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Oral history interview with Luchita Hurtado

Interviewee:
Hurtado, Luchita, 1920-2020  Search this
Interviewer:
Winter, Amy H. (Amy Harriet)  Search this
Karlstrom, Paul J.  Search this
Names:
Bloch, Lucienne, 1909-1999  Search this
D'Harnoncourt, Rene, 1901-1968  Search this
Kozloff, Joyce  Search this
Moholy-Nagy, Sibyl, 1905-  Search this
Mullican, Lee, 1919-1998  Search this
Mullican, Matt, 1951-  Search this
Noguchi, Isamu, 1904-1988  Search this
Paalen, Wolfgang, 1907-  Search this
Varda, Jean  Search this
Wescher, Mary  Search this
Wescher, Paul, 1894-  Search this
Extent:
4 Sound cassettes (Sound recording (4 hrs., 15 min.), analog)
120 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Sound cassettes
Pages
Date:
1994 May 1-1995 Apr. 13
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Venezuelan born American paitner, Luchita Hurtado, conducted 1994 May 1-1995 Apr. 13, by Amy Winter and Paul Karlstrom, for the Archives of American Art, Women in the Arts in Southern California Oral History Project.
1994 May 1 session: The interview focuses on Hurtado's family background; years with her second husband, artist and collector Wolfgang Paalen; the surrealist artist group, Dynaton, living and traveling in Mexico with Paalen, moving to San Francisco and her relationships with artists, collectors; influences on her painting; and Surrealism. Among those mentioned are Rufino and Olga Tamayo, Isamu Noguchi, Gordon Onslow Ford, Jacqueline Johnson, Frida Kahlo, Remedios Varos, Leonora Carrington, Edward James, Lucienne Bloch, Stephen Dimitroff, Grace McCann Morley, Sybil Moholy-Nagy, Jack and Frank Stauffacher, James Broughton, Rene d'Harnoncourt, Julius Karlebach, Herbert (Joe) Spinden, and Robert Motherwell.
April 13, 1995 session: Hurtado continues with a focus on the California years, discussing her reasons for settling there, the Dynaton group and her circle of friends; her third husband, Lee Mullican; the birth of her son Matthew Mullican; her work; California and Mexican imagery; importance of experience and senses, particularly smell, to her creativity and work; importance of her family; and difficulties of pursuing art as a career for a woman, wife and mother; and life in Taos, N.M. She recalls Jean Varda, Shiela and Giles Healey, Mary and Paul Wescher, and Joyce Kozloff.
Biographical / Historical:
Luchita Hurtado (1920-2020) was a painter from Santa Monica, Calif. and Arroyo Seco, N.M. She was born in Caracas, Venezuela.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics, and administrators. Funding for this interview was provided by the Margery and Harry Kahn Philanthropic Fund of the Jewish Communal Fund of New York.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Occupation:
Painters -- California  Search this
Painters -- New Mexico  Search this
Topic:
Surrealism  Search this
Latino and Latin American artists  Search this
Women artists  Search this
Women painters  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.hurtad94
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw910b296f3-4547-441b-bfe3-61b8aa7c45e7
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-hurtad94
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Lee Mullican

Interviewee:
Mullican, Lee, 1919-1998  Search this
Interviewer:
Karlstrom, Paul J.  Search this
Names:
Diebenkorn, Richard, 1922-1993  Search this
Guggenheim, Peggy, 1898-  Search this
Hockney, David  Search this
Moholy-Nagy, Sibyl, 1905-  Search this
Moses, Ed, 1926-  Search this
Noguchi, Isamu, 1904-1988  Search this
Onslow-Ford, Gordon  Search this
Paalen, Wolfgang, 1907-  Search this
Rosenthal, Rachel, 1926-  Search this
Stauffacher, Jack Werner  Search this
Extent:
160 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Interviews
Sound recordings
Date:
1992 May 22-1993 Mar. 4
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Lee Mullican conducted 1992 May 22-1993 Mar. 4, by Paul Karlstrom for the Archives of American Art, at the artist's home/studio in Santa Monica, Calif.
Mullican speaks of his family background, childhood, and his first introductions to art; the influence of abstraction and surrealism in his work; his studies at Abilene College, University of Oklahoma, and the Kansas City Art Institute; his service in WWII; his interest in French painting, theater, opera and ballet; meeting Jack Stauffacher; the influence of Wolfgang Paalen in Mexico; and the connection between modern and primitive, and tribal art, especially in the American Indians of Mexico. He discusses his arrival in San Francisco and the art world and lifestyle there; the Dynaton group; early years in Los Angeles; his trip and exhibition in Rome; UCLA politics; his relationship to modernism and place in American art; regionalism; and the mystical and transcendental expressed in his work. He recalls Gordon Onslow-Ford, Jack Stauffacher, Peggy Guggenheim, Rachel Rosenthal, Richard Diebenkorn, David Hockney, Ed Moses, Isamu Noguchi, Sibyl Moholy-Nagy, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Lee Mullican (1919-1998) was a painter from San Francisco and Santa Monica, Calif.
General:
Originally recorded on 8 sound cassettes. Reformatted in 2010 as 14 digital wav files. Duration is 7 hrs., 4 min.
Provenance:
These interviews are part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators. Funding for this interview was provided by the Lannan Foundation.
Restrictions:
Transcript available on the Archives of American Art website.
Topic:
Art, Modern -- 20th century -- California  Search this
Painters -- California -- Santa Monica -- Interviews  Search this
Dynaton (Group of artists)  Search this
Genre/Form:
Interviews
Sound recordings
Identifier:
AAA.mullic92
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw96a5468cd-e225-4df9-8ec2-f8f74a5aba94
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-mullic92
Online Media:

Oral history interview with Herbert Palmer

Interviewee:
Palmer, Herbert Bearl, 1915-2006  Search this
Interviewer:
Ehrlich, Susan, 1942-  Search this
Names:
Ankrum Gallery  Search this
David Stuart Galleries  Search this
Feigen Palmer Gallery  Search this
Felix Landau Gallery  Search this
Irving Blum Gallery (Los Angeles, Calif.)  Search this
New York University -- Students  Search this
Ankrum, Joan  Search this
Bloch, Lucienne, 1909-1999  Search this
Bluhm, Norman, 1921-1999  Search this
Callahan, Harry M.  Search this
Cézanne, Paul, 1839-1906  Search this
Feigen, Richard L., 1930-  Search this
Garabedian, Charles  Search this
Grooms, Red  Search this
Maillol, Aristide, 1861-1944  Search this
Mullican, Lee, 1919-1998  Search this
Offner, Richard, 1889-1965  Search this
Onslow-Ford, Gordon  Search this
Paalen, Wolfgang, 1907-  Search this
Reiss, Henrietta  Search this
Reiss, Winold, 1886-1953  Search this
Riley, Bridget, 1931-  Search this
Shapiro, Meyer  Search this
Stevenson, Harold, 1929-2018  Search this
Tudor, David, 1926-1996  Search this
Vasa  Search this
Wölfflin, Heinrich, 1864-1945  Search this
Extent:
56 Pages (Transcript)
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Pages
Sound recordings
Interviews
Date:
2004 Dec. 6-22
Scope and Contents:
An interview of Herbert Palmer conducted 2004 Dec. 6 and 22, by Susan Ehrlich, for the Archives of American Art, in West Hollywood, Calif.
Palmer discusses his family background and childhood in New York City; early exposure to art exhibitions; music appreciation; attending New York University; taking classes with Winhold Reiss, Meyer Shapiro, Richard Offner, and Heinrich Wolfflin; his master's thesis on Paul Cezanne's paintings of Mount Saint Victoire; moving to California; learning to fly; meeting Lillian, his wife; founding Feigen-Palmer Gallery with Richard Feigen; other galleries in the area, including Irving Blum, David Stuart, Felix Landau, Charles Garabedian, and Joan Ankrum; Monday Night Art Walks; John Cage and David Tudor performance pieces; the many artists he's exhibited; Andy Warhol's "The Kiss"; 1968 split with Richard Feigen to become the Herbert Palmer Gallery; the theft of a Picasso sculpture in Dec. 1981 and the ensuing legal case, which involved numerous galleries and collectors; his longstanding friendships with Gordon Onslow Ford, Lee Mullican, and Wolfgang Paalen; membership to the Art Dealers Association of California; and his enjoyment of discovering art, old and new. Palmer also recalls Henriette Riess, Harold Stevenson, Lucienne Bloch, Bridget Riley, Vasa Mihich, Maillol, Red Grooms, Norman Bluhm, and others.
Biographical / Historical:
Herbert Palmer (1915-2006) owned the Herbert Palmer Gallery of West Hollywood, Calif. Interviewer Susan Ehrlich is an art historian from Beverly Hills, Calif.
General:
Originally recorded on 4 mini discs. Reformatted in 2010 as 15 digital wav files. Duration is 3 hr., 35 min.
Provenance:
This interview is part of the Archives of American Art Oral History Program, started in 1958 to document the history of the visual arts in the United States, primarily through interviews with artists, historians, dealers, critics and administrators.
Restrictions:
Use requires an appointment.
Occupation:
Gallery owners -- California  Search this
Topic:
Art thefts  Search this
Genre/Form:
Sound recordings
Interviews
Identifier:
AAA.palmer04
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9865dac29-395b-4aba-932d-dc84613acfdc
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-palmer04
Online Media:

Paul and Mary Wescher papers

Creator:
Wescher, Paul, 1894-  Search this
Wescher, Mary  Search this
Names:
Goodman, Benny (Benjamin David), 1909-1986  Search this
Paalen, Wolfgang, 1907-  Search this
Ray, Man, 1890-1976  Search this
Stockent, Constance  Search this
Valentiner, Wilhelm Reinhold, 1880-1958  Search this
Photographer:
Woelffer, Dina, 1907-  Search this
Extent:
2 Linear feet
Type:
Collection descriptions
Archival materials
Date:
1920-1976
bulk 1949-1976
Scope and Contents:
Biographical data; family and personal correspondence, with letters from Julie and Man Ray, William Valentiner, Wolfgang Paalen, Dorothy Miller, and others; published and unpublished writings on art and poetry; printed material; photographs of the Weschers (two by Dina Woelffer), Benny Goodman, Man Ray, Valentiner, and others, including a photograph of Julie Ray by Man Ray, and a photo of Constance Stothart by Man Ray, 1950; sketches; collages; and miscellany [ca. 700 study photographs, negatives and reproductions of works of art, and 19 negatives of the Weschers have not been microfilmed].
Biographical / Historical:
Paul Wescher (1896-1974) was an art historian and administrator in Santa Monica, Calif. He and his wife Mary collected pre-Columbian art and 20th century painting. Mary's first husband was Herbert Stothart, who won an Academy Award for the musical score for "The Wizard of Oz."
Provenance:
Donated 1977 by Mary Wescher.
Restrictions:
Use of original papers requires an appointment and is limited to the Archives' Washington, D.C., Research Center. Microfilmed materials must be consulted on microfilm. Contact Reference Services for more information.
Occupation:
Art historians -- California -- Santa Monica  Search this
Topic:
Art -- Collectors and collecting  Search this
Identifier:
AAA.wescpaul
Archival Repository:
Archives of American Art
GUID:
https://n2t.net/ark:/65665/mw9efa1f9c9-b76d-4012-aa6a-caa2a11c7ac6
EDAN-URL:
ead_collection:sova-aaa-wescpaul

Wolfgang Paalen : artist and theorist of the avant-garde / Amy Winter

Author:
Winter, Amy H (Amy Harriet)  Search this
Paalen, Wolfgang 1907-1959  Search this
Subject:
Paalen, Wolfgang 1907-1959  Search this
Physical description:
xxxii, 285 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 25 cm
Type:
Biography
Place:
Austria
Mexico
Date:
2003
20th century
Topic:
Artists  Search this
Avant-garde (Aesthetics)--History  Search this
Call number:
N40.1.P10 W56 2003
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_707973

Wolfgang Paalen : zwischen Surrealismus und Abstraktion / [Herausgeber, Museum Moderner Kunst Stiftung Ludwig Wien]

Author:
Paalen, Wolfgang 1907-1959  Search this
Paalen, Wolfgang 1907-1959  Search this
Schrage, Dieter  Search this
Museum Moderner Kunst (Austria)  Search this
Museum des 20. Jahrhunderts (Austria)  Search this
Subject:
Paalen, Wolfgang 1907- Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
287 p. : ill. (some col.), facsims., ports. ; 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
1993
C1993
Topic:
Surrealism  Search this
Abstract expressionism  Search this
Call number:
ND511.5.P3 A4 1993
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_648615

Wolfgang Paalen : introductor de la pintura surrealista en México / Leonor Morales

Author:
Morales, Leonor  Search this
Paalen, Wolfgang 1907-1959  Search this
Subject:
Paalen, Wolfgang 1907- Criticism and interpretation  Search this
Paalen, Wolfgang 1907- Influence  Search this
Physical description:
142 p., [38] p. of plates : ill. (some col.) ; 23 cm
Type:
Books
Place:
Mexico
Date:
1984
Siglo XX
Topic:
Surrealism  Search this
Surrealismo  Search this
Arte moderno  Search this
Call number:
ND511.5.P3 M67 1984
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_655938

Dyn

Editor:
Paalen, Wolfgang 1907-1959  Search this
Renouf, Edward 1906-1999  Search this
Inscriber:
Paalen, Wolfgang 1907-1959 DSI  Search this
Former owner:
Pach, Walter 1883-1958 DSI  Search this
Physical description:
6 volumes : illustrations (some color) ; 29 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Date:
1942
1944
1942-1944
20th century
Topic:
Arts  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Surrealism  Search this
Call number:
AP1 .D996
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_570022

Dynaton before & beyond : works by Lee Mullican, Gordon Onslow Ford and Wolfgang Paalen : exhibition / organized by Nora Halpern

Title:
Dynaton before and beyond
Author:
Halpern, Nora  Search this
Frederick R. Weisman Museum of Art  Search this
Subject:
Mullican, Lee 1919-  Search this
Onslow-Ford, Gordon Exhibitions  Search this
Paalen, Wolfgang 1907- Exhibitions  Search this
Physical description:
48 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
1992
C1992
20th century
Topic:
Painting, American  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Call number:
ND236 .H35 1992
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_596053

Wolfgang Paalen / by Gustav Regler

Author:
Regler, Gustav 1898-1963  Search this
Subject:
Paalen, Wolfgang 1907-1959  Search this
Physical description:
69 p. illus. (part col.) port. 28 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1946
Call number:
N40.1.P10 R33 1946
N40.1.P10R33 1946
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_410598

Dynaton, 1951 [by] Jacqueline Johnson, Lee Mullican, Gordon Onslow-Ford [and] Wolfgang Paalen

Author:
San Francisco Museum of Art  Search this
Johnson, Jacqueline  Search this
Paalen, Wolfgang 1907-1959  Search this
Mullican, Lee 1919-1998-  Search this
Onslow-Ford, Gordon  Search this
Physical description:
40 p. illus., plates (part col.) group port. 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
1951
1951?]
20th century
Topic:
Drawing, American  Search this
Painting, American  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Call number:
ND212 .S195 1951
ND212.S195 1951
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_420697

Hommage to Wolfgang Paalen, on the occasion of an exhibition of his paintings at the Museo de Arte Moderno, México, 1967

Author:
Paalen, Wolfgang 1907-1959  Search this
Museo de Arte Moderno (Mexico)  Search this
Subject:
Paalen, Wolfgang 1907-1959  Search this
Physical description:
31 p. illus. (part col.) 22 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1967
1967]
Call number:
N40.1.P10 M9
N40.1.P10M9
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_374850

Form and sense [by] Wolfgang Paalen

Author:
Paalen, Wolfgang 1907-1959  Search this
Physical description:
64 p. illus. 26 cm
Type:
Books
Date:
1945
20th century
Topic:
Art--Philosophy  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Call number:
N70 .P27X
N70 .P27
N70.P27X
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_39625

Wolfgang Paalen : philosopher of the possible

Title:
Philosopher of the possible
Author:
Paalen, Wolfgang 1907-1959  Search this
Winter, Amy H (Amy Harriet)  Search this
Gallery Wendi Norris  Search this
Subject:
Paalen, Wolfgang 1907-1959  Search this
Physical description:
48 pages : illustrations (chiefly color), portrait ; 28 cm
Type:
Books
Exhibitions
Exhibition catalogs
Date:
2013
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1031851

I had an interesting French artist to see me this summer : Emily Carr and Wolfgang Paalen in British Columbia / Colin Browne

Title:
Emily Carr and Wolfgang Paalen in British Columbia
Artist:
Carr, Emily 1871-1945  Search this
Organizer:
Browne, Colin 1946-  Search this
Author:
Paalen, Wolfgang 1907-1959 Paintings Selections  Search this
Host institution:
Vancouver Art Gallery  Search this
Subject:
Carr, Emily 1871-1945  Search this
Paalen, Wolfgang 1907-1959  Search this
Carr, Emily 1871-1945  Search this
Paalen, Wolfgang 1907-1959  Search this
Physical description:
81 pages : illustrations (chiefly colour), colour map ; 23 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Correspondence
Exhibition catalogs
Records and correspondence
Date:
2016
20th century
Topic:
Painting, Canadian  Search this
Painting, Austrian  Search this
Painters  Search this
Painting, Modern  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_1077492

Dyn

Author:
Paalen, Wolfgang 1907-1959  Search this
Physical description:
6 v. : ill. (some col.) ; 29 cm
Type:
Periodicals
Date:
1942
1944
1942-44
20th century
Topic:
Art  Search this
Art, Modern  Search this
Call number:
AP1 .D996
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_935486

Farewell to surrealism : the Dyn circle in Mexico / Annette Leddy and Donna Conwell ; introduction by Dawn Ades

Author:
Leddy, Annette  Search this
Conwell, Donna  Search this
Getty Research Institute  Search this
Subject:
Paalen, Wolfgang 1907-1959 Friends and associates  Search this
Physical description:
71 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm
Type:
Exhibitions
Date:
2012
20th century
Topic:
Arts, Modern  Search this
Art movements--History  Search this
Data Source:
Smithsonian Libraries
EDAN-URL:
edanmdm:siris_sil_997501

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