 -- Paintings of Maine and California by Edward Betts

May 9-June 3, 1972 -- Flowers in Art (Paintings by Waldo Peirce, William Palmer, Emlen Etting, Roy Moyer, Maurice Freedman, Hans Moller, Charles Coiner, Julien Binford, Robert Vickrey)

Oct. 24-Nov. 18, 1972 -- Waldo Peirce Memorial Exhibition, Paintings of the Last Two Decades

Oct. 3-21, 1972 -- Drawings by Eight Important Contemporary American Artists (Isabel Bishop, Paul Cadmus, Emlen Etting, Ethel Magafan, Richard Mayhew, Hans Moller, William Palmer, William Thon)

Nov. 21-Dec. 16, 1972 -- Paintings by Robert Vickrey

Dec. 19-Jan. 13, 1973 -- Religious and Figurative Paintings by Fred Nagler

March 6-31, 1973 -- Recent Paintings by Hans Moller

April 3-28, 1973 -- Paintings by Ethel Magafan

June 5-22, 1973 -- New Talent Festival

Oct. 2-27, 1973 -- Sculpture and Drawings by Nathan Cabot Hale

Oct. 30-Nov. 24, 1973 -- Recent Paintings of England, Scotland and Wales by Charles Coiner

Jan. 8-Feb. 2, 1974 -- A Selection of Drawings and Prints by Isabel Bishop

Feb. 5-March 2, 1974 -- 42nd Anniversary Exhibition, Paintings of the Thirties

March 5-30, 1974 -- Paintings by Richard Mayhew

April 2-27, 1974 -- Flowers by Julien Binford

June 4-15, 1974 -- New Talent Festival

Oct. 1-26, 1974 -- Terra Cottas and Bronzes by Fred Meyer

Oct. 29-Nov. 23, 1974 -- Paintings and Prints by Robert Sivard

Nov. 26-Dec. 21, 1974 -- Paintings by William Palmer

Jan. 7-25, 1975 -- Recent Paintings by Robert Vickrey

Jan. 28-Feb. 22, 1975 -- Paintings and Gouaches by Jason Schoener

Feb. 25-March 22, 1975 -- Watercolor Paintings by William Thon

March 25-April 12, 1975 -- Paintings by Maurice Freedman

Oct. 6-31, 1975 -- Religious Paintings by Fred Nagler at Saint Peter's Gallery, New York City (in cooperation with Midtown Galleries)

Oct. 28-Nov. 22, 1975 -- Paintings by Emlen Etting

Dec. 23-Jan. 17, 1976 -- Richard Mayhew*

Jan. 20-Feb. 14, 1976 -- Paintings by Ethel Magafan

March 16-April 10, 1976 -- Paintings by Edward Betts

April 13-May 10, 1976 -- Selected Works by Paul Cadmus

May 11-28, 1976 -- American Landscapes (William Palmer, Charles Coiner, Robert Vickrey, Waldo Peirce, William Thon, Jason Schoener)

June 1-18, 1976 -- New Talent Festival

Sept. 28-Oct. 23, 1976 -- Paintings of The Hamptons by Margit Varga

Oct. 26-Nov. 20, 1976 -- Paintings by Stephen Etnier

Nov. 2-20, 1976 -- Illustrations by Isabel Bishop for "Pride and Prejudice" by Jane Austen

Nov. 23-Dec. 18, 1976 -- Paintings by Robert Vickrey

Dec. 28-Jan. 22, 1977 -- On Loan from a Private Collection, "Seven Deadly Sins" and "Subway Symphony" by Paul Cadmus

Jan. 25-Feb. 19, 1977 -- 45th Anniversary Exhibition

Feb. 22-March 19, 1977 -- Paintings of Artists and Writers in Paris by Robert Sivard

March 22-April 16, 1977 -- Paintings and Watercolors by William Thon

April 19-May 14, 1977 -- Paintings by Maurice Freedman

May 17-June 4, 1977 -- New Talent and Guest Exhibition (Mary L. Buckley, Ruth Cobb, David Cobb Kupferman, Meyer Tannenbaum)

Nov. 1-26, 1977 -- Paintings by Waldo Peirce

Nov. 29-Dec. 24, 1977 -- Paintings by William Palmer

Feb. 28-March 25, 1978 -- Paintings of England, Scotland, Maine by Jason Schoener

March 28-April 22, 1978 -- Drawings and Serigraphs by Gregorio Prestopino

April 25-May 20, 1978 -- Terra Cottas and Bronzes by Fred Meyer

Oct. 31-Dec. 2, 1978 -- Paintings by Charles Coiner

Nov. 28-Dec. 16, 1978 -- Watercolors of Paris Shops, Dublin Pubs, etc. by Robert Sivard

Dec. 5-30, 1978 -- Drawings and Etchings by Isabel Bishop

Jan. 9-Feb. 3, 1979 -- The Seasons (Paintings by William Palmer, Paul Cadmus, William Thon, Hans Moller, Edward Betts, Emlen Etting, Gregorio Prestopino, Richard Mayhew, Maurice Freedman, Waldo Peirce, Jason Schoener, Charles Coiner)

Feb. 6-March 3, 1979 -- Recent Paintings by Stephen Etnier

Oct. 9-Nov. 3, 1979 -- Paintings by Maurice Freedman

Nov. 6-Dec. 1, 1979 -- Watercolors by Gregorio Prestopino

Dec. 4-29, 1979 -- Paul Cadmus, A Small Intimate Retrospective on the Occasion of His Seventy-fifth Birthday

Feb. 5-March 1, 1980 -- Drawings by Emlen Etting

March 4-29, 1980 -- Paintings of Summer in Maine by Jason Schoener

April 29-May 24, 1980 -- Paintings by Bruce Currie

Nov. 4-29, 1980 -- Paintings by Stephen Etnier

Dec. 2-Jan. 3, 1981 -- Paintings by William Thon

Jan. 6-31, 1981 -- Paintings by Ethel Magafan

Feb. 3-28, 1981 -- Watercolors by Ruth Cobb

March 3-28, 1981 -- Paintings by Robert Sivard

Sept. 8-Oct. 3, 1981 -- Self Portraits *

Oct. 6-31, 1981 -- A Fifty Year Drawing Retrospective and Recent Paintings by Isabel Bishop

Dec. 1-Jan. 9, 1982 -- William Palmer: Painting 50 Years

Jan. 19-Feb. 27, 1982 -- Retrospective Exhibition of Selected Paintings, 1932-1982, by Maurice Freedman

March 2-27, 1982 -- Retrospective Exhibition by Margit Varga

March 30-April 24, 1982 -- Midtown Galleries Golden Anniversary, Selected Work by Gallery Artists

April 27-May 22, 1982 -- New Bronzes and Terra Cottas by Fred Meyer

Oct. 5-20, 1982 -- Ruth Cobb: A Selection of Watercolors *

Nov. 2-27, 1982 -- A Twenty Year Retrospective Exhibition by Edward Betts

Jan. 4-29, 1983 -- Recent Paintings and Sculpture by Artists Associated with Midtown Galleries since the Thirties and Forties *

Feb. 1-26, 1983 -- Isabel Bishop: An Intimate Exhibition of Work of the Past Five Years

July 10-Aug. 4, 1983 -- Selected Works of Contemporary American Artists from the Midtown Galleries, New York City [at Fairfield University] *

Oct. 4-30, 1983 -- Paintings, Drawings and Prints by Bernarda Bryson Shahn

Nov. 1-26, 1983 -- Jason Schoener: The Artist's Travels *

Nov. 29-Dec. 31, 1983 -- Paul Cadmus: Drawings, Prints, Photographs, 1924-1983 *

Jan. 10-Feb. 4, 1984 -- Emlen Etting: 50 Years of Paintings and Drawings *

Feb. 7-March 3, 1984 -- Ethel Magafan: Oils and Watercolors *

April 10-May 5, 1984 -- Charles Coiner *

Dec. 10, 1985-Jan. 8, 1986 -- Three Figurative Artists: Paul Cadmus, Isabel Bishop, Bernarda Bryson Shahn *

May 6-June 8, 1986 -- William Palmer: The Early Years, 1926-1940 *

Dec. 9, 1986-Jan. 17, 1987 -- Isabel Bishop: Early Drawings *

June 7-July 7, 1987 -- Julien Binford: Fifty Years of Painting *

Dec. 8, 1987-Jan. 31, 1988 -- Paul Cadmus: 50th Anniversary Exhibition *

March 2-April 9, 1988 -- Painting America: Mural Art in the New Deal Era (in association with Janet Marqusee Fine Arts) *

Nov. 11-Dec. 30, 1989 -- Walt Kuhn *

Feb. 22-April 7, 1990 -- Close Encounters: The Art of Paul Cadmus, Jared French, and George Tooker *

Oct. 12-Nov. 24, 1990 -- Jack Levine: An Overview, 1930-1990 *

Feb. 6-March 7, 1992 -- The Midtown Flower Show *

Oct. 13-Nov. 14, 1992 -- Robert Kushner: IV Seasons *

Oct. 13-Nov. 14, 1992 -- Isabel Bishop: Walking Pictures *

Nov. 18-Dec. 21, 1992 -- Walt Kuhn: People and Performances *

March 25-April 25, 1993 -- Bernarda Bryson Shahn: Images and Ideas *

Sept. 9-Oct. 9, 1993 -- Michael Berget: A Delicate Balance *

Sept. 9-Oct. 9, 1993 -- Lee Jackson: The Figure in Light and Motion *

Jan. 19-Feb. 26, 1994 -- Cynthia Knott: Horizons *

Sept. 21-Nov. 5, 1994 -- Paul Tchelitchev: A Reevaluation *

Nov. 11-Dec. 30, 1994 -- Paul Cadmus: Still Lifes, Portraits, Tableaux

Jan. 12-Feb. 25, 1995 -- Jacob Lawrence: An Overview, Paintings from 1936-1994 *

March 2-April 8, 1995 -- Robert Kushner: Mille Fleurs, a Cornucopia of New Paintings *

Below is a list of exhibitions for which the year or date is unknown.

DateExhibitionundated -- Solo Exhibitions, A - Z (by artist)

Jan. 27-Feb. 10 -- Paintings by M. Azzi Aldrich

Nov. 23-Dec. 9 -- Paintings by M. Azzi Aldrich

April 17-May 6 -- Paintings by Saul Berman

Nov. 9-28 -- Paintings by Julien Binford

March 7-23 -- Drawings and Etchings by Isabel Bishop

Oct. 3-15 -- Paintings by Isabel Bishop

Feb. 15-March 4 -- Paintings by Homer Boss

April 18-30 -- Paintings and Watercolors by Homer Boss

Oct. 24-Nov. 17 -- Paintings and Drawings by Paul Cadmus

April 16-29 -- Feminanities, Paintings by Minna Citron

April 27-May 13 -- Paintings by Minna Citron

Dec. 14-25 -- Paintings by Adelaide De Groot

June 8-21 Other -- Exhibition of Drawings of the Philadelphia Stage Door Canteen and Recent Drawings by Emlen Etting

Oct. 23-Nov. 11 -- Paintings and Gouaches by Maurice Freedman

Dec. 26-Jan. 12 -- Paintings of Massachusetts and Pennsylvania by Maurice Freedman

Feb. 1-14 -- Watercolors by Ethel Katz

Oct. 13-31 -- Watercolors by Dong Kingman

Oct. 14-Nov. 1 -- Dong Kingman's Watercolors

undated -- Watercolors by Dong Kingman

June 6-23 -- Building the New York World's Fair, Gouaches and Oil Paintings by Renee Lahm

March 23-April 15 -- New York Murals by Edward Laning

May 22-June 9 -- Drawings of War in Italy by Edward Laning

Oct. 19-Nov. 4 -- Sculpture by Oronzio Maldarelli

Oct. 29-Nov. 17 -- Sculptures in Hammered Metal by Oronzio Maldarelli

March 18-31 -- Paintings and Watercolors by Joseph Margulies

June 2-21 -- Drawings by Fletcher Martin

April 20-May 9 -- Oils, Water Colors, Lithographs, and Drawing by Paul R. Meltsner

April 30-May 18 -- Oils, Tempera, and Lithographs by Paul R. Meltsner

May 24-June 10 -- Oil Paintings and Water Colors by Paul Meltsner

May 14-29 -- Watercolors by Thalia Millett

May 7-27 -- Watercolors by Kaname Miyamoto

May 1-16 -- Paintings by Paul Mommer

Oct. 2-18 -- Paintings by Paul Mommer

Oct. 13-31 -- Paintings by Paul Mommer

Nov. 1-16 -- Paintings by Paul Mommer

May 12-31 -- Paintings by Fred Nagler

Oct. 18-31 -- Paintings by Fred Nagler

Jan. 4-29 -- Iowa Landscapes, Paintings and Watercolors by William C. Palmer

March 24-April 12 -- Recent Wash Drawings by William C. Palmer

Sept. 25-Oct. 14 -- Paintings and Drawings by William Palmer

Dec. 12 -- Paintings by William Palmer

Dec. 3-16 -- Watercolors by Betty Pierson-Parsons

Feb. 15-March 1 -- Paintings and Sculpture by Alzira Peirce

Oct. 4-17 -- Paintings by Alzira Peirce

Jan. 7-25 -- Paintings by Waldo Peirce

March 3-29 -- Paintings, Watercolors, Prints by Waldo Peirce

Aug. 30-Sept. 25 -- Six Year Retrospective Exhibition of Paintings by Waldo Peirce

Nov. 16-Dec. 5 -- Paintings by Waldo Peirce

Nov. 14-Dec. 9 -- Paintings and Drawings by Siegfried Reinhardt

Dec. 12-30 -- Watercolors by Lionel S. Reiss

Nov. 2-14 -- Water Scenes of New York by Saul [Berman]

April 10-25 -- Watercolors by Eugenie Schein

Nov. 1-19 -- Paintings by Anatol Shulkin

Sept. 28-Oct. 12 -- Paintings by Martha Simpson

Jan. 18-Feb. 5 -- Paintings by Jacob Getler Smith

April 9-27 -- Drawings and Watercolors by Jacob Getlar Smith

Dec. 27-Jan. 14 -- Watercolors by Jacob Getlar Smith

Jan. 11-28 -- Paintings by Miron Sokole

Dec. 10-23 -- Gouaches by Miron Sokole

March 2-16 -- Paintings by Isaac Soyer

May 3-21 -- Paintings by Isaac Soyer

March 2-20 -- Paintings by Frederic Taubes

Nov. 27-Dec. 22 -- Recent Paintings by William Thon

undated -- Paintings and Watercolors by William Thon

Feb. 27-March 10 -- Watercolors of Mexico by Edward Valentine

March 22-April 9 -- Sculpture by Arline Wingate

Jan. 14-26 -- Water Colors by E. Helen Young

Group Exhibitions, date or year unknown

DateExhibitionundated -- Group Exhibitions

Feb. 27-March 26 -- Cooperative Exhibition of Contemporary American Art

May 4-31 -- Peggy de Salle Presents Little Gallery's 20th Anniversary: Four Nationally Known Artists, Courtesy Midtown Galleries (Isabel Bishop, Stephen Etnier, Zoltan Sepeshy, William Thon)

June 24-July 30 -- Three Painters from the Midtown, Watercolors, Drawings, Pastels at United Virginia Bank Gallery, Norfolk, Va. (Hans Miller, Jason Schoener, William Thon)

July 31-Aug. 13 -- Contemporary American Artists Associated with Midtown Galleries of New York, Four Fountains, Southampton
Collection Restrictions:
The collection is open for research. Patrons must use microfilm copy.
Collection Rights:
The Archives of American Art makes its archival collections available for non-commercial, educational and personal use unless restricted by copyright and/or donor restrictions, including but not limited to access and publication restrictions. AAA makes no representations concerning such rights and restrictions and it is the user's responsibility to determine whether rights or restrictions exist and to obtain any necessary permission to access, use, reproduce and publish the collections. Please refer to the Smithsonian's Terms of Use for additional information.
Collection Citation:
Midtown Galleries records, 1904-1997. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
Identifier:
AAA.midtgall, Series 2
See more items in:
Midtown Galleries records
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
EDAN-URL:
ead_component:sova-aaa-midtgall-ref4370

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