7.38 Cubic feet (consisting of 12 boxes, 2 folders, 11 oversize folders, 1 map case folder, 3 boxes (1 full, 2 partial), plus digital images of some collection material.)
Legislation (legal concepts)
Mail order catalogs
Signs (declaratory or advertising artifacts)
A New York bookseller, Warshaw assembled this collection over nearly fifty years. The Warshaw Collection of Business Americana: Accounting and Bookkeeping forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Subseries 1.1: Subject Categories. The Subject Categories subseries is divided into 470 subject categories based on those created by Mr. Warshaw. These subject categories include topical subjects, types or forms of material, people, organizations, historical events, and other categories. An overview to the entire Warshaw collection is available here: Warshaw Collection of Business Americana
Scope and Contents note:
In 1953, Warshaw launched a year-long collecting campaign, soliciting material on whiskey and wine. He expanded this effort to also include items related to the drinking habit of notable persons. This category was originally labeled "whiskey" but has been retitled as the content covers a wide variety of distilled beverages, spirits, liquors, liqueurs, and hard alcohol.
The bulk of the content is print material in the form of advertising, circulars, price lists, marketing and promotional items with also a sampling of business records consisting of transactional documents such as receipts, invoices, correspondence, and import/export paperwork. Some bottle labels and a couple of packaging examples are present, as are drink recipe booklets and entertainment/pairing guides. Only a small portion of this series covers regulatory aspects such as licensing and taxation, including a Prohibitionists' Text-Book from 1880. The rich volume of advertising provides much in the way of visuals regarding the culture of drinking and entertainment through several 19th and 20th Century eras.
The Warshaw Survey Campaign Records series provides insight to his collection building strategy. Samples of his outbound solicitations exist and to a greater extent, the inbound replies help demonstrate his process and some of the relationships he had with institutions, businesses, and individuals. Of particular note are some of the anecdotal responses, plus several essays and memoir pieces related to the effects of alcohol consumption; not always positive, not always negative.
See also Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Series 2: Other Collection Divisions, Liquor & Wine Labels and Advertisements, 1893-1905, which contains two additional boxes of scrapbooks filled with printed advertisements, dealers' receipts, labels and drink recipe books.
Whiskey, Liquor, and Spirits is arranged in five subseries.
Business Records and Marketing Material
Warshaw's Whiskey and Wine Survey and Collecting Campaign Records
Brand Name Index:
The following is a list of brand names for various alcoholic beverages and related names that appear on this list is a compilation of those found on materials in the vertical document boxes. It is not a complete list of all the brand names for whiskey.
Brand Name Index
Brand Name -- Manufacturer
Adam Schneider's Dutch -- Seagram Distillery
Alleghany -- Phoenix Mills Dist.Co.
Ambassador -- Taylor & Ferguson
Ancestor -- John Dewar & Sons
Anderson Co. Club -- Phoenix Mills Dist. Co.
Angostura Bitters -- Philip Goldberg
Antiquary -- Jas. Hardie
Apry -- Schieffein & Co.
Arkansas Traveler -- Seagram Distillers
B & B -- Wright & Taylor
Bailey' s -- Huey & Christ
Banquet -- Ginter Co.
Barton -- Revere Distilling Co.
Bay State -- Revere Distilling Co.
Beechwood -- Applegate & Sons
Beefeater -- Kobrand Corp.
Big Cat -- General Distillers Corp.
Black & White -- Fleischmann Dist.
Black Warrior, The -- Seagram Distillers
Blue Blood Club -- Kentucky Liquor Co.
Blue Ribbon -- Altschul Distilling Co.
Bombay -- A. M. Penrose
Bond & Lillard -- W.H. McBrayer
Bonnie Brae -- Cobb Hersey Co.
Bos -- Pease Son & Co.
Bottoms Up -- Brown-Forman Distillery Co.
Briar Mint -- Cincinnati Distillers
Briar Mint -- General Distillers Corp.
Brunswick Club -- H.& H.W. Catherwood
Buckingham -- Venable & Heyman
Burks Spring -- Thos. L. Smith & Sons
Cabinet -- Woodrow & George
Canadian Club -- Hiram Walker & Son
Cap'n Jack -- Cincinnati Distillers
Carioca -- Schenley Co.
Carstairs -- Stewart Distilling Co.
Cedar Brook -- Wm.H. McBrayer
Cedar Valley -- Weideman, Holmes & Co.
Cee Bee Sloe Gin -- Cook & Bernheimer Co.
Celery -- Cook & Bernheimer Co.
Charteuse -- Shieffein & Co.
Cherry Heering -- Schenley Import Co.
Chivas Regal -- General Wine & Spirits Co.
Churchill 88 -- Fleischmann Distilling Corp.
Clover Club -- Boyle & McGlinn
Club, The -- G.F. Heublein & Bros.
Club House -- M. Shaughnessy & Co.
Cold Spring Jockey Club -- John Kissel & Son
Commodore -- J. Brown & Co.
Commonwealth Club -- Cobb Hersey Co.
Corby's -- Jas. Barclay & Co.
Cordon Bleu -- Martell
Coates Plymouth -- Schiefflin & Co.
County Chairman -- General Distillers Corp.
Courvoisier -- W.A. Taylor & Co.
Crcaker Jack -- General Distillers Corp.
Creme Yvette -- Sheffield Co.
Cuckoo -- Rex Distilling Co.
Cutty Shark -- Berry Bros . & Rudd Ltd.
Dekuyper -- National Distillers Products
Dewey's Victory -- A.B. Sheaffer
Dews of Erin -- Cobb Hersey Co.
D.J.A. -- David & John Anderson Ltd.
D.O.M. Benedictine -- Julius Wile Sons
Drambuie -- W.A.Taylor & Co.
Drip Rock -- Cold Spring Distilling
Duff Gordon -- Munson G. Shaw Co.
Eagle Liqueur -- Rheinstrom Bros .
Early Times -- Brown-Forman Distillery
Gold Dust -- A.R. Champney Co.
El Bart -- Camberwell Distillery
Embassy Club -- Continental Distilling
Empire Club -- G.F. Coshland & Co.
Everett Spring -- Cobb Hersey Co.
Fairfax County -- Austin, Nichols & Co.
Fairview -- Schmidt & Ziegler, Ltd.
Fellsglen -- John E. Fells
Fenbrook -- Charles S. Gove Co.
Fig Rye -- F. Madlener
Four Roses -- Frankfort Distilleries
Fulton -- Myers & Co.
Fundador -- Canada Dry Import Co.
Gair Loch -- Stromness Dist. Co.
Galliano -- McKesson & Robbins
Gaston Fontaine's -- Cobb Hersey Co.
Geneva -- United Dist. Co.
George Mills -- Woodrow & George
Geyser -- Peoples Distilling Co.
Gilbey' s Gin -- National Distillers Prod.ucts
Gold Fax -- Clune & Torpy
Golden Seal -- W. Scott Gillespie
Golden Truth -- Despres Distilling Co.
Grand Marnier -- Carillon Importers Ltd.
Grant 63 -- Revere Distilling Co.
Grandpa' s Delight -- Pembrook Distilling Co.
Grant's Stand Fast -- Austin, Nichols & Co.
Green River -- McCulloch
Greensboro -- Cobb Hersey Co.
Grouse -- Seggerman Slocum
Harrisville -- Cobb Hersey Co.
Harvest Home -- Seagram Distillers
Hazel Dell -- Rheinstrom Bros.
Heather Blossom -- B.H.R. Distilling Co.
Hennessy -- Schieffein & Co.
Hillside -- Steinhardt Bros. & Co.
Hine Cognac -- 21 Brands Inc.
Hoffman House -- P.H. Hamburger
Holland Process -- Rosenberger Bros.
Home Comfort -- Max Stiner & Co.
House of Lords -- Wm.Whitely & Co.
House of Lords -- W.A. Taylor & Co.
Hunter -- Wm. Lanaham & Sons
Imperial -- Hiram Walker & Sons
Inverness Club -- J.W. Cheesman Co.
Irish Mist -- Munson G. Shaw Co.
Jackson Club -- O'Bryan Bros.
Jefferson -- Seagram Distillers
Jessie Moore -- General Distillers Corp
Joel Hill -- Woodrow & George
Jockey Club -- Excelsior Distilling Co.
J.& F. Martell's Brandy -- G.S.Nicholas & Co.
Kenton Belle -- Simon Kenton Co.
Kentucky Favorite -- United Dist. Co.
Kentucky Gentleman -- Barton Distilling Co.
Kentucky Nectar -- General Distillers Corp
Kentucky Tavern -- Glenmore Distillers
Keuka Club -- O'Dea Home Supply Co.
Keystone -- Wm.H.Graham & Co.
Kilty -- R.Thorne & Sons, Ltd.
King -- Brown-Forman Distillery
King's Ransom -- Edradour Distillery
King's Ransom -- Wm. Whitely & Co.
Kuban -- General Distillers Corp
Laganda Club -- Altschul Distilling Co
Lamplighter -- J.& w . Nicholson Co.
Latonia Club -- Sheldon Co.
La Rojena (Jose Cuervo) -- Young' s Market
Lechmere -- Doyle, F.M. & Co.
Lemon Hart -- Julios Wile Sons
Lick Run -- General Distillers Co.
Lindenwood -- Spiess & Bachenheimer
London Dry -- Sir Robert Burnett & Co
London Gin -- Wm. Reed
Lorraine Club -- Felix Coblentz & Co.
MacNaughton -- Schenley Co.
Maker' s Mark -- Star Hill Distilling Co
Mammoth Cave Springs -- Seagram Distillers
Manhattan Club -- Mac Stiner & Co.
Maryland Club -- John Belt & Co.
Mentor -- Ginter Co.
Monitor -- J.C. Childs & Co.
Mosaic -- People's Distilling Co.
Mount Vernon -- Cook & Bernheimer
Mount Vernon -- Mannis Distilling
Mouquin -- Austin, Nichols & Co.
Myers -- General Wine & Spirits Co. Thos. Smith Co.
M & Z -- Thos. Smith Co.
Nectar -- Woodrow & George
Nelson County -- Wm.S.Turner Dist.Co.
Novena -- Rheinstrom Bros.
Number 30 -- General Distillers Corp.
O.F.C. -- Geo. T. Stagg Co.
O.F.C. -- Schenley Co.
Old Amor Rye -- H.W .Huguley Co.
Old Angus -- Train & Mcintrye, Ltd.
Old Anvil -- General Distilleries Corp.
Old Benton -- Excelsior Distilling C
Old Boone -- Wm.S.Turner Dist.Co.
Old Charter -- Wright & Taylor
Old Chuck -- General Distilleries Corp.
Old Crow -- Hermitage Distillery
Old Crow -- H.B.Kirk & Co.
Old Elk -- Stoll, Vanatta & Co.
Old Fitzgerald -- Stitzel-Wellwe Distillery
Old Forester -- Brown-Forman Distillery Co.
Old Goodenough -- United Distributing Co.
Old Grain Belt -- Pure Food Dist. Co.
Old Grist Mill -- John F.Gillespie
Old Hickory Hollow -- Wm. S.Turner Dist.Co.
Old Homestead -- Seagram Distillers
Old Home Still -- Sheldon co. Cocktail
Old Hundred -- Wm.S.Turner Dist.Co.
Old Judge -- Altschul Distilling Co.
Old Lanark -- York Distilling
Old Maid -- Irene Parker Co.
Old Maysville -- Manufacturer Unknown
Old Minden -- Revere Distilling
Old Pilgrim -- Revere Distilling Co.
Old Prentice -- J.T.S.Brown & Sons
Old Pugh -- R.S.Strader & Son
Old Rampart -- General Distillers Corp.
Old Richmond -- Thos. L. Smith Co
Old Rip -- J.C. Childs & Co
Old Saratoga -- Rosskam, Gerstley & Co.
Old '67 Rye -- Wm.S.Turner Dist. Co
Old Star -- A & G J.Caldwell
Old Talent -- Cobb Hersey Co
Old Time -- John N.Thomas & Co.
Old Tom -- Wm.Reed
Old Tom Gin -- DuVivier & Co.
Old Underoof -- Chas.Dennehy & Co
Old Valley -- Woodrow & George
Owl Club -- Wm.S.Turner
Oxford -- Simon Kenton Co.
Paddy -- Cork Distributer
Paddy -- York Distilleries
Paddy -- Austin, Nichols & Co
Paul Jones -- Frankfort Distilleries
Perfection -- D.& J. Mc Callum's
Pernod -- Julius Wile Sons
Pilgrimage -- W.H.McBrayer
Pioneer, The -- Seagram Distillers
Pimm's Cup -- Julius Wile Sons
Pointer -- Gottschalk Co.
Pot Still Gin -- Milshire
Prince Hurbert Polignac -- Dennis & Hippert
Private Stock -- Cincinnati Distillers
Queen Louise -- Rose City Importing Co
Ramshead -- Hannah & Hogg
Red Top Rye -- Ferdinand Westheimer & Sons
Remy Martin -- Renfield Importers Ltd
Richwood -- W.H. McBrayer
Robin Olg -- Geo. Beer & Son
Rock Hill -- Wm.S.Turner
Rock Spring -- Dudley P.Ely
Rock & Rye -- Sheldon co.
Rogers -- United Distributing Co
Ronrico -- General Wine & Spirits Co
Rose Annoo -- Henry Hollander
Rosebud -- Applegate & Sons
Rose Wood -- General Distillers Corp.
Royal Club -- John N.Thomas & Co.
Secrestat Bitters -- G.S.Nicholas & Co.
Sheridan Club -- Despres Distilling Co
Silver Lake -- Seagram Distillers
Silver Thistle -- Hannah & Hogg
Stag -- A.M. Bininger & Co
Stand Fast -- Grant's
Standard -- Steinhardt Bros. & Co.
Sterling -- Steinhardt Bros, & Co.
Storm King -- J.C. Childs & Co.
Strega -- Canada Dry Imprt Co.
Summerfield -- Cobb Hersey Co.
Sunbeam -- Cobb Hersey Co
Sunny Valley -- Revere Distilling Co.
Susquehanna -- W.H. McBrayer
Swan Gin -- Ferd.Ruttman & Son
Sweet Home -- Altschul Distilling Co
Tea Kettle -- W.H.McBrayer
Tia Maria -- W.A.Taylor & Co.
Trimble -- White, Hentz & Co.
Tullamore Dew -- Munson G.Shaw Co.
Upper Ten -- H.& H.W Catherwood
Usher's Whiskey -- G.S.Nicholas & Co.
Virginia Gentleman -- Austin, Nichols & co.
Waterfill & Frazier -- W.H. McBrayer
Whipple Creek -- General Distillers Corp
White Dove -- Revere Distilliing Co.
White Label -- John Krissel & Son
White Label -- John Dewar & Sons
White Lily -- Cobb Hersey Co.
White Horse -- Mackie & Coy
White Seal -- Carstairs
Wild Cat -- Seagram Distillers
Wolf Creek -- Frankfort Distilleries
Woodland -- Crigler and Crigler
w.w.w -- Angela Myers
Forms Part Of:
Forms part of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana.
Series 1: Business Ephemera
Series 2: Other Collection Divisions
Series 3: Isadore Warshaw Personal Papers
Series 4: Photographic Reference Material
Whiskey, Liquor, and Spirits is a portion of the Business Ephemera Series of the Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Accession AC0060 purchased from Isadore Warshaw in 1967. Warshaw continued to accumulate similar material until his death, which was donated in 1971 by his widow, Augusta. For a period after acquisition, related materials from other sources (of mixed provenance) were added to the collection so there may be content produced or published after Warshaw's death in 1969. This practice has since ceased.
Collection is open for research. Some items may be restricted due to fragile condition.
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Collection is open for research but negatives and audiovisuial materials are stored off-site and special arrangements must be made to work with it. Some papers of living persons are restricted. Access to restricted portions may be arranged by request to the donor. Gloves required for unprotected photographs. Viewing film portions of the collection and listening to LP recording requires special appointment. Contact the Archives Center for information at firstname.lastname@example.org or 202-633-3270.
The Archives Center does not own exclusive rights to these materials. Copyright for all materials is retained by the donor, Franklin A. Robinson, Jr.; permission for commercial use and/or publication may be requested from the donor through the Archives Center. Military Records for Franklin A. Robinson (b. 1932) and correspondence from Richard I. Damalouji (1961-2014) are restricted; written permission is needed to research these files. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
The Robinson and Via Family Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Preservation of the 8mm films in this collection was made possible, in part, by a grant from the National Film Preservation Fund.
National Air and Space Museum -- Exhibitions Search this
13.38 Cubic feet (11 legal document boxes, 1 shoe box (5 x 8 inches), 6 records center boxes )
This collection consists of background material collected in support of the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) exhibit "Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation" (opened in 1982) and its companion book (published 1983) by curators Von Hardesty and Dominick Pisano, a related symposium, educational materials, and a travelling version of the exhibit. The collection contains photographs and textual materials used in the exhibit and book, internal correspondence and memoranda, and a large amount of material gathered for research purposes but not used in any "Black Wings" production.
Scope and Contents:
The core of the collection covers activities of American Black aviators between 1917 and 1981, from Eugene Bullard's service as a pilot in World War I through the first Black astronauts assigned to the Space Shuttle program in the early 1980s. Curators Von Hardesty and Dominick Pisano and other Museum staff collected and generally grouped materials to fit the four chronological sections of the "Black Wings" exhibit and related book, with a strong emphasis on the stories of individual people.
Headwinds (1917-1939) covers pioneer fliers such as Bullard and Bessie Coleman; Black aviation activities in the Chicago and Los Angeles areas; early aviators and organizers including William J. Powell, Willa Brown, and Cornelius Coffey; and long distance flights by James Herman Banning and Thomas C. Allen, and C. Alfred "Chief" Anderson and Dr. Albert E. Forsythe.
Flight Lines (1939-1945) includes the 1939 flight of Dale L. White and Chauncey E. Spencer to Washington, D.C.; the Civilian Pilot Training Program (CPT); the start of training of Black military pilots at Tuskegee Army Air Field during World War II; and training of the all-Black 477th Bombardment Group. This section and the next include U.S. Army Air Force documents and photography, and materials obtained from individual Tuskegee Airmen.
Wings for War (1943-1945) covers the experiences of the men of the 99th Fighter Squadron and later the 322nd Fighter Group, all-Black fighter units which participated in the Allied campaigns in North Africa, Sicily, and Italy during World War II, and their commander, Benjamin O. Davis, Jr.
Era of Change (1945-1981), including many materials from the U.S. armed forces and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), covers the desegregation of the armed forces; military pilots' participation in the Korean and Vietnam wars (featuring William Earl Brown, Jr.; Daniel "Chappie" James, Jr.; Benjamin O. Davis, Jr.); general aviation (John W. Green, Jr.; Neal Loving); commercial aviation (Perry H. Young, Jr.; James O. Plinton, Jr.); and the U.S. space program, including not just the first Black astronauts (Guion S. Bluford, Jr.; Ronald E. McNair; Frederick D. Gregory; Charles F. Bolden) but many other NASA professional men and women from Project Mercury through the beginning of the Space Shuttle era.
Most of the material was photocopied from other sources such as books, newspapers, periodicals, and other archival collections, but many copy photographs and anecdotes were obtained from the aviators themselves (or their families), particularly those active in the 1930s and 1940s. The collection also contains internal Museum documents, notes, and memoranda regarding the development and implementation of the various "Black Wings" productions, including portions of exhibit scripts, book manuscripts, ephemera, and Museum photography taken at the exhibit opening and the symposium. Photographic formats include prints, copy prints, 4 x 5 inch black and white copy negatives and color transparencies, and 35mm copy slides. Quality of the photography is often fair to poor, as the copies are several generations removed from the original images.
The last six boxes of the collection (currently unprocessed) consists of material collected circa 2000 by curator Cathleen S. Lewis and Ian Cook (NASM Department of Space History) for a proposed update to the "Black Wings" exhibit. After it became clear that the exhibit was not going to be updated, Lewis transferred the material to the NASM Aeronautics Department, as Hardesty and Pisano were contemplating an update to the Black Wings book. This, too, failed to materialize, and the material was transferred to the NASM Archives in May 2018 to be added to the existing Black Wings Exhibit and Book Collection. This series was received by the Museum's Archives Division after the existing collection material had been scanned; it has not been scanned.
The collection is divided into six series. The first four roughly chronological series (Exhibit, Book, Educational Outreach, and Symposium) relate to the different "Black Wings" productions, and materials within each series often reflect the four-section groupings detailed in the Scope and Content note. The next series, Research Materials, has four sub-series: Biographical Files (alphabetical by last name), Subject Files and Study Materials (alphabetical by subject), Photographic Negatives, and Photographic Prints and Illustrations. The last series houses later additions to the collection which are currently unprocessed.
Materials within folders are predominantly photocopies (xerographs) and often include numerous duplicates, many unlabeled, and in no specific order. Materials relating to an exhibit often include a NASM Exhibits Department reference number (example: SE:13-L73-P58 to P59) indicating the exhibit number (13), label number (L73), and position within the exhibit (P58 to P59). Some materials are not visible online due to copyright restrictions.
Biographical / Historical:
On September 23, 1982, the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM) exhibit "Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation" opened as part of the existing "Pioneers of Aviation" exhibit located in Gallery 208 of the museum's National Mall Building in Washington, D.C. The exhibit was dedicated to the American Black Aviator, who anonymously played a historic role in shaping the growth of modern aviation. "Black Wings" encompasses the men and women who had to overcome enormous social pressures in order to gain the right to pursue the dream of flight in both civilian, military, and commercial circles. The exhibit generated much public and media interest, and inspired the Museum to sponsor a symposium on February 25, 1983, entitled "The American Black in Aviation, A Decade of Change: 1939-1949," (working title: "Tuskegee Airmen at War") featuring presentations by historians and U. S. Army Air Forces veterans including Noel F. Parrish (Commander, Tuskegee Army Air Field, 1942-1946), George F. Roberts (Commander, 99th Fighter Squadron, September 1943 to April 1944), and pilots Lewis A. Jackson, Elwood T. Driver, and Louis R. Purnell. In conjunction with the exhibit, the Museum, working with Sid Aaronson Films, Inc., produced a set of sound filmstrip packages designed for elementary and secondary school use. In 1983, the Smithsonian Institution Press published a companion book, Black Wings: The American Black in Aviation, authored by the exhibit's curators, Von Hardesty and Dominick Pisano; a second edition was issued the following year as part of the Smithsonian History of Aviation and Spaceflight series. A Smithsonian Institution Travelling Exhibition Service (SITES) version of the exhibit began circulating to other museums and venues in June 1983, and a expanded version of the SITES exhibit (featuring additional artifacts, photography, and audio-visual materials) was displayed April 1 to August 5, 1984, at the Anacostia Neighborhood Museum (later know as the Smithsonian Anacostia Community Museum) in Washington, D.C. The original NASM "Black Wings" exhibit—with occasional updates—remained on display in the "Pioneers of Flight" gallery (later renamed the "Barron Hilton Pioneers of Flight Gallery") until 2019 when the gallery was closed due to renovations to the Museum's National Mall Building.
"Black Wings: African American Pioneer Aviators" NASM Website Collection, NASM.2004.0026 [finding aid not available online]
National Air and Space Museum (NASM) Department of Aeronautics, Transfer, 1993, NASM.1993.0060; additional material transferred from NASM Department of Space History, 2018
No restrictions on access