The collection consists of a watercolor painting depicting six dancers in a row. The painting is titled, signed and dated by the artist: "Spotted Pumpkin Dance. Soka-awh. 1979. Encarnacion Peña. Santa Fe, N. Mex." The painting was shown at the Thomas Gilcrease Institute of American History and Art, Tulsa, Oklahoma, in the show Shadows Caught: Images of Native Americans, curated by Stephen Gambaro, February 6-April 22, 1984.
Please note that the contents of the collection and the language and terminology used reflect the context and culture of the time of its creation. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology and considered offensive today. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution or National Anthropological Archives, but is available in its original form to facilitate research.
Biographical / Historical:
Jose Encarnacion Peña, also known as Encarnacion Peña, Soqween, and So-Kwa-Wi (1902–1979), was a painter from San Ildefonso Pueblo. Best known for his watercolors of Pueblo ceremonies, he was an early participant in the San Ildefonso school and later in the "Santa Fe Studio Style" art movement.
NAA MS 7429
NAA INV 10000087
The National Anthropological Archives (NAA) holds photographs of Peña in Patricia Peña photograph of Jose Encarnacion Peña dressed as koshari (Photo Lot 79-30) and Stephen Gambaro photographs of Native American artists and public figures, circa 1976-1984 (Photo Lot 80-37). The NAA holds images of Peña's murals in Photographs of Jose Encarnacion Peña murals and Patricia Peña dolls (Photo Lot 98-24).
The collection is open for research.
Access to the collection requires an appointment.
Works of art
Manuscript 7429, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution
An interview of Olinka Hrdy conducted 1965 Mar. 13-Mar. 17, by Betty Hoag, for the Archives of American Art's New Deal and the Arts Oral History Project.
Hrdy discusses her childhood in Oklahoma; Native American culture and its influence on her work; studying and mural painting at the University of Oklahoma; influence of music in herwork; outlining technique in her painting; working in Tulsa; the Nicholas Rorick Museum; textile design; Dynamic Symmetry; working for Seymore Lipton, Frank Lloyd Wright, and Hans Schwitzer; relationship with Wright; Taliesin; the project period; her projects in California; job as Chief Designer for the State of CA; her personal creative approach. She recalls Bruce Goff, Dorothy Jenkins, and Suzanne Miller.
Biographical / Historical:
Designer, mural painter; Prague, Okla.
Unrelated interviews of Helen Lundeberg and of Charles White conducted by B. Hoag are also on the tapes.
Conducted as part of the Archives of American Art's New Deal and the Arts project, which includes over 400 interviews of artists, administrators, historians, and others involved with the federal government's art programs and the activities of the Farm Security Administration in the 1930s and early 1940s.
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.