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Nut Street Station

Artist:
Dong Kingman, born Oakland, CA 1911-died New York City 2000  Search this
Medium:
watercolor
Dimensions:
22 x 30 in. (55.9 x 76.2 cm)
Type:
Painting
Date:
n.d.
Topic:
Travel\land\train  Search this
Architecture Interior\civic\railroad station  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Bequest of Henry Ward Ranger through the National Academy of Design
Object number:
2012.10
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Graphic Arts
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk70cd9aed3-15c6-4f13-b601-c4a1514547ab
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_2012.10

(Untitled)

Artist:
Ruth Duckworth, born Hamburg, Germany 1919-died Chicago, IL 2009  Search this
Medium:
white porcelain
Dimensions:
18 x 18 3/8 x 5 1/2 in. (45.7 x 46.7 x 14.0 cm)
Type:
Decorative Arts-Ceramic
Date:
n.d.
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Bequest of Samuel and Blanche M. Koffler
Object number:
2013.4.7
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Painting and Sculpture
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk7f9e2f06c-87ed-4118-9c61-503364c5fba5
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_2013.4.7

Estzan-Nap-Pa

Artist:
Elbridge Ayer Burbank, born Harvard, IL 1858-died San Francisco, CA 1949  Search this
Sitter:
Estzan-Nap-Pa  Search this
Medium:
oil on canvas
Dimensions:
19 1/8 x 12 1/4 in. (48.5 x 31.0 cm)
Type:
Painting
Date:
1910
Topic:
Ethnic\Indian\Navajo  Search this
Dress\ethnic\Indian dress  Search this
Portrait female\full length  Search this
Credit Line:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Bequest of Victor Justice Evans
Object number:
1985.66.362,136
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Smithsonian American Art Museum Collection
Department:
Painting and Sculpture
On View:
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Luce Foundation Center, 4th Floor, 33A
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Luce Foundation Center
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Luce Foundation Center, 4th Floor
Data Source:
Smithsonian American Art Museum
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/vk79434a141-dfd9-40c9-bacf-d7132d7a3fd9
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:saam_1985.66.362_136

Robert Merrill as Amonasro in Aida

Artist:
Alton Tobey, 5 Nov 1914 - 4 Jan 2005  Search this
Sitter:
Robert Merrill, 4 Jun 1919 - 23 Oct 2004  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
Sight (Accurate): 101.1 x 75.1cm (39 13/16 x 29 9/16")
Type:
Painting
Date:
20th century
Topic:
Robert Merrill: Male  Search this
Robert Merrill: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Singer\Opera  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Metropolitan Opera Association
Object number:
NY590045
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm45e183ff9-023d-4c68-8c32-aea2da2bf2bf
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_NY590045

Kent Day Coes

Artist:
Edmond James Fitzgerald, 1912 - 1989  Search this
Sitter:
Kent Day Coes, 1910 - 2000  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
59.8cm x 49.6cm (23 9/16" x 19 1/2"), Sight
Type:
Painting
Date:
1963
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Kent Day Coes: Visual Arts\Artist  Search this
Kent Day Coes: Male  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: National Academy of Design
Object number:
1649-P-2184
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4e9b45e4e-9c80-45a0-a2f9-f48b1238ed25
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1649-P-2184

Jean Piccard

Artist:
Raymond Breinin, 1910 - 2000  Search this
Sitter:
Jean Piccard, 1884 - 1963  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
118cm x 89.2cm (46 7/16" x 35 1/8"), Sight
Type:
Painting
Date:
1946
Topic:
Jean Piccard: Science and Technology\Scientist\Physicist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts
Object number:
1948.2 PAFA
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm445770952-055e-4d07-9665-307d6dc4ce56
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1948.2_PAFA

Raymond Breinin

Artist:
Raymond Breinin, 1910 - 2000  Search this
Sitter:
Raymond Breinin, 1910 - 2000  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
60.5cm x 51.2cm (23 13/16" x 20 3/16"), Accurate
Type:
Painting
Date:
c. 1960-1965
Topic:
Interior  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Eyeglasses  Search this
Costume\Dress Accessory\Scarf  Search this
Self-portrait  Search this
Raymond Breinin: Visual Arts\Artist  Search this
Raymond Breinin: Male  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: National Academy of Design
Object number:
1669-P-1249
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4e23b3d9b-40c8-462a-a445-eef28eedab6f
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_1669-P-1249

John Wesley Powell

Artist:
Rudy Wendelin, 1910 - 2000  Search this
Sitter:
John Wesley Powell, 24 Mar 1834 - 23 Sep 1902  Search this
Medium:
Watercolor
Dimensions:
Sight: 38.5 x 29.2cm (15 3/16 x 11 1/2")
Type:
Painting
Date:
1969
Topic:
John Wesley Powell: Male  Search this
John Wesley Powell: Natural Resources\Explorer  Search this
John Wesley Powell: Literature\Writer\Scientific  Search this
John Wesley Powell: Education\Educator\Professor\University  Search this
John Wesley Powell: Science and Technology\Scientist\Earth Scientist\Geologist  Search this
John Wesley Powell: Humanities and Social Sciences\Anthropologist\Ethnologist  Search this
Portrait  Search this
Credit Line:
Owner: Cosmos Club
Object number:
DC040021
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Catalog of American Portraits
Data Source:
Catalog of American Portraits
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm4d60aa3f1-276f-43c0-b3bd-e1799c0e45dc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:npg_DC040021

Landscape

Artist:
Eugene Leroy, French, b. Tourcoing, 1910– 2000  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
23 5/8 x 31 7/8 in. (60 x 81 cm)
Type:
Painting
Date:
1960
Credit Line:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966
Accession Number:
66.2999
See more items in:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection
Data Source:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/py27c1b9411-4d61-4cba-8d85-d977fa112ab6
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:hmsg_66.2999

Torso

Artist:
Eugene Leroy, French, b. Tourcoing, 1910– 2000  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
57 1/4 X 45 IN. (145.4 X 114.3 CM.)
Type:
Painting
Date:
(1961)
Credit Line:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966
Accession Number:
66.3001
See more items in:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection
Data Source:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/py220d76c54-f01d-4da3-94d1-ad6a11073477
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:hmsg_66.3001

Torso

Artist:
Eugene Leroy, French, b. Tourcoing, 1910– 2000  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
36 1/4 X 23 1/2 IN. (92.0 X 60.0 CM.)
Type:
Painting
Date:
1961
Credit Line:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966
Accession Number:
66.3002
See more items in:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection
Data Source:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/py2453f9199-19c9-4488-a787-29b5f122e968
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:hmsg_66.3002

Portrait

Artist:
Eugene Leroy, French, b. Tourcoing, 1910– 2000  Search this
Medium:
Oil on canvas
Dimensions:
26 X 19 3/4 IN. (66.0 X 50.2 CM.)
Type:
Painting
Date:
(1961)
Credit Line:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966
Accession Number:
66.3003
See more items in:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection
Data Source:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/py2576be689-af0e-4a73-8e55-e0af2dc3ff45
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:hmsg_66.3003

Open Door

Artist:
Raymond Breinin, American, b. Vitebsk, Russia, 1910–2000  Search this
Medium:
Gouache on paperboard
Dimensions:
sheet: 19 7/8 x 30 in. (50.5 x 76.2 cm) image: 18 1/4 x 30 in. (46.4 x 76.2 cm)
Type:
Painting
Date:
1937
Credit Line:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, The Joseph H. Hirshhorn Bequest, 1981
Accession Number:
86.567
See more items in:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection
Data Source:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/py25ed6ba4c-19e9-403c-a915-9c6d90ca33b2
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:hmsg_86.567

History (Story)

Artist:
Eugene Leroy, French, b. Tourcoing, 1910– 2000  Search this
Medium:
Oil on linen
Dimensions:
45 x 64 in. (114.3 x 162.6 cm)
Type:
Painting
Date:
1968-1977
Credit Line:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, Gift of Samuel M. Greenbaum and Helen Marx Greenbaum Families in memory of Helen Marx Greenbaum, 1997
Accession Number:
97.25
See more items in:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection
Data Source:
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/py2c20260f9-a2dd-4c18-a84e-84b8ec166fcf
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:hmsg_97.25

Sleeping Gibbon

Artist:
Zhang Daqian 張大千 (China, 1899-1983)  Search this
Signed as Liang Kai 梁楷 (late 12th-early 13th century)  Search this
Calligrapher:
Superscription by Puru (China, 1896-1963)  Search this
Medium:
Ink on paper
Dimensions:
H x W (image): 163.7 x 67.1 cm (64 7/16 x 26 7/16 in)
Type:
Painting
Origin:
China
Date:
ca. 1934
Period:
Modern period
Topic:
Modern period (1912 - present)  Search this
monkey  Search this
sleeping  Search this
forgery  Search this
gibbon  Search this
China  Search this
Chinese Art  Search this
WWII-era provenance  Search this
Credit Line:
Gift of Patricia Falk, from the collection of Mr. and Mrs. Myron S. Falk, Jr
Accession Number:
S2002.6
Restrictions & Rights:
Usage conditions apply
See more items in:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Collection
Data Source:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ye3cec1139c-d47a-48bb-a1d9-fe684aa7748b
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:fsg_S2002.6

Pauline B. and Myron S. Falk, Jr. Papers

Creator:
Falk, Johnny, 1906-1992  Search this
Falk, Pauline  Search this
Names:
American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee  Search this
Asia House Gallery  Search this
Bennington College  Search this
Brooklyn Museum  Search this
Chinese Art Society of America  Search this
Columbia University. Teachers College. Lincoln School  Search this
Federation of Jewish Philanthropies of New York  Search this
Japan Society (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Jewish Board of Family and Children's Services (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)  Search this
National Refugee Service (U.S.)  Search this
Pan American World Airways, Inc.  Search this
Baerwald, Paul, 1871-1961  Search this
David, Percival, Sir, 1892-1964  Search this
Lawton, Thomas, 1931-  Search this
Pope, John Alexander, 1906-1982  Search this
Salmony, Alfred, 1890-1958  Search this
Sickman, L. C. S. (Laurence C. S.)  Search this
Stern, Harold P.  Search this
Wenley, A. G. (Archibald Gibson), 1898-1962  Search this
Extent:
24 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Correspondence
Photographs
Diaries
Maps
Place:
China -- Description and Travel
China
USA -- New York -- New York
Date:
1904-1998
bulk 1935-1980
Scope and Contents:
Papers of art collectors Pauline Baerwald Falk (1910-2000) and Myron (Johnny) Falk Jr. (1906-1992), 1904-1998. Created and collected by the Falks, this collection includes: biographical data; black-and-white and color prints of art objects and people; photo albums of art objects in the Falk's art collection; symposium papers, scholarly reviews, and newspaper articles on Chinese art; Professor Alfred Salmony's lecture notes, Metropolitan Museum; purchase invoices for Chinese art, Japanese art, and Korean art; photographs, receipts, itineraries, one seal, atlases, and journals relating to the Falk's various trips to Asia and Europe, personal correspondence and correspondence with art dealers; guest books from 17 East 66th Street, New York and 888 Park Ave., New York, signed by guests from 1949-1997; committee papers; exhibition loan forms, Mr. Falk's notes about the collection and sale results from property consigned for sale; and four reels 16mm motion picture film taken during the Falk's 1937 trip to Asia.
Arrangement:
The collection is organized into five series. 1. Correspondence; 2. Personal papers; 3. Professional papers; 4. Travel related materials; 5. Falk art collection related materials.
Biographical / Historical:
Myron S. (Johnny) Falk Jr., and his wife Pauline Baerwald Falk were active philanthropists, prominent Asian art collectors and were both active in the Jewish and Art communities.
The purchase that started their collection happened while on their 1935 honeymoon in the English countryside where they came upon two blue-and-white Ming Dynasty porcelain dishes. Later, taking one of the inaugural Pan Am Clipper flights to China in 1937, their collecting began in earnest. There are home movies in the collection taken by Johnny that document their trip to a largely untouched China. However, because China was closed to the West starting in 1950, they were unable to return until 1979.
As collectors, the Falks made a good team. Due to his engineering background from school, Johnny became an expert on firing techniques and glazes; while Pauline was known as the ''eye.'' Their fervent and long-term involvement in the Asian art community led them to become close friends with the biggest dealers in America and Europe.
Johnny and Pauline collected wares of the Song dynasty, archaic bronzes, jades, stone sculptures, several fine Ming and Qing porcelains, Korean ceramics, and nearly 100 Japanese paintings. After more than fifty years collecting their art work totaled over 700 items.
Johnny and Pauline lent their artworks to museums, advised art institutions in the United States and abroad, and fostered the training of a new generation of curators, scholars and other professionals in the Asian art field.
Johnny was an investment banker, philanthropist and prominent collector of Asian art. He was a longtime trustee of the Asia Society and helped found the Oriental Art Council, Roebling Society of the Brooklyn Museum and Japan Society Gallery. He also served as a director of the New York Foundation and Hebrew Technical Institute, a board member of the Federation of Jewish Philanthropies and chairman of the Bennington College board of trustees.
Pauline was a philanthropist, collector of Asian art, president of the Jewish Board of Family and Children Services, and founder of the New Lincoln School in Manhattan. She worked with displaced Jewish refugees before and during World War II. She was active in the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee and became a founding member of the National Refugee Service, the Council for Jewish Women and the Jewish Social Service Association.
Together they were strong supporters of the Asia Society, the Chinese Art Society, they helped establish the Friends of Asia House Gallery in 1971, and founded the Friends of the China Institute in America Gallery. They also established the "Archives of Chinese Art" in 1945 an important scholarly journal that is published today by The Asia Society as the "Archives of Asian Art," and are among the founding members of the Friends of the Far Eastern Art at the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the Friends of Asian Art at the Brooklyn Museum.
Local Numbers:
FSA A2002.03
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository.
Topic:
World War, 1939-1945  Search this
Bronzes, Chinese  Search this
Ceramics -- China  Search this
Art, Asian -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Genre/Form:
Correspondence
Photographs
Diaries -- 20th century
Maps -- 20th century
Identifier:
FSA.A2002.03
See more items in:
Pauline B. and Myron S. Falk, Jr. Papers
Archival Repository:
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-fsa-a2002-03
Online Media:

Binney & Smith, Inc. Records

Creator:
Binney & Smith, Inc.  Search this
Names:
Binney, Edwin  Search this
Smith, Harold  Search this
Extent:
24 Cubic feet (64 boxes and 1 oversize folder)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Catalogs
Color charts
Annual reports
Price lists
Newsletters
Photographs
Date:
1897-1998
Summary:
Collection documents Binney & Smith, Inc. creators and manufacturers of Crayola crayons. Includes documentation on 20th century advertising, commercial packaging, commercial imagery, and retail merchandising: newsletters, annual reports, research and development records, color charts, advertising materials, and product information, including catalogs and price lists.
Scope and Contents:
The Binney & Smith Inc. Records, document twentieth century advertising, commercial packaging, commercial imagery, and retail merchandising. They are a major source for research on American consumer culture. This collection is divided into thirteen (13) series.

Series 2: Executive Records, 1897-1995, consists of annual and corporate reports, by-laws, minutes, correspondence, annual reports, stockholder materials and the attempted merger of Binney & Smith by Cheeseborough-Ponds in the early 1970s and the Kellogg Co., ca. 1979.

Series 3: Financial, Sales, and Marketing Records, 1902-1990, consists primarily of sales information and statistics for crayons and other products. The correspondence, 1913-1931, includes documentation on monthly sales with explanations and analysis. Binney & Smith created comparative data on a yearly basis for products and salesmen. The salesmen data, 1919-1932, contains the amount of sales, expenses, percentages, time periods, and increases and decreases in business. Specific salesmen are cited in reports. All of the sales information should be consulted as there is considerable overlap.

Series 4: Employee/Personnel Records, 1917-1993, contains payroll rate books, employee reports and miscellaneous documentation. The payroll rate books include the names of employees and the rate at which they were paid per hour. In some instances it is noted if the employee left the company.

Series 5: Newsletters and Publications, 1948-1995, include newsletters and other publications produced by Binney & Smith, Inc. Arranged alphabetically, this series contains publications intended for both internal distribution such as the Rainbow Insider and external distribution such as the Art Educationist and Drawing Teacher. This series provides valuable information on the history of the company, how it operates, the types of products produced, and the employees. The Art Educationist, formerly known as the Drawing Teacher, which began publication in 1926, was a publication for art teachers that promoted the value of art in schools. It contains editorials, comments from teachers, and suggested art activities.

Series 6: Research and Development Records, 1905-1987, includes a wide variety of materials documenting the Research and Development Department. The bulk of the materials include crayon formulas. Other formulas for products such as chalk exist.

Series 7: Advertising and Marketing Records, 1918-1998, contains several subseries with the bulk of the material being documentation on labeling and packaging. The advertising accounts are arranged chronologically and then within each year, alphabetically by the name of the journal or magazine in which Binney & Smith advertised. The cards provide the name, address, date of contract, date of expiration, space allotted, rate, subject of the ad, and remarks if applicable. Information on distribution and "specials" is available for some years. The promotional materials consist of licensing information, press kits, and printed literature, particularly Promotional Plans which describe the details of each promotion offered for each product along with suggestions for merchandising activities.

Series 8: Catalogs, 1916-1995, and Series 9: Price Lists, 1916-1995, are arranged alphabetically by division within Binney & Smith, Inc. Both series provide documentation on the types of products available to the consumer and costs associated with each product.

Series 10: Product Information, 1918-1995, consists of printed literature on a variety of products produced by Binney & Smith, Inc. The series is arranged alphabetically. The product inventories, 1920-1925, are arranged by product number in sequential order. There are three distinct inventories--those arranged by product number (#1-#7026); those arranged alpha-numerically (#04-#04Y); and those arranged alphabetically.

Series 11: Competitors, 1918-1992, contains published catalogs and advertising of crayon competitors. There is a scrapbook of competitors advertising contains correspondence, product information, advertisements, and newspaper clippings for the American Crayon Co., Art Crayon Co., Botts Mfg., Eberhard Faber Co., Ferst Brothers, Joseph Dixon Crucible Co., Milton-Bradley Co., and National Crayon Co.

Series 12: Photographs and Scrapbooks, circa 1900s-1997, includes several subseries documenting buildings and office spaces,displays, employees and machinery, products, portraits, photo albums, and oversized. The oversized photographs contain some panoramic shots of Binney & Smith company "annual outings." The photograph albums consist of several albums including the Middletown Township Workshop, 1952, an art workshop sponsored by Binney & Smith, Inc. Three albums contain photographs of various construction and expansion projects from the 1960s to 1975. Of note is the photo album containing photographs and newspaper clippings from the 1959 California Pacific Crayon Company fire. Also, there are Binney & Smith company albums, 1949-1976, that document a variety of activities within the company. Each album was photographed by W. H. Milliken, Jr., and specified the location, date, and number of photographs in the album. The albums cover topics such as art shows, trade shows, suppers, dinner parties, office shots, employee anniversaries, and retirement parties. The scrapbooks span the years 1962-1975, and contain both newspaper clippings and some black and white photographs documenting various company activities and its employees.

Series 13: Audio-Visual Materials, circa 1980s-1998, contain two 1/2" VHS tapes documenting the 40th anniversary of the Crayola 64 box and Silly Putty.
Arrangement:
Series 1: Historical Background

Series 2: Executive Records, 1897-1995

Series 3: Financial, Sales, and Marketing Records, 1902-1990

Series 4: Employee/Personnel Records, 1917-1993

Series 5: Newsletters and Publications, 1948-1995

Series 6: Research and Development Records, 1905-1987

Series 7: Advertising and Promotional Records, 1918-1998

Series 8: Catalogs, 1916-1995

Series 9: Price Lists, 1916-1925

Series 10: Product Information, 1918-1925

Series 11: Competitors, 1918-1992

Series 12: Photographs and Scrapbooks, circa 1900s-1997

Series 13: Audiovisual Materials, circa 1980-1998.
Series 1: Historical Background, 1956-1990s

Series 2: Executive Records, 1897-1995

Series 3: Financial, Sales and Marketing Records, 1902-1990

Series 4: Employee and Personnel Records, 1917-1993

Series 5: Newsletters and Publications, 1948-1995

Series 6: Research and Development Records, 1905-1987

Series 7: Advertising and Promotional Records, 1918-1998

Series 8: Catalogs, 1916-1995

Series 9: Price Lists, 1916-1995

Series 10: Product Information, 1918-1995

Series 11: Competitors, 1918-1992

Series 12: Photographs and Scrapbooks, circa 1900s-1997

Series 13: Audio-Visual Materials, circa 1980-1998
Biographical / Historical:
In 1864, Joseph W. Binney (1836-1898), began a small chemical works in Peekskill, New York. He ground and packaged hardwood charcoal and manufactured small quantities of lamp black from whale oil. In 1880, he opened a New York City office taking on his nephew, C. Harold Smith (1860-1931) as a salesman. Later, Joseph Binney's son, Edwin Binney (1866-1934), joined the business. The organization was known as the Peekskill Chemical Co. Joseph W. Binney retired and in May 1885, Edwin Binney and C. Harold Smith formed a partnership, Binney & Smith. Their early products included red oxide pigment used in barn paint and carbon for black tires. In 1900, the company began producing slate school pencils in its Easton, Pennsylvania mill. With the assistance of John Ketchum, the owner of a talc mine in North Carolina, Binney began combining old slate waste with cement and the talc supplied by Ketchum to produce slate pencils. Two years later, Binney & Smith introduced their white dustless blackboard chalk, "Au-Du-Septic" and in 1903, the company produced a box of eight crayons, which sold for a nickel. The word "Crayola" coined by Edwin Binney's wife, Alice, comes from "craie" the French word for chalk, and "ola," from oleaginous, meaning oily or pertaining to oil. Binney & Smith's best known product is Crayola crayons. However, its product line now includes: tempera, washable, and fabric paints, Liquitex acrylic paints, Magic Marker, chalk, clay, and Jazzy fashion and craft accessories. Binney & Smith acquired Silly Putty in 1977 and in 1984, became a subsidiary of Hallmark Cards, Inc. Products are still manufactured in Easton, Pennsylvania (world headquarters), as well as Mexico, and Indonesia and are available in twelve languages. In 2007, the company changed its name to Crayola LLC.
Separated Materials:
Artifacts were donated to the National Museum of American History, Division of Cultural History on November 18, 1997 and March 15, 1998. The artifacts consist of more than 150 objects, including 79 boxes of Crayola crayons from the 1900s to 1998; 24 boxes of chalk from the 1890s to 1998, 18 art kits; 10 sets of EDU-CARDS from the 1960s and 1970s; and 10 packages of Silly Putty from the 1950s to the 1990s.
Provenance:
This collection was donated to the National Museum of American History, Archives Center on November 18, 1997, by Binney & Smith through Patrick Morris. Additional materials were donated in March 1998, by Binney & Smith through Tracey Muldoon Moran and in February 2000 through Stacy Gabrielle.
Restrictions:
Collection is open for research.
Rights:
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Topic:
Chalk -- 1910-2000  Search this
Crayons -- 1910-2000  Search this
Packaging -- 20th century  Search this
Paint -- 1910-2000  Search this
Genre/Form:
Catalogs -- 1910-2000
Color charts -- 1910-2000
Annual reports -- 20th century
Price lists
Newsletters -- 20th century
Photographs -- 20th century
Citation:
Binney & Smith, Inc., Records, 1897-1998, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Identifier:
NMAH.AC.0624
See more items in:
Binney & Smith, Inc. Records
Archival Repository:
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-nmah-ac-0624
Online Media:

Print

Culture/People:
Non-Indian  Search this
Artist/Maker:
Margaret Schevill Link, Non-Indian, 1887-1962 and Robert Spray, Non-Indian, 1910-2000  Search this
Previous owner:
Dr. Galen Richard Kline, Non-Indian, 1935-1989  Search this
Dr. Paule Gounelle Kline, Non-Indian  Search this
Donor:
Dr. Paule Gounelle Kline, Non-Indian  Search this
Honoree:
Dr. Galen Richard Kline, Non-Indian, 1935-1989  Search this
Object Name:
Print
Media/Materials:
Paper, ink
Techniques:
Silkscreen printed
Dimensions:
23 x 31 x 0.5 cm
Object Type:
Painting/Drawing/Print
Place:
California; USA (inferred)
Date created:
1950-1956
Catalog Number:
25/3951
Barcode:
253951.000
See related items:
Non-Indian
Painting/Drawing/Print
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws629b305f4-6de1-44c9-9025-5337e9101efc
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_269973
Online Media:

Man's leggings

Culture/People:
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)  Search this
Previous owner:
Chief Red Cloud (Makhpiya-luta [Scarlet Cloud]/Mahpina Luta), Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux), 1822-1909  Search this
Harold J. Hibben (Harold James Hibben), Non-Indian, 1881-1956  Search this
Richard M. Fairbanks, Non-Indian, 1912-2000  Search this
Donor:
Richard M. Fairbanks, Non-Indian, 1912-2000  Search this
Honoree:
Harold J. Hibben (Harold James Hibben), Non-Indian, 1881-1956  Search this
Object Name:
Man's leggings
Media/Materials:
Hide, glass bead/beads
Techniques:
Sewn, lazy/lane stitch beadwork, overlay beadwork, bead-wrapped , painted
Dimensions:
92 x 52 cm
Object Type:
Clothing/Garments
Place:
North Dakota or South Dakota; USA (inferred)
Catalog Number:
22/7377
Barcode:
227377.000
See related items:
Oglala Lakota (Oglala Sioux)
Clothing/Garments
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws6db658adf-5983-4fdf-b32c-792ce8529aac
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_242421
Online Media:

Tomahawk/Axe

Culture/People:
possibly Plains (attributed)  Search this
Previous owner:
Harold J. Hibben (Harold James Hibben), Non-Indian, 1881-1956  Search this
Richard M. Fairbanks, Non-Indian, 1912-2000  Search this
Donor:
Richard M. Fairbanks, Non-Indian, 1912-2000  Search this
Honoree:
Harold J. Hibben (Harold James Hibben), Non-Indian, 1881-1956  Search this
Object Name:
Tomahawk/Axe
Media/Materials:
Copper, sinew, commercial leather thong, paint
Techniques:
Wrapped
Object Type:
Personal items
Place:
Lake Superior region; Ontario, Minnesota, Michigan, Wisconsin; Canada, USA (inferred)
Catalog Number:
22/7273
Barcode:
227273.000
See related items:
Plains
Personal items
Data Source:
National Museum of the American Indian
GUID:
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/ws657d7ede7-b543-4d6e-8c7f-88ec465a3998
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:NMAI_242300
Online Media:

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